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Characterization Of Liquids Dispersions Emulsions And Porous Materials Using Ultrasound

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Characterization of Liquids Dispersions Emulsions and Porous Materials Using Ultrasound

Characterization of Liquids  Dispersions  Emulsions and Porous Materials Using Ultrasound Book
Author : Andrei S. Dukhin,Philip J. Goetz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-08-09
ISBN : 9780444639080
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of Liquids, Dispersions, Emulsions and Porous Materials Using Ultrasound, Third Edition, presents a scientific background for novel methods of characterizing homogeneous and heterogeneous liquids (dispersions, emulsions, and gels) as well as porous materials. Homogeneous liquids are characterized in rheological terms, whereas particle-size distribution and zeta potential are parameters of heterogeneous liquids. For porous materials, porosity, pore size, and zeta potential are output characteristics. These methods are based on ultrasound, which opens an opportunity for simplifying the sample preparation by eliminating dilution. This in turn, makes measurements faster, easier, precise, suitable for accurate quality control, PAT, and formulation of complex systems. This book provides theoretical background of acoustics, rheology, colloid science, electrochemistry, and other relevant scientific fields, describing principles of existing instrumentation and, in particular, commercially available instruments. Finally, the book features an extensive list of existing applications. Presents a theoretical multi-disciplinary background of several new ultrasound analytical techniques in one place Validates the theoretical basis of several new analytical techniques Compares the efficiency and applications of various ultrasound techniques Lists many ultrasound applications in colloid chemistry Contains an extensive bibliography on this multidisciplinary topic

Characterization of Liquids Dispersions Emulsions and Porous Materials Using Ultrasound

Characterization of Liquids  Dispersions  Emulsions  and Porous Materials Using Ultrasound Book
Author : Andrei S. Dukhin,Philip J. Goetz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-08-08
ISBN : 0444639071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of Liquids, Dispersions, Emulsions and Porous Materials Using Ultrasound, Third Edition, presents a scientific background for novel methods of characterizing homogeneous and heterogeneous liquids (dispersions, emulsions, and gels) as well as porous materials. Homogeneous liquids are characterized in rheological terms, whereas particle-size distribution and zeta potential are parameters of heterogeneous liquids. For porous materials, porosity, pore size, and zeta potential are output characteristics. These methods are based on ultrasound, which opens an opportunity for simplifying the sample preparation by eliminating dilution. This in turn, makes measurements faster, easier, precise, suitable for accurate quality control, PAT, and formulation of complex systems. This book provides theoretical background of acoustics, rheology, colloid science, electrochemistry, and other relevant scientific fields, describing principles of existing instrumentation and, in particular, commercially available instruments. Finally, the book features an extensive list of existing applications. Presents a theoretical multi-disciplinary background of several new ultrasound analytical techniques in one place Validates the theoretical basis of several new analytical techniques Compares the efficiency and applications of various ultrasound techniques Lists many ultrasound applications in colloid chemistry Contains an extensive bibliography on this multidisciplinary topic

Characterization of Nanoparticles

Characterization of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Wolfgang Unger,Ing. V. -D. Hodoroaba,Alex Shard
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-09-30
ISBN : 0128141824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of Nanoparticles: Measurement Processes for Nanoparticles surveys this fast growing field, including established methods for the physical and chemical characterization of nanoparticles. The book focuses on sample preparation issues (including potential pitfalls), with measurement procedures described in detail. In addition, the book explores data reduction, including the quantitative evaluation of the final result and its uncertainty of measurement. The results of published inter-laboratory comparisons are referred to, along with the availability of reference materials necessary for instrument calibration and method validation. The application of these methods are illustrated with practical examples on what is routine and what remains a challenge. In addition, this book summarizes promising methods still under development and analyzes the need for complementary methods to enhance the quality of nanoparticle characterization with solutions already in operation. Helps readers decide which nanocharacterization method is best for each measurement problem, including limitations, advantages and disadvantages Shows which nanocharacterization methods are best for different classes of nanomaterial Demonstrates the practical use of a method based on selected case studies

Nanocosmetics

Nanocosmetics Book
Author : Arun Nanda,Sanju Nanda,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Susai Rajendran,Yassine Slimani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-19
ISBN : 0128222867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is key to the design and manufacture of the new generation of cosmetics. Nanotechnology can enhance the performance and properties of cosmetics, including colour, transparency, solubility, texture, and durability. Sunscreen products, such as UV nano-filters, nano-TiO2 and nano-ZnO particles, can offer an advantage over their traditional counterparts due to their broad UV-protection and non-cutaneous side effects. For perfumes, nano-droplets can be found in cosmetic products including Eau de Toilette and Eau de Parfum. Nanomaterials can also be used in cosmetics as transdermal drug delivery systems. By using smart nanocontainers, active compounds such as vitamins, antioxidants, nutrients, and anti-inflammatory, anti-infective agents, can be delivered effectively. These smart nanocontainers are typically related with the smart releasing property for their embedded active substances. These smart releases could be obtained by using the smart coatings as their outer nano-shells. These nano-shells could prevent the direct contact between these active agents and the adjacent local environments. Nanocosmetics: Fundamentals, Applications and Toxicity explores the formulation design concepts and emerging applications of nanocosmetics. The book also focuses on the mitigation or prevention of their potential nanotoxicity, potential global regulatory challenges, and the technical challenges of mass implementation. It is an important reference source for materials scientists and pharmaceutical scientists looking to further their understanding of how nanotechnology is being used for the new generation of cosmetics. Outlines the major fabrication and formulation design concepts of nanoscale products for cosmetic applications Explores how nanomaterials can safely be used for various applications in cosmetic products Assesses the major challenges of using nanomaterials for cosmetic applications on a large scale

Characterization of Liquids Nano and Microparticulates and Porous Bodies using Ultrasound

Characterization of Liquids  Nano  and Microparticulates  and Porous Bodies using Ultrasound Book
Author : Andrei S. Dukhin,Philip J. Goetz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-06-03
ISBN : 9780444536228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two key words define the scope of this book: 'ultrasound' and 'colloids'. Historically, there has been little real communication between practitioners in these two fields. Although there is a large body of literature devoted to ultrasound phenomenon in colloids, there is little recognition that such phenomena may be of real importance for both the development and applications of colloid science. On the other side, colloid scientists have not embraced acoustics as an important tool for characterizing colloids. The lack of any serious dialogue between these scientific fields is the biggest motivation behind this book. - Covers in detail this multidisciplinary field combining acoustics, electroacoustics, colloid science, analytical chemistry and rheology - Provides a bibliography with more than 1,000 references - Presents theories and their experimental verification, as well as analysis of the methods and hardware pertaining to applications such as pharmaceuticals, ceramics, and polymers

Powder Technology Handbook Fourth Edition

Powder Technology Handbook  Fourth Edition Book
Author : Ko Higashitani,Hisao Makino,Shuji Matsusaka
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 1351730592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Fourth Edition of Powder Technology Handbook continues to serve as the comprehensive guide to powder technology and the fundamental engineering processes of particulate technology, while incorporating significant advances in the field in the decade since publication of the previous edition. The handbook offers a well-rounded perspective on powder technologies in gas and liquid phases that extends from particles and powders to powder beds and from basic problems to actual applications. This new edition features fully updated and new chapters written by a team of internationally distinguished contributors. All content has been updated and new sections added on. Powder Technology Handbook provides methodologies of powder and particle handling technology essential to scientific researchers and practical industrial engineers. It contains contemporary and comprehensive information on powder and particle handling technology that is extremely useful not only to newcomers but also to experienced engineers and researchers in the field of powder and particle science and technology.

Ultrasound in Food Processing

Ultrasound in Food Processing Book
Author : Mar Villamiel,José V. García-Pérez,Antonia Montilla,Juan A. Carcel,Jose Benedito
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-04-19
ISBN : 1118964179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part I: Fundamentals of ultrasound This part will cover the main basic principles of ultrasound generation and propagation and those phenomena related to low and high intensity ultrasound applications. The mechanisms involved in food analysis and process monitoring and in food process intensification will be shown. Part II: Low intensity ultrasound applications Low intensity ultrasound applications have been used for non-destructive food analysis as well as for process monitoring. Ultrasonic techniques, based on velocity, attenuation or frequency spectrum analysis, may be considered as rapid, simple, portable and suitable for on-line measurements. Although industrial applications of low-intensity ultrasound, such as meat carcass evaluation, have been used in the food industry for decades, this section will cover the most novel applications, which could be considered as highly relevant for future application in the food industry. Chapters addressing this issue will be divided into three subsections: (1) food control, (2) process monitoring, (3) new trends. Part III: High intensity ultrasound applications High intensity ultrasound application constitutes a way to intensify many food processes. However, the efficient generation and application of ultrasound is essential to achieving a successful effect. This part of the book will begin with a chapter dealing with the importance of the design of efficient ultrasonic application systems. The medium is essential to achieve efficient transmission, and for that reason the particular challenges of applying ultrasound in different media will be addressed. The next part of this section constitutes an up-to-date vision of the use of high intensity ultrasound in food processes. The chapters will be divided into four sections, according to the medium in which the ultrasound vibration is transmitted from the transducers to the product being treated. Thus, solid, liquid, supercritical and gas media have been used for ultrasound propagation. Previous books addressing ultrasonic applications in food processing have been based on the process itself, so chapters have been divided in mass and heat transport, microbial inactivation, etc. This new book will propose a revolutionary overview of ultrasonic applications based on (in the authors’ opinion) the most relevant factor affecting the efficiency of ultrasound applications: the medium in which ultrasound is propagated. Depending on the medium, ultrasonic phenomena can be completely different, but it also affects the complexity of the ultrasonic generation, propagation and application. In addition, the effect of high intensity ultrasound on major components of food, such as proteins, carbohydrates and lipids will be also covered, since this type of information has not been deeply studied in previous books. Other aspects related to the challenges of food industry to incorporate ultrasound devices will be also considered. This point is also very important since, in the last few years, researchers have made huge efforts to integrate fully automated and efficient ultrasound systems to the food production lines but, in some cases, it was not satisfactory. In this sense, it is necessary to identify and review the main related problems to efficiently produce and transmit ultrasound, scale-up, reduce cost, save energy and guarantee the production of safe, healthy and high added value foods.

Engineering Principles of Unit Operations in Food Processing

Engineering Principles of Unit Operations in Food Processing Book
Author : Seid Mahdi Jafari
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 0128184744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering Principles of Unit Operations in Food Processing, volume 1 in the Woodhead Publishing Series, In Unit Operations and Processing Equipment in the Food Industry series, presents basic principles of food engineering with an emphasis on unit operations, such as heat transfer, mass transfer and fluid mechanics. Brings new opportunities in the optimization of food processing operations Thoroughly explores applications of food engineering to food processes Focuses on unit operations from an engineering viewpoint

Characterization of Liquids Nano and Microparticulates and Porous Bodies Using Ultrasound

Characterization of Liquids  Nano  and Microparticulates  and Porous Bodies Using Ultrasound Book
Author : Andrei S. Dukhin,Philip J. Goetz
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2002-09-03
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two key words define the scope of this book: 'ultrasound' and 'colloids'. Historically, there has been little real communication between disciples of these two fields. Although there is a large body of literature devoted to ultrasound phenomenon in colloids, there is little recognition that such phenomena may be of real importance for both the development, and application, of Colloid Science. From the other side, colloid scientists have not embraced acoustics as an important tool for characterizing colloids. The lack of any serious dialogue between these scientific fields is the biggest motivation behind this book. For colloidal systems, ultrasound provides information on three important areas of particle characterization: Particle sizing, Rheology, and Electrokinetics. This book primarily targets scientists who consider colloids as their major object of interest. As such we emphasize those aspects of acoustics that are important for colloids, and thereby neglect many others. On the other hand, scientists working with ultrasound who are already familiar with the subject will find several important new developments.

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science   Book
Author : Arthur T. Hubbard
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-07-18
ISBN : 9780824707576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive reference collects fundamental theories and recent research from a wide range of fields including biology, biochemistry, physics, applied mathematics, and computer, materials, surface, and colloid science-providing key references, tools, and analytical techniques for practical applications in industrial, agricultural, and forensic processes, as well as in the production of natural and synthetic compounds such as foods, minerals, paints, proteins, pharmaceuticals, polymers, and soaps.

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science Book
Author : P. Somasundaran
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780849396069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science book written by P. Somasundaran, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Polymer Colloids

Polymer Colloids Book
Author : Rodney Priestley,Robert Prud'homme
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2019-12-02
ISBN : 1788014170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Academic and industrial research around polymer-based colloids is huge, driven both by the development of mature technologies, e.g. latexes for coatings, as well as the advancement of new materials and applications, such as building blocks for 2D/3D structures and medicine. Edited by two world-renowned leaders in polymer science and engineering, this is a fundamental text for the field. Based on a specialised course by the editors, this book provides the reader with an invaluable single source of reference. The first section describes formation, explaining basic properties of emulsions and dispersion polymerization, microfluidic approaches to produce polymer-based colloids and formation via directed self-assembly. The next section details characterisation methodologies from microscopy and small angle scattering, to surface science and simulations. The final chapters close with applications, including Pickering emulsions and molecular engineering for materials development. A comprehensive guide to polymer colloids, with contributions by leaders in their respective areas, this book is a must-have for researchers and practitioners working across polymers, soft matter and chemical and molecular engineering.

Handbook of Soil Sciences Two Volume Set

Handbook of Soil Sciences  Two Volume Set  Book
Author : Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1439803048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for co

Rheology of Dispersions

Rheology of Dispersions Book
Author : Tharwat F. Tadros
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 3527632395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A dispersion is a system of unmixable phases in which one phase is continuous and at least one is finely distributed. Examples are found in many industrial applications, including emulsions, suspensions, foams, and geld. The control of their flow characteristics - rheology - is essential in their preparation, long-term physical stability and application. Filling the need for a practical, up-to-date book connecting the stability/instability of the dispersion to its rheological behavior, this title aids in understanding the principles of rheology and the techniques that can be applied. From the contents: * General Introduction * Interparticle Interactions and Their Combination * Principles of Viscoelastic Behavior * Rheology of Suspensions * Rheology of Emulsions * Rheology of Modifiers, Thickeners, and Gels * Use of Rheological Measurements for Assessment and Prediction of the Long-Term Physical Stability of Formulations (Creaming and Sedimentation)

Polymer Capsules

Polymer Capsules Book
Author : Ye Liu,Xian Jun Loh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-10
ISBN : 0429767870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers are one of the most versatile and important materials used for capsule preparation despite various others available. Suitably formulated capsules can securely protect ingredients, deliver them to targeted sites, and release them expeditiously, improving functions and minimizing adverse effects. New polymers are constantly being explored to develop more efficient capsules as they are routinely used in pharmaceuticals, consumer healthcare products, nutrients, and food. This book focuses on the current state of the art of polymer-based capsules and delivery systems. It describes the formulation processes of capsules developed from redox-responsive polymers and polymer-functionalized carbon nanotubes, in addition to shedding light on coacervation of polymers for encapsulation. It reviews different active ingredients that can be used with polymer capsules in various products, encapsulation of essential oils using such capsules, and development of polymer capsules of cells and bacteriophages.

Polymeric Dispersions Principles and Applications

Polymeric Dispersions  Principles and Applications Book
Author : J.M. Asua
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401155127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive and up to date survey of the science and technology of polymeric dispersions. The book discusses the kinetics and mechanisms of polymerization in dispersed media, examines the processes controlling particle morphology, presents both off-line and on-line methods for the characterization of polymer colloids, considers reactor engineering and control, and covers a wide variety of applications, such as latex paint formulations, encapsulation of inorganic particles, reactive latexes, adhesives, paper coating, and biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. Audience: A valuable resource for scientists and engineers, academic and industrial, who are involved in the manufacture or application of polymeric dispersions.

Emulsions Foams and Suspensions

Emulsions  Foams  and Suspensions Book
Author : Laurier L. Schramm
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-05-12
ISBN : 3527606882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Until now colloid science books have either been theoretical, or focused on specific types of dispersion, or on specific applications. This then is the first book to provide an integrated introduction to the nature, formation and occurrence, stability, propagation, and uses of the most common types of colloidal dispersion in the process-related industries. The primary focus is on the applications of the principles, paying attention to practical processes and problems. This is done both as part of the treatment of the fundamentals, where appropriate, and also in the separate sections devoted to specific kinds of industries. Throughout, the treatment is integrated, with the principles of colloid and interface science common to each dispersion type presented for each major physical property class, followed by separate treatments of features unique to emulsions, foams, or suspensions. The first half of the book introduces the fundamental principles, introducing readers to suspension formation and stability, characterization, and flow properties, emphasizing practical aspects throughout. The following chapters discuss a wide range of industrial applications and examples, serving to emphasize the different methodologies that have been successfully applied. Overall, the book shows how to approach making emulsions, foams, and suspensions with different useful properties, how to propagate them, and how to prevent their formation or destabilize them if necessary. The author assumes no prior knowledge of colloid chemistry and, with its glossary of key terms, complete cross-referencing and indexing, this is a must-have for graduate and professional scientists and engineers who may encounter or use emulsions, foams, or suspensions, or combinations thereof, whether in process design, industrial production, or in related R&D fields.

Food Microstructures

Food Microstructures Book
Author : Vic Morris,Kathy Groves
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-15
ISBN : 0857098896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of high-quality foods with desirable properties for both consumers and the food industry requires a comprehensive understanding of food systems and the control and rational design of food microstructures. Food microstructures reviews best practice and new developments in the determination of food microstructure. After a general introduction, chapters in part one review the principles and applications of various spectroscopy, tomography and microscopy techniques for revealing food microstructure, including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods, environmental scanning electron, probe, photonic force, acoustic, light, confocal and infrared microscopies. Part two explores the measurement, analysis and modelling of food microstructures. Chapters focus on rheology, tribology and methods for modelling and simulating the molecular, cellular and granular microstructure of foods, and for developing relationships between microstructure and mechanical and rheological properties of food structures. The book concludes with a useful case study on electron microscopy. Written by leading professionals and academics in the field, Food microstructures is an essential reference work for researchers and professionals in the processed foods and nutraceutical industries concerned with complex structures, the delivery and controlled release of nutrients, and the generation of improved foods. The book will also be of value to academics working in food science and the emerging field of soft matter. Reviews best practice and essential developments in food microstructure microscopy and modelling Discusses the principles and applications of various microscopy techniques used to discover food microstructure Explores the measurement, analysis and modelling of food microstructures

Application of Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery

Application of Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery Book
Author : Ali Demir Sezer
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2014-07-25
ISBN : 9535116282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects reviews and original articles from eminent experts working in the interdisciplinary arena of nanotechnology use in drug delivery. From their direct and recent experience, the readers can achieve a wide vision on the new and ongoing potentialities of nanotechnology application of drug delivery. Since the advent of analytical techniques and capabilities to measure particle sizes in nanometer ranges, there has been tremendous interest in the use of nanoparticles for more efficient methods of drug delivery. On the other hand, this reference discusses advances in design, optimization, and adaptation of gene delivery systems for the treatment of cancer, cardiovascular, pulmonary, genetic, and infectious diseases, and considers assessment and review procedures involved in the development of gene-based pharmaceuticals.

Handbook of Materials Characterization

Handbook of Materials Characterization Book
Author : Surender Kumar Sharma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-18
ISBN : 3319929550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the widely used experimental techniques available for the structural, morphological, and spectroscopic characterization of materials. Recent developments in a wide range of experimental techniques and their application to the quantification of materials properties are an essential side of this book. Moreover, it provides concise but thorough coverage of the practical and theoretical aspects of the analytical techniques used to characterize a wide variety of functional nanomaterials. The book provides an overview of widely used characterization techniques for a broad audience: from beginners and graduate students, to advanced specialists in both academia and industry.