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Brain Oscillations Synchrony And Plasticity

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Brain Oscillations Synchrony and Plasticity

Brain Oscillations  Synchrony and Plasticity Book
Author : Jos J. Eggermont
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-29
ISBN : 0128198184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity: Basic Principles and Application to Auditory-Related Disorders discusses the role of brain oscillations, especially with respect to the auditory system and how those oscillations are measured, change over the lifespan, and falter leading to a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. The book begins with a description of these cortical rhythm oscillations and how they function in both the normal and pathological brain. It explains how these oscillations are important to auditory, executive and attention brain networks and how they relate to the development, production and deterioration of speech and language. In addition, treatment of malfunctioning cortical rhythms are reviewed using neuromodulation, such as transcranial magnetic, direct current, random noise, and alternating current stimulation, as well as focused ultrasound. The book concludes by describing the potential role of oscillations in dyslexia, autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. Introduces readers to brain imaging methods such as structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, EEG and magnetoencephalography, in the study of brain oscillations, synchrony and networks of the normal and pathological brain Highlights the role of brain oscillations in perception and cognition, in particular with respect to the auditory system, speech and language Describes lifespan changes, from preterm to senescence, of brain oscillations, brain networks and how they relate to the development and deterioration of speech and language Explains the effects of hearing loss on neural network change in the auditory and non-auditory networks such as the default mode-, the salience-, the executive- and attention networks Illustrates the breakdown of network connections in auditory-related disorders such as tinnitus and in psychiatric disorders with a strong auditory, speech and language component

Brain Oscillations Synchrony and Plasticity

Brain Oscillations  Synchrony and Plasticity Book
Author : Jos J. Eggermont
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-11
ISBN : 0128204087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity: Basic Principles and Application to Auditory-Related Disorders discusses the role of brain oscillations, especially with respect to the auditory system and how those oscillations are measured, change over the lifespan, and falter leading to a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. The book begins with a description of these cortical rhythm oscillations and how they function in both the normal and pathological brain. It explains how these oscillations are important to auditory, executive and attention brain networks and how they relate to the development, production and deterioration of speech and language. In addition, treatment of malfunctioning cortical rhythms are reviewed using neuromodulation, such as transcranial magnetic, direct current, random noise, and alternating current stimulation, as well as focused ultrasound. The book concludes by describing the potential role of oscillations in dyslexia, autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease. Introduces readers to brain imaging methods such as structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, EEG and magnetoencephalography, in the study of brain oscillations, synchrony and networks of the normal and pathological brain Highlights the role of brain oscillations in perception and cognition, in particular with respect to the auditory system, speech and language Describes lifespan changes, from preterm to senescence, of brain oscillations, brain networks and how they relate to the development and deterioration of speech and language Explains the effects of hearing loss on neural network change in the auditory and non-auditory networks such as the default mode-, the salience-, the executive- and attention networks Illustrates the breakdown of network connections in auditory-related disorders such as tinnitus and in psychiatric disorders with a strong auditory, speech and language component

The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

The Neuroscience of Tinnitus Book
Author : Jos J. Eggermont
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-05-24
ISBN : 0199605602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tinnitus - the perception of sound in the ear, in the absence of external sound - affects around 250 million people worldwide.The Neuroscience of Tinnitus reviews our current knowledge of the neural substrates of tinnitus. Written by a leading researcher in the field, this is the most comprehensive single-author book on tinnitus available.

Music Training Neural Plasticity and Executive Function

Music Training  Neural Plasticity  and Executive Function Book
Author : Claude Alain,Assal Habibi,Paul J. Colombo
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-10-08
ISBN : 2889660478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This eBook is a collection of articles from a Frontiers Research Topic. Frontiers Research Topics are very popular trademarks of the Frontiers Journals Series: they are collections of at least ten articles, all centered on a particular subject. With their unique mix of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Frontiers Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Find out more on how to host your own Frontiers Research Topic or contribute to one as an author by contacting the Frontiers Editorial Office: frontiersin.org/about/contact.

Rhythms of the Brain

Rhythms of the Brain Book
Author : Gyorgy Buzsaki
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2006-08-03
ISBN : 019804125X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides eloquent support for the idea that spontaneous neuron activity, far from being mere noise, is actually the source of our cognitive abilities. In a sequence of "cycles," György Buzsáki guides the reader from the physics of oscillations through neuronal assembly organization to complex cognitive processing and memory storage. His clear, fluid writing-accessible to any reader with some scientific knowledge-is supplemented by extensive footnotes and references that make it just as gratifying and instructive a read for the specialist. The coherent view of a single author who has been at the forefront of research in this exciting field, this volume is essential reading for anyone interested in our rapidly evolving understanding of the brain.

Tinnitus and Hyperacusis

Tinnitus and Hyperacusis Book
Author : Jos J. Eggermont
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-03-12
ISBN : 0323985262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tinnitus and Hyperacusis: Facts, Theories, and Clinical Implications provides a critical overview of the burgeoning field of research studying the underlying mechanisms and potential treatments for these two disorders. The book begins with an overview of the etiology and genetics behind tinnitus and hyperacusis. The author proposes two parallel neural pathways underlying these conditions and provides a basis for connecting animal research to human research. Neurotransmitters, neuromodulators and immediate early genes are discussed. The book also provides a detailed comparison of about a dozen models aiming at explaining tinnitus and hyperacusis, including the neurophysiological model, the neural synchrony model and the cortical map reorganization and filling-in model. Potential treatments of tinnitus and hyperacusis, from behavioral to non-invasive neuromodulation are discussed. This book is written for clinical neuroscientists, audiologists, neuro-otologists, neurologists and clinical psychologists. Describes etiology and genetics of tinnitus and hyperacusis Compares animal data and human findings in activity of the limbic system Discusses ten models of tinnitus and hyperacusis Presents overview of treatments of behavioral to non-invasive neuromodulation

Pattern Recognition

Pattern Recognition Book
Author : Christian Wallraven,Qingshan Liu,Hajime Nagahara
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-07-01
ISBN : 3031024443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume set LNCS 13188 - 13189 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th Asian Conference on Pattern Recognition, ACPR 2021, held in Jeju Island, South Korea, in November 2021. The 85 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 154 submissions. The papers are organized in topics on: classification, action and video and motion, object detection and anomaly, segmentation, grouping and shape, face and body and biometrics, adversarial learning and networks, computational photography, learning theory and optimization, applications, medical and robotics, computer vision and robot vision.

Slow Brain Oscillations of Sleep Resting State and Vigilance

Slow Brain Oscillations of Sleep  Resting State and Vigilance Book
Author : E J Van Someren,Eus J. W. van Someren
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-13
ISBN : 0444538399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Progress in Brain Research documents research presented at the 26th International Summer School of Brain Research (Amsterdam, Jun/Jul 2010) and looks at how the oscillations that characterize brain activity vary between task performance - the EEG power and performance modulations, rest - the MRI default mode and other networks, and sleep - the cortical slow oscillations. Studies over the past decade indicate that the study of these slow oscillations is essential for our understanding of plasticity, memory, brain structure from synapse to default mode network, cognition, consciousness and ultimately for our understanding of the mechanisms and functions of sleep and vigilance. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Principles of Neural Coding

Principles of Neural Coding Book
Author : Rodrigo Quian Quiroga,Stefano Panzeri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-05-06
ISBN : 1439853304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding how populations of neurons encode information is the challenge faced by researchers in the field of neural coding. Focusing on the many mysteries and marvels of the mind has prompted a prominent team of experts in the field to put their heads together and fire up a book on the subject. Simply titled Principles of Neural Coding, this book covers the complexities of this discipline. It centers on some of the major developments in this area and presents a complete assessment of how neurons in the brain encode information. The book collaborators contribute various chapters that describe results in different systems (visual, auditory, somatosensory perception, etc.) and different species (monkeys, rats, humans, etc). Concentrating on the recording and analysis of the firing of single and multiple neurons, and the analysis and recording of other integrative measures of network activity and network states—such as local field potentials or current source densities—is the basis of the introductory chapters. Provides a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach Describes topics of interest to a wide range of researchers The book then moves forward with the description of the principles of neural coding for different functions and in different species and concludes with theoretical and modeling works describing how information processing functions are implemented. The text not only contains the most important experimental findings, but gives an overview of the main methodological aspects for studying neural coding. In addition, the book describes alternative approaches based on simulations with neural networks and in silico modeling in this highly interdisciplinary topic. It can serve as an important reference to students and professionals.

Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Synaptic Plasticity at Hippocampal and Cortical Synapses

Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Synaptic Plasticity at Hippocampal and Cortical Synapses Book
Author : Roberto De Pasquale,Nathalia Vitureira,Francesco Mattia Rossi,Ricardo M. Leao
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-08-11
ISBN : 2889767590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Synaptic Plasticity at Hippocampal and Cortical Synapses book written by Roberto De Pasquale,Nathalia Vitureira,Francesco Mattia Rossi,Ricardo M. Leao, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Developmental Science Behavior and Genetics

Handbook of Developmental Science  Behavior  and Genetics Book
Author : Kathryn E. Hood,Carolyn Tucker Halpern,Gary Greenberg,Richard M. Lerner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-06-28
ISBN : 1444351680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior, and Genetics brings together the cutting-edge theory, research and methodology that contribute to our current scientific understanding of the role of genetics in the developmental system. • Commemorates the historically important contributions made by Gilbert Gottlieb in comparative psychology and developmental science • Includes an international group of contributors who are among the most respected behavioral and biological scientists working today • Examines the scientific basis for rejecting the reductionism and counterfactual approach to understanding the links between genes, behavior, and development • Documents the current status of comparative psychology and developmental science and provides the foundation for future scientific progress in the field

Spiking Neuron Models

Spiking Neuron Models Book
Author : Wulfram Gerstner,Werner M. Kistler
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2002-08-15
ISBN : 9780521890793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an introduction to spiking neurons for advanced undergraduate or graduate students. It can be used with courses in computational neuroscience, theoretical biology, neural modeling, biophysics, or neural networks. It focuses on phenomenological approaches rather than detailed models in order to provide the reader with a conceptual framework. No prior knowledge beyond undergraduate mathematics is necessary to follow the book. Thus it should appeal to students or researchers in physics, mathematics, or computer science interested in biology; moreover it will also be useful for biologists working in mathematical modeling.

Functional Aspects of Mesoscopic Brain Oscillations Insights From in Vivo and in Vitro Studies

Functional Aspects of Mesoscopic Brain Oscillations  Insights From in Vivo and in Vitro Studies Book
Author : Gürsel Caliskan,Sanja Mikulovic,Gabrielle Girardeau
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-08-01
ISBN : 2889766683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Functional Aspects of Mesoscopic Brain Oscillations Insights From in Vivo and in Vitro Studies book written by Gürsel Caliskan,Sanja Mikulovic,Gabrielle Girardeau, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dendrites

Dendrites Book
Author : Greg Stuart,Nelson Spruston,Michael Häusser
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780198566564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dendrites form the major receiving part of neurons. This text presents a survey of knowledge on dendrites, from their morphology and development, through to their electrical chemical, and computational properties.

Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity Book
Author : Angelo Quartarone,Maria Felice Ghilardi,Francois Boller
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-14
ISBN : 0128194111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroplasticity: From Bench to Bedside, Volume 184 in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, provides a comprehensive multidisciplinary guide to neuroplasticity. Sections summarize the basic mechanisms of neuroplasticity, focus on neuroplasticity in movement disorders, discuss brain oscillations in neurological disorders, segue into plasticity in neurorehabilitation, and cover issues of inflammation and autoimmunity in neuroplasticity. The book concludes with a section on neuroplasticity and psychiatric disorders. Covers basic mechanisms and clinical treatment approaches in neurological disorders Includes inflammation, autoimmunity, genetics, neurophysiology, and more Encompasses stroke, Alzheimer’s, movement and psychiatric disorders Provides tools for enhancing recovery

Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Sleep and Brain Plasticity Book
Author : Pierre Maquet,Carlyle Smith,Robert Stickgold
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2003-06-05
ISBN : 0191587206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sleep has long been a topic of fascination for artists and scientists. Why do we sleep? What function does sleep serve? Why do we dream? What significance can we attach to our dreams? We spend so much of our lives sleeping, yet its precise function is unclear, in spite of our increasing understanding of the processes generating and maintaining sleep. We now know that sleep can be accompanied by periods of intense cerebral activity, yet only recently has experimental data started to provide us with some insights into the type of processing taking place in the brain as we sleep. There is now strong evidence that sleep plays a crucial role in learning and in the consolidation of memories. Once the preserve of psychoanalysts, 'dreaming' is now a topic of increasing interest amongst scientists. With research into sleep growing, this volume is both timely and valuable in presenting a unique study of the relationship between sleep, learning, and memory. It brings together a team of international scientists researching sleep in both human and animal subjects. Aimed at researchers within the fields of neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, psychiatry, and neurology, this book will be an important first step in developing a full scientific understanding of the most intriguing state of consciousness.

The Neocortex

The Neocortex Book
Author : Wolf Singer,Terrence J. Sejnowski,Pasko Rakic
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2019-10-29
ISBN : 0262043246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Experts review the latest research on the neocortex and consider potential directions for future research. Over the past decade, technological advances have dramatically increased information on the structural and functional organization of the brain, especially the cerebral cortex. This explosion of data has radically expanded our ability to characterize neural circuits and intervene at increasingly higher resolutions, but it is unclear how this has informed our understanding of underlying mechanisms and processes. In search of a conceptual framework to guide future research, leading researchers address in this volume the evolution and ontogenetic development of cortical structures, the cortical connectome, and functional properties of neuronal circuits and populations. They explore what constitutes “uniquely human” mental capacities and whether neural solutions and computations can be shared across species or repurposed for potentially uniquely human capacities. Contributors Danielle S. Bassett, Randy M. Bruno, Elizabeth A. Buffalo, Michael E. Coulter, Hermann Cuntz, Stanislas Dehaene, James J. DiCarlo, Pascal Fries, Karl J. Friston, Asif A. Ghazanfar, Anne-Lise Giraud, Joshua I. Gold, Scott T. Grafton, Jennifer M. Groh, Elizabeth A. Grove, Saskia Haegens, Kenneth D. Harris, Kristen M. Harris, Nicholas G. Hatsopoulos, Tarik F. Haydar, Takao K. Hensch, Wieland B. Huttner, Matthias Kaschube, Gilles Laurent, David A. Leopold, Johannes Leugering, Belen Lorente-Galdos, Jason N. MacLean, David A. McCormick, Lucia Melloni, Anish Mitra, Zoltán Molnár, Sydney K. Muchnik, Pascal Nieters, Marcel Oberlaender, Bijan Pesaran, Christopher I. Petkov, Gordon Pipa, David Poeppel, Marcus E. Raichle, Pasko Rakic, John H. Reynolds, Ryan V. Raut, John L. Rubenstein, Andrew B. Schwartz, Terrence J. Sejnowski, Nenad Sestan, Debra L. Silver, Wolf Singer, Peter L. Strick, Michael P. Stryker, Mriganka Sur, Mary Elizabeth Sutherland, Maria Antonietta Tosches, William A. Tyler, Martin Vinck, Christopher A. Walsh, Perry Zurn

Encyclopedia of Perception

Encyclopedia of Perception Book
Author : E. Bruce Goldstein
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2009-09-15
ISBN : 1506332730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of perception is devoted to explaining the operation of the senses and the experiences and behaviors resulting from stimulation of the senses. Perceptual processes such as recognizing faces, seeing color, hearing music, and feeling pain represent the actions of complex mechanisms, yet we usually do them easily. The Encyclopedia of Perception presents a comprehensive overview of the field of perception through authoritative essays written by leading researchers and theoreticians in psychology, the cognitive sciences, neuroscience, and medical disciplines. It presents two parallel and interacting approaches: the psychophysical, or determining the relationship between stimuli in the environment and perception, and the physiological, or locating the biological systems responsible for perception. Are there any processes not associated with perception? Surely there are, but the pervasiveness of perception is truly impressive, and the phenomena of perception and its mechanisms are what this encyclopedia is about. Key Features Contains 16 pages of color illustration and photography to accompany the entries Offers a varied and broad list of topics, including basic research as well as methodologies, theoretical approaches, and real-world applications of perceptual research Emphasizes human perception but includes ample research because of its importance in its own right and because of what this research tells us about human perception Written by recognized experts from many disciplines but for an audience with no previous background in perception—students and members of the general public alike Key Themes Action Attention Audition Chemical Senses Cognition and Perception Computers and Perception Consciousness Disorders of Perception Illusory Perceptions Individual Differences (Human) and Comparative (Across Species; Not Including Ageing, Disorders, and Perceptual Development) Methods Perceptual Development/Experience Philosophical Approaches Physiological Processes Sense Interaction Skin and Body Senses Theoretical Approaches Visual Perception

Cognitive Plasticity in Neurologic Disorders

Cognitive Plasticity in Neurologic Disorders Book
Author : Joseph I. Tracy,Benjamin M. Hampstead,K. Sathian
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2014-12-02
ISBN : 0199965242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume makes clear that the cognitive and behavioural symptoms of neurologic disorders and syndromes are dynamic and changing. Each chapter describes the neuroplastic processes at work in a particular condition, giving rise to these ongoing cognitive changes.

Brain Oscillations in Human Communication

Brain Oscillations in Human Communication Book
Author : Anne Keitel,Johanna Rimmele,Sophie Molholm,Joachim Gross
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-04-20
ISBN : 2889454584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain oscillations, or neural rhythms, reflect widespread functional connections between large-scale neural networks, as well as within cortical networks. As such they have been related to many aspects of human behaviour. An increasing number of studies have demonstrated the role of brain oscillations at distinct frequency bands in cognitive, sensory and motor tasks. Consequentially, those rhythms also affect diverse aspects of human communication. On the one hand, this comprises verbal communication; a field where the understanding of neural mechanisms has seen huge advances in recent years. Speech is inherently organised in a rhythmic manner. For example, time scales of phonemes and syllables, but also formal prosodic aspects such as intonation and stress, fall into distinct frequency bands. Likewise, neural rhythms in the brain play a role in speech segmentation and coding of continuous speech at multiple time scales, as well as in the production of speech. On the other hand, human communication involves widespread and diverse nonverbal aspects where the role of neural rhythms is far less understood. This can be the enhancement of speech processing through visual signals, thought to be guided via brain oscillations, or the conveying of emotion, which results in differential rhythmic modulations in the observer. Additionally, body movements and gestures often have a communicative purpose and are known to modulate sensorimotor rhythms in the observer. This Research Topic of Frontiers in Human Neuroscience highlights the diverse aspects of human communication that are shaped by rhythmic activity in the brain. Relevant contributions are presented from various fields including cognitive and social neuroscience, neuropsychiatry, and methodology. As such they provide important new insights into verbal and non-verbal communication, pathological changes, and methodological innovations.