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Biomechanics Of The Spine

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Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine

Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine Book
Author : Augustus A. White,Manohar M. Panjabi
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 1990-01-01
ISBN : 9780397507207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combining orthopedic surgery with biomechanical engineering, this reference and teaching text reviews and analyzes the clinical and scientific data on the mechanics of the human spine. This edition adds new material on vibration (i.e. road driving) and its effect on the spine; anatomy and kinematics

Biomechanics of the Spine

Biomechanics of the Spine Book
Author : Fabio Galbusera,Hans-Joachim Wilke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-23
ISBN : 0128128526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of the Spine encompasses the basics of spine biomechanics, spinal tissues, spinal disorders and treatment methods. Organized into four parts, the first chapters explore the functional anatomy of the spine, with special emphasis on aspects which are biomechanically relevant and quite often neglected in clinical literature. The second part describes the mechanics of the individual spinal tissues, along with commonly used testing set-ups and the constitutive models used to represent them in mathematical studies. The third part covers in detail the current methods which are used in spine research: experimental testing, numerical simulation and in vivo studies (imaging and motion analysis). The last part covers the biomechanical aspects of spinal pathologies and their surgical treatment. This valuable reference is ideal for bioengineers who are involved in spine biomechanics, and spinal surgeons who are looking to broaden their biomechanical knowledge base. The contributors to this book are from the leading institutions in the world that are researching spine biomechanics. Includes broad coverage of spine disorders and surgery with a biomechanical focus Summarizes state-of-the-art and cutting-edge research in the field of spine biomechanics Discusses a variety of methods, including In vivo and In vitro testing, and finite element and musculoskeletal modeling

Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization

Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization Book
Author : Edward C. Benzel
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 1604067373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past two decades there have been major advances in the treatment of spinal disorders including anterior decompression of the neural structures as well as various forms of spinal stabilization by utilization of implants. These changes primarily reflect the development of better techniques of diagnosis and anesthesia, as well as new fusion procedures that are often supplemented with instrumentation. Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization bridges the gap that has existed between the physics of biomechanical research and the clinical arena. The book helps surgeons to plan treatments for the injured spine based on sound biomechanical principles - principles that will influence the surgeon's choice for the surgical approach, type of fusion and type of instrumentation. Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization begins with the essentials, proceeds gradually toward the development of an understanding of biomechanical principles, and, finally, provides a basis for clinical decision-making. These features make it a cover-to-cover must-read for anyone who is involved with the care of a patient with an unstable spine. Chocked full of illustrations, Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization includes: -Physical principles and kinematics -Segmental motion, stability and instability -Spine and neural element pathology -Surgical approaches and spinal fusion -Spinal instrumentation: General principles -Spinal instrumentation constructs: biomechanical attributes and clinical applications -Non-operative spinal stabilization -Special concepts and concerns -CD-ROM containing illustrations from book to create mental images of critical anatomical, biomechanical and clinical points

Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization

Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization Book
Author : Edward C. Benzel
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2015-05-13
ISBN : 1604069252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization, Third Edition, is a comprehensive and highly readable reference that helps spine specialists understand the clinically important biomechanical principles underpinning spinal surgery and instrumentation so that the best clinical decisions can be made for patients. This new edition includes coverage of the latest spine technology that has evolved over the past decade, such as motion preservation technologies and minimally invasive spine surgery. Features: Single-authored text with the consistent, authoritative voice of world-renowned expert Dr. Benzel More than 350 new figures and original line drawings help clarify information in the text Extensive glossary of basic terminology on biomechanics for quick, easy reference More than 400 review questions at the back of the book for help with exam preparation This book is an excellent clinical reference for spine surgeons, residents, and fellows in the fields of orthopedic surgery and neurosurgery, neuroradiologists, and engineers working for spine device companies. Thieme eNeurosurgery is the worlds most comprehensive neurosurgical resource online. For a free trial, go to: thieme.com/eneurotrial

The Biomechanics of Back Pain

The Biomechanics of Back Pain Book
Author : Michael Anthony Adams,Kim Burton,Nikolai Bogduk
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0443100683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This practical text, written by four key researchers in the field, offers an effective approach to the management and treatment of back pain based on applications of biomechanics. By linking the clinical anatomy of the spine to biomechanics principles, it provides a bridge between anatomy and practical applications. This highly illustrated, up-to-date book is essential reading for anyone involved in the care and treatment of patients with back pain, as well as for those studying its causes and methods of prevention. Addresses the important and prevalent problem of back pain thoroughly from a unique biomechanics perspective. Written especially for practitioners, the book presents information in a way that is relevant to therapists who treat patients with back pain. Authored by four of the leading researchers in the field from different professional backgrounds, the book comprehensively examines back pain from diverse perspectives. Provides an understanding of back mechanics that is necessary in order to form an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Six new chapters are included: Growth and Aging of the Lumbar Spine; Spinal Degeneration; Biomechanics of Spinal Surgery; Surgery for Disc Prolapse; Spinal Stenosis and Back Pain; and Conservative Management of Back Pain. Expanded sections on spinal growth and aging provide additional comprehensive information on this important topic. Includes additional and updated information on the interpretation and explanation of spine research literature. An expanded color plate section with 23 new black-and-white photographs and 21 new line drawings illustrate the content clearly.

The Functional Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Spine of the Hero Shrew Scutisorex Somereni

The Functional Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Spine of the Hero Shrew Scutisorex Somereni Book
Author : Dennis Michael Cullinane
Publisher :
Release : 1998
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Scutisorex vertebral morphology represents a functional innovation in the mammalian intervertebral joint. The vertebrae of Scutisorex interact at a bony interface (with no articular cartilage), supplementing the ligamentous and intervertebral disc connections. I suggest that the spine of this species is being heavily loaded in spinal flexion, causing ventral compression and axial torsion. At this time I cannot offer a testable, behavioral-ecological explanation for the Scutisorex spinal modification.

Clinical Biomechanics of Spinal Manipulation

Clinical Biomechanics of Spinal Manipulation Book
Author : Walter Herzog
Publisher :
Release : 2000
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This clinically oriented text focuses on biomechanics as it relates to spinal manipulative treatment, emphasising the applications to daily practice. Chapters cover basic mechanics, functional anatomy, mechanics of spinal manipulation, and the effects of spinal manipulation. A chapter of case studies illustrates the application of biomechanics to spinal manipulation. The first chapter contains an undergraduate level introduction to mechanics. Chapters 2 and 3 are concerned with the detailed functional anatomy of the lumbar, thoracic and cervical spine. Chapters 4 and 5 contain detailed and comprehensive accounts of the clinical biomechanics of spinal manipulation, and the physiological and neuromuscular effects produced by these manipulations, respectively. Chapter 6 concludes with a selected series of case studies taken directly from clinical practice.

Clinical Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine and Sacrum

Clinical Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine and Sacrum Book
Author : Nikolai Bogduk
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0443101191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bogduk aims to provide a foundation of knowledge upon which an understanding of the various treatment and therapy techniques of the different specialities involved can be built. This edition includes discussion of the sacrum and sacro-iliac joint.

Functional Anatomy of the Spine

Functional Anatomy of the Spine Book
Author : Alison Middleditch,Jean Oliver
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0750627174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides therapists with the background knowledge that they require before they can safely and accurately treat patients with musculoskeletal disorders of the spine. It should be invaluable to all those practititoners who regularly treat spinal dysfunction.

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics Book
Author : Dominique G. Poitout
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-07-02
ISBN : 9781852334819
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current clinical orthopedic practice requires practitioners to have extensive knowledge of a wide range of disciplines from molecular biology to bioengineering and from the application of new methods to the evaluation of outcome. The biomechanics of and biomaterials used in orthopedics have become increasingly important as the possibilities have increased to treat patients with foreign material introduced both as optimized osteosynthesis after trauma and as arthroplasties for joint diseases, sequelae of trauma or for tumor treatment. Furthermore, biomaterial substitutes are constantly being developed to replace missing tissue. Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics provides an important update within this highly important field. Professor Dominique Poitout has collected a series of high-quality chapters by globally renowned researchers and clinicians. Under the auspices of the International Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology (SICOT) and International Society of Orthopaedic and Traumatology Research (SIROT), this book now provides permanent and specific access to the considerable international knowledge in the field of locomotor system trauma and disease treatment using the novel bioengineering solutions. This book covers both basic concepts concerning biomaterials and biomechanics as well as their clinical application and the experience from everyday practical use. This book will be of great value to specialists in orthopedics and traumatology, while also provide an important basis for graduate and postgraduate learning.

The Cervical Spine

The Cervical Spine Book
Author : Edward C. Benzel
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2012-10-22
ISBN : 1451171315
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Cervical Spine is the most comprehensive, current, and authoritative reference on the cervical spine. Prepared by internationally recognized members of The Cervical Spine Research Society Editorial Committee, the Fifth Edition presents new information, new technologies, and advances in clinical decision making. The text provides state-of-the-art coverage of basic and clinical research, diagnostic methods, and medical and surgical treatments, bringing together the latest thinking of the foremost orthopaedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, neurologists, rheumatologists, radiologists, anatomists, and bioengineers. Chapters cover anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, neurologic and functional evaluation, and radiographic evaluation and address the full range of pediatric problems, fractures, spinal cord injuries, tumors, infections, inflammatory conditions, degenerative disorders, and complications. Accompanying the text is a website with the fully searchable text plus a color image bank.

Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System

Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System Book
Author : Margareta Nordin,Victor Hirsch Frankel
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780683302479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title presents an overview of biomechanical principles for use in the evaluation and treatment of musculoskeletal dysfunction.

Biomechanics of Posterior Dynamic Fusion Systems in the Lumbar Spine

Biomechanics of Posterior Dynamic Fusion Systems in the Lumbar Spine Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2016
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract : Study Design: A comparative biomechanical human cadaveric spine study of a dynamic fusion rod and a traditional titanium rod. Objective: The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the biomechanical metrics associated with a dynamic fusion device, Isobar TTL Evolution, and a rigid rod. Summary of Background Data: Dynamic fusion rods may enhance arthrodesis compared with a rigid rod. Wolff's law implies that bone remodeling and growth may be enhanced through anterior column loading (AL). This is important for dynamic fusion rods because their purpose is to increase AL. Methods: Six fresh-frozen lumbar cadaveric specimens were used. Each untreated specimen (Intact) underwent biomechanical testing. Next, each specimen had a unilateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion performed at L3–L4 using a cage with an integrated load cell. Pedicle screws were also placed at this time. Subsequently, the Isobar was implanted and tested, and finally, a rigid rod replaced the Isobar in the same pedicle screw arrangement. Results: In terms of range of motion, the Isobar performed comparably to the rigid rod and there was no statistical difference found between Isobar and rigid rod. There was a significant difference between the intact and rigid rod and also between intact and Isobar conditions in flexion extension. For interpedicular displacement, there was a significant increase in flexion extension ( P =0.017) for the Isobar compared with the rigid rod. Isobar showed increased AL under axial compression compared with the rigid rod ( P =0.024). Conclusions: Isobar provided comparable stabilization to a rigid rod when using range of motion as the metric, however, AL was increased because of the greater interpedicular displacement of dynamic rod compared with a rigid rod. By increasing interpedicular displacement and AL, it potentially brings clinical benefit to procedures relying on arthrodesis.

Biomechanics of the Spine

Biomechanics of the Spine Book
Author : Vijay K. Goel,James N. Weinstein
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1990
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chronic low-back pain is the focus of this book. Presented in a systematic manner, this work reviews epidemiological studies which have shown that various mechanical factors play a significant role in the onset of chronic low-back pain. To provide you with a better understanding of the information in these chapters, ample illustrations and tables are included. At the end of each chapter, the reader is directed to even further in-depth information. It is the intent of the authors that this writing will promote further biomechanical research. Written in an instructional format, this text is ideal for training bioengineering and medical students. This volume is also of practical value to practicing surgeons and scientists who are interested in seeking solutions to the low-back pain problem.

Clinical and Radiological Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine E Book

Clinical and Radiological Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine E Book Book
Author : Nikolai Bogduk
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-01-30
ISBN : 0702051667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical and Radiological Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine 5e continues to offer practical, comprehensive coverage of the subject area in a unique single volume which successfully bridges the gap between the basic science of the lumbar region and findings commonly seen in the clinic. Prepared by an author of international renown, Clinical and Radiological Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine 5e provides clear anatomical descriptions of the individual components of the lumbar region, as well as the intact spine, accompanied by a full colour artwork programme. Detailed anatomical descriptions are followed by an explanation of the basic principles of biomechanics and spinal movement together with a comprehensive overview of embryology and the influence of age-related change in the lumbar region. The problem of low back pain and instability are also fully explored while an expanded section on medical imaging completes the volume. Clinical and Radiological Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine 5e offers practical, validated and clinically relevant information to all practitioners and therapists working in the field of low back pain and will be ideal for students and practitioners of chiropractic, osteopathic medicine and osteopathy, physiotherapy, physical therapy, pain medicine and physiatry worldwide. Presents a clear and accessible overview of the basic science relating to the structure and function of the lumbar spine Written by an internationally renowned expert in the fields of both clinical anatomy and back pain Describes the structure of the individual components of the lumbar spine, as well as the intact spine Goes beyond the scope of most anatomy books by endeavouring to explain why the vertebrae and their components are constructed the way they are Provides an introduction to biomechanics and spinal movement with special emphasis on the role of the lumbar musculature Explores both embryology and the process of aging in the context of spinal structure and function Explores mechanical back pain within the context of the structural and biomechanical principles developed earlier in the volume Extensive reference list allows readers seeking to undertake research projects on some aspect of the lumbar spine with a suitable starting point in their search through the literature Perfect for use both as an initial resource in undergraduate training in physiotherapy and physical medicine or as essential reading for postgraduate studies Greatly expanded section on medical imaging Increased elaboration of the regional anatomy of the lumbar spine Includes chapter on reconstructive anatomy, which provides an algorithm showing how to put the lumbar spine back together Presents an ethos of ‘anatomy by expectation’ - to show readers what to expect on an image, rather than being required to identify what is seen

AO ASIF Principles in Spine Surgery

AO ASIF Principles in Spine Surgery Book
Author : Max Aebi,John S. Thalgott,John K. Webb
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642588247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book has become necessary as a consequence of the rapid expansion of the surgical procedures and implants available for spinal surgery within the "AO Group". We have not attempted to write an in-depth book on spinal surgery, but one which will help the surgeon in the use of AO concepts and implants. We con sider the practical courses held all over the world essential for the teaching of sound techniques so that technical complications and poor results can be avoid ed for both the surgeon and, in particular the patient. This book is a practical manual and an outline of what is taught in the courses. It is intended to help the young spinal surgeon to understand the correct use of AO implants. The indi- tions given will aid the correct use of each procedure. . It must be strongly emphasized that surgery of the spine is technically de manding. The techniques described in this book should only be undertaken by surgeons who are trained and experienced in spinal surgery. Certain techniques, in particular pedicle screw fIxation and cages, have not yet been fully approved by the FDA in the United States. However, throughout the rest of the world, the use of pedicle screws has become a standard technique for the spine surgeon, since it has been shown to improve fIxation techniques and allow segmental correction of the spine. The use of cages has become more and more popular, specifIcally as a tool of minimally invasive spinal surgery.