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Cerebrospinal Fluid In Neurologic Disorders

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Cerebrospinal Fluid in Neurologic Disorders

Cerebrospinal Fluid in Neurologic Disorders Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-17
ISBN : 0128043245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cerebrospinal Fluid in Neurologic Disorders, Volume 146 provides a brief overview on the current use of CSF in clinical routine, the physiology of CSF, and its usefulness and potential as a biomarker. The second part addresses the main purpose of the volume, describing CSF from a research perspective in context with the most important diagnostic entities in neurology. The book's authors provide insight into the current understanding of CSF changes in these various conditions and what it tells us about the nature of neurological diseases. Furthermore, methodological aspects are discussed, as are shortcomings that need to be addressed. Finally, the book provides an outlook for potential directions that can be explored to improve the various aspects of CSF research with the ultimate goal of being incorporated in clinical practice. Provides a brief overview on the current use of CSF in clinical routine, the physiology of CSF, and its usefulness and potential as a biomarker Addresses relevant research in context with the most important diagnostic entities in neurology Edited by leading authors in CSF research from around the globe, presenting the broadest, most expert coverage available

Cerebrospinal Fluid in Neurology and Psychiatry

Cerebrospinal Fluid in Neurology and Psychiatry Book
Author : Joseph R. Bianchine,H. McConnell
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1489933727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientists have speculated as to the nature of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) - "the third circulation" or "vital spirit" for centuries. Just what is this mysterious bathing solution of the central nervous system? Is it a vehicle of transport for an "animal spirit" directing all our activities, as thought by Galen (Singer, 1956) or but a "modified tap water" (Halliburton, 1917)? With the advent of lumbar puncture, cerebrospinal fluid has become a readily available and important means of studying disease affecting the nervous system. In recent years, many sophisticated tools including com puter guided gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography have made it possible to identify and quantify many constituents of this fluid. The CSF has an enormous, though largely "untapped", potential in aiding diagnosis and evaluating treatment of many neurological, psychiatric and systemic disorders. As the ependyma is only a diffusional barrier between the CSF and extracellular fluid of the brain for many compounds, changes in the concentration of these compounds in the CSF may reflect disease processes in the brain.

Cerebrospinal Fluid in Clinical Neurology

Cerebrospinal Fluid in Clinical Neurology Book
Author : Florian Deisenhammer,Finn Sellebjerg,Charlotte E Teunissen,Hayrettin Tumani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-02-05
ISBN : 3319012258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is an invaluable diagnostic tool in clinical neurology, not only in the evaluation of inflammatory, degenerative, and malignant diseases of the nervous system, but also in the diagnosis of all forms of cerebral and subarachnoidal bleedings. The CSF can be easily obtained by lumbar puncture and a set of basic analyses can be conducted using relatively simple laboratory methods. By combining different CSF parameters, a wide range of diagnostic entities can be identified. However, properly interpreting the test results requires a high level of expertise and cannot be achieved by just reporting on individual analytic values. This book covers essential aspects of cerebrospinal fluid analysis and its use in the diagnosis of common neurological diseases. The first part addresses preclinical aspects such as the history of CSF, as well as the anatomical, physiological, and biological background of this valuable fluid. In addition, CSF collection, its preanalytical and methodological implications, and the increasing number of disease-specific markers in CSF are discussed in detail. Lastly, CSF analyses are put into context with clinical syndromes, demonstrating their diagnostic value in neurological clinical practice. Cerebrospinal Fluid in Clinical Neurology helps readers understand the preanalytical and analytical aspects of CSF diagnostics and offers a valuable reference guide for interpreting CSF results during the clinical work-up for neurological patients.

Cerebrospinal Fluid in Diseases of the Nervous System

Cerebrospinal Fluid in Diseases of the Nervous System Book
Author : Robert A. Fishman
Publisher : W B Saunders Company
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive and authoritative text covers the anatomical and physiological aspects of cerebrospinal fluid. Also includes material on differential diagnosis, AIDS, neuro-oncology, psychiatric disorders, and the composition and clinical examination of cerebrospinal fluid, including a detailed discussion on the treatment of complications of the lumbar puncture.

The Cerebrospinal Fluid

The Cerebrospinal Fluid Book
Author : Robert M. Herndon,Roger A. Brumback
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461315913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For centuries the great minds of medical science puzzled over the importance of the cerebrospinal fluid. As far back as Hippocrates, it was thought that this "phlegm" that flooded the intracranial contents had pathological significance. However, not until the late 1800s, when Quincke introduced and popularized lumbar puncture, did physicians take an interest in the study of this fluid in relation to clinical illness. Since then a variety of techniques for obtaining cerebrospinal fluid from various sites have developed, and the relationship of cerebrospinal fluid to a variety of disease processes has received considerable study. In this volume, we have attempted to assemble reviews of some of these important developments during the past century. Chapter 1 contains a historical review of key investigations that helped shape our concepts of cerebrospinal fluid from the earliest recorded description by the author of the Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus in the seventeenth century B. C. to contemporaries such as Kabat, Glusman, and Knaub, who introduced quantitative determinations of cerebrospinal fluid gamma globulin levels. In Chapter 2 there is a description of our current understanding of the anatomical compartment for the cerebrospinal fluid and the physiology of its formation, circulation, and absorption. Dr. Richard Leech in Chapter 3 contributes a comprehensive description of the disorders associated with excessive quanti ties of cerebrospinal fluid-commonly referred to as hydrocephalus. A variety of techniques for properly collecting and evaluating cerebrospinal fluid are detailed in Chapter 4.

Cerebrospinal Fluid

Cerebrospinal Fluid Book
Author : Vendelin Slavik,Tereza Dolezal
Publisher : Nova Biomedical
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9781620810170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)is a clear colorless fluid and the major part of the extracellular fluid of the central nervous system. The CSF fills the brain ventricles and central spinal canal and forms a thin layer around the brain and spinal cord in the subarachnoid space and cisterns. In this book, the authors present current research in the study of the functions, composition and disorders relating to the cerebrospinal fluid. Topics include the proteomics of cerebral microdialysate; neuronal cytoskeleton components in cerebrospinal fluid in selected neurological diseases; composition of normal and pathological cerebrospinal fluid in neuropathology; cerebrospinal fluid flow dynamics; and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease.

New Cerebrospinal Fluid Research to Uncover Mechanisms Driving Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases

New Cerebrospinal Fluid Research to Uncover Mechanisms Driving Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases Book
Author : Thomas Skripuletz,Oivind Torkildsen,Refik Pul,Kurt-Wolfram Sühs
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-12-18
ISBN : 2889661806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Cerebrospinal Fluid Research to Uncover Mechanisms Driving Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases book written by Thomas Skripuletz,Oivind Torkildsen,Refik Pul,Kurt-Wolfram Sühs, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

European Handbook of Neurological Management

European Handbook of Neurological Management Book
Author : Nils Erik Gilhus,Michael R. Barnes,Michael Brainin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-10-04
ISBN : 1444346245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evidence-based, peer reviewed, best practice management guidelines for neurologists Diagnosis is only part of the puzzle. Effective treatment is what your patients really want. The European Federation of Neurological Societies has been publishing management guidelines in the European Journal of Neurology for many years. Developed by a consensus approach, using graded evidence, and then fully peer reviewed, these guidelines provide gold-standard, best-practice guidance to the treatment of neurological disorders. They help bridge the gap between what is done and what should be done for patients with neurological disorders. The basic guidelines have been expanded with 'Recommendations' based on strong evidence and 'Good Practice Points' where only weaker evidence is available. The Guidelines in this volume include, amongst others: Neurostimulation therapy for neuropathic pain Molecular diagnosis for a range of neurological conditions Intravenous immunoglobulin in the treatment of neurological diseases Sleep disorders in neurodegenerative disorders and stroke Management of low-grade gliomas Treatment of miscellaneous idiopathic headache disorders The European Handbook of Neurological Management provides a thoroughly rounded and grounded approach to best-practice neurological management using evidence-based principles. Titles of related interest Cerebrovascular Ultrasound in Stroke Prevention, 2e Alexandrov (ed); ISBN 9781405195768 Parkinsons's Disease: Non-Motor and Non-Dopaminergic Features Olanow, Stocchi and Lang (eds); ISBN 9781405191852 Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment Albanese and Jankovic (eds); ISBN 9781444333527

Cerebrospinal Fluid Potassium in Neurological Disorders

Cerebrospinal Fluid Potassium in Neurological Disorders Book
Author : William M. Honeyman,Raymund Lull Zwemer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1938
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cerebrospinal Fluid Potassium in Neurological Disorders book written by William M. Honeyman,Raymund Lull Zwemer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cerebrospinal Fluid in Clinical Practice

Cerebrospinal Fluid in Clinical Practice Book
Author : David N. Irani
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1416029087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given the evolution of cerebrospinal testing (CSF) testing methods, the near future is certain to see an explosion of new CSF analysis methodologies. Broad-based and extensively illustrated, Cerebrospinal Fluid in Clinical Practice provides in-depth coverage of CSF examination and analysis, CSF physiology and pathophysiology, approach to diagnosis, and future directions in CSF analysis. It examines the alterations of the composition of CSF in relation to diseases and disorders of the nervous system, emphasizing the findings that are useful in clinical practice. This expansive reference is perfect regardless of your level of experience in central nervous system diseases. Provides in-depth coverage of CSF examination and analysis, CSF physiology and pathophysiology, approach to diagnosis, and future directions in CSF analysis. Explores the gamut of all CNS infections for a broad but detailed review of the scope of neurological disease. Contains detailed discussion on the proper use of specific diagnostic screens on CSF, so you may gain knowledge on how new diagnostic methods impact clinical medicine. Incorporates extensive illustrations and tables, with visual emphasis on diagnostic, laboratory, and anatomic data.

Inflammatory Disorders of the Nervous System

Inflammatory Disorders of the Nervous System Book
Author : Alireza Minagar,J. Steven Alezander
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-06
ISBN : 1588294242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A cutting-edge review of the fundamental biological principles underlying the more common inflammatory disorders of the nervous system. The authors provide extensive updates on the latest findings concerning the mechanisms of inflammation and introduce such new concepts and methodologies as "endothelial and leukocyte microparticles" and "gene microarray technology" to help explain important links between the central nervous system (CNS) and general inflammatory processes. Among the diseases examined from an inflammatory perspective are multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, CNS vasculitis, neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosis, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. The role of the immune system in neuroinflammation is also explored in such disorders as neurosarcoidois, HIV-Associated dementia, and HTLV-associated neurological disorders.

Laboratory Diagnosis in Neurology

Laboratory Diagnosis in Neurology Book
Author : Brigitte Wildemann,Patrick Oschmann
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 3131495715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Up-to-date, comprehensive, and beautifully illustrated, Laboratory Diagnosis in Neurology presents all the measuring parameters and methods relevant to the analysis of cerebrospinal fluid, serum, and tissues affected by neurologic disease and syndromes. Following an introduction to basic concepts, the book guides clinicians through the methods of CSF analysis, neurochemical examinations, clinical applications of neuroimmunology, microbiology and virology, neurogenetic tests, and evaluation of biopsies. Readers will learn about the equipment and various procedures, and how to effectively differentiate similar methods. In the final section of the book, the authors provide a systematic introduction to the pathophysiology and laboratory findings for specific clinical disorders, indications for particular test methods, and criteria for diagnostic interpretation.Key features: Clear presentation of pearls, pitfalls, and practical tips in blue boxes for at-a-glance review Contributions by neurologists, psychiatrists with experience in laboratory analysis, clinical chemists, and neurochemists More than 140 high-quality illustrations, mostly in full color, demonstrating common findings Appendix with basic rules for interpreting disease-specific patterns, recommendations for quality control, and a list of the most important reference values An indispensable tool for neurologists, laboratory physicians, and pathologists, this book is also a valuable reference for neurosurgeons, internists, and psychiatrists.

Enzymes of Human Cerebrospinal Fluid in Normal Conditions and Neurological Disorders

Enzymes of Human Cerebrospinal Fluid in Normal Conditions and Neurological Disorders Book
Author : Paavo Johannes Riekkinen,Urpo Rinne
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Enzymes of Human Cerebrospinal Fluid in Normal Conditions and Neurological Disorders book written by Paavo Johannes Riekkinen,Urpo Rinne, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Manual of Pediatric Neurology

Manual of Pediatric Neurology Book
Author : Pedro Weisleder,E. Steve Roach
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9814324191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Manual of Pediatric Neurology is an easy-to-read and easy-to-access text based on clinical scenarios. Emphasis is placed on signs and symptoms, diagnostic tests as needed, and practical advice on treatment for childhood neurologic disorders. The book comprises a collection of chapters that address frequently encountered pediatric scenarios in all clinical settings. These include the management of seizures in the emergency department, treatment of epilepsy in the outpatient setting, acute management of headaches and many more. The book also covers topics juxtaposed to neurology such as neonatal neurology, neurogenetics, and the management of stroke in children. Special attention is placed on commonly encountered neurological conditions such as Tourette' syndrome, neuromuscular illnesses, and CNS infections. Interpretation of frequently used tests such as EEG, CSF analysis, and nerve conduction testing is also covered. Finally, one chapter is devoted to the care of child neurology patients at the end of life, i.e. palliative care.

Cerebrospinal Fluid Gamma aminobutyric Acid Variations in Neurological Disorders

Cerebrospinal Fluid Gamma aminobutyric Acid Variations in Neurological Disorders Book
Author : S.J. Enna,Lawrence Z. Stern,Gregory J. Wastek,Henry I. Yamamura
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cerebrospinal Fluid Gamma aminobutyric Acid Variations in Neurological Disorders book written by S.J. Enna,Lawrence Z. Stern,Gregory J. Wastek,Henry I. Yamamura, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proteins of the Cerebrospinal Fluid

Proteins of the Cerebrospinal Fluid Book
Author : Edward J. Thompson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-07-14
ISBN : 9780080460093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The analysis of the protein content of the Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) is a central tool in the diagnosis of a number of diseases, including Multiple Sclerosis and Encephalitis. Proteins of the Cerebrospinal Fluid is a complete revision of the first edition published 16 years ago and reflects the advances in the field in that period. Containing the most comprehensive reference list available today with over 1300 references cross-indexed according to topics, it also includes many classical works that cannot be easily found through the public literature database (like PubMed). This book covers new areas of research such as the use of the analysis of protein content in the CSF to guide the prognosis of patients with severe head injury and/or stroke (currently being tested using technology which can be applied at the bedside to yield results within 15 minutes). With many new or completely revised illustrations, this book serves as not only a reference on the topic, but also a lab manual for bench work with recipes, and a clinical reference on individual diseases. Introduces the Eastern blotting, the technique considered the "gold standard" by the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) for the demonstration of IgG by immunofixation following isoelectric focusing Provides numerous tables for ease-of-use Extensively cross-referenced with over 1300 references

Atlas of Clinical Neurology

Atlas of Clinical Neurology Book
Author : Roger N. Rosenberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-02-08
ISBN : 1573403598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The newly revised, comprehensive, four-color Atlas of Clinical Neurology is extensively updated with reference to current literature. The new third edition organizes the highest-quality images from the field of clinical neurology, including clinical syndromes, for neurologists and clinicians. The atlas highlights the enormous strides being made in the biologic understanding of neurologic disease, covering developmental and genetic diseases, neuroendocrine disorders, critical care neurology, cerebrovascular disease, dementias, behavioral neurology, neuro-oncology, movement disorders, epilepsy, neuromuscular diseases, infectious diseases, neuroimmunology, neurotoxic disorders, and headache. This indispensable collection contains over 1300 images including algorithms, tables, charts, and schematic drawings.

Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry

Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry Book
Author : E. A. Spiegel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-30
ISBN : 1483221652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry: An Annual Review, Volume 22 covers the significant advances in the understanding of neurophysiology, neuro-ophthalmology, and psychiatry. This volume is organized into four sections encompassing 33 chapters that also deal with the neurological aspects of pain and motor disorders. The first part discusses the fundamentals of neuroanatomy, general and regional neurophysiology, neuropathology, and the pharmacological aspects of the central nervous system. The second part examines the diagnosis, symptoms, and clinical features of neurological disorders. This part also explores the anatomical aspects of neuro-ophthalmology, otoneurology, and pediatric neurology. The third part reviews the surgical treatments for various neuro-related problems, including trauma, brain tumors, pain, and motor disorders. The fourth part considers the application of clinical psychiatry to the diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorders, both in children and adults. This book will prove useful to neurologists, clinicians, pediatricians, and psychiatrists.