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Cavitation And Bubble Dynamics

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Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics

Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics Book
Author : Christopher E. Brennen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014
ISBN : 1107644763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics deals with fundamental physical processes of bubble dynamics and cavitation for graduate students and researchers.

Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics

Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics Book
Author : Foivos Koukouvinis,Manolos Gavaises
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-24
ISBN : 0128233982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics: Fundamentals and Applications examines the latest advances in the field of cavitation and multiphase flows, including associated effects such as material erosion and spray instabilities. This book tackles the challenges of cavitation hindrance in the industrial world, while also drawing on interdisciplinary research to inform academic audiences on the latest advances in the fundamentals. Contributions to the book come from a wide range of specialists in areas including fuel systems, hydropower, marine engineering, multiphase flows and computational fluid mechanics, allowing readers to discover novel interdisciplinary experimentation techniques and research results. This book will be an essential tool for industry professionals and researchers working on applications where cavitation hindrance affects reliability, noise, and vibrations. Covers a wide range of cavitation and bubble dynamics phenomena, including shock wave emission, jetting, and luminescence Provides the latest advice about applications including cavitation tunnels, cavitation testing, flow designs to avoid cavitation in pumps and other hydromachinery, and flow lines Describes novel experimental techniques, such as x-ray imaging and new computational techniques

Acoustic Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics

Acoustic Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics Book
Author : Kyuichi Yasui
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-26
ISBN : 3319682377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This brief explains in detail fundamental concepts in acoustic cavitation and bubble dynamics, and describes derivations of the fundamental equations of bubble dynamics in order to support those readers just beginning research in this field. Further, it provides an in-depth understanding of the physical basis of the phenomena. With regard to sonochemistry, the brief presents the results of numerical simulations of chemical reactions inside a bubble under ultrasound, especially for a single-bubble system and including unsolved problems. Written so as to be accessible both with and without prior knowledge of fundamental fluid dynamics, the brief offers a valuable resource for students and researchers alike, especially those who are unfamiliar with this field. A grasp of fundamental undergraduate mathematics such as partial derivative and fundamental integration is advantageous; however, even without any background in mathematics, readers can skip the equations and still understand the fundamental physics of the phenomena using the book’s wealth of illustrations and figures. As such, it is also suitable as an introduction to the field.

Fundamentals of Cavitation

Fundamentals of Cavitation Book
Author : Jean-Pierre Franc,Jean-Marie Michel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-01-22
ISBN : 1402022336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book treats cavitation, which is a unique phenomenon in the field of hyd- dynamics, although it can occur in any hydraulic machinery such as pumps, propellers, artificial hearts, and so forth. Cavitation is generated not only in water, but also in any kind of fluid, such as liquid hydrogen. The generation of cavitation can cause severe damage in hydraulic machinery. Therefore, the prevention of cavitation is an important concern for designers of hydraulic machinery. On the contrary, there is great potential to utilize cavitation in various important applications, such as environmental protection. There have been several books published on cavitation, including one by the same authors. This book differs from those previous ones, in that it is both more physical and more theoretical. Any theoretical explanation of the cavitation phenomenon is rather difficult, but the authors have succeeded in explaining it very well, and a reader can follow the equations easily. It is an advantage in reading this book to have some understanding of the physics of cavitation. Therefore, this book is not an introductory text, but a book for more advanced study. However, this does not mean that this book is too difficult for a beginner, because it explains the cavitation phenomenon using many figures. Therefore, even a beginner on cavitation can read and can understand what cavitation is. If the student studies through this book (with patience), he or she can become an expert on the physics of cavitation.

Mechanics and Physics of Bubbles in Liquids

Mechanics and Physics of Bubbles in Liquids Book
Author : Leen van Wijngaarden
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1982-03-31
ISBN : 9789024726257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A IUTAM (International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics) Sympo sium 'Mechanics and Physics of Bubbles in Liquids' was held at Pasadena, Calif., USA from 15 through 19 June 1981. The present volume contains the printed version of nearly all papers read at the Symposium. The study of the behaviour of bubbles in liquids was originally stimu lated by problems in cavitation and in boiling ofliquids. Today research is initiated by problems in many other fields as well. In this respect a growing interest from the side of biomechanics may be mentioned. Ordering of the papers could be done either according to the various mechanical and physical aspects of the subject or according to the fields of application. The presentaton at the Symposium contained a bit of both; there was a session on physico-chemical aspects for example and also a session on biological applications. The subdivision in this volume follows roughly the sessions in the Symposium. Most of them start with a paper of a survey nature, reporting progress made in recent years. Here, as in other fields of engineering science, one notes the important part played by experimental techniques and by numerical analysis.

The Acoustic Bubble

The Acoustic Bubble Book
Author : T Leighton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323144136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Acoustic Bubble describes the interaction of acoustic fields with bubbles in liquid. The book consists of five chapters. Chapter 1 provides a basic introduction to acoustics, including some of the more esoteric phenomena that can be seen when high-frequency high-intensity underwater sound is employed. Chapter 2 discusses the nucleation of cavitation and basic fluid dynamics, while Chapter 3 draws together the acoustics and bubble dynamics to discuss the free oscillation of a bubble and acoustic emissions from such activity. The acoustic probes that are often applied to study the behavior of a bubble when an externally-applied acoustic field drives it into oscillation is deliberated in Chapter 4. The last chapter outlines a variety of effects associated with acoustically-induced bubble activity. The bubble detection, sonoluminescence, sonochemistry, and pulse enhancement are also covered. This publication is a good reference for physics and engineering students and researchers intending to acquire knowledge of the acoustic interactions of acoustic fields with bubbles.

Fluid Dynamics of Cavitation and Cavitating Turbopumps

Fluid Dynamics of Cavitation and Cavitating Turbopumps Book
Author : Luca d'Agostino,Maria Vittoria Salvetti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-04-20
ISBN : 3211766693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on the fluid dynamics of cavitation with special reference to high power density turbopumps, where it represents the major source of performance and life degradation. While covering the more fundamental aspects of cavitation and the main kinds of cavitating flows, there is focus on the hydrodynamics and instabilities of cavitating turbopumps. The book also illustrates the alternative approaches for modeling and engineering simulation of cavitating flows.

Hydrodynamics of Pumps

Hydrodynamics of Pumps Book
Author : Christopher E. Brennen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-03-28
ISBN : 1139497278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrodynamics of Pumps is a reference for pump experts and a textbook for advanced students. It examines the fluid dynamics of liquid turbomachines, particularly pumps, focusing on special problems and design issues associated with the flow of liquid through a rotating machine. There are two characteristics of a liquid that lead to problems and cause a significantly different set of concerns than those in gas turbines. These are the potential for cavitation and the high density of liquids, which enhances the possibility of damaging, unsteady flows and forces. The book begins with an introduction to the subject, including cavitation, unsteady flows and turbomachinery, basic pump design and performance principles. Chapter topics include flow features, cavitation parameters and inception, bubble dynamics, cavitation effects on pump performance, and unsteady flows and vibration in pumps - discussed in the three final chapters. The book is richly illustrated and includes many practical examples.

Cavitation in Non Newtonian Fluids

Cavitation in Non Newtonian Fluids Book
Author : Emil Brujan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-28
ISBN : 3642153437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Non-Newtonian properties on bubble dynamics and cavitation are fundamentally different from those of Newtonian fluids. The most significant effect arises from the dramatic increase in viscosity of polymer solutions in an extensional flow, such as that generated about a spherical bubble during its growth or collapse phase. In addition, many biological fluids, such as blood, synovial fluid, and saliva, have non-Newtonian properties and can display significant viscoelastic behaviour. This monograph elucidates general aspects of bubble dynamics and cavitation in non-Newtonian fluids and applies them to the fields of biomedicine and bioengineering. In addition it presents many examples from the process industries. The field is strongly interdisciplinary and the numerous disciplines involve have and will continue to overlook and reinvent each others’ work. This book helps researchers to think intuitively about the diverse physics of these systems, to attempt to bridge the various communities involved, and to convey the interest, elegance, and variety of physical phenomena that manifest themselves on the micrometer and microsecond scales.

Sonochemistry and Sonoluminescence

Sonochemistry and Sonoluminescence Book
Author : L.A. Crum,Timothy J. Mason,Jacques L. Reisse,Kenneth S. Suslick
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 9401592152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sonochemistry is studied primarily by chemists and sonoluminescence mainly by physicists, but a single physical phenomenon - acoustic cavitation - unites the two areas. The physics of cavitation bubble collapse, is relatively well understood by acoustical physicists but remains practically unknown to the chemists. By contrast, the chemistry that gives rise to electromagnetic emissions and the acceleration of chemical reactions is familiar to chemists, but practically unknown to acoustical physicists. It is just this knowledge gap that the present volume addresses. The first section of the book addresses the fundamentals of cavitation, leading to a more extensive discussion of the fundamentals of cavitation bubble dynamics in section two. A section on single bubble sonoluminescence follows. The two following sections address the new scientific discipline of sonochemistry, and the volume concludes with a section giving detailed descriptions of the applications of sonochemistry. The mixture of tutorial lectures and detailed research articles means that the book can serve as an introduction as well as a comprehensive and detailed review of these two interesting and topical subjects.

Bubble Dynamics and Shock Waves

Bubble Dynamics and Shock Waves Book
Author : Can F. Delale
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-07
ISBN : 3642342965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the interplay of bubble dynamics and shock waves, covering shock wave emission by laser generated bubbles, pulsating bubbles near boundaries, interaction of shock waves with bubble clouds, applications in shock wave lithotripsy, and more.

Jets Wakes and Cavities

Jets  Wakes  and Cavities Book
Author : Zarantonello Eduardo H.,G. Birkhoff
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323162711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Volume 2: Jets, Wakes, and Cavities provides a systematic discussion of jets, wakes, and cavities. This book focuses on the general aspects of ideal fluid theory and examines the engineering applications of fluid dynamics. Organized into 15 chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the different types of jets and explores the atomization of jets in carburetors in connection with gasoline engine design. This text then emphasizes the formal treatment of special flows and examines the flows that are bounded by flat plates and free streamlines. Other chapters consider the flows that are bounded by the cavity behind a symmetric wedge. This book discusses as well the intuitive momentum and similarity considerations. The final chapter deals with several surprising physical complications. Mathematician, physicists, engineers, and readers interested in the fields of applied mathematics, experimental physics, hydraulics, and aeronautics will find this book extremely useful.

Cavitation and Inhomogeneities in Underwater Acoustics

Cavitation and Inhomogeneities in Underwater Acoustics Book
Author : W. Lauterborn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642510701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cavitation and Inhomogeneities in Underwater Acoustics book written by W. Lauterborn, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Turbulence

Turbulence Book
Author : Peter Davidson
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0198722591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an advanced textbook on the subject of turbulence, and is suitable for engineers, geophysicists, and applied mathematicians. The aim of the book is to bridge the gap between the elementary, heuristic accounts of turbulence to be found in undergraduate texts, and the more rigorous, if daunting, accounts given in the many monographs on the subject. Throughout, the book combines the maximum of physical insight with the minimum of mathematical detail.

Application of Hydrodynamic Cavitation in Environmental Engineering

Application of Hydrodynamic Cavitation in Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Janusz Ozonek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-03-06
ISBN : 0203106091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Containing the state-of-the-art in hydrodynamic cavitation, the book consists of two parts. The first part presents the physical basis of cavitation and a systematic classification of various kinds of cavitation and their formation sources. Special attention is paid to a group of factors that promote cavitation formation in natural liquids. A gener

Cavitation

Cavitation Book
Author : Wojciech Borek,Tomasz Tański,Mariusz Król
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-11-28
ISBN : 1789846528
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cavitation erosion is one of the most popular phenomena of the destruction of engineering materials working in water conditions and various kinds of liquids. The cavitation effect is defined as a physical effect, induced by a variable field of liquid pressures, where bubbles or other voids (caverns) - containing steams of a given liquid, gas, or a steam-gas mixture - are formed, expanded, and disappear. A better understanding of all aspects related to cavitation wear will allow for more thoughtful analysis in the selection of innovative engineering materials additionally protected by various technologies or techniques in the field of surface engineering, and optimization of the design of constructional elements used in the cavitation environment. The novelty of this book is the presentation of extensive knowledge related to cavitation, erosion, and how to protect engineering materials against this phenomenon supported by the results of thorough research by the authors.

Cavitation of Hydraulic Machinery

Cavitation of Hydraulic Machinery Book
Author : S. C. Li
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2000
ISBN : 1860942571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume in the Hydraulic Machinery Book series deals with cavitation and its effects in turbines and pumps. After introducing cavitation and its relation with hydraulic machines, the invited contributors throughout the world review in detail relevant cavitation subjects from fundamental phenomena to various problems and solution measures in hydraulic machines. The authors are internationally recognized experts in their fields.

Sonoluminescence

Sonoluminescence Book
Author : F. Ronald Young
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-08-30
ISBN : 1135486026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While it is still a mystery of how a low-energy-density sound wave can concentrate enough energy in a small enough volume to cause the emission of light, research in acoustic cavitation and sonoluminescence has lead to plausible theories in which the source of light can be experimentally sustained. It has also lead to promising applications, such a

Characterization of Cavitation Bubbles and Sonoluminescence

Characterization of Cavitation Bubbles and Sonoluminescence Book
Author : Rachel Pflieger,Sergey I. Nikitenko,Carlos Cairós,Robert Mettin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-31
ISBN : 3030117170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest research on fundamental aspects of acoustic bubbles, and in particular on various complementary ways to characterize them. It starts with the dynamics of a single bubble under ultrasound, and then addresses few-bubble systems and the formation and development of bubble structures, before briefly reviewing work on isolated bubbles in standing acoustic waves (bubble traps) and multibubble systems where translation and interaction of bubbles play a major role. Further, it explores the interaction of bubbles with objects, and highlights non-spherical bubble dynamics and the respective collapse geometries. It also discusses the important link between bubble dynamics and energy focusing in the bubble, leading to sonochemistry and sonoluminescence. The second chapter focuses on the emission of light by cavitation bubbles at collapse (sonoluminescence) and on the information that can be gained by sonoluminescence (SL) spectroscopy, e.g. the conditions reached inside the bubbles or the nature of the excited species formed. This chapter also includes a section on the use of SL intensity measurement under pulsed ultrasound as an indirect way to estimate bubble size and size distribution. Lastly, since one very important feature of cavitation systems is their sonochemical activity, the final chapter presents chemical characterizations, the care that should be taken in using them, and the possible visualization of chemical activity. It also explores the links between bubble dynamics, SL spectroscopy and sonochemical activity. This book provides a fundamental basis for other books in the Molecular Science: Ultrasound and Sonochemistry series that are more focused on applied aspects of sonochemistry. A basic knowledge of the characterization of cavitation bubbles is indispensable for the optimization of sonochemical processes, and as such the book is useful for specialists (researchers, engineers, PhD students etc.) working in the wide area of ultrasonic processing.

Fundamentals of Multiphase Flow

Fundamentals of Multiphase Flow Book
Author : C. E. Brennen,Christopher E. Brennen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-04-18
ISBN : 9780521848046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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