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Biomaterials And Medical Device Associated Infections

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Biomaterials and Medical Device Associated Infections

Biomaterials and Medical Device   Associated Infections Book
Author : L Barnes,Ian Cooper
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-21
ISBN : 0857097229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite advances in materials and sterilisation, patients who receive biomaterials of medical device implants are still at risk of developing an infection around the implantation site. This book reviews the fundamentals of biomaterials and medical device related infections and methods and materials for the treatment and prevention of infection. The first part of the book provides readers with an introduction to the topic including analyses of biofilms, diagnosis and treatment of infection, pathology and topography. The second part of the book discusses a range of established and novel technologies and materials which have been designed to prevent infection. Provides analysis of biofilms and their relevance to implant associated infections. Assesses technologies for controlling biofilms. Considers advantages and disadvantages of in vivo infection studies.

Biomaterials Associated Infection

Biomaterials Associated Infection Book
Author : Fintan Moriarty,Sebastian A.J. Zaat,Henk J. Busscher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-29
ISBN : 1461410312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials associated infection (BAI) is one of the most common complications associated with implantation of any biomaterial regardless of form or function. These infections usually involve bacterial colonization and biofilm formation on the biomaterial itself, rendering the infection impervious to antimicrobials and host defenses. In addition, it is becoming increasingly clear that infection of the surrounding tissues also plays an important role in BAI, and that the infection may be influenced by the composition and design of the implanted biomaterial. In this book, worldwide leaders in the field address this critical problem in the translation of biomaterials research into clinical practice. The book begins with an emphasis on the latest research in the pathogenesis of BAI from microbiological, immunological, and materials science perspectives. The current state of the art in antimicrobial activation of biomaterials through surface modification and the incorporation of antimicrobial agents is then discussed. In the concluding chapters, successful translation of a selection of antimicrobial technologies from preclinical research into clinical use is described alongside a discussion of the utility of these devices and perspectives for future development. This book is essential reading for researchers and clinicians who are interested in understanding the fundamentals of BAI, the latest in antimicrobial materials research, and the state of the art in clinically available antimicrobial containing medical devices.

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Paul Stoodley,Luanne Hall-Stoodley,Bill Costerton,Patrick DeMeo,Mark Shirtliff,Ellen Gawalt,Sandeep Kathju
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0128076674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The initial design criteria in the choice of indwelling materials for medical and dental purposes may be pragmatic, and based on the necessary mechanical properties required to fashion a functional device. Orthopedic implants require strong materials for weight-bearing, and articulating surfaces such as joints require durability and resistance to wear. Stents and shunts require flexibility and patency, and sutures require a high tensile strength yet also must be flexible enough for intricate manipulation. As the devices became more sophisticated and developments in materials science provided more options for manufacture, implants are being used more frequently and with longer anticipated lifetimes. Concurrently, the design process increasingly incorporated biocompatibility and comfort into the design criteria. However, with longer lifetimes, the more frequent use of invasive surgical procedures involving indwelling devices and biologically-friendly materials, there has been a rise in the number of incidences of device-related infection. Urinary catheters have been estimated to account for 30% of all nosocomial infections [1]. Between 66 and 88% of these occur after urinary catheterization [2]. It is also reported that almost 100% of catheterized patients develop an infection in an openly draining indwelling catheter which has been in place for four days or more [2]. For some procedures, such as orthopedic joint arthroplasties, the diagnosed surgical site infection rates are relatively low (between 1% and 2%; [3]); however, the increasing number of patients undergoing joint-replacement surgery translates to large numbers of patients afflicted with the consequences of complicating infections per year. Furthermore, infection of artificial joints can be devastating, since oral or IV antibiotic therapy frequently fails to resolve the infection, with the only remaining course of action being surgical debridement or partial or total revision. These two examples, the first with very high numbers of patients but of lesser severity in terms of impact to the individual, and the second, low numbers but severe patient impact, reflect the incentive to pursue a third design criteria—that of infection resistance—into materials and devices [4]. In the following sections we will discuss the role of bacterial biofilms in infection, and the growing literature highlighting biofilms as an important cause of device-related infection.

Biomaterial Related Infections

Biomaterial Related Infections Book
Author : Natália Martins,Célia F. Rodrigues
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-23
ISBN : 3039434381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of medical devices (e.g., catheters, implants, and probes) is a common and essential part of medical care for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. However, these devices quite frequently lead to the incidence of infections due to the colonization of their abiotic surfaces by biofilm-growing microorganisms, which are progressively resistant to antimicrobial therapies. Several methods based on anti-infective biomaterials that repel microbes have been developed to combat device-related infections. Among these strategies, surface coating with antibiotics (e.g., beta-lactams), natural compounds (e.g., polyphenols), or inorganic elements (e.g., silver and copper nanoparticles) has been widely recognized as exhibiting broad-spectrum bactericidal or bacteriostatic activity. So, in order to achieve a better therapeutic response, it is crucial to understand how these infections are different from others. This will allow us to find new biomaterials characterized by antifouling coatings with repellent properties or low adhesion towards microorganisms, or antimicrobial coatings that are capable of killing microbes approaching the surface, improving biomaterial functionalization strategies and supporting tissues’ bio-integration.

Regulatory Affairs for Biomaterials and Medical Devices

Regulatory Affairs for Biomaterials and Medical Devices Book
Author : Stephen F. Amato,Robert M. Ezzell Jr
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-27
ISBN : 0857099205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All biomaterials and medical devices are subject to a long list of regulatory practises and policies which must be adhered to in order to receive clearance. This book provides readers with information on the systems in place in the USA and the rest of the world. Chapters focus on a series of procedures and policies including topics such as commercialization, clinical development, general good practise manufacturing and post market surveillance. Addresses global regulations and regulatory issues surrounding biomaterials and medical devices Especially useful for smaller companies who may not employ a full time vigilance professional Focuses on procedures and policies including risk management, intellectual protection, marketing authorisation, university patent licenses and general good practise manufacturing

Biomaterials Associated Infection

Biomaterials Associated Infection Book
Author : T. Fintan Moriarty,Sebastian A.J. Zaat,Henk J. Busscher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-29
ISBN : 1461410304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With BAI being one of the most common complications associated with implantation of any biomaterial, this vital book features contributions from leaders in the field who address this critical problem in applying biomaterials research to clinical practice.

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine Book
Author : Lei Yang,Sarit Bhaduri,Thomas J. Webster
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 012813478X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine delivers timely and detailed information on the latest advances in biomaterials and their role and impact in translational medicine. Key topics addressed include the properties and functions of these materials and how they might be applied for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Particular emphasis is placed on basic fundamentals, biomaterial formulations, design principles, fabrication techniques and transitioning bench-to-bed clinical applications. The book is an essential reference resource for researchers, clinicians, materials scientists, engineers and anyone involved in the future development of innovative biomaterials that drive advancement in translational medicine. Systematically introduces the fundamental principles, rationales and methodologies of creating or improving biomaterials in the context of translational medicine Includes the translational or commercialization status of these new biomaterials Provides the reader with enough background knowledge for a fundamental grip of the difficulties and technicalities of using biomaterial translational medicine Directs the reader on how to find other up-to-date sources (i.e. peer reviewed journals) in the field of translational medicine and biomaterials

Biomaterials in Modern Medicine

Biomaterials in Modern Medicine Book
Author : G. Rakhorst,Rutger Jan Ploeg
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9812709568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design of biomedical products / G.J. Verkerke & E.B. van der Houwen -- Animal models in biomaterials research / G. Rakhorst ... [et al.] -- Technology assessment / J.M. Hummel -- Hemocompatibility of medical devices / W. van Oeveren -- Tissue and cell interactions with (bio)materials / T.G. van Kooten & R. Kuijer -- Biomaterials-associated surgery and infection / P.G.M. Maathuis ... [et al.] -- Cardiopulmonary bypass and postoperative organ dysfunction / Y.J. Gu -- Mechanical circulatory support systems / G. Rakhorst & M.E. Erasmus -- Biomaterials-related infections in orthopedic implants / D. Neut & R.L. Diercks -- Biomaterials for voice reconstruction / G.J. Verkerke ... [et al.] -- Biomaterials in ophthalmology / V.W. Renardel de Lavalette & S.A. Koopmans -- Biomaterials in plastic surgery / M.F. Meek -- Surgical meshes : morphology-dependent bacterial colonization / A.F. Engelsman

Biofilm based Healthcare associated Infections

Biofilm based Healthcare associated Infections Book
Author : Gianfranco Donelli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-10
ISBN : 3319097822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to provide readers with a wide overview of the main healthcare-associated infections caused by bacteria and fungi able to grow as biofilm. The recently acquired knowledge on the pivotal role played by biofilm-growing microorganisms in healthcare-related infections has given a new dynamic to detection, prevention and treatment of these infections in patients admitted to both acute care hospitals and long-term care facilities. Clinicians, hygienists and microbiologists will be updated by leading scientists on the state-of-art of biofilm-based infections and on the most innovative strategies for prevention and treatment of these infections, often caused by emerging multidrug-resistant biofilm-growing microorganisms.

Biofilms and Implantable Medical Devices

Biofilms and Implantable Medical Devices Book
Author : Ying Deng,Wei Lv
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-10-24
ISBN : 0081003986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biofilms and Implantable Medical Devices: Infection and Control explores the increasing use of permanent and semi-permanent implants and indwelling medical devices. As an understanding of the growth and impact of biofilm formation on these medical devices and biomaterials is vital for protecting the health of the human host, this book provides readers with a comprehensive treatise on biofilms and their relationship with medical devices, also reporting on infections and associated strategies for prevention. Provides useful information on the fundamentals of biofilm problems in medical devices Discusses biofilm problems in a range of medical devices Focuses on strategies for prevention of biofilm formation

Medical Devices

Medical Devices Book
Author : Seeram Ramakrishna,Lingling Tian,Charlene Wang,Susan Liao,Wee Eong Teo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-08-18
ISBN : 0081002912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Devices and Regulations: Standards and Practices will shed light on the importance of regulations and standards among all stakeholders, bioengineering designers, biomaterial scientists and researchers to enable development of future medical devices. Based on the authors’ practical experience, this book provides a concise, practical guide on key issues and processes in developing new medical devices to meet international regulatory requirements and standards. Provides readers with a global perspective on medical device regulations Concise and comprehensive information on how to design medical devices to ensure they meet regulations and standards Includes a useful case study demonstrating the design and approval process

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science Book
Author : Buddy D. Ratner
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0125824637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"... This reference integrates a historical perspective of materials engineering principles with biological interactions of biomaterials. Also provided within are regulatory and ethical issues in addition to future directions of the field, and a state-of-the-art update of medical and biotechnological applications. All aspects of biomaterials science are thoroughly addressed, from tissue engineering to cochlear prostheses and drug delivery systems. Over 80 contributors from academia, government and industry detail the principles of cell biology, immunology, and pathology. Focus within pertains to the clinical uses of biomaterials as components in implants, devices, and artificial organs. This reference also touches upon their uses in biotechnology as well as the characterization of the physical, chemical, biochemical and surface properties of these materials." -- Publisher's description.

Encyclopedia of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering

Encyclopedia of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering Book
Author : Gary E. Wnek,Gary L. Bowlin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-05-28
ISBN : 1498761437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by more than 400 subject experts representing diverse academic and applied domains, this multidisciplinary resource surveys the vanguard of biomaterials and biomedical engineering technologies utilizing biomaterials that lead to quality-of-life improvements. Building on traditional engineering principles, it serves to bridge advances in mat

Silver Nanocomposite Material as Antibacterial Coating on Indwelling Medical Devices Based Biomaterials

Silver Nanocomposite Material as Antibacterial Coating on Indwelling Medical Devices Based Biomaterials Book
Author : Zohra Khatoon
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The most common type of adverse events in healthcare in Canada reported by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) are nosocomial infections. Amongst nosocomial infections, implant associated infections have been reported to be most common. Despite having the implantation surgeries carefully performed, a small, but still considerable number of devices gets colonized by bacteria resulting in implant associated infections and/or surgical site infections. The patients are then started on high dose antibiotics, which if ineffective, is followed by reimplantation surgeries that leads to long hospital stays and detrimental effects in their lives. Due to this, an alternative to antibiotics is required which could prevent and/or treat bacterial colonization on implants. The main objective of this thesis was to demonstrate the effectiveness of an antimicrobial based CLKRS peptide capped silver nanoparticle coating on a metallic and polymeric based biomaterial used in various implantable medical devices. The CLKRS peptide capped silver nanoparticle formulation was specifically engineered and tested for its antibacterial and antibiofilm properties. Silver nanoparticles were synthesised by photochemical reduction of silver ions upon photocleavage of the photoinitiator I-2959. The metal nanostructure surfaces were protected with the CLKRS peptide and tested on planktonic and biofilms of P. aeruginosa, S. aureus and S. epidermidis. The bacterial quantification was done by survival colony counting. The cytotoxicity of the silver nanoparticle formulation was also tested on human dermal fibroblast, mouse bone marrow derived macrophages, and human epithelial cells by cell proliferation assay. Results show the formation of a nanometric layer of nanosilver on the surface of the material inhibiting the growth of bacteria and eradicating pre-existing biofilms with no significant cell toxicity suggesting the prepared formulation could be a useful tool in preventing and controlling infections on implants during surgery and post implantation. This technology thus could serve as an alternative therapy for surgical site infections and/or implant associated infections.

Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine in Ophthalmology

Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine in Ophthalmology Book
Author : Traian Chirila,Damien Harkin
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-04-23
ISBN : 0081001843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine in Ophthalmology, Second Edition, focuses on an aging population and the increasing instances of eye diseases. Biomaterials continue to be used for numerous medical devices for the restoration of eyesight, improving many patients’ quality of life. Consequently, biomaterials and regenerative medicine are becoming increasingly important to the advances of ophthalmology and optometry. This book provides readers with an updated and expanded look at the present status and future direction of biomaterials and regenerative medicine in this important field. Provides an integral and significant exploration of biomaterials and regenerative medicine, presenting crucial advances made in the fields of ophthalmology and optometry, such as the development of intraocular lenses and new applications for contact lens Presents a new and updated look at the future direction of biomaterials and regenerative medicine in this field Comprehensive coverage in a range of fields, including hydrogels, corneal tissue engineering, and stem cell therapies for the restoration of the ocular surface

Peptide Synthesis

Peptide Synthesis Book
Author : Jaya Varkey
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-12-18
ISBN : 1839682574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Peptide synthesis includes an array of techniques and procedures that enable the preparation of materials ranging from small peptides to large proteins. Many synthetic peptides have commercial and pharmaceutical applications, however, the synthesis of these peptides is a difficult task. This book addresses the common problems relating to the synthesis and applications of synthetic peptides. It discusses novel methods for the efficient synthesis of long chain and difficult peptide sequences and presents detailed analysis of various aspects of solid phase peptide synthesis. It also includes a section on antimicrobial peptides.

Biofilm Eradication and Prevention

Biofilm Eradication and Prevention Book
Author : Tamilvanan Shunmugaperumal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-12-28
ISBN : 9781118043554
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biofilm Eradication and Preventions presents the basics of biofilm formation on medical devices, diseases related to this formation, and approaches pharmaceutical researchers need to take to limit this problem. Split into three parts, the first deals with the development and characterization of biofilm on the surfaces of implanted or inserted medical devices. Questions as to why biofilms form over medical device surfaces and what triggers biofilm formation are addressed. In the second section, the author discusses biofilm-mediated chronic infections occurred in various organs (eyes, mouth, wounds) and pharmaceutical and drug delivery knowledge gained from research in these area. The third part explores pharmaceutical approaches like lipid-and polymer-based drug delivery carriers for eradicating biofilm on device-related infections. In addition, this section also explores the topic of novel small molecule (like iron and its complexes/metal chelators) and a quorum-sensing inhibitors to control medical biofilm formation.

Drug Device Combination Products

Drug Device Combination Products Book
Author : Andrew Lewis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-12-15
ISBN : 1845697480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug delivery systems represent a vast area of research and development within biomaterials and medicine and the demand for sophisticated drug delivery devices continues to drive novel product development. Advanced drug delivery devices can offer significant advantages over conventional drugs and devices alone, such as increased efficiency, improved performance and convenience. The purpose of this book is to illustrate how effective drug delivery can be achieved by means other than tablets. The book will provide a thorough analysis of the fundamentals, applications and new technologies of drug-device combination products for use throughout the human body. Part one provides readers with an introduction and background to the field. Chapters in Part two discuss areas of application such as catheter based products, drug eluting stents and beads and anti-biotic loaded cements. Part three covers the development of drug device combination products with chapters on such topics as pre-clinical testing, sterilisation, patent issues and regulation of drug device combination products. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Drug-device combination products: delivery technologies and applications is an invaluable reference for product development specialists, materials scientists and engineers in the biomedical industry and academia as well as those concerned with drug delivery. Illustrates how effective drug delivery can be achieved by means other than tablets providing readers with a comprehensive introduction and background to the field Provides a thorough analysis of the fundamentals, applications and new technologies of drug device combination products Discusses areas of application such as catheter based products and reviews the development of drug device combination products including pre-clinical testing and sterilisation

Wound Healing Biomaterials Volume 1

Wound Healing Biomaterials   Volume 1 Book
Author : Magnus Ågren
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-06-03
ISBN : 0081006055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wound Healing Biomaterials: Volume One, Therapies and Regeneration discusses the types of wounds associated with trauma, illness, or surgery that can sometimes be extremely complex and difficult to heal. Consequently, there is a prominent drive for scientists and clinicians to find methods to heal these types of wounds, with science increasingly turning towards biomaterials to address these challenges. Much research is now concerned with new therapies, regeneration methods, and biomaterials to assist in wound healing and healing response. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of the fundamentals and advances in the field of wound healing with regard to therapies and tissue regeneration. Chapters in Part One discuss fundamentals and strategies of wound healing, while Part Two reviews gene, stem cell, and drug delivery therapies for wound healing. Final chapters look at tissue regeneration strategies, making this an all-encompassing book on the topic of wound care and biomaterials. Provides more systematic and comprehensive coverage of specific therapies and biomaterials for wound healing Highlights research that is concerned with new therapies, regeneration methods, and the use of biomaterials to assist in wound healing and healing response Presents an organized layout of the material that is carefully arranged with clear titles and comprehensive section headings Looks at tissue regeneration strategies, making this an all encompassing book on the topic of wound care

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 2

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 2 Book
Author : Jessica Amber Jennings,Joel David Bumgardner
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-28
ISBN : 0081002564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chitosan Based Biomaterials: Tissue Engineering and Therapeutics, Volume 2, provides the latest information on chitosan, a natural polymer derived from the marine material chitin. Chitosan displays unique properties, most notably biocompatibility and biodegradability. It can also be easily tuned to modify its structure or properties, making chitosan an excellent candidate as a biomaterial. Consequently, chitosan is being developed for many biomedical functions, ranging from tissue engineering and implant coatings to drug and gene delivery. This book provides readers with a full coverage of the applications of chitosan-based biomaterials. Presents specific focus on tissue engineering and therapeutics Provides comprehensive treatment of all biomaterial applications of chitosan Contains contributions by leading researchers with extensive experience in the material