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Carbon Nanomaterials For Biological And Medical Applications

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Carbon Nanotubes for Biomedical Applications

Carbon Nanotubes for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Rüdiger Klingeler,Robert B. Sim
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-09
ISBN : 3642148026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the potential of multi-functional carbon nanotubes for biomedical applications. It combines contributions from chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, and medicine. The complete overview of the state-of-the-art addresses different synthesis and biofunctionalisation routes and shows the structural and magnetic properties of nanotubes relevant to biomedical applications. Particular emphasis is put on the interaction of carbon nanotubes with biological environments, i.e. toxicity, biocompatibility, cellular uptake, intracellular distribution, interaction with the immune system and environmental impact. The insertion of NMR-active substances allows diagnostic usage as markers and sensors, e.g. for imaging and contactless local temperature sensing. The potential of nanotubes for therapeutic applications is highlighted by studies on chemotherapeutic drug filling and release, targeting and magnetic hyperthermia studies for anti-cancer treatment at the cellular level.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications Book
Author : Sekhar Chandra Ray,Nikhil Ranjan Jana
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-03-07
ISBN : 0323479073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications explores the different applications of carbon nanomaterials in drug and gene therapies and their use in tissue regeneration, biosensor diagnosis, enantiomer separation of chiral drugs, extraction and analysis of drugs and pollutants, and as antitoxents. The book describes the synthesis processing of carbon nanomaterials, carbon composite nanomaterials, and their different biological and biomedical applications, including the removal of biologically toxic materials, optical biosensor applications, bio-imaging probe, drug delivery, cancer treatments, and other biomedical applications. Explains the major synthesis chemical process of carbon nanomaterials for biological applications Discusses how carbon nanomaterials can be practically used to create more efficient nanodevices in biosensing, medical imaging, and drug delivery Explores how the unique physical properties of carbon nanomaterials allows them to remove biologically toxic materials

Nanomaterials for Medical Applications

Nanomaterials for Medical Applications Book
Author : Zoraida Aguilar
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123850894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title covers recent advances in a variety of biomedical applications of nanostructured materials, as the field evolves from prototype device to real-world application. It presents the main types of nanomaterial used in medical application today: semiconductor nanomaterials, Magnetic nanomaterials, metal nanoparticles, Carbon nanomaterials, Hydrogel nanocomposites, Liposomes, Dendrimers, Polymer nanocomposites, and Biodegradable polymers. Structurally the work is demarcated into the six most popular areas of research: (1) biocompatibility of nanomaterials with living organisms in their various manifestations (2) nanobiosensors for clinical diagnostics, detecting biomolecules which are useful in the clinical diagnosis of genetic, metabolically acquired, induced or infectious disease (3) targeted drug delivery for nanomaterials in their various modifications (4) nanomedical devices and structures which are used in the development of implantable medical devices and structures such as nanorobots (5) nanopharmacology, as novel nanoparticles are increasingly engineered to diagnose conditions and recognize pathogens, identify ideal pharmaceutical agents to treat the condition or pathogens,fuel high-yield production of matched pharmaceuticals (potentially in vivo), locate, attach or enter target tissue, structures or pathogens; and dispense the ideal mass of matched biological compound to the target regions (6) nanotoxicology and remediation, which focuses on finished and on-going various toxicity evaluations on various nanomaterials that are used and currently being developed for medical applications Discusses the most important biomedical applications and devices of nanomaterials: drug delivery, medical imaging, gene therapy, nanorobots, biosensors and diagnostics Focuses on current commercialized techniques and applications, ensuring the work is entirely relevant to a rapidly evolving field Reviews the most recent studies on nanomaterial toxicity, thereby responding to the widescale private, policy and public interest in nanoscience

Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles

Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2019-02-28
ISBN : 0128166304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles describes the most interesting and investigated biomedical applications of nanoparticles, emphasizing their therapeutic impact. Progress made in the therapy of severe diseases, such as cancer and difficult infections is strictly correlated to the scientific progress and technological development in the field of materials science. Nanoparticles have numerous therapeutic applications, starting with the design of new drugs, delivery systems, therapeutic materials, and their contribution to the development of preventive strategies. The book highlights the impact of nanoparticles on the therapy of infections, antimicrobial effect and also anti-cancer strategies. Successful examples are given throughout the book, along with analysis in order to improve future outcomes of novel therapies. Highlights the term nanotherapeutics and presents several classifications of nanotherapeutics from different points-of-view Presents the recent progress related to nanotherapeutics in the oral cavity Provides the recent progress in the field of biomedical nanoparticles

Carbon Nanostructures for Biomedical Applications

Carbon Nanostructures for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Tatiana Da Ros,Nazario Martín,Jean-Francois Nierengarten
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2021-02-15
ISBN : 1788015673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon nanostructures, namely fullerenes, single and multiwall carbon nanotubes, graphene as well as the most recent graphene quantum dots and carbon nanodots, have experienced a tremendous progress along the last two decades in terms of the knowledge acquired on their chemical and physical properties. These insights have enabled their increasing use in biomedical applications, from scaffolds to devices. Edited by renowned experts in the subject, this book collects and delineates the most notable advances within the growing field surrounding carbon nanostructures for biomedical purposes. Exploration ranges from fundamentals around classifications to toxicity, biocompatibility and the immune response. Modified nanocarbon-based materials and emergent classes, such as carbon dots and nanohorns are discussed, with chapters devoted from carriers for drug delivery and inhibitors of emergent viruses infection, to applications across imaging, biosensors, tissue scaffolding and biotechnology. The book will provide a valuable reference resource and will extensively benefit researchers and professionals working across the fields of chemistry, materials science, and biomedical and chemical engineering.

Nitric Oxide Sensing

Nitric Oxide Sensing Book
Author : Sagarika Bhattacharya,Subhra Samanta,Biswarup Chakraborty
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-20
ISBN : 1000334775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although nitric oxide (NO) is an important biological signaling molecule, its free-radical electronic configuration makes it a most reactive molecule and the scariest colorless gas causing immense environmental and health hazards. Detection of NO levels in biological samples and in the atmosphere is therefore crucial. In the past few years, extensive efforts have been devoted to developing many active sensors and effective devices for detecting and quantifying atmospheric NO, NO generated in biological samples, and NO exhaled in the human breath. This book provides a concrete summary of recent state-of-the-art small-molecule probes and novel carbon nanomaterials used for chemical, photoluminescent, and electrochemical NO detection. One chapter is especially dedicated to the available devices used for detecting NO in the human breath that indirectly infers to lung inflammation. The authors with expertise in diverse dimensions have attempted to cover almost all areas of NO sensing.

Biomedical Applications and Toxicology of Carbon Nanomaterials

Biomedical Applications and Toxicology of Carbon Nanomaterials Book
Author : Chunying Chen,Haifang Wang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-04-01
ISBN : 3527692878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of biomedical applications and the toxicity properties of carbon nanomaterials aimed at helping to avoid detrimental health effects while laying the groundwork for further research in this highly relevant field. Summarizing recent research, the book starts with the synthesis and functionalization of carbon nanomaterials, as well as identification and detection in biosystems. It then moves on to the interaction between carbon nanoparticles and biocomponents, focusing on the toxicity and mechanisms to various organs and systems and potential biomedical applications as well. Each section highlights the challenges, outlines unanswered questions, and suggests directions for further research and development efforts.

Carbon Nanomaterials in Biomedicine and the Environment

Carbon Nanomaterials in Biomedicine and the Environment Book
Author : Zulkhair A. Mansurov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-13
ISBN : 0429767609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon nanomaterials possess special physical and chemical properties. As adsorbents, they are widely used for the purification of water and other liquids, recovery of valuable substances from liquid and gaseous media, and oil refining and also in petrochemical, wine, oil and fat, and other industries. They can be used in medicine, both for the creation of hemosorption systems that are capable of performing specific purification of blood and other physiological fluids, including removal of various exo- and endotoxicants, and for the construction of highly effective adsorbed probiotics. The creation of nanostructured carbon-containing materials is one of many rapidly developing research fields and also the theme of this book. The book focuses on the recent developments in the synthesis of nanostructured carbon multifunctional sorbents and covers topics such as fusicoccin compounds as anticancer agents, entero- and vulnerosorption, and blood purification. It will be useful for scientists, chemical industry specialists, professors, and master’s and PhD students of chemical, physical, and biological sciences.

Fundamentals of Bionanomaterials

Fundamentals of Bionanomaterials Book
Author : Ahmed Barhoum,Jaison Jeevanandam,Michael K. Danquah
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-28
ISBN : 0128241489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bionanomaterials are identified as a perfect replacement, in the quest for the search of an alternative to toxic conventional nanomaterials for biomedical applications. Bionanomaterials are the nanomaterials, that are fabricated via biomolecules or encapsulate or immobilize a conventional nanomaterial with a biomolecule. The biomolecules extracted from the microbes, plants, agricultural wastes, insects, marine organisms and certain animals are used for the formation of bionanomaterials. These bionanomaterials exhibited low or negligible toxicity towards humans, other organisms and the environment with enhanced biocompatibility, bioavailability and bioreactivity. Thus, the aim of this book is to provide an overview of various bionanomaterials, their synthesis, characterization and their application-oriented properties. The book is divided into two parts – Part 1 discusses about the bionanomaterials of exclusive natural origin, self-assembled bionanomaterials and their environmental application and Part 2 focuses on applications of distinct bionanomaterials in biomedical sciences. The ‘Chapter 1 – Bionanomaterials: Definitions, sources, types, properties, market, toxicity and regulations’ aims to provide an extensive overview of bionanomaterials, their definitions, sources, types and their properties. In addition, the toxicity of bionanomaterials and their regulations implied in recent times were also discussed. ‘Chapter 2 – Nature inspired bionanomaterials’ highlights different types of nature-inspired biosynthesized nanomaterials and their green synthesis methods, as well as some of their emerging applications, especially in the fields of nanomedicine, cosmetics, drug delivery, molecular imaging, and catalytic precursors. Further, the chapter also covers different types of bionanomaterials (e.g., viruses, protein cages, and phages) and highlights their unique properties and potential applications. ‘Chapter 3 – Culinary spices mediated biogenesis of nanoparticles for cancer and diabetes treatment’ deals with bionanomaterials synthesized by using extracts of culinary spices and its vital role in the treatment of distinct types of cancer and diabetes. In ‘Chapter 4 – Environment friendly superhydrophobic bioactive nanocoatings’, the authors have discussed the basics of exceptional water repellence behaviour and recent developments in the area of bioactive-SHC for various applications. In addition, the current and projected requirements for bioactive-SHC were also addressed. The authors of ‘Chapter 5 – Self-assembly of nanobionics: from theory to application’ reviewed, discussed, addressed and highlighted the recent advancements in bionics as an interdisciplinary field to understand the bionic materials and particles, that are mainly fabricated via self-assembly approach.

Materials for Medical Application

Materials for Medical Application Book
Author : Robert B. Heimann
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-08-24
ISBN : 3110619245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives an introduction to the highly interdisciplinary field of biomaterials. It concisely summarizes properties, synthesis and modification of materials such as metals, ceramics, polymers or composites. Characterization, in vitro and in vivo testing as well as a selection of various applications are also part of this inevitable guide.

Syntheses and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes and Their Composites

Syntheses and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes and Their Composites Book
Author : Satoru Suzuki
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-05-09
ISBN : 9535111256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon nanotubes are rolled up graphene sheets with a quasi-one-dimensional structure of nanometer-scale diameter. In these last twenty years, carbon nanotubes have attracted much attention from physicists, chemists, material scientists, and electronic device engineers, because of their excellent structural, electronic, optical, chemical and mechanical properties. More recently, demand for innovative industrial applications of carbon nanotubes is increasing. This book covers recent research topics regarding syntheses techniques of carbon nanotubes and nanotube-based composites, and their applications. The chapters in this book will be helpful to many students, engineers and researchers working in the field of carbon nanotubes.

Biointeractions of Nanomaterials

Biointeractions of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Vijaykumar B. Sutariya,Yashwant Pathak
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-29
ISBN : 1466582383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An examination of the widespread application of nano materials in biology, medicine, and pharmaceuticals and the accompanying safety concerns, Bio-interactions of Nano Materials addresses the issues related to toxicity and safety of nano materials and nano systems. It covers the interactions in biological systems and presents various tools and methods used to evaluate the nano toxicity and nano safety issues. Written by leading scientists, the book focuses on the bio-interaction of nano materials, covering various techniques and tests which have been developed to evaluate the toxicity of materials at the nano level. The book highlights the challenges of bio-interactions of nano materials and possible solutions to those challenges. It addresses the assessment and characterization of nano systems in bio-environments, toxicity and bio-sensing devices for toxicity assessment, carbon nano tubes and pulmonary toxicity, and nano toxicity of solid lipid nanoparticles. It also discusses nano safety concerns and solutions, including the effects of nano particles on different organs and regulatory implications of nano materials. These particles may be used to encapsulate drugs, recognize biological markers, or visualize body tissues among many other possibilities, all enabling their widespread application in biology, medicine, and pharmaceutics. Indeed, these nano materials may have beneficial effects that have not even been imagined. This book gives you an understanding of the safety issues, how to assess for them, and how to mitigate them to move forward in research and development of new applications for nano materials.

Safety of Nanoparticles

Safety of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Thomas J. Webster
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-11-18
ISBN : 9780387786087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In spite of the potential use of nanomaterials as tissue engineering devices, implants, biosensors, drug delivery devices, etc., there has yet to be a compilation of the risks associated with the in vivo use of nanomaterials. There are numerous and well-known risks because of the size of nanoparticles. For example, nanoparticles can cross cell membranes and enter the cytoplasm undetected. The aim of this book is to provide one of the first (if not the first) detailed views of how cells and tissues in the body deal with nanoparticles. This is important not only for implantable devices, but also for the manufacturing of nanophase materials when particles can be inhaled or enter the body through the skin. Only by compiling research at the intersection of nanoparticles and biological processes can we determine if nanophase materials are safe to be manufactured, handled, and/or implanted for various medical applications.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Bioimaging Bioanalysis and Therapy

Carbon Nanomaterials for Bioimaging  Bioanalysis  and Therapy Book
Author : Yuen Y. Hui,Huang-Cheng Chang,Haifeng Dong,Xueji Zhang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-01-29
ISBN : 111937345X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive reference on biochemistry, bioimaging, bioanalysis, and therapeutic applications of carbon nanomaterials Carbon nanomaterials have been widely applied for biomedical applications in the past few decades, because of their unique physical properties, versatile functionalization chemistry, and biological compatibility. This book provides background knowledge at the entry level into the biomedical applications of carbon nanomaterials, focusing on three applications: bioimaging, bioanalysis, and therapy. Carbon Nanomaterials for Bioimaging, Bioanalysis and Therapy begins with a general introduction to carbon nanomaterials for biomedical applications, including a discussion about the pros and cons of various carbon nanomaterials for the respective therapeutic applications. It then goes on to cover fluorescence imaging; deep tissue imaging; photoacoustic imaging; pre-clinical/clinical bioimaging applications; carbon nanomaterial sensors for cancer and disease diagnosis; targeted cancer therapy; and photothermal/photodynamic therapy. Each chapter briefly introduces the biomedical application and emphasizes the most appropriate carbon nanomaterial(s) for the application. Provides an introduction to the biomedical applications of carbon nanomaterials for early-career scientists, as well as background and context for mid-career scientists and researchers Contains four sections covering biochemistry, bioimaging, bioanalysis, and therapeutic applications of carbon nanomaterials Presented by experts who have strong background in the field of nanotechnology for biomedical applications Covers a hot area of research which has very unique physical properties, versatile functionalization chemistry, and biological compatibility Carbon Nanomaterials for Bioimaging, Bioanalysis and Therapy is an excellent resource for academic researchers and industrial scientists working on preparation and bio-application of carbon nanomaterials, biomedical engineering, and nanotechnology.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Mei Zhang,Rajesh R. Naik,Liming Dai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-06
ISBN : 3319228617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers a wide range of topics relating to carbon nanomaterials, from synthesis and functionalization to applications in advanced biomedical devices and systems. As they possess unique and attractive chemical, physical, optical, and even magnetic properties for various applications, considerable effort has been made to employ carbon nanomaterials (e.g., fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanodiamond) as new materials for the development of novel biomedical tools, such as diagnostic sensors, imaging agents, and drug/gene delivery systems for both diagnostics and clinical treatment. Tremendous progress has been made and the scattered literature continues to grow rapidly. With chapters by world-renowned experts providing an overview of the state of the science as well as an understanding of the challenges that lie ahead, Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications is essential reading not only for experienced scientists and engineers in biomedical and nanomaterials areas, but also for graduate students and advanced undergraduates in materials science and engineering, chemistry, and biology.

Nanotechnology for Biology and Medicine

Nanotechnology for Biology and Medicine Book
Author : Gabriel A. Silva,Vladimir Parpura
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-22
ISBN : 9780387312965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text book will bring together a mix of both internationally known and established senior scientists along side up and coming (but already accomplished) junior scientists that have varying expertise in fundamental and applied nanotechnology to biology and medicine.

Current and Future Developments in Nanomaterials and Carbon Nanotubes

Current and Future Developments in Nanomaterials and Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Jagriti Narang,Chandra Shekhar Pundir
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2018-02-01
ISBN : 168108595X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current and Future Developments in Nanomaterials and Carbon Nanotubes presents thematic volumes that highlight research in the field of nanomaterials. The book series covers the theory and application of nanomaterials including carbon nanotubes, composites, metallic nanomaterials and much more. It is essential reading to researchers interested in keeping up to date with nanomaterial applications in a wide variety of fields such as medicine, engineering and biotechnology.

Nanomaterials and Their Biomedical Applications

Nanomaterials and Their Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Tuhin Subhra Santra,Loganathan Mohan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-16
ISBN : 9813362529
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the evolution of, and novel challenges currently facing, nanomaterials science, nanoengineering, and nanotechnology, and their applications and development in the biological and biomedical fields. It details different nanoscale and nanostructured materials syntheses, processing, characterization, and applications, and considers improvements that can be made in nanostructured materials with their different biomedical applications. The book also briefly covers the state of the art of different nanomaterials design, synthesis, fabrication and their potential biomedical applications. It will be particularly useful for reading and research purposes, especially for science and engineering students, academics, and industrial researchers.

Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications

Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Eun Ji Chung,Lorraine Leon,Carlos Rinaldi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-19
ISBN : 0128166630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications: Fundamental Concepts, Biological Interactions and Clinical Applications brings into one place information on the design and biomedical applications of different classes of nanoparticles. While aspects are dealt with in individual journal articles, there is not one source that covers this area comprehensively. This book fills this gap in the literature. Outlines an in-depth review of biomedical applications of a variety of nanoparticle classes Discusses the major techniques for designing nanoparticles for use in biomedicine Explores safety and regulatory aspects for the use of nanoparticles in biomedicine

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Michael J. O’Connell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1420004212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since their discovery more than a decade ago, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have held scientists and engineers in captive fascination, seated on the verge of enormous breakthroughs in areas such as medicine, electronics, and materials science, to name but a few. Taking a broad look at CNTs and the tools used to study them, Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications comprises the efforts of leading nanotube researchers led by Michael O’Connell, protégé of the late father of nanotechnology, Richard Smalley. Each chapter is a self-contained treatise on various aspects of CNT synthesis, characterization, modification, and applications. The book opens with a general introduction to the basic characteristics and the history of CNTs, followed by discussions on synthesis methods and the growth of “peapod” structures. Coverage then moves to electronic properties and band structures of single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs), magnetic properties, Raman spectroscopy of electronic and chemical behavior, and electromechanical properties and applications in NEMS (nanoelectromechanical systems). Turning to applications, the final sections of the book explore mechanical properties of SWNTs spun into fibers, sidewall functionalization in composites, and using SWNTs as tips for scanning probe microscopes. Taking a fresh look at this burgeoning field, Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications points the way toward making CNTs commercially viable.