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Chalcogenide Photovoltaics

Chalcogenide Photovoltaics Book
Author : Roland Scheer,Hans-Werner Schock
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-31
ISBN : 9783527633722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first comprehensive description of the most important material properties and device aspects closes the gap between general books on solar cells and journal articles on chalcogenide-based photovoltaics. Written by two very renowned authors with years of practical experience in the field, the book covers II-VI and I-III-VI2 materials as well as energy conversion at heterojunctions. It also discusses the latest semiconductor heterojunction models and presents modern analysis concepts. Thin film technology is explained with an emphasis on current and future techniques for mass production, and the book closes with a compendium of failure analysis in photovoltaic thin film modules. With its overview of the semiconductor physics and technology needed, this practical book is ideal for students, researchers, and manufacturers, as well as for the growing number of engineers and researchers working in companies and institutes on chalcogenide photovoltaics.

Optical Nonlinearities in Chalcogenide Glasses and Their Applications

Optical Nonlinearities in Chalcogenide Glasses and Their Applications Book
Author : A. Zakery,S.R. Elliott
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-06-19
ISBN : 3540710663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews techniques used to characterize non-linear optical constants of chalcogenide glasses in bulk or thin films, and presents the properties of many chalcogenide systems. A range of applications of these glasses are surveyed, including ultra-fast switching, optical limiting, second harmonic generation and electro-optic effects. Also addressed are suitability of chalcogenide films in all-optical integrated circuits, fabrication of rib as well as ridge waveguides and of fiber gratings.

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass I

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass I Book
Author : Robert Fairman,Boris Ushkov
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2004-05-10
ISBN : 9780080525266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide glass is made up of many elements from the Chalcogenide group. The glass is transparent to infrared light and is useful as a semiconductor in many electronic devices. For example, chalcogenide glass fibers are a component of devices used to perform laser surgery. This book is a comprehensive survey of the current state of science and technology in the field of chalcogenide semiconductor glasses. While the majority of the book deals with properties of chalcogenide glass, chapters also deal with industrial applications, synthesis and purification of chalcogenide glass, and glass structural modification. The first individual or collective monograph written by Eastern European scientists known to Western readers regarding structural and chemical changes in chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors(CVS) Chapters written by B.G. Kolomiets who discovered the properties of chalcogenide glass in 1955 Provides evidence and discussion for problems discussed by authors from opposing positions.

Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors and Related Materials

Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors and Related Materials Book
Author : Keiji Tanaka
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030695980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides introductory, comprehensive, and concise descriptions of amorphous chalcogenide semiconductors and related materials. It includes comparative portraits of the chalcogenide and related materials including amorphous hydrogenated Si, oxide and halide glasses, and organic polymers. It also describes effects of non-equilibrium disorder, in comparison with those in crystalline semiconductors. Provides introductory and concise descriptions to the field of Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors, or Chalcogenide Glassy Semiconductors; Includes comparisons of crystalline and non-crystalline semiconductors, descriptions of fundamental features of amorphous semiconductors, and clear indications of still controversial problems; Explains the principles underlying practical applications such as DVD (digital versatile disk), x-ray imager, avalanche vidicon, infrared devices, so forth. Also, it includes growing future applications such as neuro-morphic devices and non-linear optical components.

Chalcogenide

Chalcogenide Book
Author : Abhay Kumar Singh,Tien-Chien Jen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-27
ISBN : 0429536410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is introductory book for researchers, scientists and students in the area of organic and inorganic composite materials. This book has addressed timely the innovative topic "chalcogenide-multiwalled carbon nanotubes and chalcogenide-bilayer graphene" composite materials under a glassy regime. This book will give a clear idea on the concepts of the newly established composite materials area, by providing interpretations of inside physio-chemical mechanism. The remarkable landmark innovations related to this newly introduced research field are included in this book. Additionally, the possible futuristic applications in the area of nanoelectronics, optoelectronics, biomedical etc are also addressed.

Chalcogenide

Chalcogenide Book
Author : Xinyu Liu,Sanghoon Lee,Jacek K. Furdyna,Tengfei Luo,Yong-Hang Zhang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-14
ISBN : 0081027362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide: From 3D to 2D and Beyond reviews graphene-like 2D chalcogenide systems that include topological insulators, interesting thermoelectric structures, and structures that exhibit a host of spin phenomena that are unique to 2D and lower-dimensional geometries. The book describes state-of-the-art materials in growth and fabrication, magnetic, electronic and optical characterization, as well as the experimental and theoretical aspects of this family of materials. Bulk chalcogenides, chalcogenide films, their heterostructures and low-dimensional chalcogenide-based quantum structures are discussed. Particular attention is paid to findings that are relevant to the continued search for new physical phenomena and new functionalities. Finally, the book covers the enormous opportunities that have emerged as it has become possible to achieve lower-dimensional chalcogenide structures by epitaxial techniques. Provides readers with foundational information on the materials growth, fabrication, magnetic, electronic and optical characterization of chalcogenide materials Discusses not only bulk chalcogenides and chalcogenide thin films, but also two-dimensional chalcogenide materials systems Reviews the most important applications in optoelectronics, photovoltaics and thermoelectrics

Chalcogenide Glasses

Chalcogenide Glasses Book
Author : J-L Adam,X. Zhang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-14
ISBN : 0857093568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The unique properties and functionalities of chalcogenide glasses make them promising materials for photonic applications. Chalcogenide glasses are transparent from the visible to the near infrared region and can be moulded into lenses or drawn into fibres. They have useful commercial applications as components for lenses for infrared cameras, and chalcogenide glass fibres and optical components are used in waveguides for use with lasers, for optical switching, chemical and temperature sensing and phase change memories. Chalcogenide glasses comprehensively reviews the latest technological advances in this field and the industrial applications of the technology. Part one outlines the preparation methods and properties of chalcogenide glasses, including the thermal properties, structure, and optical properties, before going on to discuss mean coordination and topological constraints in chalcogenide network glasses, and the photo-induced phenomena in chalcogenide glasses. This section also covers the ionic conductivity and physical aging of chalcogenide glasses, deposition techniques for chalcogenide thin films, and transparent chalcogenide glass-ceramics. Part two explores the applications of chalcogenide glasses. Topics discussed include rare-earth-doped chalcogenide glass for lasers and amplifiers, the applications of chalcogenide glasses for infrared sensing, microstructured optical fibres for infrared applications, and chalcogenide glass waveguide devices for all-optical signal processing. This section also discusses the control of light on the nanoscale with chalcogenide thin films, chalcogenide glass resists for lithography, and chalcogenide for phase change optical and electrical memories. The book concludes with an overview of chalcogenide glasses as electrolytes for batteries. Chalcogenide glasses comprehensively reviews the latest technological advances and applications of chalcogenide glasses, and is an essential text for academics, materials scientists and electrical engineers working in the photonics and optoelectronics industry. Outlines preparation methods and properties, and explores applications of chalcogenide glasses. Covers the ionic conductivity and physical aging of chalcogenide glasses, deposition techniques for chalcogenide thin films, and transparent chalcogenide glass-ceramics Discusses the control of light on the nanoscale with chalcogenide thin films, chalcogenide glass resists for lithography, and chalcogenide for phase change optical and electrical memories

Chalcogenide Based Nanomaterials as Photocatalysts

Chalcogenide Based Nanomaterials as Photocatalysts Book
Author : Mohammad Mansoob Khan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-07
ISBN : 0128209178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide-Based Nanomaterials as Photocatalysts deals with the different types of chalcogenide-based photocatalytic reactions, covering the fundamental concepts of photocatalytic reactions involving chalcogenides for a range of energy and environmental applications. Sections focus on nanostructure control, synthesis methods, activity enhancement strategies, environmental applications, and perspectives of chalcogenide-based nanomaterials. The book offers guidelines for designing new chalcogenide-based nanoscale photocatalysts at low cost and high efficiency for efficient utilization of solar energy in the areas of energy production and environment remediation. Provides information on the development of novel chalcogenide-based nanomaterials Outlines the fundamentals of chalcogenides-based photocatalysis Includes techniques for heterogeneous catalysis based on chalcogenide-based nanomaterials

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass III

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass III Book
Author : Robert Fairman,Boris Ushkov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-12-17
ISBN : 0080541062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide glass is made up of many elements from the Chalcogenide group. The glass is transparent to infrared light and is useful as a semiconductor in many electronic devices. For example, chalcogenide glass fibers are a component of devices used to perform laser surgery. Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass III: Applications of Chalcogenide Glasses is a comprehensive overview of designs of various chalcogenide glass devices are presented, including switches, phase inverters, voltage stabilizers, oscillators, indicators and display control circuits, memory devices, and sensors. A special chapter is devoted to chalcogenide glass applications in optical fibers. This collective monograph is intended to survey the current state of chalcogenide glass applications to facilitate further development. The first collective monograph written by Eastern European scientists covering electrical and optical properties of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors (CVS) Contributions by B.G. Kolomiets, who discovered the properties of chalcogenide glass in 1955! Provides evidence and discussion by authors from opposing positions

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass II

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass II Book
Author : Robert Fairman,Boris Ushkov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-12-17
ISBN : 0080541054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide glass is made up of many elements from the Chalcogenide group. The glass is transparent to infrared light and is useful as a semiconductor in many electronic devices. For example, chalcogenide glass fibers are a component of devices used to perform laser surgery. The properties of chalcogenide glass result not only from their chemical composition and atomic structure, but also from the impact of numerous external factors. A comprehensive survey is presented of the properties of chalcogenide glass under various external impacts. Practical recommendations are presented for a wide range of applications. Part II is the second part of a three-volume work within the Semiconductors and Semimetals series. * The first collective monograph written by Eastern European scientists on the electrical and optical properties of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors (CVS). * Contributions by B.G. Kolomiets, who discovered the properties of chalcogenide glass in 1955! * Provides objective evidence and discussion by authors from opposing positions.

Chalcogenide Materials for Energy Conversion

Chalcogenide Materials for Energy Conversion Book
Author : Nicolas Alonso-Vante
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-20
ISBN : 3319896121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses electrocatalysis based on chalcogenides, particularly in the nanoscale domain. Special attention is paid to the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The book provides an introduction to materials synthesis; the basic principles of electrocatalysis; related precious metal versus non-precious metal catalytic center chalcogenides as well as supports; and the role of such supports in stabilizing the catalytic centers. In short: pursuing a bottom-up approach, it covers the properties of this class of electrocatalysts and examines their applications in low-temperature fuel systems such as microfluidic fuel cells for portable devices. Accordingly, it is ideally suited for all professionals and researchers interested in electrochemistry, renewable energy and electrocatalysis, and non-precious metal centers for chemical energy conversion.

Metal Chalcogenide Nanostructures for Renewable Energy Applications

Metal Chalcogenide Nanostructures for Renewable Energy Applications Book
Author : Ahsanulhaq Qurashi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-12-01
ISBN : 1119008999
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first ever reference book that focuses on metalchalcogenide semiconductor nanostructures for renewable energyapplications encapsulates the state-of-the-art in multidisciplinaryresearch on the metal chalcogenide semiconductor nanostructures(nanocrystals, nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, nanobelts,nanoflowers, nanoribbons and more). The properties and synthesis of a class of nanomaterials isessential to renewable energy manufacturing and this book focuseson the synthesis of metal chalcogendie nanostructures, their growthmechanism, optical, electrical, and other important properties andtheir applications in different diverging fields likephotovoltaics, hydrogen production, theromelectrics, lithiumbattery, energy storage, photocatalysis, sensors. An important reference source for students, scientists,engineers, researchers and industrialists working onnanomaterials-based energy aspects associated with chemistry,physics, materials science, electrical engineering, energy scienceand technology, and environmental science.

Mid Infrared Fluoride and Chalcogenide Glasses and Fibers

Mid Infrared Fluoride and Chalcogenide Glasses and Fibers Book
Author : Pengfei Wang,Xunsi Wang,Haitao Guo,Peiqing Zhang,Shunbin Wang,Shijie Jia,Gerald Farrell,Shixun Dai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-08
ISBN : 981167941X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives an overview on mid-infrared optical glass and fibers laser, it cover the underlying principle, historic background, as well as recent advances in materials processing and enhanced properties for rare earth doped luminescence, spectroscopy lasers, or optical nonlinearity applications. It describes in great detail, the preparation of high purity non-oxide IR glass and fibers to be used as mid-IR fiber laser and supercontinuum sources for optical fiber spectroscopy. It will be useful for academics, researchers and engineers in various disciplines who require a broad introduction to the subject and would like to learn more about the state-of-the-art and upcoming trends in mid-infrared fiber source development, particularly for industrial, medical and military applications.

Anisotropic Metal Chalcogenide Nanomaterials

Anisotropic Metal Chalcogenide Nanomaterials Book
Author : Geon Dae Moon
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-14
ISBN : 3030039439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the recent advances in designing and synthesizing one- and two-dimensional metal chalcogenide nanostructures, along with their practical applications, helping readers understand what has happened, and what is currently happening in the field of nanotechnology. It also includes a comprehensive table showing 1D and 2D nanostructured metal chalcogenides, which presents the recent developments from a synthetic point of view. Further, it describes the wide applicability of anisotropic metal chalcogenides, such as in electronics, energy storage and conversion, and sensors. Lastly it discusses the current understanding of the thermodynamic and kinetic aspects associated with the forming mechanisms of anisotropic metal chalcogenide nanostructures. This book is a valuable reference resource for practitioners and researchers, enabling them to obtain a quick overview of anisotropic metal chalcogenide nanomaterials through synthetic approaches and related applications. Presenting representative applications of anisotropic metal chalcogenide nanomaterials that are important in the industrial sector, it is also of interest to academics and industry specialists.

Electrochemistry of Metal Chalcogenides

Electrochemistry of Metal Chalcogenides Book
Author : Mirtat Bouroushian
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-04-23
ISBN : 3642039677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The author provides a unified account of the electrochemical material science of metal chalcogenide (MCh) compounds and alloys with regard to their synthesis, processing and applications. Starting with the chemical fundamentals of the chalcogens and their major compounds, the initial part of the book includes a systematic description of the MCh solids on the basis of the Periodic Table in terms of their structures and key properties. This is followed by a general discussion on the electrochemistry of chalcogen species, and the principles underlying the electrochemical formation of inorganic compounds/alloys. The core of the book offers an insight into available experimental results and inferences regarding the electrochemical preparation and microstructural control of conventional and novel MCh structures. It also aims to survey their photoelectrochemistry, both from a material-oriented point of view and as connected to specific processes such as photocatalysis and solar energy conversion. Finally, the book illustrates the relevance of MCh materials to various applications of electrochemical interest such as (electro)catalysis in fuel cells, energy storage with intercalation electrodes, and ion sensing.

Advances in Silicon Dioxide Research and Application 2013 Edition

Advances in Silicon Dioxide Research and Application  2013 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-06-21
ISBN : 1481684108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Silicon Dioxide Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Diatomaceous Earth. The editors have built Advances in Silicon Dioxide Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Diatomaceous Earth in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Silicon Dioxide Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices Chalcogenide glasses and sol gel materials

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices  Chalcogenide glasses and sol gel materials Book
Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vol. 1: Semiconductors;Vol. 2: Semiconductors Devices;Vol. 3: High-Tc Superconductors and Organic Conductors; Vol. 4: Ferroelectrics and Dielectrics; Vol. 5: Chalcogenide Glasses and Sol-Gel Materials; Vol. 6 Nanostructured Materials; Vol. 7: Liquid Crystals, Display and Laser Materials; Vol. 8: Conducting Polymers; Vol. 9: Nonlinear Optical Materials; Volume 10: Light-Emitting Diodes, Lithium Batteries and Polymer Devices

State of the Art Program on Compound Semiconductors SOTAPOCS XLII and Processes at the Compound Semiconductor Solution Interface

State of the Art Program on Compound Semiconductors    SOTAPOCS XLII  and Processes at the Compound Semiconductor Solution Interface Book
Author : P. C. Chang
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781566774628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download State of the Art Program on Compound Semiconductors SOTAPOCS XLII and Processes at the Compound Semiconductor Solution Interface book written by P. C. Chang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Non Crystalline Chalcogenicides

Non Crystalline Chalcogenicides Book
Author : M.A. Popescu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-11
ISBN : 0306471299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The earliest experimental data on an oxygen-free glass have been published by Schulz-Sellack in 1870 [1]. Later on, in 1902, Wood [2], as well as Meier in 1910 [3], carried out the first researches on the optical properties of vitreous selenium. The interest in the glasses that exhibit transparency in the infrared region of the optical spectrum rose at the beginning of the twentieth century. Firstly were investigated the heavy metal oxides and the transparency limit was extended from (the case of the classical oxide glasses) up to wavelength. In order to extend this limit above the scientists tried the chemical compositions based on the elements of the sixth group of the Periodic Table, the chalcogens: sulphur, selenium and tellurium. The systematic research in the field of glasses based on chalcogens, called chalcogenide glasses, started at the middle of our century. In 1950 Frerichs [4] investigated the glass and published the paper: “New optical glasses transparent in infrared up to 12 . Several years later he started the study of the selenium glass and prepared several binary glasses with sulphur [5]. Glaze and co-workers [6] developed in 1957 the first method for the preparation of the glass at the industrial scale, while Winter-Klein [7] published reports on numerous chalcogenides prepared in the vitreous state.

Advances in Nanomaterials

Advances in Nanomaterials Book
Author : Mushahid Husain,Zishan Husain Khan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-15
ISBN : 8132226682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a review of the latest research findings and key applications in the field of nanomaterials. The book contains twelve chapters on different aspects of nanomaterials. It begins with key fundamental concepts to aid readers new to the discipline of nanomaterials, and then moves to the different types of nanomaterials studied. The book includes chapters based on the applications of nanomaterials for nano-biotechnology and solar energy. Overall, the book comprises chapters on a variety of topics on nanomaterials from expert authors across the globe. This book will appeal to researchers and professional alike, and may also be used as a reference for courses in nanomaterials.