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Carbon Dioxide To Chemicals And Fuels

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Carbon Dioxide to Chemicals and Fuels

Carbon Dioxide to Chemicals and Fuels Book
Author : Aulice Scibioh,Viswanathan B
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-01-02
ISBN : 0444639977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Dioxide to Chemicals and Fuels provides a snapshot of the present status of this rapidly growing field, examining ongoing breakthroughs in research and development, motivations, innovations and their respective impacts and perspectives. It also covers in detail the existing technical barriers to achieving key goals in this area. This book details the various methods, both currently available and potential, for conversion of CO2 into fuels and chemicals. With explanation of concepts and their applications, Carbon Dioxide to Chemicals and Fuels offers an interdisciplinary approach that draws on and clarifies the most recent research trends. Explains the fundamental aspects of CO2 utilization Provides recent developments in CO2 utilization for the production of chemicals Answers the questions surrounding why some processes have not commercialized Discusses and analyses in detail many available catalytic conversion methods

Green Carbon Dioxide

Green Carbon Dioxide Book
Author : Gabriele Centi,Siglinda Perathoner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-01-17
ISBN : 1118831942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PROMISING NEW APPROACHES TO RECYCLE CARBON DIOXIDE AND REDUCEEMISSIONS With this book as their guide, readers will learn a variety ofnew approaches and methods to recycle and reuse carbon dioxide(CO2) in order to produce green fuels and chemicals and,at the same time, minimize CO2 emissions. The authorsdemonstrate how to convert CO2 into a broad range ofessential products by using alternative green energy sources, suchas solar, wind, and hydro-power as well as sustainable energysources. Readers will discover that CO2 can be a drivingforce for the sustainable future of both the chemical industry andthe energy and fuels industry. Green Carbon Dioxide features a team of expert authors,offering perspectives on the latest breakthroughs in CO2recycling from Asia, Europe, and North America. The book beginswith an introduction to the production of CO2-basedfuels and chemicals. Next, it covers such topics as: Transformation of CO2 to useable products throughfree-radical-induced reactions Hydrogenation of CO2 to liquid fuels Direct synthesis of organic carbonates from CO2 andalcohols using heterogeneous oxide catalysts Electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 in methanolmedium Fuel production from photocatalytic reduction of CO2with water using TiO2-based nanocomposites Use of CO2 in enhanced oil recovery and carboncapture and sequestration More than 1,000 references enable readers to explore individualtopics in greater depth. Green Carbon Dioxide offers engineers, chemists, andmanagers in the chemical and energy and fuel industries aremarkable new perspective, demonstrating how CO2 canplay a significant role in the development of a sustainableEarth.

Carbon Dioxide as Chemical Feedstock

Carbon Dioxide as Chemical Feedstock Book
Author : Michele Aresta
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-01-26
ISBN : 9783527629923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filling the need for an up-to-date handbook, this ready reference closely investigates the use of CO2 for ureas, enzymes, carbamates, and isocyanates, as well as its use as a solvent, in electrochemistry, biomass utilization and much more. Edited by an internationally renowned and experienced researcher, this is a comprehensive source for every synthetic chemist in academia and industry.

Renewable Synthetic Fuels and Chemicals from Carbon Dioxide

Renewable Synthetic Fuels and Chemicals from Carbon Dioxide Book
Author : David S.A. Simakov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-24
ISBN : 3319611127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book outlines the most recent progress in the development of technologies for carbon dioxide utilization into renewable synthetic fuels and platform chemicals via chemical and biological routes. Various processes are discussed, including thermocatalytic, electrocatalytic, photocatalytic, and biological conversion. This SpringerBrief consists of four chapters, each chapter outlining fundamentals and catalytic mechanisms, and discussing main design considerations and major technological challenges, providing also a brief outline of the most recent progress. The book is useful for a broad community of academic and industrial researchers in the fields of chemical reaction engineering, electro- and photo-chemistry, and biochemical engineering, with specific emphasizes on heterogeneous catalysis, reactor design and process development.

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry Capture and Oil Recovery

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry  Capture and Oil Recovery Book
Author : Iyad Karamé,Janah Shaya,Hassan Srour
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-08-16
ISBN : 178923574X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fossil fuels still need to meet the growing demand of global economic development, yet they are often considered as one of the main sources of the CO2 release in the atmosphere. CO2, which is the primary greenhouse gas (GHG), is periodically exchanged among the land surface, ocean, and atmosphere where various creatures absorb and produce it daily. However, the balanced processes of producing and consuming the CO2 by nature are unfortunately faced by the anthropogenic release of CO2. Decreasing the emissions of these greenhouse gases is becoming more urgent. Therefore, carbon sequestration and storage (CSS) of CO2, its utilization in oil recovery, as well as its conversion into fuels and chemicals emerge as active options and potential strategies to mitigate CO2 emissions and climate change, energy crises, and challenges in the storage of energy.

Carbon Dioxide Utilisation

Carbon Dioxide Utilisation Book
Author : Peter Styring,Elsje Alessandra Quadrelli,Katy Armstrong
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-09-13
ISBN : 0444627480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Dioxide Utilisation: Closing the Carbon Cycle explores areas of application such as conversion to fuels, mineralization, conversion to polymers, and artificial photosynthesis as well as assesses the potential industrial suitability of the various processes. After an introduction to the thermodynamics, basic reactions, and physical chemistry of carbon dioxide, the book proceeds to examine current commercial and industrial processes, and the potential for carbon dioxide as a green and sustainable resource. While carbon dioxide is generally portrayed as a "bad" gas, a waste product, and a major contributor to global warming, a new branch of science is developing to convert this "bad" gas into useful products. This book explores the science behind converting CO2 into fuels for our cars and planes, and for use in plastics and foams for our homes and cars, pharmaceuticals, building materials, and many more useful products. Carbon dioxide utilization is a rapidly expanding area of research that holds a potential key to sustainable, petrochemical-free chemical production and energy integration. Accessible and balanced between chemistry, engineering, and industrial applications Informed by blue-sky thinking and realistic possibilities for future technology and applications Encompasses supply chain sustainability and economics, processes, and energy integration

Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels

Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels Book
Author : Harold Schobert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-01-17
ISBN : 0521114004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses the formation, composition, properties and processing of the principal fossil and biofuels, ideal for graduate students and professionals.

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Utilization of Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2019-02-22
ISBN : 0309483360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the quest to mitigate the buildup of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere, researchers and policymakers have increasingly turned their attention to techniques for capturing greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, either from the locations where they are emitted or directly from the atmosphere. Once captured, these gases can be stored or put to use. While both carbon storage and carbon utilization have costs, utilization offers the opportunity to recover some of the cost and even generate economic value. While current carbon utilization projects operate at a relatively small scale, some estimates suggest the market for waste carbon-derived products could grow to hundreds of billions of dollars within a few decades, utilizing several thousand teragrams of waste carbon gases per year. Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs assesses research and development needs relevant to understanding and improving the commercial viability of waste carbon utilization technologies and defines a research agenda to address key challenges. The report is intended to help inform decision making surrounding the development and deployment of waste carbon utilization technologies under a variety of circumstances, whether motivated by a goal to improve processes for making carbon-based products, to generate revenue, or to achieve environmental goals.

Transformation of Carbon Dioxide to Formic Acid and Methanol

Transformation of Carbon Dioxide to Formic Acid and Methanol Book
Author : Wan-Hui Wang,Xiujuan Feng,Ming Bao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-26
ISBN : 9811032505
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This brief explains the principles and fundamentals of carbon dioxide utilization and highlights the transformation to fuels and value-added chemicals such as formic acid and methanol. It is divided into six chapters, including an introduction to the basics of CO2 utilization and transformation of CO2 to formic acid and methanol with homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts, respectively. The brief will appeal to a wide readership of academic and industrial researchers focusing on homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, organometallic chemistry, green chemistry, energy conversion and storage.

Capture and Utilization of Carbon Dioxide with Polyethylene Glycol

Capture and Utilization of Carbon Dioxide with Polyethylene Glycol Book
Author : Zhen-Zhen Yang,Qing-Wen Song,Liang-Nian He
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-10
ISBN : 3642312683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this volume, Professor He and his coworkers summarize polyethylene glycol (PEG)-promoted CO2 chemistry on the basis of understanding about phase behavior of PEG/CO2 system and reaction mechanism at molecular level. As PEG could be utilized as a green replacement for organic solvents, phase-transfer catalyst, surfactant, support in various reaction systems, significantly promoting catalytic activity and recovering expensive metal catalysts, particularly regarded as a CO2-philic material, the authors focus on special applications of PEG in CO2 capture and utilization, including PEG-functionalized catalysts for efficient transformation of CO2 and PEG-functionalized absorbents for efficient CO2 capture. Furthermore, they describe carbon capture and utilization strategy as an alternative approach to address the energy penalty problem in carbon capture and storage. Interestingly, the authors also discuss PEG radical chemistry in dense CO2 as rather creative and unusual use of PEG, presumably serves as a reaction medium and a radical initiator for radical chemistry.

Biomass for Renewable Energy Fuels and Chemicals

Biomass for Renewable Energy  Fuels  and Chemicals Book
Author : Donald L. Klass
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1998-07-06
ISBN : 9780080528052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals serves as a comprehensive introduction to the subject for the student and educator, and is useful for researchers who are interested in the technical details of biomass energy production. The coverage and discussion are multidisciplinary, reflecting the many scientific and engineering disciplines involved. The book will appeal to a broad range of energy professionals and specialists, farmers and foresters who are searching for methods of selecting, growing, and converting energy crops, entrepreneurs who are commercializing biomass energy projects, and those involved in designing solid and liquid waste disposal-energy recovery systems. Presents a graduated treatment from basic principles to the details of specific technologies Includes a critical analysis of many biomass energy research and commercialization activities Proposes several new technical approaches to improve efficiencies, net energy production, and economics Reviews failed projects, as well as successes, and methods for overcoming barriers to commercialization Written by a leader in the field with 40 years of educational, research, and commercialization experience

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis Book
Author : Steven L Suib
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-11
ISBN : 0444538836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes. This volume presents a complete picture of all carbon dioxide (CO2) sources, outlines the environmental concerns regarding CO2, and critically reviews all current CO2 activation processes. Furthermore, the volume discusses all future developments and gives a critical economic analysis of the various processes. Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

Carbon Neutral Fuels and Energy Carriers

Carbon Neutral Fuels and Energy Carriers Book
Author : Nazim Z. Muradov,T. Nejat Veziroğlu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439818584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concerns over an unstable energy supply and the adverse environmental impact of carbonaceous fuels have triggered considerable efforts worldwide to find carbon-free or low-carbon alternatives to conventional fossil fuels. Carbon-Neutral Fuels and Energy Carriers emphasizes the vital role of carbon-neutral energy sources, transportation fuels, and associated technologies for establishing a sustainable energy future. Each chapter draws on the insight of world-renowned experts in such diverse fields as photochemistry and electrochemistry, solar and nuclear energy, biofuels and synthetic fuels, carbon sequestration, and alternative fuel vehicles. After an introductory chapter on different energy options in a carbon-constrained world and proposed measures to stabilize atmospheric CO2, the book analyzes the advantages and challenges facing the introduction of hydrogen fuel to the marketplace. It then examines the role of nuclear power in the production of carbon-free energy and fuels as well as the efficient use and storage of renewable energy resources, emphasizing the production of solar fuels from water and CO2. The book also discusses different aspects of bioenergy and biofuels production and use and the potential role of bio-inspired energy systems and industrial processes. The final chapters present a thorough overview and analysis of state-of-the-art fossil fuel decarbonization technologies and clean transportation options. This authoritative work provides the information needed to make more informed choices regarding available clean energy and fuel alternatives. It helps readers to better understand the interconnection between energy and the environment as well as the potential impact of human activities on climate.

Carbon Dioxide Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic Formations Results from the CO2 Capture Project

Carbon Dioxide Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic Formations   Results from the CO2 Capture Project Book
Author : David C Thomas,Sally M Benson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-01-06
ISBN : 9780080457482
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past decade, the prospect of climate change resulting from anthropogenic CO2 has become a matter of growing public concern. Not only is the reduction of CO2 emissions extremely important, but keeping the cost at a manageable level is a prime priority for companies and the public, alike. The CO2 capture project (CCP) came together with a common goal in mind: find a technological process to capture CO2 emissions that is relatively low-cost and able be to be expanded to industrial applications. The Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project outlines the research and findings of all the participating companies and associations involved in the CCP. The final results of thousands of hours of research are outlined in the book, showing a successful achievement of the CCP’s goals for lower cost CO2 capture technology and furthering the safe, reliable option of geological storage. The Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project is a valuable reference for any scientists, industrialists, government agencies, and companies interested in a safer, more cost-efficient response to the CO2 crisis. *Succeeds in tackling the most important issues at the heart of the CO2 crisis: lower-cost and safer solutions, and making the technology available at an industrial level. *Contains technical papers and findings of all researchers involved in the CO2 capture and storage project (CCP) *Consolidates thousands of hours of research into a concise and valuable reference work, providing up-to-the minute information on CO2 capture and underground storage alternatives.

Carbon Dioxide Capture

Carbon Dioxide Capture Book
Author : Jonathan Albo Sanchez
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-11-13
ISBN : 9781634853217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The large scale consumption of fossil fuels for the production of energy has raised CO2 levels up to 400 ppm over the last decades. These high atmospheric CO2 concentrations are linked to severe environmental problems such as the undesirable effects of global warming. In the 21st century, the world will be still searching for strategies to re-balance the natural carbon cycle and decoupling the economic growth from CO2 emissions. The transition to a low-carbon economy emerges as a priority to sustain socio-economic progress in a world of finite resources. In this sense, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU) are different approaches aimed at mitigating greenhouse gas impacts from fossil fuels combustion in industrial and energy-related processes. With the rapidly growing energy demand as countries develop, the CCS and CCU may be considered as an interesting mid-term solution to mitigate environmental impacts and allow humans to continue using fossil energy until renewable energy technologies have matured. In both processes, the CO2 capture seems to be one of the main bottleneck steps where the efforts have to be applied. Thus, the development of new processes and technologies for CO2 capture in energy production is under research in order to maximise their cost-efficiency in this CO2-emission constrained framework. The book Carbon Dioxide Capture: Processes, Technology and Environmental Implications aims at presenting the recent developments for CO2 capture processes in fossil fuel power plants (i.e. pre-combustion, post-combustion, and oxy-combustion). Besides, new and prospective breakthrough technologies for CO2 capture for CCS and CCU approaches are examined.

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2009

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering   PSE2009 Book
Author : Rita Maria de Brito Alves,Claudio Augusto Oller do Nascimento,Evaristo Chalbaud Biscaia
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-05
ISBN : 9780444534736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the proceedings of the 10e of a series of international symposia on process systems engineering (PSE) initiated in 1982. The special focus of PSE09 is how PSE methods can support sustainable resource systems and emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering. * Contains fully searchable CD of all printed contributions * Focus on sustainable green engineering * 9 Plenary papers, 21 Keynote lectures by leading experts in the field

Reaction Mechanisms in Carbon Dioxide Conversion

Reaction Mechanisms in Carbon Dioxide Conversion Book
Author : Michele Aresta,Angela Dibenedetto,Eugenio Quaranta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-07
ISBN : 366246831X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an analysis of the reaction mechanisms relevant to a number of processes in which CO2 is converted into valuable products. Several different processes are considered that convert CO2 either in specialty chemicals or in bulk products or fuels. For each reaction, the mechanism is discussed and the assessed steps besides the dark sites of the reaction pathway are highlighted. From the insertion of CO2 into E-X bonds to the reduction of CO2 to CO or other C1 molecules or else to C2 or Cn molecules, the reactions are analysed in order to highlight the known and obscure reaction steps. Besides well known reaction mechanisms and energy profiles, several lesser known situations are discussed. Advancing knowledge of the latter would help to develop efficient routes for the conversion of CO2 into valuable products useful either in the chemical or in the energy industry. The content of this book is quite different from other books reporting the use of CO2. On account of its clear presentation, “Reaction Mechanisms in Carbon Dioxide Conversion” targets in particular researchers, teachers and PhD students.

Proceedings of the Third Asia Pacific Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environmental Technologies Hong Kong 3 6 December 2000

Proceedings of the Third Asia Pacific Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environmental Technologies  Hong Kong  3 6 December 2000 Book
Author : Xijun Hu,Po Lock Yue
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9789810245498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the rapid expansion of the Asia-Pacific economy in the last decade and the recovery after the recent crisis, severe demands will be placed on energy services and the environment. Coping with the volatile oil prices that persist in the market introduces an additional factor into the energy supply and demand equation, not just for countries in this region but also worldwide. Inevitably there will be implications for environmental issues too. The future will see a continuing challenge to balance growth with sustainability in the economic, social and environmental sectors. This conference, a sequel to the immensely successful APCSEET conferences held in Singapore and Australia, is aimed at meeting that challenge by addressing the pertinent issues related to sustainable energy and environmental protection. It provides a forum for participants from academia, industry and government agencies to interact, report on research in progress, and identify opportunities in the fields of sustainable energy and environmental technologies. The presentations include not only technical issues such as air pollution control, wastewater treatment, solid waste management, renewable energy and cleaner production, but also education and policy issues.

Hydrothermal Reduction of Carbon Dioxide to Low Carbon Fuels

Hydrothermal Reduction of Carbon Dioxide to Low Carbon Fuels Book
Author : Fangming Jin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-06
ISBN : 1351262831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book covers advances in hydrothermal reduction of CO2 into low-carbon fuels. It offers perspectives from chemical engineering, environmental chemicals, organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, geology and materials science. It addresses fundamentals and applications of hydrothermal chemical processes, associated materials, and technologies. It describes reduction with biomass and dissociation of water by solar energy-driven two-step process. Challenges and strategies are discussed to facilitate research and development.

Oxy Fuel Combustion for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide CO2 Capture

Oxy Fuel Combustion for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide  CO2  Capture Book
Author : L Zheng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-02-26
ISBN : 0857090984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oxy-fuel combustion is currently considered to be one of the major technologies for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in power plants. The advantages of using oxygen (O2) instead of air for combustion include a CO2-enriched flue gas that is ready for sequestration following purification and low NOx emissions. This simple and elegant technology has attracted considerable attention since the late 1990s, rapidly developing from pilot-scale testing to industrial demonstration. Challenges remain, as O2 supply and CO2 capture create significant energy penalties that must be reduced through overall system optimisation and the development of new processes. Oxy-fuel combustion for power generation and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture comprehensively reviews the fundamental principles and development of oxy-fuel combustion in fossil-fuel fired utility boilers. Following a foreword by Professor János M. Beér, the book opens with an overview of oxy-fuel combustion technology and its role in a carbon-constrained environment. Part one introduces oxy-fuel combustion further, with a chapter comparing the economics of oxy-fuel vs. post-/pre-combustion CO2 capture, followed by chapters on plant operation, industrial scale demonstrations, and circulating fluidized bed combustion. Part two critically reviews oxy-fuel combustion fundamentals, such as ignition and flame stability, burner design, emissions and heat transfer characteristics, concluding with chapters on O2 production and CO2 compression and purification technologies. Finally, part three explores advanced concepts and developments, such as near-zero flue gas recycle and high-pressure systems, as well as chemical looping combustion and utilisation of gaseous fuel. With its distinguished editor and internationally renowned contributors, Oxy-fuel combustion for power generation and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture provides a rich resource for power plant designers, operators, and engineers, as well as academics and researchers in the field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental principles and development of oxy-fuel combustion in fossil-fuel fired utility boilers Provides an overview of oxy-fuel combustion technology and its role in a carbon-constrained environment Introduces oxy-fuel combustion comparing the economics of oxy-fuel vs. post-/pre-combustion CO2 capture