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Cell Surface Grp78 A New Paradigm In Signal Transduction Biology

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Cell Surface GRP78 a New Paradigm in Signal Transduction Biology

Cell Surface GRP78  a New Paradigm in Signal Transduction Biology Book
Author : Salvatore V. Pizzo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-03-20
ISBN : 0128123524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cell Surface GRP78, a New Paradigm in Signal Transduction Biology presents a new paradigm that has emerged in the past decade with the discovery that various intracellular proteins may acquire new functions as cell surface receptors. Two very prominent examples are ATP synthase and GRP78. While the role of cell surface ATP synthase has been reviewed in various books, this book directs its attention to the story of cell surface GRP78. Edited by the researcher who identified cell surface expression of the molecular chaperone GRP78 as a major factor in prostate cancer and other malignancies Presents an in-depth treatment of the biological underpinnings of GRP78 and its connection to disease Provides four-color illustrations that facilitate the narrative

Extracellular Matrix Biomineralization of Dental Tissue Structures

Extracellular Matrix Biomineralization of Dental Tissue Structures Book
Author : Michel Goldberg,Pamela Den Besten
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 3030762831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the structural and biological properties of dental and peridental tissue structures and covers their mineralization process. The book contains a description of dentines, cementum, enamel and bone, including collagens, as well as non-collagenous proteins (SIBLINGs, SLRPs, GAGs, PGs, lipids, and MMPs). The mechanisms of mineralization are described in detail and the book is focused on matrix vesicles, collagen mineralization and the role of non-collagenous extracellular matrix components either as promoters or inhibitors of mineralization. In addition, the matrix components (non-collagenous) of enamel (amelogenin, ameloblastin, enamelin, MMP4, MMP20 and other proteases) are reviewed and their respective roles in dental tissues biomineralizations and tissue turnover are discussed. Additionally, environmental factors involved in enamel / dentin defects are adressed. With state-of-the-art contributions from experts in the respective domains, the book is a useful introduction to the field for junior scientists, interested in dental and peridental tissue biomineralization. It is also an interesting read for advanced scientists and clinicians working in dental research, giving them a broader view of the topic beyond their area of specialization. The series Biology of Extracellular Matrix is published in collaboration with the American Society for Matrix Biology.

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy  Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies Book
Author : Ramasamy Paulmurugan,Tarik F. Massoud
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-25
ISBN : 0128215682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glioblastoma Resistance to Chemotherapy: Molecular Mechanisms and Innovative Reversal Strategies brings current knowledge from an international team of experts on the science and clinical management of glioblastoma chemoresistance. The book discusses topics such as molecular mechanisms of chemoresistance, experimental models to study chemoresistance, chemoresistance to drugs other than Temozolomide, and specific strategies to reverse chemoresistance. Additionally, it encompasses information on how to mitigate chemoresistance by targeted enhancement of p53 function. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, neuro-oncologists and other members of the biomedical field. Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most invasive and malignant primary brain tumor in humans with poor survival after diagnosis, therefore it is imperative that molecular and cellular mechanisms behind therapy resistant GBM cells, as well as the therapeutic strategies available to counter the resistance are comprehensively understood. Provides comprehensive, core knowledge related to the entire discipline of glioblastoma chemoresistance, from its many etiological mechanisms, to specific strategies to reverse resistance Presents current information from an international team of experts on the basic science, pre-clinical research, and clinical management of glioblastoma chemoresistance Discusses molecular and cellular mechanisms behind therapy resistant glioblastoma cells, as well as the therapeutic strategies available to counter this resistance

Mechanisms of Insulin Action

Mechanisms of Insulin Action Book
Author : Alan R. Saltiel,Jeffrey E. Pessin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-10-05
ISBN : 0387722041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

More than 18 million people in the United States have diabetes mellitus, and about 90% of these have the type 2 form of the disease. This book attempts to dissect the complexity of the molecular mechanisms of insulin action with a special emphasis on those features of the system that are subject to alteration in type 2 diabetes and other insulin resistant states. It explores insulin action at the most basic levels, through complex systems.

Vascular Development

Vascular Development Book
Author : Derek J. Chadwick,Jamie A. Goode
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-08-20
ISBN : 0470319429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The formation of blood vessels is an essential aspect of embryogenesis in vertebrates. It is a central feature of numerous post-embryonic processes, including tissue and organ growth and regeneration. It is also part of the pathology of tumour formation and certain inflammatory conditions. In recent years, comprehension of the molecular genetics of blood vessel formation has progressed enormously and studies in vertebrate model systems, especially the mouse and the zebrafish, have identified a common set of molecules and processes that are conserved throughout vertebrate embryogenesis while, in addition, highlighting aspects that may differ between different animal groups. The discovery in the past decade of the crucial role of new blood vessel formation for the development of cancers has generated great interest in angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones), with its major implications for potential cancer-control strategies. In addition, there are numerous situations where therapeutic treatments either require or would be assisted by vasculogenesis (the de novo formation of blood vessels). In particular, post-stroke therapies could include treatments that stimulate neovascularization of the affected tissues. The development of such treatments, however, requires thoroughly understanding the developmental properties of endothelial cells and the basic biology of blood vessel formation. While there are many books on angiogenesis, this unique book focuses on exactly this basic biology and explores blood vessel formation in connection with tissue development in a range of animal models. It includes detailed discussions of relevant cell biology, genetics and embryogenesis of blood vessel formation and presents insights into the cross-talk between developing blood vessels and other tissues. With contributions from vascular biologists, cell biologists and developmental biologists, a comprehensive and highly interdisciplinary volume is the outcome.

Receptor Tyrosine Kinases Structure Functions and Role in Human Disease

Receptor Tyrosine Kinases  Structure  Functions and Role in Human Disease Book
Author : Deric L. Wheeler,Yosef Yarden
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-26
ISBN : 1493920537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Receptor Tyrosine Kinase: Structure, Functions and Role in Human Disease, for the first time, systematically covers the shared structural and functional features of the RTK family. Receptor Tyrosine Kinases (RTKs) play critical roles in embryogenesis, normal physiology and several diseases. And over the last decade they have become the Number 1 targets of cancer drugs. To be able to conduct fundamental research or to attempt to develop pharmacological agents able to enhance or intercept them, it is essential first to understand the evolutionary origin of the 58 RTKs and their roles in invertebrates and in humans, as well as downstream signaling pathways. The assembly of chapters is written by experts and underscores commonalities between and among the RTKs. It is an ideal companion volume to The Receptor Tyrosine Kinase: Families and Subfamilies, which proceeds, family by family through all of the specific subfamilies of RTKs, along with their unique landmarks.

Systems Biology of Tumor Dormancy

Systems Biology of Tumor Dormancy Book
Author : Heiko Enderling,Nava Almog,Lynn Hlatky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-11-09
ISBN : 1461414458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is based on the Workshop on Systems Biology of Tumor Dormancy meeting, held July 25th to July 28th, 2011. The first annual CCSB workshop brought together biologists, clinicians, mathematicians, and computer scientists to discuss various aspects of tumor dormancy and develop novel mathematical/computational models with the keynote speakers. Specific topics included the angiogenic switch, immune system interactions, cancer stem cells and signaling.

Tumor Microenvironments in Organs

Tumor Microenvironments in Organs Book
Author : Alexander Birbrair
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-06
ISBN : 3030362140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revealing essential roles of the tumor microenvironment in cancer progression, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest research on the tumor microenvironment in over thirty human organs, including the parathyroid gland, heart, intestine, testicles, and more. Taken alongside its companion volumes, these books update us on what we know about the different aspects of the tumor microenvironments in distinct organs as well as future directions. Tumor Microenvironments in Organs: From the Brain to the Skin – Part A is essential reading for advanced cell biology and cancer biology students as well as researchers seeking an update on research in the tumor microenvironment.

Innovative Medicine

Innovative Medicine Book
Author : Kazuwa Nakao,Nagahiro Minato,Shinji Uemoto
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-10-13
ISBN : 4431556516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is devoted to innovative medicine, comprising the proceedings of the Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2014. It remains extremely rare for the findings of basic research to be developed into clinical applications, and it takes a long time for the process to be achieved. The task of advancing the development of basic research into clinical reality lies with translational science, yet the field seems to struggle to find a way to move forward. To create innovative medical technology, many steps need to be taken: development and analysis of optimal animal models of human diseases, elucidation of genomic and epidemiological data, and establishment of “proof of concept”. There is also considerable demand for progress in drug research, new surgical procedures, and new clinical devices and equipment. While the original research target may be rare diseases, it is also important to apply those findings more broadly to common diseases. The book covers a wide range of topics and is organized into three complementary parts. The first part is basic research for innovative medicine, the second is translational research for innovative medicine, and the third is new technology for innovative medicine. This book helps to understand innovative medicine and to make progress in its realization.

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Molecular Infection Biology Pathogenesis Diagnostics and New Interventions

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis  Molecular Infection Biology  Pathogenesis  Diagnostics and New Interventions Book
Author : Seyed Ehtesham Hasnain,Nasreen Z. Ehtesham,Sonam Grover
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-30
ISBN : 9813294132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews recent advances in the molecular and infection biology, pathology, and molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, as well as the identification and validation of novel molecular drug targets for the treatment of this mycobacterial disease. Despite being completely curable, tuberculosis is still one of the leading global causes of death. M. tuberculosis, the causative organism – one of the smartest pathogens known – adopts highly intelligent strategies for survival and pathogenesis. Presenting a wealth of information on the molecular infection biology of M. tuberculosis, as well as nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), the book provides an overview of the functional role of the PE/PPE group of proteins, which is exclusive to the genus Mycobacteria, of host-pathogen interactions, and virulence. It also explores the pathogenesis of the infection, pathology, epidemiology, and diagnosis of NTM. Finally it discusses current and novel approaches in vaccine development against tuberculosis, including the role of nanotechnology. With state-of-the-art contributions from experts in the respective domains, this book is an informative resource for practitioners as well as medical postgraduate students and researchers.

Tissue Specific Vascular Endothelial Signals and Vector Targeting

Tissue Specific Vascular Endothelial Signals and Vector Targeting Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-10-27
ISBN : 9780080962603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of genetics is rapidly evolving, and new medical breakthroughs are occurring as a result of advances in knowledge gained from genetics research. This serial continually publishes important reviews of the broadest interest to geneticists and their colleagues in affiliated disciplines. Includes important reviews of the broadest interest to geneticists and their colleagues in affiliated disciplines, providing researchers an overview and synthesis of the latest findings in the area Presents up-to-date research from leaders in the field

Receptor Receptor Interactions

Receptor Receptor Interactions Book
Author : Kjell Fuxe,Luigi F. Agnati
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-13
ISBN : 1468454153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Receptor Receptor Interactions book written by Kjell Fuxe,Luigi F. Agnati, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Current Research Topics in Plant Virology

Current Research Topics in Plant Virology Book
Author : Aiming Wang,Xueping Zhou
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-07
ISBN : 3319329197
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Topics covered in this book include RNA silencing and its suppression in plant virus infection, virus replication mechanisms, the association of cellular membranes with virus replication and movement, plant genetic resistance to viruses, viral cell-to-cell spread, long distance movement in plants, virus induced ER stress, virus diversity and evolution, virus-vector interactions, cross protection, geminiviruses, negative strand RNA viruses, viroids, and the diagnosis of plant viral diseases using next generation sequencing. This book was anticipated to help plant pathologists, scholars, professors, teachers and advanced students in the field with a comprehensive state-of-the-art knowledge of the subject.

Textbook of Oral Cancer

Textbook of Oral Cancer Book
Author : Saman Warnakulasuriya,John S. Greenspan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-22
ISBN : 3030323161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive multidisciplinary book examines all aspects of cancers of the mouth and oropharynx with the aim of equipping advanced students and practitioners in the early stages of specialist training with an up-to-date guide and reference. A multinational team of authors – all experts in the field of oral oncology – provide illuminating contributions on the full range of relevant topics: epidemiology, risk factors, clinical features, staging and prognostic factors, pathology, diagnostic techniques, disease prevention, surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Molecular biology, molecular targeted therapies for advanced cases, and future diagnostic and prognostic applications of new technologies also receive careful attention. In providing a wealth of essential information and guidance in a practical format, the book will be a superb asset for senior graduate students in dentistry and specialist trainees in head and neck oncology. It will also be of high value for the many physicians, surgeons, pathologists, dentists, and specialists involved in the prevention, diagnosis, and management of squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity and oropharynx.

Cyclin Dependent Kinase CDK Inhibitors

Cyclin Dependent Kinase  CDK  Inhibitors Book
Author : Peter K. Vogt,Stephen I. Reed
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642719414
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

More than 10 years ago, the discovery of cyclin-dependent ki nases (Cdks) ushered in a new era in the understanding of cell proliferation and its control. Not only were both of the known cell cycle transitions, from G 1 to S phase and G2 to M phase, found to be dependent on these protein kinases, but the reg ulatory assumption intrinsic to cyclin-dependent kinases, a stable inactive catalytic subunit (the Cdk) and an unstable requisite positive regulatory activating subunit (the cyclin), led to a simple model for cell cycle control. Modulation of cyclin accumulation, and thereby Cdk activation, was proposed to be the overarching principle governing the passage through cell cycle phases. An other reality to emerge from the discovery of Cdks was the ex ceptional degree of evolutionary conservation maintained in the machinery and organization of proliferation control. Not only were Cdks shown to be structurally conserved between yeast and man, but mammalian Cdks could substitute functionally for the endogenous enzymes in a yeast cell. The problem of cell cycle control was thought to have been virtually solved. The ensuing years have provided a much more complex view of cell cycle control and the role and regulation of Cdks. The uncritical enthusiasm with which many of the ideas were em braced has required tempering. For example, although Cdks appear to be highly conserved phylogenetically, cyclins are much less so.

Damage Associated Molecular Patterns in Human Diseases

Damage Associated Molecular Patterns in Human Diseases Book
Author : Walter Gottlieb Land
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-19
ISBN : 3030538680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a continuance of the topic: “DAMPs in Human Diseases”, the basics of which were described in a first volume by the same author. This second volume presents our current understanding of the impact of sterile stress/injury-induced innate immune responses on the etiopathogenesis of human diseases by focusing on those diseases that are pathogenetically dominated by DAMPs, i.e., on polytrauma, various solid organ injuries (brain, lung, kidney, liver), atherosclerosis, and cerebro-cardiovascular diseases. Our growing understanding of the pathogenetic function of activating DAMPs and suppressive DAMPs (“SAMPs”) is used as a point of departure to explore how these molecules can be used as biomarkers to extend and improve current diagnostic and prognostic modalities. Moreover, this new knowledge about the pathogenetic function of DAMPs and SAMPs is taken as a sound and plausible reason for discussing their implications for present and future treatment of the diseases addressed here. In this context, the focus is on the potential of DAMPs as future therapeutic targets and SAMPs as future therapeutics, applied in strict compliance with safety precautions, as also recommended in this work. The book is intended for professionals from all medical and paramedical disciplines who are interested in applying innovative data from inflammation and immunity research to clinical practice. The readership will include practitioners and clinicians working in the broad field of acute and chronic inflammatory/fibrotic diseases, in particular, traumatologists and intensivists; neurologists and neurosurgeons; cardiologists and cardiac surgeons; pulmonologists and thoracic surgeons; vascular surgeons; nephrologists; gastroenterologists and hepatologists; and pharmacists. Also available: Damage-Associated Molecular Patterns in Human Diseases - Vol. 1: Injury-Induced Innate Immune Responses

Network Pharmacology

Network Pharmacology Book
Author : Shao Li
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-29
ISBN : 9811607532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces “network pharmacology” as an emerging frontier subject of systematic drug research in the era of artificial intelligence and big data. Network Pharmacology is an original subject of fusion system biology, bioinformatics, network science and other related disciplines. It emphasizes on starting from the overall perspective of the system level and biological networks, the analysis of the laws of molecular association between drugs and their treatment objects, reveals the systematic pharmacological mechanisms of drugs, and guides the research and development of new drugs and clinical diagnosis and treatment. After it was proposed, network pharmacology has been paid attention by researchers, and it has been rapidly developed and widely used. In order to systematically reveal the biological basis of diagnosis and treatment in traditional Chinese medicine and modern medicine, we proposed a new concept of "network target" for the first time, which has become the core theory of "network pharmacology". The core principle of a network target is to construct a biological network that can be used to decipher complex diseases. The network is then used as the therapeutic target, to which multicomponent remedies are applied. This book mainly includes four parts: 1) The concept and theory of network pharmacology; 2) Common analysis methods, databases and software in network pharmacological research; 3) Typical cases of traditional Chinese medicine modernization and modern drug research based on network pharmacology; 4) Network pharmacology practice process based on drugs and diseases.

Progressive Brain Disorders in Childhood

Progressive Brain Disorders in Childhood Book
Author : Juan M. Pascual
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-04-20
ISBN : 1107042054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A review of childhood neurodegenerative and other progressive but non-degenerative disorders to guide their diagnosis and management.

Differentiation of Embryonic Stem Cells

Differentiation of Embryonic Stem Cells Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-12-18
ISBN : 9780080546162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume covers all aspects of embryonic stem cell differentiation, including mouse embryonic stem cells, mouse embryonic germ cells, monkey and human embryonic stem cells, and gene discovery. * Early commitment steps and generation of chimeric mice * Differentiation to mesoderm derivatives * Gene discovery by manipulation of mouse embryonic stem cells