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Biorefinery In The Pulp And Paper Industry

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Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-02-03
ISBN : 0124095305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The traditional pulp and paper producers are facing new competitors in tropical and subtropical regions who use the latest and largest installed technologies, and also have wood and labor cost advantages. Due to the increasing global competition, the forest products prices will continue to decrease. To remain viable, the traditional producers need to increase revenue by producing bioenergy and biomaterials in addition to wood, pulp, and paper products. In this so-called Integrated Products Biorefinery, all product lines are highly integrated and energy efficient. Integrated Products Biorefineries present the forest products industry with a unique opportunity to increase revenues and improve environmental sustainability. Integrated Products Biorefinery technologies will allow industry to manufacture high-value chemicals, fuels, and/or electric power while continuing to produce traditional wood, pulp, and paper products. The industry already controls much of the raw material and infrastructure necessary to create Integrated Products Biorefineries, and Agenda 2020 partnerships are speeding development of the key enabling technologies. Once fully developed and commercialized, these technologies will produce enormous energy and environmental benefits for the industry and the nation. Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry presents the biorefining concept, the opportunities for the pulp and paper industry, and describes and discusses emerging biorefinery process options. This book also highlights the environmental impact and the complex and ambiguous decision-making challenges that mills will face when considering implementing the biorefinery. Provides up-to-date and authoritative information, citing pertinent research, on this timely and important topic Covers in great depth the biorefining concept, opportunities for the pulp and paper industry, and emerging biorefinery process options Highlights the environmental impact and the complex and ambiguous decision-making challenges that mills will face when considering implementing the biorefinery

Green Pulp and Paper Industry

Green Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Amit Kumar,Puneet Pathak,Dharm Dutt
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2021-07-19
ISBN : 311059241X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides recent developments and future perspectives of pulp and paper processing based on biotechnology to replace conventional environmental unfriendly chemical processes. The use of microorganism and microbial enzymes in various processes such as bleaching, deinking, refining, dissolving pulp, debarking & pitch removal, slime control, wastewater treatment and waste material valorisation are discussed.

Integrated Biorefineries

Integrated Biorefineries Book
Author : Paul R. Stuart,Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-12-10
ISBN : 1439803471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Biorefineries: Design, Analysis, and Optimization examines how to create a competitive edge in biorefinery innovation through integration into existing processes and infrastructure. Leading experts from around the world working in design, synthesis, and optimization of integrated biorefineries present the various aspects of this complex

Pulp and Paper Industry

Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-08-26
ISBN : 0128111046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pulp and Paper Industry: Chemical Recovery examines the scientific and technical advances that have been made in chemical recovery, including the very latest developments. It looks at general aspects of the chemical recovery process and its significance, black liquor evaporation, black liquor combustion, white liquor preparation, and lime reburning. The book also describes the technologies for chemical recovery of nonwood black liquor, as well as direct alkali regeneration systems in small pulp mills. In addition, it includes a discussion of alternative chemical recovery processes, i.e. alternative causticization and gasification processes, and the progress being made in the recovery of filler, coating color, and pigments. Furthermore, it discusses the utilization of new value streams (fuels and chemicals) from residuals and spent pulping liquor, including related environmental challenges. Offers thorough and in-depth coverage of scientific and technical advances in chemical recovery in pulp making Discusses alternative chemical recovery processes, i.e., alternative causticization and gasification processes Covers the progress being made in the recovery of filler, coating color, and pigments Examines utilization of new value streams (fuels and chemicals) from residuals and spent pulping liquor Discusses environmental challenges (air emissions, mill closure) Presents ways in which the economics, energy efficiency, and environmental protection associated with the recovery process can be improved

Integrated Forest Biorefineries

Integrated Forest Biorefineries Book
Author : Lew Christopher
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2012-09-01
ISBN : 184973321X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book documents the recent accomplishments of integrated forest biorefineries and their future in the pulp, paper, and fiber-processing industries.

Industrial and Municipal Sludge

Industrial and Municipal Sludge Book
Author : Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad,Paulo Jorge de Campos Favas,Meththika Vithanage,S.Venkata Mohan
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2019-04-16
ISBN : 0128159081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industrial and Municipal Sludge: Emerging Concerns and Scope for Resource Recovery begins with a characterization of the types of sludge and their sources and management strategies. This section is followed by specific chapters that cover Emerging contaminants in sludge (Endocrine disruptors, Pesticides and Pharmaceutical residues, including illicit drugs/controlled substances), Bioleaching of sludge [with an enriched sulfur-oxidizing bacterial community, Recovery of valuable metals (Bioleaching and use of sulfur-oxidizing bacterial community, and Biogas production by continuous thermal hydrolysis and thermophilic anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge. In addition, the book includes numerous tables and flow diagrams to help users further comprehend the subject matter. Includes numerous tables and flow diagrams to assist in the comprehension of new and existing sludge treatments and resource recovery technology Covers biogas production by continuous thermal hydrolysis and thermophilic anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge Presents information on the recovery of valuable metals from sludge (bioleaching and the use of a sulfur-oxidizing bacterial community) Includes opportunities and challenges in the biorefinery-based valorization of pulp and paper sludge

Waste Biorefinery

Waste Biorefinery Book
Author : Thallada Bhaskar,Ashok Pandey,S.Venkata Mohan,Duu-Jong Lee,Samir Kumar Khanal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-04-13
ISBN : 0444639934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste Biorefinery: Potential and Perspectives offers data-based information on the most cutting-edge processes for the utilisation of biogenic waste to produce biofuels, energy products, and biochemicals – a critical aspect of biorefinery. The book explores recent developments in biochemical and thermo-chemical methods of conversion and the potential generated by different kinds of biomass in more decentralized biorefineries. Additionally, the book discusses the move from 200 years of raw fossil materials to renewable resources and how this shift is accompanied by fundamental changes in industrial manufacturing technologies (from chemistry to biochemistry) and in logistics and manufacturing concepts (from petrochemical refineries to biorefineries). Waste Biorefinery: Potential and Perspectives designs concepts that enable modern biorefineries to utilize all types of biogenic wastes, and to integrate processes that convert byproduct streams to high-value products, achieving higher cost benefits. This book is an essential resource for researchers and students studying biomass, biorefineries, and biofuels/products/processes, as well as chemists, biochemical/chemical engineers, microbiologists, and biotechnologists working in industries and government agencies. Details the most advanced and innovative methods for biomass conversion Covers biochemical and thermo-chemical processes as well as product development Discusses the integration of technologies to produce bio-fuels, energy products, and biochemicals Illustrates specific applications in numerous case studies for reference and teaching purposes

A Z of Biorefinery

A Z of Biorefinery Book
Author : Nuttha Thongchul,Antonis Kokossis,Suttichai Assabumrungrat
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-19
ISBN : 0128192496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A-Z of Biorefinery: A Comprehensive View provides a comprehensive book that highlights and illustrates important topics relating to biorefineries, including associated theory, current and future research trends, available techniques and future challenges. This book will benefit a wide range of audiences, including students, engineers, scientists, practitioners, and those who are keen to explore more on biorefinery. Sections cover the availability of current technologies, constraints, market trends, recent system developments, and the concepts that enable modern biorefineries to utilize all kinds of biomass. This book is an essential resource for students, scientists, engineers and practitioners working in industry and academia. Covers the most important topics relating to biorefineries Provides related definitions, theories, overviews of methods, applications and important references Offers perspectives and concise reviews for each section Includes complete design case studies with tutorials

Biermann s Handbook of Pulp and Paper

Biermann s Handbook of Pulp and Paper Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-17
ISBN : 0128142413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biermann's Handbook of Pulp and Paper: Raw Material and Pulp Making, Third Edition is a comprehensive reference for industry and academia covering the entire gamut of pulping technology. This book provides a thorough introduction to the entire technology of pulp manufacture; features chapters covering all aspects of pulping from wood handling at the mill site through pulping and bleaching and pulp drying. It also includes a discussion on bleaching chemicals, recovery of pulping spent liquors and regeneration of chemicals used and the manufacture of side products. The secondary fiber recovery and utilization and current advances like organosolv pulping and attempts to close the cycle in bleaching plants are also included. Hundreds of illustrations, charts, and tables help the reader grasp the concepts being presented. This book will provide professionals in the field with the most up-to-date and comprehensive information on the state-of- the-art techniques and aspects involved in pulp making. It has been updated, revised and extended. Alongside the traditional aspects of pulping and papermaking processes, this book also focuses on biotechnological methods, which is the distinguishing feature of this book. It includes wood-based products and chemicals, production of dissolving pulp, hexenuronic acid removal, alternative chemical recovery processes, forest products biorefinery. The most significant changes in the areas of raw material preparation and handling, pulping and recycled fiber have been included. A total of 11 new chapters have been added. This handbook is essential reading for all chemists and engineers in the paper and pulp industry. Provides comprehensive coverage on all aspects of pulp making Covers the latest science and technology in pulp making Includes traditional and biotechnological methods, a unique feature of this book Presents the environmental impact of pulp and papermaking industries Sets itself apart as a valuable reference that every pulp and papermaker/engineer/chemist will find extremely useful

Simulation and Optimization of a Generic Kraft Pulp Mill

Simulation and Optimization of a Generic Kraft Pulp Mill Book
Author : Javier Barahona Vazquez
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Canadian pulp and paper industry is going through an economic crisis mainly due to a decrease of world demand and aggressive competition from emerging nations. In this context, the forest biorefinery which can be defined as the "full integration of the incoming biomass and other raw materials, including energy, for simultaneous production of fibres for paper products, chemicals and energy", is one of the solutions for pulp and paper mills to diversify their core business and regain competiveness while continuing to produce traditional wood, pulp and paper products. Forest Biorefinery is one of the research areas in École Polytechnique within the E2D2BF laboratory (Efficacité Energétique et Développement Durable de la Bioraffinerie Forestière. This research unit mainly focuses on invesigating the technical and economic feasibility of the biorefinery implementation into pulp and paper mills, developping processes simulations of biorefinery technologies, proposing new methodologies for energy optimization of the biorefinery units and pulp and paper processes. The study performed during this internship is part of a BioKrEn project (Biorefinery, Kraft and Energy) which involves several Canadian industrial partners,3 partner mills , 2 research laboratory FPInnovations and CanmetEnergy laboratory, leader in innovation of clean and renewable energetic solutions as well as several universities. The objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate a methodology and criteria to evaluate the feasibility of bioenergy proposals for Canadian Kraft pulp mills and, to propose optimized process designs that best integrate biorefining into existing mills. The first part of the BioKrEn project was to develop a reference Kraft mill simulation model using CADSIM Plus (a pulp and paper simulation software) platform. This reference Kraft mill representative of the current situation of Canadian Kraft mill in terms of capacity production, utilities consumption and equipment used will be used as a basis for biorefinery implementation. The objectives of this internship were first to complete and tune the simulation, to validate it and then to optimize it in terms of mass and energy using pinch methodology. This methodology is based on a combined energy and water analysis of the process in order to optimize water use and to limit the energy consumption in the process. The analysis of a subsystem of the process, the water network, is required before a complete data extraction for the further analysis is performed. This report contains all data, graphs, tables and results of this study. It also reflects the approach that will be followed with some observations, remarks, difficulties and benefits that this work has generated. Resulting projects will be submitted to the partners in order to show a real average Canadian Energy consumption. Conclusions and future work are given at the end of the report.

Black Liquor Gasification

Black Liquor Gasification Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-03-06
ISBN : 0081000154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Black Liquor Gasification (BLG) is a first of its kind to guide chemical engineers, students, operators of paper plants, technocrats, and entrepreneurs on practical guidelines and a holistic techno-enviro-economic perspective applicable to their future or existing projects based on the treatment of black liquor for energy production. BLG describes the gasification process as a more efficient alternative to current processes for the conversion of black liquor biomass into energy. BLG operates largely in sync with other methods to improve pulp-making efficiency. This book explains how BLG offers a way to generate electricity and to reclaim pulping chemicals from black liquor, and why BLG would replace the Tomlinson recovery boiler for the recovery of spent chemicals and energy. Describes the utilization of black liquor as a source of energy Provides a detailed account of black liquor gasification processes for the production of energy and chemicals from black liquor Provides guidelines to chemical engineers for the treatment of black liquor

Green Chemistry and Sustainability in Pulp and Paper Industry

Green Chemistry and Sustainability in Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-23
ISBN : 3319187449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book features in-depth and thorough coverage of Minimum Impact Mill Technologies which can meet the environmental challenges of the pulp and paper industry and also discusses Mills and Fiberlines that encompass “State-of-the-Art” technology and management practices. The minimum impact mill does not mean "zero effluent", nor is it exclusive to one bleaching concept. It is a much bigger concept which means that significant progress must be made in the following areas: Water Management, Internal Chemical Management, Energy Management, Control and Discharge of Non-Process Elements and Removal of Hazardous Pollutants. At the moment, there is no bleached kraft pulp mill operating with zero effluent. With the rise in environmental awareness due to the lobbying by environmental organizations and with increased government regulation there is now a trend towards sustainability in the pulp and paper industry. Sustainable pulp and paper manufacturing requires a holistic view of the manufacturing process. During the last decade, there have been revolutionary technical developments in pulping, bleaching and chemical recovery technology. These developments have made it possible to further reduce loads in effluents and airborne emissions. Thus, there has been a strong progress towards minimum impact mills in the pulp and paper industry. The minimum-impact mill is a holistic manufacturing concept that encompasses environmental management systems, compliance with environmental laws and regulations and manufacturing technologies.

Biorefinery Volarisation of Pulp and Paper Industry Side products for Bioplastic Production

Biorefinery  Volarisation of Pulp and Paper Industry Side  products for Bioplastic Production Book
Author : Sebastjan Huš,Maja Habulin,Mateja Primožič
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biorefinery Volarisation of Pulp and Paper Industry Side products for Bioplastic Production book written by Sebastjan Huš,Maja Habulin,Mateja Primožič, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels Chemicals and Polymers

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels  Chemicals  and Polymers Book
Author : Shang-Tian Yang,Hesham El-Ensashy,Nuttha Thongchul
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-05-24
ISBN : 1118641949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For researchers already familiar with biomass conversion technologies and for professionals in other fields, such as agriculture, food, and chemical industries, here is a comprehensive review of the emerging biorefinery industry. The book's content has been conveniently organized according to technologies (biomass feedstock and pretreatment, hydrolytic enzymes in biorefinery, and biofuels), with each chapter highlighting an important biobased industrial product. For undergraduate and graduate students, the book is a thorough introduction to biorefinery technologies.

Anaerobic Technology in Pulp and Paper Industry

Anaerobic Technology in Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-14
ISBN : 981104130X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a state-of-the-art report on the treatment of pulp and paper industry effluents using anaerobic technology. It covers a comprehensive range of topics, including the basic reasons for anaerobic treatment, comparison between anaerobic and aerobic treatment, effluent types suitable for anaerobic treatment, design considerations for anaerobic treatment, anaerobic reactor configurations applied for treatment of pulp and paper industry effluents, present status of anaerobic treatment in pulp and paper industry, economic aspects, examples of full scale installations and future trends.

Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing

Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-14
ISBN : 981107853X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides the most up-to-date information available on various biotechnological processes useful in the pulp and paper industry. The first edition was published in 2011, covering a specific biotechnological process or technique, discussing the advantages, limitations, and prospects of the most important and popular processes used in the industry. Many new developments have taken place in the last five years, warranting a second edition on this topic. The new edition contains about 35% new material covering topics in Laccase application in fibreboard; biotechnology in forestry; pectinases in papermaking; stickies control with pectinase; products from hemicelluloses; value added products from biorefinery lignin; use of enzymes in mechanical pulping.

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology Book
Author : Ashok Pandey,Rainer Höfer,Mohammad Taherzadeh,Madhavan Nampoothiri,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-08
ISBN : 0444634649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology provides a comprehensive look at the increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies needed for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular, the development of low-cost technologies. During the last 3-4 years, there have been scientific and technological developments in the area; this book represents the most updated information and technological perspective on the topic. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Provides information on integration of processes for the pretreatment of biomass Designed as a textbook for both graduate students and researchers

Advances in Biorefineries

Advances in Biorefineries Book
Author : Keith W. Waldron
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-04-28
ISBN : 0857097385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biorefineries are an essential technology in converting biomass into biofuels or other useful materials. Advances in Biorefineries provides a comprehensive overview of biorefining processing techniques and technologies, and the biofuels and other materials produced. Part one focuses on methods of optimizing the biorefining process and assessing its environmental and economic impact. It also looks at current and developing technologies for producing value-added materials. Part two goes on to explore these materials with a focus on biofuels and other value-added products. It considers the properties, limitations, and practical applications of these products and how they can be used to meet the increasing demand for renewable and sustainable fuels as an alternative to fossil fuels. Advances in Biorefineries is a vital reference for biorefinery/process engineers, industrial biochemists/chemists, biomass/waste scientists and researchers and academics in the field. A comprehensive and systematic reference on the advanced biomass recovery and conversion processes used in biorefineries Reviews developments in biorefining processes Discusses the wide range of value-added products from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives

Biomass Now

Biomass Now Book
Author : Miodrag Darko Matovic
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-04-30
ISBN : 9535111051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume book on biomass is a reflection of the increase in biomass related research and applications, driven by overall higher interest in sustainable energy and food sources, by increased awareness of potentials and pitfalls of using biomass for energy, by the concerns for food supply and by multitude of potential biomass uses as a source material in organic chemistry, bringing in the concept of bio-refinery. It reflects the trend in broadening of biomass related research and an increased focus on second-generation bio-fuels. Its total of 40 chapters spans over diverse areas of biomass research, grouped into 9 themes.

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels Book
Author : R. Navanietha Krishnaraj,Rajesh K. Sani
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-10-25
ISBN : 0128179511
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels addresses advanced technologies for converting waste to biofuels and value-added products. Biovalorisation has several advantages over conventional bioremediation processes as it helps reduce the costs of bioprocesses. Examples are provided of several successfully commercialized technologies, giving insight into developing, potential processes for biovalorisation of different wastes. Different bioprocess strategies are discussed for valorising the wastes coming from the leather industry, olive oil industry, pulp and paper, winery, textile, and food industries, as well as aquaculture. A section on biorefinery for hydrocarbons and emerging contaminants is included to cover concepts on biodesulfurization of petroleum wastes, leaching of heavy metals from E - waste, and bioelectrochemical processes for CO2. Chapters on algal biorefinery are also included to focus on the technologies for conversion of CO2 sequestration and wastewater utilization. Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels can be used as course material for graduate students in chemical engineering, chemistry, and biotechnology, and as a reference for industrial professionals and researchers who want to gain a basic understanding on the subject. Covers a wide range of topics, from the conversion of wastes to organic acids, biofuels, biopolymers and industrially relevant products Bridges the gap between academics and industry Written in a lucid and self-explanatory style Includes activities/quiz/critical questions