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Brain Oscillations Synchrony And Plasticity

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Brain Oscillations Synchrony and Plasticity

Brain Oscillations  Synchrony and Plasticity Book
Author : Jos J. Eggermont
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-25
ISBN : 0128204087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity: Basic Principles and Application to Auditory-Related Disorders discusses the role of brain oscillations, especially with respect to the auditory system and how those oscillations are measured, change over the lifespan, and falter leading to a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. The book begins with a description of these cortical rhythm oscillations and how they function in both the normal and pathological brain. It explains how these oscillations are important to auditory, executive and attention brain networks and how they relate to the development, production and deterioration of speech and language. In addition, treatment of malfunctioning cortical rhythms are reviewed using neuromodulation, such as transcranial magnetic, direct current, random noise, and alternating current stimulation, as well as focused ultrasound. The book concludes by describing the potential role of oscillations in dyslexia, autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease. Introduces readers to brain imaging methods such as structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, EEG and magnetoencephalography, in the study of brain oscillations, synchrony and networks of the normal and pathological brain Highlights the role of brain oscillations in perception and cognition, in particular with respect to the auditory system, speech and language Describes lifespan changes, from preterm to senescence, of brain oscillations, brain networks and how they relate to the development and deterioration of speech and language Explains the effects of hearing loss on neural network change in the auditory and non-auditory networks such as the default mode-, the salience-, the executive- and attention networks Illustrates the breakdown of network connections in auditory-related disorders such as tinnitus and in psychiatric disorders with a strong auditory, speech and language component

Frontiers in Synaptic Plasticity Dendritic Spines Circuitries and Behavior

Frontiers in Synaptic Plasticity  Dendritic Spines  Circuitries and Behavior Book
Author : Alberto A. Rasia-Filho,Rochelle S. Cohen,Oliver von Bohlen und Halbach
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-09-22
ISBN : 2889199479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The term “synaptic plasticity” is a broad concept, which is studied with a variety of experimental approaches. One focus is the impact of changes in synaptic, neuronal and glial morphology on brain circuitry and behavior. In this regard, unique animal models have been key to the study of affective and social behaviors and neurological and psychiatric diseases. However, there is a paucity of compilations directed toward the correlation of alterations in synaptic structure with various physiological and behavioral paradigms. This Frontiers Research Topic will, therefore, serve as an exciting forum for the exchange of novel hypotheses and data and an important resource and reference for investigators studying synaptic and brain plasticity, as well as those in related fields.

Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science 4 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science  4 Volume Set Book
Author : L. Nadel
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2005-09-23
ISBN : 9780470016190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An exciting reference work which captures current thinking about the workings of the mind and brain, focusing on problems that are as old as recorded history, but reflecting new approaches and techniques that have emerged since the 1980's. The Encyclopedia contains 696 articles covering in depth the entire spectrum of the cognitive sciences. Reviewing the common themes of information and information processing, representation and computation, it also covers in depth the core areas of psychology, philosophy, linguistics, computer science, and neuroscience. Ancillary topics such as education, economics, evolutionary biology and anthropology are also covered. The articles have been written to provide multiple levels of information so that readers from various levels can benefit from this set – from undergraduate and postgraduate students to university lecturers. With extensive cross-referencing, a glossary and subject index to further aid the reader through the book, the Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science is an essential addition to any library or office shelf. The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science (ECS) includes: 4 Volumes 4000 pages 696 articles Contributions from the world’s leading experts 1,500 illustrations Detailed indexes and appendices Extensive cross-referencing

Plasticity in the Adult Brain From Genes to Neurotherapy

Plasticity in the Adult Brain  From Genes to Neurotherapy Book
Author : M.A. Hofman,G.J. Boer,Eus JW Van Someren,J. Verhaagen,D.F. Swaab,A.J.G.D. Holtmaat
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-10-23
ISBN : 9780080497730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past decade neuronal plasticity has become a major theme of modern neurobiology, from cellular and molecular mechanisms of synapse formation in worms and insects to behavioural recovery from strokes in elderly humans. For this reason the focus of interest in the present volume of Progress in Brain Research is on the topic of neuroplasticity in mature organisms, including humans. Contributions range from neurogenesis and synaptic plasticity in the adult primate brain, to neural mechanisms of learning and memory, and the influence of environmental factors and aging on the functional potential of the central nervous system. Several contributions focus on recent developments in neural regeneration and brain repair, providing challenging evidence that the use of stem cell neurotherapy may be beneficial to humans suffering from various neurological and psychiatric diseases. This volume integrates new information on the cellular and molecular mechanisms of neuroplasticity and highlights challenging future questions in this exciting and topical area of neuroscience.

Slow Brain Oscillations of Sleep Resting State and Vigilance

Slow Brain Oscillations of Sleep  Resting State and Vigilance Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-13
ISBN : 0444538380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Progress in Brain Research documents research presented at the 26th International Summer School of Brain Research (Amsterdam, Jun/Jul 2010) and looks at how the oscillations that characterize brain activity vary between task performance - the EEG power and performance modulations, rest - the MRI default mode and other networks, and sleep - the cortical slow oscillations. Studies over the past decade indicate that the study of these slow oscillations is essential for our understanding of plasticity, memory, brain structure from synapse to default mode network, cognition, consciousness and ultimately for our understanding of the mechanisms and functions of sleep and vigilance. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Understanding Dynamical Interactions in the Hippocampus

Understanding Dynamical Interactions in the Hippocampus Book
Author : Jack N. Waddell
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Understanding Dynamical Interactions in the Hippocampus book written by Jack N. Waddell, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Spiking Neuron Models

Spiking Neuron Models Book
Author : Wulfram Gerstner,Werner M. Kistler
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2002-08-15
ISBN : 9780521890793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an introduction to spiking neurons for advanced undergraduate or graduate students. It can be used with courses in computational neuroscience, theoretical biology, neural modeling, biophysics, or neural networks. It focuses on phenomenological approaches rather than detailed models in order to provide the reader with a conceptual framework. No prior knowledge beyond undergraduate mathematics is necessary to follow the book. Thus it should appeal to students or researchers in physics, mathematics, or computer science interested in biology; moreover it will also be useful for biologists working in mathematical modeling.

The Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology Book
Author : Susan Hallam,Ian Cross,Professor Michael Thaut,Michael Thaut
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology is the definitive, comprehensive, and authoritative text on this burgeoning field. With contributions from over fifty experts in the field, the range and depth of coverage is unequalled. It will be an essential resource for students and researchers in psychology.

Physiological Research

Physiological Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Physiological Research book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cognitive Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting Abstract Program

Cognitive Neuroscience Society     Annual Meeting Abstract Program Book
Author : Cognitive Neuroscience Society. Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cognitive Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting Abstract Program book written by Cognitive Neuroscience Society. Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Complexity Metastability And Nonextensivity

Complexity  Metastability  And Nonextensivity Book
Author : Sumiyoshi Abe,Hans Herrmann,Piero Quarati,Andrea Rapisarda,Constantino Tsallis
Publisher : American Institute of Physics
Release : 2007-12-14
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All papers have been peer-reviewed. This volume gives an updated overview of current interdisciplinary studies on complex systems and nonextensive statistical mechanics. It is an ideal starting point for scientists and graduate students who wish to enter the field. The book features a diverse collection of the latest research work not found in a single volume elsewhere. Among the highly regarded contributors to the volume are the 2004 Boltzmann medalist H. E. Stanley and numerous internationally renowned experts, such as S. Abe, P-H. Chavanis, C. Beck, G. Casati, D. Farmer, H. Herrmann, R. Mantegna, J. Naudts, A. Plastino, A Robledo, B. Spagnolo C. Tsallis and many others.

The Neurosciences and Music III

The Neurosciences and Music III Book
Author : Simone Dalla Bella,Virginia Burdet Penhune
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-09-01
ISBN : 157331739X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume features new research and collaborations in the neuroscience of music and to its visibility within the broader scientific community. Contributors include scientists, clinicians, and students in the fields of neuroscience and music. The primary focus is on issues related to music and medicine, by focusing on musical disorders and plasticity. NOTE: Annals volumes are available for sale as individual books or as a journal. For information on institutional journal subscriptions, please visit www.blackwellpublishing.com/nyas. ACADEMY MEMBERS: Please contact the New York Academy of Sciences directly to place your order (www.nyas.org). Members of the New York Academy of Science receive full-text access to the Annals online and discounts on print volumes. Please visit http://www.nyas.org/MemberCenter/Join.aspx for more information about becoming a member.

Abstract Book

Abstract Book Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Abstract Book book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Brain Cholinergic Systems

Brain Cholinergic Systems Book
Author : Mircea Steriade,Dietmar Biesold
Publisher : Oxford ; Toronto : Oxford University Press
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, brain cholinergic systems are examined by leading authorities drawn from the fields of morphology, immunochemistry, electrophysiology, behaviour, and the study of cognitive disorders. The book covers major aspects of the organization and connectivity of cholinergic systems at thelight and electron-microscopic levels, intrinsic electrophysiological properties, and ionic conductances of central cholinergic neurons. It also discusses the effects of brainstem and basal forebrain cholinergic systems upon thalamic and cortical neurons, plasticity processes in the thalamins andcerebral cortex; and studies on Alzheimer's disease.

Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics V

Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics  V  Book
Author : Rubin Wang,Xiaochuan Pan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-29
ISBN : 981100207X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This proceedings contains articles submitted to the fifth International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics (ICCN2015). In ICCN2015, twelve invited plenary lectures were presented by the leading scientists in their respective research fields. More than 15 mini-symposiums are organized by specialists with topics covering: motor control and learning, dynamic coding in distributed neural circuits, dynamics of firing patterns and synchronization in neuronal systems, information and signal processing techniques in neurotechnology, neural oscillations and synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus, new perspective on model-based vs. model-free brain process, neural mechanisms of internal switching, neuroinformation computation, neural model and dynamics, imaging human cognitive networks, neuroinformatics, neuroergonomics & neuroengineering, dynamic brain for communication, visual information processing and functional imaging and neural mechanisms of language processing. All articles are peer-reviewed. The ICCN is a series conference held every two years since 2007.

Manipulative approaches to human brain dynamics

Manipulative approaches to human brain dynamics Book
Author : Keiichi Kitajo,Takashi Hanakawa, Risto Juhani Ilmoniemi,Carlo Miniussi
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-05-29
ISBN : 2889194795
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this EBook, we highlight how newly emerging techniques for non-invasive manipulation of the human brain, combined with simultaneous recordings of neural activity, contribute to the understanding of brain functions and neural dynamics in humans. A growing body of evidence indicates that the neural dynamics (e.g., oscillations, synchrony) are important in mediating information processing and networking for various functions in the human brain. Most of previous studies on human brain dynamics, however, show correlative relationships between brain functions and patterns of neural dynamics measured by imaging methods such as electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In contrast, manipulative approaches by non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) have been developed and extensively used. These approaches include transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial electric stimulation (tES) such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), alternating current stimulation (tACS), and random noise stimulation (tRNS), which can directly manipulate neural dynamics in the intact human brain. Although the neural-correlate approach is a strong tool, we think that manipulative approaches have far greater potential to show causal roles of neural dynamics in human brain functions. There have been technical challenges with using manipulative methods together with imaging methods. However, thanks to recent technical developments, it has become possible to use combined methods such as TMS–EEG coregistration. We can now directly measure and manipulate neural dynamics and analyze functional consequences to show causal roles of neural dynamics in various brain functions. Moreover, these combined methods can probe brain excitability, plasticity and cortical networking associated with information processing in the intact human brain. The contributors to this EBook have succeeded in showcasing cutting-edge studies and demonstrate the huge impact of their approaches on many areas in human neuroscience and clinical applications.

Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Higher Neural Functions

Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Higher Neural Functions Book
Author : A. I. Selverston,P. Ascher
Publisher : John Wiley & Son Limited
Release : 1994-06-30
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the remarkable advances made in molecular neurobiology over the last ten years, very little progress has been made towards understanding how the brain performs higher functions: cognition, behavior, learning, and memory. One of the greatest challenges facing modern neurobiology, therefore, is the integration of data that comes from disparate levels of analysis. This volume presents the results of the Dahlem conference convened to address these issues. The purpose of the conference was to bring together brain researchers, who approach their work at different conceptual levels, to consider how their results might be synthesized into a more integrated view of how the brain works. To try and accomplish this, two specific examples were chosen: the modulation of neural circuits and the phenomena of long-term potentiation (LTP). Neuromodulation has been studied from the molecular to the behavioral level with dramatic breakthroughs at the circuit level over the last five years. Due to the possibility that it may be the cellular mechanism for certain types of learning and memory, LTP has also been studied at different levels. To assist in understanding LTP and neuromodulation at the molecular, cellular, circuit, and behavioral levels, the background papers written for the meeting are included in this volume. The conference itself was devoted to discussing LTP and neuromodulation from the perspective of each of the different levels, and the results of these discussions are presented in the group reports. Particular emphasis was given to a consideration of how the rapid progress in molecular and cellular neurobiology can be integrated into systems and behavioral neurobiology. Specific suggestions for future research in both areas were discussed thoroughly. This volume presents what is most probably the most authoritative, up-to-date assessment of LTP and neuromodulation currently available. Goal of this Dahlem Workshop: to apply new cellular and molecular concepts to the understanding of plasticity in synapses, cells, local circuits, and defined systems in the mature brain.

The Journal of Neuroscience

The Journal of Neuroscience Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Journal of Neuroscience book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Synaptic Plasticity Learning and Cortical Dynamics

Synaptic Plasticity  Learning and Cortical Dynamics Book
Author : Yves Fregnac
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Synaptic Plasticity Learning and Cortical Dynamics book written by Yves Fregnac, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Spinal Plasticity of Respiratory Motor Output Following Intermittent Hypoxia

Spinal Plasticity of Respiratory Motor Output Following Intermittent Hypoxia Book
Author : Tracy Lee Baker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Spinal Plasticity of Respiratory Motor Output Following Intermittent Hypoxia book written by Tracy Lee Baker, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.