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Catchment Hydrological Modelling

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Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology

Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology Book
Author : Rodger Grayson,Gunter Bloschl,Günter Blöschl
Publisher : CUP Archive
Release : 2001-08-06
ISBN : 9780521633161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes use of observed patterns in understanding and modelling hydrological response, for researchers and graduate students.

Understanding Catchment Processes and Hydrological Modelling in the Abay Upper Blue Nile Basin Ethiopia

Understanding Catchment Processes and Hydrological Modelling in the Abay Upper Blue Nile Basin  Ethiopia Book
Author : SIRAK TEKLEAB. GEBREKRISTOS
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-27
ISBN : 9781138373303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Abay / Upper Blue Nile basin contributes the largest share of discharge to the river Nile. However, the basin exhibits large spatio-temporal variability in rainfall and runoff. Moreover, human activities also impact hydrological processes through intensive agriculture, overgrazing and deforestation, which substantially affect the basin hydrology. Thus, understanding hydrological processes and hydro-climatic variables at various spatio-temporal scales is essential for sustainable management of water resources in the region. This research investigates the hydrology of the basin in depth using a range of methods at various spatio-temporal scales. The methods include long-term trend analysis of hydroclimatic variables, hydrologic responses analysis of land cover change, stable isotope techniques and process based rainfallrunoff modelling. A combination of field investigations with new measurements of precipitation, water levels and stable isotopes as well as existing hydro-climatic data offered gaining new insights about runoff generation processes in headwater catchments. The use of rainfall-runoff modelling in two meso-scale catchments of the Abay basin depict that a single model structure in a lumped way for the entire Abay basin cannot represent all the dominant hydrological processes. The results of the different approaches demonstrated the potential of the methods to better understand the basin hydrology in a data scarce region.

Catchment Hydrological Modelling

Catchment Hydrological Modelling Book
Author : Shreedhar Maskey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-26
ISBN : 0128183381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catchment Hydrological Modelling: The Science and Art covers various methods (and equations) for modeling all components of a CHM. Readers are presented with multiple methods and approaches to modeling the same component, allowing them to distinguish the differences between methods. The books also provides a clear understanding of what makes some commonly used hydrological models similar or different and what their strengths and weaknesses may be. This comprehensive guide contains questions and answers in each chapter, along with concepts and detailed equations that are fundamental to understanding CHM. This book is useful to students and professionals in the fields of catchment and hydrology, as well as environmental and civil engineers. Includes practical advice on developing and/or applying CHM models, empowering readers to do so themselves Presents practical aspects of catchment modeling, from model structure design to model operation Presents hydrological catchment modeling in a clear and coherent way while also describing different approaches for the same processes

Distributed Hydrological Modelling

Distributed Hydrological Modelling Book
Author : Michael B. Abbott,Jens Christian Refsgaard
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400902573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is the task of the engineer, as of any other professional person, to do everything that is reasonably possible to analyse the difficulties with which his or her client is confronted, and on this basis to design solutions and implement these in practice. The distributed hydrological model is, correspondingly, the means for doing everything that is reasonably possible - of mobilising as much data and testing it with as much knowledge as is economically feasible - for the purpose of analysing problems and of designing and implementing remedial measures in the case of difficulties arising within the hydrological cycle. Thus the aim of distributed hydrologic modelling is to make the fullest use of cartographic data, of geological data, of satellite data, of stream discharge measurements, of borehole data, of observations of crops and other vegetation, of historical records of floods and droughts, and indeed of everything else that has ever been recorded or remembered, and then to apply to this everything that is known about meteorology, plant physiology, soil physics, hydrogeology, sediment transport and everything else that is relevant within this context. Of course, no matter how much data we have and no matter how much we know, it will never be enough to treat some problems and some situations, but still we can aim in this way to do the best that we possibly can.

Hydrological Data Driven Modelling

Hydrological Data Driven Modelling Book
Author : Renji Remesan,Jimson Mathew
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-03
ISBN : 3319092359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores a new realm in data-based modeling with applications to hydrology. Pursuing a case study approach, it presents a rigorous evaluation of state-of-the-art input selection methods on the basis of detailed and comprehensive experimentation and comparative studies that employ emerging hybrid techniques for modeling and analysis. Advanced computing offers a range of new options for hydrologic modeling with the help of mathematical and data-based approaches like wavelets, neural networks, fuzzy logic, and support vector machines. Recently machine learning/artificial intelligence techniques have come to be used for time series modeling. However, though initial studies have shown this approach to be effective, there are still concerns about their accuracy and ability to make predictions on a selected input space.

Catchment Hydrological Modelling

Catchment Hydrological Modelling Book
Author : Shreedhar Maskey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-05-09
ISBN : 0128183373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catchment Hydrological Modelling: The Science and Art covers various methods (and equations) for modeling all components of a CHM. Readers are presented with multiple methods and approaches to modeling the same component, allowing them to distinguish the differences between methods. The books also provides a clear understanding of what makes some commonly used hydrological models similar or different and what their strengths and weaknesses may be. This comprehensive guide contains questions and answers in each chapter, along with concepts and detailed equations that are fundamental to understanding CHM. This book is useful to students and professionals in the fields of catchment and hydrology, as well as environmental and civil engineers. Includes practical advice on developing and/or applying CHM models, empowering readers to do so themselves Presents practical aspects of catchment modeling, from model structure design to model operation Presents hydrological catchment modeling in a clear and coherent way while also describing different approaches for the same processes

Computer Models of Watershed Hydrology

Computer Models of Watershed Hydrology Book
Author : Vijay P. Singh
Publisher : Water Resources Publications, LLC
Release : 2012-01-01
ISBN : 9781887201742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Computer Models of Watershed Hydrology book written by Vijay P. Singh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Landscape Analysis and Visualisation

Landscape Analysis and Visualisation Book
Author : Christopher Pettit,William Cartwright,Ian Bishop,Kim Lowell,David Pullar,David Duncan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-06-03
ISBN : 3540691685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Michael Batty Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London Landscapes, like cities, cut across disciplines and professions. This makes it especially difficult to provide an overall sense of how landscapes should be studied and researched. Ecology, aesthetics, economy and sociology combine with physiognomy and deep physical structure to confuse our - derstanding and the way we should react to the problems and potentials of landscapes. Nowhere are these dilemmas and paradoxes so clearly highlighted as in Australia — where landscapes dominate and their relationship to cities is so fragile, yet so important to the sustainability of an entire nation, if not planet. This book presents a unique collection and synthesis of many of these perspectives — perhaps it could only be produced in a land urb- ised in the tiniest of pockets, and yet so daunting with respect to the way non-populated landscapes dwarf its cities. Many travel to Australia to its cities and never see the landscapes — but it is these that give the country its power and imagery. It is the landscapes that so impress on us the need to consider how our intervention, through activities ranging from resource exploitation and settled agriculture to climate change, poses one of the greatest crises facing the modern world. In this sense, Australia and its landscape provide a mirror through which we can glimpse the extent to which our intervention in the world threatens its very existence.

Watershed Models

Watershed Models Book
Author : Vijay P. Singh,Donald K. Frevert
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-09-28
ISBN : 1420037439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Watershed modeling is at the heart of modern hydrology, supplying rich information that is vital to addressing resource planning, environmental, and social problems. Even in light of this important role, many books relegate the subject to a single chapter while books devoted to modeling focus only on a specific area of application. Recognizing the

Rainfall Runoff Modelling

Rainfall Runoff Modelling Book
Author : K. J. Beven
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-01-30
ISBN : 047071459X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rainfall-Runoff Modelling: The Primer Second Edition focuses on predicting hydrographs using models based on data and on representations of hydrological process. Dealing with the history of the development of rainfall-runoff models, uncertainty in mode predictions, good and bad practice and ending with a look at how to predict future catchment hydrological responses this book provides an essential underpinning of rainfall-runoff modelling topics."--pub. desc.

Rainfall Runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments

Rainfall Runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments Book
Author : Thorsten Wagener,Howard S Wheater,Hoshin V Gupta
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2004-09-09
ISBN : 1783260661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This important monograph is based on the results of a study on the identification of conceptual lumped rainfall-runoff models for gauged and ungauged catchments. The task of model identification remains difficult despite decades of research. A detailed problem analysis and an extensive review form the basis for the development of a Matlab® modelling toolkit consisting of two components: a Rainfall-Runoff Modelling Toolbox (RRMT) and a Monte Carlo Analysis Toolbox (MCAT). These are subsequently applied to study the tasks of model identification and evaluation. A novel dynamic identifiability approach has been developed for the gauged catchment case. The theory underlying the application of rainfall-runoff models for predictions in ungauged catchments is studied, problems are highlighted and promising ways to move forward are investigated. Modelling frameworks for both gauged and ungauged cases are developed. This book presents the first extensive treatment of rainfall-runoff model identification in gauged and ungauged catchments. Contents:Rainfall-Runoff Modelling — A ReviewA Toolkit for Rainfall-Runoff ModellingModelling Gauged Catchments — Local ProceduresModelling Ungauged Catchments — Regional ProceduresDiscussion, Conclusions and Recommendations for Future Research Readership: Graduate students, academics, researchers, practitioners and consultants in hydrology, civil engineering and environmental engineering. Key Features:The only monograph to describe in detail the application of rainfall-runoff models to gauged and ungauged catchmentsThe only text to focus on the most popular approach to rainfall-runoff modellingAll the Matlab® tools developed and used for the presented research can be downloaded free of charge for non-commercial applications (teaching and research)Keywords:Hydrology;Rainfall-Runoff Modelling;Parameter Estimation;Predictions in Ungauged Basins;Regionalisation;Uncertainty Analysis;Information Content;Multi-Criteria Analysis;Monte Carlo

Scale Issues in Hydrological Modelling

Scale Issues in Hydrological Modelling Book
Author : J. D. Kalma,M. Sivapalan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1995-09-11
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a growing need for appropriate models which address the management of land and water resources and ecosystems at large space and time scales. Theories of non-linear hydrological processes must be extrapolated to large-scale, three-dimensional natural systems such as drainage basins, flood plains and wetlands. This book reports on recent progress in research on scale issues in hydrological modelling. It brings together 27 papers from two special issues of the journal Hydrological Processes. The book makes a significant contribution towards developing research strategies for linking model parameterisations across a range of temporal and spatial scales. The papers selected for this book reflect the tremendous advances which have been made in research into scale issues in hydrological modelling during the last ten years.

Weather Radar Information and Distributed Hydrological Modelling

Weather Radar Information and Distributed Hydrological Modelling Book
Author : Yasuto Tachikawa
Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9781901502374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Weather Radar Information and Distributed Hydrological Modelling book written by Yasuto Tachikawa, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Design Hydrology and Sedimentology for Small Catchments

Design Hydrology and Sedimentology for Small Catchments Book
Author : Charles Thomas Haan,Billy J. Barfield,J. C. Hayes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0123123402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Clean Water Act, with its emphasis on storm water and sediment control in urban areas, has created a compelling need for information in small-catchment hydrology. Design Hydrology and Sedimentology for Small Catchments provides the basic information and techniques required for understanding and implementing design systems to control runoff, erosion, and sedimentation. It will be especially useful to those involved in urban and industrial planning anddevelopment, surface mining activities, storm water management, sediment control, and environmental management. This class-tested text, which presents many solved problems throughout as well as solutions at the end of each chapter, is suitable for undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education courses. In addition, practicing professionals will find it a valuable reference. Anderson/Woessner: APPLIED GROUNDWATER MODELING (1992) Shuirman/Slosson: FORENSIC ENGINEERING (1992) de Marsily: QUANTITATIVE HYDROGEOLOGY (1986) Selley: APPLIED SEDIMENTOLOGY, THIRD EDITION (1988) Huyakorn: COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SUBSURFACE FLOW (1986) Pinder: FINITE ELEMENT MODELING IN SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE HYDROLOGY (1977) Key Features * Covers major new improvements and state-of-the-art technologies in sediment control technology * Provides in-depth information on estimating the impact of land-use changes on runoff and flood flows, as well as on estimating erosion and sediment yield from small catchments * Presents superior coverage on design of flood and sediment detention ponds and design of runoff and sediment control measures

Hydrological Modelling and the Water Cycle

Hydrological Modelling and the Water Cycle Book
Author : Soroosh Sorooshian,Kuo-lin Hsu,Erika Coppola,Barbara Tomassetti,Marco Verdecchia,Guido Visconti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-07-18
ISBN : 3540778438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a collection of a selected number of articles based on presentations at the 2005 L’Aquila (Italy) Summer School on the topic of “Hydrologic Modeling and Water Cycle: Coupling of the Atmosphere and Hydrological Models”. The p- mary focus of this volume is on hydrologic modeling and their data requirements, especially precipitation. As the eld of hydrologic modeling is experiencing rapid development and transition to application of distributed models, many challenges including overcoming the requirements of compatible observations of inputs and outputs must be addressed. A number of papers address the recent advances in the State-of-the-art distributed precipitation estimation from satellites. A number of articles address the issues related to the data merging and use of geo-statistical techniques for addressing data limitations at spatial resolutions to capture the h- erogeneity of physical processes. The participants at the School came from diverse backgrounds and the level of - terest and active involvement in the discussions clearly demonstrated the importance the scienti c community places on challenges related to the coupling of atmospheric and hydrologic models. Along with my colleagues Dr. Erika Coppola and Dr. Kuolin Hsu, co-directors of the School, we greatly appreciate the invited lectures and all the participants. The members of the local organizing committee, Drs Barbara Tomassetti; Marco Verdecchia and Guido Visconti were instrumental in the success of the school and their contributions, both scienti cally and organizationally are much appreciated.

Integrating Multiple Sources of Information for Improving Hydrological Modelling an Ensemble Approach

Integrating Multiple Sources of Information for Improving Hydrological Modelling  an Ensemble Approach Book
Author : Isnaeni Murdi Hartanto
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-04-24
ISBN : 1000468240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The availability of Earth observation and numerical weather prediction data for hydrological modelling and water management has increased significantly, creating a situation that today, for the same variable, estimates may be available from two or more sources of information. Yet, in hydrological modelling, usually, a particular set of catchment characteristics and input data is selected, possibly ignoring other relevant data sources. In this thesis, therefore, a framework is being proposed to enable effective use of multiple data sources in hydrological modelling. In this framework, each available data source is used to derive catchment parameter values or input time series. Each unique combination of catchment and input data sources thus leads to a different hydrological simulation result: a new ensemble member. Together, the members form an ensemble of hydrological simulations. By following this approach, all available data sources are used effectively and their information is preserved. The framework also accommodates for applying multiple data-model integration methods, e.g. data assimilation. Each alternative integration method leads to yet another unique simulation result. Case study results for a distributed hydrological model of Rijnland, the Netherlands, show that the framework can be applied effectively, improve discharge simulation, and partially account for parameter and data uncertainty.

Predictions in Ungauged Basins

Predictions in Ungauged Basins Book
Author : Murugesu Sivapalan
Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781901502480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Predictions in Ungauged Basins book written by Murugesu Sivapalan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Integrating Multiple Sources of Information for Improving Hydrological Modelling an Ensemble Approach

Integrating Multiple Sources of Information for Improving Hydrological Modelling  an Ensemble Approach Book
Author : Isnaeni Murdi Hartanto
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-04-24
ISBN : 1000458687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The availability of Earth observation and numerical weather prediction data for hydrological modelling and water management has increased significantly, creating a situation that today, for the same variable, estimates may be available from two or more sources of information. Yet, in hydrological modelling, usually, a particular set of catchment characteristics and input data is selected, possibly ignoring other relevant data sources. In this thesis, therefore, a framework is being proposed to enable effective use of multiple data sources in hydrological modelling. In this framework, each available data source is used to derive catchment parameter values or input time series. Each unique combination of catchment and input data sources thus leads to a different hydrological simulation result: a new ensemble member. Together, the members form an ensemble of hydrological simulations. By following this approach, all available data sources are used effectively and their information is preserved. The framework also accommodates for applying multiple data-model integration methods, e.g. data assimilation. Each alternative integration method leads to yet another unique simulation result. Case study results for a distributed hydrological model of Rijnland, the Netherlands, show that the framework can be applied effectively, improve discharge simulation, and partially account for parameter and data uncertainty.

APAC 2019

APAC 2019 Book
Author : Nguyen Trung Viet,Dou Xiping,Tran Thanh Tung
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-25
ISBN : 9811502919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents selected articles from the International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts (APAC 2019), an event intended to promote academic and technical exchange on coastal related studies, including coastal engineering and coastal environmental problems, among Asian and Pacific countries/regions. APAC is jointly supported by the Chinese Ocean Engineering Society (COES), the Coastal Engineering Committee of the Japan Society of Civil Engineers (JSCE), and the Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers (KSCOE). APAC is jointly supported by the Chinese Ocean Engineering Society (COES), the Coastal Engineering Committee of the Japan Society of Civil Engineers (JSCE), and the Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers (KSCOE).

Modelling of Hydrological Processes in the Narew Catchment

Modelling of Hydrological Processes in the Narew Catchment Book
Author : Dorota Świątek,Tomasz Okruszko
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-06
ISBN : 9783642190599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since climate and land use strongly affect the runoff pattern and intensity of solute export, it is likely that some observations and conclusions formulated on the basis of investigations carried out in forested catchment may not be fully adequate to describe controls on solute export from agricultural watersheds. The primary objective of the present research is to better understand the flow paths that affect the fluxes of dissolved compounds from a small agricultural catchment during snowmelt. This book focuses on spring snowmelt, because this is the dominant hydrological event in many moderate and high latitude catchments and, thus, is regarded as a prominent factor influencing the quality of surface waters