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Biomechanics Of Living Organs

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Biomechanics of Living Organs

Biomechanics of Living Organs Book
Author : Yohan Payan,Jacques Ohayon
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-01
ISBN : 9780128040096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of Living Organs: Hyperelastic Constitutive Laws for Finite Element Modeling is the first book to cover finite element biomechanical modeling of each organ in the human body. This collection of chapters from the leaders in the field focuses on the constitutive laws for each organ. Each author introduces the state-of-the-art concerning constitutive laws and then illustrates the implementation of such laws with Finite Element Modeling of these organs. The focus of each chapter is on instruction, careful derivation and presentation of formulae, and methods. When modeling tissues, this book will help users determine modeling parameters and the variability for particular populations. Chapters highlight important experimental techniques needed to inform, motivate, and validate the choice of strain energy function or the constitutive model. Remodeling, growth, and damage are all covered, as is the relationship of constitutive relationships of organs to tissue and molecular scale properties (as net organ behavior depends fundamentally on its sub components). This book is intended for professionals, academics, and students in tissue and continuum biomechanics. Covers hyper elastic frameworks for large tissue deformations Considers which strain energy functions are the most appropriate to model the passive and active states of living tissue Evaluates the physical meaning of proposed energy functions

Biomechanics of Living Organs

Biomechanics of Living Organs Book
Author : Yohan Payan,Jacques Ohayon
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2017-05-01
ISBN : 0128040602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of Living Organs: Hyperelastic Constitutive Laws for Finite Element Modeling is the first book to cover finite element biomechanical modeling of each organ in the human body. This collection of chapters from the leaders in the field focuses on the constitutive laws for each organ. Each author introduces the state-of-the-art concerning constitutive laws and then illustrates the implementation of such laws with Finite Element Modeling of these organs. The focus of each chapter is on instruction, careful derivation and presentation of formulae, and methods. When modeling tissues, this book will help users determine modeling parameters and the variability for particular populations. Chapters highlight important experimental techniques needed to inform, motivate, and validate the choice of strain energy function or the constitutive model. Remodeling, growth, and damage are all covered, as is the relationship of constitutive relationships of organs to tissue and molecular scale properties (as net organ behavior depends fundamentally on its sub components). This book is intended for professionals, academics, and students in tissue and continuum biomechanics. Covers hyper elastic frameworks for large tissue deformations Considers which strain energy functions are the most appropriate to model the passive and active states of living tissue Evaluates the physical meaning of proposed energy functions

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-15
ISBN : 0128171960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque: From Model to Patient, Fourth Edition summarizes all biomechanical aspects of each living organ in one comprehensive reference. The first two volumes introduce Continuum Fluid and Solid Biomechanics approaches, with each subsequent volume covering the important biomechanical and clinical aspects. The key thought leaders in the field of Biomechanics of Living Organs have gathered together their expertise in this series, making it an essential reference for anyone working in this research area. This book presents the first such resource to cover fluid and solid biomechanical studies conducted in this last decade to increase our understanding of plaque initiation, growth and rupture and improve the design of medical devices and clinical interventions, including surgical procedures. Presents the main computational fluid dynamic studies performed, describing blood flow in healthy and pathological artery branches, including in coronary bifurcations Highlights the correlation between plaque initiation regions and blood shear stress amplitude Discusses the main biomechanical and mechanobiological models to highlight the importance of quantifying the residual and peak cap stresses and the presence of μ-calcifications to evaluate the risk of plaque rupture Introduces the most recent intravascular imaging biomarker techniques (elastography, palpography and modulography)

Data Book on Mechanical Properties of Living Cells Tissues and Organs

Data Book on Mechanical Properties of Living Cells  Tissues  and Organs Book
Author : Hiroyuki Abe,Kozaburo Hayashi,Masaaki Sato
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 4431658629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A research project entitled Biomechanics of Structure and Function of Living Cells, Tissues, and Organs was launched in Japan in 1992. This data book presents the original, up-to-date information resulting from the research project, supplemented by some of the important basic data published previously. The aim of collecting the information is to offer accurate and useful data on the mechanical properties of living materials to biomechanical scientists, biomedical engineers, medical scientists, and clinicians. The data are presented in graphs and tables (one type of data per page) arranged in an easily accessible manner, along with details of the origin of the material and the experimental method. Together with its two companion volumes, Biomechanics: Functional Adaptation and Remodeling and Computational Biomechanics, the Data Book on Mechanical Properties of Living Cells, Tissues, and Organs is a timely and valuable contribution to the rapidly growing field of biomechanics.

Vascular Biomechanics

Vascular Biomechanics Book
Author : T. Christian Gasser
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-02-14
ISBN : 3030709663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook serves as a modern introduction to vascular biomechanics and provides the comprehensive overview of the entire vascular system that is needed to run successful vascular biomechanics simulations. It aims to provide the reader with a holistic analysis of the vascular system towards its biomechanical description and includes numerous fully through-calculated examples. Various topics covered include vascular system descriptions, vascular exchange, blood vessel mechanics, vessel tissue characterization, blood flow mechanics, and vascular tissue growth and remodeling. This textbook is ideally suited for students and researchers studying and working in classical and computational vascular biomechanics. The book could also be of interest to developers of vascular devices and experts working with the regulatory approval of biomedical simulations. Follows the principle of “learning by doing” and provides numerous fully through-calculated examples for active learning, immediate recall, and self-examination; Provides a holistic understanding of vascular functioning and the integration of information from different disciplines to enable students to use sophisticated numerical methods to simulate the response of the vascular system; Includes several case studies that integrate the presented material. Case studies address problems, such as the biomechanical rupture risk assessment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms, Finite Element analysis of structural and blood flow problems, the computation of wall stress and wall shear stress in the aorta.

Biomechanics

Biomechanics Book
Author : Y.C. Fung
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-20
ISBN : 1441968563
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics aims to explain the mechanics oflife and living. From molecules to organisms, everything must obey the laws of mechanics. Clarification of mechanics clarifies many things. Biomechanics helps us to appreciate life. It sensitizes us to observe nature. It is a tool for design and invention of devices to improve the quality of life. It is a useful tool, a simple tool, a valuable tool, an unavoidable tool. It is a necessary part of biology and engineering. The method of biomechanics is the method of engineering, which consists of observation, experimentation, theorization, validation, and application. To understand any object, we must know its geometry and materials of construc tion, the mechanical properties of the materials involved, the governing natural laws, the mathematical formulation of specific problems and their solutions, and the results of validation. Once understood, one goes on to develop applications. In my plan to present an outline of biomechanics, I followed the engineering approach and used three volumes. In the first volume, Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues, the geometrical struc ture and the rheological properties of various materials, tissues, and organs are presented. In the second volume, Biodynamics: Circulation, the physiology of blood circulation is analyzed by the engineering method.

New Developments on Computational Methods and Imaging in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

New Developments on Computational Methods and Imaging in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering Book
Author : João Manuel R. S. Tavares,Paulo Rui Fernandes
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-26
ISBN : 3030230732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers selected, extended and revised contributions to the 15th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (CMBBE2018), and the 3rd Conference on Imaging and Visualization, which took place on 26-29 March, 2018, in Lisbon, Portugal. The respective chapters highlight cutting-edge methods, e.g. new algorithms, image analysis techniques, and multibody modeling methods; and new findings obtained by applying them in biological and/or medical contexts. Original numerical studies, Monte Carlo simulations, FEM analyses and reaction-diffusion models are described in detail, together with intriguing new applications. The book offers a timely source of information for biologists, engineers, applied mathematicians and clinical researchers working on multidisciplinary projects, and is also intended to foster closer collaboration between these groups.

Applied Mechanics Reviews

Applied Mechanics Reviews Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applied Mechanics Reviews book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biomechanics

Biomechanics Book
Author : Yuan-cheng Fung
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993-01-01
ISBN : 9783540979470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a treatment of the mechanical properties of biological fluids, solids, tissues and organs.

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 9780128240472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Muscle Mechanics Extracellular Matrix Afferentation Structural and Neurological Coupling and Coordination in Health and Disease

Muscle Mechanics  Extracellular Matrix  Afferentation  Structural and Neurological Coupling and Coordination in Health and Disease Book
Author : Can A. Yucesoy,Silvia Salinas Blemker,Eva Pontén,Ciaran Knut Simms,Mark Smeulders Prive,Francisco J. Valero-Cuevas
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-01-21
ISBN : 2889741311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disclosure statement: Topic Editor Prof. Silvia Salinas Blemker is a Co-founder and Vice President of Springbok, Inc. Charlottesville, VA. All other Topic Editors declare no competing interests with regards to the Research Topic subject.

Biomechanics of the Gastrointestinal Tract

Biomechanics of the Gastrointestinal Tract Book
Author : Hans Gregersen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-18
ISBN : 1447137426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of the Gastrointestinal Tract is an up-to-date book for researchers on the study of the mechanical properties and the motor system of the gastrointestinal tract. A well-illustrated book, it provides a comprehensive overview to relevant tissue geometry, morphology and biomechanical theory. Separate chapters cover smooth muscle and nerve function including the application to animal and human studies of motility, symptoms and pain, determination of the true resting state, history-dependent properties, and tissue remodelling in disease. Several methods and diagnostic applications such as determination of in vivo length-tension diagrams and multimodal pain testing are completely new but will undoubtedly be used by many in the future. New non-invasive imaging techniques based on ultrasound, MR- and CT-scanning in combination with balloon distension are emerging as the techniques for future in vivo studies.

Biomaterials for Skin Repair and Regeneration

Biomaterials for Skin Repair and Regeneration Book
Author : Elena Garcia-Gareta
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-05
ISBN : 0081025475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials for Skin Repair and Regeneration examines a range of materials and technologies used for regenerating or repairing skin. With a strong focus on biomaterials and scaffolds, the book also examines the testing and evaluation pathway for human clinical trials. Beginning by introducing the fundamentals on skin tissue, the book goes on to describe contemporary technology used in skin repair as well as currently available biomaterials suitable for skin tissue repair and regeneration. Skin tissue engineering and the ideal requirements to take into account when developing skin biomaterials are discussed, followed by information on the individual materials used for skin repair and regeneration. As evaluation of biomaterials in animal models is mandatory before proceeding into human clinical trials, the book also examines the different animal models available. With a strong focus on materials, engineering, and application, this book is a valuable resource for materials scientists, skin biologists, and bioengineers with an interest in tissue engineering, regeneration, and repair of skin. Provides an understanding of basic skin biology Comprehensively examines a variety of biomaterial approaches Looks at animal models for the evaluation of biomaterial-based skin constructs

The Cambridge Handbook of Phonetics

The Cambridge Handbook of Phonetics Book
Author : Rachael-Anne Knight,Jane Setter
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-04-30
ISBN : 1108596568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phonetics - the study and classification of speech sounds - is a major sub-discipline of linguistics. Bringing together a team of internationally renowned phoneticians, this handbook provides comprehensive coverage of the most recent, cutting-edge work in the field, and focuses on the most widely-debated contemporary issues. Chapters are divided into five thematic areas: segmental production, prosodic production, measuring speech, audition and perception, and applications of phonetics. Each chapter presents an historical overview of the area, along with critical issues, current research and advice on the best practice for teaching phonetics to undergraduates. It brings together global perspectives, and includes examples from a wide range of languages, allowing readers to extend their knowledge beyond English. By providing both state-of-the-art research information, and an appreciation of how it can be shared with students, this handbook is essential both for academic phoneticians, and anyone with an interest in this exciting, rapidly developing field.

Digital Twins for Digital Transformation Innovation in Industry

Digital Twins for Digital Transformation  Innovation in Industry Book
Author : Aboul Ella Hassanien
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-07-01
ISBN : 3030968022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Digital Twins for Digital Transformation Innovation in Industry book written by Aboul Ella Hassanien, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Digital Human Modeling

Digital Human Modeling Book
Author : Yang Cai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2008-11-05
ISBN : 3540894306
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The emerging information technologies have enabled new human patterns ranging from physiological interactions to psychological interactions. Perhaps the best example is the rapid ‘evolution’ of our thumbs from simply holding to controlling mobile devices in just a few years recently. Taking the medical field as an example, the fast-growing technologies such as pill cameras, implantable devices, robotic surgeries, and virtual reality training methods will change the way we live and work. Human Algorithms aim to model human forms, interactions, and dynamics in this new context. Human Algorithms are engineering methods that are beyond theories. They intend to push the envelopes of multi-physics, sensing, and virtual technologies to the limit. They have become more comprehensive and inexpensive for use in real-world designs: inside monitors, connected to networks, and under the patient’s skin. This book aims to reflect the state of the art of Human Algorithms. It is a survey of innovative ideas for readers who may be new to this field. The targeted groups include college students, researchers, engineers, designers, scientists, managers, and healthcare professionals. The 11 chapters are divided into three parts: Human Dynamics, Virtual Humans, and Human Forms. Part I: Human Dynamics. In the first chapter “Implantable Computing,” Warwick and Gasson present an overview of the latest developments in the field of Brain to Computer Interfacing. They describe human experimentation in which neural implants have linked the human nervous system bi-directionally with technological devices and the Internet. In the chapter “Brainwave-Based Imagery Analysis,” Cowell et al.

The Routledge Handbook of Phonetics

The Routledge Handbook of Phonetics Book
Author : William F. Katz,Peter F. Assmann
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-03-15
ISBN : 0429508565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Routledge Handbook of Phonetics provides a comprehensive and up-to-date compilation of research, history and techniques in phonetics. With contributions from 41 prominent authors from North America, Europe, Australia and Japan, and including over 130 figures to illustrate key points, this handbook covers all the most important areas in the field, including: • the history and scope of techniques used, including speech synthesis, vocal tract imaging techniques, and obtaining information on under-researched languages from language archives; • the physiological bases of speech and hearing, including auditory, articulatory, and neural explanations of hearing, speech, and language processes; • theories and models of speech perception and production related to the processing of consonants, vowels, prosody, tone, and intonation; • linguistic phonetics, with discussions of the phonetics-phonology interface, sound change, second language acquisition, sociophonetics, and second language teaching research; • applications and extensions, including phonetics and gender, clinical phonetics, and forensic phonetics. The Routledge Handbook of Phonetics will be indispensable reading for students and practitioners in the fields of speech, language, linguistics and hearing sciences.

The Biomechanics of Impact Trauma

The Biomechanics of Impact Trauma Book
Author : International Center for Transportation Studies
Publisher : North Holland
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Biomechanics of Impact Trauma book written by International Center for Transportation Studies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Innovations and Emerging Technologies in Wound Care

Innovations and Emerging Technologies in Wound Care Book
Author : Amit Gefen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-05
ISBN : 0128150289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovations and Emerging Technologies in Wound Care is a pivotal book on the prevention and management of chronic and non-healing wounds. The book clearly presents the research and evidence that should be considered when planning care interventions to improve health related outcomes for patients. New and emerging technologies are discussed and identified, along with tactics on how they can be integrated into clinical practice. This book offers readers a bridge between biomedical engineering and medicine, with an emphasis on technological innovations. It includes contributions from engineers, scientists, clinicians and industry professionals. Users will find this resource to be a complete picture of the latest knowledge on the tolerance of human tissues to sustained mechanical and thermal loads that also provides a deeper understanding of the risk for onset and development of chronic wounds. Describes the state-of-knowledge in wound research, including tissue damage cascades and healing processes Covers all state-of-the-art technology in wound prevention, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment Discusses emerging research directions and future technology trends in the field of wound prevention and care Offers a bench-to-bedside exploration of the key issues that affect the practice of prevention and management of non-healing wounds

Myles Textbook for Midwives E Book

Myles  Textbook for Midwives E Book Book
Author : Jayne E. Marshall,Maureen D. Raynor
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2020-05-12
ISBN : 0702076449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by midwives for midwives, Myles Textbook for Midwives has been the seminal textbook of midwifery for over 60 years. It offers comprehensive coverage of topics fundamental to 21st midwifery practice. Co-edited for the second time, by internationally renowned midwife educationalists, Professor Jayne E Marshall and Maureen D Raynor from the United Kingdom with a team of contributors from across the midwifery community it retains its clear, accessible writing style. Most chapters provide useful case studies, websites of key organisations and charities for individuals to access further information. Reflective questions at the end of each chapter as well as annotated further reading aid reflective learning and stimulate discussions relating to continuing professional development. The book covers key frameworks that govern midwifery practice, exploring ethical and legal frameworks that are essential to every accountable, autonomous, professional midwife. Includes employer-led models of supervision, vital elements of leadership and clinical governance that supports the provision of high quality maternity services and standards of midwifery practice. The concept of resilience is introduced for the reader to contemplate their personal contribution in creating an environment that is conducive to protecting the wellbeing of themselves and colleagues within the workplace. The text covers the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, highlighting the importance of midwives as global citizens with common goals, and together they form a strong global community prepared to challenge social inequalities and take action to help end extreme poverty. Covers designing and implementing high quality midwifery care using evidence, policy and models of care. Highlights why a holistic and evidence-informed approach is necessary to achieve effective care for all. Working examples will help the reader to think critically about their own practice. For this edition several new chapters are introduced covering concealed pregnancy, fear of childbirth (tocophobia), care of the acutely unwell woman and end of life issues including rights of the fetus/neonate and ethical considerations.