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Brain Computer Interfacing For Assistive Robotics

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Brain Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics

Brain Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics Book
Author : Vaibhav Gandhi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-09-24
ISBN : 9780128015438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology provides a means of communication that allows individuals with severely impaired movement to communicate with assistive devices using the electroencephalogram (EEG) or other brain signals. The practicality of a BCI has been possible due to advances in multi-disciplinary areas of research related to cognitive neuroscience, brain-imaging techniques and human-computer interfaces. However, two major challenges remain in making BCI for assistive robotics practical for day-to-day use: the inherent lower bandwidth of BCI, and how to best handle the unknown embedded noise within the raw EEG. Brain-Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics is a result of research focusing on these important aspects of BCI for real-time assistive robotic application. It details the fundamental issues related to non-stationary EEG signal processing (filtering) and the need of an alternative approach for the same. Additionally, the book also discusses techniques for overcoming lower bandwidth of BCIs by designing novel use-centric graphical user interfaces. A detailed investigation into both these approaches is discussed. An innovative reference on the brain-computer interface (BCI) and its utility in computational neuroscience and assistive robotics Written for mature and early stage researchers, postgraduate and doctoral students, and computational neuroscientists, this book is a novel guide to the fundamentals of quantum mechanics for BCI Full-colour text that focuses on brain-computer interfacing for real-time assistive robotic application and details the fundamental issues related with signal processing and the need for alternative approaches A detailed introduction as well as an in-depth analysis of challenges and issues in developing practical brain-computer interfaces.

Brain Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics

Brain Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics Book
Author : Vaibhav Gandhi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-09-24
ISBN : 012801587X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology provides a means of communication that allows individuals with severely impaired movement to communicate with assistive devices using the electroencephalogram (EEG) or other brain signals. The practicality of a BCI has been possible due to advances in multi-disciplinary areas of research related to cognitive neuroscience, brain-imaging techniques and human-computer interfaces. However, two major challenges remain in making BCI for assistive robotics practical for day-to-day use: the inherent lower bandwidth of BCI, and how to best handle the unknown embedded noise within the raw EEG. Brain-Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics is a result of research focusing on these important aspects of BCI for real-time assistive robotic application. It details the fundamental issues related to non-stationary EEG signal processing (filtering) and the need of an alternative approach for the same. Additionally, the book also discusses techniques for overcoming lower bandwidth of BCIs by designing novel use-centric graphical user interfaces. A detailed investigation into both these approaches is discussed. An innovative reference on the brain-computer interface (BCI) and its utility in computational neuroscience and assistive robotics Written for mature and early stage researchers, postgraduate and doctoral students, and computational neuroscientists, this book is a novel guide to the fundamentals of quantum mechanics for BCI Full-colour text that focuses on brain-computer interfacing for real-time assistive robotic application and details the fundamental issues related with signal processing and the need for alternative approaches A detailed introduction as well as an in-depth analysis of challenges and issues in developing practical brain-computer interfaces.

Smart Wheelchairs and Brain computer Interfaces

Smart Wheelchairs and Brain computer Interfaces Book
Author : Pablo Diez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05-29
ISBN : 0128128933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Wheelchairs and Brain-Computer Interfaces: Mobile Assistive Technologies combines the fields of neuroscience, rehabilitation and robotics via contributions from experts in their field to help readers develop new mobile assistive technologies. It provides information on robotics, control algorithm design for mobile robotics systems, ultrasonic and laser sensors for measurement and trajectory planning, and is ideal for researchers in BCI. A full view of this new field is presented, giving readers the current research in the field of smart wheelchairs, potential control mechanisms and human interfaces that covers mobility, particularly powered mobility, smart wheelchairs, particularly sensors, control mechanisms, and human interfaces. Presents the first book that combines BCI and mobile robotics Focuses on fundamentals and developments in assistive robotic devices which are commanded by alternative ways, such as the brain Provides an overview of the technologies that are already available to support research and the development of new products

Machine Learning Techniques for Assistive Robotics

Machine Learning Techniques for Assistive Robotics Book
Author : Miguel Angel Cazorla Quevedo ,Sergio Orts-Escolano ,Ester Martinez-Martin
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 3039363387
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assistive robots are categorized as robots that share their area of work and interact with humans. Their main goals are to help, assist, and monitor humans, especially people with disabilities. To achieve these goals, it is necessary that these robots possess a series of characteristics, namely the abilities to perceive their environment from their sensors and act consequently, to interact with people in a multimodal manner, and to navigate and make decisions autonomously. This complexity demands computationally expensive algorithms to be performed in real time. The advent of high-end embedded processors has enabled several such algorithms to be processed concurrently and in real time. All these capabilities involve, to a greater or less extent, the use of machine learning techniques. In particular, in the last few years, new deep learning techniques have enabled a very important qualitative leap in different problems related to perception, navigation, and human understanding. In this Special Issue, several works are presented involving the use of machine learning techniques for assistive technologies, in particular for assistive robots.

Intelligent Assistive Robots

Intelligent Assistive Robots Book
Author : Samer Mohammed,Juan C. Moreno,Kyoungchul Kong,Yacine Amirat
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-26
ISBN : 3319129228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the growing challenges of using assistive robots in our everyday activities along with providing intelligent assistive services. The presented applications concern mainly healthcare and wellness such as helping elderly people, assisting dependent persons, habitat monitoring in smart environments, well-being, security, etc. These applications reveal also new challenges regarding control theory, mechanical design, mechatronics, portability, acceptability, scalability, security, etc.

Developing an Optical Brain Computer Interface for Robot Control

Developing an Optical Brain Computer Interface for Robot Control Book
Author : Alyssa Marie Batula
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ability to direct a robot using only human thoughts could provide a powerful mechanism for human-robot interaction with a wide range of potential applications including medical robotics, search-and-rescue operations, and industrial manufacturing. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are systems that allow the user to control a computer with only their thoughts, providing a promising research area for new methods of robotic control. They could be used to control the navigation of a robotic wheelchair, an assistive or telepresence robot that performs errands, or even the movement of a prosthetic limb. In this work I present the design and evaluation of the first BCI to use four imagined movements recorded via functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to control both a virtual and a physical robot. The BCI is used to navigate the robot to a goal location in a room, a prototype and initial step towards remote control of a telepresence or assistive robot. Four imagined movement tasks (tapping of the left hand, right hand, left foot, and right foot) are mapped to high-level commands (turn left, turn right, walk forwards, walk backwards) to direct the robot. The ability to reliably distinguish multiple mental tasks is essential for use in a practical BCI. In an offline analysis I compare the activation patterns generated during both motor imagery and motor execution (actual movement). This is the first analysis of the activation patterns recorded via fNIRS separately for left and right foot motor imagery tasks. Signal processing, feature extraction, and machine learning methods are integral parts of BCI design. In an additional offline analysis I compare classification results using eight methods of signal preprocessing that have been suggested for use in fNIRS BCIs. I also provide comparisons of two commonly-used classifiers in BCIs as well as feed-forward and convolutional neural networks. Additionally I present the results of a five-class classification task, adding a resting state to the four motor imagery tasks, which could potentially increase the number of inputs available to the BCI.

Brain Computer Interface Research

Brain Computer Interface Research Book
Author : Christoph Guger,Gernot Müller-Putz,Brendan Allison
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-12
ISBN : 3319251902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes ten of the most promising brain-computer-interface (BCI) projects to have emerged in recent years. BCI research is developing quickly, with many new ideas, research groups, and improved technologies. BCIs enable people to communicate just by thinking – without any movement at all. Several different groups have helped severely disabled users communicate with BCIs, and BCI technology is also being extended to facilitate recovery from stroke, epilepsy, and other conditions. Each year, hundreds of the top BCI scientists, engineers, doctors, and other visionaries compete for the most prestigious honor in the BCI research community: the annual BCI Award. The 2014 BCI Award competition was again competitive, with 69 research groups vying for a nomination. This book summarizes the 2014 BCI Award, including the ten projects that were nominated, the winner, and analyses and discussions of the submitted projects and how they reflect general trends in BCI development. Each of these ten groups provides a chapter summarizing their nominated project, including an introduction, description of methods, results, and newer work completed after the project was submitted. Hence, this book provides a cutting-edge overview of the newest BCI research trends, from top groups, in an easy to read format with numerous supporting pictures, graphs, and figures.

Introduction to Non Invasive EEG Based Brain Computer Interfaces for Assistive Technologies

Introduction to Non Invasive EEG Based Brain Computer Interfaces for Assistive Technologies Book
Author : Teodiano Freire Bastos-Filho
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-23
ISBN : 1000090728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to bring to the reader an overview of different applications of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) based on more than 20 years of experience working on these interfaces. The author provides a review of the human brain and EEG signals, describing the human brain, anatomically and physiologically, with the objective of showing some of the patterns of EEG (electroencephalogram) signals used to control BCIs. It then introduces BCIs and different applications, such as a BCI based on ERD/ERS Patterns in α rhythms (used to command a robotic wheelchair with an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system onboard it); a BCI based on dependent-SSVEP to command the same robotic wheelchair; a BCI based on SSVEP to command a telepresence robot and its onboard AAC system; a BCI based on SSVEP to command an autonomous car; a BCI based on independent-SSVEP (using Depth-of-Field) to command the same robotic wheelchair; the use of compressive technique in SSVEP-based BCI; a BCI based on motor imagery (using different techniques) to command a robotic monocycle and a robotic exoskeleton; and the first steps to build a neurorehabilitation system based on motor imagery of pedalling together an in immersive virtual environment. This book is intended for researchers, professionals and students working on assistive technology.

Brain Computer Interfaces

Brain Computer Interfaces Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-10
ISBN : 0444639330
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain-Computer Interfacing, Volume 168, not only gives readers a clear understanding of what BCI science is currently offering, but also describes future expectations for restoring lost brain function in patients. In-depth technological chapters are aimed at those interested in BCI technologies and the nature of brain signals, while more comprehensive summaries are provided in the more applied chapters. Readers will be able to grasp BCI concepts, understand what needs the technologies can meet, and provide an informed opinion on BCI science. Explores how many different causes of disability have similar functional consequences (loss of mobility, communication etc.) Addresses how BCI can be of use Presents a multidisciplinary review of BCI technologies and the opportunities they provide for people in need of a new kind of prosthetic Offers a comprehensive, multidisciplinary review of BCI for researchers in neuroscience and traumatic brain injury that is also ideal for clinicians in neurology and neurosurgery

Introduction to Non Invasive EEG Based Brain Computer Interfaces for Assistive Technologies

Introduction to Non Invasive EEG Based Brain Computer Interfaces for Assistive Technologies Book
Author : Teodiano Freire Bastos-Filho
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-08
ISBN : 1000090760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to bring to the reader an overview of different applications of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) based on more than 20 years of experience working on these interfaces. The author provides a review of the human brain and EEG signals, describing the human brain, anatomically and physiologically, with the objective of showing some of the patterns of EEG (electroencephalogram) signals used to control BCIs. It then introduces BCIs and different applications, such as a BCI based on ERD/ERS Patterns in α rhythms (used to command a robotic wheelchair with an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system onboard it); a BCI based on dependent-SSVEP to command the same robotic wheelchair; a BCI based on SSVEP to command a telepresence robot and its onboard AAC system; a BCI based on SSVEP to command an autonomous car; a BCI based on independent-SSVEP (using Depth-of-Field) to command the same robotic wheelchair; the use of compressive technique in SSVEP-based BCI; a BCI based on motor imagery (using different techniques) to command a robotic monocycle and a robotic exoskeleton; and the first steps to build a neurorehabilitation system based on motor imagery of pedalling together an in immersive virtual environment. This book is intended for researchers, professionals and students working on assistive technology.

Brain Computer Interfaces

Brain Computer Interfaces Book
Author : Theodore W. Berger,John K. Chapin,Greg A. Gerhardt,Dennis J. McFarland,Jose C. Principe,Walid V. Soussou,Dawn M. Taylor,Patrick A. Tresco
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-09-18
ISBN : 1402087055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We have come to know that our ability to survive and grow as a nation to a very large degree depends upon our scientific progress. Moreover, it is not enough simply to keep 1 abreast of the rest of the world in scientific matters. We must maintain our leadership. President Harry Truman spoke those words in 1950, in the aftermath of World War II and in the midst of the Cold War. Indeed, the scientific and engineering leadership of the United States and its allies in the twentieth century played key roles in the successful outcomes of both World War II and the Cold War, sparing the world the twin horrors of fascism and totalitarian communism, and fueling the economic prosperity that followed. Today, as the United States and its allies once again find themselves at war, President Truman’s words ring as true as they did a half-century ago. The goal set out in the Truman Administration of maintaining leadership in science has remained the policy of the U. S. Government to this day: Dr. John Marburger, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President, made remarks to that effect during his 2 confirmation hearings in October 2001. The United States needs metrics for measuring its success in meeting this goal of maintaining leadership in science and technology. That is one of the reasons that the National Science Foundation (NSF) and many other agencies of the U. S.

Assistive Robotic Grasping

Assistive Robotic Grasping Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis describes contributions towards the implementation of Human-in-the-Loop (HitL) grasping for assistive robotics, with a particular focus on low throughput, high noise interfaces such as electroencephalography (EEG) or electromyography (EMG) brain-computer interface(BCI) devices in natural environments. Although progress in the robotics field has been swift, it is unlikely that truly independent operation of robots in situations where they will interact closely with objects, obstacles, and perhaps even other people in their environment will evolve in the immediate future. However, with the help of a human operator, it is possible to achieve robust, safe operation in complex environments. This work describes a system that can accomplish this with minimal interfaces that are accessible even to individuals with impairments, which will enable the development of more capable assistive devices for these individuals. Grasping an object generally requires contextual knowledge of the object and the intent of the user.

Advanced Human Robot Collaboration in Manufacturing

Advanced Human   Robot Collaboration in Manufacturing Book
Author : Lihui Wang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 3030691780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advanced Human Robot Collaboration in Manufacturing book written by Lihui Wang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Modeling for Bio Inspired Robotics

Human Modeling for Bio Inspired Robotics Book
Author : Jun Ueda,Yuichi Kurita
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-02
ISBN : 0128031522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Modelling for Bio-inspired Robotics: Mechanical Engineering in Assistive Technologies presents the most cutting-edge research outcomes in the area of mechanical and control aspects of human functions for macro-scale (human size) applications. Intended to provide researchers both in academia and industry with key content on which to base their developments, this book is organized and written by senior experts in their fields. Human Modeling for Bio-Inspired Robotics: Mechanical Engineering in Assistive Technologies offers a system-level investigation into human mechanisms that inspire the development of assistive technologies and humanoid robotics, including topics in modelling of anatomical, musculoskeletal, neural and cognitive systems, as well as motor skills, adaptation and integration. Each chapter is written by a subject expert and discusses its background, research challenges, key outcomes, application, and future trends. This book will be especially useful for academic and industry researchers in this exciting field, as well as graduate-level students to bring them up to speed with the latest technology in mechanical design and control aspects of the area. Previous knowledge of the fundamentals of kinematics, dynamics, control, and signal processing is assumed. Presents the most recent research outcomes in the area of mechanical and control aspects of human functions for macro-scale (human size) applications Covers background information and fundamental concepts of human modelling Includes modelling of anatomical, musculoskeletal, neural and cognitive systems, as well as motor skills, adaptation, integration, and safety issues Assumes previous knowledge of the fundamentals of kinematics, dynamics, control, and signal processing

Brain Computer Interfaces Handbook

Brain   Computer Interfaces Handbook Book
Author : Chang S. Nam,Anton Nijholt,Fabien Lotte
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 1351231936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook is a valuable resource to anyone involved with improvement of people's lives by replacing, restoring, supplementing and improving motor action, and understanding the neural bases of such functions. While there are several other resources available, there is no handbook such as this one. This handbook addresses the recent and rapid changes in the field of braincomputer interfaces (BCIs). Due to these changes interest in BCI has grown enormously, including interest from computer science researchers with a background in computational intelligence, human-computer interaction, and researchers in entertainment technology.

Mapping Human Sensory Motor Skills for Manipulation onto the Design and Control of Robots

Mapping Human Sensory Motor Skills for Manipulation onto the Design and Control of Robots Book
Author : Matteo Bianchi,Gionata Salvietti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-03-25
ISBN : 2889457958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Humans are endowed with extraordinary sensory-motor capabilities that enable a successful interaction with and exploration of the environment, as is the case of human manipulation. Understanding and modeling these capabilities represents an important topic not only for neuroscience but also for robotics in a mutual inspiration, both to inform the design and control of artificial systems and, at the same time, to increase knowledge on the biological side. Within this context, synergies -- i.e., goal-directed actions that constrain multi DOFs of the human body and can be defined at the kinematic, muscular, neural level -- have gained increasing attention as a general simplified approach to shape the development of simple and effective artificial devices. The execution of such purposeful sensory-motor primitives on the biological side leverages on the interplay of the sensory-motor control at central and peripheral level, and the interaction of the human body with the external world. This interaction is particularly important considering the new concept of robotic soft manipulation, i.e. soft, adaptable yet robust robotic hands that can deform with the external environment to multiply their grasping and manipulation capabilities. Under this regard, a preeminent role is reserved to touch, being that skin isour primary organ to shape our knowledge of the external world and, hence, to modify it, in interaction with the efferent parts. This Research Topic reports results on the mutual inspiration between neuroscience and robotics, and on how it is possible to translate neuroscientific findings on human manipulation into engineering guidelines for simplified systems able to take full advantage from the interaction and hence exploitation of environmental constraints for task accomplishment and knowledge acquisition.

Brain Machine Interfaces for Assistance and Rehabilitation of People with Reduced Mobility

Brain Machine Interfaces for Assistance and Rehabilitation of People with Reduced Mobility Book
Author : Enrique Hortal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-25
ISBN : 3319957058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reports on the development of different control tools for Brain-machine interface-based assistance and rehabilitation. Brain activity is analyzed with the purpose of classify mental tasks and detecting movement intentions in patients with impaired motility. Event-Related Desynchronization (ERD) and Event-Related Synchronization (ERS) are detected. Throughout this book, different control systems are presented and validated. This thesis, examined at the Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Spain, in 2016, received the award for best thesis in bioengineering from the Bioengineering group of the Spanish Committee of Automatic Control (CEA) in 2017.

A Brain Robot Interface for Autonomous Activities of Daily Living Tasks

A Brain Robot Interface for Autonomous Activities of Daily Living Tasks Book
Author : Don Indika Upashantha Pathirage
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oddball paradigm and P300 Event Related Potentials (ERP) are used to select stimuli, where the stimuli being each cell in the grid. Once selected, object segmentation and matching is used to identify the object. Then the user, using BRI, chooses an action to be performed on the object by the wheelchair mounted robotic arm (WMRA). Tests on 8 healthy human subjects validated the functionality of the system. An average accuracy of 85.56% was achieved for stimuli selection over all subjects. With the proposed system, it took the users an average of 5 commands to perform a task on an object. The system will eventually be useful for completely paralyzed or locked-in patients for performing activities of daily living (ADL) tasks.

Assistance Robotics and Biosensors

Assistance Robotics and Biosensors Book
Author : Fernando Torres,Santiago Puente,Andrés Ubeda
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 3038973947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Assistance Robotics and Biosensors" that was published in Sensors

Toward Brain computer Interfacing

Toward Brain computer Interfacing Book
Author : Guido Dornhege
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0262042444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The latest research in the development of technologies that will allow humans tocommunicate, using brain signals only, with computers, wheelchairs, prostheses, and otherdevices.