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Bones and Cartilage

Bones and Cartilage Book
Author : Brian K. Hall
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-12-23
ISBN : 0124166857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bones and Cartilage provides the most in-depth review and synthesis assembled on the topic, across all vertebrates. It examines the function, development and evolution of bone and cartilage as tissues, organs and skeletal systems. It describes how bone and cartilage develop in embryos and are maintained in adults, how bone is repaired when we break a leg, or regenerates when a newt grows a new limb, or a lizard a new tail. The second edition of Bones and Cartilage includes the most recent knowledge of molecular, cellular, developmental and evolutionary processes, which are integrated to outline a unified discipline of developmental and evolutionary skeletal biology. Additionally, coverage includes how the molecular and cellular aspects of bones and cartilage differ in different skeletal systems and across species, along with the latest studies and hypotheses of relationships between skeletal cells and the most recent information on coupling between osteocytes and osteoclasts All chapters have been revised and updated to include the latest research. Offers complete coverage of every aspect of bone and cartilage, with updated references and extensive illustrations Integrates development and evolution of the skeleton, as well a synthesis of differentiation, growth and patterning Treats all levels from molecular to clinical, embryos to evolution, and covers all vertebrates as well as invertebrate cartilages Includes new chapters on evolutionary skeletal biology that highlight normal variation and variability, and variation outside the norm (neomorphs, atavisms) Updates hypotheses on the origination of cartilage using new phylogenetic, cellular and genetic data Covers stem cells in embryos and adults, including mesenchymal stem cells and their use in genetic engineering of cartilage, and the concept of the stem cell niche

A Tissue Regeneration Approach to Bone and Cartilage Repair

A Tissue Regeneration Approach to Bone and Cartilage Repair Book
Author : Hala Zreiqat,Colin R. Dunstan,Vicki Rosen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-05
ISBN : 3319132660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviewing exhaustively the current state of the art of tissue engineering strategies for regenerating bones and joints through the use of biomaterials, growth factors and stem cells, along with an investigation of the interactions between biomaterials, bone cells, growth factors and added stem cells and how together skeletal tissues can be optimised, this book serves to highlight the importance of biomaterials composition, surface topography, architectural and mechanical properties in providing support for tissue regeneration. Maximizing reader insights into the importance of the interplay of these attributes with bone cells (osteoblasts, osteocytes and osteoclasts) and cartilage cells (chondrocytes), this book also provides a detailed reference as to how key signalling pathways are activated. The contribution of growth factors to drive tissue regeneration and stem cell recruitment is discussed along with a review the potential and challenges of adult or embryonic mesenchymal stem cells to further enhance the formation of new bone and cartilage tissues. This book serves to demonstrate the interconnectedness of biomaterials, bone/cartilage cells, growth factors and stem cells in determining the regenerative process and thus the clinical outcome.

Bones and Cartilage

Bones and Cartilage Book
Author : Brian Keith Hall
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780123190604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book concerns itself with how bones and cartilages - as tissues, organs and organ systems - are made and have evolved. The author is a world leader in studies of the development and evolution of the skeleton and skeletal tissues and in the new field of evolutionary developmental biology.

Dynamics of Bone and Cartilage Metabolism

Dynamics of Bone and Cartilage Metabolism Book
Author : Markus J. Seibel,Simon P. Robins,John P. Bilezikian
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-07-24
ISBN : 9780080456263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This updated edition is a comprehensive treatise that spans the complete range of basic biochemistry of bone and cartilage components to the clinical evaluation of disease markers in bone and joint disorders. With contributions from over 75 international experts, Dynamics of Bone and Cartilage Metabolism, Second Edition, is indispensable reading for those involved in skeletal research as well as for rheumatologists, endocrinologists, clinical biochemists, and other clinical disciplines participating in the management of patients with bone and cartilage diseases. Part I provides an up-to-date account of current knowledge of the structure, biosynthesis and molecular biology of the major tissue components Part II covers the organizational structure and cellular metabolism of bone and cartilage Part III deals with the utility of components specific to bone and cartilage as biomarkers of health and disease

Ultrastructure of Skeletal Tissues

Ultrastructure of Skeletal Tissues Book
Author : E. Bonucci,P. Motta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461314879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The calcified tissues have fundamental functions in the biology of organisms, not only because their strength, solidity, and elasticity permit movement and mechanical activities, and protect soft tissues against traumatic forces, but also on account of their role in mineral homeostasis. For this reason, extensive investigation in the last 30 years has provided much to explain the complex chemical and physical processes occurring in cells and matrices composing the skeleton, and their alterations in pathological conditions. The use of ultrastructural methods such as immunocytochemistry, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, cytoautoradiography, freeze/fracture etching, high voltage, etc. has proven to be of great value when applied to cells and matrix components of bone and cartilage, in spite of the technical difficulties due to the hardness of these tissues. However, available information on this subject is disseminated in a variety of scientific and medical articles. This volume is an attempt to collect together the most significant data on the ultrastructure of cartilage and bone in normalcy and pathology. Obviously, it cannot be a complete report of all these data, its principal aim being that of: a) giving a comprehensive statement of the results concerning the basic structures common to these tissues, especially collagen fibrils, noncollagenous proteins, and proteoglycans, and their relationships with the mineral substance (for which another volume of this series can also be consulted; see Ruggeri A. , Motta P. M. (eds.

Bones

Bones Book
Author : John Joseph Pritchard
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bones book written by John Joseph Pritchard, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bone and Cartilage Engineering

Bone and Cartilage Engineering Book
Author : Ulrich Meyer,Hans Peter Wiesmann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-08-02
ISBN : 3540336060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bone and Cartilage Engineering provides a complete overview of recent knowledge in bone and cartilage tissue engineering. It follows a logical approach to the various aspects of extracorporal bone and cartilage tissue engineering. The cooperation between a basic scientist and a clinician made it possible to structure the book's content and style according to the interdisciplinary character of the field. The comprehensive nature of the book, including detailed descriptions of laboratory procedures, preclinical approaches, clinical applications, and regulatory issues, will make it an invaluable basis for everyone working in this field. This book will serve as a fundamental tool for basic researchers to establish or refine tissue engineering techniques as well as for clinicians to understand and use this modern therapeutic option.

Bones and Cartilage

Bones and Cartilage Book
Author : Bobo's Children Activity Books
Publisher : Bobo's Children Activity Books
Release : 2016-07-06
ISBN : 9781683275251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Let's learn about the human body's skeletal system through this smart activity book. Here, you will be working with actual pictures instead of just reading texts. This means that learning becomes an experience that will create imprints in the mind. Get started on coloring! Grab a copy of this coloring book today!

Bone and Cartilage

Bone and Cartilage Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bone and Cartilage book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Skeletal Function and Form

Skeletal Function and Form Book
Author : Dennis R. Carter,Gary S. Beaupré
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-08-25
ISBN : 9780521714754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intimate relationship between form and function inherent in the design of animals is perhaps nowhere more evident than in the musculoskeletal system. In the bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and muscles of all vertebrates there is a graceful and efficient physical order. This book is about how function determines form. It addresses the role of mechanical factors in the development, adaptation, maintenance, ageing and repair of skeletal tissues. The authors refer to this process as mechanobiology and develop their theme within an evolutionary framework. They show how the normal development of skeletal tissues is influenced by mechanical stimulation beginning in the embryo and continuing throughout life into old age. They also show how degenerative disorders such as arthritis and osteoporosis are regulated by the same mechanical processes that influence development and growth. Skeletal Function and Form bridges important gaps among disciplines, providing a common ground for understanding, and will appeal to a wide audience of bioengineers, zoologists, anthropologists, palaeontologists and orthopaedists.

Bones

Bones Book
Author : P. D. F. Murray
Publisher : CUP Archive
Release : 1985-07-18
ISBN : 9780521315494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bones was originally published in 1936 and is still essential reading for anyone entering bone research. A classic in the field of skeletal development, biology, anatomy and anthropology, the book sets out in clear and lucid prose the experimental basis for our current notions on how intrinsic and extrinsic (largely mechanical) factors interact in initiating differentiation of cartilage and bone, in shaping the skeleton and in regulating its growth. It established the skeleton as a dynamic, responsive system of tissues, not just inert bones. The present edition, in the Cambridge Science Classics Series, includes an introductory essay by Professor B.K. Hall, who was the last of Professor Murray's Ph.D. students and who is himself distinguished for his work in the area. Brian Hall provides an overview of research during the half-century since Bones was first published, on major topics covered in the book - the origin of skeletal cells, cartilage morphogenesis, the formation of joints, the trajectory theory and bone structure, growth of cartilage and bone.

Your Skeletal System

Your Skeletal System Book
Author : Caroline Arnold
Publisher : Lerner Publications ™
Release : 2017-08-01
ISBN : 1541505751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The skeletal system is made up of about two hundred and six bones. But what exactly is a bone? And how do bones help your body function? Explore the skeletal system in this engaging and informative book.

Bones and Joints E book

Bones and Joints   E book Book
Author : Chris Gunn
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2011-12-01
ISBN : 0702049468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a clear, concise introduction to the subject which covers all the major bones and joints in the body in a logical and systematic way to aid understanding. The three generic chapters at the start of the book, covering an overview of bone, joints and pathology, provide the basic information required to ensure that the student is able to gain the most benefit from the subsequent area-specific chapters. The text is written in note form and the drawings are as clear and simple as possible so that they can be easily reproduced by students. In this edition a number of the radiographic images have been improved and replaced and the number of imaging techniques has increased by including PET and SPECT images New to this edition Improved clarity of the joint images A number of new radiographic images Insight Boxes Inclusion of PET and SPECT colour images Bones and Joints may be used as part of a self-directed learning programme by students examining and studying the real bones of the skeleton along with the images. It can also be used as part of a revision programme or as a reference text. It is aimed at all health care students who needs a good understanding of the skeletal system.

Bone and Cartilage Regeneration

Bone and Cartilage Regeneration Book
Author : Phuc Van Pham
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-01-24
ISBN : 3319401440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This invaluable resource discusses clinical applications with effects and side-effects of applications of stem cells in bone and cartilage regeneration. Each chapter is contributed by a pre-eminent scientist in the field and covers such topics as skeletal regeneration by mesenchymal stem cells, clinical improvement of mesenchymal stem cell injection in injured cartilage and osteoarthritis, Good manufacturing practice (GMP), minimal critera of stem cells for clinical applications, future directions of the discussed therapies and much more. Bone & Cartilage Regeneration and the other books in the Stem Cells in Clinical Applications series will be invaluable to scientists, researchers, advanced students and clinicians working in stem cells, regenerative medicine or tissue engineering.

Tool Marks in Bones and Cartilage

Tool Marks in Bones and Cartilage Book
Author : W. Bonte
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tool mark examinations hold an eminent place in criminal routine work. Since the fundamental treatises of Kockel [1-3], the examination technique has continually been improved and extended to numerous methods of criminal investigation. Thomas [4] has given a fascinating survey of this development and has listed a series of notable authors. Further important publications are those by Mezger et al [5], Burd and Kirk [6], Burd and Greene [7-9], Flynn [10], Biasotti [11], Burd and Gilmore [12], Rees and Cundy [13], and, in German publications, by Mezger et al [14,15], Nippe [16], Specht [17,18], Bessemans [19], Angermayer et al [20], Winkler [21], Katona [22], and Hantsche and Schwarz [23].

Endocrine Control of Skeletal Maturation

Endocrine Control of Skeletal Maturation Book
Author : Z. Hochberg
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2002-01-01
ISBN : 3805573138
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a common concept 'bone age' is felt to be an expression of the biological maturity of a child. Inferring from bone maturity, the clinician can contemplate diagnostic considerations and evaluate height prediction. A radiogram of the hand and wrist may provide additional information that is not being evaluated by reading of a 'bone age'. Although it reveals only calcified elements it provides a glimpse into a whole variety of processes in bone and cartilage growth, differentiation and calcification which, in turn, are regulated by control mechanisms. Thyroid hormones, sex steroids, calcium regulating hormones are but a few of these control mechanisms, and their effect may become evident when radiograms are carefully examined. This book illustrates how to interpret the biological mechanisms of growth from hand and wrist x-rays reviewing at the same time the anatomical and histological maturation of long bones and cuboid bones. It summarizes the endocrine regulation of these maturational processes and attempts to uncover endocrine functions and malfunctions as they unfold in the radiogram. The presently used methods of skeletal maturity assessment are outlined and reiterated, while some doubts about the entire paradigm and its uncertainties are to be raised and considered. This book is an indispensable aid enabling endocrinologists, radiologists and pediatricians to understand skeletal maturity in a more meaningful way.

Bone and Bones

Bone and Bones Book
Author : Joseph Peter Weinmann,Harry Sicher
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1955
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bone and Bones book written by Joseph Peter Weinmann,Harry Sicher, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cartilage V1

Cartilage V1 Book
Author : Brian K. Hall
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323139582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cartilage, Volume 1: Structure, Function, and Biochemistry provides an in-depth treatment of cartilage structure, function, and biochemistry. Topics range from vertebrate and invertebrate cartilages to chondroblasts and chondrocytes, along with the use of transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy to examine cartilage. The collagens and cell kinetics of cartilage are also discussed. Comprised of 12 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the diversity of cartilage in vertebrates and invertebrates in terms of structure, function, and evolution. The principal common attributes of vertebrate cartilages as well as those specific parameters that usefully serve to distinguish between cartilaginous tissues at several phylogenetic levels are discussed. Function and level of function are considered, along with their correlations with the structural attributes of a specific cartilage. Subsequent chapters explore the chondroblasts and chondrocytes of cartilage, particularly how they arise and how they are maintained; the ultrastructure of cartilage; the biochemistry of cartilaginous extracellular matrices; and the kinetic and metabolic properties of cartilage cells. The final chapter analyzes the mechanisms of calcification of cartilage. This book will be of interest to biologists and biochemists.

First International Workshop on Cells and Cytokines in Bones and Cartilage

First International Workshop on Cells and Cytokines in Bones and Cartilage Book
Author : Largiadèr. U.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download First International Workshop on Cells and Cytokines in Bones and Cartilage book written by Largiadèr. U., available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bones

Bones Book
Author : John D. Currey
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2013-10-31
ISBN : 1400849500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a comprehensive and accessible overview of what is known about the structure and mechanics of bone, bones, and teeth. In it, John Currey incorporates critical new concepts and findings from the two decades of research since the publication of his highly regarded The Mechanical Adaptations of Bones. Crucially, Currey shows how bone structure and bone's mechanical properties are intimately bound up with each other and how the mechanical properties of the material interact with the structure of whole bones to produce an adapted structure. For bone tissue, the book discusses stiffness, strength, viscoelasticity, fatigue, and fracture mechanics properties. For whole bones, subjects dealt with include buckling, the optimum hollowness of long bones, impact fracture, and properties of cancellous bone. The effects of mineralization on stiffness and toughness and the role of microcracking in the fracture process receive particular attention. As a zoologist, Currey views bone and bones as solutions to the design problems that vertebrates have faced during their evolution and throughout the book considers what bones have been adapted to do. He covers the full range of bones and bony tissues, as well as dentin and enamel, and uses both human and non-human examples. Copiously illustrated, engagingly written, and assuming little in the way of prior knowledge or mathematical background, Bones is both an ideal introduction to the field and also a reference sure to be frequently consulted by practicing researchers.