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Bonding Theory For Metals And Alloys

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Bonding Theory for Metals and Alloys

Bonding Theory for Metals and Alloys Book
Author : Frederick E. Wang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-09-30
ISBN : 9780080459738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bonding Theory for Metals and Alloys exhorts the potential existence of covalent bonding in metals and alloys. Through the recognition of the covalent bond in coexistence with the 'free' electron band, the book describes and demonstrates how the many experimental observations on metals and alloys can all be reconciled. Subsequently, it shows how the individual view of metals and alloys by physicists, chemists and metallurgists can be unified. The physical phenomena of metals and alloys covered in this book are: Miscibility Gap between two liquid metals; Phase Equilibrium Diagrams; Phenomenon of Melting. Superconductivity; Nitinol; A Metal-Alloy with Memory; Mechanical Properties; Liquid Metal Embrittlement; Superplasticity; Corrosion; The author introduces a new theory based on 'Covalon' conduction, which forms the basis for a new approach to the theory of superconductivity. This new approach not only explains the many observations made on the phenomenon of superconductivity but also makes predictions that have been confirmed. * Openly recognizes the electrons as the most important and the only factor in understanding metals and alloys * Proposes "Covalon" conduction theory, which carries current in covalent bonded pairs * Investigates phase diagrams both from theoretical and experimental point of view

Catalysis by Metals and Alloys

Catalysis by Metals and Alloys Book
Author : V. Ponec,G.C. Bond
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-08-29
ISBN : 9780080528656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catalysis by Metals and Alloys

Electrons In Metals And Alloys

Electrons In Metals And Alloys Book
Author : J. A. Alonso,N. H. March
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080984495
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a broad review of the electronic structure of metals and alloys. It emphasises the way in which the behavior of electrons in these materials governs the thermodynamic and other properties of these conducting materials. The theoretical treatment proceeds from a wave mechanics approach to more sophisticated techniques for the description of the properties of metals and alloys.

The Engel Brewer Theories of Metals and Alloys

The Engel Brewer Theories of Metals and Alloys Book
Author : William Hume-Rothery
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Engel Brewer Theories of Metals and Alloys book written by William Hume-Rothery, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Physical Metallurgy of Refractory Metals and Alloys

Physical Metallurgy of Refractory Metals and Alloys Book
Author : E. M. Savitskii
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1468415727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The principal reasons which induced the authors to write this book and the features of the book are set forth in the preface to the Russian edition. That section of the science of metals which in Russian is called "metallovedenie" or the "physical chemistry of metals" is generally referred to in scientific and technical literature published in the English language by the term "physical metallurgy." These concepts are much broader than the term" metallography," used in the scientific and technical literature of various countries, and applied solely to research on the interrelationships of the structure and proper ties of metals and alloys. Each science must have its own subject and its own method of research. Certainly, all specialists will agree that metals and alloys, including their solid solutions, mechanical mix tures, and metallic compounds, form the subject of "physical metallurgy" or "physical chemis try of metals." The aim of this science. is to produce a theory and to elucidate the experimental relationships which ought finally to make it possible to calculate quantitatively alloys Of given properties for any working conditions and parameters.

Handbook on Rare Earth Metals and Alloys Properties Extraction Preparation and Applications

Handbook on Rare Earth Metals and Alloys  Properties  Extraction  Preparation and Applications  Book
Author : NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Release : 2009-04-01
ISBN : 8178331209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rare earths are essential constituents of more than 100 mineral species and present in many more through substitution. They have a marked geochemical affinity for calcium, titanium, niobium, zirconium, fluoride, phosphate and carbonate ions. Industrially important minerals, which are utilized at present for rare earths production, are essentially three, namely monazite, bastnasite and xenotime. In modern time techniques for exploration of rare earths and yttrium minerals include geologic identification of environments of deposition and surface as well as airborne reconnaissance with magnetometric and radiometric equipment. There are numerous applications of rare earths such as in glass making industry, cracking catalysts, electronic and optoelectronic devices, medical technology, nuclear technology, agriculture, plastic industry etc. Lot of metals and alloys called rare earth are lying in the earth which required to be processed. Some of the important elements extracted from rare earths are uranium, lithium, beryllium, selenium, platinum metals, tantalum, silicon, molybdenum, manganese, chromium, cadmium, titanium, tungsten, zirconium etc. There are different methods involved in production of metals and non metals from rare earths for example; separation, primary crushing, secondary crushing, wet grinding, dry grinding etc. The rare earths are silver, silverymwhite, or gray metals; they have a high luster, but tarnish readily in air, have high electrical conductivity. The rare earths share many common properties this makes them difficult to separate or even distinguish from each other. There are very small differences in solubility and complex formation between the rare earths. The rare earth metals naturally occur together in minerals. Rare earths are found with non metals, usually in the 3+ oxidation state. At present all the rare earth resources in India are in the form of placer monazite deposits, which also carry other industrially important minerals like ilmenite, rutile, zircon, sillimanite and garnet. Some of the fundamentals of the book are commercially important rare earth minerals, exploration for rare earth resources, rare earth resources of the world, some rare earth minerals and their approximate compositions, rare earths in cracking catalysts, rare earth based phosphors, interdependence of applications and production of rare earths, uranium alloys, conversion of ores to lithium chemicals, characterization and analysis of very pure silicon, derivation of molybdenum metal, electoplating and chromizing, electrolytic production of titanium, heat treatment of titanium alloys, tensile properties of alloys etc. The book covers occurrence of rare earth, resources of the world, production of lithium metals, compounds derived from the metals, chemical properties of beryllium, uses of selenium, derivation of molybdenum metals, ore concentration and treatment and many more. This is a unique book of its kind, which will be a great asset for scientists, researchers, technocrats and entrepreneurs.

Linus Pauling

Linus Pauling Book
Author : Linus Pauling,Barclay Kamb
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9789812811967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Linus Pauling wrote a stellar series of over 800 scientific papers spanning an amazing range of fields, some of which he himself initiated. This book is a selection of the most important of his writings in the fields of quantum mechanics, chemical bonding (covalent, ionic, metallic, and hydrogen bonding), molecular rotation and entropy, protein structure, hemoglobin, molecular disease, molecular evolution, the antibody mechanism, the molecular basis of anesthesia, orthomolecular medicine, radiation chemistry/biology, and nuclear structure. Through these papers the reader gets a fresh, unfiltered view of the genius of Pauling's many contributions to chemistry, chemical physics, molecular biology, and molecular medicine. Contents.: The Chemical Bond: Metallic Bonding; Hydrogen Bonding; Crystal and Molecular Structure and Properties: Ionic Crystals and X-Ray Difraction; Molecules in the Gas Phase and Electron Diffraction; Entropy and Molecular Rotation in Crystals and Liquids; and other papers. Readership: Chemists, biochemists, molecular biologists and physicists.

Linus Pauling Biomolecular sciences

Linus Pauling  Biomolecular sciences Book
Author : Linus Pauling,Barclay Kamb
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9810229402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Linus Pauling wrote a stellar series of over 800 scientific papers spanning an amazing range of fields, some of which he himself initiated. This book is a selection of the most important of his writings in the fields of quantum mechanics, chemical bonding (covalent, ionic, metallic, and hydrogen bonding), molecular rotation and entropy, protein structure, hemoglobin, molecular disease, molecular evolution, the antibody mechanism, the molecular basis of anesthesia, orthomolecular medicine, radiation chemistry?biology, and nuclear structure. Through these papers the reader gets a fresh, unfiltered view of the genius of Pauling's many contributions to chemistry, chemical physics, molecular biology, and molecular medicine.

Linus Pauling Selected Scientific Papers

Linus Pauling     Selected Scientific Papers Book
Author : Barclay Kamb,Linda Pauling Kamb,Peter Jeffress Pauling,Alexander Kamb
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2001-11-02
ISBN : 9814498475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Linus Pauling wrote a stellar series of over 800 scientific papers spanning an amazing range of fields, some of which he himself initiated. This book is a selection of the most important of his writings in the fields of quantum mechanics, chemical bonding (covalent, ionic, metallic, and hydrogen bonding), molecular rotation and entropy, protein structure, hemoglobin, molecular disease, molecular evolution, the antibody mechanism, the molecular basis of anesthesia, orthomolecular medicine, radiation chemistry⁄biology, and nuclear structure. Through these papers the reader gets a fresh, unfiltered view of the genius of Pauling's many contributions to chemistry, chemical physics, molecular biology, and molecular medicine.

From Hamiltonians to Phase Diagrams

From Hamiltonians to Phase Diagrams Book
Author : Jürgen Hafner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642830587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of the modern theory of metals and alloys has coincided with great advances in quantum-mechanical many-body theory, in electronic structure calculations, in theories of lattice dynamics and of the configura tional thermodynamics of crystals, in liquid-state theory, and in the theory of phase transformations. For a long time all these different fields expanded quite independently, but now their overlap has become sufficiently large that they are beginning to form the basis of a comprehensive first-principles the ory of the cohesive, structural, and thermodynamical properties of metals and alloys in the crystalline as well as in the liquid state. Today, we can set out from the quantum-mechanical many-body Hamiltonian of the system of electrons and ions, and, following the path laid out by generations of the oreticians, we can progress far enough to calculate a pressure-temperature phase diagram of a metal or a composition-temperature phase diagram of a binary alloy by methods which are essentially rigorous and from first prin ciples. This book was written with the intention of confronting the materials scientist, the metallurgist, the physical chemist, but also the experimen tal and theoretical condensed-matter physicist, with this new and exciting possibility. Of course there are limitations to such a vast undertaking as this. The selection of the theories and techniques to be discussed, as well as the way in which they are presented, are necessarily biased by personal inclination and personal expertise.

Pauling s Legacy

Pauling s Legacy Book
Author : Z.B. Maksic,W.J. Orville-Thomas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-03-31
ISBN : 9780080538525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Theory and experiment in chemistry today provide a wealth of data, but such data have no meaning unless they are correctly interpreted by sound and transparent physical models. Linus Pauling was a grandmaster in the modelling of molecular properties. Indeed, many of his models have served chemistry for decades and that has been his lasting legacy for chemists all over the world. The aim of this book is to put such simple models into the language of modern quantum chemistry, thus providing a deeper justification for many of Pauling's ideas and concepts. However, it should be stressed that many contributions to this work, written by some of the world's most prominent theoretical chemists, do not merely follow Pauling's footprints. By taking his example, they made bold leaps forward to overcome the limitations of the old models, thereby opening new scientific vistas. This book is an important contribution to the chemical literature. It is an almost obligatory textbook for postgraduate students and postdoctoral researchers in physical chemistry, chemical physics and advanced physical organic chemistry.

A Survey of Dispersion Strengthening of Metals and Alloys

A Survey of Dispersion Strengthening of Metals and Alloys Book
Author : Rointan Framroze Bunshah,Claus Guenther Goetzel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1959
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Survey of Dispersion Strengthening of Metals and Alloys book written by Rointan Framroze Bunshah,Claus Guenther Goetzel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Interstitial Alloys

Interstitial Alloys Book
Author : H. J. Goldschmidt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 1483225739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interstitial Alloys covers the significant progress in the development and understanding of the principles and applications of interstitial alloys. Interstitial alloy refers to the existence of a pure metal lattice, which the metal-metal atom bond remains the dominant one, and the non-metal atoms are sufficiently small to be accommodated within the metal lattice without, or with only a limited degree of, distortion from metal-type symmetry. This book contains 10 chapters and begins with a brief introduction to the basic principles of interstitial alloys. The next two chapters describe the physical properties of these alloys, along with their behavior in solid solutions. The remaining chapters deal with a specific interstitial alloy, its structure, physico-chemical properties, preparation, and application. This work specifically considers carbide, nitride, boride, silicide, oxide, hydride, and mixed interstitial alloys. This book will be of value to chemists and physicists.

Phase Stability in Metals and Alloys

Phase Stability in Metals and Alloys Book
Author : Battelle Memorial Institute
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Phase Stability in Metals and Alloys book written by Battelle Memorial Institute, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Aspects of the Theory of Heat Resistance of Metals and Alloys

Aspects of the Theory of Heat Resistance of Metals and Alloys Book
Author : K. A. Osipov
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1961
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Aspects of the Theory of Heat Resistance of Metals and Alloys book written by K. A. Osipov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993-12
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Structure of Metals and Alloys

The Structure of Metals and Alloys Book
Author : William Hume-Rothery,R. E. Smallman,Colin William Haworth
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Textbook for students at universities and technical colleges.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Electrons in metals and alloys

Electrons in metals and alloys Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Electrons in metals and alloys book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Concise Encyclopedia of Semiconducting Materials Related Technologies

Concise Encyclopedia of Semiconducting Materials   Related Technologies Book
Author : S. Mahajan,L. C. Kimerling
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483286576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of electronic materials and particularly advances in semiconductor technology have played a central role in the electronics revolution by allowing the production of increasingly cheap and powerful computing equipment and advanced telecommunications devices. This Concise Encyclopedia, which incorporates relevant articles from the acclaimed Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering as well as newly commissioned articles, emphasizes the materials aspects of semiconductors and the technologies important in solid-state electronics. Growth of bulk crystals and epitaxial layers are discussed in the volume and coverage is included of defects and their effects on device behavior. Metallization and passivation issues are also covered. Over 100 alphabetically arranged articles, written by world experts in the field, are each intended to serve as the first source of information on a particular aspect of electronic materials. The volume is extensively illustrated with photographs, diagrams and tables. A bibliography is provided at the end of each article to guide the reader to recent literature. A comprehensive system of cross-references, a three-level subject index and an alphabetical list of articles are included to aid readers in the abstraction of information.