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Calcium Transport Elements In Plants

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Calcium Transport Elements in Plants

Calcium Transport Elements in Plants Book
Author : Santosh Kumar Upadhyay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-01
ISBN : 0128217936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Calcium transport elements are involved in various structural, physiological and biochemical processes or signal transduction pathways in response to various abiotic and biotic stimuli. They function by mediating the transport of calcium ions (Ca2+) across cell membranes. Since the Ca2+ concentration varies in various cell parts and in response to numerous stimuli, plants have evolved several Ca2+ transports elements to regulate the concentration of Ca2+ within the cell. Development of high throughput sequencing technology has favored the identification and characterization of numerous gene families in plants in the recent years, including the calcium transport elements. Introductory chapters include the role of calcium in plant development and stress signaling, the mechanism of Ca2+ homeostasis across plant membranes and the evolution of Ca2+/cation antiporter (CaCA) superfamily proteins. Subsequent chapters discuss genome-wide analysis of Annexins and their roles in plants, the roles of calmodulin in abiotic stress responses, calcium transport in relation to plant nutrition/biofortification and much more. Written by leading experts in the field, this title is an essential resource for students and researchers that need all of the information on calcium transport elements in one place. A complete compilation of detailed information on Ca2+ efflux and influx transporters in plants Discusses the mode of action of calcium transport elements and their classification Explores the indispensable role of Ca2+ in the numerous developmental and stress related pathways

Inorganic Plant Nutrition

Inorganic Plant Nutrition Book
Author : A. Läuchli,R.L. Bieleski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642688853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first book bearing the title of this volume, Inorganic Plant Nutrition, was written by D. R. HOAGLAND of the University of California at Berkeley. As indicated by its extended title, Lectures on the Inorganic Nutrition of Plants, it is a collection of lectures - the JOHN M. PRATHER lectures, which he was invited in 1942 to give. at Harvard University and presented there between April 10 and 23 of that year - 41 years before the publication of the present volume. They were not "originally intended for publication" but fortunately HOAGLAND was persuaded to publish them; the book appeared in 1944. It might at first blush seem inappropriate to draw comparisons between a book embodying a set of lectures by a single author and an encyclopedic volume with no less than 37 contributors. But HOAGLAND'S book was a compre hensive account of the state of this science in his time, as the present volume is for ours. It was then still possible for one person, at least for a person of HOAGLAND'S intellectual breadth and catholicity of interests, to encompass many major areas of the entire field, from the soil substrate to the metabolic roles of nitrogen, potassium, and other nutrients, and from basic scientific topics to the application of plant nutritional research in solving problems encountered in the field.

Principles of Plant Nutrition

Principles of Plant Nutrition Book
Author : Konrad Mengel,Ernest A. Kirkby
Publisher :
Release : 1982
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant nutrient; The soil as a plant nutrient medium; Nutrient uptake and assimilation; Plant water relationships; Nutrition and plant growth; Fertilizer application; Nitrogen; Suphur; Phosphorus; Potassium; Calcium; Magnesium; Iron; Manganese; Zinc; Copper; Molybdenum; Boron; Further elements of importance; Elements with more toxic effects.

Handbook of Plant Nutrition

Handbook of Plant Nutrition Book
Author : Allen V. Barker,David J. Pilbeam
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-05-14
ISBN : 1439881987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 2007, the first edition of Handbook of Plant Nutrition presented a compendium of information on the mineral nutrition of plants available at that time-and became a bestseller and trusted resource. Updated to reflect recent advances in knowledge of plant nutrition, the second edition continues this tradition. With chapters written by a new team o

Transport in Plants I

Transport in Plants I Book
Author : M.H. Zimmermann,J.A. Milburn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642661610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When WILHELM RUHLAND developed his plan for an Encyclopedia of Plant Physiol ogy more than three decades ago, biology could still be conveniently subdivided into classical areas. Even within plant physiology, subdivisions were not too difficult to make, and general principles could be covered sufficiently in the two introductory volumes of the Encyclopedia on the physical and chemical basis of cell biology. But the situation changed rapidly even during the 12-year publication period of the Encyclopedia (1955-1967). The new molecular direction of genetics and structural research on biopolymers had an integrating effect on all other biological fields, including plant physiology, and it became increasingly difficult to keep previously distinct areas separated. RUHLAND'S overall plan included 18 volumes and about 22,000 pages. It covered the entire field of plant physiology, in most cases from the very beginning. But, as each volume appeared, it was clear that its content would soon be outdated.

Calcium as a Cellular Regulator

Calcium as a Cellular Regulator Book
Author : Professor Institute of Biochemistry Ernesto Carafoli,Ernesto Carafoli,Claude B. Klee,Chief Laboratory of Biochemistry Claude B Klee
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780195094213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encompassing all aspects of calcium signalling, from methods of measuring calcium in cells to the molecular mechanisms for decoding its information, this comprehensive book balances historical aspects and state of the art developments.

Regulation of Nutrient Uptake by Plants

Regulation of Nutrient Uptake by Plants Book
Author : Gyanendra Nath Mitra
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-30
ISBN : 8132223349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the mechanisms of nutrient taken up by plants at the biochemical and molecular level. This is a new concept developed over the past 30 years, primarily due to use of modern technology developed in biotechnological research, instrumentation, modern computation facilities, bioinformatics, the large volumes of information generated by use of various ‘omics’ and of course the dedicated hard work of a large number of researchers. Recent research indicates that nutrient uptake, its transport and redistribution in plants are under genetic control. There are groups of genes for each nutrient that encode transporter proteins whose functions are to acquire the specific nutrient from the soil and transport it across the plasma membrane of the root hair cells for use in plant metabolism. Deficiency or sufficiency of a plant nutrient induces different groups of genes to produce m-RNA transcripts for translation of transporter proteins. A large number of metabolic enzymes are up or down regulated in response to deficiency of plant nutrients. Morphological and metabolic adaptations in order to better acquire nutrients and use them frugally when nutrients are scarce in the growth medium can be observed in plants. Heavy metals, which are toxic to plants, induce different sets of defence mechanisms. In 20 chapters, the book describes plants’ uptake mechanisms for all the major, secondary and micronutrients, beneficial elements and heavy metals. References to research work quoted in the text are updated up to 2014 and included at the end of each chapter. Biotechnological approaches to improving nutrient use efficiency are discussed wherever such information is available. The structure and functions of transporter proteins involved in the uptake of nutrients are discussed. Additional information on some of the specific topics is provided in text boxes or as separate sections within the chapters. Lastly, the terminology used has been explained as far as possible in the text, mostly within parentheses.

Production Practices and Quality Assessment of Food Crops

Production Practices and Quality Assessment of Food Crops Book
Author : Ramdane Dris,S. Mohan Jain
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-08
ISBN : 140202536X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants require nutrients in order to grow, develop and complete their life cycle. Mineral fertilizers, and hence the fertilizer industry, constitute one of the most imp- tant keys to the world food supplies. There is growing concern about the safety and quality of food. Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, which, together with nitrogen, form the structural matter in plants, are freely available from air and water. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, on the other hand, may not be present in quantities or forms sufficient to support plant growth. In this case, the absence of these nut- ents constitutes a limiting factor. The supply of nutrients to the plants should be balanced in order to maximise the efficiency of the individual nutrients so that these meet the needs of the particular crop and soil type. For example, it should be noted that EU-wide regulations are not designed to govern the specific details of mineral fertilizer use. Although plants receive a natural supply of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium from organic matter and soil minerals, this is not usually sufficient to satisfy the demands of crop plants. The supply of nutrients must therefore be supplemented with fertilizers, both to meet the requirements of crops during periods of plant growth and to replenish soil reserves after the crop has been harvested. Pesticides are important in modern farming and will remain indispensable for the foreseeable future.

Plant Nutrition of Greenhouse Crops

Plant Nutrition of Greenhouse Crops Book
Author : Cees Sonneveld,Wim Voogt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-18
ISBN : 9789048125326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Greenhouse cultivation is noted for its high uptake of minerals, consistent climatic conditions, exclusion of natural precipitation and control of salt accumulation. Acknowledging that plant nutrition in greenhouse cultivation differs in many essentials from field production, this volume details specific information about testing methods for soils and substrates in a greenhouse environment. It does so while offering a universally applicable analysis. This is based on the composition of the soil and substrate solutions, methods for the interpretation of tissue tests, and crop responses on salinity and water supply in relation to fertilizer application. Fertilizer additions, related to analytical data of soil and substrate samples, are presented for a wide range of vegetable and ornamental crops. The subject is especially apt now as substrate growing offers excellent possibilities for the optimal use of water and nutrients, as well as the potential for sustainable production methods for greenhouse crops.

Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants

Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants Book
Author : Horst Marschner,Petra Marschner
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9780124735439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text presents the principles of mineral nutrition in the light of current advances. For this second edition more emphasis has been placed on root water relations and functions of micronutrients as well as external and internal factors on root growth and the root-soil interface.

Plant Roots and Their Environment

Plant Roots and Their Environment Book
Author : B.L. McMichael,H. Persson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444598421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientists, within a wide field, ranging from applied forestry and agriculture to physiology, ecology and the environmental sciences, are today more than ever involved in root and mycorrhizal research. New problem-oriented research fields have arisen such as the effects of fertilizers and pesticides, forest management and regeneration etc. At a time when root research is expanding into different areas, it is much more difficult for the root scientist to penetrate all the new information appearing in literature. The contributors of this volume are leading scientists from different fields of root research. The ISRR-symposium in Uppsala clearly demonstrated that there are new techniques in progress, in particular with regards to video recording of plant root systems and digital image processing. The main objectives of the symposium were (i) to provide a forum for communication between scientists from different disciplines working with root research problems, (ii) to contribute to an expansion of root studies into new areas, (iii) to use current estimates of root turnover for charting the upper and lower limit of below-ground production, and (iv) to spread knowledge of new findings and techniques of the importance of root research. This book is aimed at serving as a vehicle for improving the coherence of root research, for harmonizing methods and establishing overall objectives and gaps in the knowledge of rhizosphere dynamics.

Intracellular Calcium

Intracellular Calcium Book
Author : Anthony K. Campbell
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-16
ISBN : 1118675533
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thousands of imaginative scientists, over more than a century,have revealed the fascinating story of intracellular calcium,through a pathway of ingenious invention and discovery. Intracellular Calcium, the definitive book on this topic,reveals: The pathway of discovery and invention of intracellular calciumover more than 100 years. The evidence for intracellular calcium as a universal switch inall animal, plant, fungal and microbial cells How the components required for calcium signalling are namedand classified. The ingenious technology, which has been developed to studyintracellular calcium. How calcium is regulated inside cells and how it works totrigger an event. The role of intracellular calcium in disease, cell injury andcell death. How many drugs work through the calcium signalling system. How intracellular calcium is involved in the action of manynatural toxins. How the intracellular calcium signalling system has evolvedover 4000 million years, showing why it was crucial to the originof life. A key principle presented throughout the book is the molecularvariation upon which the intracellular calcium signalling systemdepends. This variation occurs within the same cell type andbetween cells with different functions, providing the invisiblematrix upon which Darwin and Wallace’s Natural Selectiondepends. Featuring more than 100 figures, including detailed chemicalstructures as well as pictures of key pioneers in the field, abibliography of more than 1500 references, as well asdetailed subject and organism indices, this definitive workprovides a unique source of scholarship for teachers andresearchers in the biomedical sciences and beyond.

Marschner s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants

Marschner s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants Book
Author : Horst Marschner
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123849055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Respected and known worldwide in the field for his research in plant nutrition, Dr. Horst Marschner authored two editions of Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. His research greatly advanced the understanding of rhizosphere processes and trace element uptake by plants and he published extensively in a variety of plant nutrition areas. While doing agricultural research in West Africa in 1996, Dr. Marschner contracted malaria and passed away, and until now this legacy title went unrevised. Despite the passage of time, it remains the definitive reference on plant mineral nutrition. Great progress has been made in the understanding of various aspects of plant nutrition and in recent years the view on the mode of action of mineral nutrients in plant metabolism and yield formation has shifted. Nutrients are not only viewed as constituents of plant compounds (constructing material), enzymes and electron transport chains but also as signals regulating plant metabolism via complex signal transduction networks. In these networks, phytohormones also play an important role. Principles of the mode of action of phytohormones and examples of the interaction of hormones and mineral nutrients on source and sink strength and yield formation are discussed in this edition. Phytohormones have a role as chemical messengers (internal signals) to coordinate development and responses to environmental stimuli at the whole plant level. These and many other molecular developments are covered in the long-awaited new edition. Esteemed plant nutrition expert and Horst Marschner's daughter, Dr. Petra Marschner, together with a team of key co-authors who worked with Horst Marschner on his research, now present a thoroughly updated and revised third edition of Marschner's Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, maintaining its value for plant nutritionists worldwide. A long-awaited revision of the standard reference on plant mineral nutrition Features full coverage and new discussions of the latest molecular advances Contains additional focus on agro-ecosystems as well as nutrition and quality

Long Non coding RNAs in Plants

Long Non coding RNAs in Plants Book
Author : Santosh Kumar Upadhyay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 0128214635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Long Non-coding RNAs in Plants: Roles in Development and Stress provides the most recent advances in LncRNAs, including identification, characterization, and potential applications and uses. Introductory chapters include the discovery and development of lncRNAs, a comparative analysis of coding versus non-coding lncRNAs, and the role of lncRNAs in abiotic and biotic stress management. The book then provides methodology and protocols for identification and characterization, followed by chapters covering the various different applications of lncRNAs. Written by leading experts, this book is a must-have resource for students and researchers interested in plant science and biotechnology, horticulture, agriculture, and crop science. Stresses such as heat, cold, drought, heavy metals, UV radiations, bacterial and fungal pathogens, and insect pests largely affect the productivity of various horticultural plants and agricultural crops. However, the ever-increasing human population regularly demands an increase in yield and quality of produce. Long non-coding RNAs are associated with various developmental pathways, regulatory systems, abiotic and biotic stress responses, and signaling, and can provide an alternative strategy for stress management in plants. Includes the latest advances and research in long non-coding RNAs in plants Provides alternative strategies for abiotic and biotic stress management in horticultural plants and agricultural crops Focuses on the application and uses of long non-coding RNAs

Biology

Biology Book
Author : Sylvia S. Mader
Publisher : William C Brown Pub
Release : 1987
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutrient Elements in Grassland

Nutrient Elements in Grassland Book
Author : D. C. Whitehead
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2000-10-23
ISBN : 9780851999388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an essential reference source covering the chemical elements that are nutrients for plants or grazing animals. It deals with the concentrations and transformations of these elements in soils, grassland plants, and ruminant animals, particularly cattle and sheep. For each element, the following data are given: forms occurring in soil, factors that affect availability and concentration, uptake and distribution in grassland plants, role in animal nutrition, amounts and forms excreted by grazing animals, and concentrations needed by ruminant animals.

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future Book
Author : Wiebren de Jong,J. Ruud van Ommen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-03
ISBN : 1118916638
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on the conversion of biomass into gas or liquid fuels the book covers physical pre-treatment technologies, thermal, chemical and biochemical conversion technologies • Details the latest biomass characterization techniques • Explains the biochemical and thermochemical conversion processes • Discusses the development of integrated biorefineries, which are similar to petroleum refineries in concept, covering such topics as reactor configurations and downstream processing • Describes how to mitigate the environmental risks when using biomass as fuel • Includes many problems, small projects, sample calculations and industrial application examples