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Cancer And Noncoding Rnas

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Cancer and Noncoding RNAs

Cancer and Noncoding RNAs Book
Author : Jayprokas Chakrabarti,Sanga Mitra
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-13
ISBN : 0128134372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer and Noncoding RNAs offers an in-depth exploration of noncoding RNAs and their role in epigenetic regulation of complex human disease, most notably cancer. In addition to examining microRNAs, this volume provides a unique evaluation of more recently profiled noncoding RNAs now implicated in carcinogenesis, including lncRNAs, piRNAs, circRNAs, and tRNAs, identifying differences in function between these noncoding RNAs and how they interact with the rest of the epigenome. A broad range of chapters from experts in the field detail epigenetic regulation of various cancer types, along with recent next generation sequencing technologies, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and bioinformatics approaches. This book will help researchers in genomic medicine and cancer biology better understand the role of noncoding RNAs in epigenetics, aiding in the development of useful biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis and new RNA-based disease therapies. Provides a comprehensive analysis of noncoding RNAs implicated in epigenetic regulation of gene expression and chromatin dynamics Educates researchers and graduate students by highlighting, in addition to miRNAs, a range of noncoding RNAs newly associated with carcinogenesis Applies current knowledge of noncoding RNAs and epigenomics towards developing cancer and RNA-based disease therapies Features contributions by leading experts in the field

Non coding RNAs and Cancer

Non coding RNAs and Cancer Book
Author : Muller Fabbri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-28
ISBN : 1461484448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discovery of microRNAs and its role as gene expression regulators in human carcinogenesis represents one of the most important scientific achievements of the last decade. More recently, other non-coding RNAs have been discovered and its implications in cancer are emerging as well, suggesting a broader than anticipated involvement of the non-coding genome in cancer. Moreover, completely new and unexpected functions for microRNAs are being revealed, leading to the identification of new anticancer molecular targets. This book represents a comprehensive guide on non-coding RNAs and cancer, spanning from its role as cancer biomarkers, to providing the most useful bioinformatic tools, to presenting some of the most relevant discoveries, which indicates how these fascinating molecules act as fine orchestrators of cancer biology.

Long Non Coding RNAs in Cancer

Long Non Coding RNAs in Cancer Book
Author : Alfons Navarro
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9781071615812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents techniques needed for the study of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancer from their identification to functional characterization. Chapters guide readers through identification of lncRNA expression signatures in cancer tissue or liquid biopsies by RNAseq, single Cell RNAseq, Phospho RNAseq or Nanopore Sequencing techniques; validation of lncRNA signatures by Real time PCR, digital PCR or in situ hybridization; and functional analysis by siRNA or CRISPR based methods for lncRNA silencing or overexpression. Lipid based nanoparticles for delivery of siRNAs in vivo, lncRNA-protein interactions, viral lncRNAs and circRNAs are also treated in this volume. Written in the format of the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, each chapter includes an introduction to the topic, lists necessary materials and reagents, includes tips on troubleshooting and known pitfalls, and step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols. Authoritative and practical, Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cancer aims to provide a collection of laboratory protocols, bioinformatic pipelines, and review chapters to further research in this vital field. .

Long Non Coding RNA Biology

Long Non Coding RNA Biology Book
Author : M.R.S. Rao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-16
ISBN : 9811052034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This contributed volume offers a comprehensive and detailed overview of the various aspects of long non-coding RNAs and discusses their emerging significance. Written by leading experts in the field, it motivates young researchers around the globe, and offers graduate and postgraduate students fascinating insights into genes and their regulation in eukaryotes and higher organisms.

Gene Expression Profiling in Cancer

Gene Expression Profiling in Cancer Book
Author : Dimitrios Vlachakis
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-06-19
ISBN : 1838801758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contribution of modern-day genetics in designing efficient gene expression profiles for cancer is immense. The progress of technology and science in recent years provides the opportunity for discovery and application of new techniques for treating various diseases that affect humanity. Methods for finding and analyzing the profile of gene expression of infected cells give scientists the ability to develop more targeted and effective treatments, especially for diseases such as cancer. The development of gene expression profiling is one of the most important achievements in cancer genetics in our time. It is essentially the driving force behind personalized and precision medicine. This book highlights recent developments, applications, and breakthroughs in the field of gene expression profiling in cancer.

The Long and Short Non coding RNAs in Cancer Biology

The Long and Short Non coding RNAs in Cancer Biology Book
Author : Erwei Song
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-04
ISBN : 9811014981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book conveys a comprehensive knowledge of long and short ncRNAs in cancer regulation and their potentials as diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Topics covered include the molecular mechanisms of various classes of ncRNAs (with emphasis on long non-coding RNAs and microRNAs) in cancer, the functional roles of ncRNAs in regulating different cancer hallmarks (including proliferation, apoptosis, stem-cell properties, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, metabolism, angiogenesis, tumor-host interactions and therapeutic resistance), the role of ncRNAs in regulating cancer signaling circuitry programs (highlighting their involvement in c-myc, p53 and NFkB signaling), a systemic summary of clinical and preclinical studies that evaluate the potential of ncRNA signatures for cancer diagnosis and prognosis and strategies to delivery short ncRNAs as therapeutic molecules for cancer treatment. This book may serve as a comprehensive resource for researchers, graduate students and oncologists in ncRNA and cancer research and help drug development by identifying ncRNA targets.

Non coding RNAs in Breast Cancer

Non coding RNAs in Breast Cancer Book
Author : Wenwen Zhang,Naoyuki Kataoka,Xiaoxiang Guan
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-01-06
ISBN : 288971974X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Non coding RNAs in Breast Cancer book written by Wenwen Zhang,Naoyuki Kataoka,Xiaoxiang Guan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Long Non Coding RNA

Long Non Coding RNA Book
Author : Syed Mudasir Andrabi,Nazir Ahmad Ganai
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2020-09-03
ISBN : 1527559106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) were originally regarded as “noise” in the genome due to their lack of protein-encoding capacity. However, their roles are now understood to cover various biological functions like gene regulation, cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, and chromatin remodeling. As an emerging group of non-coding RNA molecules, LncRNAs are involved in diverse diseases like cancer, cardiovascular, autoimmune, hormonal disorders, neurodegeneration, and infection, among others. However, knowledge of the mechanisms by which they act is still ambiguous. As such, this book meets the essential need for a textbook dedicated to this topic and provides a comprehensive and captivating account of lncRNA research.

Physiologic and Pathologic Angiogenesis

Physiologic and Pathologic Angiogenesis Book
Author : Dan Simionescu,Agneta Simionescu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-04-05
ISBN : 9535130234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book is to highlight novel advances in the field and to incentivize scientists from a variety of fields to pursue angiogenesis as a research avenue. Blood vessel formation and maturation to capillaries, arteries, or veins is a fascinating area which can appeal to multiple scientists, students, and professors alike. Angiogenesis is relevant to medicine, engineering, pharmacology, and pathology and to the many patients suffering from blood vessel diseases and cancer, among others. We are hoping that this book will become a source of inspiration and novel ideas for all.

Non Coding RNAs

Non Coding RNAs Book
Author : Lütfi Tutar,Sumer Aras,Esen Tutar
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1789856558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are an attractive research field in the RNA world. ncRNAs play important roles in regulating gene expression in animals, plants, and various human diseases. It is clear that current and further research on ncRNAs will change our knowledge of the nature of genome composition by editing previous dogmas. This book provides an overview of current knowledge on ncRNA research by dealing with miRNA and ncRNA-related human diseases, plant miRNA markers, and the roles of lncRNAs in cancer and epigenetics.

Non coding RNAs in Cardiovascular Diseases

Non coding RNAs in Cardiovascular Diseases Book
Author : Junjie Xiao
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-13
ISBN : 9811516715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest research on non-coding RNAs in cardiovascular disease, a major cause of death worldwide. Non-coding RNAs play a significant role in development, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Since altered non-coding RNA expression is often associated with various diseases, their potential use in diagnostics, prognostics and therapeutics is an important current area of study. The book consists of six parts: 1) An overview of non-coding RNAs and cardiovascular system, 2) Bioinformatics and interactions, 3) Non-coding RNA regulation in cardiovascular system, 4) Non-coding RNAs and cardiovascular diseases, 5) Potential biomarkers and therapeutic implications, 6) Future prospects. It is particularly useful for researchers and students in the field of non-coding RNA and cardiovascular biology, as well as for cardiologists, pharmacologists and physiologists.

Clinical Applications of Noncoding RNAs in Cancer

Clinical Applications of Noncoding RNAs in Cancer Book
Author : Subash Gupta,Kishore Challagundla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-24
ISBN : 0128245506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical Applications of Noncoding RNAs in Cancer summarizes the existing strategies, advances, and future opportunities on the role of noncoding RNAs in cancer patients. Established clinicians and researchers from all around the world share their views and expertise and provide readers with invaluable knowledge on the subject. This book provides a comprehensive collection of information on the utility of noncoding RNAs in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of cancer. It also discusses the evolutionary significance of noncoding RNAs and how the molecular tools such as RNA-seq, RNA-FISH, ic-SHAPE, and quantitative real-time PCR help in the detection and elucidation of the functions of noncoding RNAs. Additionally, the challenges associated with noncoding RNA approaches and future developments are discussed. It is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, clinicians, and other biomedical field members who want to learn more about noninvasive ways to diagnose and efficiently treat diverse cancer types. Presents a beginning chapter summary to help readers understand the content thoroughly Encompasses detailed description of information from clinical studies on noncoding RNAs in cancer therapy Discusses one cancer type per chapter making the content easy to reference

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma Book
Author : Matthew Gregory Cable,Robert Lawrence Randall
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-12-04
ISBN : 1839680148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is titled Osteosarcoma - Diagnosis, Mechanisms, and Translational Developments, and focuses on recent advancements and novel ideas in osteosarcoma research. In a manner of speaking, we have taken the multidisciplinary mindset essential for treating osteosarcoma and broadened it to include other areas of cancer research. By learning from gains in other areas of oncology, such as new lncRNAs, the understanding of cancer metabolism and oxidative phosphorylation, and new chemotherapy agents, we can apply them to the niche of osteosarcoma for treatment development. By drawing more attention to these novel and clever discoveries, we hope to continue this enthusiasm for advancements in basic and translational research in the field of osteosarcoma.

Tyrosine Kinases as Druggable Targets in Cancer

Tyrosine Kinases as Druggable Targets in Cancer Book
Author : Huan Ren
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-09-25
ISBN : 1789848083
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) deregulation contributes to growth of cancer and many other diseases. The development of small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) that target the deregulated PTKs, such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and Bcr-ABL in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), has revolutionized disease management. In this book, we examine a few aspects of PTKs and cancer, considering efficacy, predictive markers to therapeutic response, limitations, and future directions in TKI treatment. In this rapidly evolving field, overcoming therapeutic resistance is most challenging, and multi-targeting directs the next-generation TKIs and combination therapy as ongoing strategies in cancer treatment.

Nutritional Epigenomics

Nutritional Epigenomics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-20
ISBN : 0128173106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutritional Epigenomics offers a comprehensive overview of nutritional epigenomics as a mode of study, along with nutrition’s role in the epigenomic regulation of disease, health and developmental processes. Here, an expert team of international contributors introduces readers to nutritional epigenomic regulators of gene expression, our diet’s role in epigenomic regulation of disease and disease inheritance, caloric restriction and exercise as they relate to recent epigenomic findings, and the influence of nutritional epigenomics over circadian rhythms, aging and longevity, and fetal health and development, among other processes. Disease specific chapters address metabolic disease (obesity and diabetes), cancer, and neurodegeneration, among other disorders. Diet-gut microbiome interactions in the epigenomic regulation of disease are also discussed, as is the role of micronutrients and milk miRNAs in epigenetic regulation. Finally, chapter authors examine ongoing discussions of race and ethnicity in the social-epigenomic regulation of health and disease. Empowers the reader to employ nutritional epigenomics approaches in their own research Discusses the latest topics in nutritional epigenomics in the regulation of aging, circadian rhythm, inheritance and fetal development, as well as metabolism and disease Offers a full grounding in epigenetic reprogramming and nutritional intervention in the treatment and prevention of disease, as informed by population-based studies

Cancer Epigenetics

Cancer Epigenetics Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-09-19
ISBN : 9781420045802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past few decades, it has become increasingly apparent that heredity is not the sole determining factor in disease development, such as cancer. This landmark work covers a wide array of aspects in the relatively new area of epigenetics, ranging from its role in the basic mechanisms of tumorigenesis, to the newest epigenetic drugs being developed and used for cancer therapy. Cancer Epigenetics presents in-depth discussions of DNA methylation alterations, histone and RNA modifications, and nucleosome remodeling, which are all intimately involved in the formation of tumors. It also analyzes metabolic influences on cancer epigenetics and advances in epigenetic cancer gene therapy. Discusses the Latest Advances in the Role of Epigenetics in Tumor Initiation, Progression, and Metastasis With stand-alone chapters written by research pioneers in the field, this definitive resource covers— DNA methylation and cancer Histone modifications in cancer Emerging areas of cancer epigenetics Epigenetics in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of cancer Future directions in epigenetic cancer research Bringing together different topics into a single compilation, this text is a prime resource for those with interests ranging from the basic mechanisms of tumor biology to cancer therapy. It also serves as a core textbook for advanced courses with a focus on genetic diseases, molecular biology, and/or cancer. This seminal work answers the call for a thorough and authoritative reference that covers the critical and contemporary aspects of this revolutionary field.

Pharmacological Properties of Plant Derived Natural Products and Implications for Human Health

Pharmacological Properties of Plant Derived Natural Products and Implications for Human Health Book
Author : George E. Barreto,Amirhossein Sahebkar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-16
ISBN : 3030648729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medicinal plants and their derived products remain as an indispensable source of bioactive molecules that serve as either drug candidates or lead compounds for drug design and discovery. There are several advantages for plant-derived therapeutics including wide availability, diverse pharmacological actions and a generally good profile of safety and tolerability. Over the recent years, there have been numerous reports from clinical studies testifying to the efficacy and safety of medicinal plants and phytochemicals in ameliorating several human diseases. A plethora of basic studies has also unravelled molecular mechanisms underlying the health benefits of herbal medicines. Nevertheless, issues such as identification of bioactive ingredients, standardization of the products and drug interactions remain to be further studied. In this book, we aim to put together several chapters on the medicinal properties and pharmacological action of medicinal plants, plant species and phytochemicals. The goal is to present a comprehensive collection on most of the therapeutic aspects of plant-derived natural products and molecular mechanisms thereof.

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells Book
Author : Fumiaki Uchiumi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-02-28
ISBN : 9535138677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sixty years after the "central dogma," great achievements have been developed in molecular biology. We have also learned the important functions of noncoding RNAs and epigenetic regulations. More importantly, whole genome sequencing and transcriptome analyses enabled us to diagnose specific diseases. This book is not only intended for students and researchers working in laboratory but also physicians and pharmacists. This volume consists of 14 chapters, divided into 4 parts. Each chapter is written by experts investigating biological stresses, epigenetic regulation, and functions of transcription factors in human diseases. All articles presented in this volume by excellent investigators provide new insights into the studies in transcriptional control in mammalian cells and will inspire us to develop or establish novel therapeutics against human diseases.

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Steven Gray
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 0128002247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy unites issues central to a translational audience actively seeking to understand the topic. It is ideal for cancer specialists, including oncologists and clinicians, but also provides valuable information for researchers, academics, students, governments, and decision-makers in the healthcare sector. The text covers the basic background of the epigenome, aberrant epigenetics, and its potential as a target for cancer therapy, and includes individual chapters on the state of epigenome knowledge in specific cancers (including lung, breast, prostate, liver). The book encompasses both large-scale intergovernmental initiatives as well as recent findings across cancer stem cells, rational drug design, clinical trials, and chemopreventative strategies. As a whole, the work articulates and raises the profile of epigenetics as a therapeutic option in the future management of cancer. Concisely summarizes the therapeutic implications of recent, large-scale epigenome studies, including the cancer epigenome atlas Discusses targeted isoform specific versus pan-specific inhibitors, a rational drug design approach to epigenetics relevant to pharmacoepigenetic clinical applications Covers new findings in the interplay between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and drug resistance, demonstrating that epigenetic machinery is a candidate target for the eradication of these CSCs

Cancer Genomics

Cancer Genomics Book
Author : Hui Ling,George A. Calin
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-21
ISBN : 0128061227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discovery of microRNA (miRNA) involvement in cancer a decade ago, and the more recent findings of long non-coding RNAs in human diseases, challenged the long-standing view that RNAs without protein-coding potential are simply “junk” transcription within the human genome. These findings evidently changed the dogma that “DNA makes RNA makes protein” by showing that RNAs themselves can be essential regulators of cellular function and play key roles in cancer development. MiRNAs are evolutionarily conserved short single-stranded transcripts of 19–24 nucleotides in length. They do not code for proteins, but change the final output of protein-coding genes by regulating their transcriptional and/or translation process. Ultraconserved genes (UCGs) are non-coding RNAs with longer length (>200bp) that are transcribed from the ultraconserved genomic region. Both miRNAs and UCGs are located within cancer-associated genomic regions (CAGRs) and can act as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. In this chapter, we present principles and concepts that have been identified over the last decade with respect to our understanding of the function of non-coding RNAs, and summarize recent findings on the role of miRNAs and UCGs in cancer development. Finally, we will conclude by discussing the translational potential of this knowledge into clinical settings such as cancer diagnosis, prognosis and treatment.