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Carbohydrates In Drug Discovery And Development

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Carbohydrates in Drug Discovery and Development

Carbohydrates in Drug Discovery and Development Book
Author : Vinod K. Tiwari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-31
ISBN : 0128166762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbohydrates in Drug Discovery and Development: Synthesis and Applications examines recent and notable developments in the synthesis, biology, therapeutic, and biomedical applications of carbohydrates, which is considered to be a highly promising area of research in the field of medicinal chemistry. Their role in several important biological processes, notably energy storage, transport, modulation of protein function, intercellular adhesion, malignant transformation, signal transduction, viral, and bacterial cell surface recognition formulate the carbohydrate systems to be an exceedingly considerable scaffold for the development of new chemical entities of pharmacological importance. In addition to their easy accessibility, high functionality and chiralpool characteristics are the few additional fascinating structural features of carbohydrates, which further enhance their utilities and thus they have been able to attract chemists and biologists toward harnessing these properties for the past several decades. This book covers an advanced aspect of carbohydrate-based molecular scaffolding, starting with a general introduction followed by a detailed discussion about the impact of diverse carbohydrate-containing molecules of great therapeutic values and their impact on drug discovery and development. The topics covered in this book include the significance of heparin mimetics as the possible tools for the modulation of biology and therapy, chemistry and bioactivities of C-glycosylated compounds, inositols, iminosugars, KDO, sialic acids, glycohybrids, macrocycles, plant oligosaccharides, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer vaccines, antibiotics, and more. • Presents a practical and detailed overview of a wide range of carbohydrate systems including KDO, sialic acids, inositols, iminosugars, etc relevant for drug discovery and development. • Highlights the use of functionalized carbohydrates as synthons for the construction of various systems. • Covers recent developments in the synthesis of various glycohybrid molecules and vaccines. • Highlights the significance of heparin mimetics as tools for the modulation of biology. • Provides an impact of glycan microarrays and carbohydrate– protein interaction.

Carbohydrate based Drug Discovery

Carbohydrate based Drug Discovery Book
Author : Chi-Huey Wong
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-03-06
ISBN : 3527605789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To exploit the full potential of this diverse compound class for the development of novel active substances, this handbook presents the latest knowledge on carbohydrate chemistry and biochemistry. While it is unique in covering the entire field, particular emphasis is placed on carbohydrates with pharmaceutical potential. Topics include the following: > Chemical Synthesis of Carbohydrates > Carbohydrate Biosynthesis and Metabolism > Carbohydrate Analysis > Cellular Functions of Carbohydrates > Development of Carbohydrate-based Drugs A premier resource for carbohydrate chemists and drug developers, this comprehensive two-volume work contains contributions by more than 50 of the world's leading carbohydrate chemists.

Carbohydrate Chemistry

Carbohydrate Chemistry Book
Author : Laura Cipolla
Publisher :
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9781783267194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The structural complexity and the synthetic challenges facing glycans have historically hampered efforts to study their multifaceted roles and the application of carbohydrates in drug development. However, in very recent years, new synthetic techniques flanked by the growing knowledge about carbohydrate involvement in physiological and pathological states has spurred renewed interest in the chemistry, biology and therapeutic potentialities of carbohydrates. This book offers an overview of key aspects of carbohydrate biology and chemistry that are fundamental for the design of novel therapeutics. The four-part structure of this book introduces these essential components to life, starting from their structure and biological roles and covering analytical methods and synthesis which pave the way for the development of a wide range of therapeutic applications. Leading experts from around the world are brought together to offer their recent research with the ultimate aim of enlightening the reader on the complex yet exciting field of carbohydrate chemistry. Academic and industrial researchers in structural biology, drug discovery and carbohydrate chemistry will find this book an essential guide to the latest research and future potential of medicinal chemistry.

Carbohydrates as Drugs

Carbohydrates as Drugs Book
Author : Peter H. Seeberger,Christoph Rademacher
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-14
ISBN : 3319086758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medicinal chemistry is both science and art. The science of medicinal chemistry offers mankind one of its best hopes for improving the quality of life. The art of medicinal chemistry continues to challenge its practitioners with the need for both intuition and experience to discover new drugs. Hence sharing the experience of drug research is uniquely beneficial to the field of medicinal chemistry. Drug research requires interdisciplinary team-work at the interface between chemistry, biology and medicine. Therefore, the topic-related series Topics in Medicinal Chemistry covers all relevant aspects of drug research, e.g. pathobiochemistry of diseases, identification and validation of (emerging) drug targets, structural biology, drugability of targets, drug design approaches, chemogenomics, synthetic chemistry including combinatorial methods, bioorganic chemistry, natural compounds, high-throughput screening, pharmacological in vitro and in vivo investigations, drug-receptor interactions on the molecular level, structure-activity relationships, drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, toxicology and pharmacogenomics. In general, special volumes are edited by well known guest editors.

Carbohydrates in Drug Design and Discovery

Carbohydrates in Drug Design and Discovery Book
Author : Jesus Jimenez-Barbero,F. Javier Canada,Sonsoles Martin-Santamaria
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-03-30
ISBN : 1849739994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years there has been increasing evidence of the importance of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates in biomedical applications, and the use of synthetic ligands based on carbohydrates as drugs has received much attention. Focussing on drug discovery from key targets and placing an emphasis on the multi-disciplinary approaches necessary to challenge these issues, this book comprehensively covers the new and recent discoveries in the area of carbohydrate drug discovery. Carbohydrates in Drug Design and Discovery is split into five sections, beginning with a introduction and perspective on the current market. The book then goes on to discuss new synthetic methods in glycobiology, the use of glycobiology in chemical biology and glycobiology in drug discovery. Providing a worldwide perspective on this broad area, and providing examples of therapeutics already developed using these methods, this book provides a comprehensive introduction, discussion and update on this fast developing field for medicinal chemists and biochemists working in industry and academia.

Drug Design and Development

Drug Design and Development Book
Author : Chris Rostron
Publisher :
Release : 2020-05-15
ISBN : 0198749317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug Design and Development outlines the processes involved in the design and development of new drugs and emphasises the significance of these processes to the practice of pharmacy.

Carbohydrate based Drug Discovery 2 Volume Set

Carbohydrate based Drug Discovery  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Chi-Huey Wong
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003-10-17
ISBN : 9783527306329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To exploit the full potential of this diverse compound class for the development of novel active substances, this handbook presents the latest knowledge on carbohydrate chemistry and biochemistry. While it is unique in covering the entire field, particular emphasis is placed on carbohydrates with pharmaceutical potential. Topics include the following: > Chemical Synthesis of Carbohydrates > Carbohydrate Biosynthesis and Metabolism > Carbohydrate Analysis > Cellular Functions of Carbohydrates > Development of Carbohydrate-based Drugs A premier resource for carbohydrate chemists and drug developers, this comprehensive two-volume work contains contributions by more than 50 of the world's leading carbohydrate chemists.

Drug Discovery and Development Volume 2

Drug Discovery and Development  Volume 2 Book
Author : Mukund S. Chorghade
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-02-16
ISBN : 9780470085219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From first principles to real-world applications-here is the first comprehensive guide to drug discovery and development Modern drug discovery and development require the collaborative efforts of specialists in a broadarray of scientific, technical, and business disciplines-from biochemistry to molecular biology, organic chemistry to medicinal chemistry, pharmacology to marketing. Yet surprisingly, until now, there were no authoritative references offering a complete, fully integrated picture of the process. The only comprehensive guide of its kind, this groundbreaking two-volume resource provides an overview of the entire sequence of operations involved in drug discovery and develop-?ment-from initial conceptualization to commercialization to clinicians and medical practitioners. Volume 1: Drug Discovery describes all the steps in the discovery process, including conceptualizing a drug, creating a library of candidates for testing, screening candidates for in vitro and in vivo activity, conducting and analyzing the results of clinical trials, and modifying a drug as necessary. Volume 2: Drug Development delves into the nitty-gritty details of optimizing the synthetic route, drug manufacturing, outsourcing, and marketing-including drug coloring and delivery methods. Featuring contributions from a world-class team of experts, Drug Discovery and Development: Features fascinating case studies, including the discovery and development of erythromycin analogs, Tagamet, and Ultiva (remifentanil) Discusses the discovery of medications for bacterial infections, Parkinson's disease, psoriasis, peptic ulcers, atopic dermatitis, asthma, and cancer Includes chapters on combinatorial chemistry, molecular biology-based drug discovery, genomics, and chemogenomics Drug Discovery and Development is an indispensable working resource for industrial chemists, biologists, biochemists, and executives who work in the pharmaceutical industry.

Carbohydrate Recognition

Carbohydrate Recognition Book
Author : Binghe Wang,Geert-Jan Boons
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-09
ISBN : 9781118017579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains contributions from interdisciplinary scientists to collectively address the issue of targeting carbohydrate recognition for the development of novel therapeutic and diagnostic agents. The book covers (1) biological problems involving carbohydrate recognition, (2) structural factors mediating carbohydrate recognition, (3) design and synthesis of lectin mimics that recognize carbohydrate ligands with high specificity and affinity, and (4) modulation of biological and pathological processes through carbohydrate recognition.

Carbohydrates 2018

Carbohydrates 2018 Book
Author : Amélia Pilar Rauter,Nuno Manuel Xavier
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-03-25
ISBN : 3039283162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains original papers and reviews on carbohydrate research in medicine, authored by participants of the 29th International Carbohydrate Symposium, where this topic had a special emphasis. The focus on biological events involving carbohydrates and glycoconjugates has delivered reliable approaches for disease treatment and diagnosis. Research on carbohydrate-based compounds for therapeutic applications is illustrated in various contributions, namely those covering the development of novel agents against Alzheimer’s disease, e.g. the neuroprotective C-glucosylated flavones and the isonucleoside-based cholinesterase inhibitors. New imino sugar glucosidase inhibitors are also disclosed, a class of compounds with potential for diabetes, Gaucher disease or cancer treatment. Also the development of a useful synthetic method towards multivalent glycoclusters of biomedical interest is here highlighted. The relevance of glycomimetics in drug discovery and the progress on carbohydrates in early diagnosis and cancer treatment are reviewed. Noteworthy is the chitosan-based delivery system for drug oral administration, a new biomaterial-based approach to improve bioavailability. Another study on the conformation of Streptococcus capsular polysaccharide backbones by molecular modelling provides useful information for bacterial immunotherapeutic approaches. All original contributions and reviews clearly demonstrate the potential of glycosciences for innovation in medicinal (glyco)chemistry and pharmaceutical research.

Drug Discovery from Nature

Drug Discovery from Nature Book
Author : S. Grabley,R. Thiericke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1998-11-26
ISBN : 9783540648444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is unique in covering the present status and future potential of natural products in drug discovery. It provides readers with recent information regarding the impact on drug discovery, development and strategies, technical and automation aspects, and methods based on biochemistry as well as molecular biology, highlighting compounds from natural sources. Special emphasis is placed on the various strategies to gain access to natural compounds and combinatorial approaches by making use of both synthetic and biological methods.

Carbohydrate Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies

Carbohydrate Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies Book
Author : Zhongwu Guo,Geert-Jan Boons
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-06-17
ISBN : 0470473274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fundamental science and the latest developments in carbohydrate-based vaccines The relatively new field of glycoimmunology has emerged from the marriage of glycobiology and immunology, in recognition of the important role carbohydrates play as antigenic determinants. Carbohydrate-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies comprehensively reviews the state of this exciting field, offering a single source for both the fundamental science and the latest developments. With contributions by leading experts, this resource covers the design, synthesis, evaluation, and applications of various carbohydrate-based vaccines, including polysaccharides, neoglycoproteins, and neoglycolipids. The text approaches vaccine design from a chemical and molecular focus, staying in line with current advances. Key topics covered by Carbohydrate-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies include: Recent developments towards clinically useful vaccines against bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi Using adjuvants to improve immunogenicity and/or immunological properties of vaccines Choosing and designing proper adjuvants for specific targets Abnormal carbohydrates expressed by tumors Carbohydrate-based therapeutic cancer vaccines or cancer immunotherapy Clinical trials results for synthetic cancer vaccines Glycoengineering of cell surface carborhydrates and its anticancer applications Using cell surface carbohydrates for disease diagnosis A single, convenient source of state-of-the-art information from leading authorities in the field, Carbohydrate-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies is an essential reference for organic chemists and biochemists, academic researchers, and other students and professionals involved in vaccine design.

Aminoglycoside Antibiotics

Aminoglycoside Antibiotics Book
Author : Dev P. Arya
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-09-17
ISBN : 9780470149669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances that open new avenues in developing aminoglycoside antibiotics During the last twenty years, there have been numerous advances in the understanding of the chemistry, biochemistry, and recognition of aminoglycosides. This has led to the development of novel antibiotics and opened up new therapeutic targets for intervention. This is the first book to provide a complete overview of recent advances in the field and explore their tremendous potential for drug discovery and rational drug design. With chapters written by one or more leading experts in their specialty areas, the book addresses the chemistry, biology, and toxicology of aminoglycosides. Aminoglycoside Antibiotics: From Chemical Biology to Drug Discovery is a great resource for academic and industrial researchers in drug design and mechanism studies and for researchers studying antibiotic resistance, antibiotic design and synthesis, and the discovery of novel pharmaceuticals. It is also a valuable reference for graduate students in pharmacy, pharmaceutical science, biophysics, medicinal chemistry, and chemical biology.

Carbohydrate Drug Design

Carbohydrate Drug Design Book
Author : Anatoliĭ Alekseevich Klesov,Zbigniew J. Witczak,David Platt
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 2006
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is becoming more obvious in recent years that carbohydrates present a new dimension in drug design for targeting specific diseases. Carbohydrates birthed a whole new vocabulary into chemistry, biochemistry and related disciplines -- a new language in the form of distinct characters and images providing professional chemists not in the area of carbohydrates to become familiar and knowledgeable on the topic. Carbohydrate Drug Design provides the indispensable understanding of the mutual challenge between carbohydrate-based drugs and the deadly diseases which they target. Carbohydrate Drug Design discusses pre-clinical studies and clinical trials of carbohydrate-based drugs, drug delivery and pain managements, biocompatibility, clearance and metabolic pathways of carbohydrate drugs, and actual medical devices employing carbohydrates. The invasion of cancer cells, protein-glycan interactions and their inhibitors, new carbohydrate-based therapeutics, crystal structure of antibodies with unusually high affinity for carbohydrates, and a number of other features of carbohydrate drugs are also comprehensively covered. Galactomannans and hyaluronans, as well as thio-, imino- and carba-sugars are particularly considered in respect to their structural and functional impacts.

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Structure and Ligand Based Drug Design

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Structure  and Ligand Based Drug Design Book
Author : Adriano D. Andricopulo,Leonardo L. G. Ferreira
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-02-05
ISBN : 2889457443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemoinformatics is paramount to current drug discovery. Structure- and ligand-based drug design strategies have been used to uncover hidden patterns in large amounts of data, and to disclose the molecular aspects underlying ligand-receptor interactions. This Research Topic aims to share with a broad audience the most recent trends in the use of chemoinformatics in drug design. To that end, experts in all areas of drug discovery have made their knowledge available through a series of articles that report state-of-the-art approaches. Readers are provided with outstanding contributions focusing on a wide variety of topics which will be of great value to those interested in the many different and exciting facets of drug design.

Experimental Glycoscience

Experimental Glycoscience Book
Author : Naoyuki Taniguchi,Akemi Suzuki,Yukishige Ito,Hisashi Narimatsu,Toshisuke Kawasaki,Sumihiro Hase
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-03-05
ISBN : 9784431779223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to provide experimental protocols covering many aspects of glycobiology, glycotechnology, and chemistry: biochemistry, molecular and cellular biology, genetics, physiology, and medicine. The protocols are all self-contained descriptions of the equipment and reagents needed, followed by details of the experimental procedure. In the post-genomic era, glycobiology is coming of age because more than half of proteins are glycosylated and the importance of sugar chains in various fields of life science research cannot be disregarded. Many scientists had not entered this area because glycobiology and glycoscience used to be considered difficult fields. This book, therefore, is presented much like a cookbook which can help scientists in fields other than glycobiology and glycoscience carry out research more easily.

Influenza Virus Sialidase A Drug Discovery Target

Influenza Virus Sialidase   A Drug Discovery Target Book
Author : Mark Itzstein
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-01
ISBN : 9783764389277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Influenza continues to be an ongoing problem despite the existence of vaccines and drugs. Disease outbreaks can occur relatively quickly as witnessed with the recent emergence of the influenza virus A/H1N1 pandemic. The development of new anti-influenza drugs is thus a major challenge. This volume describes all aspects of the virus structure and function relevant to infection. The focus is on drug discovery of inhibitors to the enzyme sialidase, which plays a key role in the infectious lifecycle of the virus. Following an overview of the influenza virus, the haemagglutinin, the interactions with the cell receptors and the enzymology of virus sialidase, recent results in drug design are presented. These include a full coverage of the design, synthesis and evaluation of carbohydrate as well as non-carbohydrate influenza virus sialidase inhibitors. Further reviews of the clinical experience with influenza virus sialidase inhibitors and of the development of resistance to these inhibitor drugs complement the topic.

Anti Obesity Drug Discovery and Development

Anti Obesity Drug Discovery and Development Book
Author : Atta-ur- Rahman,M. Iqbal Choudhary
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2011-07-07
ISBN : 1608051633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Obesity is a complex health problem, caused by a number of factors such as excessive food intake, lack of physical activity, genetic predisposition, endocrine disorders, medications and psychiatric illnesses. Onset of obesity in both the developing and th"

Drug Discovery and Development E Book

Drug Discovery and Development   E Book Book
Author : Raymond G Hill
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-07-20
ISBN : 0702053163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The modern pharmacopeia has enormous power to alleviate disease, and owes its existence almost entirely to the work of the pharmaceutical industry. This book provides an introduction to the way the industry goes about the discovery and development of new drugs. The first part gives a brief historical account from its origins in the mediaeval apothecaries’ trade, and discusses the changing understanding of what we mean by disease, and what therapy aims to achieve, as well as summarising case histories of the discovery and development of some important drugs. The second part focuses on the science and technology involved in the discovery process: the stages by which a promising new chemical entity is identified, from the starting point of a medical need and an idea for addressing it. A chapter on biopharmaceuticals, whose discovery and development tend to follow routes somewhat different from synthetic compounds, is included here, as well as accounts of patent issues that arise in the discovery phase, and a chapter on research management in this environment. The third section of the book deals with drug development: the work that has to be undertaken to turn the drug candidate that emerges from the discovery process into a product on the market. The definitive introduction to how a pharmaceutical company goes about its business of discovering and developing drugs. The second edition has a new editor: Professor Raymond Hill ● non-executive director of Addex Pharmaceuticals, Covagen and of Orexo AB ● Visiting Industrial Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Bristol ● Visiting Professor in the School of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Surrey ● Visiting Professor in Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Strathclyde ● President and Chair of the Council of the British Pharmacological Society ● member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs. New to this edition: Completely rewritten chapter on The Role of Medicinal Chemistry in the Drug Discovery Process. New topic - DMPK Optimization Strategy in drug discovery. New chapter on Scaffolds: Small globular proteins as antibody substitutes. Totally updated chapters on Intellectual Property and Marketing 50 new illustrations in full colour Features Accessible, general guide to pharmaceutical research and development. Examines the interfaces between cost and social benefit, quality control and mass production, regulatory bodies, patent management, and all interdisciplinary intersections essential to effective drug development. Written by a strong team of scientists with long experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Solid overview of all the steps from lab bench to market in an easy-to-understand way which will be accessible to non-specialists. From customer reviews of the previous edition: ‘... it will have everything you need to know on this module. Deeply referenced and, thus, deeply reliable. Highly Commended in the medicine category of the BMA 2006 medical book competition Winner of the Royal Society of Medicine Library Prize for Medical Book of the Year

Combinatorial Synthesis of Natural Product Based Libraries

Combinatorial Synthesis of Natural Product Based Libraries Book
Author : Armen M. Boldi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-05-16
ISBN : 1420009273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traditionally, the search for new compounds from natural products has been a time- and resource-intensive process. The recent application of combinatorial methods and high-throughput synthesis has allowed scientists to generate a range of new molecular structures from natural products and observe how they interact with biological targets. Combinatorial Synthesis of Natural Product-Based Libraries summarizes the most important perspectives on the application of combinatorial chemistry and natural products to novel drug discovery. The book details the latest approaches for implementing combinatorial research and testing methodologies to the synthesis of natural product-based libraries. Interconnecting the important aspects of this emerging field through the work of several leading scientists, it covers the computational analysis of natural molecules and details strategies for designing compound libraries, using bioinformatics in particular. The authors describe numerous synthetic methods for producing natural products and their analogs, including engineered biosynthesis and polymer-supported reagents. They also discuss additional considerations for generating libraries, such as screening, scaffolding, and yield optimization. Other chapters examine specific classes of libraries derived from natural products including carbohydrates, polyketides, peptides, alkaloids, terpenoids, steroids, flavonoids, and fungal compounds. Drawing attention to the interplay of drug discovery, natural products, and organic synthesis, Combinatorial Synthesis of Natural Product-Based Libraries contains the most recent and significant methods used to search and assess new compounds for their ability to mitigate biological processes that may lead to improved treatments for various diseases.