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Carbon Fibers

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Carbon Fibers

Carbon Fibers Book
Author : Soo-Jin Park
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-08
ISBN : 9401794782
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains eight chapters that discuss the manufacturing methods, surface treatment, composite interfaces, microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental physical and mechanical principles, and applications of carbon fibers and their composites. Recently, carbon-based materials have received much attention for their many potential applications. The carbon fibers are very strong, stiff, and lightweight, enabling the carbon materials to deliver improved performance in several applications such as aerospace, sports, automotive, wind energy, oil and gas, infrastructure, defense, and semiconductors. However, the use of carbon fibers in cost-sensitive, high-volume industrial applications is limited because of their relatively high costs. However, its production is expected to increase because of its widespread use in high-volume industrial applications; therefore, the methods used for manufacturing carbon fibers and carbon-fiber-reinforced composites and their structures and characteristics need to be investigated.

Carbon Fibers and Their Composite Materials

Carbon Fibers and Their Composite Materials Book
Author : Luke Henderson
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-07-16
ISBN : 3039211021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon fiber is an oft-referenced material that serves as a means to remove mass from large transport infrastructure. Carbon fiber composites, typically plastics reinforced with the carbon fibers, are key materials in the 21st century and have already had a significant impact on reducing CO2 emissions. Though, as with any composite material, the interface where each component meets, in this case the fiber and plastic, is critical to the overall performance. This text summarizes recent efforts to manipulate and optimize the interfacial interaction between these dissimilar materials to improve overall performance.

Carbon Fibers and Their Composites

Carbon Fibers and Their Composites Book
Author : Peter Morgan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-05-20
ISBN : 142002874X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most literature pertaining to carbon fibers is of a theoretical nature. Carbon Fibers and their Composites offers a comprehensive look at the specific manufacturing of carbon fibers and graphite fibers into the growing surge of diverse applications that include flameproof materials, protective coatings, biomedical and prosthetics application

Carbon Fiber

Carbon Fiber Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 012821905X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Fiber, Second Edition, brings together available information on the production, properties, application and future of carbon fibers. This book will be of interest to those involved in the investigation of carbon fiber, carbon fiber manufacturing, and users. In addition, the recycling of carbon fiber reinforced polymers and the manufacturing of composites from recycled carbon fiber reinforced polymers are discussed. The book offers in-depth coverage on the production of carbon fiber and the global carbon fiber market, demand and major growth drivers. Carbon structures from biowaste, waste lignin and novel processes to obtain high purity lignin are presented, along with future directions. Provides thorough and in-depth coverage of carbon fiber production Presents the global carbon fiber market, demand and major growth drivers Covers carbon structures from biowaste and waste lignin Discusses novel process to obtain high purity lignin Includes discussions of future directions for the carbon fiber industry

Carbon Fibers Third Edition

Carbon Fibers  Third Edition  Book
Author : Jean-Baptiste Donnet,Roop Chand Bansal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-03-19
ISBN : 9780824701727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Third Edition offers the latest information on the structural, surface, mechanical, electronic, thermal, and magnetic properties of carbon fibers as well as their manufacture and industrial applications from many of the world's most distinguished specialists in the field. "

Carbon Fibers

Carbon Fibers Book
Author : Soo-Jin Park
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-30
ISBN : 9811305382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The updated and expanded second edition of this book explores the physical and mechanical properties of carbon fibers and their composites, their manufacture and processing, and their current and emerging applications. Over 10 chapters, the book describes manufacturing methods, surface treatment, composite interfaces, and microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental physical and mechanical principles. It discusses the application of carbon materials in delivering improved performance across a diverse range of fields including sports, wind energy, oil and gas, infrastructure, defence, and the aerospace, automotive and semiconductor industries. This new edition introduces chapters related to the manufacturing of carbon/carbon composites (C/C composites), antioxidation characteristics of C/C composites, and their applications. Furthermore, it addresses the effect of graphene and carbon nanotubes on the physical and chemical properties of carbon fibers. A final chapter looks at the emerging and future prospects for carbon fiber technology.

Carbon Fibers

Carbon Fibers Book
Author : Leighton H. Peebles
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-18
ISBN : 1351078879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Fibers presents an up-to-date review of the progress pertaining to the formation of carbon fibers from rayon, acrylic, and pitch precursors. The book emphasizes the preparation, characterization, and properties of commercial materials. It also considers the compressive properties of carbon fibers, the lack of correlation between surface characterization and fiber-matrix interactions, and the discrepancy between surface composition as determined by XPS and the reaction of surface groups with chemical reagents. Other topics discussed include:

Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites

Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites Book
Author : J.L. Figueiredo,Carlos A. Bernardo,R.T.K. Baker,K.J. Hüttinger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 9401568472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conventional synthetic materials, like metals, ceramics or glass, are usually isotropic substances, and their suitability for structural applications is achieved by morphological design and combination in the macroscopic scale. However, in modem engineering this is often not acceptable. As an alternative, the use of non-homogeneous, anisotropic materials, with significant stiffness and strength only in the directions these mechanical properties are really needed, can lead to enormous material (and weight) savings. This is the case of multiphase systems called composite materials. In these composites, different material parts are added and arranged geometrically, under clearly designed and controlled conditions. Usually, a structure of fibers provides strength and stiffness and a matrix helds them together, whilst providing the geometric form. Carbon fibers are among the high-performance fibers employed in these advanced structural composites, which are profoundly changing many of today's high technology industries. New research and development challenges in this area include upgrading the manufacturing process of fibers and composites, in order to improve characteristics and reduce costs, and modifying the interfacial properties between fibers and matrix, to guarantee better mechanical properties. The interdisciplinary nature of this "new frontier" is obvious, involving chemistry, materials science, chemical and mechanical engineering. Other topics, which more often are treated separately, are also important for the understanding of the processes of fiber production. Carbon filaments is one such topic, as the study of their mechanisms of nucleation and growth is clearly quite relevant to the production of vapour-grown carbon fibers.

Sustainable Lignin for Carbon Fibers Principles Techniques and Applications

Sustainable Lignin for Carbon Fibers  Principles  Techniques  and Applications Book
Author : Emmanuel Isaac Akpan,Samson Oluropo Adeosun
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-18
ISBN : 3030187926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed to provide wide understanding of lignin carbon fiber processes, chemistry, mechanisms, and techniques that will help in further development of lignin carbon fiber for automobile, aerospace, marine, and sports equipment applications. Each step in the processing of lignin carbon fibers is presented as a separate chapter so that issues concerning the processes are exhaustively discussed. Basic scientific principles governing each stage of lignin carbon fiber processing, current state of research and mechanisms behind the processes are illustrated for better understanding. This is the first book to address the entire scope of lignin carbon fiber processing including; extraction, quantification, purification, melt processing, stabilization, carbonization, optimization of processes, and characterization. Presents detailed information on the chemistry, processing, principles and properties of bio-sourced lignin for carbon fiber production; Highlights techniques of recovery and properties of lignin from agricultural waste sources; Addresses applications in automobile, aircraft, marine, and sport industries; Provides insight into the lignin complex macromolecular system, the role of lignin chemistry as it relates to carbon fiber production and the evolution of lignin carbon fiber structure during processing.

Recent Developments in the Field of Carbon Fibers

Recent Developments in the Field of Carbon Fibers Book
Author : Rita Khanna,Romina Cayumil
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-07-25
ISBN : 1789235189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon fibres are lightweight, chemically stable materials with high mechanical strength, and have state-of-the-art applications in aerospace, marine, construction and automotive sectors. The demand for carbon fibre?based components is expected to grow dramatically with expanding opportunities for lightweight metals and composites. Although this field has achieved a high level of maturity, nanoscale developments in carbon fibres have seen dramatic improvements in the functions of conventional biomaterials and composites. This book reveals several new developments in the field to enhance characteristics of carbon fibres and their composites, novel applications for tissue engineering, biological scaffoldings and implants, recycling and reuse of end-of-life CFRP and manufacturing waste and other issues of concern in the field of carbon fibres.

Carbon Composites

Carbon Composites Book
Author : Deborah D.L. Chung
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2016-11-08
ISBN : 0128028807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Composites: Composites with Carbon Fibers, Nanofibers, and Nanotubes, Second Edition, provides the reader with information on a wide range of carbon fiber composites, including polymer-matrix, metal-matrix, carbon-matrix, ceramic-matrix and cement-matrix composites. In contrast to other books on composites, this work emphasizes materials rather than mechanics. This emphasis reflects the key role of materials science and engineering in the development of composite materials. The applications focus of the book covers both the developing range of structural applications for carbon fiber composites, including military and civil aircraft, automobiles and construction, and non-structural applications, including electromagnetic shielding, sensing/monitoring, vibration damping, energy storage, energy generation, and deicing. In addition to these new application areas, new material in this updated edition includes coverage of cement-matrix composites, carbon nanofibers, carbon matrix precursors, fiber surface treatment, nanocarbons, and hierarchical composites. An ideal source of information for senior undergraduate students, graduate students, and professionals working with composite materials and carbon fibers, this book can be used both as a reference book and as a textbook. Introduces the entire spectrum of carbon fiber composites, including polymer-matrix, metal-matrix, carbon-matrix, ceramic-matrix and cement-matrix composites Systematically sets out the processing, properties, and applications of each type of material Emphasizes processing as the foundation of understanding, manufacturing, and designing with composite materials

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles Book
Author : Jonathan Y Chen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 0081006780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles provides systematic coverage of the fundamentals, properties, and current and emerging applications of carbon fiber textiles in a single volume, providing industry professionals and academics working in the field with a broader understanding of these materials. Part I discusses carbon fiber principles and production, including precursors and pyrolysis, carbon fiber spinning, and carbonization and activation. Part II provides more detailed analysis of the key properties of carbon fiber textiles, including their thermal, acoustic, electrical, adsorption, and mechanical behaviors. The final section covers applications of carbon fiber such as filtration, energy protection, and energy and gas storage. Features input from an editor who is an expert in his field: Professor Jonathan Chen has a wealth of experience in the area of activated carbon fiber materials Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the key aspects of activated carbon fiber textiles, from their principles, processing, and properties to their industrial applications Offers up-to-date coverage of new technology for the fiber and textiles industries Covers applications such as filtration, energy protection, and energy and gas storage

Carbon Fibers

Carbon Fibers Book
Author : Hauke Lengsfeld,Hendrik Mainka,Volker Altstädt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-01-05
ISBN : 9781569908280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This useful guide provides a practical approach to making carbon fibers and their composites. The book begins with a brief history of the development of carbon fiber, defining the terminology for all forms of solid carbon and the properties for elemental carbon and its allotropic forms. Various precursors for carbon fibers, corresponding surface treatments and sizes for various types of carbon fiber available on the world market are presented. The book gives an excellent overview of the chemical and physical properties of carbon fibers and their composites. Common test and analysis methods for verifying these properties are also presented. In several chapters, typical processing processes for carbon fibers with dry and also impregnated semi-finished products in application areas such as aerospace, wind industry and automotive up to the construction industry are presented. The advantages and disadvantages of various manufacturing processes are shown based on application examples. Considerations regarding carbon fiber recycling and sustainability (environmental footprint) as well as new developments in the field of carbon fiber production should support the reader in the selection and understanding of material, process and design in order to be able to implement them successfully.

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies Book
Author : T.D. Burchell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-07-22
ISBN : 0080528546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The inspiration for this book came from an American Carbon Society Workshop entitled "Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies" which was hosted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1994. Chapter 1 contains a review of carbon materials, and emphasizes the structure and chemical bonding in the various forms of carbon, including the four allotropes diamond, graphite, carbynes, and the fullerenes. In addition, amorphous carbon and diamond films, carbon nanoparticles, and engineered carbons are discussed. The most recently discovered allotrope of carbon, i.e., the fullerenes, along with carbon nanotubes, are more fully discussed in Chapter 2, where their structure-property relations are reviewed in the context of advanced technologies for carbon based materials. The synthesis, structure, and properties of the fullerenes and nanotubes, and modification of the structure and properties through doping, are also reviewed. Potential applications of this new family of carbon materials are considered. The manufacture and applications of adsorbent carbon fibers are discussed in Chapter 3. The manufacture, structure and properties of high performance fibers are reviewed in Chapter 4, and the manufacture and properties of vapor grown fibers and their composites are reported in Chapter 5. The properties and applications of novel low density composites developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are reported in Chapter 6. Coal is an important source of energy and an abundant source of carbon. The production of engineering carbons and graphite from coal via a solvent extraction route is described in Chapter 7. Applications of activated carbons are discussed in Chapters 8-10, including their use in the automotive arena as evaporative loss emission traps (Chapter 8), and in vehicle natural gas storage tanks (Chapter 9). The application of activated carbons in adsorption heat pumps and refrigerators is discussed in Chapter 10. Chapter 11 reports the use of carbon materials in the fast growing consumer electronics application of lithium-ion batteries. The role of carbon materials in nuclear systems is discussed in Chapters 12 and 13, where fusion device and fission reactor applications, respectively, are reviewed. In Chapter 12 the major technological issues for the utilization of carbon as a plasma facing material are discussed in the context of current and future fusion tokamak devices. The essential design features of graphite moderated reactors, (including gas-, water- and molten salt-cooled systems) are reviewed in Chapter 13, and reactor environmental effects such as radiation damage and radiolytic corrosion are discussed. The fracture behaviour of graphite is discussed in qualitative and quantitative terms in Chapter 14. The applications of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics and Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics to graphite are reviewed and a study of the role of small flaws in nuclear graphites is reported.

Carbon Fiber Composites

Carbon Fiber Composites Book
Author : Deborah D.L. Chung,Deborah Chung
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080500730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Carbon Fiber Composites, the reader is introduced to a wide range of carbon fiber composites, including polymer-matrix, metal matrix, carbon-matrix, ceramic-matrix and hybrid composites. The subject is examined in a tutorial fashion, so that no prior knowledge of the field is required. In contrast to other books on composites, this book emphasizes materials rather than mechanics, as the prominence of composite materials has resulted from their increased presence in applications other than structure. Provides up-to-date information on the entire spectrum of carbon fiber composites Emphasizes processing as the foundation of composite materials development Addresses the processing, properties and applications of each type of material systematically

Potential Release of Fibers from Burning Carbon Composites

Potential Release of Fibers from Burning Carbon Composites Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive experimental carbon fiber source program was conducted to determine the potential for the release of conductive carbon fibers from burning composites. Laboratory testing determined the relative importance of several parameters influencing the amounts of single fibers released, while large scale aviation jet fuel pool fires provided realistic confirmation of the laboratory data. The dimensions and size distributions of fire-released carbon fibers were determined, not only for those of concern in an electrical sense, but also for those of potential interest from a health and environmental standpoint. Fire plume and chemistry studies were performed with large pool fires to provide an experimental input into an analytical modelling of simulated aircraft crash fires. A study of a high voltage spark system resulted in a promising device for the detection, counting, and sizing of electrically conductive fibers, for both active and passive modes of operation.

Carbon Reinforcements and Carbon Carbon Composites

Carbon Reinforcements and Carbon Carbon Composites Book
Author : E. Fitzer,Lalit M. Manocha
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642587453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced composite materials have been a major research focus for the past forty years. As a reinforcement for conventional materials including glass, ceramics and polymers, carbon has proved to be the most successful. Carbon gives these materials flexibility so that they may be produced in bulk form with a wide variety of properties. Whereas carbon/carbon composites are the most effective materials in extreme temperature conditions. Application ranges from brakes to missile nose cones. Carbon Reinforcements and Carbon/Carbon Composites gives the present state on this subject in comprehensive form, as well as projections for other "High Tech" materials and their application.