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Carbon Based Nanomaterials And Nanocomposites For Gas Sensing

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Carbon based Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites for Gas Sensing

Carbon based Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites for Gas Sensing Book
Author : Navinchandra Gopal Shimpi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-01
ISBN : 0128213744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon-based nanomaterials and Nanocomposites for Gas Sensing discusses the state-of-the-art, emerging challenges, properties and opportunities of various carbon-based nanomaterials and nanocomposites with their application in smart gas sensors. The book focuses on carbon-based nanomaterials used for the purpose of sensing, device fabrication and its applications for the sensing of various hazardous gases. In addition, it provides systematic and effective guidelines for researchers who want to gain a fundamental understanding on how this class of materials is being used for gas sensing. Since these sensors can be applied for the automation of numerous industrial processes and for the everyday monitoring of various activities, including public safety, engine performance, medical therapeutics, and in many other situations, this book will catch the attention of readers and motivate them for advanced research in the development of smart and efficient gas sensors. Offers a one-stop resource, bringing together information currently scattered over journal papers and project reports Presents a focused concept that reflects the properties, synthesis and sensing capabilities of carbon-based nanomaterials and their composites Combines fundamental experimental and theoretical information with industrial needs and engineering design methods

Nanosensor Technologies for Environmental Monitoring

Nanosensor Technologies for Environmental Monitoring Book
Author : Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 303045116X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced materials and nanotechnology is a promising, emerging field involving the use of nanoparticles to facilitate the detection of various physical and chemical parameters, including temperature, humidity, pH, metal ion, anion, small organic or inorganic molecules, gases, and biomolecules responsible for environmental issues that can lead to diseases like cancer, diabetes, osteoarthritis, bacterial infections, and brain, retinal, and cardiovascular diseases. By monitoring environmental samples and detecting these environmental issues, advanced nanotechnology in this type of sensory technology is able to improve daily quality of life. Although these sensors are commercially available for the detection of monovalent cations, anions, gases, volatile organic molecules, heavy metal ions, and toxic metal ions, many existing models require significant power and lack advanced technology for more quality selectivity and sensitivity. There is room in these sensors to optimize their selectivity, reversibility, on/off ratio, response time, and their environmental stability in real-world operating conditions. This book explores the methods for the development and design of environmentally-friendly, simple, reliable, and cost effective electrochemical nanosensors using powerful nanostructured materials. More specifically, it highlights the use of various electrochemical-based biosensor sensors involved in the detection of monovalent cations, anions, gases, volatile organic molecules, heavy metal ions, and toxic metal ions, with the ultimate goal of seeing these technologies reach market.

Carbon based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications

Carbon based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications Book
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Pei Sean Goh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-03-28
ISBN : 0128135751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon-Based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications provides the fundamental physico-chemical characterizations of recently explored carbon-based polymer nanocomposites, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene and its derivatives, nanodiamond, fullerenes and other nano-sized carbon allotropes. The book also covers the applications of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite in the environmental and energy fields. Topics range from the various approaches that have been explored and developed for the fabrication of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite, to their applications in tackling environmental and energy related issues. Provides a clear picture of the current state-of-the-art and future trends in carbon-based polymer nanomaterials Explains the interactions between nanofiller-polymer matrices and mechanisms related to applications in environmental pollution and energy shortage Includes computational and experimental studies of the physical and chemical properties of carbon-based polymer nanocomposites Features chapters written by world leading experts

Synthesis of Nickel Oxide hydroxides and Their Nanocomposites with Carbon Materials for Supercapacitor and Gas Sensing Applications

Synthesis of Nickel Oxide hydroxides and Their Nanocomposites with Carbon Materials for Supercapacitor and Gas Sensing Applications Book
Author : Abubakar Abubakar Khaleed
Publisher :
Release : 2017
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The goal of this thesis is to produce NiO- and Ni(OH)2-carbon based nanocomposites and explore their possible adoption as active electrode materials in supercapacitor and gas sensing applications. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and gas adsorption analyses were utilized to evaluate the structure and morphology of all samples in this study. The major aim of integrating carbon-based nanomaterials (graphene foam, graphene oxide and activated carbon) into Ni-based oxides and hydroxides in this study is to take advantage of their outstanding characteristics. These include good electrical conductivity, high corrosion resistance, large SSA, low-cost, good cyclic and temperature stability, as well as the capability to serve as a substrate for growth of other materials to form a suitable composite. The electrochemical evaluation as a potential supercapacitor electrode was employed in a three (3)-electrode configuration for the as-prepared Ni(OH)2/carbon based electrodes (NiOH)2/graphene foam and Ni(OH)2/graphene oxide electrodes) while the gas sensing characteristics of NiO/carbon-based electrodes were investigated using NCSM-CSIR gas sensing station controlled by a KEITHLEY pico-ammeter system. The electrochemical results of Ni(OH)2/carbon-based electrodes have demonstrated a superior electrochemical performance as compared to the pristine Ni(OH)2 electrodes with the results comparable and even better than some earlier related studies available in the literature. Similarly, NiO/carbonbased electrodes in the form of NiO/graphene foam and NiO/activated carbon electrodes both exhibited enhanced gas sensing properties in comparison to the pristine NiO electrode due to the increased specific surface area and electrical conductivity that are linked to its sensing response, response time and recovery time. Thus, the results obtained from these studies have clearly established the viability of these carbon-based nanomaterial composites as promising candidates for electrochemical supercapacitor and gas sensing applications.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors

Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors Book
Author : Eduard Llobet Valero
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-13
ISBN : 0128148284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors: Synthesis, Integration and Applications presents full coverage in the area of gas sensing nanomaterials, from materials, transducers and applications, to the latest results and future direction. Experts present work on metal oxides, carbon-based and hybrid materials, fabrication and application. The book brings together three major themes, including synthesis, functionalization and the characterization of advanced nanomaterials, all emphasizing synthesis techniques that ease the integration of nanomaterials in transducers. Chapters encompass a wide spectrum of sensing technologies, including advanced nanomaterials (metal oxides, carbon materials and graphene) and organic molecular materials and atomic layers (MoS2). The book's authors examine the coupling of sensitive nanomaterials to different types of transducer elements and their applications, including direct growth and additive fabrication techniques as a way to obtain inexpensive gas microsensors, principal transduction schemes, and advanced operating methods. Presents technological solutions and applications of gas sensors in varied areas of chemistry, physics, material science and engineering Examines advanced operating methods (e.g., temperature modulation, self-heating, light-activated response, noise methods) to enhance stability, sensitivity, selectivity and reduce power consumption Provides a critical review of current applications and their expected future evolution, demonstrating the most promising approaches and future expectations in the development of inexpensive gas micro- and nanosensors

Carbon Nanomaterials for Gas Adsorption

Carbon Nanomaterials for Gas Adsorption Book
Author : Maria Letizia Terranova,Silvia Orlanducci,Marco Rossi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-11-27
ISBN : 9814364193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research in adsorption of gases by carbon nanomaterials has experienced considerable growth in recent years, with increasing interest for practical applications. Many research groups are now producing or using such materials for gas adsorption, storage, purification, and sensing. This book provides a selected overview of some of the most interesting scientific results regarding the outstanding properties of carbon nanomaterials for gas adsorption and of interest both for basic research and technological applications. Topics receiving special attention in this book include storage of H, purification of H, storage of rare gases, adsorption of organic vapors, gas trapping and separation, and metrology of gas adsorption.

Functional Nanomaterials

Functional Nanomaterials Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Nirav Joshi,Vijay K. Tomer
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-12
ISBN : 9811548102
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-art in oxide nanostructures, carbon nanostructures and 2D materials fabrication. It covers mimicking of sensing mechanisms and applications in gas sensors. It focuses on gas sensors based on functional nanostructured materials, especially related to issues of sensitivity, selectivity, and temperature dependency for sensors. It covers synthesis, properties, and current gas sensing tools and discusses the necessity for miniaturized sensors. This book will be of use to senior undergraduate and graduate students, professionals, and researchers in the field of solid-state physics, materials science, surface science and chemical engineering.

Graphene

Graphene Book
Author : Stanislav Kolisnychenko
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2015-07-31
ISBN : 3038269522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a direct development of nanotechnologies, graphene is the first known crystal that has genuine two-dimensional structure (2D). The diversity of properties of graphene has predetermined a wide range of applications of its use in many areas of scientific and practical activities. The collection “Graphene” consists of papers published by Trans Tech Publications Inc. from 2010 up to 2015 and covers the technology of graphene formation, as well as the application of this unique material to a wide range of technological developments. The papers are presented in nine chapters: Chapter 1: Technologies of Graphene Formation; Chapter 2: Research and Analysis Properties and Quality of Graphene; Chapter 3: Composites and Polymers Based on Graphene; Chapter 4: Research and Development of Films, Fibers, Surface and Coating with Use of Graphene; Chapter 5: Application of Graphene in Photocatalytic Processes and Environmental Engineering; Chapter 6: Graphene in Biomedical Engineering; Chapter 7: Using Graphene in Electronics and Photovoltaics; Chapter 8: Application of Graphene for Sensors and NEMS; Chapter 9: Using of Graphene in Energy Storage, Fuel Cells and Supercapacitors.

Nanoscale Sensors

Nanoscale Sensors Book
Author : Shibin Li,Jiang Wu,Zhiming M. Wang,Yadong Jiang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-01-07
ISBN : 3319027727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a comprehensive introduction to nanoscale materials for sensor applications, with a focus on connecting the fundamental laws of physics and the chemistry of materials with device design. Nanoscale sensors can be used for a wide variety of applications, including the detection of gases, optical signals, and mechanical strain, and can meet the need to detect and quantify the presence of gaseous pollutants or other dangerous substances in the environment. Gas sensors have found various applications in our daily lives and in industry. Semiconductive oxides, including SnO2, ZnO, Fe2O3, and In2O3, are promising candidates for gas sensor applications. Carbon nanomaterials are becoming increasingly available as “off-the-shelf” components, and this makes nanotechnology more exciting and approachable than ever before. Nano-wire based field- effect transistor biosensors have also received much attention in recent years as a way to achieve ultra-sensitive and label-free sensing of molecules of biological interest. A diverse array of semiconductor-based nanostructures has been synthesized for use as a photoelectrochemical sensor or biosensor in the detection of low concentrations of analytes. A novel acoustic sensor for structural health monitoring (SHM) that utilizes lead zirconate titanate (PZT) nano- active fiber composites (NAFCs) is described as well.

Materials and Applications for Sensors and Transducers II

Materials and Applications for Sensors and Transducers II Book
Author : Evangelos Hristoforou,Dimitrios S. Vlachos
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-03-11
ISBN : 3038139971
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The special collection of peer reviewed papers tends to gather the current know-how from research in the field of material science, especially those materials used for sensors, actuators, and all kind of devices used for transducing physical signals. The aim was to bring together scientists, engineers and product designers in order to fulfill the gap between research and development. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The topics include: New materials development, Fabrication technology, Sensing principles and mechanisms, Actuators, Optical devices, Electrochemical devices, Mass-sensitive devices, Gas sensors, Biosensors, Analytical microsystems, Environmental, Process control, Biomedical applications, Signal processing, Sensor and sensor-array chemometrics.

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Mohammad Naraghi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-08-09
ISBN : 953307566X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Nanotubes are among the strongest, toughest, and most stiff materials found on earth. Moreover, they have remarkable electrical and thermal properties, which make them suitable for many applications including nanocomposites, electronics, and chemical detection devices. This book is the effort of many scientists and researchers all over the world to bring an anthology of recent developments in the field of nanotechnology and more specifically CNTs. In this book you will find: - Recent developments in the growth of CNTs- Methods to modify the surfaces of CNTs and decorate their surfaces for specific applications- Applications of CNTs in biocomposites such as in orthopedic bone cement- Application of CNTs as chemical sensors- CNTs for fuelcells- Health related issues when using CNTs

Applied Physics and Material Applications II

Applied Physics and Material Applications II Book
Author : Witthaya Mekhum,Narong Sangwaranatee,Anat Thapinta,Prungsak Attaphut,Pichet Limsuwan,Hong Joo Kim,Mitra Djamal,Jakrapong Kaewkhao
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2016-01-25
ISBN : 3035701679
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2nd International Conference on Applied Physics and Material Applications (ICAPMA 2015), May 28-30, 2015, Pattaya, Thailand

Needleless Electrospinning of Nanofibers

Needleless Electrospinning of Nanofibers Book
Author : Xungai Wang,Tong Lin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-11-14
ISBN : 9814316350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book covers the basic electrospinning theory, electrospinning technologies that have potential for large scale production of nanofibers, and the functional applications of electrospun nanofibers in different fields. An important needleless electrospinning technique using a rotary fiber generator such as ball, cylinder, disc and wire coil, and the effects of the fiber generator, its shape and dimension, as well as operating parameters on electrospinning performance, fiber morphology and productivity are described. A method to calculate the electric field and analyze electric field profiles in an electrospinning zone is provided. The influence of the fiber collector on fiber quality is also discussed.

Advances in Nanostructured Composites

Advances in Nanostructured Composites Book
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-25
ISBN : 0429667035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first volume of this book covered Section I: Introduction to Nanocomposites Fabrication and Section II: CNT and Graphene Nanocomposites. The present second volume covers Section III: Recent Applications of Nanocomposites. The second volume aims to provide a guide for different applications of modern nanocomposites especially those fabricated by carbon nanotubes and graphene. The book makes a comparative study of fiber-reinforced composites which have been embedded into the matrix with nanocomposites containing nanotubes in place of fibers. The main topics of this volume are: Electrochemical Properties of Nanoporous Based Materials, Fabrication and Application of Graphene Oxide-based Metal and Metal Oxide Nanocomposites, Electrochemical Sensors/Biosensors Based on Carbon Aerogels/Xerogels, Advances in Nanobiocatalysis: Strategies for Lipase Immobilization and Stabilization, Metal Oxide Based Heterojunction Nanoscale Materials for Chemiresistive Gas Sensors, Recent Advances in Polymer Nanocomposite Coatings for Corrosion Protection, Recent Advances in the Design of Nanocomposite Materials via Laser Techniques for Biomedical Applications, Carbonaceous Nanostructured Composites for Electrochemical Power Sources: Fuel Cells, Supercapacitors and Batteries, Bismuth Vanadate Based Nanostructured and Nanocomposite Photocatalyst Materials for Water Splitting Application.

Micro Nano Technology XIV

Micro Nano Technology XIV Book
Author : Fei Tang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-07-15
ISBN : 3038261203
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The collection of 276 peer reviewed papers covers various high-tech fields including electronics, machinery, materials, manufacturing, testing, and disciplines of physical, chemical and biological. The papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Micro and Nano Fabrication; Chapter 2: Micro Sensors; Chapter 3: Micro Actuators; Chapter 4: Microfluidics and Nanofluidics; Chapter 5: Bio MEMS and Applications; Chapter 6: Nanomaterials; Chapter 7: Optical MEMS (MOEMS); Chapter 8: Power MEMS; Chapter 9: Nano Devices and NEMS; Chapter 10: Nanobiology, Nano-Bioinformatics, Nanomedicine; Chapter 11: Packaging, Sealing and Assembling Technologies; Chapter 12: MEMS/Nano Related Research.

Environmental Nanotechnology

Environmental Nanotechnology Book
Author : Nandita Dasgupta,Shivendu Ranjan,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-22
ISBN : 3319987089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the second volume on Environmental Nanotechnology. The first chapter discusses the synthesis of nanomaterial and mainly the green synthesis of inorganic nanomaterials. Furthermore, a comperative discussion about resistive and capacitive measurement of nano-based biosensor is reviewed and the efficient delivery of nutraceutical with the help of nano-vehicles are explained. Moreover, the book also includes reviews on such topics as nanopharmaceuticals, health benefits and the toxic impact of heavy metal nanomaterials and the impact of several nanomaterials on plant abiotic stress and have focussed on the long term impacts of nanomaterials on agroecosystems. The reader will also find presentations on molecularly imprinted polymeric nanocomposites, critical and comparative comments on Nano-biosensors and Nano-aptasensors and on applications of nanotechnology for the remediation and purification of water with a main focus on drinking water. The last chapter presents a comprehensive review on plasmonic nanoparticle based sensors whereby the authors have hypothesized the future applications in the environment which can be plausible in the near future.

Handbook of Gas Sensor Materials

Handbook of Gas Sensor Materials Book
Author : Ghenadii Korotcenkov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-08
ISBN : 1461473888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two volumes of Handbook of Gas Sensor Materials provide a detailed and comprehensive account of materials for gas sensors, including the properties and relative advantages of various materials. Since these sensors can be applied for the automation of myriad industrial processes, as well as for everyday monitoring of such activities as public safety, engine performance, medical therapeutics, and in many other situations, this handbook is of great value. Gas sensor designers will find a treasure trove of material in these two books.

Advances in Composite Materials and Structures

Advances in Composite Materials and Structures Book
Author : Jang Kyo Kim,Ding Zhu Wo,Li Min Zhou,Hai Tao Huang,K.T. Lau,Min Wang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2007-03-15
ISBN : 3038131245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This collection reflects the current worldwide state of knowledge concerning the latest scientific concepts and technological developments in the characterization, testing, mechanics, modelling, manufacturing and applications of various classes of composite materials and structures. It is also intended to promote the sharing of ideas and emerging technologies, as well as to foster R & D collaboration among academia, research institutions and the relevant industries.