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Ceramic Nanocomposites

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Ceramic Nanocomposites

Ceramic Nanocomposites Book
Author : Rajat Banerjee,Indranil Manna
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0857093495
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ceramic nanocomposites have been found to have improved hardness, strength, toughness and creep resistance compared to conventional ceramic matrix composites. Ceramic nanocomposites reviews the structure and properties of these nanocomposites as well as manufacturing and applications. Part one looks at the properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, including thermal shock resistance, flame retardancy, magnetic and optical properties as well as failure mechanisms. Part two deals with the different types of ceramic nanocomposites, including the use of ceramic particles in metal matrix composites, carbon nanotube-reinforced glass-ceramic matrix composites, high temperature superconducting ceramic nanocomposites and ceramic particle nanofluids. Part three details the processing of nanocomposites, including the mechanochemical synthesis of metallic–ceramic composite powders, sintering of ultrafine and nanosized ceramic and metallic particles and the surface treatment of carbon nanotubes using plasma technology. Part four explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in such areas as energy production and the biomedical field. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Ceramic nanocomposites is a technical guide for professionals requiring knowledge of ceramic nanocomposites, and will also offer a deeper understanding of the subject for researchers and engineers within any field dealing with these materials. Reviews the structure and properties of ceramic nanocomposites as well as their manufacturing and applications Examines properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, as well as failure mechanisms Details the processing of nanocomposites and explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in areas such as energy production and the biomedical field

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites Book
Author : N. Garmendia,B. Olalde,I. Obieta
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 012808796X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioceramics and bioceramic composites have been widely used for biomedical applications for the last 50 years. This chapter discusses the advantages of using ceramic nanocomposites. The application of both inert and bioactive ceramics for orthopaedic and dental implants, as well as in the novel field of tissue engineering, is discussed and future trends are presented.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites Book
Author : N.R. Bose
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128087811
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter discusses the performance behaviour of ceramic nanocomposites under conditions of thermal shock, i.e. when they are subjected to sudden changes in temperature during either heating or cooling or may be in flame propagating zones. For example, during emergency shut-downs of gas turbines, cool air is drawn from the still spinning compressor and driven through the hot sections: the temperature at the turbine outlet decreases by more than 800°C within one second and ceramic nanocomposite materials are an appropriate choice for such application. Furthermore, such a situation may arise about 100 times during the lifetime of a modern gas turbine engine. Similarly, in the nuclear industries, apart from the moderate shocks inflicted during start-up and shut-down of the system, the plasma-facing material can suffer rapid heating due to plasma discharge. Thus, when a body is subjected to a rapid temperature change such that non-linear temperature gradients appear, stresses arise due to the differential expansion of each volume element at a different temperature. The design principles for the fabrication of high-performance thermal shock resistant ceramic nanocomposites with improved mechanical properties are highlighted in this chapter. Moreover, the pertinent factors such as interface characteristics, densification methods, superplasticity and the role of nano-size particulate dispersion, which are responsible for the development of thermal shock resistant and flame retardant nanoceramic materials, are addressed and reviewed. Various test methods for the characterisation and evaluation of ceramic nanocomposites are described. Finally, the new concept of materials design for future structural ceramic nanocomposites is discussed for safe applications in high-temperature thermal shock zones.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites Book
Author : A.O. Tonoyan,S.P. Davtyan
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128087897
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter reviews the preparation and study of high-temperature superconducting (SC) nanocomposites based on SC ceramics and various polymeric binders. Regardless of the size of the ceramic grains, any increase in their quantity results in an increase of resistance to rupture and modulus and a decrease in limiting deformation, whilst a similar increase in the average ceramic grain size worsens resistance properties. Investigation of the SC, thermo-chemical, mechanical and dynamic-mechanical properties of the samples are discussed. Superconducting properties of the polymer–ceramic nanocomposites are explained by intercalation of macromolecule fragments into the interstitial layer of the ceramic grains, a phenomenon that leads to a change in the morphological structure of SC nanocomposites.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites Book
Author : B. Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128087951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter covers the electrical conductivity of polymer– ceramic and ceramic–ceramic nanocomposites with a major emphasis on the ionic conductivity. These nanocomposites are potentially important materials as electrolytes for power generation and energy storage devices. The nanocomposites offer major enhancements in ionic conductivity because of an underlying basic physical mechanism emanating from their structure. The basic physical mechanism for conductivity enhancement is the space charge effect. The chapter explains applicability and quantification of the effect for lithium ion conducting nanocomposites. The applicability of the effect can be extended to other lithium ion and oxygen ion conductors. Uses of nanocomposites in energy storage and power generation devices are also covered.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites Book
Author : R. Banerjee,J. Mukherjee
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128087838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoscale constituents in nanocomposites possess excellent optical properties that differ from the macroscale properties. This chapter focuses on the optical properties of nanoscale materials incorporated in glass and ceramics, especially transmittance, absorption, non-linearity and luminescence. The fluorescence property of carbon nanotube–glass composite is a new observation which has hitherto not been studied. All these properties make them a potential material for optical sensors, ultraviolet–infrared shielding windows and other biological applications.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites Book
Author : V. Tomar
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128087854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the most recent developments in ceramics has been the distribution of multiple phases in a ceramic composite at the nanoscopic length scale. An advanced nanocomposite microstructure such as that of polycrystalline silicon carbide (SiC)–silicon nitride (Si3N4) nanocomposites contains multiple length scales with grain boundary thickness of the order of 50nm, SiC particle sizes of the order of 200–300nm and Si3N4 grain sizes of the order of 0.8–1.5μm. Designing the microstructure of such a composite for a targeted set of material properties is, therefore, a daunting task. Since the microstructure involves multiple length scales, multiscale analyses based material design is an appropriate approach for such a task. With this view, this chapter presents an overview of the current state of the art and work performed in this area.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites Book
Author : P. Hvizdoš,P. Tatarko,A. Duszova,J. Dusza
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128087846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter first builds a basic understanding of structural failure and its determining critical factors. It describes typical fracture origins and modes of crack propagation. It then deals with the concept of reinforcing ceramic nanocomposites. Different strategies for preventing failures are discussed, and the influence of microstructure and secondary nanometric phases on friction and wear properties of some ceramic nanocomposites is described.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites Book
Author : F. He
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128087862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter introduces research conducted on metal matrix nanocomposites (MMNCs). The chapter reviews the material system used for MMNCs and explains the principles to choose the reinforcement for metal matrix composites. The mechanical properties of MMNCs fabricated by different processes are summarized and models used to predict and describe the effect of different strengthening mechanisms on MMNCs are introduced. Different approaches used to produce MMNCs are reviewed and categorized.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites Book
Author : K. Wieczorek-Ciurowa
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128087927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chapter discusses several variants of mechanosyntheses for composite powder formation of metal alloy matrices with ceramic particles. The necessity of following progress in mechanochemical processes using different analytical methods is shown. Based on the results of experimental studies on Cu–Al/Al2O3 and Ni-Al/Al2O3 nanocomposite powder formation through mechanochemical synthesis, the method of transforming combustive processes to progressive ones by applying hydroxosalts instead of metal oxides as precursors of composites is described.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites Book
Author : M. Okamoto
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128087978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current research trends on nanocomposite materials for tissue engineering, including strategies for the fabrication of nanocomposite scaffolds with highly porous and interconnected pores, are presented. The results of in-vitro cell culture, used to analyzed the cell–scaffold interaction considering the colonization of mesenchymal stem cells and degradation of the scaffolds in-vitro, are also discussed.

Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials

Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials Book
Author : Brian Cantor
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-10-30
ISBN : 9781420033816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocrystalline materials exhibit remarkable structural, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties, which can be exploited in a wide variety of structural and nonstructural applications. Potential uses have been identified in the automotive, electronic, aerospace, clothing, chemical, fuel, and lubrication industries, with applications ranging from flat panel displays to medical implants. Bringing together contributions from leading researchers in academia and industry throughout Europe and Japan, Novel Nanocrystalline Alloys and Magnetic Nanomaterials presents a valuable overview of this fast moving field. Divided into three sections, the book first describes the fabrication and structural characterization of nanocrystalline and amorphous alloys, such as aluminium, nickel, copper, titanium, and zirconium. The second part examines novel nanocrystalline materials that include nano-optoelectronics, steels manufactured by heavy plastic deformation, and metal-ceramic and ceramic-ceramic nanocomposites. The final section reviews the current understanding of magnetic nanomaterials, including nanograined materials, Ni and Fe nanocrystals, soft magnetic Fe-M-B nanocrystalline alloys, and soft and hard ferromagnetic nanocrystalline alloys. It also explores the industrial applications of these nanomaterials, focusing on their use in the energy and telecommunications fields. Combining key coverage of topical developments with well-informed indications of potential trends, this book lays the groundwork for future advances in nanocrystalline alloys and magnetic nanomaterials.

Hybrid Nanocomposites for Nanotechnology

Hybrid Nanocomposites for Nanotechnology Book
Author : Lhadi Merhari
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-03-03
ISBN : 9780387304281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the latest advances in polymer-inorganic nanocomposites, with particular focus on high-added-value applications in fields including electronics, optics, magnetism and biotechnology. The unique focus of this book is on electronic, optical, magnetic and biomedical applications of hybrid nanocomposites. Coverage includes: Synthesis methods and issues and production scale-up; Characterization methods; Electronic applications; Optical applications and Photonics; Magnetic applications; and Biomedical applications. The book offers readers a solid grasp of the state of the art, and of current challenges in non-traditional applications of hybrid nanocomposites.

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics Book
Author : Dr Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri,Ali Mohammad
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 0128137576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics provides a solid understanding of recent developments in the field of nano-composites used in orthopedics. The book covers joint replacement, the load bearing capability of fractured bones, bone soft tissue regeneration, hard tissue replacement, artificial bone grafting, bone repair, bone tissue transplantations, and related topics, thus helping readers understand how to resolve problems associated with bone fracture and orthopedic surgery. A variety of nanocomposite materials are discussed, with their properties and preparation methods given. Outlines the use of nanotechnology for bone tissue transplantation Describes nanocomposites for bone grafting and artificial bones, also including their properties Includes discussions on tissue engineering of bone and tissue regeneration and transplantation Describes many composite materials and their preparation methods

Processing and Mechanical Properties of Silicon Nitride silicon Carbide Ceramic Nanocomposites Derived from Polymer Precursors

Processing and Mechanical Properties of Silicon Nitride silicon Carbide Ceramic Nanocomposites Derived from Polymer Precursors Book
Author : Matthew J. Gasch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Processing and Mechanical Properties of Silicon Nitride silicon Carbide Ceramic Nanocomposites Derived from Polymer Precursors book written by Matthew J. Gasch, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanocomposites Advanced Materials for Energy and Environmental Aspects

Nanocomposites Advanced Materials for Energy and Environmental Aspects Book
Author : Mohammad Ehtisham Khan,Jeenat Aslam,Chandrabhan Verma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2023-01-25
ISBN : 0323997058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocomposites-Advanced Materials for Energy and Environmental Aspects provides a brief introduction to metal oxides. The book then discusses novel fabrication methodologies and eco-friendly methods for using a broad range of metal oxide-based nanocomposites in innovative ways. Key aspects include fundamental characteristics of environmentally sustainable fabrication of materials for solar power, power generation and the textiles industries. Commercialization and economic aspects that are currently of major significance are also discussed in detail. The book represents an important information resource for material scientists and engineers to create the next generation of products and devices for energy and environmental applications. Metal and metal oxide-based nanocomposites are at the heart of some of the most exciting developments in the field of energy and environmental research. They have exceptional properties and are utilized in electronic and environmental sensing devices, for energy storage, electrode materials, fuel cells, membranes, and more. Covers fabrication, standard characterization and photocatalytic mechanism for a wide range of applications Includes broad ranging metal and metal oxide-based applications covering environmental, energy, electronics, oil, gas, water treatment and sensing Evaluates dye consumption in the textiles industries and the energy related research that will determine options for sustainable and transformational opportunities

Smart Polymer Nanocomposites

Smart Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Nisar Ali,Muhammad Bilal,Adnan Khan,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Ram K. Gupta
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-10-28
ISBN : 0323916120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Polymer Nanocomposites: Design, Synthesis, Functionalization, Properties, and Applications brings together the latest research on synthetic methods and surface functionalization of polymers and polymer composites for advanced applications. Sections cover the basic principles of advanced polymer nanocomposites, including morphology, materials, characterization, and copolymerization, provide in-depth coverage of synthetic methods, facilitating the preparation of polymeric nanoparticles with the required properties, examine the morphologies of polymer nanocomposites and stimuli-responsive surfaces, and focus on cutting-edge approaches to tailoring polymeric nanocomposites according to the requirements. The book's final chapters focus on smart polymer nanocomposites for specific advanced applications, including high-temperature environments, bone tissue regeneration, biomedicine, wastewater treatment, dielectric and energy storage, chiral separation, food packaging, sensing, and drug delivery. This is a valuable resource for researchers and advanced students in polymer science, composite science, nanotechnology, and materials science, as well as those approaching the area from a range of other disciplines, including industry R&D. Covers morphology, architectures, polymer materials, characterization, and polymerization methodologies for polymer nanocomposites Provides novel techniques for the design, synthesis and surface tailoring of polymer nanoparticles to achieve required properties Explores state-of-the-art applications in high temperature environments, biomedicine, environment, sensing, energy storage and food packaging

Advances in Nanocomposite Technology

Advances in Nanocomposite Technology Book
Author : Abbass A. Hashim
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-07-27
ISBN : 9533073470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book "Advances in Nanocomposite Technology" contains 16 chapters divided in three sections. Section one, "Electronic Applications", deals with the preparation and characterization of nanocomposite materials for electronic applications and studies. In section two, "Material Nanocomposites", the advanced research of polymer nanocomposite material and polymer-clay, ceramic, silicate glass-based nanocomposite and the functionality of graphene nanocomposites is presented. The Human and Bioapplications section is describing how nanostructures are synthesized and draw attention on wide variety of nanostructures available for biological research and treatment applications. We believe that this book offers broad examples of existing developments in nanocomposite technology research and an excellent introduction to nanoelectronics, nanomaterial applications and bionanocomposites.

Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites

Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites Book
Author : I M Low
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-01-20
ISBN : 0081021674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites, Second Edition, delivers an innovative approach to ceramic matrix composites, focusing on the latest advances and materials developments. As advanced ceramics and composite materials are increasingly utilized as components in batteries, fuel cells, sensors, high-temperature electronics, membranes and high-end biomedical devices, and in seals, valves, implants, and high-temperature and wear components, this book explores the substantial progress in new applications. Users will gain knowledge of the latest advances in CMCs, with an update on the role of ceramics in the fabrication of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for energy generation, and on natural fiber-reinforced eco-friendly geopolymer and cement composites. The specialized information contained in this book will be highly valuable to researchers and graduate students in ceramic science, engineering and ceramic composites technology, and engineers and scientists in the aerospace, energy, building and construction, biomedical and automotive industries. Provides detailed coverage of parts and processing, properties and applications Includes new developments in the field, such as natural fiber-reinforced composites and the use of CMCs in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Presents state-of-the-art research, enabling the reader to understand the latest applications for CMCs