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Cancer Stem Cells

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Cancer Stem Cell Features in Established Melanoma Cell Lines

Cancer Stem Cell Features in Established Melanoma Cell Lines Book
Author : Rüdiger Martin Zimmerer
Publisher : Sudwestdeutscher Verlag Fur Hochschulschriften AG
Release : 2010-03
ISBN : 9783838113678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer is increasingly being viewed as a stem cell disease. According to the cancer stem cell hypothesis, tumour initiation and growth are driven by a minor subset of stem-cell-like cancer cells. These cancer stem cells (CSC) self-renew to give rise to additional CSC and differentiate to generate phenotypically diverse progeny with limited proliferative potential. CSC are capable of reconstituting tumours upon transplantation relative to bulk tumour cells or non-tumourigenic cancer cells. This model, first developed in human myeloid leukaemia, has been extended to solid tumours, such as breast and brain cancer. Most cancer stem cells were first isolated based on the expression of surface markers to distinguish CSC from cancer cells with more limited proliferative potential. CSC are usually rare in clinical specimens and hardly amenable to functional studies or to analysis of gene expression profiles. In this study a panel of melanoma cell lines was screened to identify cellular reagents sharing typical CSC features including expression of specific surface markers and genes, capacity to grow in spheroids and high clonogenic capacity.

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells Volume 13

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells  Volume 13 Book
Author : M.A. Hayat
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-23
ISBN : 9789402404210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the thirteenth volume in a series which presents current understanding of stem cells and cancer stem cells. This book presents many relevant topics including the different sources of cancer stem cells: the features, roles and clinical potential of stem cells emerge from engaging with this comprehensive work. Chapters explore molecular mechanisms underlying human somatic cell reprogramming to generate induced pluripotent stem cells and provide expert discussion of the advantages and limitations of applications of some of the stem cell types (pluripotent stem cells, neural stem cells). Many advances are explored, including the importance of stem cell markers in diagnosis, the role of stem cells in angiogenesis and a method for isolating multi potent endothelial-like cells from human adipose tissue, to name a few. Readers will also find a consideration of mathematical models and other quantitative tools which could facilitate research and discovery in the field. The editor’s preface to the book and the series is particularly helpful in introducing the work presented in this volume. The detailed overviews, practical experience and insights of international expert authors presented in this handbook will be of value to both professional practitioners and scholars in basic research.

Advances in Cancer Stem Cell Biology

Advances in Cancer Stem Cell Biology Book
Author : Roberto Scatena,Alvaro Mordente,Bruno Giardina
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-06
ISBN : 9781461408093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, cancer stem cells have been recognized as important component in carcinogenesis and they seem to form the basis of many (if not all) tumor types. Cancer stem cells or "cancer cell like stem cells" have been isolated from various cancers of different origin (blood, breast, brain, skin, head and neck, thyroid, cervix, lung, retina, colon, pancreas and so on). Cancer stem cells - rare cells with indefinite proliferative potential that drive the formation and growth of tumours- seem to show intriguing relationships with physiological stem cells. Specifically, these cancer cells show significant similarities in the mechanisms that regulate self-renewal of normal stem cells. Moreover, tumour cells might directly arise from normal stem cells. Further, the cellular biology of cancer stem cells show a lot of similarities with normal stem cells.

Cancer Stem Cells

Cancer Stem Cells Book
Author : William L. Farrar
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0521896282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explores the emerging field of research in cancer stem cells; covers the basic biology, genetic pathways and therapeutic targeting.

Cancer Stem Cells in Solid Tumors

Cancer Stem Cells in Solid Tumors Book
Author : Alison L. Allan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-12
ISBN : 1617792462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The “cancer stem cell” hypothesis postulates that cancer arises from a subpopulation of tumor-initiating cells or cancer stem cells (CSCs). While the idea of cancer stem cells has been around for more than a hundred years, evidence from the fields of hematology and cancer biology has now demonstrated the critical role of stem cells in hematological malignancies and suggested that these same mechanisms are also central to the initiation, progression, and treatment of solid cancers. Clinical and experimental studies have shown that CSCs exhibit many classical properties of normal stem cells, including a high self-renewal capacity and the ability to generate heterogeneous lineages; the requirement for a specific “niche”/microenvironment to grow; and an increased capacity for self-protection against harsh environments, toxins, and drugs. Cancer Stem Cells in Solid Tumors represents a detailed overview of cancer stem cells and their role in solid cancers. Comprised of 24 chapters, this volume will provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of this important and evolving field. Topics covered include: Introduction of the CSC hypothesis Historical perspectives and the contributing lessons from leukemia Current knowledge regarding the identification and role of CSCs in various forms of solid cancer including breast, brain, colorectal, pancreatic, prostate, melanoma, lung, ovarian, hepatocellular, and head and neck cancer Molecular pathways involved in driving CSC function, with a particular focus on the novel convergence of embryonic and tumorigenic signaling pathways In vitro and in vivo assays, model systems, and imaging modalities for studying CSCs The clinical importance of CSCs for cancer management and treatment, including important implications for prognosis, prediction, and treatment resistance Consideration of the controversy surrounding the CSC hypothesis and important unanswered questions in this field This collective work was written by a group of prominent international experts in cancer biology, oncology, and/or stem cell biology. It will serve as a valuable resource for established researchers, professors, health care professionals, and students in the medical and scientific community who are investigating stem cells and/or oncology.

Cancer Stem Cells

Cancer Stem Cells Book
Author : Vinagolu K. Rajasekhar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-01-27
ISBN : 1118356179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer Stem Cells covers a wide range of topics incancer stem cell biology, including the functional characteristicsof cancer stem cells and how they're generated, where they arelocalized, the means by which cancer stem cells can be targeted,and how cancer stem cells can be reprogrammed back to normal tissuestem cells. Each chapter begins with a brief historical note andconcept summary, followed by a description of the latest basic orclinical advance associated with the topic. Cancer Stem Cells builds systematically fromcoverage of the basic research stage to an advanced research level,from clinical relevance to therapeutic potential, and will be avaluable resource for professionals in the fields of cancerresearch and stem cell biology.

Cancer Stem Cells

Cancer Stem Cells Book
Author : Lucie Laplane
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2016-06-06
ISBN : 0674969561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A new therapeutic strategy could break the stalemate in the war on cancer by targeting not all cancerous cells but the small fraction that lie at the root of cancers. Lucie Laplane offers a comprehensive analysis of cancer stem cell theory, based on an original interdisciplinary approach that combines biology, biomedical history, and philosophy.

Cancer Stem Cells

Cancer Stem Cells Book
Author : Huiping Liu,Justin Durla Lathia
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-08-16
ISBN : 0128039345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer Stem Cells: Targeting the Roots of Cancer, Seeds of Metastasis, and Sources of Therapy Resistance introduces the basic concepts and advanced understanding of cancer stem cells, covering general overviews, organ-specific identifications, and their characteristic mechanisms. The book also explores innovative therapeutic strategies in preclinical and clinical trials to target cancer stem cells, remove the roots of cancer, eliminate the seeds of metastasis, overcome the resistance of therapies, and contribute to the eradication of cancer. The book includes contributions from leading, worldwide experts in the field, helping readers embrace new hope in their quest to eradicate cancer with emerging clinical trials on treating cancer stem cells in combination with other therapies. Provides an authoritative and complete overview of cancer stem cells Includes comprehensive coverage of current therapeutic strategies targeting cancer stem cells Deepens a reader’s technical expertise in cancer stem cell biology

Cancer Stem Cells

Cancer Stem Cells Book
Author : Otmar D. Wiestler,Bernhard Haendler,D. Mumberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-03
ISBN : 3540708537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer stem cells have originally been identified in leukemia and later in several solid tumor types. They have very different properties from the bulk of the tumor as they divide much more slowly and have very efficient drug resistance mechanisms. Current treatments might largely spare cancer stem cells. This book looks at recent developments in the field of cancer stem cells and the possible impact for the identification of novel treatment paradigms for cancer.

Cancer Metastasis and Cancer Stem Cell Niche

Cancer Metastasis and Cancer Stem Cell Niche Book
Author : Takanori Kawaguchi
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2016-11-04
ISBN : 1681083477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A malignant tumor is an actively growing tissue, composed of cells derived from a single cell line that has undergone irreversible differentiation. These cells are invasive and also metastasize in the body, resulting in malignant cancer. Recent research suggests that a malignant tumor originates from cancer stem cells (CSC) accompanied with physiological niches. Cancer Metastasis and Stem Cell/Niche explains the invasiveness and metastasis of cancer cells I the light of information gained from the CSC / niche theory. Five chapters present a review on the fundamental relationships between CSCs, their niche and metastasis, the regulation of cell surface glycan expression in CSCs, tumor endothelial cells and metastasis, toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated premetastatic microenvironment, and in surgical cancer metastasis. This monograph is intended as a primary reference on CSC research for physiologists, clinical oncologists, stem cell researchers and molecular biologists.

The Cancer Stem Cell Niche

The Cancer Stem Cell Niche Book
Author : Susie Nilsson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-02-01
ISBN : 0323853269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Cancer Stem Cell Niche, Volume Five in the Advances in Stem Cells and their Niches series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on a variety of timely topics, including Acute lymphoblastic leukemia and the bone marrow microenvironment, Stem cell niches in bone and their roles in cancer metastasis, The role of vasculature in cancer stem cell niches, The lung cancer stem cell niche, The prostate cancer stem cell niche: Genetic drivers and therapeutic approaches, Impact of prostate cancer stem cell niches on prostate cancer tumorigenesis and progression, The testicular cancer stem cell niche. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Stem Cells and their Niches series Includes the latest information on the Cancer Stem Cell Niche

Role of Cancer Stem Cells in Cancer Biology and Therapy

Role of Cancer Stem Cells in Cancer Biology and Therapy Book
Author : Thomas Dittmar,Kurt S. Zänker
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1466577363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the latest findings about the role of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in cancer biology and how this knowledge could be used for novel anticancer therapies. It provides an overview of CSCs in selected malignancies with particular emphasis on hematopoietic neoplasias. It then reviews the role of CSCs in metastasis formation and initiation of cancer relapses. It also examines the dark side of cancer therapy such as conventional cancer therapies that may lead to the origin of recurrence CSCs. Finally, it supplies a brief overview of current concepts that may allow for a selective eradication of CSCs.

DNA Repair of Cancer Stem Cells

DNA Repair of Cancer Stem Cells Book
Author : Lesley A Mathews,Stephanie M Cabarcas,Elain Hurt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-07-26
ISBN : 9400745907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The existence of ‘cancer stem cells’ (CSCs) has been a topic of heated debate for the last few years within the field of cancer biology. Their continuous characterization in a variety of solid tumors has lead to an abundance of evidence supporting their existence. CSCs are believed to be responsible for resistance against conventional treatment regimes of chemotherapy and radiation, ultimately, leading to metastasis and patient demise. To help aid clinicians, pharmaceutical companies and academic labs investigating how to better kill these highly aggressive cells we have summarized the DNA repair mechanism(s) and their role in the maintenance and regulation of both normal and cancer stem cells. Our book represents a comprehensive investigation into the highly effective DNA repair mechanisms of CSCs and what we need to understand in order to develop more advanced therapies to eradicate them from patients. Currently, there are no other published works entirely on DNA repair and Cancer Stem Cells. In addition, our book provides a comprehensive overview of CSC isolation and characterization from a variety of solid tumor types.

CANCER STEM CELLS

CANCER STEM CELLS Book
Author : Surajit Pathak
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9811551200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download CANCER STEM CELLS book written by Surajit Pathak, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cancer Stem Cells Emerging Concepts and Future Perspectives in Translational Oncology

Cancer Stem Cells  Emerging Concepts and Future Perspectives in Translational Oncology Book
Author : Sadegh Babashah
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-12
ISBN : 3319210300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of cancer stem cells has great clinical implications. This is due to the fact that small subpopulations of these cells have been identified in a variety of neoplastic conditions ranging from solid tumors to liquid malignancies. Although there are some huge gaps in our current understanding of the role played by cancer stem cells in cancer biology, a growing body of evidence provides strong support for the principal functions of these cells in tumorigenesis. This has represented the potential of cancer stem cells in the development of novel and innovative tools for the treatment of metastatic tumors. This book aims to offer a broad framework for obtaining insight into the state-of-the-art knowledge on cancer stem cell biology and highlight the therapeutic implications of these cells in the future of clinical oncology.

Cancer Stem Cells

Cancer Stem Cells Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-02-15
ISBN : 9780128149942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer Stem Cells, Volume 141 in the Advances in Cancer Research series, presents the latest release in this ongoing, well-regarded serial that provides invaluable information on the exciting and fast-moving field of cancer research. Topics covered in this new release include SIX-EYA-DACH network control of cancer stem cell properties, Dormancy and the cancer cell niche, Clonal hematopoiesis: A hematopoietic stem cell disorder of aging, Stringent assays to study human breast cancer stem cells, Regulation of breast cancer stem cell specification and maintenance by hypoxia-inducible factors, Cancer stem cells in breast and prostate: fact or fiction, and much more. Provides information on cancer research Offers outstanding and original reviews on a range of cancer research topics, with this release focusing on cancer stem cells Serves as an indispensable reference for researchers and students alike

Autologous and Cancer Stem Cell Gene Therapy

Autologous and Cancer Stem Cell Gene Therapy Book
Author : Roger Bertolotti,Keiya Ozawa
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9812775862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stem cells provide for life-long cell replacement in tissues and organs, and have inherent homing abilities that are critical in therapeutic applications. Stem cells are also the driving force of cancer where genetic/epigenetic alterations culminate in tumorigenesis either in tissue stem cells or in some of their derivatives. As a rare subset of the tumor, cancer stem cells are the only drive of tumor initiation/propagation. Autologous and cancer stem cells are thus the key targets of 1) long-term and transient-regenerative/epigenetic gene therapy and 2) of recurrence-free anticancer therapy, respectively. While cancer stem cell gene therapy still needs time to accomplish, autologous stem cells have been instrumental in the first unequivocal successes for gene therapy whereby ex vivo retrovirally corrected hematopoietic stem cells have been returned to the patients.This timely book presents 1) the aforementioned stem cell gene therapy achievements that rely on random-integration of therapeutic transgenes into host chromosomes and 2) emerging experimental approaches aimed at eliminating random-integration oncogenic hazards through site-specific integration or gene targeting. Breakthrough endonuclease-boosted gene targeting for gene correction (inherited diseases) or targeted integration of therapeutic transgenes (other disorders) culminating in an efficiency compatible with clinical trials is one of the highlights of the book. Highlights also include the pioneering transplantation of adult pluripotent stem cells as a substitute for tissue-specific stem cells, thereby pinpointing the invaluable potential for stem cell gene therapy applications of autologous cells able to contribute to all three germ layers. Stem cell gene therapy is thus discussed in terms of 1) magnifying stem cell therapeutic homing through transient regenerative gene therapy and 2) of tackling most pathologies (including mitochondrial DNA diseases and ageing disorders) through stem cell repopulation dynamics into appropriate niches (long-term engraftment) and tissues (cell turn-over). Regarding cancer stem cell gene therapy, focus is on both the increasing number of identified tissue-specific cancer stem cells as the ultimate therapeutic targets and on the development of armed stem cells as tumor-homing vectors for targeted anticancer therapy.

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells Volume 3

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells Volume 3 Book
Author : M.A. Hayat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-22
ISBN : 9789400724150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is pointed out that cancer stem cell is a cell type within a tumor that possesses the capacity of cell-renewal and can give rise to the heterogeneous lineages of cancer cells that comprise the tumor. It is emphasized that a cancer stem cell is a tumor initiating cell. That conventional chemotherapy kills most cells in a tumor, but cancer stem cells remain intact is discussed. Vast applications of stem cells, cancer stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, and human pluripotent stem cells are discussed. Because human embryonic stem cells possess the potential of producing unlimited quantities of any human cell type, considerable focus is placed on their therapeutic potential in this volume. Because of the pluripotency of embryonic stem cells, this volume discusses various applications such as tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, pharmacological and toxicological uses. The role of these cells in cell differentiation is also included. The role of cancer stem cells of breast, colon, and melanoma tumors in response to antitumor therapy is detailed. The role of cancer stem cells, specifically in the deadliest brain cancer, glioblastoma multiforme, is explained. Transplantation of bone marrow-derived stem cells for myocardial infarcation and use of mesenchymal stem cells in orthopedics are described.

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells Volume 2

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells  Volume 2 Book
Author : M.A. Hayat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-17
ISBN : 9789400720169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As in volume 1 of this series, this volume presents information on stem cells and cancer stem cells; Therapeutic Applications in disease and tissue/organ injury. Methodologies of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering are major components of this volume. Specific stem cells discussed are: human embryonic stem cells, hematopoietic stem cells, cord blood stem cells, human pluripotent stem cells, gliosarcoma stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, intestinal stem cells, human thyroid cancer stem cells, tumor stem cells, menstrual stem-like cells, neural stem cells, breast cancer stem cells, allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells, fetal membrane-derived mesemchynmal stem cells, and omental stem cells. The method for isolating bone marrow stromal cells is explained. Method for generating marmoset-induced pluripotent stem cells, using transcription factors, is also explained. Use of stem cell lines in therapeutic applications is discussed. Programming of stem cells is described. Methods for transplantation of stem cells are presented. Use of various types of stem cells for conditions such as stroke, ischemia, heart diseases, Alzhemier’s disease, and neurogenerative diseases in general, is explained. For example, generation of human cardiac muscle cells from adipose-derived stem cells is included. Another example is repairing bone defects using mesenchymal stem cells and mesenchymal-derived endothelial cells. Differentiation of new neurons from neural stem cells is described. Method for repairing retina condition using human embryonic stem cells is explained; these cells can induce neural differentiation. Treatment of graft-versus-host disease resulting from hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is elaborated.

Bioengineering and Cancer Stem Cell Concept

Bioengineering and Cancer Stem Cell Concept Book
Author : Mirjana Pavlovic,Bela Balint
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-22
ISBN : 331925670X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the role of cancer stem cells in the diagnosis, treatment, and cure of cancers. This book also tackles novel methodology for cancer stem cell marker identification, cancer stem cell respiration and metabolism, genetic and epigenetic mechanisms including DNA methylation, and mi-RNA assemble. It also emphasizes the role of Bioinformatics techniques, which provide a novel methodology for modeling cancer outcomes. The authors investigate the difference between cancer stem cells and normal stem cells, along with the concept of targeted cancer stem cell therapy. Although the theoretical explanations of cancer stem cell involvement in leukemia and solid cancers are controversial, there is now little doubt that cancer stem cells exist within otherwise heterogeneous cancer cell population. The brief examines the two leading theories, hierarchical and the stochastic/cancer stem cell model. Researchers, professors and advanced-level students focused on bioengineering and computer science will find this book to be a valuable resource. It is a very good source of critical references for understanding of this problem, and a useful tool for professionals in related fields.