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Biomineralization And Biomaterials

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Biomineralization and Biomaterials

Biomineralization and Biomaterials Book
Author : Conrado Aparicio,Maria Pau Ginebra
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-09-28
ISBN : 1782423567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomineralization is a natural process by which living organisms form minerals in association with organic biostructures to form hybrid biological materials such as bone, enamel, dentine and nacre among others. Scientists have researched the fundamentals of these processes and the unique structures and properties of the resulting mineralized tissues. Inspired by them, new biomaterials for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have been developed in recent years. Biomineralization and biomaterials: fundamentals and applications looks at the characteristics of these essential processes and natural materials and describes strategies and technologies to biomimetically design and produce biomaterials with improved biological performance. Provides a thorough overview of the biomineralization process Presents the most recent information on the natural process by which crystals in tissues form into inorganic structures such as bone, teeth, and other natural mineralized tissues Investigates methods for improving mineralization Explores new techniques that will help improve the biomimetic process

Biomineralisation and Biomaterials

Biomineralisation and Biomaterials Book
Author : Conrado Aparicio,Maria Pau Ginebra
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2015-09-25
ISBN : 9781782423386
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomineralization is a natural process by which living organisms form minerals in association with organic biostructures to form hybrid biological materials such as bone, enamel, dentine and nacre among others. Scientists have researched the fundamentals of these processes and the unique structures and properties of the resulting mineralized tissues. Inspired by them, new biomaterials for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have been developed in recent years. Biomineralization and biomaterials: fundamentals and applications looks at the characteristics of these essential processes and natural materials and describes strategies and technologies to biomimetically design and produce biomaterials with improved biological performance. Provides a thorough overview of the biomineralization process Presents the most recent information on the natural process by which crystals in tissues form into inorganic structures such as bone, teeth, and other natural mineralized tissues Investigates methods for improving mineralization Explores new techniques that will help improve the biomimetic process

Handbook of Biomineralization

Handbook of Biomineralization Book
Author : Peter Behrens,Edmund Bäuerlein
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-09-28
ISBN : 9783527318056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first comprehensive overview of the modern aspects of biomineralization represents life and materials science at its best: Bioinspired pathways are the hot topics in many disciplines and this holds especially true for biomineralization. Here, the editors -- well-known members of associations and prestigious institutes -- have assembled an international team of renowned authors to provide first-hand research results. This second volume deals with biometic model systems in biomineralization, including the biomineral approach to bionics, bioinspired materials synthesis and bio-supported materials chemistry, encapsulation and the imaging of internal nanostructures of biominerals. An interdisciplinary must-have account, for biochemists, bioinorganic chemists, lecturers in chemistry and biochemistry, materials scientists, biologists, and solid state physicists.

Bone Substitute Biomaterials

Bone Substitute Biomaterials Book
Author : K. Mallick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-08-05
ISBN : 0857099035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bone substitute biomaterials are fundamental to the biomedical sector, and have recently benefitted from extensive research and technological advances aimed at minimizing failure rates and reducing the need for further surgery. This book reviews these developments, with a particular focus on the desirable properties for bone substitute materials and their potential to encourage bone repair and regeneration. Part I covers the principles of bone substitute biomaterials for medical applications. One chapter reviews the quantification of bone mechanics at the whole-bone, micro-scale, and non-scale levels, while others discuss biomineralization, osteoductivization, materials to fill bone defects, and bioresorbable materials. Part II focuses on biomaterials as scaffolds and implants, including multi-functional scaffolds, bioceramics, and titanium-based foams. Finally, Part III reviews further materials with the potential to encourage bone repair and regeneration, including cartilage grafts, chitosan, inorganic polymer composites, and marine organisms. Provides a detailed and accurate overview of the bone substitute biomaterials, a fundamental part of the biomaterials and biomedical sector Provides readers with the principles of bone substitute biomaterials Reviews biomaterials for bone regeneration

Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers

Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers Book
Author : Aldo R. Boccaccini,J Gough
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-10-31
ISBN : 1845693817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technology and research in the field of tissue engineering has drastically increased within the last few years to the extent that almost every tissue and organ of the human body could potentially be regenerated. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Tissue Engineering using Ceramics and Polymers reviews the latest research and advances in this thriving area and how they can be used to develop treatments for disease states. Part one discusses general issues such as ceramic and polymeric biomaterials, scaffolds, transplantation of engineered cells, surface modification and drug delivery. Later chapters review characterisation using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and secondary ion mass spectrometry as well as environmental scanning electron microscopy and Raman micro-spectroscopy. Chapters in part two analyse bone regeneration and specific types of tissue engineering and repair such as cardiac, intervertebral disc, skin, kidney and bladder tissue. The book concludes with the coverage of themes such as nerve bioengineering and the micromechanics of hydroxyapatite-based biomaterials and tissue scaffolds. Tissue Engineering using Ceramics and Polymers is an innovative reference for professionals and academics involved in the field of tissue engineering. An innovative and up-to-date reference for professionals and academics Environmental scanning electron microscopy is discussed Analyses bone regeneration and specific types of tisue engineering

Monitoring and Evaluation of Biomaterials and their Performance In Vivo

Monitoring and Evaluation of Biomaterials and their Performance In Vivo Book
Author : Roger Narayan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-11-11
ISBN : 0081006047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Monitoring and Evaluation of Biomaterials and Their Performance In Vivo provides essential information for scientists and researchers who need to assess and evaluate performance, monitor biological responses, gauge efficacy, and observe changes over time. Crucially, it also enables the optimization of design for future biomaterials and implants. This book presents readers with comprehensive coverage of the topic of in vivo monitoring of medical implants and biomaterials. Contains a specific focus on monitoring and evaluation of biomaterials in vivo Multi-faceted coverage of materials function and performance Focuses on a range of implants and subsequent bodily reactions

Biomineralization

Biomineralization Book
Author : Frédéric Marin,Isidoro Giorgio Lesci
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9783038355915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the Special topic volume with invited peer reviewed papers only. The 25 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: From Microbes to Molluscs: Non-Vertebrate Models in Biomineralization; Chapter 2: Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Proteomics for Studying Biominerals; Chapter 3: Biomaterials for Biomedical Application; Chapter 4: Biominerals as Sentinels for Environmental Studies

Biological Materials Science

Biological Materials Science Book
Author : Marc André Meyers,Po-Yu Chen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-07-31
ISBN : 1107010454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Takes a materials science approach, correlating structure-property relationships with function across a broad range of biological materials.

Octacalcium Phosphate Biomaterials

Octacalcium Phosphate Biomaterials Book
Author : Gerard Insley,Osamu Suzuki
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-20
ISBN : 0081025122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Octacalcium Phosphate Biomaterials: Past, Present and Future is a comprehensive study of octacalcium phosphate (OCP), a next generation biomaterial for bone regeneration. By focusing both on fundamental research and the use of OCP as a scaffold material, this book explores its potential to deliver improved clinical results. Early chapters in the book discuss OCP's effects on bone cell activity, cellular interactions and their role in bone formation, repair and replacement. Later chapters cover topics such as drug delivery, synthesis methodologies and future analysis techniques. This will be an invaluable and unique resource for researchers, clinicians, students and industrialists in the area of orthopedics and dentistry. OCP is known to be a pre-cursor to hydroxyapatite in the human biomineralization process that forms bone and tooth enamel. Research studies that have emerged in recent years suggest OCP's tremendous potential as a bioactive material. Contains comprehensive, up-to-date information on the basic science, including physical, chemical and biological properties Presents the clinical potential of octacalcium phosphate biomaterials Provides a reference point for new research and increased activity in the area of next generation smarter biomaterials for hard tissue repair and regeneration

Biomineralization

Biomineralization Book
Author : Kazuyoshi Endo,Toshihiro Kogure,Hiromichi Nagasawa
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-09
ISBN : 9811310025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book is the proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Biomineralization (BIOMIN XIV) held in 2017 at Tsukuba. Over the past 45 years, biomineralization research has unveiled details of the characteristics of the nano-structure of various biominerals; the formation mechanism of this nano-structure, including the initial stage of crystallization; and the function of organic matrices in biominerals, and this knowledge has been applied to dental, medical, pharmaceutical, materials, agricultural and environmental sciences and paleontology. As such, biomineralization is an important interdisciplinary research area, and further advances are expected in both fundamental and applied research.

Biomineralization

Biomineralization Book
Author : Hiromichi Nagasawa,Toshihiro Kogure,Kazuyoshi Endo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-10-09
ISBN : 9781013274404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book is the proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Biomineralization (BIOMIN XIV) held in 2017 at Tsukuba. Over the past 45 years, biomineralization research has unveiled details of the characteristics of the nano-structure of various biominerals; the formation mechanism of this nano-structure, including the initial stage of crystallization; and the function of organic matrices in biominerals, and this knowledge has been applied to dental, medical, pharmaceutical, materials, agricultural and environmental sciences and paleontology. As such, biomineralization is an important interdisciplinary research area, and further advances are expected in both fundamental and applied research. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.

Cellular Response to Biomaterials

Cellular Response to Biomaterials Book
Author : Lucy Di Silvio
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-12-22
ISBN : 184569547X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The response of cells to biomaterials is critical in medical devices. Traditionally inert biomaterials were used to minimise the reaction in cells in contact with the material. However, it has been realised that specific cell responses may be beneficial in such areas as encouraging adhesion, healing or cell multiplication. Cellular response to biomaterials discusses the response of cells to a wide range of biomaterials targeted at specific medical applications. Part one discusses cell responses to a variety of polymers and ceramics with chapters on such topics as degradable polymers and biocompatibility. Part two covers cell responses and regenerative medicine with coverage of themes such as vascular grafts, nerve repair and Bioglass®. Part three examines the effect of surfaces and proteins on cell response. Specific chapters review nano-engineered surfaces, the influence of plasma proteins on bone cell adhesion and surface modification of titanium implants. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Cellular response to biomaterials is an essential read for those researching or studying medical devices in industry and academia. Examines the response of cells to a wide range of biomaterials targeted at specific medical applications Discusses cell responses and regenerative medicine with specific chapters on vascular grafts and nerve repair Assesses the effect of surfaces and proteins on cell response including the influence of plasma proteins on cell adhesion and surface modification of titanium implants

Minerals latu sensu and Human Health

Minerals latu sensu and Human Health Book
Author : Celso Gomes,Michel Rautureau
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-18
ISBN : 303065706X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive academic review of both positive and negative effects of minerals on human health and quality of life. The book adopts the concept of mineral latu sensu (mineral l.s.), which encompasses a broad spectrum of natural, inorganic, solid, and crystalline, of natural and inorganic chemical elements (metals and metalloids), of modified natural minerals, of biominerals, and of syntetic minerals, all products that branch across the disciplines of earth, soil, environmental, materials, nutrition, and health sciences. Using this broad framework, the authors are able to provide a multidisciplinary assessment on many types of minerals which can be essential, beneficial and hazardous to human health, covering applications in medical geology, medical hydrology or balneotherapy, pharmacology, chemistry, nutrition, and biophysics. The book performs historical analyses of the uses of minerals for therapeutic and cosmetic purposes to better understand current trends and developments in mineral research and human health. The book will be of interest to students, public health officials, environmental agencies and researchers from various disciplines, as well as scientific societies and organizations focusing on medical geology, health resort medicine (crenotherapy, hydrotherapy and climatotherapy), and on pharmaceutical, cosmetic and biomedical applications.

Biomineralization I

Biomineralization I Book
Author : Kensuke Naka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007
ISBN : 3540463798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In nature, biological organisms produce mineralized tissues such as bone, teeth, diatoms, and shells. Biomineralization is the sophisticated process of production of these inorganic minerals by living organisms. Construction of organic–inorganic hybrid materials with controlled mineralization analogous to those produced by nature has recently received much attention because it can aid in understanding the mechanisms of the biomineralization process and development of biomimetic materials processing. The biomineralization ? processes use aqueous solutions at temperatures below 100 C and no toxic intermediates are produced in these systems. From a serious global en- ronmental problem point of view, the development of processes inspired by biomineralization would offer valuable insights into material science and en- neering to reduce energy consumption and environmental impact. One of the most challenging scienti?c problems is to gain greater insight into the mol- ular interactions occurring at the interface between the inorganic mineral and the macromolecular organic matrix. Model systems are often regarded as a straight-forward experimental approach toward biomimetic crystallization. Hierarchical architectures consisting of small building blocks of inorganic cr- tals are often found in biominerals. Studies of nanocrystal self-organization in solution systems would also be helpful for understanding biomineralization. In these volumes, we focus on construction of organic–inorganic hybrid - terials with controlled mineralization inspired by natural biomineralization. In the?rst volume, thereader will ?nd contributionsproviding abasic scopeof the mineralization process in aqueous solution.

BioNanotechnology

BioNanotechnology Book
Author : Elisabeth Papazoglou,Aravind Parthasarathy
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-01
ISBN : 3031016181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to provide vital information about the growing field of bionanotechnology for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as working professionals in various fields. The fundamentals of nanotechnology are covered along with several specific bionanotechnology applications, including nanobioimaging and drug delivery which is a growing $100 billions industry. The uniqueness of the field has been brought out with unparalleled lucidity; a balance between important insight into the synthetic methods of preparing stable nano-structures and medical applications driven focus educates and informs the reader on the impact of this emerging field. Critical examination of potential threats followed by a current global outlook completes the discussion. In short, the book takes you through a journey from fundamentals to frontiers of bionanotechnology so that you can understand and make informed decisions on the impact of bionano on your career and business.

Biomineralization Sourcebook

Biomineralization Sourcebook Book
Author : Elaine DiMasi,Laurie B. Gower
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-02-25
ISBN : 1466518359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What does it mean to be at the forefront of a characterization technique? Novel implementation and research, finding new ways to visualize composites, and new techniques all play a role. Yet with the myriad of advances in the field, keeping up with new and advanced techniques, often from many different areas, has become a challenge. Biomineralization Sourcebook: Characterization of Biominerals and Biomimetic Materials emphasizes the interplay between multiple techniques at their current frontiers and explores how such studies may be carried out. The book addresses atomic and molecular structure: how it is described, detected, and assessed for importance. It then highlights additional measurements especially well-suited to looking at two- and three-dimensional systems with heterogeneous, if not hierarchical, structure. These systems enable particular aspects of biominerals and biomimetic models to be scrutinized. The text presents state-of-the-art methods to assess properties of the composite, and represents current approaches and aspirations to measuring entire biological working structures while retaining as much fine-grained biophysical information as possible. In all these chapters, authors showcase discoveries from their own programs. Along the way, the book takes you on a tour from microscopy's eighteenth century roots, to the recent literature and diverse research programs of the contributing investigators, to the multi-million dollar National Laboratory facilities that all play their roles to illuminate the ever-fascinating biominerals. A snapshot of the state of the art in a spectrum of experimental techniques applied to a common interdisciplinary goal, where the ability to use the more advanced techniques often requires funding for collaboration and travel, the book will deepen the appreciation for the massive interdisciplinary effort underway, educate researchers across the field, and motivate new collaborations.

Biomimetics

Biomimetics Book
Author : Amitava Mukherjee
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2010-03-01
ISBN : 9533070250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nature’s evolution has led to the introduction of highly efficient biological mechanisms. Imitating these mechanisms offers an enormous potential for the improvement of our day to day life. Ideally, by bio-inspiration we can get a better view of nature’s capability while studying its models and adapting it for our benefit. This book takes us into the interesting world of biomimetics and describes various arenas where the technology is applied. The 25 chapters covered in this book disclose recent advances and new ideas in promoting the mechanism and applications of biomimetics.

Marine Biological Materials of Invertebrate Origin

Marine Biological Materials of Invertebrate Origin Book
Author : Hermann Ehrlich
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-17
ISBN : 3319924834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The work is a source of modern knowledge on biomineralization, biomimetics and bioinspired materials science with respect to marine invertebrates. The author gives the most coherent analysis of the nature, origin and evolution of biocomposites and biopolymers isolated from and observed in the broad diversity of marine invertebrate organisms and within their unusual structural formations. The basic format is that of a major review article, with liberal use of references to original literature. There is a wealth of new and newly synthesized information, including dozens of previously unpublished images of unique marine creatures and structures from nano- to microscale including high-resolution scanning and transmission electron micrographs. The material is organized effectively along both biological (phyla) and functional lines. The classification of biological materials of marine origin is proposed and discussed. Much of the pertinent data is organized into tables, and extensive use is made of electron micrographs and line drawings. Several modern topics e.g. “biomineralization- demineralization-remineralization phenomena”, or “phenomenon of multiphase biomineralization”, are discussed in details. Traditionally, such current concepts as hierarchical organization of biocomposites and skeletal structures, structural bioscaffolds, biosculpturing, biomimetism and bioinspiration as tools for the design of innovative materials are critically analyzed from both biological and materials science point of view using numerous unique examples of marine origin. This monograph reviews the most relevant advances in the marine biomaterials research field, pointing out several approaches being introduced and explored by distinct laboratories.

Surface Engineering by Friction Assisted Processes

Surface Engineering by Friction Assisted Processes Book
Author : B. Ratna Sunil
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-08
ISBN : 0429675089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Here is a comprehensive resource that compiles extensive descriptions of friction stir processing, fabrication of surface metal matrix composites, and friction surfacing into one volume. The book is separated into four sections, beginning with a discussion of surface tailoring of metals by friction stir processing. This first section delves into the basics of friction stir processing (FSP), incorporating illustrations to explain the supporting mechanisms of this process. This section culminates with the introduction of potential applications of FSP in the manufacturing industry and obstacles that may arise when implemented. The following two sections explore and discuss surface metal matrix composites by friction stir processing and surface engineering by friction surfacing. They provide a thorough explanation of the material systems involved in the respective processes and discuss in detail the mechanisms behind each. The book, which closes with a comprehensive discussion of recent developments in friction-assisted processes and their functionality, offers a unique compilation of information on these increasingly prominent developments in the field of surface engineering. This volume organizes the information in a manner that is both easily accessible and comprehensible, utilizing visuals such as figures, tables, and photographs to enhance readers’ understanding. Key features: • Explores a multitude of topics within the field of surface engineering at length • Summarizes and explores the mechanical foundation of friction stir processing, fabrication of surface metal matrix composites, and friction surfacing • Incorporates figures and tables to aid in illustrating the concepts discussed • Offers potential applications and discusses future benefits of specific elements pertaining to surface engineering

Biomineralization Mechanism of the Pearl Oyster Pinctada fucata

Biomineralization Mechanism of the Pearl Oyster  Pinctada fucata Book
Author : Rongqing Zhang,Liping Xie,Zhenguang Yan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-19
ISBN : 9811314594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an overview of our current understanding of the biomineralization mechanisms for shell formation in the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata, based on molecular biology, biochemistry, cell biology, structural biology and environmental biology. Pinctada fucata is the major pearl-producing shellfish in the South China Sea and is also an established model system for the research on the nacre biomineralization mechanism. Extensive studies on nacre biomineralization have provided valuable information for novel bionic material design. Discussing the isolation and gene cloning of the matrix proteins involved in the shell formation, as well as the cell signaling pathways, shell microstructures, and the environmental impacts on shell biomineralization, it is a valuable reference resource for researchers working in the field of nacre biomineralization and biomaterials.