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Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass II

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass II Book
Author : Robert Fairman,Boris Ushkov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-12-17
ISBN : 0080541054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide glass is made up of many elements from the Chalcogenide group. The glass is transparent to infrared light and is useful as a semiconductor in many electronic devices. For example, chalcogenide glass fibers are a component of devices used to perform laser surgery. The properties of chalcogenide glass result not only from their chemical composition and atomic structure, but also from the impact of numerous external factors. A comprehensive survey is presented of the properties of chalcogenide glass under various external impacts. Practical recommendations are presented for a wide range of applications. Part II is the second part of a three-volume work within the Semiconductors and Semimetals series. * The first collective monograph written by Eastern European scientists on the electrical and optical properties of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors (CVS). * Contributions by B.G. Kolomiets, who discovered the properties of chalcogenide glass in 1955! * Provides objective evidence and discussion by authors from opposing positions.

Chalcogenide Glasses

Chalcogenide Glasses Book
Author : J-L Adam,X. Zhang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-14
ISBN : 0857093568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The unique properties and functionalities of chalcogenide glasses make them promising materials for photonic applications. Chalcogenide glasses are transparent from the visible to the near infrared region and can be moulded into lenses or drawn into fibres. They have useful commercial applications as components for lenses for infrared cameras, and chalcogenide glass fibres and optical components are used in waveguides for use with lasers, for optical switching, chemical and temperature sensing and phase change memories. Chalcogenide glasses comprehensively reviews the latest technological advances in this field and the industrial applications of the technology. Part one outlines the preparation methods and properties of chalcogenide glasses, including the thermal properties, structure, and optical properties, before going on to discuss mean coordination and topological constraints in chalcogenide network glasses, and the photo-induced phenomena in chalcogenide glasses. This section also covers the ionic conductivity and physical aging of chalcogenide glasses, deposition techniques for chalcogenide thin films, and transparent chalcogenide glass-ceramics. Part two explores the applications of chalcogenide glasses. Topics discussed include rare-earth-doped chalcogenide glass for lasers and amplifiers, the applications of chalcogenide glasses for infrared sensing, microstructured optical fibres for infrared applications, and chalcogenide glass waveguide devices for all-optical signal processing. This section also discusses the control of light on the nanoscale with chalcogenide thin films, chalcogenide glass resists for lithography, and chalcogenide for phase change optical and electrical memories. The book concludes with an overview of chalcogenide glasses as electrolytes for batteries. Chalcogenide glasses comprehensively reviews the latest technological advances and applications of chalcogenide glasses, and is an essential text for academics, materials scientists and electrical engineers working in the photonics and optoelectronics industry. Outlines preparation methods and properties, and explores applications of chalcogenide glasses. Covers the ionic conductivity and physical aging of chalcogenide glasses, deposition techniques for chalcogenide thin films, and transparent chalcogenide glass-ceramics Discusses the control of light on the nanoscale with chalcogenide thin films, chalcogenide glass resists for lithography, and chalcogenide for phase change optical and electrical memories

Optical Nonlinearities in Chalcogenide Glasses and Their Applications

Optical Nonlinearities in Chalcogenide Glasses and Their Applications Book
Author : A. Zakery,S.R. Elliott
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-06-19
ISBN : 3540710663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photonics, whichusesphotonsforinformationandimageprocessing, islabeled as one of the technologies of the 21st century, for which nonlinear op- cal processes provide the key functions of frequency conversion and optical switching. Chalcogenide glasses are based on the chalcogen elements S, Se, and Te. These glasses are formed by the addition of other elements such as Ge, As, Sb, Ga, etc. These glasses are low-phonon energy materials and are generally transparentfromthevisibletoinfrared.Chalcogenideglassescanbedopedby rare-earth elements such as Er, Nd, Pr, etc., and hence numerous applications ofactiveopticaldeviceshavebeenproposed.Theseglassesareopticallyhighly nonlinear and could therefore be useful for all-optical switching. This book is a review of recent progress in the science and technology of chalcogenide glasses, with an emphasis on their nonlinear optical properties, forgraduatestudents, practisingengineersandscientistsfromawidemultid- ciplinary area such as physics, chemistry, electrical engineering and material science. Since the interest in this area is growing worldwide, a book dealing with this subject will be of great value to researchers of varied backgrounds. Chalcogenide glasses and their electronic, structural, and photoinduced properties are introduced. Techniques to characterize the linear and nonlinear optical properties of these glasses are introduced and used to measure the optical constants of chalcogenide glasses in the form of bulk, thin ?lm and ?ber. The possibilities of fabricating passive and active devices are present

Chalcogenide Glasses for Infrared Optics

Chalcogenide Glasses for Infrared Optics Book
Author : A. Ray Hilton
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2010-01-25
ISBN : 0071596984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cutting-edge techniques for yielding high-quality chalcogenide glasses This pioneering work describes the technology, developed over a 50-year period, to utilize chalcogenide glasses as infrared optical materials. Methods for qualitatively identifying chalcogenide glass compositions and producing high-purity homogeneous glass are discussed. Chalcogenide Glasses for Infrared Optics includes unique production techniques developed through the author's work at both Texas Instruments (TI) and Amorphous Materials, Inc. (AMI). The production of vacuum float zoned silicon, gallium arsenide, and cadmium telluride, all useful in infrared technology, is explained. The book highlights examples of how glass composition can be changed to enhance a particular property. Coverage includes: Transmission of light by solids Physical properties of chalcogenide glasses Glass production Careful characterization of glass properties Conventional lens fabrication--spherical surfaces Molding of unconventional aspheric lenses with diffractive surfaces Glass processes for other applications IR imaging bundles made from chalcogenide glass fibers Production of infrared crystalline materials at AMI Development of an automatic ellipsometer system at TI

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass III

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass III Book
Author : Robert Fairman,Boris Ushkov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-12-17
ISBN : 0080541062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide glass is made up of many elements from the Chalcogenide group. The glass is transparent to infrared light and is useful as a semiconductor in many electronic devices. For example, chalcogenide glass fibers are a component of devices used to perform laser surgery. Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass III: Applications of Chalcogenide Glasses is a comprehensive overview of designs of various chalcogenide glass devices are presented, including switches, phase inverters, voltage stabilizers, oscillators, indicators and display control circuits, memory devices, and sensors. A special chapter is devoted to chalcogenide glass applications in optical fibers. This collective monograph is intended to survey the current state of chalcogenide glass applications to facilitate further development. The first collective monograph written by Eastern European scientists covering electrical and optical properties of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors (CVS) Contributions by B.G. Kolomiets, who discovered the properties of chalcogenide glass in 1955! Provides evidence and discussion by authors from opposing positions

Chalcogenide

Chalcogenide Book
Author : Abhay Kumar Singh,Tien-Chien Jen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-27
ISBN : 0429522940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is introductory book for researchers, scientists and students in the area of organic and inorganic composite materials. This book has addressed timely the innovative topic "chalcogenide-multiwalled carbon nanotubes and chalcogenide-bilayer graphene" composite materials under a glassy regime. This book will give a clear idea on the concepts of the newly established composite materials area, by providing interpretations of inside physio-chemical mechanism. The remarkable landmark innovations related to this newly introduced research field are included in this book. Additionally, the possible futuristic applications in the area of nanoelectronics, optoelectronics, biomedical etc are also addressed.

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass II

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass II Book
Author : Robert Fairman,Boris Ushkov
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2005-01-11
ISBN : 9780127521886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide glass is made up of many elements from the Chalcogenide group. The glass is transparent to infrared light and is useful as a semiconductor in many electronic devices. For example, chalcogenide glass fibers are a component of devices used to perform laser surgery. The properties of chalcogenide glass result not only from their chemical composition and atomic structure, but also from the impact of numerous external factors. A comprehensive survey is presented of the properties of chalcogenide glass under various external impacts. Practical recommendations are presented for a wide range of applications. Part II is the second part of a three-volume work within the Semiconductors and Semimetals series. * The first collective monograph written by Eastern European scientists on the electrical and optical properties of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors (CVS). * Contributions by B.G. Kolomiets, who discovered the properties of chalcogenide glass in 1955! * Provides objective evidence and discussion by authors from opposing positions.

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass III

Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass III Book
Author : Robert Fairman,Boris Ushkov
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2005-04-01
ISBN : 9780127521893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chalcogenide glass is made up of many elements from the Chalcogenide group. The glass is transparent to infrared light and is useful as a semiconductor in many electronic devices. For example, chalcogenide glass fibers are a component of devices used to perform laser surgery. Semiconducting Chalcogenide Glass III: Applications of Chalcogenide Glasses is a comprehensive overview of designs of various chalcogenide glass devices are presented, including switches, phase inverters, voltage stabilizers, oscillators, indicators and display control circuits, memory devices, and sensors. A special chapter is devoted to chalcogenide glass applications in optical fibers. This collective monograph is intended to survey the current state of chalcogenide glass applications to facilitate further development. The first collective monograph written by Eastern European scientists covering electrical and optical properties of chalcogenide vitreous semiconductors (CVS) Contributions by B.G. Kolomiets, who discovered the properties of chalcogenide glass in 1955! Provides evidence and discussion by authors from opposing positions

Chalcogenide Glasses Part 3 Chalcogenide Glass Forming Systems

Chalcogenide Glasses  Part 3  Chalcogenide Glass Forming Systems Book
Author : Koto White,AIR FORCE WRIGHT AERONAUTICAL LABS WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report summarizes the literature search on glass-forming regions of chalcogenide compositional systems. Brief discussions on physical, chemical and structural properties are also included. This study was conducted to select and evaluate the chalcogenide glasses which are suitable for use in graded optical filter applications. Continuous variations of optical properties may be achieved by continuously varying the compositions of multicomponent glasses. The usefulness of this approach is severely limited in some multi-component glasses because of their tendency for phase separation and crystallization, which lead to inhomogeneous microstructures.

Physics and Applications of Non Crystalline Semiconductors in Optoelectronics

Physics and Applications of Non Crystalline Semiconductors in Optoelectronics Book
Author : A. Andriesh,M. Bertolotti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401154961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Workshop on Physics and Application of Non-crystalline Semiconductors in Optoelectronics was held from 15 to 17 October 1996 in Chisinau. republic of Moldova and was devoted to the problems of non-crystalline semiconducting materials. The reports covered two mjlin topics: theoretical basis of physics of non -crystalline materials and experimental results. In the framework of these major topics there were treated many subjects. concerning the physics of non-crystalline semiconductors and their specific application: -optical properties of non-crystalline semiconductors; -doping of glassy semiconductors and photoinduced effects in chalcogenide glasses and their application for practical purposes; -methods for investigation of the structure in non-crystalline semiconductors -new glassy materials for IR trasmittance and optoelectronics. Reports and communications were presented on various aspects of the theory. new physical principles. studies of the atomic structure. search and development of optoelectronics devices. Special attention was paid to the actual subject of photoinduced transformations and its applications. Experimental investigations covered a rather wide spectrum of materials and physical phenomena. As a novel item it is worth to mention the study of nonlinear optical effects in amorphous semiconducting films. The third order optical non linearities. fast photoinduced optical absorption and refraction. acusto-optic effects recently discovered in non-crystalline semiconductors could potentially be utilised for optical signal processing. The important problems of photoinduced structural transformations and related phenomena. which are very attractive and actual both from the scientific and practical points of view. received much attention in discussions at the conference.

Specialty Optical Fibers Handbook

Specialty Optical Fibers Handbook Book
Author : Alexis Mendez,T. F. Morse
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-10
ISBN : 9780080474991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a comprehensive contributed volume that aims to describe and explain the design, fabrication, operating characteristics, and specific applications of the most popular and useful types of specialty optical fibers. These “specialty fibers include any kind of optical fiber that has been architecturally manipulated to diverge from a conventional structure. For instance, metal-coated fibers can be utilized for bandwidth improvement, and hollow core fibers offer more controllable dispersion for sensitive medical procedures. Applications for these specialty fibers abound in the biomedical, sensors, and industrial fields, as well as in more traditional communications capacities. This book will act as a specialty fiber “guided tour, hosted by the top names in the discipline. The globally renowned editors, Drs. Mendez and Morse, have extensive experience in research, academia, and industry. *Completely covers biomedical and industrial sensor technology with emphasis on real world applications *Comparative studies of pros and cons of all fiber types with relation to test and measurement, mechanical properties and strength, and reliability *Easy to access essential facts and details at the begining of each chapter

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices Chalcogenide glasses and sol gel materials

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices  Chalcogenide glasses and sol gel materials Book
Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electronic and photonic materials discussed in this handbook are the key elements of continued scientific and technological advances in the 21st century. The electronic and photonic materials comprising this handbook include semiconductors, superconductors, ferroelectrics, liquid crystals, conducting polymers, organic and superconductors, conductors, nonlinear optical and optoelectronic materials, electrochromic materials, laser materials, photoconductors, photovoltaic and electroluminescent materials, dielectric materials, nanostructured materials, supramolecular and self-asemblies, silicon and glasses, photosynthetic and respiratory proteins, etc, etc. Some of these materials have already been used and will be the most important components of the semiconductor and photonic industries, computers, internet, information processing and storage, telecommunications, satellite communications, integrated circuits, photocopiers, solar cells, batteries, light-emitting diodes, liquid crystal displays, magneto-optic memories, audio and video systems, recordable compact discs, video cameras, X-ray technology, color imaging, printing, flat-panel displays, optical waveguides, cable televisions, computer chips, molecular-sized transistors and switches, as well as other emerging cutting edge technologies. Electronic and photonic materials are expected to grow to a trillion-dollar industry in the new millennium and will be the most dominating forces in the emerging new technologies in the fields of science and engineering. This handbook is a unique source of the in-depth knowledge of synthesis, processing, fabrication, spectroscopy, physical properties and applications of electronic and photonic materials covering everything for today's and developing future technologies. This handbook consists of over one hundred state-of-the-art review chapters written by more than 200 world leading experts from 25 different countries. With more than 23,000 bibliographic citations and several thousands of figures, tables, photographs, chemical structures and equations, this handbook is an invaluable major reference source for scientists and students working in the field of materials science, solid-state physics, chemistry, electrical and optical engineering, polymer science, device engineering and computational engineering, photophysics, data storage and information technology and technocrats, everyone who is involved in science and engineering of electronic and photonic materials. Key Features * This is the first handbook ever published on electronic and photonic materials * 10 volumes summarize the advances in electronic and photonic materials made over past the two decades * This handbook is a unique source of the in-depth knowledge of synthesis, processing, spectroscopy, physical properties and applications of electronic and photonic materials * Over 100 state-of-the-art review chapters written by more than 200 leading experts from 25 different countries * About 25,000 bibliographic citations and several thousand figures, tables, photographs, chemical structures and equations * Easy access to electronic and photonic materials from a single reference * Each chapter is self-contained with cross references * Single reference having all inorganic, organic and biological materials * Witten in very clear and concise fashion for easy understanding of structure property relationships in electronic and photonic materials

Infrared Fiber Optics

Infrared Fiber Optics Book
Author : Jas Sanghera,Ishwar D. Aggarwal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-05-14
ISBN : 9780849324895
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past 10 years, there have been many developments in the field of infrared transmitting fiber optics. This is highlighted by the many different fiber compositions that have been studied around the world for numerous practical applications. This book reviews different fiber systems, describing material properties, techniques used to prepare the fibers and fiber properties with particular emphasis on optical properties. These fibers possess unique optical, mechanical, and physical properties, enabling many technologies. Examples of applications are described within given chapters, allowing an engineer or scientist to choose the most appropriate fiber for a desired application. The introduction gives the reader an overview of transmission theory so that the basic concepts are clearly understood by someone new to the field. The next several chapters describe the different types of infrared transmitting fibers, including glass fibers such as those based on silica, fluoride, and chalcogenide glasses; the crystalline fibers based on single or polycrystalline materials; and hollow waveguides. The commercial chemical sensing applications of some of these new fibers are described. The final chapter summarizes the properties of the fibers and highlights future prospects.

Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors and Related Materials

Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors and Related Materials Book
Author : Keiji Tanaka
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-20
ISBN : 3030695980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors and Related Materials book written by Keiji Tanaka, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Non Crystalline Chalcogenicides

Non Crystalline Chalcogenicides Book
Author : M.A. Popescu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-11
ISBN : 0306471299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The earliest experimental data on an oxygen-free glass have been published by Schulz-Sellack in 1870 [1]. Later on, in 1902, Wood [2], as well as Meier in 1910 [3], carried out the first researches on the optical properties of vitreous selenium. The interest in the glasses that exhibit transparency in the infrared region of the optical spectrum rose at the beginning of the twentieth century. Firstly were investigated the heavy metal oxides and the transparency limit was extended from (the case of the classical oxide glasses) up to wavelength. In order to extend this limit above the scientists tried the chemical compositions based on the elements of the sixth group of the Periodic Table, the chalcogens: sulphur, selenium and tellurium. The systematic research in the field of glasses based on chalcogens, called chalcogenide glasses, started at the middle of our century. In 1950 Frerichs [4] investigated the glass and published the paper: “New optical glasses transparent in infrared up to 12 . Several years later he started the study of the selenium glass and prepared several binary glasses with sulphur [5]. Glaze and co-workers [6] developed in 1957 the first method for the preparation of the glass at the industrial scale, while Winter-Klein [7] published reports on numerous chalcogenides prepared in the vitreous state.

Chalcogenide Materials for Energy Conversion

Chalcogenide Materials for Energy Conversion Book
Author : Nicolas Alonso-Vante
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-20
ISBN : 3319896121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses electrocatalysis based on chalcogenides, particularly in the nanoscale domain. Special attention is paid to the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The book provides an introduction to materials synthesis; the basic principles of electrocatalysis; related precious metal versus non-precious metal catalytic center chalcogenides as well as supports; and the role of such supports in stabilizing the catalytic centers. In short: pursuing a bottom-up approach, it covers the properties of this class of electrocatalysts and examines their applications in low-temperature fuel systems such as microfluidic fuel cells for portable devices. Accordingly, it is ideally suited for all professionals and researchers interested in electrochemistry, renewable energy and electrocatalysis, and non-precious metal centers for chemical energy conversion.

Optical Constants of Inorganic Glasses

Optical Constants of Inorganic Glasses Book
Author : Andrei M. Efimov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1995-07-10
ISBN : 9780849337833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book is devoted to the problem of the frequency dispersion of optical constants of inorganic glasses. It is the only source providing a comprehensive discussion of this topic on a unified physical and analytical basis. Optical Constants of Inorganic Glasses presents thorough descriptions of the underlying physical phenomena, analytical models for the optical constants dispersion, and detailed information on the optical constants and related optical characteristics of glasses. The broad scope of the book includes such topics as general relationships for the response of a solid to the effect of an electromagnetic field, and specific features of optical spectrum formation for a glass and the resulting constants. The text details methods for reconstructing the spectra of optical constants from raw experimental spectra of glasses, and provides data on the spectra of optical constants in the IR and VUV ranges and on the IR band parameters for inorganic glasses. It includes factors responsible for the behavior of the refractive index dispersion of glasses in the transparency range. The reference fully details the opportunities provided by the recent version of dispersion analysis for glasses based on the specific analytical model for the complex dielectric constant. Until now, this information was only available in Russian journals. A large quantity of never-before-published data on numerical values of optical constants in the medium and far IR and of IR band frequencies and intensities is given for a wide variety of inorganic glasses. For vitreous silica, data on the optical constants are also given for the broad wavelength range in the VUV. Optical Constants of Inorganic Glasses provides the only comprehensive review of available dispersion formulas and methods for interpolating and extrapolating the refractive indices of glasses in the transparency range. The volume is a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners in the fields of glass technology and applied optics, and students.

Overall Aspects of Non Traditional Glasses Synthesis Properties and Applications

Overall Aspects of Non Traditional Glasses  Synthesis  Properties and Applications Book
Author : Helena Cristina de Sousa Pereira Meneses e Vasconcelos ,Maria Clara Gonçalves
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2016-05-01
ISBN : 1681082071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The considerable proliferation of new glasses during the second half of the 20th century (germanate, vanadate, bismuthate, tellurite, chalchogenide glasses, etc.) brought about the use the plural form of the 4 generic glass denomination, in order to be able to index each emerging glass family by its proper name, as well as to classify them methodically. Together with its great compositional versatility, the peculiar characteristics of glass (non-crystalline structure with short-range order, continuous network with no intergranular boundaries, isotropy, easy to be formed into a plastic state inside a wide temperature range) allow for a freedom of design and adaptability that few materials are able to offer. All these circumstances have contributed to the fact that, in the last seventy years, glass has acquired the multiple and varied appearance of its new families, without losing neither its original image nor its soda-lime-silica traditional composition, destined for the huge industrial manufacture of its conventional products.

Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses

Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses Book
Author : Peter Thielen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses book written by Peter Thielen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Semiconductors and Semimetals

Semiconductors and Semimetals Book
Author : Robert Fairman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780127521879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Semiconductors and Semimetals book written by Robert Fairman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.