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Bioresorbable Polymers For Biomedical Applications

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Bioresorbable Polymers

Bioresorbable Polymers Book
Author : Declan Devine
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 311064066X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioresorbable implants can be processed via conventional polymer processing methods such as extrusion, injection and compressing moulding, solvent spinning or casting. This book addresses issues and highlights recent advances in the use of biodegradable polymers. It is intended for researchers utilizing biodegradable polymers in areas from tissue engineering to controlled release of active pharmaceuticals, as well as industrial processors.

Biodegradable Polymeric Nanocomposites

Biodegradable Polymeric Nanocomposites Book
Author : Dilip Depan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-10-22
ISBN : 1482260522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How Can Polymers Constructed From Living Organisms Help Eliminate the Disposal Issue? A unique category of materials called biodegradable polymers could help remedy a growing environmental concern. Biodegradable Polymeric Nanocomposites: Advances in Biomedical Applications considers the potential of biodegradable polymers for use in biomedical applications that include drug delivery, biosensors, and tissue engineering. Since biomaterials perform on a time-limited function and are designed to disappear from the body after use, the development of biopolymers could greatly reduce and eliminate the need for plastic products, most specifically those used in biomedical applications. Highlights Biomaterials and the Design and Application of Biomaterials Utilizing expert research contributors from around the world, this book considers the benefits and limitations of a variety of biomaterials, such as biopolymers, ceramics, biodegradable nanocomposites, and natural products–based biomaterials. It explores the bio-nano-interface; the interaction between nanoparticles and biomaterials, explains the basic concepts and methods of biodegradable nanocomposites (BNCs), and highlights recent developments in polymer-based bionanocomposites. The book provides an overview of degradation properties and the mechanical properties of biodegradable polymers. It also breaks down the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of starch-based polymers, and outlines distinct advantages (biodegradability and nontoxicity) that make them suitable as medical polymer materials. In addition, it highlights the FDA-approved biodegradable polyester family and focuses on the state-of-the-art recent advancements in drug-delivery devices. Biodegradable Polymeric Nanocomposites: Advances in Biomedical Applications provides current knowledge on biopolymers, examines recent developments and trends, and considers future applications of polymers. Featuring the work of highly-qualified international researchers, this book addresses applications relevant to polymer and material science, as well as material, biomedical, and chemical engineering, and is of specific interest to polymer science engineers.

Natural Based Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Natural Based Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Rui L. Reis,Nuno M. Neves,Joao F. Mano,Manuela E. Gomes,Alexandra P. Marques,Helena S. Azevedo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-08-15
ISBN : 1845694813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers from natural sources are particularly useful as biomaterials and in regenerative medicine, given their similarity to the extracellular matrix and other polymers in the human body. This important book reviews the wealth of research on both tried and promising new natural-based biomedical polymers, together with their applications as implantable biomaterials, controlled-release carriers or scaffolds for tissue engineering. The first part of the book reviews the sources, processing and properties of natural-based polymers for biomedical applications. Part two describes how the surfaces of polymer-based biomaterials can be modified to improve their functionality. The third part of the book discusses the use of natural-based polymers for biodegradable scaffolds and hydrogels in tissue engineering. Building on this foundation, Part four looks at the particular use of natural-gelling polymers for encapsulation, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The penultimate group of chapters reviews the use of natural-based polymers as delivery systems for drugs, hormones, enzymes and growth factors. The final part of the book summarises research on the key issue of biocompatibility. Natural-based polymers for biomedical applications is a standard reference for biomedical engineers, those studying and researching in this important area, and the medical community. Examines the sources, processing and properties of natural based polymers for biomedical applications Explains how the surfaces of polymer based biomaterials can be modified to improve their functionality Discusses the use of natural based polymers for hydrogels in tissue engineering, and in particular natural gelling polymers for encapsulation and regenerative medicine

Biodegradable and Biobased Polymers for Environmental and Biomedical Applications

Biodegradable and Biobased Polymers for Environmental and Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Susheel Kalia,Luc Avérous
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-02-10
ISBN : 1119117348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume incorporates 13 contributions from renowned experts from the relevant research fields that are related biodegradable and biobased polymers and their environmental and biomedical applications. Specifically, the book highlights: Developments in polyhydroxyalkanoates applications in agriculture, biodegradable packaging material and biomedical field like drug delivery systems, implants, tissue engineering and scaffolds The synthesis and elaboration of cellulose microfibrils from sisal fibres for high performance engineering applications in various sectors such as the automotive and aerospace industries, or for building and construction The different classes and chemical modifications of tannins Electro-activity and applications of Jatropha latex and seed The synthesis, properties and applications of poly(lactic acid) The synthesis, processing and properties of poly(butylene succinate), its copolymers, composites and nanocomposites The different routes for preparation polymers from vegetable oil and the effects of reinforcement and nano-reinforcement on the physical properties of such biobased polymers The different types of modified drug delivery systems together with the concept of the drug delivery matrix for controlled release of drugs and for antitumor drugs The use of nanocellulose as sustainable adsorbents for the removal of water pollutants mainly heavy metal ions, organic molecules, dyes, oil and CO2 The main extraction techniques, structure, properties and different chemical modifications of lignins Proteins and nucleic acids based biopolymers The role of tamarind seed polysaccharide-based multiple-unit systems in sustained drug release

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Giuseppe Perale
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 9780081002629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine" provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymersFeatures a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applicationsProvides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industryIncludes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers Book
Author : Xiang Cheng Zhang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-22
ISBN : 0081003935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry

Bioresorbable Polymers and their Biomedical Applications

Bioresorbable Polymers and their Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Declan M Devine
Publisher : Smithers Rapra
Release : 2017-04-10
ISBN : 1911088092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioresorbable or biodegradable polymers are commonly used in various biomedical applications. The application of bioresorbable polymers in the biomedical sector has been widely exploited by immobilising suturing thread with an analgesic or antibacterial drugs, and the development of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds, wound-healing and intravenous drug-delivery devices. Furthermore, biodegradable polymers have been investigated as a replacement for metallic orthopaedic devices due to their precise control of material composition and microstructure. These polymers are eliminated from the body via dissolution, assimilation and excretion through metabolic pathways. The hydrolysing process breaks down the polymer into smaller units and its degradation products are excreted by means of the citric acid cycle or by direct renal excretion with no residual side effects.Processing of bioresorbable implants can be achieved via conventional polymer processing methods such as extrusion, injection and compressing moulding, solvent spinning or casting. However, special consideration must be given when processing these materials because heat can cause a reduction in molecular weight due to the hydrolysing of bonds. In addition, overheating can depolymerise the polymer and, as a result, monomers can have a plasticising effect on the polymer. Recently, alternative approaches utilising rapid prototyping and micro-/nanofabrication processes have been employed.This book addresses these issues and highlights recent advances in the biomedical field that have being enabled by the use of biodegradable polymers. This book is designed as a reference guide for academic researchers utilising biodegradable polymers in a range of areas from tissue engineering to controlled release of active pharmaceuticals, through to industry-based processors of biodegradable polymers.

Biomedical Polymers

Biomedical Polymers Book
Author : Mike Jenkins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-08-06
ISBN : 1845693647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given the rapid development and use of biomaterials, it is becoming increasingly important to understand the structure, processing and properties of biomedical polymers and their medical applications. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Biomedical Polymers reviews the latest research on this important group of biomaterials. The book discusses natural, synthetic, biodegradable and non bio-degradable polymers and their applications. Chapters review polymeric scaffolds for tissue engineering and drug delivery systems, the use of polymers in cell encapsulation, their role as replacement materials for heart valves and arteries, and their applications in joint replacement. The book also discusses the use of polymers in biosensor applications. Biomedical polymers is an essential reference for scientists and all those concerned with the development and use of this important group of biomaterials Reviews the latest research in this important group of biomaterials Discusses natural, synthetic, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers and their applications Examines the use of biomedical polymers in such areas as drug delivery systems and cell encapsulation

Biodegradable Polyesters

Biodegradable Polyesters Book
Author : Stoyko Fakirov
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-04-06
ISBN : 3527656979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collating otherwise hard-to-get and recently acquired knowledge in one work, this is a comprehensive reference on the synthesis, properties, characterization, and applications of this eco-friendly class of plastics. A group of internationally renowned researchers offer their first-hand experience and knowledge, dealing exclusively with those biodegradable polyesters that have become increasingly important over the past two decades due to environmental concerns on the one hand and newly-devised applications in the biomedical field on the other. The result is an unparalleled overview for the industrial chemist and materials scientist, as well as for developers and researchers in industry and academia alike.

Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Anil Mahapatro,Ankur S. Kulshrestha
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 2008-04-17
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on applications of polymers for biomedical applications has increased dramatically to find improved medical plastics for this rapidly evolving field. This book brings together various aspects of recent research and developments within academia and industry related to polymers for biomedical applications.

Biodegradable Polymers in Clinical Use and Clinical Development

Biodegradable Polymers in Clinical Use and Clinical Development Book
Author : Abraham J. Domb,Neeraj Kumar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-05-12
ISBN : 9781118015803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on biodegradable polymers that are already in clinical use or under clinical development. Synthetic and natural polymers will be included. This excludes polymers that have been investigated and did not reach clinical development. The purpose of this book is to provide updated status of the polymers that are clinical use and those that are now being developed for clinical use and hopefully will reach the clinic during the next 5 years. The book provides information that of interest to academics and practicing researchers including chemists, biologists and bioengineers and users: physicians, pharmacists.

Applications of Biodegradable and Bio Based Polymers for Human Health and a Cleaner Environment

Applications of Biodegradable and Bio Based Polymers for Human Health and a Cleaner Environment Book
Author : Iuliana Stoica,Omari Mukbaniani,Neha Kanwar Rawat,A. K. Haghi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-23
ISBN : 1000345637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world faces significant challenges as the population and consumption continue to grow while nonrenewable fossil fuels and other raw materials are depleted at ever-increasing rates. This informative volume provides a technical approach to address these issues using green design and analysis. It takes an interdisciplinary look at concepts that can be applied across engineering disciplines in the development of products, processes, and systems to minimize environmental impacts across all life cycle phases. Topics include polymers for pollutant removal, wood-based biopolymers, bio-based polymers for drug formulations, biomaterial-based medical implants, biodegradabilty of biopolymer materials, bio-based polymers for food packaging applications, biodegradable polymers for tissue engineering applications, and more.

Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers

Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers Book
Author : Mike Jenkins,Artemis Stamboulis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-08-13
ISBN : 0857096516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given the widespread use of polymers in medical devices, the durability and reliability of this material in use is an area of critical importance. Durability and reliability of medical polymers reviews the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers. Part one provides a review of the types and properties of bioresorbable medical polymers. The effect of molecular structure on properties is discussed, along with the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications. Transport phenomena and the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers are reviewed, before an exploration of synthetic bioresorbable polymers and their use in orthopaedic tissue regeneration. Part two goes on to explore the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers, and wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body are discussed in depth, before an investigation into manufacturing defects and the failure of synthetic polymeric medical devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Durability and reliability of medical polymers is an essential tool for all materials scientists, researchers and engineers involved in the design, development and application of medical polymers, whilst also providing a helpful overview of the subject for biologists, chemist and clinicians. Comprehensively examines the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers Discusses the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications, before reviewing the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers Explores the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers and discusses wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body

Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials

Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials Book
Author : F J Buchanan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-09-26
ISBN : 1845695038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioresorbable materials are extensively used for a wide range of biomedical applications from drug delivery to fracture fixation, and may remain in the body for weeks, months or even years. Accurately predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of these materials is critical to their performance and the controlled release of bioactive agents. Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials provides a comprehensive review of the most important techniques in safely predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of polymer, ceramic and composite based biomaterials. Part one provides an introductory review of bioresorbable materials and the biological environment of the body. Chapters in Part two address degradation mechanisms of commonly used materials such as polymers and ceramics. This is followed by chapters on bioresorption test methods and modelling techniques in Part three. Part four discusses factors influencing bioresorbability such as sterilisation, porosity and host response. The final section reviews current clinical applications of bioresorbable materials. With its distinguished editor and multidisciplinary team of international contributors, Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials: prediction and evaluation provides a unique and valuable reference for biomaterials scientists, engineers and students as well as the medical community. Comprehensively reviews the most pertinent techniques in safely predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of bioresorbable materials Addresses degradation mechanisms of commonly used materials Discusses factors influencing bioresorbability such as sterilisation and host response

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Giuseppe Perale,Jöns Hilborn
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-24
ISBN : 0081002661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices Book
Author : J Pan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 1782420258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications Book
Author : Laura Poole-Warren,Penny Martens,Rylie Green
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-23
ISBN : 1782421130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers

Biodegradable Polymers Blends and Composites

Biodegradable Polymers  Blends and Composites Book
Author : Sanjay M.R.,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Suchart Siengchin,M. Ramesh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-11-07
ISBN : 0128237929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodegradable Polymers, Blends and Composites provides a comprehensive review on recent developments in this very important research field. The book's chapters cover the various types of biodegradable polymers currently available and their composites, with discussions on preparation, properties and applications. Sections cover natural rubber-based polymer blends, soy-protein, cellulose, chitin, starch-based, PLA, PHBV, PCL, PVA, PBAT-based blends, Poly (ethylene succinate), PHB and Poly (propylene carbonates). The book will be a valuable reference resource for academic and industrial researchers, technologists and engineers working on recent developments in the area of biodegradable polymers, their blends and composites. Discusses the various types of biodegradable polymers, blends and composites Covers natural rubber, cellulose, chitin, starch, PLA, PCL and PBAT Features modern processing technologies, properties, applications and biodegradability

Absorbable and Biodegradable Polymers

Absorbable and Biodegradable Polymers Book
Author : Shalaby W. Shalaby,Karen J.L. Burg
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-10-27
ISBN : 020349301X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interest in biodegradable and absorbable polymers is growing rapidly in large part because of their biomedical implant and drug delivery applications. This text illustrates creative approaches to custom designing unique, fiber-forming materials for equally unique applications. It includes an example of the development and application of a new absor

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers Book
Author : Sangamesh Kumbar,Cato Laurencin,Meng Deng
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-01-21
ISBN : 0123972906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future