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Petro physics and Rock Physics of Carbonate Reservoirs

Petro physics and Rock Physics of Carbonate Reservoirs Book
Author : Kumar Hemant Singh,Ritesh Mohan Joshi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 9811312117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents selected articles from the workshop on "Challenges in Petrophysical Evaluation and Rock Physics Modeling of Carbonate Reservoirs" held at IIT Bombay in November 2017. The articles included explore the challenges associated with using well-log data, core data analysis, and their integration in the qualitative and quantitative assessment of petrophysical and elastic properties in carbonate reservoirs. The book also discusses the recent trends and advances in the area of research and development of carbonate reservoir characterization, both in industry and academia. Further, it addresses the challenging concept of porosity portioning, which has huge implications for exploration and development success in these complex reservoirs, enabling readers to understand the varying orders of deposition and diagenesis and also to model the flow and elastic properties.

Seismic Imaging of Carbonate Reservoirs and Systems

Seismic Imaging of Carbonate Reservoirs and Systems Book
Author : Gregor P. Eberli,Jose Luis Masaferro,J. Frederick Sarg
Publisher : AAPG
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 0891813624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Seismic Imaging of Carbonate Reservoirs and Systems book written by Gregor P. Eberli,Jose Luis Masaferro,J. Frederick Sarg, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Carbonate Reservoir Characterization A Geologic Engineering Analysis

Carbonate Reservoir Characterization  A Geologic Engineering Analysis Book
Author : G.C. Dominguez,F. Samaniego V.
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1992-01-17
ISBN : 9780080868882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book integrates those critical geologic aspects of reservoir formation and occurrence with engineering aspects of reservoirs, and presents a comprehensive treatment of the geometry, porosity and permeability evolution, and producing characteristics of carbonate reservoirs. The three major themes discussed are: • the geometry of carbonate reservoirs and relationship to original depositional facies distributions • the origin and types of porosity and permeability systems in carbonate reservoirs and their relationship to post-depositional diagenesis • the relationship between depositional and diagenetic facies and producing characteristics of carbonate reservoirs, and the synergistic geologic-engineering approach to the exploitation of carbonate reservoirs. The intention of the volume is to fully aquaint professional petroleum geologists and engineers with an integrated geologic and engineering approach to the subject. As such, it presents a unique critical appraisal of the complex parameters that affect the recovery of hydrocarbon resources from carbonate rocks. The book may also be used as a text in petroleum geology and engineering courses at the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels.

Carbonate Reservoirs

Carbonate Reservoirs Book
Author : Clyde H. Moore,William J. Wade
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-08-12
ISBN : 012808099X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The porosity of carbonates as compared to sandstones is vastly more complex with simple intergrain porosity dominates sandstones while carbonates commonly exhibit complex secondary pore systems that may evolve during burial. Initial porosity of carbonates is much greater than that seen in sandstones due to common intragranular porosity. Fractures, both natural and induced, are much more important in carbonates. Diagenesis is a major factor in the development of ultimate pore systems in carbonates. The geologically based Choquette–Pray carbonate porosity classification is the most commonly used scheme. Their 15 different pore types are based on fabric selectivity. A major feature of the classification is its recognition of the potential of porosity evolution through time and burial. Three porosity development zones are recognized: eogenetic, dealing with surface processes; mesogenetic, dealing with burial processes; and telogenetic, exhumed rocks dealing again with surface processes. This classification is best used during exploration, while other engineering-based classifications such as the one developed by Lucia should be used in reservoir characterization and as input for reservoir modeling. Examples of all 15 pore types are given.

Geology of Carbonate Reservoirs

Geology of Carbonate Reservoirs Book
Author : Wayne M. Ahr
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-20
ISBN : 1118210387
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An accessible resource, covering the fundamentals of carbonatereservoir engineering Includes discussions on how, where and why carbonate areformed, plus reviews of basic sedimentological and stratigraphicprinciples to explain carbonate platform characteristics andstratigraphic relationships Offers a new, genetic classification of carbonate porosity thatis especially useful in predicting spatial distribution of porenetworks. Includes a solution manual

Low Salinity and Engineered Water Injection for Sandstone and Carbonate Reservoirs

Low Salinity and Engineered Water Injection for Sandstone and Carbonate Reservoirs Book
Author : Emad Walid Al Shalabi,Kamy Sepehrnoori
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2017-06-14
ISBN : 0128136057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Low Salinity and Engineered Water Injection for Sandstones and Carbonate Reservoirs provides a first of its kind review of the low salinity and engineered water injection (LSWI/EWI) techniques for today’s more complex enhanced oil recovery methods. Reservoir engineers today are challenged in the design and physical mechanisms behind low salinity injection projects, and to date, the research is currently only located in numerous journal locations. This reference helps readers overcome these challenging issues with explanations on models, experiments, mechanism analysis, and field applications involved in low salinity and engineered water. Covering significant laboratory, numerical, and field studies, lessons learned are also highlighted along with key areas for future research in this fast-growing area of the oil and gas industry. After an introduction to its techniques, the initial chapters review the main experimental findings and explore the mechanisms behind the impact of LSWI/EWI on oil recovery. The book then moves on to the critical area of modeling and simulation, discusses the geochemistry of LSWI/EWI processes, and applications of LSWI/EWI techniques in the field, including the authors’ own recommendations based on their extensive experience. It is an essential reference for professional reservoir and field engineers, researchers and students working on LSWI/EWI and seeking to apply these methods for increased oil recovery. Teaches users how to understand the various mechanisms contributing to incremental oil recovery using low salinity and engineering water injection (LSWI/EWI) in sandstones and carbonates Balances guidance between designing laboratory experiments, to applying the LSWI/EWI techniques at both pilot-scale and full-field-scale for real-world operations Presents state-of-the-art approaches to simulation and modeling of LSWI/EWI

Geomechanics Fluid Dynamics and Well Testing Applied to Naturally Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs

Geomechanics  Fluid Dynamics and Well Testing  Applied to Naturally Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs Book
Author : Nelson Enrique Barros Galvis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-02
ISBN : 3319775014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis presents an important step towards a deeper understanding of naturally fractured carbonate reservoirs (NFCRs). It demonstrates the various kinds of discontinuities using geological evidence, mathematical kinematics model and computed tomography and uses this as a basis for proposing a new classification for NFCRs. Additionally, this study takes advantage of rock mechanics theory to illustrate how natural fractures can collapse due to fluid flow and pressure changes in the fractured media. The explanations and mathematical modeling developed in this dissertation can be used as diagnostic tools to predict fluid velocity, fluid flow, tectonic fracture collapse, pressure behavior during reservoir depleting, considering stress-sensitive and non-stress-sensitive, with nonlinear terms in the diffusivity equation applied to NFCRs. Furthermore, the book presents the description of real reservoirs with their field data as the principal goal in the mathematical description of the realistic phenomenology of NFCRs.

Development Theories and Methods of Fracture Vug Carbonate Reservoirs

Development Theories and Methods of Fracture Vug Carbonate Reservoirs Book
Author : Yang Li
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-06-01
ISBN : 0128132477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Development Theories and Methods of Fracture-Vug Carbonate Reservoirs explores the theories and methods for successful development of a fracture-vug reservoir by presenting the developmental strategies used in the Tahe oilfield. Some of the theories and methods of developing the Tahe fracture-vug reservoirs have been inspired by two China national research projects: The ‘Basic research on development of fracture-vug carbonate reservoirs’ (2006-2010), and the ‘Basic research on production mechanism and oil recovery enhancement of fracture-vugcarbonate reservoirs’ (2011-2015), with support by the National Basic Research Program of China. These theories and methods have facilitated the successful development of the fracture-vug reservoir in the Tahe oilfield, providing effective technologies and inspirations to developing similar reservoirs everywhere. Provides information on both theoretical developments and technological innovations Applies the modern karst formation characterization and the fracture-vug hierarchical structure to geological investigations of fracture-vug carbonate reservoirs Introduces the karst facies-controlling 3D geologic modeling of fracture-vug reservoir formations Proposes the coupled-processing and equivalent multi-medium numerical simulation methods of fracture-vug reservoirs Presents development methodologies and techniques of water/gas flooding

Carbonate Reservoir Characterization A Geologic Engineering Analysis

Carbonate Reservoir Characterization  A Geologic Engineering Analysis Book
Author : S.J. Mazzullo,H.H. Rieke,G.V. Chilingarian
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1996-11-22
ISBN : 9780080528564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second volume on carbonate reservoirs completes the two-volume treatise on this important topic for petroleum engineers and geologists. Together, the volumes form a complete, modern reference to the properties and production behaviour of carbonate petroleum reservoirs. The book contains valuable glossaries to geologic and petroleum engineering terms providing exact definitions for writers and speakers. Lecturers will find a useful appendix devoted to questions and problems that can be used for teaching assignments as well as a guide for lecture development. In addition, there is a chapter devoted to core analysis of carbonate rocks which is ideal for laboratory instruction. Managers and production engineers will find a review of the latest laboratory technology for carbonate formation evaluation in the chapter on core analysis. The modern classification of carbonate rocks is presented with petroleum production performance and overall characterization using seismic and well test analyses. Separate chapters are devoted to the important naturally fractured and chalk reservoirs. Throughout the book, the emphasis is on formation evaluation and performance. This two-volume work brings together the wide variety of approaches to the study of carbonate reservoirs and will therefore be of value to managers, engineers, geologists and lecturers.

Carbonate Reservoir Characterization

Carbonate Reservoir Characterization Book
Author : George V. Chilingar,S. J. Mazzullo,Herman H. Rieke
Publisher : A.Azziz Al-Naggar
Release : 2015-01-21
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Candidates for this course are recommended to attend the following:- 1- A course for carbonate reservoir characterization due its sever heterogeneity. 2- Surface geological field trips for carbonate exposures. 3- To visit sites of recent carbonate (reefs) preferably by a sub marine glass boat to observe the variation in reef distribution and growth within the same locality.

Carbonate Reservoir Heterogeneity

Carbonate Reservoir Heterogeneity Book
Author : Vahid Tavakoli
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-11
ISBN : 3030347737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the parameters and factors that cause heterogeneity in carbonate reservoirs, and examines how they interact with one another. It explores the various scales of heterogeneity, how they are caused, and how they can be minimized, as well as how the scales affect each other, providing practical examples in each chapter. The book concludes by discussing the effect of heterogeneity on petrophysical evaluations. As reducing heterogeneity is the only way to obtain accurate carbonate reservoir characteristics at the regional scale, the book offers an important reference guide for all geologists, engineers, and modelers working with subsurface data.

Fractured Vuggy Carbonate Reservoir Simulation

Fractured Vuggy Carbonate Reservoir Simulation Book
Author : Jun Yao,Zhao-Qin Huang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-08
ISBN : 3662550326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book solves the open problems in fluid flow modeling through the fractured vuggy carbonate reservoirs. Fractured vuggy carbonate reservoirs usually have complex pore structures, which contain not only matrix and fractures but also the vugs and cavities. Since the vugs and cavities are irregular in shape and vary in diameter from millimeters to meters, modeling fluid flow through fractured vuggy porous media is still a challenge. The existing modeling theory and methods are not suitable for such reservoir. It starts from the concept of discrete fracture and fracture-vug networks model, and then develops the corresponding mathematical models and numerical methods, including discrete fracture model, discrete fracture-vug model, hybrid model and multiscale models. Based on these discrete porous media models, some equivalent medium models and methods are also discussed. All the modeling and methods shared in this book offer the key recent solutions into this area.

Carbonate Reservoir Rocks

Carbonate Reservoir Rocks Book
Author : Ksenia I. Bagrintseva
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-07-29
ISBN : 1119083982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most of the world’s energy still comes from fossil fuels, and there are still many strides being made in the efficiency and cost effectiveness of extracting these important and increasingly more elusive natural resources. This is only possible if the nature of the emergence, evolution, and parameter estimation of high grade reservoir rocks at great depths is known and a theory of their forecast is developed. Over 60 percent of world oil production is currently associated with carbonate reservoir rocks. The exploration, appraisal and development of these fields are significantly complicated by a number of factors. These factors include the structural complexity of the carbonate complexes, variability of the reservoir rock types and properties within a particular deposit, many unknowns in the evaluation of fracturing and its spatial variability, and the preservation of the reservoir rock qualities with depth. The main objective of most studies is discovering patterns in the reservoir rock property changes of carbonate deposits of different genesis, composition and age. A short list of the unsolved issues includes: the role of facies environment in the carbonate formation; the major geologic factors affecting the formation of high-capacity reservoir rocks and preservation of their properties; recommendations as to the use of the new techniques in studies of the structural parameters; and establishing a correlation between the major evaluation parameters. The focus of this volume is to show the scientific and engineering community a revolutionary process. The author perfected an earlier developed methodology in studies of the void space structure (Bagrintseva’s method, 1982). This methodology is based on carbonate rock saturation with luminophore and on special techniques in processing of photographs made under UV light. The luminophore technique was combined with the raster electron microscopy and its variation, the studies under the cathode luminescence regime. This combination enabled a more detailed study of the reservoir void space, the nonuniformity in the open fracture evolution, their morphology, length and variability of openness. Over recent years these techniques have found wide application. Useful for the veteran engineer or scientist and the student alike, this book is a must-have for any geologist, engineer, or student working in the field of upstream petroleum engineering.

Carbonate Petroleum Reservoirs

Carbonate Petroleum Reservoirs Book
Author : P.O. Roehl,P.W. Choquette
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461250404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The case history approach has an impressive record of success in a variety of disciplines. Collections of case histories, casebooks, are now widely used in all sorts of specialties other than in their familiar application to law and medicine. The case method had its formal beginning at Harvard in 1871 when Christopher Lagdell developed it as a means of teaching. It was so successful in teaching law that it was soon adopted in medical education, and the col lection of cases provided the raw material for research on various diseases. Subsequently, the case history approach spread to such varied fields as busi ness, psychology, management, and economics, and there are over 100 books in print that use this approach. The idea for a series of Casebooks in Earth Sciences grew from my ex perience in organizing and editing a collection of examples of one variety of sedimentary deposits. The project began as an effort to bring some order to a large number of descriptions of these deposits that were so varied in pre sentation and terminology that even specialists found them difficult to compare and analyze. Thus, from the beginning, it was evident that something more than a simple collection of papers was needed. Accordingly, the nearly fifty contributors worked together with George de Vries Klein and me to establish a standard format for presenting the case histories.

Carbonate Reservoirs

Carbonate Reservoirs Book
Author : Clyde H. Moore,William J. Wade
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-08-12
ISBN : 0128080965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The biological influence over the origin, distribution, composition, texture, and mineralogy of carbonate sediments is stressed. Environmental factors such as light, temperature, and water depth directly affect these biological processes. Abiotic carbonate precipitation is discussed. Three carbonate factories are identified: shallow water tropical; deep water mud mound; cool-water factory developed in high and low latitudes. Basic attributes of each factory are developed. The rimmed shelf and ramp facies models of the tropical factory are detailed with the Belize shelf and Middle East Abu Dhabi as examples. The facies tract of the mud mound factory is detailed and the Devonian Canning Basin used as an example. The role of sea-level changes and carbonate sedimentation in platform development is discussed. High sea-level carbonate sediment shedding combined with lowstand sediment starvation is opposite to what is seen in regions of siliciclastic sedimentation. The dominance and importance of the Dunham rock classification is stressed. Finally, lacustrine carbonates are discussed using the African rift lakes as modern examples and developing a simple model of continental rift lake carbonate sedimentation emphasizing potential source rock and reservoir facies. The Brazil Cretaceous subsalt play of the south Atlantic rift and the potential of its African counterpart are discussed.

Advances in Carbonate Exploration and Reservoir Analysis

Advances in Carbonate Exploration and Reservoir Analysis Book
Author : J. Garland,J. E. Neilson,Stephen Ernest Laubach,Katherine J. Whidden
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1862393508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbonate reservoirs contain an increasingly important percentage of the worlds hydrocarbon reserves. This volume presents key recent advances in carbonate exploration and reservoir analysis.

Microfacies of Carbonate Rocks

Microfacies of Carbonate Rocks Book
Author : Erik Flügel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 366208726X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unparelleled reference synthesizes the methods used in microfacies analysis and details the potential of microfacies in evaluating depositional environments and diagenetic history, and, in particular, the application of microfacies data in the study of carbonate hydrocarbon reservoirs and the provenance of archaeological materials. Nearly 230 instructive plates (30 in color) showing thin-section photographs with detailed explanations form a central part of the content. Helpful teaching-learning aids include detailed captions for hundreds of microphotographs, boxed summaries of technical terms, many case studies, guidelines for the determination and evaluation of microfacies criteria, for enclosed CD with 14000 references, self-testing exercises for recognition and characterization skills, and more

Dynamic Description Technology of Fractured Vuggy Carbonate Gas Reservoirs

Dynamic Description Technology of Fractured Vuggy Carbonate Gas Reservoirs Book
Author : Hedong Sun,Tongwen Jiang,Xingliang Deng
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2019-04-12
ISBN : 012818325X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamic Description Technology of Fractured Vuggy Carbonate Gas Reservoirs delivers a critical reference to reservoir and production engineers on the basic characteristics of fractured vuggy gas reservoirs, combining both static and dynamic data to improve reservoir characterization accuracy and development. Based on the full lifecycle of well testing and advanced production decline analysis, this reference also details how to apply reservoir dynamic evaluation and reserve estimation and performance forecasting. Offering one collective location for the latest research on fractured gas reservoirs, this reference also covers physical models, analysis examples, and processes, 3D numerical well test technology, and deconvolution technology of production decline analysis. Packed with many calculation examples and more than 100 case studies, this book gives engineers a strong tool to further exploit these complex assets. Presents advanced knowledge in well test and production decline analysis, along with performance forecasting that is specific to fractured vuggy carbonate gas reservoirs Helps readers understand the characteristics, advantages, disadvantages and current limitations in technology of fractured vuggy carbonate gas reservoirs Provides a bridge from theory to practice by combining static and dynamic data to form more accurate real-world analysis and modeling