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Boiling Water Reactors

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Nuclear Engineering Handbook

Nuclear Engineering Handbook Book
Author : Kenneth D. Kok
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-10-03
ISBN : 1315356309
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building upon the success of the first edition, the Nuclear Engineering Handbook, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of nuclear power engineering. Consisting of chapters written by leading experts, this volume spans a wide range of topics in the areas of nuclear power reactor design and operation, nuclear fuel cycles, and radiation detection. Plant safety issues are addressed, and the economics of nuclear power generation in the 21st century are presented. The Second Edition also includes full coverage of Generation IV reactor designs, and new information on MRS technologies, small modular reactors, and fast reactors.

The Thermal hydraulics of a Boiling Water Nuclear Reactor

The Thermal hydraulics of a Boiling Water Nuclear Reactor Book
Author : Richard T. Lahey,Frederick J. Moody
Publisher : Amer Nuclear Society
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edition of the classic monograph gives a comprehensive overview of the thermal-hydraulic technology underlying the design, operation, and safety assessment of boiling water reactors. In addition, new material on pressure suppression containment technology is presented.

Experimental and Numerical Stability Investigations on Natural Circulation Boiling Water Reactors

Experimental and Numerical Stability Investigations on Natural Circulation Boiling Water Reactors Book
Author : Christian Pablo Marcel
Publisher : Pro Universitate
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781586038038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"In the design of novel nuclear reactors active systems are replaced by passive ones in order to reduce the risk of failure. For that reason natural circulation is being considered as the primary cooling mechanism in next generation nuclear reactor designs such as the natural circulation boiling water reactor (BWR). In such a reactor, however, the flow is not a controlled parameter but is dependent on the power. As a result, the dynamical behaviour significantly differs from that in conventional forced circulation BWRs. For that reason, predicting the stability characteristics of these reactors has to be carefully studied. In this work, a number of open issues are investigated regarding the stability of natural circulation BWRs (e.g. margins to instabilities at rated conditions, interaction between the thermal-hydraulics and the neutronics, and the occurrence of flashing induced instabilities) with a strong emphasis on experimental evidence. The prototypical Economical Simplified BWR (ESBWR) design from the General Electric Company was thereby taken as the reference natural circulation BWR. Two experimental facilities located at the Delft University of Technology were used for that purpose: the GENESIS facility which uses Freon as working fluid and the water-based CIRCUS facility."

Light Water Reactor Safety

Light Water Reactor Safety Book
Author : B. Pershagen,M. Bowen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483286746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the principles and practices of reactor safety as applied to the design, regulation and operation of light water reactors, combining a historical approach with an up-to-date account of the safety, technology and operating experience of both pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors. The introductory chapters set out the basic facts upon which the safety of light water reactors depend. The central section is devoted to the methods and results of safety analysis. The accidents at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl are reviewed and their implications for light water reactor safety are discussed. The concluding chapters examine selected safety issues and their resolution, and highlight results of reactor safety research. The book is amply illustrated, with numerous cross references and a comprehensive index.

Linear and Non linear Stability Analysis in Boiling Water Reactors

Linear and Non linear Stability Analysis in Boiling Water Reactors Book
Author : Alfonso Prieto Guerrero,Gilberto Espinosa Paredes
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-10-15
ISBN : 0081024460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Linear and Non-Linear Stability Analysis in Boiling Water Reactors: The Design of Real-Time Stability Monitors presents a thorough analysis of the most innovative BWR reactors and stability phenomena in one accessible resource. The book presents a summary of existing literature on BWRs to give early career engineers and researchers a solid background in the field, as well as the latest research on stability phenomena (propagation phenomena in BWRs), nuclear power monitors, and advanced computer systems used to for the prediction of stability. It also emphasizes the importance of BWR technology and embedded neutron monitoring systems (APRMs and LPRMs), and introduces non-linear stability parameters that can be used for the onset detection of instabilities in BWRs. Additionally, the book details the scope, advantages, and disadvantages of multiple advanced linear and non linear signal processing methods, and includes analytical case studies of existing plants. This combination makes Linear and Non-Linear Stability Analysis in Boiling Water Reactors a valuable resource for nuclear engineering students focusing on linear and non-linear analysis, as well as for those working and researching in a nuclear power capacity looking to implement stability methods and estimate decay ratios using non-linear techniques. Explores the nuclear stability of Boiling Water Reactors based on linear and non-linear models Evaluates linear signal processing methods such as autoregressive models, Fourier-based methods, and wavelets to calculate decay ratios Proposes novel non-linear signal analysis techniques linked to non-linear stability indicators Includes case studies of various existing nuclear power plants as well as mathematical models and simulations

Nuclear Safety in Light Water Reactors

Nuclear Safety in Light Water Reactors Book
Author : Bal Raj Sehgal,SARNET
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-01-05
ISBN : 0123884462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

La 4e de couverture indique : Organizes and presents all the latest thought on LWR nuclear safety in one consolidated volume, provided by the top experts in the field, ensuring high-quality, credible and easily accessible information.

Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors

Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems   Water Reactors Book
Author : Gabriell Ilevbare,Jeremy Busby,Peter Andersen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-17
ISBN : 3319487604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 15th Edition of the International Conference on Materials Degradation in Light Water Reactors focuses on subject areas critical to the safe and efficient running of nuclear reactor systems through the exchange and discussion of reseach results as well as field operating and management experience.

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Nuclear Systems

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Nuclear Systems Book
Author : Henri Fenech
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 148315078X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heat Transfer and Fluid in Flow Nuclear Systems discusses topics that bridge the gap between the fundamental principles and the designed practices. The book is comprised of six chapters that cover analysis of the predicting thermal-hydraulics performance of large nuclear reactors and associated heat-exchangers or steam generators of various nuclear systems. Chapter 1 tackles the general considerations on thermal design and performance requirements of nuclear reactor cores. The second chapter deals with pressurized subcooled light water systems, and the third chapter covers boiling water reactor systems. Chapter 4 tackles liquid metal cooled systems, while Chapter 5 discusses helium cooled systems. The last chapter deals with heat-exchangers and steam generators. The book will be of great help to engineers, scientists, and graduate students concerned with thermal and hydraulic problems.

Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage

Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Committee on the Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2006-02-19
ISBN : 0309096472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In response to a request from Congress, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Department of Homeland Security sponsored a National Academies study to assess the safety and security risks of spent nuclear fuel stored in cooling pools and dry casks at commercial nuclear power plants. The information provided in this book examines the risks of terrorist attacks using these materials for a radiological dispersal device. Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel is an unclassified public summary of a more detailed classified book. The book finds that successful terrorist attacks on spent fuel pools, though difficult, are possible. A propagating fire in a pool could release large amounts of radioactive material, but rearranging spent fuel in the pool during storage and providing emergency water spray systems would reduce the likelihood of a propagating fire even under severe damage conditions. The book suggests that additional studies are needed to better understand these risks. Although dry casks have advantages over cooling pools, pools are necessary at all operating nuclear power plants to store at least the recently discharged fuel. The book explains it would be difficult for terrorists to steal enough spent fuel to construct a significant radiological dispersal device.

Boiling Water Reactors

Boiling Water Reactors Book
Author : U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1959
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Boiling Water Reactors book written by U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dynamics and Control of Nuclear Reactors

Dynamics and Control of Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Thomas W. Kerlin,Belle R. Upadhyaya
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-05
ISBN : 0128152621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamics and Control of Nuclear Reactors presents the latest knowledge and research in reactor dynamics, control and instrumentation; important factors in ensuring the safe and economic operation of nuclear power plants. This book provides current and future engineers with a single resource containing all relevant information, including detailed treatments on the modeling, simulation, operational features and dynamic characteristics of pressurized light-water reactors, boiling light-water reactors, pressurized heavy-water reactors and molten-salt reactors. It also provides pertinent, but less detailed information on small modular reactors, sodium fast reactors, and gas-cooled reactors. Provides case studies and examples to demonstrate learning through problem solving, including an analysis of accidents at Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi Includes MATLAB codes to enable the reader to apply the knowledge gained to their own projects and research Features examples and problems that illustrate the principles of dynamic analysis as well as the mathematical tools necessary to understand and apply the analysis Publishers Note: Table 3.1 has been revised and will be included in future printings of the book with the following data: Group Decay Constant, li (sec-1) Delayed Neutron Fraction (bi) 1 0.0124 0.000221 2 0.0305 0.001467 3 0.111 0.001313 4 0.301 0.002647 5 1.14 0.000771 6 3.01 0.000281 Total delayed neutron fraction: 0.0067

Boiling Water Reactors

Boiling Water Reactors Book
Author : Yasuo Koizumi,Koji Nishida,Shinichi Morooka,Michitsugu Mori
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-07-15
ISBN : 9780128213612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Boiling Water Reactors, Volume Four in the JSME Series on Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation compiles the latest research in this very comprehensive reference that begins with an analysis of the history of BWR development and then moves through BWR plant design and innovations. The reader is guided through considerations for all BWR plant features and systems, including reactor internals, safety systems and plant instrumentation and control. Thermal-hydraulic aspects within a BWR core are analyzed alongside fuel analysis before comparisons of the latest BWR plant life management and maintenance technologies to promote safety and radiation protection practices are covered. The book's authors combine their in-depth knowledge and depth of experience in the field to analyze innovations and Next Generation BWRs, considering prospects for a variety of different BWRs, such as High-Conversion-BWRs, TRU-Burner Reactors and Economic Simplified BWRs. Written by experts from the leaders and pioneers in nuclear research at the Japanese Society of Mechanical Engineers Includes real examples and case studies from Japan, the US and Europe to provide a deeper learning opportunity with practical benefits Considers societal impacts and sustainability concerns and goals throughout the discussion Explores BWR plant design, thermal-hydraulic aspects, the reactor core and plant life management and maintenance in one complete resource

Nuclear Reactor Design

Nuclear Reactor Design Book
Author : Yoshiaki Oka
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-06-11
ISBN : 443154898X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on core design and methods for design and analysis. It is based on advances made in nuclear power utilization and computational methods over the past 40 years, covering core design of boiling water reactors and pressurized water reactors, as well as fast reactors and high-temperature gas-cooled reactors. The objectives of this book are to help graduate and advanced undergraduate students to understand core design and analysis, and to serve as a background reference for engineers actively working in light water reactors. Methodologies for core design and analysis, together with physical descriptions, are emphasized. The book also covers coupled thermal hydraulic core calculations, plant dynamics, and safety analysis, allowing readers to understand core design in relation to plant control and safety.

Accident Tolerant Materials for Light Water Reactor Fuels

Accident Tolerant Materials for Light Water Reactor Fuels Book
Author : Raul B. Rebak
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-01-06
ISBN : 0128175036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Accident Tolerant Materials for Light Water Reactor Fuels provides a description of what an accident tolerant fuel is and the benefits and detriments of each concept. The book begins with an introduction to nuclear power as a renewable energy source and the current materials being utilized in light water reactors. It then moves on to discuss the recent advancements being made in accident tolerant fuels, reviewing the specific materials, their fabrication and implementation, environmental resistance, irradiation behavior, and licensing requirements. The book concludes with a look to the future of new power generation technologies. It is written for scientists and engineers working in the nuclear power industry and is the first comprehensive work on this topic. Introduces the fundamental description of accident tolerant fuel, including fabrication and implementation Describes both the benefits and detriments of the various Accident Tolerant Fuel concepts Includes information on the process of materials selection with a discussion of how and why specific materials were chosen, as well as why others failed

The EBWR

The EBWR Book
Author : Argonne National Laboratory
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1957
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The EBWR book written by Argonne National Laboratory, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering Book
Author : Damien FERON
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-02-21
ISBN : 085709534X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion of nuclear materials, i.e. the interaction between these materials and their environments, is a major issue for plant safety as well as for operation and economic competitiveness. Understanding these corrosion mechanisms, the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure their incidence is of critical importance to the nuclear industry. Combining assessment techniques and analytical models into this understanding allows operators to predict the service life of corrosion-affected nuclear plant materials, and to apply the most appropriate maintenance and mitigation options to ensure safe long term operation. This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities. Initial sections introduce the complex field of nuclear corrosion science, with detailed chapters on the different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them. This is complemented by reviews of monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches. Given that corrosion is an applied science, the final sections review corrosion issues across the range of current and next-generation nuclear reactors, and across such nuclear applications as fuel reprocessing facilities, radioactive waste storage and geological disposal systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear corrosion science and engineering is an invaluable reference for nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, as well as nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities Chapters assess different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them Considers monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches

The Risks of Nuclear Energy Technology

The Risks of Nuclear Energy Technology Book
Author : Günter Kessler,Anke Veser,Franz-Hermann Schlüter,Wolfgang Raskob,Claudia Landman,Jürgen Päsler-Sauer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-22
ISBN : 3642551165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book analyses the risks of nuclear power stations. The security concept of reactors is explained. Measures against the spread of radioactivity after a severe accident, accidents of core melting and a possible crash of an air plane on reactor containment are discussed. The book covers three scientific subjects of the safety concepts of Light Water Reactors: – A first part describes the basic safety design concepts of operating German Pressurized Water Reactors and Boiling Water Reactors including accident management measures introduced after the reactor accidents of Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. These safety concepts are also compared with the experiences of the Fukushima accidents. In addition, the safety design concepts of the future modern European Pressurized Water Reactor (EPR) and of the future modern Boiling Water Reactor SWR-1000 (KERENA) are presented. These are based on new safety research results of the past decades. – In a second, part the possible crash of military or heavy commercial air planes on reactor containment is analyzed. It is shown that reactor containments can be designed to resist to such an airplane crash. – In a third part, an online decision system is presented. It allows to analyze the distribution of radioactivity in the atmosphere and to the environment after a severe reactor accident. It provides data for decisions to be taken by authorities for the minimization of radiobiological effects to the population. This book appeals to readers who have an interest in save living conditions and some understanding for physics or engineering.

Effects of System Pressure on Various Operating Parameters in Boiling Water Reactors

Effects of System Pressure on Various Operating Parameters in Boiling Water Reactors Book
Author : James Edward Strang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1966
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Effects of System Pressure on Various Operating Parameters in Boiling Water Reactors book written by James Edward Strang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.