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Cerium Oxide Ceo₂ Synthesis Properties And Applications

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Cerium Oxide CeO2 Synthesis Properties and Applications

Cerium Oxide  CeO2   Synthesis  Properties and Applications Book
Author : Salvatore Scire,Leonardo Palmisano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-21
ISBN : 0128156627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cerium Oxide (CeO2): Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides an updated and comprehensive account of the research in the field of cerium oxide based materials. The book is divided into three main blocks that deal with its properties, synthesis and applications. Special attention is devoted to the growing number of applications of ceria based materials, including their usage in industrial and environmental catalysis and photocatalysis, energy production and storage, sensors, cosmetics, radioprotection, glass technology, pigments, stainless steel and toxicology. A brief historical introduction gives users background, and a final chapter addresses future perspectives and outlooks to stimulate future research. The book is intended for a wide audience, including students, academics and industrial researchers working in materials science, chemistry and physics. Addresses a wide range of applications of ceria-based materials, including catalysis, energy production and storage, sensors, cosmetics and toxicology Provides the fundamentals of ceria-based materials, including synthesis methods, materials properties, toxicology and surface chemistry Includes nanostructured ceria-based materials and a discussion of future prospects and outlooks

Bimetallic Catalysts

Bimetallic Catalysts Book
Author : John H. Sinfelt
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 1983-09-29
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents an account of the research on bimetallic catalysts. Focuses attention on the possibility of influencing the selectivity of chemical transformations on metal surfaces and preparing metal alloys in a highly dispersed state. Covers the validation and elucidation of the bimetallic cluster concept. Includes figures and tables.

Catalysis by Materials with Well Defined Structures

Catalysis by Materials with Well Defined Structures Book
Author : Zili Wu,Steven H. Overbury
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-03-26
ISBN : 0128013400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures examines the latest developments in the use of model systems in fundamental catalytic science. A team of prominent experts provides authoritative, first-hand information, helping readers better understand heterogeneous catalysis by utilizing model catalysts based on uniformly nanostructured materials. The text addresses topics and issues related to material synthesis, characterization, catalytic reactions, surface chemistry, mechanism, and theoretical modeling, and features a comprehensive review of recent advances in catalytic studies on nanomaterials with well-defined structures, including nanoshaped metals and metal oxides, nanoclusters, and single sites in the areas of heterogeneous thermal catalysis, photocatalysis, and electrocatalysis. Users will find this book to be an invaluable, authoritative source of information for both the surface scientist and the catalysis practitioner Outlines the importance of nanomaterials and their potential as catalysts Provides detailed information on synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials with well-defined structures, relating surface activity to catalytic activity Details how to establish the structure-catalysis relationship and how to reveal the surface chemistry and surface structure of catalysts Offers examples on various in situ characterization instrumental techniques Includes in-depth theoretical modeling utilizing advanced Density Functional Theory (DFT) methods

Handbook of Hydrogen Energy

Handbook of Hydrogen Energy Book
Author : S.A. Sherif,D. Yogi Goswami,E.K. (Lee) Stefanakos,Aldo Steinfeld
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-29
ISBN : 1420054473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Can hydrogen and electricity supply all of the world’s energy needs? Handbook of Hydrogen Energy thoroughly explores the notion of a hydrogen economy and addresses this question. The handbook considers hydrogen and electricity as a permanent energy system and provides factual information based on science. The text focuses on a large cross section of applications such as fuel cells and catalytic combustion of hydrogen. The book also includes information on inversion curves, physical and thermodynamic tables, and properties of storage materials, data on specific heats, and compressibility and temperature–entropy charts and more. Analyzes the principles of hydrogen energy production, storage, and utilization Examines electrolysis, thermolysis, photolysis, thermochemical cycles, and production from biomass and other hydrogen production methods Covers all modes of hydrogen storage: gaseous, liquid, slush, and metal hydride storage Handbook of Hydrogen Energy serves as a resource for graduate students, as well as a reference for energy and environmental engineers and scientists.

Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : A.K. Tyagi,S. Banerjee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-01-13
ISBN : 0128014423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials Under Extreme Conditions: Recent Trends and Future Prospects analyzes the chemical transformation and decomposition of materials exposed to extreme conditions, such as high temperature, high pressure, hostile chemical environments, high radiation fields, high vacuum, high magnetic and electric fields, wear and abrasion related to chemical bonding, special crystallographic features, and microstructures. The materials covered in this work encompass oxides, non-oxides, alloys and intermetallics, glasses, and carbon-based materials. The book is written for researchers in academia and industry, and technologists in chemical engineering, materials chemistry, chemistry, and condensed matter physics. Describes and analyzes the chemical transformation and decomposition of a wide range of materials exposed to extreme conditions Brings together information currently scattered across the Internet or incoherently dispersed amongst journals and proceedings Presents chapters on phenomena, materials synthesis, and processing, characterization and properties, and applications Written by established researchers in the field

Sol Gel Processing and Applications

Sol Gel Processing and Applications Book
Author : Y.A. Attia
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461525705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During my professional career, I developed a strong interest in sol-gel technology, and worked on both xerogel and aerogel systems. My fascination with aerogels has driven me to explore their commercial potential, which is currently an important component of my company's business plan. Together with my co-workers, I have also worked on the preparation of controlled PZT and silica xerogels as well as thin film coatings of metals by the sol-gel technology, These experiences convinced me of the tremendous potentials of this technology. A conviction that is shared by many scientists, engineers, and business leaders around the globe. Many sol-gel derived products are already articles of commerce. However, to expand the commercial potential of sol-gel technology, two challenges must be met: (1) the quality of sol-gel derived products must continue to meet or exceed the quality of competing products, (2) the production cost of sol-gel products (specially aerogels) must continued to decline. A key to lowering the costs of sol-gel products is finding inexpensive precursors.

Cancer Drug Resistance

Cancer Drug Resistance Book
Author : Beverly A. Teicher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-09
ISBN : 1597450359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading experts summarize and synthesize the latest discoveries concerning the changes that occur in tumor cells as they develop resistance to anticancer drugs, and suggest new approaches to preventing and overcoming it. The authors review physiological resistance based upon tumor architecture, cellular resistance based on drug transport, epigenetic changes that neutralize or bypass drug cytotoxicity, and genetic changes that alter drug target molecules by decreasing or eliminating drug binding and efficacy. Highlights include new insights into resistance to antiangiogenic therapies, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in therapeutic resistance, cancer stem cells, and the development of more effective therapies. There are also new findings on tumor immune escape mechanisms, gene amplification in drug resistance, the molecular determinants of multidrug resistance, and resistance to taxanes and Herceptin.

Oxygen in Catalysis

Oxygen in Catalysis Book
Author : Adam Bielanski,Jerzy Haber
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1990-11-29
ISBN : 9780824783204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A description of catalytic systems commonly used as model systems in the laboratory and as industrial catalysts in large-scale operations, and a discussion of the mechanisms operating in these reactions. Attempts to describe the elementary steps by quantum chemical methods are also shown, as are rec

Functional Oxides

Functional Oxides Book
Author : Duncan W. Bruce,Dermot O'Hare,Richard I. Walton
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-29
ISBN : 9781119972945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional oxides have a wide variety of applications in the electronic industry. The discovery of new metal oxides with interesting and useful properties continues to drive much research in chemistry, physics, and materials science. In Functional Oxides five topical areas have been selected to illustrate the importance of metal oxides in modern materials chemistry: Noncentrosymmetric Inorganic Oxide Materials Geometrically Frustrated Magnetic Materials Lithium Ion Conduction in Oxides Thermoelectric Oxides Transition Metal Oxides - Magnetoresistance and Half-Metallicity The contents highlight structural chemistry, magnetic and electronic properties, ionic conduction and other emerging areas of importance, such as thermoelectricity and spintronics. Functional Oxides covers these complex concepts in a clear and accessible manner providing an excellent introduction to this broad subject area.

Spillover and Mobility of Species on Solid Surfaces

Spillover and Mobility of Species on Solid Surfaces Book
Author : A. Guerrero-Ruiz,I. Rodriguez-Ramos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-08-02
ISBN : 9780080539744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Spillover and Mobility of Species and Solid Surfaces" collects the papers which were presented at the Fifth International Conference Spillover, either as oral or poster contributions, as well as the summaries of the invited lectures. This congress and its publication in the Studies on Surface Science and Catalysis series follow the tradition of previous conferences on spillover, initiated in Lyon, 1983, and continued in Leipzig, 1989, Kyoto 1993 and Dalian, 1997. For the fifth conference, held in S.L. el Escorial (Madrid), the organising committee has attempted to compile representative contributions which illustrate the advances in understanding the spillover phenomenon since 1997. Spillover is a process taking place during the interface of gas reactant molecules (mainly hydrogen and oxygen) on solid surfaces. However, different contributions to the more general area of the chemistry at surfaces, related with the mobility and migration of species, diffusion through membranes, fuel cell catalysts, etc., have also been included. In fact the title of the present volume summarizes this attempt to extend the conference topics towards dynamics at surfaces. Among the 70 contributions received, the 56 accepted papers were selected on the basis of the reports of at least two international reviewers, according to standards comparable to those applied for other specialised journals. These papers are from 21 different countries.

Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides

Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides Book
Author : Gertjan Koster,M Huijben,Guus Rijnders
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-14
ISBN : 1782422552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The atomic arrangement and subsequent properties of a material are determined by the type and conditions of growth leading to epitaxy, making control of these conditions key to the fabrication of higher quality materials. Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides reviews the techniques involved in such processes and highlights recent developments in fabrication quality which are facilitating advances in applications for electronic, magnetic and optical purposes. Part One reviews the key techniques involved in the epitaxial growth of complex metal oxides, including growth studies using reflection high-energy electron diffraction, pulsed laser deposition, hybrid molecular beam epitaxy, sputtering processes and chemical solution deposition techniques for the growth of oxide thin films. Part Two goes on to explore the effects of strain and stoichiometry on crystal structure and related properties, in thin film oxides. Finally, the book concludes by discussing selected examples of important applications of complex metal oxide thin films in Part Three. Provides valuable information on the improvements in epitaxial growth processes that have resulted in higher quality films of complex metal oxides and further advances in applications for electronic and optical purposes Examines the techniques used in epitaxial thin film growth Describes the epitaxial growth and functional properties of complex metal oxides and explores the effects of strain and defects

Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Anil Mahapatro,Ankur S. Kulshrestha
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 2008-04-17
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on applications of polymers for biomedical applications has increased dramatically to find improved medical plastics for this rapidly evolving field. This book brings together various aspects of recent research and developments within academia and industry related to polymers for biomedical applications.

Ceramic Conductors

Ceramic Conductors Book
Author : Maria Gazda,Aleksandra Mielewczyk-Gryń
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-05-24
ISBN : 3038979562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue of Crystals contains papers focusing on various properties of conducting ceramics. Multiple aspects of both the research and application of this group of materials have been addressed. Conducting ceramics are the wide group of mostly oxide materials which play crucial roles in various technical applications, especially in the context of the harvesting and storage of energy. Without ion-conducting oxides, such as yttria-stabilized zirconia, doped ceria devices such as solid oxide fuel cells would not exist, not to mention the wide group of other ion conductors which can be applied in batteries or even electrolyzers, besides fuel cells. The works published in this Special Issue tackle experimental results as well as general theoretical trends in the field of ceramic conductors, or electroceramics, as it is often referred to.

Chemical Properties of Material Surfaces

Chemical Properties of Material Surfaces Book
Author : Marek Kosmulski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-07-18
ISBN : 9780585418049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A discussion of the adsorption of inorganics from aqueous solution on inorganic adsorbents. It emphasizes the relationship between adsorption and surface charging, highlighting simple and complex adsorption systems sorted by the adsorbent as well as the adsorbate. The author includes a comprehensive collection of pristine PZC of different materials - covering crystallographic structure, methods of preparation, impurities in the solid, temperature and ionic composition of the solution, experimental methods to determine PZC, and the correlation between zero points and other physical quantities.

Carbon Dioxide as Chemical Feedstock

Carbon Dioxide as Chemical Feedstock Book
Author : Michele Aresta
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-01-26
ISBN : 9783527629923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filling the need for an up-to-date handbook, this ready reference closely investigates the use of CO2 for ureas, enzymes, carbamates, and isocyanates, as well as its use as a solvent, in electrochemistry, biomass utilization and much more. Edited by an internationally renowned and experienced researcher, this is a comprehensive source for every synthetic chemist in academia and industry.

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Bharat A. Bhanvase,Shirish Sonawane,Vijay B. Pawade,Aniruddha B. Pandit
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-05
ISBN : 0128214996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment: Fundamentals and Scale up Issues provides coverage of the nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment, covering photocatalytic nanocomposite materials, nanomaterials used as adsorbents, water remediation processes, and their current status and challenges. The book explores the major applications of nanomaterials for effective catalysis and adsorption, also providing in-depth information on the properties and application of new advanced nanomaterials for wastewater treatment processes. This is an important reference source for researchers who need to solve basic and advanced problems relating to the use of nanomaterials for the development of wastewater treatment processes and technologies. As nanotechnology has the potential to substantially improve current water and wastewater treatment processes, the synthesis methods and physiochemical properties of nanomaterials and noble metal nanoparticles make their performance and mechanisms efficient for the treatment of various pollutants. Explains the properties of the most commonly used nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment Describes the major nanoscale synthesis and processing techniques for wastewater treatment Assesses the major challenges for using nanomaterials on a mass scale for wastewater treatment

Nanomaterials for Security

Nanomaterials for Security Book
Author : Janez Bonča,Sergei Kruchinin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-20
ISBN : 9401775931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprises 25 contributions focussed on nanotechnology for sensor applications. They stem from presentations at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop "Nanomaterials for Security". The chapters cover a broad but interrelated range of topics, including nanophysics, nanotechnology, nanomaterials, sensors, biosensor security systems, and explosive detection. They reflect many significant advances over the past two years as well as some entirely new directions of research that are just beginning to be explored.

Heterogeneous Gold Catalysts and Catalysis

Heterogeneous Gold Catalysts and Catalysis Book
Author : Zhen Ma,Sheng Dai
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2014-09-10
ISBN : 184973917X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Once considered an inert element, gold has recently gained attention as a catalyst. With hundreds of papers being published each year, this book presents a comprehensive review of this rapidly-evolving field, with contributions by leading experts across the globe. Going through the chapters citing the primary literature, the reader will gain a thorough background to the use of gold in catalysis, as well as the latest methods for the preparation of gold catalysts. Other chapters demonstrate the characterisation and modelling of gold-catalysed reactions, with consideration given to both the fundamentals and commercial applications of this emerging group of catalysts.Written to be accessible by postgraduates and newcomers to the field, this book will also benefit experienced researchers and therefore be an essential reference in the laboratory.

Research Anthology on Synthesis Characterization and Applications of Nanomaterials

Research Anthology on Synthesis  Characterization  and Applications of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-03-19
ISBN : 1799887367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of nanotechnologies continues to grow, as nanomaterials have proven their versatility and use in many different fields and industries within the scientific profession. Using nanotechnology, materials can be made lighter, more durable, more reactive, and more efficient leading nanoscale materials to enhance many everyday products and processes. With many different sizes, shapes, and internal structures, the applications are endless. These uses range from pharmaceutics to materials such as cement or cloth, electronics, environmental sustainability, and more. Therefore, there has been a recent surge of research focused on the synthesis and characterizations of these nanomaterials to better understand how they can be used, their applications, and the many different types. The Research Anthology on Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications of Nanomaterials seeks to address not only how nanomaterials are created, used, or characterized, but also to apply this knowledge to the multidimensional industries, fields, and applications of nanomaterials and nanoscience. This includes topics such as both natural and manmade nanomaterials; the size, shape, reactivity, and other essential characteristics of nanomaterials; challenges and potential effects of using nanomaterials; and the advantages of nanomaterials with multidisciplinary uses. This book is ideally designed for researchers, engineers, practitioners, industrialists, educators, strategists, policymakers, scientists, and students working in fields that include materials engineering, engineering science, nanotechnology, biotechnology, microbiology, drug design and delivery, medicine, and more.

Molecular Spectroscopy of Oxide Catalyst Surfaces

Molecular Spectroscopy of Oxide Catalyst Surfaces Book
Author : Anatoli Davydov
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2003-06-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As in the study of transition metal complexes in solution, molecular spectroscopic methods - principally the infrared, ultraviolet/visible and electron spin resonance spectroscopies - have played key roles in establishing the concepts of coordination chemistry occurring at the surfaces of solids. This book describes the development of the principals of coordination chemistry of oxide surfaces using analyses of data obtained by these methods. The nature, properties, concentration of the surface adsorption centers and their influence on the character of interaction with different molecules are investigated. The book commences with an account of the basic theoretical principles and experimental techniques of the various spectroscopy methods, with special attention devoted to in situ measurements where the oxide or catalyst sample is in contact with the adsorbate or the reactant. A detailed account is presented of the methods for characterizing the oxidation state and degree of coordination of surface cations and oxygen anions by the adsorption of probe molecules. The complexation of many inorganic, organometallic and organic molecules with different oxide systems is critically examined, and a classification of formed surface compounds, based on the interaction with definite type of adsorption centers, is given. Possible mechanisms of numerous catalytic reactions, including the transformation of organic molecules over acidic catalysts via the carboionic mechanism, are discussed using the spectroscopic identifications of reaction intermediates. A comprehensive analysis of the literature on the interpretation of the spectra of surface compounds on oxides is presented. This highly illustrated and extensively referenced volume is intended for specialists working in the fields of surface physical chemistry, surface and materials sciences, and adsorption phenomena and is essential reading for those involved in the heterogeneous catalysis by transition metal-oxides.