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Bionanocomposites

Bionanocomposites Book
Author : Khalid Mahmod Zia,Farukh Jabeen,Muhammad Naveed Anjum,Saiqa Ikram
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-21
ISBN : 0128168900
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bionanocomposites: Green Synthesis and Applications provides an in-depth study on the synthesis of a variety of bionanocomposites from different types of raw materials. In addition, the book offers an overview on the synthesis and applications of environmentally friendly bionanocomposites, with an emphasis on bionanocomposites of natural products. Final sections focus on various characterization techniques, their production, and the future prospects of sustainable bionanocomposites. Outlines the major characterization methods and processing techniques for bionanocomposites Explores how bionanocomopsites are being used to design new projects in medicine and environmental engineering Discusses how the properties of a variety of bionanocomposite classes make them suitable for particular industrial applications

Bionanocomposites

Bionanocomposites Book
Author : Carole Aimé,Thibaud Coradin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-07-24
ISBN : 1118942256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beginning with a general overview of nanocomposites, Bionanocomposites: Integrating Biological Processes for Bio-inspired Nanotechnologies details the systems available in nature (nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids) that can be integrated within suitable inorganic matrices for specific applications. Describing the relationship between architecture, hierarchy and function, this book aims at pointing out how bio-systems can be key components of nanocomposites. The text then reviews the design principles, structures, functions and applications of bionanocomposites. It also includes a section presenting related technical methods to help readers identify and understand the most widely used analytical tools such as mass spectrometry, calorimetry, and impedance spectroscopy, among others.

Handbook of Bionanocomposites

Handbook of Bionanocomposites Book
Author : Shakeel Ahmed,Suvardhan Kanchi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 135117066X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced bionanocomposite materials continue to be increasingly popular and are important for a wide range of scientific and engineering applications. In the race to exploit the unique mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of bionanocomposite materials, researchers need to address new challenges in predicting, understanding, and managing the potentially adverse effects these materials could have on the environment and human life. This book focuses on the fundamentals of bionanostructured materials and bionanocomposites. It deals with some recent developments in the synthesis and characterization of bionanomaterials as well as their incorporation into polymer matrixes. The biological applications of bionanomaterials are also discussed in detail, along with the synthesis of bionanostructured materials and bionanocomposites, reviews of food packing, water remediation, heavy metal ion adsorption from wastewaters, and other industrial applications. This book is aimed at beginners in this field as well as advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of materials science and researchers working in the fields of bionanocomposites, nanotechnology, and analytical chemistry, especially those with an interest in materials for analytical applications.

Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Shakeel Ahmed,Annu Tomer
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-06-03
ISBN : 0128216344
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine explores novel uses of these in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This book offers an interdisplinary approach, combining chemical, biomedical engineering, materials science and pharmacological aspects of the characterization, synthesis and application of bionanocomposites. Chapters cover a broad selection of bionanocomposites including chitosan, alginate and more, which are utilized in tissue engineering, wound healing, bone repair, drug formulation, cancer therapy, drug delivery, cartilage regeneration and dental implants. Additional sections of Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine discuss, in detail, the safety aspects and circular economy of bionanocomposites – offering an insight into the commercial and industrial aspects of these important materials. Bionanocomposites in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine will prove a highly useful text for for those in the fields of biomedical engineering, chemistry, pharmaceutics and materials science, both in academia and industrial R&D groups. Each bionanocomposite type is covered individually, providing specific and detailed information for each material Covers a range of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications, from dental and bone engineering to cancer therapy Offers an integrated approach, with contributions from authors across a variety of related disciplines, including biomedical engineering, chemistry and materials science

Rubber Based Bionanocomposites

Rubber Based Bionanocomposites Book
Author : Visakh P. M.
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-15
ISBN : 3319488066
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading researchers from industry, academy, government and private research institutions across the globe have contributed to this book, which presents all types of rubber blend composites based on biomaterials as well as nanocomposites. It discusses the fundamental preparation methods of these materials and summarizes many of the latest technical research advances, offering an essential guide for academics, researchers, scientists, engineers and students alike.

Bionanocomposites for Packaging Applications

Bionanocomposites for Packaging Applications Book
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Sarat Kumar Swain
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 331967319X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a unified overview of eco-friendly bionanocomposites on the basis of characterization, design, manufacture, and application. It also explores replacing conventional materials with bionanocomposites with a focus on their use in packaging applications. In addition, the book broadens readers’ insights by providing illustrations and tables summarizing the latest research on the packaging applications of different bionanocomposites. By offering a detailed account of this field of research and describing real-world applications, it enables researchers, scientists, and professionals in industry to develop a more informed understanding of the need for bionanocomposites in the development of green, biodegradable, and sustainable packaging applications.

Polypropylene Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites

Polypropylene Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites Book
Author : Visakh P. M.,Matheus Poletto
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-12-18
ISBN : 1119283612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses new developments in an up-to-date, coherent and objective set of chapters by eminent researchers in the area of polypropylene-based biocomposites and bionanocomposites. It covers, biomaterials such as cellulose, chitin, starch, soy protein, hemicelluloses, polylactic acid and polyhydroxyalkanoates. Other important topics such as hybrid biocomposites and bionanocomposites of polypropylene, biodegradation study of polypropylene-based biocomposites and bionanocomposites, polypropylene-based bionanocomposites for packaging applications, polypropylene-based carbon nanomaterials reinforced nanocomposites, degradation and flame retardency of polypropylene-based composites and nanocomposites, are covered as well.

Polyethylene Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites

Polyethylene Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites Book
Author : Visakh P. M.,Sigrid Lüftl
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-10-20
ISBN : 1119038553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodegradable polymers have experienced a growing interest in recent years for applications in packaging, agriculture, automotive, medicine, and other areas. One of the drivers for this development is the great quantity of synthetic plastic discarded improperly in the environment. Therefore, R&D in industry and in academic research centers, search for materials that are reprocessable and biodegradable. This unique book comprises 12 chapters written by subject specialists and is a state-of-the-art look at all types of polyethylene-based biocomposites and bionanocomposites. It includes deep discussion on the preparation, characterisation and applications of composites and nanocomposites of polyethylene-based biomaterials such as cellulose, chitin, starch, soy protein, PLA, casein, hemicellulose, PHA and bacterial cellulose.

Multiscaled PVA Bionanocomposite Films

Multiscaled PVA Bionanocomposite Films Book
Author : Mohanad Mousa,Yu Dong
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-20
ISBN : 981158771X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights a novel and holistic approach to multiscaled PVA bionanocomposite films used for electrical sensing, medical and packaging applications. With a combination of material characterization and modeling to understand the effect of nanoparticle size and shape, as well as 3D interphase properties and features such as interphase modulus and nanoscale dimensions, this book substantiates how excellent mechanical and thermal properties of these materials are achieved. Also it addresses the importance of using economical and ecofriendly bionanocomposites as potential green materials to support the goal of environmental sustainability with multifunctional properties.

Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites

Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Abou el Kacem Qaiss,Rachid Bouhfid
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-12
ISBN : 9811019533
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is part of a two-volume book series that exhaustively reviews the key recent research into nanoclay reinforced polymer composites. This second volume focuses on nanoclay based nanocomposites and bionanocomposites fabrication, characterization and applications. This includes classification of nanoclay, chemical modification and processing techniques of nanocomposites. The book also provides comprehensive information about nanoclay modification and functionalization; modification of nanoclay systems, geological and mineralogical research on clays suitability; bio-nanocomposites based on nanoclays; modelling of mechanical behaviour of halloysite based composites; mechanical and thermal properties of halloysite nanocomposites; the effect of Nanoclays on gas barrier properties of polymers and modified nanocomposites. This book is a valuable reference guide for academics and industrial practitioners alike.

Polyvinyl Alcohol Halloysite Nanotube Bionanocomposites as Biodegradable Packaging Materials

Polyvinyl Alcohol Halloysite Nanotube Bionanocomposites as Biodegradable Packaging Materials Book
Author : Zainab Waheed Abdullah,Yu Dong
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-10
ISBN : 9811573565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the preparation and characterisation of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/ halloysite nanotube (HNT) bionanocomposite films with different HNT contents for potential use in food packaging. It examines the effect of material composition and nanofiller content on mechanical, thermal and optical properties in relation to their morphological structures, and also comprehensively describes the water resistance, biodegradation and migration rates of such bionanocomposites, as well as their barrier properties in terms of water vapour transmission, and water vapour, air and oxygen permeabilities. Further, this book discusses the use of Nielsen model and Cussler model to predict the relative permeability of bionanocomposites, demonstrating that Nielsen model is more effective and in better agreement with experimental data obtained. Lastly, it discusses the application of bionanocomposite films in food packaging to prolong the shelf life of freshly cut avocados and peaches.

Biocomposites

Biocomposites Book
Author : Shakeel Ahmed,Saiqa Ikram,Suvardhan Kanchi,Krishna Bisetty
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 135161715X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocomposites, formed by a matrix and a reinforcement of natural fibers, often mimic the structure of living materials and offer the strength of the matrix as well as biocompatibility. Being renewable, cheap, recyclable, and biodegradable, they have witnessed rapidly growing interest in terms of industrial and fundamental applications. This book focuses on fiber-based composites applied to biomedical and environmental applications. It presents a comprehensive survey of biocomposites from the existing literature, paying particular attention to various biomedical and environmental applications. The text describes mechanical designs and manufacturing aspects of various fibrous polymer matrix composites and presents examples of the synthesis and development of bionanocomposites and their applications. The book is the first of its kind to present all these topics together unlike most other books on nano-/biocomposites that are generally limited to their fundamentals, different methods of synthesis, and applications.

Advanced Water Treatment

Advanced Water Treatment Book
Author : Mika Sillanpaa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-08
ISBN : 0128192178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Water Treatment: Adsorption discusses the application of adsorption in water purification. The book reviews research findings on the preparation of five different nano/microcellulose-based adsorbents, their characterization, the study of adsorption kinetics and isotherms, the determination of adsorption mechanisms, and an evaluation of adsorbents’ regeneration properties. The book describes modification microfibrillated cellulose (MFC), the use of succinic anhydride modified mercerized nanocellulose, and aminosilane and hydroxyapatite modified nanostructured MFC for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions. Final sections describe the use of aminosilane, epoxy and hydroxyapatite modified MFC as a promising alternative for H2S removal from aqueous solutions, along with new findings on the adsorption properties of carbonated hydroxyapatite modified MFC as multifunctional adsorbent for the removal of both cations and anions ions from water. Includes the most recent research on advanced water treatment by adsorption Provides the latest updates on novel absorbents for water purification Describes REE removal using various absorbents Covers a wide range of methods and their integration

Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings

Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings Book
Author : Sam Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-06-18
ISBN : 1420093975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Authored by leading experts from around the world, the three-volume Handbook of Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings gives scientific researchers and product engineers a resource as dynamic and flexible as the field itself. The first two volumes cover the latest research and application of the mechanical and functional properties of thin films and coatings, while the third volume explores the cutting-edge organic nanostructured devices used to produce clean energy. This second volume, Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings: Functional Properties, focuses on functional properties (i.e., optical, electronic, and electrical) and related devices and applications. It also addresses topics such as: Large-scale fabrication of functional thin films using nanoarchitecture via chemical routes Fabrication and characterization of SiC nanostructured/nanocomposite films Low-dimensional nanocomposite fabrication and its applications Optical and optoelectronic properties of silicon nanocrystals embedded in SiO2 matrix Electrical properties of silicon nanocrystals embedded in amorphous SiO2 matrix Optical aspects of properties and applications of sol-gel-derived nanostructured thin films Controllably micro/nanostructured films and devices Thin-film shape memory alloy for microsystem applications A complete resource, this handbook provides the detailed explanations that newcomers need, as well as the latest cutting-edge research and data for experts. Covering a wide range of mechanical and functional technologies, including those used in clean energy, these books also feature figures, tables, and images that will aid research and help professionals acquire and maintain a solid grasp of this burgeoning field. The Handbook of Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings is composed of this volume and two others: Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings: Mechanical Properties Organic Nanostructured Thin Film Devices and Coatings for Clean Energy

Bionanocomposites

Bionanocomposites Book
Author : Khalid Mahmod Zia,Farukh Jabeen,Muhammad Naveed Anjum
Publisher : Micro and Nano Technologies
Release : 2019-12
ISBN : 9780128167519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bionanocomposites: Green Synthesis and Applications provides an in-depth study on the synthesis of a variety of bionanocomposites from different types of raw materials. In addition, the book offers an overview on the synthesis and applications of environmentally friendly bionanocomposites, with an emphasis on bionanocomposites of natural products. Final sections focus on various characterization techniques, their production, and the future prospects of sustainable bionanocomposites. Outlines the major characterization methods and processing techniques for bionanocomposites Explores how bionanocomopsites are being used to design new projects in medicine and environmental engineering Discusses how the properties of a variety of bionanocomposite classes make them suitable for particular industrial applications

Bionanocomposites for Food Packaging Applications

Bionanocomposites for Food Packaging Applications Book
Author : Shakeel Ahmed
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-05-15
ISBN : 9780323885287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bionanocomposites for Food Packaging Applications provides fundamental information on recent developments in this important field of research. The book comprehensively summarizes recent technical research accomplishments in bionanocomposites for food packaging applications. It discusses various aspects of green and sustainable bionanocomposites from the point-of-view of chemistry and engineering. Key chapters include methods of fabrication, processing and advanced production techniques, characterization, PLA, PCL, PGA, Poly (butylene succinate), Chitosan, Starch, Cellulose, PHAs, PHB, Carrageenan, Lignin and Protein-based bionanocomposites for food packaging applications. In addition, the book highlights lifecycle analysis and impacts on health and the environment. Modern technologies for processing and strategies for improving performance, such as biodegradability and permeability, both of which are key factors to achieve environmentally friendly alternatives to more traditional plastic materials are also included. Covers all types of bionanocomposites for packaging Provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review on the latest research Addresses lifecycle analysis and impacts on the environmental and health Covers safety aspects and the circular economy

Mechanical and Dynamic Properties of Biocomposites

Mechanical and Dynamic Properties of Biocomposites Book
Author : Senthilkumar Krishnasamy,Rajini Nagarajan,Senthil Muthu Kumar Thiagamani,Suchart Siengchin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-30
ISBN : 3527822321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanical and Dynamic Properties of Biocomposites A comprehensive review of the properties of biocomposites and their applications Mechanical and Dynamic Properties of Biocomposites offers a comprehensive overview of the mechanical and dynamic properties of biocomposites and natural fiber-reinforced polymer composites. This essential resource helps with materials selection in the development of products in the fields of automotive and aerospace engineering as well as the construction of structures in civil engineering. With contributions from a panel of experts in the field, the book reviews the mechanical and damping properties of lingo-cellulosic fibers and their composites. The authors highlight the factors that contribute to the improved properties and their advancements in modern industrialization. Besides, the book is designed to (a) introduce the mechanical and damping properties of lingo-cellulosic fibers and their composites, (b) factors that contribute to improvement in properties such as hybridization, chemical treatment of natural fibers, additive or fillers, etc. and (c) the real-time applications with case studies and future prospects. Key features: Presents viable alternatives to conventional composites Examines the environmentally friendly and favorable mechanical properties of biocomposites Reviews the potential applications of biocomposites in the fields of automotive, mechanical and civil engineering Brings together in one comprehensive resource information found scattered across the professional literature Written for materials scientists, polymer chemists, chemists in industry, civil engineers, construction engineers, and engineering scientists in industry, Mechanical and Dynamic Properties of BIocomposites offers a compreshensive review of the properties and applications of biocomposites.

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products Book
Author : Inamuddin,Anish Khan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030618374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book discusses various processes of feedstocks bioconversion such as bioconversion of food waste, human manure, industrial waste, beverage waste, kitchen waste, organic waste, fruit and vegetable, poultry waste, solid waste, agro-industrial waste, cow dung, steroid, lignocellulosic residue, biomass, natural gas etc. Nowadays, the industrial revolution and urbanization have made human life comfortable. However, this requires excess usage of natural resources starting from food and food products, to energy resources, materials as well as chemicals. The excess use of natural resources for human comfort is expected to high fuel prices, decline natural resources as well as cause a huge hike in the cost of raw materials. These factors are pushing researchers to grow environmentally friendly processes and techniques based on inexpensive and sustainable feedstock to accomplish such worldwide targets. Bioconversion, otherwise called biotransformation, is the change of natural materials, for example, plant or animal waste, into usable items or energy sources by microorganisms. Bioconversion is an environmentally friendly benevolent choice to supplant the well-established chemical procedures utilized these days for the production of chemicals and fuels. A variety of alternatives advancements are being considered and are directly accessible to acquire diverse valuable end-products through bioprocesses. This book discusses in detail the process and techniques of bioconversion by focusing on the organic feedstock of animal and plant origin. It brings solutions to the bioconversion of various feedstock into value-added products.

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Khouloud Jlassi,Mohamed M. Chehimi,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-07-26
ISBN : 0323461611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites is a complete summary of the existing knowledge on this topic, from the basic concepts of synthesis and design to their applications in timely topics such as high-performance composites, environment, and energy issues. This book covers many aspects of synthesis such as in- situ polymerization within the interlamellar spacing of the clays or by reaction of pristine or pre-modified clays with reactive polymers and prepolymers. Indeed, nanocomposites can be prepared at industrial scale by melt mixing. Regardless the synthesis method, much is said in this book about the importance of theclay pre-modification step, which is demonstrated to be effective, on many occasions, in obtaining exfoliated nanocomposites. Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites reports the background to numerous characterization methods including solid state NMR, neutron scattering, diffraction and vibrational techniques as well as surface analytical methods, namely XPS, inverse gas chromatography and nitrogen adsorption to probe surface composition, wetting and textural/structural properties. Although not described in dedicated chapters, numerous X-ray diffraction patterns of clay–polymer nanocomposites and reference materials are displayed to account for the effects of intercalation and exfoliations of layered aluminosilicates. Finally, multiscale molecular simulation protocols are presenting for predicting morphologies and properties of nanostructured polymer systems with industrial relevance. As far as applications are concerned, Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites examines structural composites such as clay–epoxy and clay–biopolymers, the use of clay–polymer nanocomposites as reactive nanocomposite fillers, catalytic clay-(conductive) polymers and similar nanocomposites for the uptake of hazardous compounds or for controlled drug release, antibacterial applications, energy storage, and more. The most comprehensive coverage of the state of the art in clay–polymer nanocomposites, from synthesis and design to opportunities and applications Covers the various methods of characterization of clay–polymer nanocomposites - including spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and X-ray diffraction Includes a discussion of a range of application areas, including biomedicine, energy storage, biofouling resistance, and more

Composites for Environmental Engineering

Composites for Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Shakeel Ahmed,Saif Ali Chaudhry
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-10-08
ISBN : 1119555353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composites are materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties. The two materials combine together to give a new material with higher strength, toughness, stiffness, but also a higher resistance to creep, corrosion, wear or fatigue compared to conventional materials. It is composed primarily of a matrix i.e. a continuous phase which is armoured with secondary discontinues reinforcement phase. These materials have been used in a variety of products viz. spacecrafts, sporting goods, catalyst, sensors, actuators, biomedical materials, batteries, cars, furniture, aircraft components, etc. This book focusses on processing, properties of various types of composite materials, as well as their environmental engineering applications. This book examines the current state of art, new challenges, and opportunities of composites in environmental engineering. The chapters in this book covers nearly every topic related to composites in environmental engineering in four broad perspectives: (i) classification of composites (ii) green/hybrid synthesis and characterization of nano and biocomposites (iii) processing of composite materials (iv) state-of–the-art in fabricating the composites - nano and biocomposites - for environmental applications.