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Biomechanics Of The Spine

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Biomechanics of the Spine

Biomechanics of the Spine Book
Author : Fabio Galbusera,Hans-Joachim Wilke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-23
ISBN : 0128128526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of the Spine encompasses the basics of spine biomechanics, spinal tissues, spinal disorders and treatment methods. Organized into four parts, the first chapters explore the functional anatomy of the spine, with special emphasis on aspects which are biomechanically relevant and quite often neglected in clinical literature. The second part describes the mechanics of the individual spinal tissues, along with commonly used testing set-ups and the constitutive models used to represent them in mathematical studies. The third part covers in detail the current methods which are used in spine research: experimental testing, numerical simulation and in vivo studies (imaging and motion analysis). The last part covers the biomechanical aspects of spinal pathologies and their surgical treatment. This valuable reference is ideal for bioengineers who are involved in spine biomechanics, and spinal surgeons who are looking to broaden their biomechanical knowledge base. The contributors to this book are from the leading institutions in the world that are researching spine biomechanics. Includes broad coverage of spine disorders and surgery with a biomechanical focus Summarizes state-of-the-art and cutting-edge research in the field of spine biomechanics Discusses a variety of methods, including In vivo and In vitro testing, and finite element and musculoskeletal modeling

Biomechanics of the Spine

Biomechanics of the Spine Book
Author : Vijay K. Goel,James N. Weinstein
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chronic low-back pain is the focus of this book. Presented in a systematic manner, this work reviews epidemiological studies which have shown that various mechanical factors play a significant role in the onset of chronic low-back pain. To provide you with a better understanding of the information in these chapters, ample illustrations and tables are included. At the end of each chapter, the reader is directed to even further in-depth information. It is the intent of the authors that this writing will promote further biomechanical research. Written in an instructional format, this text is ideal for training bioengineering and medical students. This volume is also of practical value to practicing surgeons and scientists who are interested in seeking solutions to the low-back pain problem.

Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine

Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine Book
Author : Augustus A. White,Manohar M. Panjabi
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 1990-01-01
ISBN : 9780397507207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combining orthopedic surgery with biomechanical engineering, this reference and teaching text reviews and analyzes the clinical and scientific data on the mechanics of the human spine. This edition adds new material on vibration (i.e. road driving) and its effect on the spine; anatomy and kinematics

Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization

Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization Book
Author : Edward C. Benzel
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 1604067373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past two decades there have been major advances in the treatment of spinal disorders including anterior decompression of the neural structures as well as various forms of spinal stabilization by utilization of implants. These changes primarily reflect the development of better techniques of diagnosis and anesthesia, as well as new fusion procedures that are often supplemented with instrumentation. Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization bridges the gap that has existed between the physics of biomechanical research and the clinical arena. The book helps surgeons to plan treatments for the injured spine based on sound biomechanical principles - principles that will influence the surgeon's choice for the surgical approach, type of fusion and type of instrumentation. Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization begins with the essentials, proceeds gradually toward the development of an understanding of biomechanical principles, and, finally, provides a basis for clinical decision-making. These features make it a cover-to-cover must-read for anyone who is involved with the care of a patient with an unstable spine. Chocked full of illustrations, Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization includes: -Physical principles and kinematics -Segmental motion, stability and instability -Spine and neural element pathology -Surgical approaches and spinal fusion -Spinal instrumentation: General principles -Spinal instrumentation constructs: biomechanical attributes and clinical applications -Non-operative spinal stabilization -Special concepts and concerns -CD-ROM containing illustrations from book to create mental images of critical anatomical, biomechanical and clinical points

The Biomechanics of Back Pain E Book

The Biomechanics of Back Pain   E Book Book
Author : Michael A. Adams,Nikolai Bogduk,Kim Burton,Patricia Dolan
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-11-19
ISBN : 0702052914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Authored by experts of international renown, the new edition of The Biomechanics of Back Pain forms a bridge between the latest research and the effective clinical management of patients with back problems. Now published for the first time in full colour, the volume presents a unique synthesis of the latest research findings and explains its recent changes in emphasis - from trying to understand and reverse age-related spinal degeneration to addressing the soft tissue causes of pain. New chapters are devoted to Sensorimotor Control, and Cervical Spine Anatomy and Biomechanics, while a bonus website contains useful PowerPoint presentations, which include seminars entitled Back Pain and Forces on the Spine as well as an overview of the Psychosocial Flags Framework. Clinically orientated and highly practical throughout, The Biomechanics of Back Pain has become the standard platform by which readers keep abreast of research and developments in the field and is essential for all clinicians involved in the care and treatment of patients with back pain, as well as for those studying its causes and methods of prevention. Established authoritative text for clinicians, lecturers, researchers and those working in the medico-legal arena Emphasizes the latest perspectives in research and shows how it is now leading to advances in clinical methodology Provides an overview of the best original research – including more than 350 new references – to provide researchers with the latest and most important information relating to back pain Contains over 150 full-colour line artworks and more than 60 photographs Additional chapters devoted to Sensorimotor Control, and Cervical Spine Anatomy and Biomechanics Includes more than 350 new references Now published in full colour with improved page design and navigation Bonus website containing useful PowerPoint presentations, which include seminars entitled Back Pain and Forces on the Spine as well as an overview of the Psychosocial Flags Framework

Functional Anatomy of the Spine

Functional Anatomy of the Spine Book
Author : Alison Middleditch,Jean Oliver
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2005-09-30
ISBN : 0750627174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the solid foundation of knowledge therapists need to safely and accurately treat musculoskeletal disorders of the spine. It presents a comprehensive view of applied functional anatomy and biomechanics of the whole spine, examining normal and abnormal function of the spine, the response of tissues to injury, and the effects of age-related changes. Thoroughly referenced and extensively illustrated with over 200 original, high-quality diagrams, it serves as an excellent resource for clinical decision making. The 2nd edition explores several areas in greater depth - including the sacroiliac joint, thoracic biomechanics, muscles - and reviews recent papers and the scientific evidence of functional anatomy. Accessory and physiological spinal movements are thoroughly described. Palpation is covered in detail. Numerous guidelines for safe practice are provided. A valuable, comprehensive chapter covers posture, lifting, and the prevention of injury. Coverage of applied anatomy and biomechanics is written by therapists for therapists. New theories on thoracic biomechanics are presented, rarely covered by other anatomy books. All topics have been updated to reflect recent scientific evidence, enabling the reader to more effectively formulate and manage treatment plans. New illustrations to complement the text and improve readers' understanding of the material. A one-of-a-kind chapter covering the sacroiliac joint has been comprehensively revised. Expanded material is provided on the autonomic nervous system, thoracic spine biomechanics, and the biomechanics of the lower limb as it relates to the spine. New sections address adverse neural tension, cervical discs, proprioception and muscle imbalance, and mechanics of the jaw and upper cervical spine. An update on vertebral artery and blood supply presents the latest knowledge on the subject.

The Aging Spine

The Aging Spine Book
Author : Max Aebi,Robert Gunzburg,Marek Szpalski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-12-05
ISBN : 354027376X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation. The "Bone and Joint Decade" draws our attention with increased intensity to the problem of the changes related to aging of our musculoskeletal system and the associated socioeconomic implications. In view of the increasing age of the worldwide population the impact seems to be tremendous. The editors of The Aging Spine pick up this interesting topic and engage opinion leaders to contribute their knowledge in this supplement. The various contributions cover most of the important problems, which are included in the vast specter of aging spine: osteoporosis, spinal stenosis, and tumors of the spine. The aging spine will be an everpresent issue in the life of a physician taking care of the different pathologies of the spine. This text will help to better understand the nature of the different changes in the spine of the elderly. It contributes to enabling us to diagnose and to treat this complex problem in an appropriate way.nbsp.

Spinal Disorders

Spinal Disorders Book
Author : Norbert Boos,Max Aebi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-09-24
ISBN : 3540690913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spinal disorders are among the most common medical conditions with significant impact on health related quality of life, use of health care resources and socio-economic costs. This is an easily readable teaching tool focusing on fundamentals and basic principles and provides a homogeneous syllabus with a consistent didactic strategy. The chosen didactic concept highlights and repeats core messages throughout the chapters. This textbook, with its appealing layout, will inspire and stimulate the reader for the study of spinal disorders.

Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace

Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,National Research Council,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-06-24
ISBN : 0309072840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying boxes to lifting patients to pounding computer keyboards-is the subject of major disagreements among workers, employers, advocacy groups, and researchers. Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace examines the scientific basis for connecting musculoskeletal disorders with the workplace, considering people, job tasks, and work environments. A multidisciplinary panel draws conclusions about the likelihood of causal links and the effectiveness of various intervention strategies. The panel also offers recommendations for what actions can be considered on the basis of current information and for closing information gaps. This book presents the latest information on the prevalence, incidence, and costs of musculoskeletal disorders and identifies factors that influence injury reporting. It reviews the broad scope of evidence: epidemiological studies of physical and psychosocial variables, basic biology, biomechanics, and physical and behavioral responses to stress. Given the magnitude of the problem-approximately 1 million people miss some work each year-and the current trends in workplace practices, this volume will be a must for advocates for workplace health, policy makers, employers, employees, medical professionals, engineers, lawyers, and labor officials.

Spine Technology Handbook

Spine Technology Handbook Book
Author : Steven M. Kurtz,Avram Edidin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-08-24
ISBN : 9780080459370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past decade, there has been rapid growth in bioengineering applications in the field of spine implants. Spine Technology Handbook explains the technical foundation for understanding and expanding the field of spine implants, reviews the major established technologies related to spine implants, and provides reference material for developing and commercializing new spine implants. The editors, who have a track record of collaboration and editing technical books, provide a unified approach to this topic in the most comprehensive and useful book to date. Related website provides the latest information on spine technology including articles and research papers on the latest technology and development Major technologies reviewed include devices used for fusion (screws, plates, rods, and cages), disc repair and augmentation, total disc replacement, and vertebral body repair and augmentation Technology landscape, review of published/public domain data currently available, and safety and efficacy of technology discussed in detail

Biomechanics of the Spine

Biomechanics of the Spine Book
Author : Fabio Galbusera,Hans-Joachim Wilke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-05
ISBN : 9780128128510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of the Spine encompasses the basics of spine biomechanics, spinal tissues, spinal disorders and treatment methods. Organized into four parts, the first chapters explore the functional anatomy of the spine, with special emphasis on aspects which are biomechanically relevant and quite often neglected in clinical literature. The second part describes the mechanics of the individual spinal tissues, along with commonly used testing set-ups and the constitutive models used to represent them in mathematical studies. The third part covers in detail the current methods which are used in spine research: experimental testing, numerical simulation and in vivo studies (imaging and motion analysis). The last part covers the biomechanical aspects of spinal pathologies and their surgical treatment. This valuable reference is ideal for bioengineers who are involved in spine biomechanics, and spinal surgeons who are looking to broaden their biomechanical knowledge base. The contributors to this book are from the leading institutions in the world that are researching spine biomechanics. Includes broad coverage of spine disorders and surgery with a biomechanical focus Summarizes state-of-the-art and cutting-edge research in the field of spine biomechanics Discusses a variety of methods, including In vivo and In vitro testing, and finite element and musculoskeletal modeling

Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization

Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization Book
Author : Edward C. Benzel
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2015-05-13
ISBN : 1604069252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization, Third Edition, is a comprehensive and highly readable reference that helps spine specialists understand the clinically important biomechanical principles underpinning spinal surgery and instrumentation so that the best clinical decisions can be made for patients. This new edition includes coverage of the latest spine technology that has evolved over the past decade, such as motion preservation technologies and minimally invasive spine surgery. Features: Single-authored text with the consistent, authoritative voice of world-renowned expert Dr. Benzel More than 350 new figures and original line drawings help clarify information in the text Extensive glossary of basic terminology on biomechanics for quick, easy reference More than 400 review questions at the back of the book for help with exam preparation This book is an excellent clinical reference for spine surgeons, residents, and fellows in the fields of orthopedic surgery and neurosurgery, neuroradiologists, and engineers working for spine device companies. Thieme eNeurosurgery is the worlds most comprehensive neurosurgical resource online. For a free trial, go to: thieme.com/eneurotrial

Basic Orthopaedic Sciences

Basic Orthopaedic Sciences Book
Author : Manoj Ramachandran
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1444150006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following on from the highly successful first edition, published in 2006, the second edition of Basic Orthopaedic Sciences has been fully updated and revised, with every chapter rewritten to reflect the latest research and practice. The book encompasses all aspects of musculoskeletal basic sciences that are relevant to the practice of orthopaedics and that are featured and assessed in higher specialty exams. While its emphasis is on revision, the book contains enough information to serve as a concise textbook, making it an invaluable guide for all trainees in orthopaedics and trauma preparing for the FRCS (Tr & Orth) as well as for surgeons at MRCS level, and other clinicians seeking an authoritative guide. The book helps the reader understand the science that underpins the clinical practice of orthopaedics, an often neglected area in orthopaedic training, achieving a balance between readability and comprehensive detail. Topics covered include biomechanics, biomaterials, cell & microbiology, histology, structure & function, immunology, pharmacology, statistics, physics of imaging techniques, and kinesiology.

Spinal Evolution

Spinal Evolution Book
Author : Ella Been,Asier Gómez-Olivencia,Patricia Ann Kramer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-07
ISBN : 3030193497
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The vertebral spine is a key element of the human anatomy. Its main role is to protect the spinal cord and the main blood vessels. The axial skeleton, with its muscles and joints, provides stability for the attachment of the head, tail and limbs and, at the same time, enables the mobility required for breathing and for locomotion. Despite its great importance, the vertebral spine is often over looked by researchers because: a) vertebrae are fragile in nature, which makes their fossilization a rare event; b) they are metameric (seriated and repeated elements) that make their anatomical determination and, thus, their subsequent study difficult; and c) the plethora of bones and joints involved in every movement or function of the axial skeleton makes the reconstruction of posture, breathing mechanics and locomotion extremely difficult. It is well established that the spine has changed dramatically during human evolution. Spinal curvatures, spinal load transmission, and thoracic shape of bipedal humans are derived among hominoids. Yet, there are many debates as to how and when these changes occurred and to their phylogenetic, functional, and pathological implications. In recent years, renewed interest arose in the axial skeleton. New and exciting finds, mostly from Europe and Africa, as well as new methods for reconstructing the spine, have been introduced to the research community. New methodologies such as Finite Element Analysis, trabecular bone analysis, Geometric Morphometric analysis, and gait analysis have been applied to the spines of primates and humans. These provide a new and refreshing look into the evolution of the spine. Advanced biomechanical research regarding posture, range of motion, stability, and attenuation of the human spine has interesting evolutionary implications. Until now, no book that summarizes the updated research and knowledge regarding spinal evolution in hominoids has been available. The present book explores both these new methodologies and new data, including recent fossil, morphological, biomechanical, and theoretical advances regarding vertebral column evolution. In order to cover all of that data, we divide the book into four parts: 1) the spine of hominoids; 2) the vertebral spine of extinct hominins; 3) ontogeny, biomechanics and pathology of the human spine; and 4) new methodologies of spinal research. These parts complement each other and provide a wide and comprehensive examination of spinal evolution.

Advances and Current Trends in Biomechanics

Advances and Current Trends in Biomechanics Book
Author : Jorge Belinha,José Carlos Reis Campos,Elza Fonseca,Maria Helena Figueiral Silva,Maria Arcelina Marques,Maria Fernanda Gentil Costa,Susana Oliveira
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-29
ISBN : 1000483150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents a collection of peer-reviewed papers on several areas in the field of biomechanics, including biofabrication; biomaterials; cardiovascular biomechanics, biofluids and hemodynamics; biomechanics of the injury/impact; biomechanics of rehabilitation; sports biomechanics; biomechanics of the skull and spine; biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system; biomechanics orofacial; orthopaedic biomechanics; experimental and numerical biomechanics; tissue engineering, and biomedical devices. A collection of novelties and research outcomes presented at the 9th National Biomechanics Congress (CNB 2021, 19-20 February, Porto, Portugal), this book reflects the enthusiasm and intense activity of the Portuguese biomechanical community, as well as the multidisciplinary character of the field. The National Congress of Biomechanics (CNB) is a scientific meeting organized in Portugal under the auspices of the Portuguese Biomechanical Society (SPB).

MRI of Degenerative Disease of the Spine

MRI of Degenerative Disease of the Spine Book
Author : Paola D'Aprile
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-08
ISBN : 3319094475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This richly illustrated case-based atlas thoroughly depicts the role of MR imaging in the assessment of patients presenting with pain due to degenerative disease of the spine and will serve as an excellent guide to differential diagnosis. Importantly, generic radicular compression is the main reason for the painful symptomatology in only a limited number of cases, and this book illustrates and emphasizes how various anatomic elements of the spine can be responsible. The imaging features of a range of disorders involving both the anterior and posterior elements of the spine are described, including active inflammatory osteochondrosis, atypical herniated discs, facet joint disorders, spondylolysis, and degenerative-inflammatory changes of the spinal ligaments and posterior perispinal muscles. Each example is supported by clinical data, and a series of unusual cases are also presented. MR study protocols include T2-weighted sequences with fat saturation and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted sequences with fat saturation to allow better visualization or highlighting of various inflammatory changes in the spine. Radiologists, neuroradiologists, neurosurgeons, orthopedists, and rehabilitation physicians will all find this atlas a valuable asset in their practice.

Frontiers in Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Frontiers in Orthopaedic Biomechanics Book
Author : Cheng-Kung Cheng,Savio L-Y. Woo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-30
ISBN : 9811531595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides state-of-the-art and up-to-date discussions on the pathology-related considerations and implications in the field of orthopaedic biomechanics. It presents fundamental engineering and mechanical theories concerning the biomechanics of orthopaedic and anatomical structures, and explores the biological and mechanical features that influence or modify the biomechanics of these structures. It also addresses clinically relevant biomechanical issues with a focus on diagnosis, injury, prevention and treatment. The first 12 chapters of the book provide a detailed review of the principles of orthopaedic biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, including cartilage, bone, muscles and tendon, ligament, and multiple joints. Each chapter also covers important biomechanical concepts relevant to surgical and clinical practice. The remaining chapters examines clinically relevant trauma and injury challenges in the field, including diagnostic techniques such as movement analysis and rehabilitation intervention. Lastly it describes advanced considerations and approaches for fracture fixation, implant design, and biomaterials.

Theoretical Biomechanics

Theoretical Biomechanics Book
Author : Vaclav Klika
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-11-25
ISBN : 9533078510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During last couple of years there has been an increasing recognition that problems arising in biology or related to medicine really need a multidisciplinary approach. For this reason some special branches of both applied theoretical physics and mathematics have recently emerged such as biomechanics, mechanobiology, mathematical biology, biothermodynamics. This first section of the book, General notes on biomechanics and mechanobiology, comprises from theoretical contributions to Biomechanics often providing hypothesis or rationale for a given phenomenon that experiment or clinical study cannot provide. It deals with mechanical properties of living cells and tissues, mechanobiology of fracture healing or evolution of locomotor trends in extinct terrestrial giants. The second section, Biomechanical modelling, is devoted to the rapidly growing field of biomechanical models and modelling approaches to improve our understanding about processes in human body. The last section called Locomotion and joint biomechanics is a collection of works on description and analysis of human locomotion, joint stability and acting forces.

The Biomechanics of Back Pain

The Biomechanics of Back Pain Book
Author : Michael A. Adams,Kim Burton,Nikolai Bogduk
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 0443100683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This practical text, written by four key researchers in the field, offers an effective approach to the management and treatment of back pain based on applications of biomechanics. By linking the clinical anatomy of the spine to biomechanics principles, it provides a bridge between anatomy and practical applications. This highly illustrated, up-to-date book is essential reading for anyone involved in the care and treatment of patients with back pain, as well as for those studying its causes and methods of prevention. Addresses the important and prevalent problem of back pain thoroughly from a unique biomechanics perspective. Written especially for practitioners, the book presents information in a way that is relevant to therapists who treat patients with back pain. Authored by four of the leading researchers in the field from different professional backgrounds, the book comprehensively examines back pain from diverse perspectives. Provides an understanding of back mechanics that is necessary in order to form an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Six new chapters are included: Growth and Aging of the Lumbar Spine; Spinal Degeneration; Biomechanics of Spinal Surgery; Surgery for Disc Prolapse; Spinal Stenosis and Back Pain; and Conservative Management of Back Pain. Expanded sections on spinal growth and aging provide additional comprehensive information on this important topic. Includes additional and updated information on the interpretation and explanation of spine research literature. An expanded color plate section with 23 new black-and-white photographs and 21 new line drawings illustrate the content clearly.

Spinal Anatomy

Spinal Anatomy Book
Author : Jean Marc Vital,Derek Thomas Cawley
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-12-16
ISBN : 3030209253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This richly illustrated and comprehensive book covers a broad range of normal and pathologic conditions of the vertebral column, from its embryology to its development, its pathology, its dynamism and its degeneration. The dynamic anatomy of the living subject is viewed using the latest technologies, opening new perspectives to elucidate the pathology of the spine and improve spinal surgery. The respective chapters review in depth all sections of the vertebral column and offer new insights, e.g. the 3D study of vertebral movements using the “EOS system,” which makes it possible to define an equilibrium of posture and its limits. New histological and chemical findings on the intervertebral disc, as well as detailed descriptions of the aponeuroses and fasciae, are also provided. Bringing together the experience of several experts from the well-known French school, this book offers a valuable companion for skilled experts and postgraduate students in various fields: orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, physiotherapy, rheumatology, musculoskeletal therapy, rehabilitation, and kinesiology.