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Building Integrated Photovoltaic Thermal Systems

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Building Integrated Photovoltaic Thermal Systems

Building Integrated Photovoltaic Thermal Systems Book
Author : Basant Agrawal,Gopal Nath Tiwari
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2011
ISBN : 1849730903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar photovoltaics is one of the most promising renewable energy technologies, producing electricity on site directly from the solar radiation without harming the environment and depletion of materials. The Building Integrated Photovoltaic Thermal (BIPVT) system is a technology which merges PV and thermal systems, simultaneously providing both electric and thermal energy. Through this combination more energy is generated per unit surface area in comparison to the standalone photovoltaics system. Benefits of the BIPVT system include significantly increased electrical performance, faster payback than traditional systems, negligible impact on the environment and the product is easier and less expensive to install with low maintenance required. This book describes the recent developments in PV technologies, solar radiation available on the earth, various BIPVT systems and their applications, energy and exergy analysis, carbondioxide migration and credit earned, life cycle cost analysis and life cycle conversion efficiency. Presently there is no single book which covers all the basic and the advanced concepts related to the implementation of solar energy for the passive heating and cooling of the building. In addition to the basic concepts, the book includes the technology advances, modelling and analysis and ongoing research in the area of BIPVT. Key features of book include: -Solar heating and cooling concepts -Thermal comfort -Performance analysis of BIPVT system -Worldwide case studies -Energy payback period -Techno-economics and sustainability of the system The book, written by experts in the field with years of research and teaching, is intended for the specialists, scientists and people involved in research in the disciplines of renewable energy, energy studies, building energy or carbon credit. For the practicing professional, advanced senior or graduate student with work experience, the book should be used as part of an integrative program enabling them to make deep linkages and thus better decisions in the professional world.

Building Integrated Photovoltaic Thermal Systems

Building Integrated Photovoltaic Thermal Systems Book
Author : Huiming Yin,Mehdi Zadshir,Frank Pao
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-26
ISBN : 0128210656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building Integrated Photovoltaic Thermal Systems: Fundamentals, Designs, and Applications presents various applications, system designs, manufacturing, and installation techniques surrounding how to build integrated photovoltaics. This book provides a comprehensive understanding of all system components, long-term performance and testing, and the commercialization of building integrated photovoltaic thermal (BIPVT) systems. By addressing potential obstacles with current photovoltaic (PV) systems, such as efficiency bottlenecks and product heat harvesting, the authors not only cover the fundamentals and design philosophy of the BIPVT technology, but also introduce a hybrid system for building integrated thermal electric roofing. Topics covered in Building Integrated Photovoltaic Thermal Systems are useful for scientists and engineers in the fields of photovoltaics, electrical and civil engineering, materials science, sustainable energy harvesting, solar energy, and renewable energy production. Contains system integration methods supported by industry developments Includes real-life examples and functional projects as case studies for comparison Covers system design challenges, offering unique solutions

Building Integrated Photovoltaic thermal Hybrid Systems

Building Integrated Photovoltaic thermal Hybrid Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Building Integrated Photovoltaic thermal Hybrid Systems book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Research and Development Needs for Building Integrated Solar Technologies

Research and Development Needs for Building Integrated Solar Technologies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Building Technologies Office (BTO) has identified Building Integrated Solar Technologies (BIST) as a potentially valuable piece of the comprehensive pathway to help achieve its goal of reducing energy consumption in residential and commercial buildings by 50% by the year 2030. This report helps to identify the key research and development (R & D) needs that will be required for BIST to make a substantial contribution toward that goal. BIST include technologies for space heating and cooling, water heating, hybrid photovoltaic-thermal systems (PV/T), active solar lighting, and building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV).

Modelling and Evaluation of the Performance of Building integrated Open Loop Air based Photovoltaic thermal Systems

Modelling and Evaluation of the Performance of Building integrated Open Loop Air based Photovoltaic thermal Systems Book
Author : Luis Miguel Candanedo Ibarra
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Modelling and Evaluation of the Performance of Building integrated Open Loop Air based Photovoltaic thermal Systems book written by Luis Miguel Candanedo Ibarra, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Energy Systems

A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Energy Systems Book
Author : Trevor M. Letcher,Vasilis M. Fthenakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-17
ISBN : 0128114800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Energy Systems: With Special Focus on Photovoltaic Systems, the most advanced and research focused text on all aspects of solar energy engineering, is a must have edition on the present state of solar technology, integration and worldwide distribution. In addition, the book provides a high-level assessment of the growth trends in photovoltaics and how investment, planning and economic infrastructure can support those innovations. Each chapter includes a research overview with a detailed analysis and new case studies that look at how recent research developments can be applied. Written by some of the most forward-thinking professionals, this book is an invaluable reference for engineers. Contains analysis of the latest high-level research and explores real world application potential in relation to developments Uses system international (SI) units and imperial units throughout to appeal to global engineers Offers measurable data written by a world expert in the field on the latest developments in this fast moving and vital subject

An Investigation of a Building Integrated Photovoltaic thermal Solar Energy System

An Investigation of a Building Integrated Photovoltaic thermal Solar Energy System Book
Author : Shawn Allen Fitzpatrick
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download An Investigation of a Building Integrated Photovoltaic thermal Solar Energy System book written by Shawn Allen Fitzpatrick, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy Analysis of Photovoltaic Thermal System Integrated with Roof and HVAC System

Energy Analysis of Photovoltaic Thermal System Integrated with Roof and HVAC System Book
Author : Sasa Pantic
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780494288900
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integration of a photovoltaic-thermal system with housing roofs can replace shingles while generating electricity and heat. This thesis is focused on energy performance of different configurations of building integrated photovoltaic-thermal (BIPV/T) and HVAC system that utilize recovered heat.

Hybrid Energy Systems

Hybrid Energy Systems Book
Author : Yatish T. Shah
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-05
ISBN : 1000368548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hybrid Energy Systems: Strategy for Industrial Decarbonization demonstrates how hybrid energy and processes can decarbonize energy industry needs for power and heating and cooling. It describes the role of hybrid energy and processes in nine major industry sectors and discusses how hybrid energy can offer sustainable solutions in each. Introduces the basics and examples of hybrid energy systems Examines hybrid energy and processes in coal, oil and gas, nuclear, building, vehicle, manufacturing and industrial processes, computing and portable electronic, district heating and cooling, and water sectors Shows that hybrid processes can improve efficiency and that hybrid energy can effectively insert renewable fuels in the energy industry Serves as a companion text to the author’s book Hybrid Power: Generation, Storage, and Grids Written for advanced students, researchers, and industry professionals involved in energy-related processes and plants, this book offers latest research and practical strategies for application of the innovative field of hybrid energy.

A Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Enhanced Open Loop Air Based Building integrated Photovoltaic Thermal BIPV T Systems

A Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Enhanced Open Loop Air Based Building integrated Photovoltaic Thermal  BIPV T  Systems Book
Author : Tingting Yang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis investigates air-based building integrated photovoltaic/thermal (BIPV/T) systems. A building-integrated photovoltaic/thermal (BIPV/T) system converts solar energy into electricity and useful heat, while also serving as the functional exterior layer of the building envelope and thereby achieving the design of net-zero energy buildings. A comprehensive literature survey of a variety of BIPV/T systems points out the need to develop enhanced air-based BIPV/T systems with aesthetical and mechanical requirements taken into account. This thesis examines improved designs of open-loop air-based BIPV/T systems both numerically and experimentally. A BIPV/T design with two inlets was proposed and a prototype using custom-made frameless PV modules was constructed for feasibility validation. The experiments were performed using a solar irradiance simulator and included testing under varying irradiance levels, flow rates and wind speeds. Experimental results validated that the two-inlet BIPV/T concept improved thermal efficiency by 5% compared to a conventional single-inlet system. Detailed BIPV/T channel air temperature measurements showed that the mixing of the warm outlet air from the first section and the cool ambient air drawn in from the second inlet contributes to the improved performance of the two-inlet system. The heat transfer characteristics in the BIPV/T channel between air and PV panel was studied through the development of Nusselt number correlations. Comparative tests were also conducted on a prototype using opaque mono-crystalline PV modules and a prototype using semi-transparent mono-crystalline PV modules. Results showed that applying semi-transparent PV modules (with 80% module area covered by solar cells) in BIPV/T systems increased thermal efficiency (ratio between the thermal energy recovered by the channel air and solar energy incident on the upper surface of PV) by up to 7.6% compared to opaque ones, particularly when combined with multiple inlets. A variation of this two-inlet BIPV/T design that includes a vertical solar air heater embedded with a packing material (wire mesh) was presented and analyzed. The additional solar air heater receives high amount of solar energy during the winter period when solar altitude is low, enabling the outlet air to be heated to a higher temperature. A lumped parameter thermal network model of this BIPV/T system was verified using experimental data obtained for a single-inlet BIPV/T prototype. Simulation results indicate that the application of two inlets on a BIPV/T collector increases thermal efficiency by about 5% and increases electrical efficiency marginally. An added vertical glazed solar air collector improves the thermal efficiency by about 8%, and the improvement is more significant with wire mesh packing in the collector by an increase of about 10%. A case study is performed using this lumped thermal model and showed that the thermal efficiency of a BIPV/T roof of an existing solar house is improved by 7% with four air inlets. In conclusion, this thesis presents validated models for the design of open-loop BIPV/T air systems with multiple inlets and possibly semi-transparent PV covers.

Architectural Integration and Design of Solar Thermal Systems

Architectural Integration and Design of Solar Thermal Systems Book
Author : Maria Cristina Munari Probst,Christian Roecker
Publisher : EPFL Press
Release : 2011
ISBN : 2940222460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although solar thermal systems are technologically mature and cost effective, they have not yet been sufficiently used in building design to play an adequate role in the reduction of fossil fuel consumption. One main hindrance to adoption is the generally low architectural design quality of the building integration of these thermal systems. Starting from a definition of architectural integration quality and related criteria, this book is intended to help both architects and manufacturers improve their design work.

Polygeneration Systems

Polygeneration Systems Book
Author : Francesco Calise,Laura Vanoli,Massimo Dentice D’Accadia,Maria Vicidomini
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-22
ISBN : 0128206268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The support for polygeneration lies in the possibility of integrating different technologies into a single energy system, to maximize the utilization of both fossil and renewable fuels. A system that delivers multiple forms of energy to users, maximizing the overall efficiency makes polygeneration an emerging and viable option for energy consuming industries. Polygeneration Systems: Design, Processes and Technologies provides simple and advanced calculation techniques to evaluate energy, environmental and economic performance of polygeneration systems under analysis. With specific design guidelines for each type of polygeneration system and experimental performance data, referred both to single components and overall systems, this title covers all aspects of polygeneration from design to operation, optimization and practical implementation. Giving different aspects of both fossil and non-fossil fuel based polygeneration and the wider area of polygeneration processes, this book helps readers learn general principles to specific system design and development through analysis of case studies, examples, simulation characteristics and thermodynamic and economic data. Detailed economic data for technology to assist developing feasibility studies regarding the possible application of polygeneration technologies Offers a comprehensive list of all current numerical and experimental results of polygeneration available Includes simulation models, cost figures, demonstration projects and test standards for designers and researchers to validate their own models and/or to test the reliability of their results

Modeling and Design of a Solar House with Focus on a Ventilated Concrete Slab Coupled with a Building integrated Photovoltaic thermal System

Modeling and Design of a Solar House with Focus on a Ventilated Concrete Slab Coupled with a Building integrated Photovoltaic thermal System Book
Author : YuXiang Chen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Modeling and Design of a Solar House with Focus on a Ventilated Concrete Slab Coupled with a Building integrated Photovoltaic thermal System book written by YuXiang Chen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Clean Energy Technologies

Advances in Clean Energy Technologies Book
Author : Abul Kalam Azad
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-08
ISBN : 0128212365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Clean Energy Technologies presents the latest advanced approaches toward a cleaner and more sustainable energy environment. Editor Kalam Azad and his team of expert contributors focus on recent developments in the field of clean energy technologies, sustainable zero emission resources, energy efficiency and environmental sustainability, as well as clean energy policy and markets. This well-rounded reference includes an authoritative view on control and storage solutions specific to medium and large-scale industries, advanced approaches to modeling, and experimental investigations on clean energy technologies. Those working in and researching clean energy and sustainability will obtain detailed understanding of a variety of zero emission energy production and conversion approaches, as well as important socio-economic and environmental considerations that can be applied to their own unique power generation settings. Presents an exclusive analysis on advanced approaches of modeling and experimental investigations of clean energy technologies, including solar, wind, ocean, and hybrid systems Includes an authoritative and cross-disciplinary view on energy policy and energy markets Helps readers develop an understanding of concepts and solutions to global issues surrounding sustainability in medium-large scale energy industries Offers detailed understanding of a variety of zero emission energy production and conversion approaches

Exploitation of Solar Energy Using Integrated Photovoltaic and Thermal Systems

Exploitation of Solar Energy Using Integrated Photovoltaic and Thermal Systems Book
Author : Lluis Anfruns Damians
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy self-sufficiency of buildings is based on the production of heat and electricity with the systems which are integrated into the building and utilize renewable energy sources. These systems can be built as decentralized units that are simultaneously converting solar radiation into electricity and heat. Researches shows that high efficiency of both electricity and heat production can be achieved in this way. In the thesis, solutions of integrated photovoltaic and thermal systems using solar energy and their efficiencies are presented, analyzed and compared. A numerical model for determination of effectiveness of the device in the year-round operation was developed and analyzes of possibilities for increasing the effectiveness of the device with concentration of solar radiation are shown. In the thesis we have done a research of the importance of solar energy and it's relations with other energy sources in Spain, Slovenia and around the world. While researching types and the usage of solar energy, we were focused especially on the use of thermal systems applications with integrated photovoltaic panels (PV-T systems) and the different ways how to increase their efficiency by installing concentrated applications. Finally, a comparison of three different devices for solar energy exploitation (photovoltaic panel, heat exchanger with metal sheet and photovoltaic thermal PV-T) has been done. We studied their behavior in the cities of Ljubljana, Barcelona and Madrid during one year's period. This study has been made by using of upgraded numerical model developed in the MS Excel program created for a Diploma work "Heat transfer in double ventilated facade" in the University of Ljubljana by Nejc Bozic in December 2009.

Modeling and Simulation of a Ventilated Building Integrated Photovoltaic thermal BIPV T Envelope

Modeling and Simulation of a Ventilated Building Integrated Photovoltaic thermal  BIPV T  Envelope Book
Author : Syamimi Saadon
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The demand of energy consumed by human kind has been growing significantly over the past 30 years. Therefore, various actions are taken for the development of renewable energy and in particular solar energy. Many technological solutions have then been proposed, such as solar PV/T collectors whose objective is to improve the PV panels performance by recovering the heat lost with a heat removal fluid. The research for the improvement of the thermal and electrical productivities of these components has led to the gradual integration of the solar components into building in order to improve their absorbing area. Among technologies capable to produce electricity locally without con-tributing to greenhouse gas (GHG) releases is building integrated PV systems (BIPV). However, when exposed to intense solar radiation, the temperature of PV modules increases significantly, leading to a reduction in efficiency so that only about 14% of the incident radiation is converted into electrical energy. The high temperature also decreases the life of the modules, thereby making passive cooling of the PV components through natural convection a desirable and cost-effective means of overcoming both difficulties. A numerical model of heat transfer and fluid flow characteristics of natural convection of air is therefore undertaken so as to provide reliable information for the design of BIPV. A simplified numerical model is used to model the PVT collector so as to gain an understanding of the complex processes involved in cooling of integrated photovoltaic arrays in double-skin building surfaces. This work addresses the numerical simulation of a semi-transparent, ventilated PV façade designed for cooling in summer (by natural convection) and for heat recovery in winter (by mechanical ventilation). For both configurations, air in the cavity between the two building skins (photovoltaic façade and the primary building wall) is heated by transmission through transparent glazed sections, and by convective and radiative exchange. The system is simulated with the aid of a reduced-order multi-physics model adapted to a full scale arrangement operating under real conditions and developed for the TRNSYS software environment. Validation of the model and the subsequent simulation of a building-coupled system are then presented, which were undertaken using experimental data from the RESSOURCES project (ANR-PREBAT 2007). This step led, in the third chapter to the calculation of the heating and cooling needs of a simulated building and the investigation of impact of climatic variations on the system performance. The results have permitted finally to perform the exergy and exergoeconomic analysis.

Solution Sets for Net Zero Energy Buildings

Solution Sets for Net Zero Energy Buildings Book
Author : Françios Garde,Joseph Ayoub,Laura Aelenei,Daniel Aelenei,Alessandra Scognamiglio
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-01
ISBN : 343360469X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Net Zero-Energy Buildings have been the object of numerous studies in recent years as various countries have set this performance level as a long-term goal of their energy policies. This book presents a unique study of 30 NZEBs that have been constructed and have had their performance measured for at least 12 months. The study is based upon an international collaborative research initiated by the International Energy Agency - the Solar Heating and Cooling Programme (SHC). It is the first book to evaluate building strategies in houses, educational buildings and offices that have been demonstrated to work in practice. It examines how the design challenges of climate and building type have been addressed, and to what extent the various design approaches have been successful. This book presents convincing evidence that a careful re-thinking of conventional design norms can achieve a far greater performance benefit than is normally feasible. It identifies `solution sets? that work at the whole building level and at the individual building design challenge level for each climate and building type. In doing so, the book provides guidance as to how to improve the design by learning from these cases. Unusually for a book of this type it has examples of buildings in what are conventionally labeled "hot" and "cold" climates. A simple process is proposed for the reader to commission the analysis of their own climate to assess not only the conventional measure of how hot or cold or humid it is, but also to assess its suitability to support other NZEB technical challenge solutions sets such as Daylight or Natural Ventilation or comfort based climate conditioning.