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Cadmium Toxicity And Tolerance In Plants

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Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants

Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants Book
Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman,M.N.V. Prasad,Masayuki Fujita
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-28
ISBN : 0128148659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants: From Physiology to Remediation presents a single research resource on the latest in cadmium toxicity and tolerance in plants. The book covers many important areas, including means of Cd reduction, from plant adaptation, including antioxidant defense, active excretion and chelation, to phytoextraction, rhizo filtration, phytodegradation, and much more. In addition, it explores important insights into the physiological and molecular mechanisms of Cd uptake and transport and presents options for improving resistance to Cd stresses. It will be ideal for both researchers and students working on cadmium pollution, plant responses and related fields of environmental contamination and toxicology. Includes all aspects of cadmium toxicity and tolerance in plants Provides a comprehensive overview of advances in cadmium toxicity, tolerance and adaptation in plants Elaborates on the advancement of eco-friendly techniques for cadmium remediation from soil and water Provides real-world, application focused techniques

Cadmium Tolerance in Plants

Cadmium Tolerance in Plants Book
Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad,Kamrun Nahar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04-17
ISBN : 0128163712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants: Agronomic, Genetic, Molecular and Omic Approaches presents research and latest developments on mechanisms of cadmium tolerance covering both lab and field conditions. This book contains important insights and options for minimizing Cd accumulation in plants and mitigating Cd toxicity. Topics covered include using various omics approaches to understanding plant responses to Cd, novel technologies for developing Cd tolerance and integrated breeding approaches to mitigate Cd stress in crops. Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants: Agronomic, Genetic, Molecular and Omic Approaches is a valuable resource for both researchers and students working on cadmium pollution and plant responses as well as related fields of environmental contamination and toxicology. Provides data on mechanisms of cadmium tolerance at the cell, organ and whole plant level Covers several major approaches, molecular and agronomic, in addressing cadmium toxicity in plants and soil Offers real-world, application focused techniques

Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants

Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants Book
Author : Nafees A. Khan,Samiullah
Publisher : Alpha Science International Limited
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cadmium is a noxious trace pollutant for humans, animals and plants and it is increasingly contaminating the environment through mining, battery and sludge disposal and pesticide application. This volume explores some of the more important aspects of cadmium stress and demonstrates how this can affect plants.

Physiology and Biochemistry of Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants

Physiology and Biochemistry of Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants Book
Author : M.N. Prasad,Kazimierz Strzalka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 9401726604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to give an overview of the most important aspects of physiological and biochemical basis for metal toxicity and tolerance in plants. The book is expected to serve as a reference to university and college teachers, students of plant sciences, environmental biology, environmental biotechnology, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, plant molecular biology, and genetics.

Oxidative Stress in Plants

Oxidative Stress in Plants Book
Author : Dirk Inze
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-10-18
ISBN : 0203303148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants depend on physiological mechanisms to combat adverse environmental conditions, such as pathogen attack, wounding, drought, cold, freezing, salt, UV, intense light, heavy metals and SO2. Many of these cause excess production of active oxygen species in plant cells. Plants have evolved complex defense systems against such oxidative stress. The

Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants and Animals

Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants and Animals Book
Author : V. P. Singh
Publisher : Sarup & Sons
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9788176255875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants and Animals book written by V. P. Singh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cadmium From Toxicity to Essentiality

Cadmium  From Toxicity to Essentiality Book
Author : Astrid Sigel,Helmut Sigel,Roland KO Sigel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-02-26
ISBN : 9400751796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 11 provides in an authoritative and timely manner in 16 stimulating chapters, written by 40 internationally recognized experts from 11 nations, and supported by more than 2600 references, 35 tables, and over 100 illustrations, many in color, a most up-to-date view on the role of cadmium for life, presently a vibrant research area. MILS-11 covers the bioinorganic chemistry of Cd(II), its biogeochemistry, anthropogenic release into the environment, and speciation in the atmosphere, waters, soils, and sediments. The analytical tools for Cd determination, its imaging in cells, and the use of 113Cd NMR to probe Zn(II) and Ca(II) proteins are summarized, as are Cd(II) interactions with nucleotides, nucleic acids, amino acids, and proteins including metallothioneins. The phytoremediation by Cd(II)-accumulating plants, etc., the toxicology of Cd(II), its damage to mammalian organs, and its role as a carcinogen for humans, are highlighted.

Cadmium in Soils and Plants

Cadmium in Soils and Plants Book
Author : M.J. McLaughlin,B.R. Singh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-07-31
ISBN : 9780792358435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over forty years ago, concern was first focussed on cadmium contamination of soils, fertilisers and the food chain. Adverse effects on human health were first highlighted nearly 30 years ago in Japan with the outbreak of Itai-itai disease. Since then, substantial research data have accumulated for cadmium on chemistry in soils, additions to soils, uptake by plants, adverse effects on the soil biota and transfer through the food chain. However, this information has never been compiled into a single volume. This was the stimulus for the Kevin G. Tiller Memorial Symposium "Cadmium in Soils, Plants and the Food Chain", held at the University of California, Berkeley, in June 1997 as part of the Fourth International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements. This symposium brought together leading scientists in the field of cadmium behaviour in soils and plants, to review the scientific data in the literature and highlight gaps in our current knowledge of the subject. This series of review papers are presented here and deal with the chemistry of cadmium in soils, the potential for transfer through the food chain and management to minimise this problem. We hope this information provides a sound scientific basis to assist development of policies and regulations for controlling cadmium in the soil environment.

Environmental Toxicology and Toxicogenomics

Environmental Toxicology and Toxicogenomics Book
Author : Xiaoping Pan,Dr. Baohong Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9781071615140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This detailed book provides an accessible compendium of up-to-date methods in the fields of environmental toxicology, molecular toxicology, and toxicogenomics. Organized into four major sections, the volume examines methods utilizing model animal species, such as nematode, fruit fly, mice, chicken, and amphibians, methods using plants to study chemical toxicity, applying the Ames assay to chemical mutagenicity study, as well as methods for environmental chemical analysis. Although this book is divided into these parts, the methods can be used across species. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Environmental Toxicology and Toxicogenomics: Principles, Methods, and Applications serves as a valuable resource for the scientific community, particularly for young scientists and graduate and undergraduate students, inspiring more research in the vitally important field of environmental toxicity, molecular toxicology, and toxicogenomics.

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants Book
Author : M.N.V. Prasad,Jürgen Hagemeyer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662077450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heavy metal phytotoxicity has been known for more than a century. However, research in the past years has confirmed the immense damage by metal pollution to plants, the soil and ultimately to humans. By reviewing both field and laboratory work, this book deals with the various functional and ecological aspects of heavy metal stress on plants and outlines the scope for future research and the possibilities for remediation.

Metal Transporters

Metal Transporters Book
Author : Svetlana Lutsenko,Jose M. Arguello
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123943906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Current Topics in Membranes focuses on metal transmembrane transporters and pumps, a recently discovered family of membrane proteins with many important roles in the physiology of living organisms. The book summarizes the most recent advances in the field of metal ion transport and provides a broad overview of the major classes of transporters involved in homeostasis of heavy metals. Various families of the transporters and metal specificities are discussed with the focus on the structural and mechanistic aspects of their function and regulation. The reader will access information obtained through a variety of approaches ranging from X-ray crystallography to cell biology and bioinformatics, which have been applied to transporters identified in diverse biological systems, such as pathogenic bacteria, plants, humans and others. Field is cutting-edge and a lot of the information is new to research community Wide breadth of topic coverage Contributors of high renown and expertise

Physiology and Biochemistry of Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants

Physiology and Biochemistry of Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants Book
Author : M.N. Prasad,Kazimierz Strzalka,Kazimierz Strzałka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-02-28
ISBN : 1402004680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to give an overview of the most important aspects of physiological and biochemical basis for metal toxicity and tolerance in plants. The book is expected to serve as a reference to university and college teachers, students of plant sciences, environmental biology, environmental biotechnology, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, plant molecular biology, and genetics.

Heavy Metals Accumulation Toxicity and Detoxification in Plants

Heavy Metals Accumulation  Toxicity and Detoxification in Plants Book
Author : Luigi De Bellis,Alessio Aprile
Publisher : Mdpi AG
Release : 2020-10-02
ISBN : 9783039366330
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, heavy metals have been widely used in agricultural, chemical, domestic, and technological applications, causing environmental and soil contaminations. Heavy metals enter the plant system through soil or via the atmosphere, and can accumulate, affecting physiological processes, plant growth, yield, and human health if heavy metals are stored in edible tissues. Understanding the regulation mechanisms of plant heavy metals accumulation and partitioning is important to improve the safety of the food chain. In this Special Issue book, a total of 19 articles were included; four reviews covering phytoremediation, manganese phytotoxicity in plants, the effect of cadmium on plant development, the genetic characteristics of Cd accumulation, and the research status of genes and QTLs in rice, respectively, as well as fifteen original research articles, mainly regarding the impact of cadmium on plants. Cadmium was therefore the predominant topic of this Special Issue, increasing the attention of the research community on the negative impacts determined by cadmium or cadmium associated with other heavy metals. The articles have highlighted a great genetic variability, suggesting different possibilities for accumulation, translocation and the reduction or control of heavy metal toxicity in plants.

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants Book
Author : Arun Shanker,Chitra Shanker
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-02-17
ISBN : 9535122509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The impact of global climate change on crop production has emerged as a major research priority during the past decade. Understanding abiotic stress factors such as temperature and drought tolerance and biotic stress tolerance traits such as insect pest and pathogen resistance in combination with high yield in plants is of paramount importance to counter climate change related adverse effects on the productivity of crops. In this multi-authored book, we present synthesis of information for developing strategies to combat plant stress. Our effort here is to present a judicious mixture of basic as well as applied research outlooks so as to interest workers in all areas of plant science. We trust that the information covered in this book would bridge the much-researched area of stress in plants with the much-needed information for evolving climate-ready crop cultivars to ensure food security in the future.

Recent Advancements in Bioremediation of Metal Contaminants

Recent Advancements in Bioremediation of Metal Contaminants Book
Author : Dey, Satarupa,Acharya, Biswaranjan
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-07-10
ISBN : 1799848892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pollution and ways to combat it have become topics of great concern for researchers. One of the most important dimensions of this global crisis is wastewater, which can often become contaminated with heavy metals such as lead, mercury, and arsenic, which are released from different industrial wastes, mines, and agricultural runoff. Bioremediation of such heavy metals has been extensively studied using different groups of bacteria, fungi, and algae, and has been considered as a safer, eco-friendly, and cost-effective option for mitigation of contaminated wasteland. The toxicity of water impacts all of society, and so it is of great importance that we understand the better, cleaner, and more efficient ways of treating water. Recent Advancements in Bioremediation of Metal Contaminants is a pivotal reference source that explores bioremediation of pollutants from industrial wastes and examines the role of diverse forms of microbes in bioremediation of wastewater. Covering a broad range of topics including microorganism tolerance, phytoremediation, and fungi, the role of different extremophiles and biofilms in bioremediation are also discussed. This book is ideally designed for environmentalists, engineers, policymakers, academicians, researchers, and students in the fields of microbiology, toxicology, environmental chemistry, and soil and water science.

Soil Remediation and Plants

Soil Remediation and Plants Book
Author : Khalid Hakeem,Muhammad Sabir,Munir Ozturk,Ahmet Ruhi Mermut
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-08-29
ISBN : 0127999132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The soil is being contaminated continuously by a large number of pollutants. Among them, heavy metals are an exclusive group of toxicants because they are stable and difficult to disseminate into non-toxic forms. The ever-increasing concentrations of such pollutants in the soil are considered serious threats toward everyone’s health and the environment. Many techniques are used to clean, eliminate, obliterate or sequester these hazardous pollutants from the soil. However, these techniques can be costly, labor intensive, and often disquieting. Phytoremediation is a simple, cost effective, environmental friendly and fast-emerging new technology for eliminating toxic heavy metals and other related soil pollutants. Soil Remediation and Plants provides a common platform for biologists, agricultural engineers, environmental scientists, and chemists, working with a common aim of finding sustainable solutions to various environmental issues. The book provides an overview of ecosystem approaches and phytotechnologies and their cumulative significance in relation to solving various environmental problems. Identifies the molecular mechanisms through which plants are able to remediate pollutants from the soil Examines the challenges and possibilities towards the various phytoremediation candidates Includes the latest research and ongoing progress in phytoremediation

Effect of Heavy Metal Pollution on Plants

Effect of Heavy Metal Pollution on Plants Book
Author : N. W. Lepp
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401173397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trace metals occur as natural constituents of the earth's crust, and are ever present constituents of soils, natural waters and living matter. The biological significance of this disparate assemblage of elements has gradually been uncovered during the twentieth century; the resultant picture is one of ever-increasing complexity. Several of these elements have been demonstrated to be essential to the functions of living organisms, others appear to only interact with living matter in a toxic manner, whilst an ever-decreasing number do not fall conveniently into either category. When the interactions between trace metals and plants are considered, one must take full account of the known chemical properties of each element. Consideration must be given to differences in chemical reactivity, solubility and to interactions with other inorganic and organic molecules. A clear understanding of the basic chemical properties of an element of interest is an essential pre-requisite to any subsequent consideration of its biological significance. Due consideration to basic chemical considerations is a theme which runs through the collection of chapters in both volumes.

Cadmium

Cadmium Book
Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2013-01-01
ISBN : 9781628087222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cadmium (Cd) is one of the four metals that have been raising apprehension worldwide as environmental, agricultural and health hazards in recent decades. Cadmium accumulates in the soil naturally or through anthropogenic activities, such as mining, industrial waste disposal, use and disposal of batteries and sludges, and application of pesticides and fertilizers. Cadmium accumulation can result in severe deterioration of natural resources, disturbance of ecosystems, and deleterious effects on plants, animals and human health. In recent decades, the number of publications focused on cadmium toxicity in plants and animals has been growing exponentially, making this topic impossible to accommodate within the scope of a single volume. This book edited by Dr. Mirza Hasanuzzaman and Dr. Masayuki Fujita presents a collection of 16 chapters written by 67 experts from 19 countries working on cadmium toxicity. This volume provides the readers with a background for understanding cadmium toxicity, its environmental and health aspects, and its remediation mechanisms. Various chapters included in this book provide a state-of-the-art account of the information as a resourceful guide suited for scholars and researchers working in the field of cadmium. This book is a invaluable resource for plant biologists, agriculturists, toxicologists, biochemists, environmental scientists, physiologists, pharmacologists, geneticists, molecular biologists; as well as graduate students in these disciplines.

Contaminants in Agriculture

Contaminants in Agriculture Book
Author : M. Naeem,Abid Ali Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-25
ISBN : 303041552X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive volume covers recent studies into agricultural problems caused by soil and water contamination. Considering the importance of agricultural crops to human health, the editors have focused on chapters detailing the negative impact of heavy metals, excessive chemical fertilizer use, nutrients, pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, agricultural wastes and toxic pollutants, among others, on agricultural soil and crops. In addition, the chapters offer solutions to these negative impacts through various scientific approaches, including using biotechnology, nanotechnology, nutrient management strategies, biofertilizers, as well as potent PGRs and elicitors. This book serves as a key source of information on scientific and engineered approaches and challenges for the bioremediation of agricultural contamination worldwide. This book should be helpful for research students, teachers, agriculturalists, agronomists, botanists, and plant growers, as well as in the fields of agriculture, agronomy, plant science, plant biology, and biotechnology, among others. It serves as an excellent reference on the current research and future directions of contaminants in agriculture from laboratory research to field application.

Environmental Stress Adaptation and Evolution

Environmental Stress  Adaptation  and Evolution Book
Author : Rudolf Bijlsma,K. Bijlsma,Volker Loeschcke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1997-09-23
ISBN : 9783764356958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most organisms and populations have to cope with hostile environments, threatening their existence. Their ability to respond phenotypically and genetically to these challenges and to evolve adaptive mechanisms is, therefore, crucial. The contributions to this book aim at understanding, from a evolutionary perspective, the impact of stress on biological systems. Scientists, applying different approaches spanning from the molecular and the protein level to individuals, populations and ecosystems, explore how organisms adapt to extreme environments, how stress changes genetic structure and affects life histories, how organisms cope with thermal stress through acclimation, and how environmental and genetic stress induce fluctuating asymmetry, shape selection pressure and cause extinction of populations. Finally, it discusses the role of stress in evolutionary change, from stress induced mutations and selection to speciation and evolution at the geological time scale. The book contains reviews and novel scientific results on the subject. It will be of interest to both researchers and graduate students and may serve as a text for graduate courses.