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Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites

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Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites Book
Author : Marcio Loos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-09-11
ISBN : 145573196X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites introduces a wide audience of engineers, scientists and product designers to this important and rapidly expanding class of high performance composites. Dr Loos provides readers with the scientific fundamentals of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), CNT composites and nanotechnology in a way which will enable them to understand the performance, capability and potential of the materials under discussion. He also investigates how CNT reinforcement can be used to enhance the mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of polymer composites. Production methods, processing technologies and applications are fully examined, with reference to relevant patents. Finally, health and safety issues related to the use of CNTs are investigated. Dr. Loos compares the theoretical expectations of using CNTs to the results obtained in labs, and explains the reasons for the discrepancy between theoretical and experimental results. This approach makes the book an essential reference and practical guide for engineers and product developers working with reinforced polymers – as well as researchers and students in polymer science, materials and nanotechnology. A wealth of applications information is included, taken from the wide range of industry sectors utilizing CNT reinforced composites, such as energy, coatings, defense, electronics, medical devices, and high performance sports equipment. Introduces a wide range of readers involved in plastics engineering, product design and manufacturing to the relevant topics in nano-science, nanotechnology, nanotubes and composites. Assesses effects of CNTs as reinforcing agents, both in a materials context and an applications setting. Focuses on applications aspects – performance, cost, health and safety, etc – for a wide range of industry sectors, e.g. energy, coatings, defense, electronics, medical devices, high performance sports equipment, etc.

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites Book
Author : Sie Chin Tjong
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-04-08
ISBN : 3527627006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing a broad insight into the potential applications of carbon nanotubes with metals and ceramic materials as a matrix, this book focuses on the preparation and the microstructural, physical, and mechanical characterizations of such novel nanocomposites. It features information on current synthesis and structure-property-relationships of metals and ceramics reinforced with CNT, organizing the vast array of surveys scattered throughout the literature in a single monograph. With its laboratory protocols and data tables this is invaluable reading for research workers and academics, as well as for applied scientists and industry personnel.

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites for Aerospace Applications

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites for Aerospace Applications Book
Author : Usher Rashdi,University of the West of England
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites for Aerospace Applications book written by Usher Rashdi,University of the West of England, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Andy Nieto,Arvind Agarwal,Debrupa Lahiri,Ankita Bisht,Srinivasa Rao Bakshi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-05-18
ISBN : 1000377504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This discovery of carbon nanotubes (CNT) three decades ago ushered in the technological era of nanotechnology. Among the most widely studied areas of CNT research is their use as structural reinforcements in composites. This book describes the development of CNT reinforced metal matrix composites (CNT-MMCs) over the last two decades. The field of CNT-MMCs is abundant in fundamental science, rich in engineering challenges and innovations and ripe for technological maturation and commercialization. The authors have sought to present the current state of the-art in CNT-MMC technology from their synthesis to their myriad potential end-use applications. Specifically, topics explored include: • Advantages, limitations, and evolution of processing techniques used to synthesize and fabricate CNT-MMCs • Emphasizes dispersion techniques of CNTs in metallic systems, a key challenge to the successful and widespread implementation of CNT-MMCs. Methods for quantification and improved control of CNT distributions are presented • Methods for quantification and improved control of CNT distributions are presented • Characterization techniques uniquely suited for charactering these nanoscale materials and their many chemical and physical interactions with the metal matrix, including real-time in-situ characterization of deformation mechanisms • Electron microscope images from premier studies enrich discussions on micro-mechanical modeling, interfacial design, mechanical behavior, and functional properties • A chapter is dedicated to the emergence of dual reinforcement composites that seek to enhance the efficacy of CNTs and lead to material properties by design This book highlights seminal findings in CNT-MMC research and includes several tables listing processing methods, associated CNT states, and resulting properties in order to aid the next generation of researchers in advancing the science and engineering of CNT-MMCs. In addition, a survey of the patent literature is presented in order to shed light on what the first wave of CNT-MMC commercialization may look like and the challenges that will have to be overcome, both technologically and commercially.

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Andy Nieto,Arvind Agarwal,Debrupa Lahiri,Ankita Bisht,Srinivasa Rao Bakshi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-05-18
ISBN : 1000377520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This discovery of carbon nanotubes (CNT) three decades ago ushered in the technological era of nanotechnology. Among the most widely studied areas of CNT research is their use as structural reinforcements in composites. This book describes the development of CNT reinforced metal matrix composites (CNT-MMCs) over the last two decades. The field of CNT-MMCs is abundant in fundamental science, rich in engineering challenges and innovations and ripe for technological maturation and commercialization. The authors have sought to present the current state of the-art in CNT-MMC technology from their synthesis to their myriad potential end-use applications. Specifically, topics explored include: • Advantages, limitations, and evolution of processing techniques used to synthesize and fabricate CNT-MMCs • Emphasizes dispersion techniques of CNTs in metallic systems, a key challenge to the successful and widespread implementation of CNT-MMCs. Methods for quantification and improved control of CNT distributions are presented • Methods for quantification and improved control of CNT distributions are presented • Characterization techniques uniquely suited for charactering these nanoscale materials and their many chemical and physical interactions with the metal matrix, including real-time in-situ characterization of deformation mechanisms • Electron microscope images from premier studies enrich discussions on micro-mechanical modeling, interfacial design, mechanical behavior, and functional properties • A chapter is dedicated to the emergence of dual reinforcement composites that seek to enhance the efficacy of CNTs and lead to material properties by design This book highlights seminal findings in CNT-MMC research and includes several tables listing processing methods, associated CNT states, and resulting properties in order to aid the next generation of researchers in advancing the science and engineering of CNT-MMCs. In addition, a survey of the patent literature is presented in order to shed light on what the first wave of CNT-MMC commercialization may look like and the challenges that will have to be overcome, both technologically and commercially.

Carbon Nanotube reinforced Composites

Carbon Nanotube reinforced Composites Book
Author : Erik T. Thostenson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Carbon Nanotube reinforced Composites book written by Erik T. Thostenson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Arvind Agarwal,Srinivasa Rao Bakshi,Debrupa Lahiri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1439811504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the Foreword, written by legendary nano pioneer M. Meyyappan, Chief Scientist for Exploration Technology NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA: "...there is critical need for a book to summarize the status of the field but more importantly to lay out the principles behind the technology. This is what Professor Arvind Agarwal and his co-workers ... have done here." Carbon Nanotubes: Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites reflects the authors’ desire to share the benefits of nanotechnology with the masses by developing metal matrix carbon nanotube (MM-CNT) composites for large-scale applications. Multiwall carbon nanotubes can now be produced on a large scale and at a significantly reduced cost. The book explores potential applications and applies the author’s own research to highlight critical developmental issues for different MM-CNT composites—and then outline novel solutions. With this problem-solving approach, the book explores: Advantages, limitations, and the evolution of processing techniques used for MM-CNT composites Characterization techniques unique to the study of MM-CNT composites—and the limitations of these methods Existing research on different MM-CNT composites, presented in useful tables that include composition, processing method, quality of CNT dispersion, and properties The micro-mechanical strengthening that results from adding CNT The applicability of micro-mechanics models in MM-CNT composites Significance of chemical stability for carbon nanotubes in the metal matrix as a function of processing, and its impact on CNT/metal interface and mechanical properties Computational studies that have not been sufficiently covered although they are essential to research and development The critical issue of CNT dispersion in the metal matrix, as well as a unique way to quantify CNT distribution and subsequently improve control of the processing parameters for obtaining improved properties Carbon Nanotubes: Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites paints a vivid picture of scientific and application achievements in this field. Exploring the mechanisms through which CNTs are enhancing the properties of different metal-based composites, the authors provide a roadmap to help researchers develop MM-CNT composites and choose potential materials for use in emerging areas of technology.

Towards Structural Health Monitoring in Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites

Towards Structural Health Monitoring in Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites Book
Author : Wennie Wang,Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An experimental investigation was conducted to understand the non-destructive evaluation (NDE) capabilities of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) of several network architectures towards structural health monitoring (SHM). As heterogeneous composite structures become increasingly common in industry, detecting mechanical damage and damage accumulation becomes increasingly difficult as many modes of failure occur below the external surface. Traditional SHM techniques may be time consuming and costly; however, CNTs are a unique material that shows promise as a strain or damage sensor. Three different laminate samples types with various CNT network architectures were tested in open-hole tension. Samples tested were quasiisotropic carbon fiber, carbon fiber prepreg with unidirectional knocked-down CNT surface patch, and fuzzy fiber reinforced plastic (FFRP) samples, which consist of radially grown CNTs on a woven ceramic fiber substrate. Mechanical load and electrical resistance were simulataneously measured using three different probes configurations with respect to the tensile direction that measured either surface or through thickness resistance changes. Measurements were taken near and away from the stress concentration. Results indicated that different CNT network architectures influenced the consistency and efficacy of indicating damage acculumation. Changes in electrical resistance correlated strongly with sample mechanical damage accumulation for unidirectional knocked-down CNTs, but had more consistent values and readings for the FFRP samples, indicating that CNT network architecture beyond the inherent piezoresistivity of the CNT heavily influences the NDE capabilities of using CNTs as strain or damage sensors. Results also suggest that CNT network architecture must be further optimized to achieve reliable NDE and SHM, and may depend on the desired application.

Combustion Synthesis of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites

Combustion Synthesis of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites Book
Author : Lori Jean Groven
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main objective of this research was to explore whether combustion synthesis can be utilized for the synthesis of carbon nanotube reinforced materials. Both traditional powder combustion and solution combustion synthesis were used. A systematic methodology was employed to approach the known problems with carbon nanotube composite fabrication, namely, dispersion and interfacial adhesion. First, using settling/aggregation- time observations it was determined that 1,2-dimethylformamide was the best solvent for dispersing all types of nanotubes at high concentrations. In addition, a dispersant compatible with reactive metal powders was determined. Second, electroless coating was applied to make to make Ni-coated SWNTs and MWNTs, for subsequent inclusion in reactive mixtures. The major portion of this research was focused on the investigation of in-situ synthesis and densification of Ni-Al-CNT mixtures to form NiA1-CNT composites. The effect of particle size (micron to nano), mixing methodology, nanotube condition (uncoated, Ni-coated, SWNT, MWNT), and nanotube quantity on the synthesis of NiA1-CNT composites were evaluated. It was determined that nanosized reactants lead to the best dispersion of nanotubes in reactive mixtures. Composites with the most improved properties (30% increase in Vickers microhardness over monolithic, and 94% higher than literature values for NiAl190) were synthesized from mixtures where the nanotubes were pre-dispersed with dispersant followed by mechanical mixing. Additions of more that 1.0-wt% consistently led to composites with poor properties regardless of nanotube type due to the lack of densification. The use of Ni-coated MWNTs led to a higher improvement in microhardness than uncoated MWNTs. This was attributed to the enhanced dispersion of the Ni-coated MWNTs (CT) within the reactant mixture. Raman spectroscopy and HRTEM clearly showed that carbon nanotubes survived the combustion synthesis; however, by the appearance of graphene sheets indicated some dissolution of carbon followed by precipitation. In addition, other condensed phase reacting systems exhibiting higher combustion temperatures and other reactive species, were used to determine the extension of such methodology for the synthesis of TiB2-CNT, TiC-TiB2-CNT, TiA1-CNT composites. Finally, solution combustion synthesis was conducted using metal-nitrate fuel mixtures to form Ni-, Cu-, Co- and Al2O3-CNT powders. For all the synthesized materials, the CNTs were shown to survive and no visible degradation was observed.

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymers

Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymers Book
Author : Roham Rafiee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-10-06
ISBN : 0323482228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Polymers: From Nanoscale to Macroscale addresses the advances in nanotechnology that have led to the development of a new class of composite materials known as CNT-reinforced polymers. The low density and high aspect ratio, together with their exceptional mechanical, electrical and thermal properties, render carbon nanotubes as a good reinforcing agent for composites. In addition, these simulation and modeling techniques play a significant role in characterizing their properties and understanding their mechanical behavior, and are thus discussed and demonstrated in this comprehensive book that presents the state-of-the-art research in the field of modeling, characterization and processing. The book separates the theoretical studies on the mechanical properties of CNTs and their composites into atomistic modeling and continuum mechanics-based approaches, including both analytical and numerical ones, along with multi-scale modeling techniques. Different efforts have been done in this field to address the mechanical behavior of isolated CNTs and their composites by numerous researchers, signaling that this area of study is ongoing. Explains modeling approaches to carbon nanotubes, together with their application, strengths and limitations Outlines the properties of different carbon nanotube-based composites, exploring how they are used in the mechanical and structural components Analyzes the behavior of carbon nanotube-based composites in different conditions

Composites and Their Properties

Composites and Their Properties Book
Author : Ning Hu
Publisher : IntechOpen
Release : 2012-08-22
ISBN : 9789535107118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composites are a class of material, which receives much attention not only because it is on the cutting edge of active material research fields due to appearance of many new types of composites, e.g., nanocomposites and bio-medical composites, but also because there are a great deal of promises for their potential applications in various industries ranging from aerospace to construction due to their various outstanding properties. This book mainly deals with fabrication and property characterization of various composites by focusing on the following topics: functional and structural nanocomposites, numerical and theoretical modelling of various damages in long fiber reinforced composites and textile composites, design, processing and manufacturing technologies and their effects on mechanical properties of composites, characterization of mechanical and physical properties of various composites, and metal and ceramic matrix composites. This book has been divided into five sections to cover the above contents.

Recueil des actes de la Soci t de sant de Lyon depuis l an Ier jusqu l an V de la R publique et depuis l an VI jusqu la fin de l an IX

Recueil des actes de la Soci  t   de sant   de Lyon depuis l an Ier jusqu    l an V de la R  publique  et depuis l an VI jusqu    la fin de l an IX  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1798
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Recueil des actes de la Soci t de sant de Lyon depuis l an Ier jusqu l an V de la R publique et depuis l an VI jusqu la fin de l an IX book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Composites and Their Properties

Composites and Their Properties Book
Author : Ning Hu
Publisher : IntechOpen
Release : 2012-08-22
ISBN : 9789535107118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composites are a class of material, which receives much attention not only because it is on the cutting edge of active material research fields due to appearance of many new types of composites, e.g., nanocomposites and bio-medical composites, but also because there are a great deal of promises for their potential applications in various industries ranging from aerospace to construction due to their various outstanding properties. This book mainly deals with fabrication and property characterization of various composites by focusing on the following topics: functional and structural nanocomposites, numerical and theoretical modelling of various damages in long fiber reinforced composites and textile composites, design, processing and manufacturing technologies and their effects on mechanical properties of composites, characterization of mechanical and physical properties of various composites, and metal and ceramic matrix composites. This book has been divided into five sections to cover the above contents.

Carbon Nanotube Based Composites for Future Air Force and Aerospace Systems

Carbon Nanotube Based Composites for Future Air Force and Aerospace Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotubes have been targeted for potential applications ranging from the next generation of computers and flat-panel displays to structural and functional materials. In addition to their well-known stiffness (> 1 TPa) and strength ( -30 GPa) properties, carbon nanotubes also possess exceptionally high electrical and thermal conductivities, with the axial thermal conductivity near that of crystalline diamond. The unique mechanical and physical properties of nanotubes offer tremendous opportunity for the development of multijunctional composites. Under this research program an integrated effort to processing. characterization, and analysis/modeling of nanotube-based composites was undertaken. Through this research work a fundamental understanding of the processing/structure/property relations in carbon nanotube- reinforced composites has evolved. Ultimately, the establishment of these basic relationships will enable the nanoscale design of nanotube-reinforced materials for Air Force and aerospace systems.

Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymer Composites Using Molecular Simulations

Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymer Composites Using Molecular Simulations Book
Author : Burcu Ekşioğlu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymer Composites Using Molecular Simulations book written by Burcu Ekşioğlu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Study of Carbon Nanotube reinforced Polymeric Composite Materials

Study of Carbon Nanotube reinforced Polymeric Composite Materials Book
Author : Kun Tao
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Study of Carbon Nanotube reinforced Polymeric Composite Materials book written by Kun Tao, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymer Composites

Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : A. Haque
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymer Composites book written by A. Haque, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.