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Cellular Migration And Formation Of Axons And Dendrites

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Cellular Migration and Formation of Axons and Dendrites

Cellular Migration and Formation of Axons and Dendrites Book
Author : Bin Chen,Kenneth Y. Kwan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-29
ISBN : 0128144084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cellular Migration and Formation of Neuronal Connections, Second Edition, the latest release in the Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience series, presents the latest information on the genetic, molecular and cellular mechanisms of neural development. This book provides a much-needed update that underscores the latest research in this rapidly evolving field, with new section editors discussing the technological advances that are enabling the pursuit of new research on brain development. This volume focuses on the formation of axons and dendrites and cellular migration. Features leading experts in various subfields as section editors and article authors Presents articles that have been peer reviewed to ensure accuracy, thoroughness and scholarship Includes coverage of mechanisms which regulate the formation of axons and dendrites and cellular migration Covers neural activity, from cell-intrinsic maturation, to early correlated patterns of activity

Cellular Migration and Formation of Neuronal Connections

Cellular Migration and Formation of Neuronal Connections Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-05-06
ISBN : 0123973473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The genetic, molecular, and cellular mechanisms of neural development are essential for understanding evolution and disorders of neural systems. Recent advances in genetic, molecular, and cell biological methods have generated a massive increase in new information, but there is a paucity of comprehensive and up-to-date syntheses, references, and historical perspectives on this important subject. The Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience series is designed to fill this gap, offering the most thorough coverage of this field on the market today and addressing all aspects of how the nervous system and its components develop. Particular attention is paid to the effects of abnormal development and on new psychiatric/neurological treatments being developed based on our increased understanding of developmental mechanisms. Each volume in the series consists of review style articles that average 15-20pp and feature numerous illustrations and full references. Volume 2 offers 56 high level articles devoted mainly to Formation of Axons and Dendrites, Migration, Synaptogenesis, Developmental Sequences in the Maturation of Intrinsic and Synapse Driven Patterns. Series offers 144 articles for 2904 full color pages addressing ways in which the nervous system and its components develop Features leading experts in various subfields as Section Editors and article Authors All articles peer reviewed by Section Editors to ensure accuracy, thoroughness, and scholarship Volume 2 sections include coverage of mechanisms which regulate: the formation of axons and dendrites, cell migration, synapse formation and maintenance during development, and neural activity, from cell-intrinsic maturation to early correlated patterns of activity.

Actin Monomer Binding Proteins

Actin Monomer Binding Proteins Book
Author : Pekka Lappalainen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-05-14
ISBN : 0387464077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive view on actin monomer-binding proteins and the mechanisms by which they contribute to actin dynamics and various actin-dependent cellular processes. This new title contains chapters that describe the basic mechanisms of actin dynamics as well as the structural principles by which various actin-binding proteins interact with actin. The book is suitable further reading for students in advanced cell biology classes.

Cortical Development

Cortical Development Book
Author : Gregory R. Bock,Jamie A. Goode
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-02-28
ISBN : 0470994029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To understand the brain and its devastating diseases, we need to reveal the mechanisms that produce it and the ways in which it can constantly change throughout a lifetime. This book features a timely and insightful discussion between developmental neurobiologists and clinicians who deal with disorders of the nervous system. Chapters in this book deal specifically with cell fate determination, cell migration and disorders of cell migration; current concepts and new ideas about cortical arealisation, and disorders which can arise from incorrect arealisation; genes implicated in the development of cortical connectivity and related pathologies such as schizophrenia and synaesthesia; and susceptibility genes for cognitive disorders such as schizophrenia, autism, dyslexia, and attention deficit disorder.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-06-03
ISBN : 0080453961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

The Encyclopedia of Neuropsychological Disorders

The Encyclopedia of Neuropsychological Disorders Book
Author : Arthur MacNeill Horton, Jr., EdD, ABPP, ABPN,Chad A. Noggle, PhD, ABN,Raymond S. Dean, PhD, ABPP, ABN, ABPdN
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2011-10-25
ISBN : 0826198554
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"I am pleased to include this text in my library, and I am confident that it will serve as an excellent resource for years to come."--PsycCRITIQUES This book serves as an A-Z reference that addresses the neuropsychological aspects of 300 neurological, neuropsychiatric, and neuromedical disorders. Each entry follows a 5 section structure that will cover (1) essential features of the disorder (2) physiological basis of the disorder (3) neuropsychological and other clinical presentation (4) assessment and diagnostic practices (5) evidence-based treatments and interventions. This book is written for clinical professionals and students in training to aid in clinical awareness, diagnostic accuracy, and intervention successfulness. The text goes beyond the emotional and behavioral aspects of each disorder and views the broader impacts of the symptoms. This approach emphasizes the importance of looking at the other functional impacts of these manifestations (e.g. cognitive deficits secondary to depression, orthodopaedic ambulation issues). The emphasis on neuropsychological sequelae, physiological basis, and means of diagnosing and treating of 300 conditions across the lifespan make this the most comprehensive resource available to professionals in and around neuropsychology, neuropsychiatry and the behavioral neurosciences. Key Features: Presents 300 highly-structured entries providing disorder features, pathology and physiology, clinical representation, assessment and diagnosis, and evidence-based treatments and interventions Covers neurological, neuropsychiatric, and neuromedical disorders across the lifespan (pediatric, adult, and geriatric populations) Includes interventions and methods of treatment for the outcomes patients may experience

Tissue Engineering and Artificial Organs

Tissue Engineering and Artificial Organs Book
Author : Joseph D. Bronzino,Donald R. Peterson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1420003879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last century, medicine has come out of the "black bag" and emerged as one of the most dynamic and advanced fields of development in science and technology. Today, biomedical engineering plays a critical role in patient diagnosis, care, and rehabilitation. As such, the field encompasses a wide range of disciplines, from biology and physiolo

Tissue Engineering

Tissue Engineering Book
Author : John P. Fisher,Antonios G. Mikos,Joseph D. Bronzino
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-05-30
ISBN : 9781420008333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increasingly viewed as the future of medicine, the field of tissue engineering is still in its infancy. As evidenced in both the scientific and popular press, there exists considerable excitement surrounding the strategy of regenerative medicine. To achieve its highest potential, a series of technological advances must be made. Putting the numerous breakthroughs made in this field into a broad context, Tissue Engineering disseminates current thinking on the development of engineered tissues. Divided into three sections, the book covers the fundamentals of tissue engineering, enabling technologies, and tissue engineering applications. It examines the properties of stem cells, primary cells, growth factors, and extracellular matrix as well as their impact on the development of tissue engineered devices. Contributions focus on those strategies typically incorporated into tissue engineered devices or utilized in their development, including scaffolds, nanocomposites, bioreactors, drug delivery systems, and gene therapy techniques. Finally, the book presents synthetic tissues and organs that are currently under development for regenerative medicine applications. The ability to engineer biocompatible tissue is the hallmark of modern biomedical engineering, integrating all aspects of every sub-discipline in the field. Featuring chapters drawn from the third edition of the best-selling Handbook of Biomedical Engineering as well as new contributions not found in the handbook, Tissue Engineering surveys the latest advances in this relatively young area. The contributing authors are a diverse group with backgrounds in academia, clinical medicine, and industry. Furthermore, the text includes contributions from Europe, Asia, and North America, helping to broaden the views on the development and application of tissue engineered devices.

Principles of Cellular Molecular and Developmental Neuroscience

Principles of Cellular  Molecular  and Developmental Neuroscience Book
Author : Oswald Steward
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461235405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of cellular, molecular, and developmental neuroscience repre sents the interface between the three large, well established fields of neu roscience, cell biology, and molecular biology. In the last 10 to 15 years, this new field has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing and exciting subdisciplines of neuroscience. It is now becoming possible to understand many aspects of nervous system function at the molecular level, and there already are dramatic applications of this information to the treatment of nervous system injury, disease, and genetic disorders. Moreover, there is great optimism that new strategies will emerge soon as a result of the explosion of information. This book was written to introduce students to the major issues, ex perimental strategies, and current knowledge base in cellular, molecular, and developmental neuroscience. The concept for the book arose from a section of an introductory neuroscience course given to first-year medical students at the University of Virginia School of Medicine. The text pre sumes a basic, but not detailed, understanding of nervous system orga nization and function, and a background in biology. It is intended as an appropriate introductory text for first-year medical students or graduate students in neuroscience, neurobiology, psychobiology, or related pro grams;··and for advanced undergraduate students with appropriate back ground in biology and neuroscience. While some of the specific information presented undoubtedly will be outdated rapidly, the "gestalt" of this emerging field of inquiry as presented here should help the beginning stu dent organize new information.

Functional Movement Development Across the Life Span E Book

Functional Movement Development Across the Life Span   E Book Book
Author : Donna J. Cech,Suzanne Tink Martin
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2011-10-05
ISBN : 1437715486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing a solid foundation in the normal development of functional movement, Functional Movement Development Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition helps you recognize and understand movement disorders and effectively manage patients with abnormal motor function. It begins with coverage of basic theory, motor development and motor control, and evaluation of function, then discusses the body systems contributing to functional movement, and defines functional movement outcomes in terms of age, vital functions, posture and balance, locomotion, prehension, and health and illness. This edition includes more clinical examples and applications, and updates data relating to typical performance on standardized tests of balance. Written by physical therapy experts Donna J. Cech and Suzanne "Tink" Martin, this book provides evidence-based information and tools you need to understand functional movement and manage patients' functional skills throughout the life span. Over 200 illustrations, tables, and special features clarify developmental concepts, address clinical implications, and summarize key points relating to clinical practice. A focus on evidence-based information covers development changes across the life span and how they impact function. A logical, easy-to-read format includes 15 chapters organized into three units covering basics, body systems, and age-related functional outcomes respectively. Expanded integration of ICF (International Classification of Function) aligns learning and critical thinking with current health care models. Additional clinical examples help you apply developmental information to clinical practice. Expanded content on assessment of function now includes discussion of participation level standardized assessments and assessments of quality-of-life scales. More concise information on the normal anatomy and physiology of each body system allows a sharper focus on development changes across the lifespan and how they impact function.

Applied Clinical Neuropsychology

Applied Clinical Neuropsychology Book
Author : Jan Leslie Holtz, PhD
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2010-12-20
ISBN : 0826104754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Luring readers in...with meticulously woven clinical vignettes, Holtz masterfully presents the mechanics and the art of neuropsychology....students will appreciate the historical roots of neuropsychology, [and] will understand the multiplex systems of current neuropsychological approaches..." -Nancy S. Koven, PhD Bates College "...there has not been an available text focusing on the application of the basic principles in clinical neuropsychological practice....Finally, a text is available to remedy this problem." -Dennis Andersen, MS, LMHC Eastern Washington University "A valuable introduction to the field of clinical neuropsychology and its terminology, this text fills a void. The reader gains an appreciation for the multifaceted role of the clinical neuropsychologist, not only as an assessor of cognitive functioning but also as a treatment professional." Lauren Littlefield, PhD, Washington College This breakthrough introductory text-unlike all other clinical neuropsychology textbooks on the market-introduces advanced undergraduate students and clinicians in training to the field by showing undergraduate students how clinical neuropsychologists actually practice their craft. The book uncovers the professional issues that clinical neuropsychologists deal with daily, including neurogenerative disorders, acquired disorders, ethical practice issues, interviewing, testing, prognosis and treatment planning, drug prescriptions, and more. Using case studies culled from the author's own clinical work, the book provides students with firsthand accounts of neuropsychology in action. As the first textbook to integrate real, practical applications of neuropsychology, it covers the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of individuals with brain illness or injury, as opposed to examining brain structures and functions alone. This innovative, application-based approach to neuropsychology is guaranteed to give students a clear, comprehensive understanding of what neuropsychology is and what neuropsychologists do. Key features: Covers core concepts of neuropsychology, including neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, brain structure and function, and disorders of the central nervous system Includes application-based topics not covered in traditional texts, such as: differential diagnosis; individual, group, and family therapy; and psychopharmacology Discusses test theory and evaluation, examining tests of intellectual abilities, memory functioning, and more Extensive instructors' ancillary package available with test questions and nearly 100 illustrations in PowerPoint format

Fetal Neonatal Secrets E Book

Fetal   Neonatal Secrets E Book Book
Author : Richard A. Polin,Alan R. Spitzer
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2013-08-27
ISBN : 0323172865
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fetal and Neonatal Secrets by Drs. Richard Polin and Alan Spitzer, uses the success formula of the highly popular Secrets Series to offer fast answers to the most essential clinical questions in fetal and neonatal medicine. With its user-friendly Q&A format, practical tips from neonatologists and fetal medicine experts, and "Key Points" boxes, this portable and easy-to-read medical reference book provides rapid access to the practical knowledge you need to succeed both in practice and on board and recertification exams. "Fetal and Neonatal Secrets is a book with an alternative setup that offers answers to a wide spectrum of clinical questions in the field of fetal and neonatal medicine. The book covers both fetal and neonatal medicine, and could be relevant for junior doctors aiming to become obstetricians or pediatricians." Reviewed by: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, January 2015 Get the evidence-based guidance you need to provide optimal care for your fetal and neonatal patients. Zero in on key fetal and neonatal information with a question and answer format, bulleted lists, mnemonics, and practical tips from the authors. Enhance your reference power with a two-color page layout, "Key Points" boxes, and lists of useful websites. Review essential material efficiently with the "Top 100 Secrets in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine" – perfect for last-minute study or self-assessment. Apply all the latest pediatric advances in clinical fetal neonatology techniques, technology, and pharmacology

High Risk Pregnancy E Book

High Risk Pregnancy E Book Book
Author : David K. James,Philip J. Steer,Carl P. Weiner,Bernard Gonik
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2010-12-03
ISBN : 1455700002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High Risk Pregnancy examines the full range of challenges in general obstetrics, medical complications of pregnancy, prenatal diagnosis, fetal disease, and management of labor and delivery. Drs. David James, Philip J. Steer, Carl P. Weiner, Bernard Gonik, Caroline Crowther, and Stephen Robson present an evidence-based approach to the available management options, equipping you with the most appropriate strategy for each patient. This comprehensive reference features the fully searchable text online at www.expertconsult.com, as well as more than 100 videos of imaging and monitoring. giving you easy access to the resources you need to manage high risk pregnancies. Prepare for clinical challenges and save time in addressing them thanks to expert advice on treatment options from international contributors. Find and apply the information you need quickly and easily through a consistent organization and at-a-glance summary boxes that discuss evidence-based management options. Access the fully searchable text online at www.expertconsult.com, along with links to Medline. View over 140 videos of detailed fetal imaging and monitoring that aid in diagnoses. Tap into recent developments in treatment and management in four new chapters—Global Maternal & Perinatal Health Issues; Recurrent Pregnancy Loss; Surveillance of the Fetus and its Indications; and Training for Obstetric Emergencies. Apply new evidence-based management options to treat genetic and constitutional factors leading to a high-risk pregnancy (such as diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and cardiac disease) through new and expanded coverage of these increasingly common presentations. Reference pregnancy-relevant laboratory values with an updated and comprehensive appendix on "Normal Values in Pregnancy." Effectively manage patients newly diagnosed with hematologic and immunologic malignancies, and explore the available drug options. Confirm your diagnoses with greater confidence thanks to full-color images throughout the text.

The Actin Cytoskeleton in Cell Motility Cancer and Infection

The Actin Cytoskeleton in Cell Motility  Cancer  and Infection Book
Author : Joel Pardee
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1615040064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The cell is no longer considered to be a bag full of enzymes dissolved in a liquid cytoplasm. It is now known that the cytoplasm is an exquisitely ordered structure of properly placed organelles and enzyme complexes that are suspended from an intricate network of structural protein polymers termed the cytoskeleton. All movement of organelles and vesicles within the cell is regulated by this cytoskeleton, and it is clear that the cytoskeleton is responsible for all of the cell's external movement as well. In this lecture, we will consider how the cytoskeleton elicits cell migration.The three main elements of the cytoskeleton are microtubules, intermediate filaments, and actin filaments. Microtubules are essential for (a) intracellular transport within the cytoplasm and transport between the nucleus and cytoplasm, (b) the structure and movement of all cilia and flagella, and (c) the structure of the mitotic spindle and movement of chromosomes on the spindle during cell division. Intermediate filaments give structural integrity to virtually all cells and tissues by providing an intracellular network of flexible cables that strengthen internal cell structure and stabilize cell-to-cell adhesion. It is this intercellular binding property that stably joins epithelial cells together to provide the protective functions of skin and the integrity of the intestinal mucosa.Actin is a highly conserved protein ubiquitous to all eukaryotic cells. Actin is absolutely required for (a) cell migration, (b) the contraction of muscle (both striated and smooth), (c) the structure and function of many cell protrusions (e.g., microvilli, filopodia, lamellopodia, blood platelet projections), (d) division of the cytoplasm (cytokinesis) during telophase of cell mitosis, and (e) movement and placement of organelles within the cell. Actin filaments are also called thin filaments because of their very slender (70 Ã…) diameter.