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Cardiovascular Implications Of Stress And Depression

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Cardiovascular Implications of Stress and Depression

Cardiovascular Implications of Stress and Depression Book
Author : Paul D. Chantler,Kevin T. Larkin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-27
ISBN : 0128150165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cardiovascular Implications of Stress and Depression provides an in-depth examination on how exposure to stress influences risk for cardiovascular disease and how depression is associated with this relationship. This authoritative volume examines causal pathways linking stress, depression and cardiovascular disease. In addition, it provides mechanistic insights into how environmental stress can lead to cardiovascular diseases. Current information about mechanistic factors, clinical and epidemiological aspects, and management issues associated with stress/depression are presented. These insights demonstrate how the mechanisms behind chronic stress and depression lead to cardiovascular diseases. In addition, their role in existing diseases (such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes) is explored. Provides the latest information on how stress leads to depression and how stress/depression interacts to accelerate cardiovascular diseases, including stroke Delivers insights on how mechanisms of stress/depression affect vasculature Explores how to best research this topic from human and pre-clinical models

Depression and Heart Disease

Depression and Heart Disease Book
Author : Alexander Glassman,Mario M. Maj,Norman Sartorius
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-06-20
ISBN : 1119957621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recently, there has been a growing awareness of the multiple interrelationships between depression and various physical diseases. Patients with psychiatric problems, particularly depression, may be more susceptible to cardiovascular disorders. Depression and Heart Disease synthesizes current evidence, including some previously unpublished data, in a concise, easy-to-read format. The authors succinctly describe the epidemiology, pathogenesis (including cytokines and genetics), and risk factors of the comorbidity between depression and heart disease. The book also reviews the best pharmacological and psychotherapeutic approaches for people with this comorbidity.

Stress and Cardiovascular Disease

Stress and Cardiovascular Disease Book
Author : Paul Hjemdahl,Annika Rosengren,Andrew Steptoe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-01
ISBN : 9781848824195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main aim of this book is to evaluate the concept of stress and provide tools for physicians to identify patients who might benefit from stress management. This will incorporate a detailed description of the physiological and pathophysiological consequences of acute and chronic stress that might lead to cardiovascular disease. The book will aim to critically evaluate interventional research (behavioural and other therapies) and provide evidence based recommendations on how to manage stress in the cardiovascular patient. Our intentions are to define and highlight stress as an etiological factor for cardiovascular disease, and to describe an evidence based "tool box" that physicians may use to identify and manage patients in whom stress may be an important contributing factor for their disease and their risk of suffering cardiovascular complications.

Well being and Quality of Life

Well being and Quality of Life Book
Author : Mukadder Mollaoglu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-09-06
ISBN : 9535135139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chapters in this book focus on the physical, social, and emotional components of the concept of quality of life. How diseases affect the quality of life of people is mainly discussed. The influence of diseases on quality of life in age-specific periods such as childhood, youth, and old age is also emphasized. In some non-disease-related environmental factors, specific social phenomena have also been analyzed. I hope that current research and research results in the book will be used to increase the quality of life by health professionals. This book will attract not only health workers but also environmentalists and social scientists and behavioral scientists.

Medicinal Cannabis and CBD in Mental Healthcare

Medicinal Cannabis and CBD in Mental Healthcare Book
Author : Kylie O'Brien,Philip Blair
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-27
ISBN : 3030785599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book functions as a clinician’s guide to the use of cannabidiol (CBD) in the treatment of mental health conditions. It conveys the scientific evidence of efficacy of CBD as well as THC and addresses the social stigma attached to its medical use. The book describes the endocannabinoid system, how stress and the endocannabinoid system interact and key constituents, pharmacokinetics and safety aspects of medicinal cannabis, focusing on CBD and THC. Chapters on specific mental health conditions describe the underpinning pathomechanisms including how the endocannabinoid system is involved, and summarises the scientific evidence including animal and human research for the use of CBD and THC in treatment of such conditions. Topics covered include anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, insomnia, Alzheimer's Disease and autism spectrum disorder. Chapters also discuss treatment guidelines and case studies. Unique and focused, Medicinal Cannabis and CBD in Mental Healthcare is an invaluable reference for medical practitioners seeking to adopt CBD-use in their treatment plans.

Risk and Manifestation of Cardiovascular Disease Among Cancer Caregivers

Risk and Manifestation of Cardiovascular Disease Among Cancer Caregivers Book
Author : Kelly M Shaffer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Family members and friends who provide unpaid care to an ill relative tend to experience higher levels of stress, more depressive symptoms, and greater vulnerability to disease than the general population (Pinquart & Sörensen, 2003). This study was to determine whether cancer caregivers experience an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and to examine the extent to which psychosocial variables related to the disease outcomes. A total of 896 caregivers participated in a national survey at two years after the diagnosis of their relative with cancer (T1), and 607 participated again at five years post-diagnosis (T2) provided self-report data on study variables. Raw prevalence rates for CVD risk conditions (hypertension, obesity, high cholesterol, and diabetes) and CVD manifestations (angina, coronary heart disease, cardiac arrest, congestive heart failure, heart attack, and stroke) were adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, and gender for comparison with similarly adjusted U.S. population rates. Comparisons showed that although cancer caregivers have comparable cardiovascular health at both two (T1) and five (T2) years post-diagnosis, caregivers had significant increases in prevalence of all conditions studied between observations. Next, the extent to which three psychosocial variables related to the development of CVD risk conditions and manifestations was investigated using hierarchical logistic regression analysis. Subjective caregiving stress at T1 marginally significantly predicted development of any of the CVD risk factors studied by T2. Greater levels of depressive symptoms at T1 significantly predicted the development of several risk conditions and manifestations at T2: obesity, any of the CVD manifestation conditions studied, and irregular heartbeat/CHF/heart attack. Greater depressive symptoms at T1 also aggravated the adverse effect of subjective caregiving stress on development of two CVD manifestations: development of any CVD manifestation studied and irregular heartbeat/ pacemaker/murmur specifically. Men were more likely to develop the CVD risk factor of high cholesterol and CVD manifestation of cardiac arrest/CHF/heart attack by T2 than women. Gender was not a significant moderator of the link between subjective caregiving stress and CVD outcomes. Findings suggest that while cancer caregivers as a whole have comparable cardiovascular health to the national population through five years after their relative's initial cancer diagnosis, distressed caregivers during earlier survivorship phase may be at a higher risk of developing CVDs later in the caregiving trajectory.

Ayurveda in The New Millennium

Ayurveda in The New Millennium Book
Author : D. Suresh Kumar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-10
ISBN : 100020488X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ayurveda or "the sacred knowledge of longevity" has been practiced in India and many Asian countries since time immemorial. Interest in Ayurveda started growing all over the world in the late 1970s, following the Alma Ata Declaration adopted by the W.H.O. in 1978. Ayurveda in the New Millennium: Emerging Roles and Future Challenges attempts to survey the progress made in this field and to formulate a course of action to take Ayurveda through the new millennium. It also identifies the many stumbling blocks that need to be removed if Ayurveda is to cater to the needs of a wider audience. Features: Newer insights into the history of Ayurveda Regulatory aspects of the manufacture of ayurvedic medicines Industrial production of traditional ayurvedic medicines Quality control The scientific rationale of single herb therapy Biological effects of ayurvedic formulations Optimization of ancient wisdom and newer knowledge Conservation of threatened herbs Nutraceuticals and cosmeceuticals from Ayurveda Critical view of Ayurveda in the West Direction for the Ayurveda renaissance Ayurveda in the New Millennium: Emerging Roles and Future Challenges describes the strength of Ayurveda and how to usher in the Ayurveda renaissance. This book will be of interest to proponents of Ayurveda and all branches of traditional and alternative medicine. Experts from the fields of medicine, pharmacology, new drug discovery and food technology will also find it useful.

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Sleep Medicine and Research
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2006-10-13
ISBN : 0309101115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical practice related to sleep problems and sleep disorders has been expanding rapidly in the last few years, but scientific research is not keeping pace. Sleep apnea, insomnia, and restless legs syndrome are three examples of very common disorders for which we have little biological information. This new book cuts across a variety of medical disciplines such as neurology, pulmonology, pediatrics, internal medicine, psychiatry, psychology, otolaryngology, and nursing, as well as other medical practices with an interest in the management of sleep pathology. This area of research is not limited to very young and old patientsâ€"sleep disorders reach across all ages and ethnicities. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation presents a structured analysis that explores the following: Improving awareness among the general public and health care professionals. Increasing investment in interdisciplinary somnology and sleep medicine research training and mentoring activities. Validating and developing new and existing technologies for diagnosis and treatment. This book will be of interest to those looking to learn more about the enormous public health burden of sleep disorders and sleep deprivation and the strikingly limited capacity of the health care enterprise to identify and treat the majority of individuals suffering from sleep problems.

The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication

The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication Book
Author : Teresa L. Thompson,Nancy Grant Harrington
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 1000451380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A seminal text in the field, this new edition of The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication provides students and scholars with a comprehensive survey of the subject’s key research foundations and trends, authored by the discipline’s leading scholars. The third edition has been completely updated and reorganized to guide both new researchers and experienced scholars through the most critical and contemporary topics in health communication today. There are eight major sections covering a range of issues, including interpersonal and family health communication; patient-provider communication; healthcare provider and organizational health communication; mediated health communication; campaigns, interventions, and technology applications; and broad issues such as health literacy, health equity, and intercultural communication. Attention also is devoted to foundational issues in health communication, such as theory and method; multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary communication research; research translation, implementation, and dissemination; and narrative health communication. There is new attention to policy and NGOs, the environment, public health crises, global health, mental health and mental illness, and marginalized populations such as Black, Latinx (a/o), Native/First People, and LGBTQ+ individuals, as well as challenges the multiple challenges health communication researchers face in conducting research. The handbook will continue to serve as an invaluable resource for students, researchers, scholars, policymakers, and healthcare professionals doing work in health communication.

Future of Work Work Family Satisfaction and Employee Well Being in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Future of Work  Work Family Satisfaction  and Employee Well Being in the Fourth Industrial Revolution Book
Author : Abe, Ethel Ndidiamaka
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-11-13
ISBN : 1799833496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disruptions are being caused in the workplace due to the development of advanced software technology and the speed at which these technological advancements are being produced. These disruptions could take diverse forms and affect various aspects of work and the lives of entities in the workplaces and families of the individual employees. Work and family are caught in the crossfire between technological disruptions and human adaptation. Hence, there is a need to assess the overall effect that the Fourth Industrial Revolution would have on work, employee work-family satisfaction, and employee well-being. Future of Work, Work-Family Satisfaction, and Employee Well-Being in the Fourth Industrial Revolution is a critical reference source that discusses practical solutions and strategies to manage challenges and address fears regarding the effect of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on the future of employment and the workforce. Featuring research on topics such as corporate governance, job satisfaction, and mental health, this book is ideally designed for human resource professionals, business managers, industry professionals, government officials, policymakers, corporate strategists, consultants, work-life balance experts, human resources software developers, business policy experts, academicians, researchers, and students.

Deep Learning Applications for Cyber Physical Systems

Deep Learning Applications for Cyber Physical Systems Book
Author : Mundada, Monica R.,Seema, S.,K.G., Srinivasa,Shilpa, M.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-12-17
ISBN : 1799881636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Big data generates around us constantly from daily business, custom use, engineering, and science activities. Sensory data is collected from the internet of things (IoT) and cyber-physical systems (CPS). Merely storing such a massive amount of data is meaningless, as the key point is to identify, locate, and extract valuable knowledge from big data to forecast and support services. Such extracted valuable knowledge is usually referred to as smart data. It is vital to providing suitable decisions in business, science, and engineering applications. Deep Learning Applications for Cyber-Physical Systems provides researchers a platform to present state-of-the-art innovations, research, and designs while implementing methodological and algorithmic solutions to data processing problems and designing and analyzing evolving trends in health informatics and computer-aided diagnosis in deep learning techniques in context with cyber physical systems. Covering topics such as smart medical systems, intrusion detection systems, and predictive analytics, this text is essential for computer scientists, engineers, practitioners, researchers, students, and academicians, especially those interested in the areas of internet of things, machine learning, deep learning, and cyber-physical systems.

International Textbook of Obesity

International Textbook of Obesity Book
Author : Per Björntorp
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2001-06-15
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The prevalence of obesity has now reached such proportions that in many parts of the world it is one of the most dominant health problems. Obesity leads to a number of serious diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stroke and cancer as well as psychological problems and a poor quality of life. Obesity research is now very active and understanding of the disease has greatly increased. The International Textbook of Obesity offers a definitive coverage of the area looking at epidemiology, causes, current research and management. * Gives an up to date account of the field * Edited by a leading expert in the area * Contributions from an impressive array of authors including many from young researchers giving new perspectives on the issues This will be a lasting reference for a wide range of academic and professional health care workers, including obesity research specialists, diebetologists, nutritionists, practising physicians and endocrinologists.

Research Anthology on Changing Dynamics of Diversity and Safety in the Workforce

Research Anthology on Changing Dynamics of Diversity and Safety in the Workforce Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-07-16
ISBN : 1668424061
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recent COVID-19 pandemic has emphasized the importance of safety and ergonomics in the workplace. From work-life balance and mental health to risk prevention, maintaining a healthy and happy workforce has become essential for the progress of every company. Moreover, ensuring inclusive spaces has become a pillar of business with some worrying that the diversity agenda will be overshadowed by the recent pandemic. It is imperative that current research is compiled that sheds light on the advancements being made in promoting diversity and wellbeing in the modern workforce. The Research Anthology on Changing Dynamics of Diversity and Safety in the Workforce is a comprehensive reference source that provides the latest emerging research on diversity management and initiatives as well as occupational health and safety practices in the workplace. These concepts are necessary for global workplaces to remain safe, efficient, and inclusive. Covering topics such as employee equity, human resources practices, and worker wellbeing, this anthology provides an excellent resource for researchers, human resources personnel, managers, safety officers, policymakers, CEOs, students, professors, and academicians.

Coronary Prone Behavior

Coronary Prone Behavior Book
Author : T. M. Dembroski,S. M. Weiss,J. L. Shields,S. G. Haynes,M. Feinleib
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 3642860079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Almost two decades ago, Drs. Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman de veloped the concept of the Type A coronary-prone behavior pattern and pioneered research in the area. Since then, much effort has been devoted to investigating both medical and psychosocial implications of this phenomenon by an impressive array of biomedical and behavioral scientists. On the basis of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's (NHLBI) recent Congressional mandate concerning disease prevention and control, the Division of Heart and Vascular Diseases undertook an intensive review of the existing literature in this area. The review underscored that the very nature of the concept of coronary-prone behavior requires examination by researchers from a variety of disciplines. Publication of findings in both the medical and behavioral literature, however, has created difficulties in gaining a truly com prehensive understanding of the total effort in this area. It became obvious that there was no coherent integration of information regarding the strength of the association between behaviors and disease processes (or outcomes), how be havioral factors associated with coronary heart disease were measured, the possible physiological mechanisms mediating the relationship between be havior and disease, whether intervention could be effective, and what forms of intervention appeared most promising. In short, a clear need existed to or ganize this information in a more coherent fashion so that it could be subjected to critical review by members of both the medical and behavioral scientific communities.

Celebrating Twenty Years of the Brazilian Symposium on Cardiovascular Physiology

Celebrating Twenty Years of the Brazilian Symposium on Cardiovascular Physiology Book
Author : Camille M. Balarini,Valdir A. Braga
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-06-09
ISBN : 2889451763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This e-book is dedicated to the celebration of 20 years of the Brazilian Symposium on Cardiovascular Physiology. In 1996 groups from the School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo (FMRP-USP) and from the Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP) joined together to discuss cardiovascular physiology. In subsequent editions of the meeting, the participation of other groups from all over the country has grown and acquired the status of a national symposium. The participants now agree that the symposium should be itinerant and that the chair group is responsible for its organization. In 2016, we proudly reached the 20th edition of the Brazilian Symposium on Cardiovascular Physiology. It is certainly a memorable date and a great opportunity to share the accomplishments of Brazilian groups in the field of cardiovascular physiology.

Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine

Nutritional and Integrative Strategies in Cardiovascular Medicine Book
Author : Stephen T. Sinatra,Mark C. Houston
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-04-02
ISBN : 1466572272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite 40 years of aggressive pharmaceutical and surgical interventions, coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the number one killer of women and men in Western civilization. When it comes to CAD, prevention is easier than cure, and if CAD does present itself, a combination of conventional and alternative methodologies can truly make a difference

Ellestad s Stress Testing

Ellestad s Stress Testing Book
Author : Myrvin H. Ellestad,Gregory S. Thomas,L. Samuel Wann
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 0190225483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The sixth edition of Ellestad's classic text on cardiac stress testing has been extensively updated and re-written to communicate contemporary understanding of the classical principles of stress testing to clinicians and researchers, students and seasoned practitioners alike. The current techniques for performing stress tests presented herein reflect major technologic advances in imaging, physiologic monitoring and the assessment of cardiovascular risk, addressing fundamental paradigm shifts in interventional, surgical and medical treatment of heart disease. Moreover, the text addresses the dramatic changes that are occurring in patient demographics and the environmental, socioeconomic, gender and genomic factors that crucially impact heart disease and warrant attention when performing cardiac stress testing. Chapters on the physiology of exercise testing including practical details regarding protocols for conducting the stress test, proper supervision, important parameters to be monitored, and the diagnostic and prognostic information to be gleaned from the electrocardiogram set the stage for expanded chapters on the use of cardiac imaging in conjunction with stress testing. Physiologic and metabolic considerations during stress testing are covered in detail. Application of stress testing to special populations, such as women, children, athletes, and individuals in both high and low risk groups are covered in new chapters. Finally, the authors address the use of stress testing in limited resource environments and discuss global changes in the incidence of atherosclerosis, and suggest how stress testing may evolve.

Sudden Cardiac Death in the Athlete

Sudden Cardiac Death in the Athlete Book
Author : N. A. Mark Estes,Deeb Salem,Paul Wang
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 1998-09-11
ISBN : 9780879936914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The unexpected death of an athlete during exercise is a tragic irony - albeit with a history dating back to Pheldippides, who collapsed after his original Marathon run. We are more apt to consider vigorous exercise as a protective measure against cardiovascular events and not as a triggering mechanism for them. The relative rarity of such episodes makes the screening of those at risk even more of a challenge. This challenge is well met in this unique text, the first to deal specifically, authoritatively, and comprehensively with the issues of prediction and prevention of sudden cardiac death in the athlete. Many of the underlying cardiovascular diseases that put athletes at risk are identified and explained, including: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy arrhythmogenic right venticular dysplasia Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome anomalous origin of the coronary arteries inherited long QT syndromes The screening guidelines are of particular value, as are the recommendations regarding the participation of athletes with cardiovascular disease. Beyond its clinical scope, the editors have incorporated current information in epidemiology, cardiovascular pathophysiology, and the many vexing legal and ethical issues. With its in-depth, multi-faceted approach and prominent contributors, Sudden Cardiac Death in the Athlete is sure to be a much welcomed reference for sports medicine and team physicians, athletic directors and trainers, family practitioners, pediatricians, and cardiologists.

First Episode Psychosis

First Episode Psychosis Book
Author : Katherine J. Aitchison,Robin M. Murray,Patrick J. R. Power,Eva M. Tsapakis
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-02-17
ISBN : 9781853174353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of this popular handbook has been thoroughly updated to include the latest data concerning treatment of first-episode patients. Drawing from their experience, the authors discuss the presentation and assessment of the first psychotic episode and review the appropriate use of antipsychotic agents and psychosocial approaches in effective management.

Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression Book
Author : Joao Luciano de Quevedo,Andre Ferrer Carvalho,Carlos A. Zarate
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-03
ISBN : 0128133341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiology of Depression: Road to Novel Therapeutics synthesizes the basic neurobiology of major depressive disorder with discussions on the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of MDD, omics technologies, genetic approaches, and the development of novel optogenetic approaches that are changing research perspectives and revolutionizing research into depression. These basic foundational understandings on the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research are combined in this book to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of MDD. Depression is one of the most common mental-health disorders caused by a variety of genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is typically treated with first-line antidepressant agents that primarily target monoamine neurotransmission. However, only approximately one-third of patients with MDD achieve remission following a trial with such an antidepressant. Furthermore, MDD is a heterogeneous phenotype, and new frameworks, such as the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) may provide a more accurate, biologically based comprehension of the symptomatic heterogeneity of this devastating illness. Aids readers in understanding major depressive disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments, to antidepressants and novel therapeutics Synthesizes discussions on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with the clinical aspects of depression