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Cellular And Animal Models In Human Genomics Research

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Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research

Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-30
ISBN : 012816574X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research provides an indispensable resource for applying comparative genomics in the annotation of disease-gene associated variants that are identified by human genomic sequencing. The book presents a thorough overview of effective protocols for the use of cellular and animal modeling methods to turn lists of plausible genes into causative biomarkers. With chapters written by international experts, the book first addresses the fundamental aspects of using cellular and animal models in genetic and genomic studies, including in-depth examples of specific models and their utility, i.e., yeast, worms, flies, fish, mice and large animals. Protocols for properly conducting model studies, genomic technology, modeling candidate genes vs. genetic variants, integrative modeling, utilizing induced pluripotent stem cells, and employing CRISPR-Cas9 are also discussed in-depth. Provides a thorough, accessible resource that helps researchers and students employ cellular and animal models in their own genetic and genomic studies Offers guidance on how to effectively interpret the results and significance of genetic and genomic model studies for human health Features chapters from international experts in the use of specific cellular and animal models, including yeast, worms, flies, fish, mice, and large animals, among other organisms

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Book
Author : Yoichi Gondo
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-29
ISBN : 0128072245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To create and establish mutant mice as models for human diseases and traits, various forward and reverse genetics tools are currently available. Newly developed tools of high-throughput identification of novel mutations and site-directed mutagenesis, or gene targeting, in the mouse genome have caused forward and reverse genetics, respectively, to rapidly expand during the last two decades. Worldwide efforts including a variety of international consortiums have been producing many useful mutant mouse strains for functional genomics to elucidate the mechanisms behind diseases and traits. Resource centers and public databases have also been built to enhance their utilities. The modeling has started from Mendelian monogenic traits and has expanded to more complex quantitative traits as well. Multidisciplinary integration among, for example, molecular, cellular, and developmental biology; genetics; genomics; medicine; statistics; and informatics must be orchestrated to fully utilize the resources and knowledge of model mice.

Animal Models and Human Reproduction

Animal Models and Human Reproduction Book
Author : Heide Schatten
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-20
ISBN : 1118881605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our knowledge of reproductive biology has increased enormously in recent years on cellular, molecular, and genetic levels, leading to significant breakthroughs that have directly benefitted in vitro fertilization (IVF) and other assisted reproductive technologies (ART) in humans and animal systems. Animal Models and Human Reproduction presents a comprehensive reference that reflects the latest scientific research being done in human reproductive biology utilizing domestic animal models. Chapters on canine, equine, cow, pig, frog, and mouse models of reproduction reflect frontier research in placental biology, ovarian function and fertility, non-coding RNAs in gametogenesis, oocyte and embryo metabolism, fertilization, cryopreservation, signal transduction pathways, chromatin dynamics, epigenetics, reproductive aging, and inflammation. Chapters on non-human primate models also highlight recent advancements into such issues as human in vitro fertilization (IVF) and assisted reproductive technologies (ART). This book offers animal scientists, reproductive biology scientists, clinicians and practitioners, invaluable insights into a wide range of issues at the forefront of human reproductive health.

Cancer Genomics

Cancer Genomics Book
Author : Jason N. Berman,Priscilla P.L. Chiu,Graham Dellaire
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-21
ISBN : 0128061057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genome-wide association (GWA) studies and tumor-specific epigenome, transcriptome and genome sequencing projects are generating an ever-growing list of susceptibility alleles, as well as putative gain- and loss-of-function gene mutations associated with cancer. These genetic changes ultimately need to be validated to determine their contribution to the initiation, progression and likelihood of treatment response for various cancers. The bottle-neck is no longer obtaining sequence data or completion of the GWA studies, but rather the ability efficiently to validate candidate genes identified by these projects. In vivo studies in animal models are the “gold standard” for validation of these candidate drivers and modifiers of cancer. Furthermore, once a gene product or molecular pathway has been validated as playing an important role in the development or progression of cancer, animal models provide the necessary preclinical data for evaluation of the efficacy and toxicity of new therapeutics targeting that gene or pathway. As such, animal models play an essential role in cancer research by facilitating the translation of genomic discoveries into preclinical studies that precede new targeted therapies for cancer. In this chapter, we will discuss vertebrate and invertebrate animal models as they apply to cancer genomics, as well as key technologies employed. In particular, we will focus on the use of murine and zebrafish human tumor xenografts and transgenic models.

Mitochondrial Diseases

Mitochondrial Diseases Book
Author : Placido Navas,Leonardo Salviati
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 3030701476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mitochondrial diseases comprise a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of rare disorders that may affect virtually any system of the body at any age. Due to their complexity, understanding and diagnosing these diseases requires a multidisciplinary approach. This book provides an update on the major features of human mitochondrial diseases: genetic bases, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment, and of the new technologies involved in the diagnosis and on the characterization of patients. The 11 chapters examine the unique complex interactions between the mitochondrial and the nuclear genomes involved in the biogenesis and the regulation of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, and their relevance to human disease. We discuss the traditional biochemical and genetic approaches, as well as the new omic technologies, and the cellular and animal models used in mitochondrial research. The last chapter is dedicated to the current treatment options. Authors are worldwide experts in these fields and integrate expertise in both basic science and clinical research. This book is particularly important for both scientists and clinicians interested in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases.

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Book
Author : Lucas M. Chaible,Denise Kinoshita,Marcus A. Finzi Corat,Maria L. Zaidan Dagli
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-29
ISBN : 0128072237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetically modified animals were created about 30 years ago, and are considered good models of human diseases. In this chapter, the types of genetically engineered mice, such as transgenic, knockout conditional knockout, and knockin animals, and the general techniques on how to obtain them are described. In addition, the available genetically modified models for genetic diseases, multifactorial and polygenic (complex) disorders, neurodegenerative, inflammatory diseases, besides cancer models, are presented. The aim of the chapter is to help investigators to find out the best models for their studies.

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Book
Author : Lina Badimon,Laura Casani,Gemma Vilahur
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-29
ISBN : 0128072008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Experimental approaches to understand the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis and thrombosis involve the combination of both cellular and animal approaches. Animals have been instrumental in biomedical research in order to provide a better understanding on the mechanisms that have already been outlined in in vitro studies. Atherosclerosis studies were firstly carried out in rodents using diet-induced atherosclerosis approaches. However, these diets were un-physiological and the developed lesions were often limited in size, composition, and location largely differing from humans. During the last years, with the advent of molecular genetics and genetic manipulation techniques, the development of gene-engineered animals has allowed an explosion in the number of models resulting in a tremendous progress in the understanding of both atherosclerosis and thrombosis. However, direct translation from rodents to humans has to be taken with caution because of the well-reported species-related differences. Although there is no known animal model for human disease, large animal models have demonstrated better suitability for translation to humans. For instance swine, a species that spontaneously develops atherosclerosis and thrombosis, are more closely mimics of the macrovascular-related thrombotic complications found in humans. This book chapter provides an in depth overview of the currently available small and large animal modelsof atherosclerosis and thrombosis and examinestheir applicability for translational research purposes as well as highlights species-related differences with humans.

Handbook of Models for Human Aging

Handbook of Models for Human Aging Book
Author : P. Michael Conn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-04-28
ISBN : 9780080460062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Models for Human Aging is designed as the only comprehensive work available that covers the diversity of aging models currently available. For each animal model, it presents key aspects of biology, nutrition, factors affecting life span, methods of age determination, use in research, and disadvantages/advantes of use. Chapters on comparative models take a broad sweep of age-related diseases, from Alzheimer's to joint disease, cataracts, cancer, and obesity. In addition, there is an historical overview and discussion of model availability, key methods, and ethical issues. Utilizes a multidisciplinary approach Shows tricks and approaches not available in primary publications First volume of its kind to combine both methods of study for human aging and animal models Over 200 illustrations

Animal Models of Human Disease

Animal Models of Human Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-03-04
ISBN : 0123848792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Animal experiments have contributed much to our understanding of mechanisms of disease and are important for determining new therapies. This volume reviews the latest research and developments in this field. * Discusses new discoveries, approaches, and ideas * Contributions from leading scholars and industry experts * Reference guide for researchers involved in molecular biology and related fields

What Will We Do If We Don t Experiment on Animals

What Will We Do If We Don t Experiment on Animals  Book
Author : Jean Swingle Greek,C. Ray Greek
Publisher : Trafford Publishing
Release : 2004
ISBN : 1412020581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drs. Greek have written 2 books on why using animals as models for humans is not the best way to conduct medical research and drug testing. During their lectures and debates, the most commonly asked question was, "Well. What will we use if we don't use animals?" What Will We Do If We Don't Experiment On Animals? Medical Research for the Twenty-first Century is the answer to that question. Drs. Greek explain briefly why one species cannot predict drug response for another and describe what research and testing methods should be used today instead of animals. They also describe where our biomedical research dollars should be spent if we are to have cures for cancer, AIDS, and Alzheimer's. This book will appeal to science-trained and general audiences, animal lovers and science readers, public policy analysts, students, patients and patient support groups, and government watchdog groups. What Will We Do If We Don't Experiment On Animals? Medical Research for the Twenty-first Century takes medical research out of the nineteenth and into the 21st century.

CRISPR in Animals and Animal Models

CRISPR in Animals and Animal Models Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-10
ISBN : 0128125071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

CRISPR in Animals and Animal Models, Volume 152, the latest release in the Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science series, explores the genome editing CRISPR system in cells and animal models, its applications, the uses of the CRISPR system, and the past, present and future of CRISPR genome editing. Topics of interest in this updated volume include a section on CRISPR history, The genome editing revolution, Programming CRISPR and its applications, CRISPR Delivery methods, CRISPR libraries and screening, CRISPR investigation in haploid cells, CRISPR in the generation of transgenic animals, CRISPR therapeutics, and Promising strategies and present challenges. Accessible to students and researchers alike Written by leading authorities in the field

Animal Models of Speech and Language Disorders

Animal Models of Speech and Language Disorders Book
Author : Santosh A. Helekar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-17
ISBN : 1461484006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Basic research over the last decade or two has uncovered similarities between speech, especially its sensori-motor aspects, and vocal communication in several non-human species. The most comprehensive studies so far have been conducted in songbirds. Songbirds offer us a model system to study the interactions between developmental or genetic predispositions and tutor-dependent influences, on the learning of vocal communication. Songbird research has elucidated cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying learning and production of vocal patterns, perception of vocal sounds, vocal motor control and vocal neuromotor plasticity. More recently, the entire genome of the songbird zebra finch has been sequenced. These discoveries, along with the identification of several genes implicated in familial human speech and language disorders, have made it possible to look for analogues of speech and language dysfunction in zebra finches, at least at the perceptual and sensori-motor levels. Two approaches in particular have led us closer to the development of animal models of human speech conditions, namely developmental stuttering and a familial verbal dyspraxia associated with a mutation in the gene for the transcription factor FoxP2. Work on other animals that show developmental sensori-motor learning of vocal sounds used for communication have also shown significant progress, leading to the possibility of development of models of speech and language dysfunction in them. Among mammals, the principal ones include dolphins and whales. In non-human primates, while vocal learning per se is not very prominent, investigations on their communicative abilities have thrown some light on the rudiments of language. These considerations make the publication of a book focused on animal models of speech and language disorders, detailing the overall investigative approach of neurobehavioral studies in animals capable of vocal communication and learned vocalizations, a much-needed and worthwhile project. It would serve as a unifying review of research in this new multidisciplinary frontier, spanning the molecular to the behavioral, for clinicians and researchers, as well as a teaching resource for advanced speech pathology and neuroscience students. This book will also be the first of its kind.

From Animal Models to Human Genetics

From Animal Models to Human Genetics Book
Author : Karsten Conrad
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9783899671483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download From Animal Models to Human Genetics book written by Karsten Conrad, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of Microbiology

Encyclopedia of Microbiology Book
Author : Thomas M. Schmidt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09-11
ISBN : 0128117370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Microbiology, Fourth Edition gathers both basic and applied dimensions in this dynamic field that includes virtually all environments on Earth. This range attracts a growing number of cross-disciplinary studies, which the encyclopedia makes available to readers from diverse educational backgrounds. The new edition builds on the solid foundation established in earlier versions, adding new material that reflects recent advances in the field. New focus areas include `Animal and Plant Microbiomes’ and ‘Global Impact of Microbes`. The thematic organization of the work allows users to focus on specific areas, e.g., for didactical purposes, while also browsing for topics in different areas. Offers an up-to-date and authoritative resource that covers the entire field of microbiology, from basic principles, to applied technologies Provides an organic overview that is useful to academic teachers and scientists from different backgrounds Includes chapters that are enriched with figures and graphs, and that can be easily consulted in isolation to find fundamental definitions and concepts

Movement Disorders

Movement Disorders Book
Author : Mark S. LeDoux
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 0124055168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of animal models is a key aspect of scientific research in numerous fields of medicine. Movement Disorders, Second Edition vigorously examines the important contributions and application of animal models to the understanding of human movement disorders, and serves as an essential resource for basic neuroscientists engaged in movement disorders research. Academic clinicians, translational researchers and basic scientists are brought together to connect experimental findings made in different animal models to the clinical features, pathophysiology and treatment of human movement disorders. The book is divided into sections on Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, dystonia, tremor, paroxysmal movement disorders, ataxia, myoclonus, restless legs syndrome, drug-induced movement disorders, multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy/corticobasal degeneration, and spasticity. This book serves as an essential resource for both clinicians interested in the science being generated with animal models and basic scientists studying the pathogenesis of particular movement disorders. Introduces the scientific foundations for modern movement disorders research Contributing authors are internationally known experts Completely revised with 20% new material Provides a comprehensive discussion of genetics for each type of movement disorder Covers Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, dystonia, tremors, and tics

Mouse Models of Human Blood Cancers

Mouse Models of Human Blood Cancers Book
Author : Shaoguang Li
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-19
ISBN : 9780387691329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, Dr. Li and his author team plan to emphasize why mouse models are useful in vivo systems for understanding disease mechanisms and developing therapeutic strategies in blood cancers. The authors do not intend to cover all types of blood cancers; instead, they will focus on some major ones such as leukemias and lymphomas. However, the authors will try to cover as much as they can the cancer types and point out that many blood cancers need to be studied in mouse disease models although they are still not available at present. A major focus in the book will be to show what we can or cannot learn from mouse disease models and to also show the critical contributions of mouse models in therapeutic drug development.

Advances in Animal Experimentation and Modeling

Advances in Animal Experimentation and Modeling Book
Author : Ranbir Chander Sobti
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-17
ISBN : 0323910440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploration in Laboratory Animal Sciences Understanding Life Phenomena updates our knowledge about the newer technologies such as molecular biology, genomics including sequencing, proteomics, transcriptomics, cell culture, stem cell culture, transgenesis and their translation to understand systematics and phylogeny of laboratory animals at molecular level. In seven sections Exploration in Laboratory Animal Sciences Understanding Life Phenomena resolves issues of conservation, applications in environment monitoring, production of drugs and others. Comparative research has enabled use of domestic animal models that translate the advances in basic biosciences to the schemes for human welfare including medicine. Molecular geneticists are unravelling the complexities of mammalian genes and the field of biotechnology is maturing at a fast pace. Additionally, research focused on immunology and animal behavior offer new insight into ways of enhancing animal welfare. The rise in consumption of animal proteins in addition to the challenges of sustaining our natural resources has given animal scientists a vast array of opportunities to engage in integrative systems-based research for meeting the challenges that behold us. Exploration in Laboratory Animal Sciences Understanding Life Phenomena also discusses the manipulation of animals as factories for the production of safe foods, drugs, and sensors and others to meet the contemporary challenges faced by mankind in the new world order created by pandemic of Covid 19. It also includes several chapters on the causation and management of certain diseases and impact of microbes on life. Provides insight to newer and futuristic technologies to understand disease process and drug design by animal models Addresses a wide variety of species and covers a wide variety of topics (such as animal species, the laboratory setting, regulatory guidelines, and ethical considerations) to fully prepare for work with all types of animals Gives a perspective on laboratory animal use that allows to explain the benefits of animal use as required by veterinary technology program accreditation procedure Includes examples of animal bio-technological techniques (including stem cell and tissue engineering) for their applications to humanity Offers new insight into ways of enhancing animal welfare by the inclusion of research results focused on immunology and laboratory animal behavior

Bioinformatics and Human Genomics Research

Bioinformatics and Human Genomics Research Book
Author : Diego A. Forero
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-23
ISBN : 1000405672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in high-throughput biological methods have led to the publication of a large number of genome-wide studies in human and animal models. In this context, recent tools from bioinformatics and computational biology have been fundamental for the analysis of these genomic studies. The book Bioinformatics and Human Genomics Research provides updated and comprehensive information about multiple approaches of the application of bioinformatic tools to research in human genomics. It covers strategies analysis of genome-wide association studies, genome-wide expression studies and genome-wide DNA methylation, among other topics. It provides interesting strategies for data mining in human genomics, network analysis, prediction of binding sites for miRNAs and transcription factors, among other themes. Experts from all around the world in bioinformatics and human genomics have contributed chapters in this book. Readers will find this book as quite useful for their in silico explorations, which would contribute to a better and deeper understanding of multiple biological processes and of pathophysiology of many human diseases.

Animal Models of Human Birth Defects

Animal Models of Human Birth Defects Book
Author : Aimin Liu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-17
ISBN : 9811523894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the use of animal models to study various human defects. It summarizes our current understanding of a variety of common human birth defects and the essential role of animal models in shedding light on the underlying mechanisms of these disorders. Birth defects are the leading cause of infant deaths, and cost billions of dollars in care for those affected. Unfortunately, the lack of a clear understanding of the mechanisms leading to many of these developmental disorders has hindered effective prevention and early intervention strategies. Studies using animal models have provided essential insights into several human birth defects. This book serves as a valuable reference resource for researchers and graduate students who are interested in learning the basic principles as well as the latest advances in the study of the mechanisms of human birth defects.

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease Book
Author : P. Michael Conn
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-06-20
ISBN : 0128096993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease, Second Edition, provides needed information on model sharing, animal alternatives, animal ethics and access to databanks of models, bringing together common descriptions of models for busy researchers across biomedical and biological sciences. Offering easily searchable advantages and disadvantages for each animal model and organized by disease topics, this resource aids researchers in finding the best animal model for research in human disease. Organized by disease orientation for ease of searchability Provides information on locating resources, animal alternatives, and animal ethics Covers a broad range of animal models used in research for human disease Contributed by leading experts across the globe Expanded coverage of diabetes and neurological diseases