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Biomaterials And Medical Tribology

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Biomaterials and Medical Tribology

Biomaterials and Medical Tribology Book
Author : J. Paulo Davim
Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9780857090171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical tribology can be defined as the science of tribological phenomena in the human body, both those that naturally occur in the tissues or organs and those that arise after implantation of an artificial device, while biomaterials are inert substances designed to be incorporated into living systems. Biomaterials and medical tribology brings together a collection of high quality articles and case studies focussing on new research and developments in these two important fields. The book provides details of the different types of biomaterial available and their applications, including nanoparticles for biomedical applications, synergism effects during fiction and fretting corrosion experiments, application of biomedical-grade titanium alloys in trabecular bone and artificial joints, fatigue strengthening of an orthopaedic Ti6AI4V alloy, wear determination on retrieved metal-on-metal hip arthoplasty, natural articular joints, the importance of bearing porosity in engineering and natural lubrication, tribological characterization of human tooth enamel, and finally, liposome-based carrier systems and devices used for pulmonary drug delivery. Biomaterials and medical tribology is an essential reference for materials scientists, engineers, and researchers in the field of medical tribology. The title also provides an overview for academics and clinicians in this area.

Biomaterials and Medical Tribology

Biomaterials and Medical Tribology Book
Author : J Paulo Davim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0857092200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical tribology can be defined as the science of tribological phenomena in the human body, both those that naturally occur in the tissues or organs and those that arise after implantation of an artificial device, while biomaterials are inert substances designed to be incorporated into living systems. Biomaterials and medical tribology brings together a collection of high quality articles and case studies focussing on new research and developments in these two important fields. The book provides details of the different types of biomaterial available and their applications, including nanoparticles for biomedical applications, synergism effects during fiction and fretting corrosion experiments, application of biomedical-grade titanium alloys in trabecular bone and artificial joints, fatigue strengthening of an orthopaedic Ti6AI4V alloy, wear determination on retrieved metal-on-metal hip arthoplasty, natural articular joints, the importance of bearing porosity in engineering and natural lubrication, tribological characterization of human tooth enamel, and finally, liposome-based carrier systems and devices used for pulmonary drug delivery. Biomaterials and medical tribology is an essential reference for materials scientists, engineers, and researchers in the field of medical tribology. The title also provides an overview for academics and clinicians in this area.

UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook

UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook Book
Author : Steven M. Kurtz
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-04-27
ISBN : 9780080884448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook describes the science, development, properties and application of of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) used in artificial joints. This material is currently used in 1.4 million patients around the world every year for use in the hip, knee, upper extremities, and spine. Since the publication of the 1st edition there have been major advances in the development and clinical adoption of highly crosslinked UHMWPE for hip and knee replacement. There has also been a major international effort to introduce Vitamin E stabilized UHMWPE for patients. The accumulated knowledge on these two classes of materials are a key feature of the 2nd edition, along with an additional 19 additional chapters providing coverage of the key engineering aspects (biomechanical and materials science) and clinical/biological performance of UHMWPE, providing a more complete reference for industrial and academic materials specialists, and for surgeons and clinicians who require an understanding of the biomaterials properties of UHMWPE to work successfully on patient applications. The UHMWPE Handbook is the comprehensive reference for professionals, researchers, and clinicians working with biomaterials technologies for joint replacement New to this edition: 19 new chapters keep readers up to date with this fast moving topic, including a new section on UHMWPE biomaterials; highly crosslinked UHMWPE for hip and knee replacement; Vitamin E stabilized UHMWPE for patients; clinical performance, tribology an biologic interaction of UHMWPE State-of-the-art coverage of UHMWPE technology, orthopedic applications, biomaterial characterisation and engineering aspects from recognised leaders in the field

PEEK Biomaterials Handbook

PEEK Biomaterials Handbook Book
Author : Steven M. Kurtz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2011-11-09
ISBN : 143774463X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PEEK biomaterials are currently used in thousands of spinal fusion patients around the world every year. Durability, biocompatibility and excellent resistance to aggressive sterilization procedures make PEEK a polymer of choice, replacing metal in orthopedic implants, from spinal implants and hip replacements to finger joints and dental implants. This Handbook brings together experts in many different facets related to PEEK clinical performance as well as in the areas of materials science, tribology, and biology to provide a complete reference for specialists in the field of plastics, biomaterials, medical device design and surgical applications. Steven Kurtz, author of the well respected UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook and Director of the Implant Research Center at Drexel University, has developed a one-stop reference covering the processing and blending of PEEK, its properties and biotribology, and the expanding range of medical implants using PEEK: spinal implants, hip and knee replacement, etc. Covering materials science, tribology and applications Provides a complete reference for specialists in the field of plastics, biomaterials, biomedical engineering and medical device design and surgical applications

Bio Tribocorrosion in Biomaterials and Medical Implants

Bio Tribocorrosion in Biomaterials and Medical Implants Book
Author : Yu Yan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-30
ISBN : 0857098608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During their service life, most biomaterials and medical implants are vulnerable to tribological damage. In addition, the environments in which they are placed are often corrosive. The combination of triobology, corrosion and the biological environment has been named ‘bio-tribocorrosion’. Understanding this complex phenomenon is critical to improving the design and service life of medical implants. This important book reviews recent key research in this area. After an introduction to the topography of bio-tribocorrosion, Part one discusses different types of tribocorrosion including fatigue-corrosion, fretting-corrosion, wear-corrosion and abrasion-corrosion. The book also discusses the prediction of wear in medical devices. Part two looks at biological effects on tribocorrosion processes, including how proteins interact with material surfaces and the evolution of surface changes due to bio-tribocorrosion resulting from biofilms and passive films. Part three reviews the issue of bio-tribocorrosion in clinical practice, including dental applications and joint replacement as well the use of coatings and test methods for bio-tribocorrosion. With its international team of contributors, Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants is a standard reference for those researching and developing medical devices as well as clinicians in such areas as dentistry and orthopaedic surgery. Reviews recent research in bio-tribocorrosion and its role in improving the design and service life of medical implants Discusses types of bio-tribocorrosion including fatigue and wear corrosion Examines biological effects on bio-tribocorrosion processes including interaction of proteins with metal surfaces

Bioengineering and Biomaterials in Ventricular Assist Devices

Bioengineering and Biomaterials in Ventricular Assist Devices Book
Author : Eduardo Guy Perpétuo Bock
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-10-07
ISBN : 1000462897
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Often associated with artificial hearts, ventricular assist devices (VADs) are blood pumps that can provide circulatory assistance to the left ventricle, the right ventricle, or both. Bioengineering and Biomaterials in Ventricular Assist Devices reviews constructive details of VADs and the biomaterials used in their development and support. FEATURES Establishes an area of intersection between engineering and medicine Shows process development from mechanical design to automation and control Discusses biofunctional materials, tribology in ceramic biomaterials, biosensors, and surface engineering and blood This text is aimed at advanced students, researchers, and practicing engineers conducting work on VADs and will be of interest to a broad interdisciplinary group, including bioengineers, materials engineers, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and electrical engineers.

Metals for Biomedical Devices

Metals for Biomedical Devices Book
Author : Mitsuo Niinomi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-03-31
ISBN : 1845699246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite recent advances in medical devices using other materials, metallic implants are still one of the most commercially significant sectors of the industry. Given the widespread use of metals in medical devices, it is vital that the fundamentals and behaviour of this material are understood. Metals in biomedical devices reviews the latest techniques in metal processing methods and the behaviour of this important material. Initial chapters review the current status and selection of metals for biomedical devices. Chapters in part two discuss the mechanical behaviour, degradation and testing of metals with specific chapters on corrosion, wear testing and biocompatibility of biomaterials. Part three covers the processing of metals for biomedical applications with chapters on such topics as forging metals and alloys, surface treatment, coatings and sterilisation. Chapters in the final section discuss clinical applications of metals such as cardiovascular, orthopaedic and new generation biomaterials. With its distinguished editor and team of expert contributors, Metals for biomedical devices is a standard reference for materials scientists, researchers and engineers working in the medical devices industry and academia. Reviews the latest techniques in metal processing methods including surface treatment and sterilisation Examines metal selection for biomedical devices considering biocompatibility of various metals Assesses mechanical behaviour and testing of metals featuring corrosion, fatigue and wear

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System Book
Author : Z Jin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-05
ISBN : 0857096737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System reviews how a wide range of materials are modelled and how this modelling is applied. Computational modelling is increasingly important in the design and manufacture of biomedical materials, as it makes it possible to predict certain implant-tissue reactions, degradation, and wear, and allows more accurate tailoring of materials' properties for the in vivo environment. Part I introduces generic modelling of biomechanics and biotribology with a chapter on the fundamentals of computational modelling of biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, and a further chapter on finite element modelling in the musculoskeletal system. Chapters in Part II focus on computational modelling of musculoskeletal cells and tissues, including cell mechanics, soft tissues and ligaments, muscle biomechanics, articular cartilage, bone and bone remodelling, and fracture processes in bones. Part III highlights computational modelling of orthopedic biomaterials and interfaces, including fatigue of bone cement, fracture processes in orthopedic implants, and cementless cup fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Finally, chapters in Part IV discuss applications of computational modelling for joint replacements and tissue scaffolds, specifically hip implants, knee implants, and spinal implants; and computer aided design and finite element modelling of bone tissue scaffolds. This book is a comprehensive resource for professionals in the biomedical market, materials scientists and mechanical engineers, and those in academia. Covers generic modelling of cells and tissues; modelling of biomaterials and interfaces; biomechanics and biotribology Discusses applications of modelling for joint replacements and applications of computational modelling in tissue engineering

Mechanical Behavior of Biomaterials

Mechanical Behavior of Biomaterials Book
Author : J. Paulo Davim
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-13
ISBN : 0081021755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanical Behaviour of Biomaterials focuses on the interface between engineering and medicine, where new insights into engineering aspects will prove to be extremely useful in their relation to the biomedical sciences and their applications. The book's main objective focuses on the mechanical behavior of biomaterials, covering key aspects, such as mechanical properties, characterization and performance. Particular emphasis is given to fatigue, creep and wear, fracture, and stress and strain relationships in biomaterials. Chapters look at both experimental and theoretical results. Readers will find this to be an essential reference for academics, biomechanical researchers, medical doctors, biologists, chemists, physicists, mechanical, biomedical and materials engineers and industrial professionals. Presents contributions from international experts Provides insights at the interface of disciplines, such as engineering and the medical and dental sciences Presents a comprehensive understanding on the mechanical properties of biomaterials Covers surface and bulk properties

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices Book
Author : J Pan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 1782420258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Biotribology

Biotribology Book
Author : T V V L N Rao,Salmiah Binti Kasolang,Xie Guoxin,Jitendra Kumar Katiyar,Ahmad Majdi Abdul Rani
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-10-03
ISBN : 1000457702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotribology includes tribological phenomena of natural and implant surface interactions under relative motion in the human body. Biotribology: Emerging Technologies and Applications disseminates ideas and research trends in biotribology and presents pioneering recent research advances impacting the field, focusing on the roles of mathematics, chemistry, physics, materials, and mechanical engineering. Discusses lubrication of joint replacements, computational modeling of biotribology and multibody biomechanical models Describes metal-organic frameworks, medical friction pairs, and electrochemical techniques to tribocorrosion tests Covers state of the art and future technological developments and applications, as well as challenges and opportunities Biotribology is an important and growing field, and the topics covered in this book will be of great interest to the international tribology community, appealing to readers working in the fields of materials science, biomedical engineering, biotechnology, mechanical engineering, and related areas.

Biomedical Composites

Biomedical Composites Book
Author : Luigi Ambrosio
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-11-23
ISBN : 1845697375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocomposites are widely used in the medical industry to repair and restore bone, tooth, cartilage skin and other tissues. Biomedical composites, provides a thorough review of the current status, recent progress and future trends in composites for biomedical applications. Part one discusses the fundamentals of biocomposites with chapters on natural composites, design and fabrication of biocomposites, and hard and soft tissue applications of biocomposites. Part two then reviews applications of biocomposites. Chapters discuss composites for bone repair, composite coatings for implants, composites for spinal implants, injectable composites and composites for tissue engineered scaffolds. Chapters in part three discuss the biocompatibility, mechanical behaviour and failure of biocomposites with such topics as cellular response, testing of biocomposites and tribology of biocomposites. Finally part four reviews the future for biocomposites with chapters on nano-structured biocomposites, developing biocomposites as scaffolds and biocomposites in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Biomedical composites is an essential reference to materials scientists and researchers in industry and academia, as well as all those concerned with this increasingly important field. Provides a thorough review of the current status, recent progress and future trends in composites for biomedical applications Discusses the fundamentals of biocomposites with chapters on natural composites, design and fabrication of biocomposites and their applications Chapters address composites for bone repair, spinal implants and various other applications and discuss biocompatability, mechanical behaviour and failure of biocomposites

Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling Book
Author : Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1782423133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data

Biophotonics for Medical Applications

Biophotonics for Medical Applications Book
Author : Igor Meglinski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-06-29
ISBN : 0857096745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biophotonics for Medical Applications presents information on the interface between laser optics and cell biology/medicine. The book discusses the development and application of photonic techniques that aid the diagnosis and therapeutics of biological tissues in both healthy and diseased states. Chapters cover the fundamental technologies used in biophotonics and a wide range of therapeutic and diagnostic applications. Presents information on the interface between laser optics and cell biology/medicine Discusses the development and application of photonic techniques which aid the diagnosis and therapeutics of biological tissues in both healthy and diseased states Presents the fundamental technologies used in biophotonics and a wide range of therapeutic and diagnostic applications

Medical Devices

Medical Devices Book
Author : Seeram Ramakrishna,Lingling Tian,Charlene Wang,Susan Liao,Wee Eong Teo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-08-18
ISBN : 0081002912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Devices and Regulations: Standards and Practices will shed light on the importance of regulations and standards among all stakeholders, bioengineering designers, biomaterial scientists and researchers to enable development of future medical devices. Based on the authors’ practical experience, this book provides a concise, practical guide on key issues and processes in developing new medical devices to meet international regulatory requirements and standards. Provides readers with a global perspective on medical device regulations Concise and comprehensive information on how to design medical devices to ensure they meet regulations and standards Includes a useful case study demonstrating the design and approval process

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications Book
Author : Lígia Rodrigues,Manuel Mota
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-24
ISBN : 0081007469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications Book
Author : Laura Poole-Warren,Penny Martens,Rylie Green
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-23
ISBN : 1782421130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers

Medical Biosensors for Point of Care POC Applications

Medical Biosensors for Point of Care  POC  Applications Book
Author : Roger J Narayan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-21
ISBN : 0081000782
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Biosensors for Point of Care (POC) Applications discusses advances in this important and emerging field which has the potential to transform patient diagnosis and care. Part 1 covers the fundamentals of medical biosensors for point-of-care applications. Chapters in part 2 go on to look at materials and fabrication of medical biosensors while the next part looks at different technologies and operational techniques. The final set of chapters provide an overview of the current applications of this technology. Traditionally medical diagnostics have been dependent on sophisticated technologies which only trained professionals were able to operate. Recent research has focused on creating point-of-care diagnostic tools. These biosensors are miniaturised, portable, and are designed to be used at the point-of-care by untrained individuals, providing real-time and remote health monitoring. Provides essential knowledge for designers and manufacturers of biosensors for point-of-care applications Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals, materials, technologies, and applications of medical biosensors for point-of-care applications Includes contributions from leading international researchers with extensive experience in developing medical biosensors Discusses advances in this important and emerging field which has the potential to transform patient diagnosis and care

Bio tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants Book
Author : S. Affatato,L. Grillini
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-09-30
ISBN : 0128089849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wear can be defined as a process where interaction between two surfaces or bounding faces of solids within the working environment results in dimensional loss of one solid, with or without any actual decoupling and loss of material. Wear may accelerate corrosion that involves chemical or electrochemical reactions between materials. Both these phenomena fall under the broader category of tribocorrosion. The interactions of mechanical loading and chemical/electrochemical reactions that occur between the elements of a tribological system exposed to biological environments constitute bio-tribocorrosion science.

Extracellular Matrix derived Implants in Clinical Medicine

Extracellular Matrix derived Implants in Clinical Medicine Book
Author : Daniel L Mooradian
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-05-18
ISBN : 008100219X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extracellular Matrix-Derived Implants in Clinical Medicine comprehensively covers the emergence of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine over the past few decades, along with discussions of continuous funding and research. The book provides a state-of-the-art review of this increasingly important technology and how it is translating from bench to bedside. Part One of the book looks at the historical use of human and animal tissues, focusing on the main application areas, including cardiovascular, hard and soft tissue engineering, and neurological, while Part Two examines the challenges in harvesting, processing, and manufacturing of extracellular matrices, with a final section reviewing the international regulatory environment and economics of tissue-based products. Addresses issues of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine from a biomaterials industry perspective Looks at the historical use of human and animal tissues, focusing on the main application areas, including cardiovascular, hard and soft tissue engineering, and neurological Examines the challenges in harvesting, processing, and manufacturing of extracellular matrices Reviews the international regulatory environment and economics of tissue-based products