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Carbon Nanotubes Quantum Cylinders Of Graphene

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Carbon Nanotubes Quantum Cylinders of Graphene

Carbon Nanotubes  Quantum Cylinders of Graphene Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-09-10
ISBN : 9780080569918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is devoted to mostly to nanotubes, unique synthetic nanoscale quantum systems whose physical properties are often singular (i.e. record-setting). Nanotubes can be formed from a myriad of atomic or molecular species, the only requirement apparently being that the host material or “wall fabric be configurable as a layered or sheet-like structure. Nanotubes with sp2-bonded atoms such as carbon, or boron together with nitrogen, are the champions of extreme mechanical strength, electrical response (either highly conducting or highly insulating), and thermal conductance. Carbon nanotubes can be easily produced by a variety of synthesis techniques, and for this reason they are the most studied nanotubes, both experimentally and theoretically. Boron nitride nanotubes are much more difficult to produce and only limited experimental characterization data exist. Indeed, for boron nitride nanotubes, theory is well ahead of experiment. For these reasons this volume deals largely with carbon nanotubes. Conceptually, the "building block" for a carbon nanotube is a single sheet of graphite, called graphene. Recently, it has become possible to experimentally isolate such single sheets (either on a substrate or suspended). This capability has in turn fueled many new theoretical and experimental studies of graphene itself. It is therefore fitting that this volume contains also a chapter devoted to graphene. - Comprehension - Overview - Highlights in the field

Handbook of Nanophysics

Handbook of Nanophysics Book
Author : Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-09-17
ISBN : 9781420075410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering the key theories, tools, and techniques of this dynamic field, Handbook of Nanophysics: Principles and Methods elucidates the general theoretical principles and measurements of nanoscale systems. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color. This volume explores the theories involved in nanoscience. It also discusses the properties of nanomaterials and nanosystems, including superconductivity, thermodynamics, nanomechanics, and nanomagnetism. In addition, leading experts describe basic processes and methods, such as atomic force microscopy, STM-based techniques, photopolymerization, photoisomerization, soft x-ray holography, and molecular imaging. Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymers

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymers Book
Author : Roham Rafiee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-10-06
ISBN : 0323482228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers: From Nanoscale to Macroscale addresses the advances in nanotechnology that have led to the development of a new class of composite materials known as CNT-reinforced polymers. The low density and high aspect ratio, together with their exceptional mechanical, electrical and thermal properties, render carbon nanotubes as a good reinforcing agent for composites. In addition, these simulation and modeling techniques play a significant role in characterizing their properties and understanding their mechanical behavior, and are thus discussed and demonstrated in this comprehensive book that presents the state-of-the-art research in the field of modeling, characterization and processing. The book separates the theoretical studies on the mechanical properties of CNTs and their composites into atomistic modeling and continuum mechanics-based approaches, including both analytical and numerical ones, along with multi-scale modeling techniques. Different efforts have been done in this field to address the mechanical behavior of isolated CNTs and their composites by numerous researchers, signaling that this area of study is ongoing. Explains modeling approaches to carbon nanotubes, together with their application, strengths and limitations Outlines the properties of different carbon nanotube-based composites, exploring how they are used in the mechanical and structural components Analyzes the behavior of carbon nanotube-based composites in different conditions

Aligned Carbon Nanotubes

Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Zhifeng Ren,Yucheng Lan,Yang Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-05
ISBN : 3642304907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives a survey of the physics and fabrication of carbon nanotubes and their applications in optics, electronics, chemistry and biotechnology. It focuses on the structural characterization of various carbon nanotubes, fabrication of vertically or parallel aligned carbon nanotubes on substrates or in composites, physical properties for their alignment, and applications of aligned carbon nanotubes in field emission, optical antennas, light transmission, solar cells, chemical devices, bio-devices, and many others. Major fabrication methods are illustrated in detail, particularly the most widely used PECVD growth technique on which various device integration schemes are based, followed by applications such as electrical interconnects, nanodiodes, optical antennas, and nanocoax solar cells, whereas current limitations and challenges are also be discussed to lay the foundation for future developments.

Non equilibrium Many body States in Carbon Nanotube Quantum Dots

Non equilibrium Many body States in Carbon Nanotube Quantum Dots Book
Author : Tokuro Hata
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-10
ISBN : 9811376603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the first experiment revealing several unexplored non-equilibrium properties of quantum many-body states, and addresses the interplay between the Kondo effect and superconductivity by probing shot noise. In addition, it describes in detail nano-fabrication techniques for carbon nanotube quantum dots, and a measurement protocol and principle that probes both equilibrium and non-equilibrium quantum states of electrons. The book offers various reviews of topics in mesoscopic systems: shot noise measurement, carbon nanotube quantum dots, the Kondo effect in quantum dots, and quantum dots with superconducting leads, which are relevant to probing non-equilibrium physics. These reviews offer particularly valuable resources for readers interested in non-equilibrium physics in mesoscopic systems. Further, the cutting-edge experimental results presented will allow reader to catch up on a vital new trend in the field.

Carbon Nanotubes for Biomedical Applications

Carbon Nanotubes for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Rüdiger Klingeler,Robert B. Sim
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-09
ISBN : 3642148026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the potential of multi-functional carbon nanotubes for biomedical applications. It combines contributions from chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, and medicine. The complete overview of the state-of-the-art addresses different synthesis and biofunctionalisation routes and shows the structural and magnetic properties of nanotubes relevant to biomedical applications. Particular emphasis is put on the interaction of carbon nanotubes with biological environments, i.e. toxicity, biocompatibility, cellular uptake, intracellular distribution, interaction with the immune system and environmental impact. The insertion of NMR-active substances allows diagnostic usage as markers and sensors, e.g. for imaging and contactless local temperature sensing. The potential of nanotubes for therapeutic applications is highlighted by studies on chemotherapeutic drug filling and release, targeting and magnetic hyperthermia studies for anti-cancer treatment at the cellular level.

Optical Properties of Solids

Optical Properties of Solids Book
Author : Mark Fox
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-03-26
ISBN : 0191576727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date account of the optical physics of solid state materials. The basic principles of absorption, reflection, luminescence, and light scattering are covered for a wide range of materials, including insulators, semiconductors and metals. The text starts with a review of classical optics, and then moves on to the treatment of optical transition rates by quantum theory. In addition to the traditional discussion of crystalline materials, glasses and molecular solids are also covered. The first edition included a number of subjects that are not normally covered in standard texts, notably semiconductor quantum wells, molecular materials, vibronic solid state lasers, and nonlinear optics. The basic structure of the second edition is unchanged, but all of the chapters have been updated and improved. Futhermore, a number of important new topics have been added, including: · Optical control of spin · Quantum dots · Plasmonics · Negative refraction · Carbon nanostructures (graphene, nanotubes and fullerenes) · NV centres in diamond The text is aimed at final year undergraduates, masters students and researchers. It is mainly written for physicists, but might also be useful for electrical engineers, materials scientists and physical chemists. The topics are written in a clear tutorial style with worked examples, chapter summaries and exercises. A solutions manual is available on request for instructors.

Graphene

Graphene Book
Author : Serhii Shafraniuk
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-05-05
ISBN : 9814613487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene is the first example of two-dimensional materials and is the most important growth area of contemporary research. It forms the basis for new nanoelectronic applications. Graphene, which comprises field-effect structures, has remarkable physical properties. This book focuses on practical applications determined by the unique properties of graphene. Basic concepts are elucidated by end-of-chapter problems, the answers to which are provided in the accompanying solutions manual. The mechanisms of electric and thermal transport in the gated graphene, interface phenomena, quantum dots, non-equilibrium states, scattering and dissipation, as well as coherent transport in graphene junctions are considered in detail in the book. Detailed analyses and comparison between theory and experiments is complemented with a variety of practical examples. The book has evolved from the author’s own research experience and from his interaction with other scientists at tertiary institutions and is targeted at a wide audience ranging from graduate students and postdoctoral fellows to mature researchers and industrial engineers.

Nanobiomaterials

Nanobiomaterials Book
Author : Dong Yi,Georgia C. Papaefthymiou
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-08-14
ISBN : 1439876428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a continuous exchange of ideas taking place at the border of the biological and physical sciences in many areas of nanoscience. Nanotechnology uses biomimetic or bio-inspired processes to produce nanosized materials for applications in biology and other fields. In return, the fruits of nanotechnology are applied to expanding areas of biome

Solar Sails

Solar Sails Book
Author : Giovanni Vulpetti,Les Johnson,Gregory L. Matloff
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-05
ISBN : 149390941X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The reality of sunlight-based sailing in space began in May 2010, and solar sail technology and science have continued to evolve rapidly through new space missions. Using the power of the Sun's light for regular travel propulsion will be the next major leap forward in our journey to other worlds. This book is the second edition of the fascinating explanation of solar sails, how they work and how they will be used in the exploration of space. Updated with 35% new material, this second edition includes three new chapters on missions operated by Japan and the US, as well as projects that are in progress. The remainder of the book describes the heritage of exploration in water-borne sailing ships and the evolution to space-vehicle propulsion; as well as nuclear, solar-electric, nuclear-electric and antimatter rocket devices. It also discusses various sail systems that may use either sunlight or solar wind, and the design, fabrication and steering challenges associated with solar sails. The first edition was met with overwhelmingly positive reviews, and deemed “a title that needs to be on your shelf if you’re seriously interested in the next step as we move beyond rocketry" (Centauri Dreams, September 2008). Written with a mixed approach, this book appeals to both the general public as well as those with a more scientifically technical background.

Interactions Between Parallel Carbon Nanotube Quantum Dots

Interactions Between Parallel Carbon Nanotube Quantum Dots Book
Author : Karin Goß
Publisher : Forschungszentrum Jülich
Release : 2011
ISBN : 3893367403
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Interactions Between Parallel Carbon Nanotube Quantum Dots book written by Karin Goß, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hybrid Nanomaterials

Hybrid Nanomaterials Book
Author : Weibo Cai,Feng Chen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-05-25
ISBN : 1315353784
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last decade, an unprecedented expansion in the field of nanomedicine has resulted in the development of new nanomaterials for diagnosis and therapy of various diseases such as cancer. This book covers the design, synthesis and applications of various functionally-hybridized nanomaterials for biomedical applications. It includes strategies for design and synthesis of hybrid nanomaterials, surface engineering of various nanoparticle-based hybrid nanosystems for cancer imaging and therapy, toxicity aspects of nanomaterials and the challenges in translation research of hybrid nanomaterials.

Nanoneuroscience

Nanoneuroscience Book
Author : Nancy J. Woolf,Avner Priel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-04
ISBN : 3642035841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoneuroscience is the study of computationally relevant biomolecules found inside neurons. Because of recent technological advances at the nanometer scale, scientists have at their disposal increasingly better ways to study the brain and the biophysics of its molecules. This book describes how biomolecules contribute to the operations of synapses and perform other computationally relevant functions inside dendrites. These biomolecular operations considerably expand the brain-computer analogy - endowing each neuron with the processing power of a silicon-based multiprocessor. Amazingly, the brain contains hundreds of billions of neurons.

Biosensor Nanomaterials

Biosensor Nanomaterials Book
Author : Songjun Li,Jagdish Singh,He Li,Ipsita A. Banerjee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-02-25
ISBN : 9783527635177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biosensors are devices that detect the presence of microbials such as bacteria, viruses or a range biomolecules, including proteins, enzymes, DNA and RNA. For example, they are routinely applied for monitoring the glucose concentration in blood, quality analysis of fresh and waste water and for food control. Nanomaterials are ideal candidates for building sensor devces: where in just a few molecules can alter the properties so drastically that these changes may be easily detected by optical, electrical or chemical means. Recent advantages have radically increased the sensitivity of nanomaterial-based biosensors, making it possible to detect one particular molecule against a background of billions of others. Focusing on the materials suitable for biosensor applications, such as nanoparticles, quantum dots, meso- and nanoporous materials and nanotbues, this text enables the reader to prepare the respective nanomaterials for use in actual devices by appropriate functionalization, surface processing or directed self-assembly. The emphasis throughout is on electrochemical, optical and mechancial detection methods, leading to solutions for today's most challenging tasks. The result is a reference for researchers and developers, disseminating first-hand information on which nanomaterial is best suited to a particular application - and why.

Quantum Chemistry of Nanotubes

Quantum Chemistry of Nanotubes Book
Author : Pavel N. D'yachkov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-06-25
ISBN : 0429941811
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives a detailed and up-to-date overview of the linearized augmented cylindrical wave (LACW) technique for nanotubes and nanowires. The author presents the mathematical foundations together with numerous applications. Method for calculating the electronic structure of point impurities, which is based on a combination of the LACW and Green’s functions techniques, is presented. The book clearly demonstrates how the relativistic effects can be incorporated into LACW approach and how the spin-orbit coupling effects change the tubules band structure. Extensive illustrations of application to the inorganic nanotubes and nanowires make the book essential reading in this field above all.

CMOS and Beyond

CMOS and Beyond Book
Author : Tsu-Jae King Liu,Kelin Kuhn
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-02-05
ISBN : 1316148025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Get up to speed with the future of logic switch design with this indispensable overview of the most promising successors to modern CMOS transistors. Learn how to overcome existing design challenges using novel device concepts, presented using an in-depth, accessible, tutorial-style approach. Drawing on the expertise of leading researchers from both industry and academia, and including insightful contributions from the developers of many of these alternative logic devices, new concepts are introduced and discussed from a range of different viewpoints, covering all the necessary theoretical background and developmental context. Covering cutting-edge developments with the potential to overcome existing limitations on transistor performance, such as tunneling field-effect transistors (TFETs), alternative charge-based devices, spin-based devices, and more exotic approaches, this is essential reading for academic researchers, professional engineers, and graduate students working with semiconductor devices and technology.

Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture

Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Ram Lakhan Singh,Sukanta Mondal
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-09-12
ISBN : 0128122382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture: Emerging Approaches and Strategies is an outstanding collection of current research that integrates basic and advanced concepts of agricultural biotechnology with future development prospects. Using biotechnology with sustainable agriculture effectively contributes to gains in agricultural productivity, enhanced food security, reduced poverty and malnutrition, and more ecologically sustainable means of food production. Written by a panel of experts, this book is unique in its coverage of the broad area of biotechnology for sustainable agriculture. It includes intriguing topics and discussions of areas such as recombinant DNA technology and genetic engineering. Identifies and explores biotechnological tools to enhance sustainability Encompasses plant and microbial biotechnology, nanotechnology and genetic engineering Focuses on plant biotechnology and crop improvement to increase yield and resilience Summarizes the impact of climate change on agriculture, fisheries and livestock

Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes

Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Jose Mauricio Marulanda
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-07-27
ISBN : 953307499X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), discovered in 1991, have been a subject of intensive research for a wide range of applications. These one-dimensional (1D) graphene sheets rolled into a tubular form have been the target of many researchers around the world. This book concentrates on the semiconductor physics of carbon nanotubes, it brings unique insight into the phenomena encountered in the electronic structure when operating with carbon nanotubes. This book also presents to reader useful information on the fabrication and applications of these outstanding materials. The main objective of this book is to give in-depth understanding of the physics and electronic structure of carbon nanotubes. Readers of this book should have a strong background on physical electronics and semiconductor device physics. This book first discusses fabrication techniques followed by an analysis on the physical properties of carbon nanotubes, including density of states and electronic structures. Ultimately, the book pursues a significant amount of work in the industry applications of carbon nanotubes.

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Mohammad Naraghi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-08-09
ISBN : 953307566X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Nanotubes are among the strongest, toughest, and most stiff materials found on earth. Moreover, they have remarkable electrical and thermal properties, which make them suitable for many applications including nanocomposites, electronics, and chemical detection devices. This book is the effort of many scientists and researchers all over the world to bring an anthology of recent developments in the field of nanotechnology and more specifically CNTs. In this book you will find: - Recent developments in the growth of CNTs- Methods to modify the surfaces of CNTs and decorate their surfaces for specific applications- Applications of CNTs in biocomposites such as in orthopedic bone cement- Application of CNTs as chemical sensors- CNTs for fuelcells- Health related issues when using CNTs

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book
Author : James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780824750473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology book written by James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.