Skip to main content

Biomaterials And Devices For The Circulatory System

In Order to Read Online or Download Biomaterials And Devices For The Circulatory System Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Biomaterials and Devices for the Circulatory System

Biomaterials and Devices for the Circulatory System Book
Author : Terence Gourlay,Richard A Black
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-10-28
ISBN : 0857090550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in the world today. Thanks to major advances in circulatory biomaterials and medical devices over the past few decades, many complications of this prevalent disease can be managed with great success for prolonged periods. Biomaterials and devices for the circulatory system reviews the latest developments in this important field and how they can be used to improve the success and safety in this industry. Part one discusses physiological responses to biomaterials with chapters on tissue response, blood interface and biocompatibility. Part two then reviews clinical applications including developments in valve technology, percutaneous valve replacement, bypass technologies and cardiovascular stents. Part three covers future developments in the field with topics such as nanomedicine, cardiac restoration therapy, biosensor technology in the treatment of cardiovascular disease and vascular tissue engineering. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors Biomaterials and devices for the circulatory system is a vital reference for those concerned with bioengineering, medical devices and clinicians within this critical field. Reviews the latest developments in this important field and how they can be used to improve success and safety in the industry Both current clinical advances as well as future innovation are assessed taking a progressive view of the role of biomaterials in medical applications An examination of the physiological responses to biomaterials features tissue responses to implanted materials and strategies to improve the biocompatibility of medical devices

Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials Book
Author : Ming H. Wu,Hengchu Cao
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-12
ISBN : 0128071052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The cardiovascular system consists of the heart and the vasculature. The physiology of the system is to circulate blood through the vasculature ensuring delivery of oxygen and vital nutrients to cells and organs in the body. Consequences of diseases disrupting normal cardiovascular function can be severe or fatal. Recent advancements in cardiovascular medicine have contributed significantly to improving life span and quality for patients by restoring normal cardiovascular function through the use of implantable devices. Examples of these cardiovascular implantable devices include endovascular stents, embolic protection devices and filters, closure devices, heart valve prostheses, cardiac rhythm management devices, such as pacemakers and defibrillators, and left ventricular assist devices. The main objective of this chapter is to provide an overview of device test methods commonly used in the development process from concept to commercialization of implantable cardiovascular devices. It is recognized that general device testing methodology and understanding for developing these cardiovascular devices can be extended to other devices as well as new product concepts under development. Developments of new medical devices are closely regulated by regulatory agencies. U.S. and international regulatory requirements for medical devices and drugs provide specific guidance for bench-top in vitro testing, in vivo animal study, clinical research, manufacturing, sterilization, and post-market surveillance for various device categories. Implantable cardiovascular devices generally fall within the Class II and Class III categories. Commercialization of these products in the United States requires FDA's Premarket Notifications (510Ks), Premarket Approvals (PMAs), or Exemptions. The design control element in the new product development procedure requires detailed documentation of design inputs and outputs as well as rational design verification through testing to ensure device functions and safety. Notably, implantable cardiovascular devices are subjected to very high safety expectation. The inability to perform periodic inspection and repair after device implantation also means that the statistical reliability and safety for these devices must be well established and verified prior to clinical uses. To facilitate discussions, a brief overview of the cardiovascular anatomy and physiology is provided in the beginning of this chapter. Following this overview are sections reviewing exemplary implantable devices used for treating various cardiovascular disorders. The majority of this chapter is then devoted to descriptions of necessary engineering characterizations and design verification test methods most relevant to developing cardiovascular devices for commercialization. Particular emphasis is placed on the attributes that are significantly affected by the biomaterials used in the designs. These include physical properties, such as the transformation temperatures for nitinol self-expanding devices, mechanical properties, structure integrity and durability, corrosion risk assessment as well as functional testing. In addition, biocompatibility testing refers to a battery of testing used to evaluate the biological reaction of the human body to the implanted device. There is a well-recognized ISO standard that governs the specific test protocol requirements (ISO 10993). Safety evaluation studies (in vitro and in vivo) are conducted on a variety of biomaterials, medical devices, and related products to identify the presence of toxins or any other potentially harmful effects. Common assessments of device imaging are also briefly described. These include radiopacity as well as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) safety and compatibility.

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science Book
Author : Buddy D. Ratner
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0125824637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

"... This reference integrates a historical perspective of materials engineering principles with biological interactions of biomaterials. Also provided within are regulatory and ethical issues in addition to future directions of the field, and a state-of-the-art update of medical and biotechnological applications. All aspects of biomaterials science are thoroughly addressed, from tissue engineering to cochlear prostheses and drug delivery systems. Over 80 contributors from academia, government and industry detail the principles of cell biology, immunology, and pathology. Focus within pertains to the clinical uses of biomaterials as components in implants, devices, and artificial organs. This reference also touches upon their uses in biotechnology as well as the characterization of the physical, chemical, biochemical and surface properties of these materials." -- Publisher's description.

Wound Closure Biomaterials and Devices

Wound Closure Biomaterials and Devices Book
Author : Chih-Chang Chu,J. Anthony von Fraunhofer,Howard P. Greisler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-12-20
ISBN : 9780849349645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Virtually every wound, whether surgical or traumatic, needs to be closed to promote wound healing and prevent infection. Increasingly sophisticated and effective materials for the crucial surgical treatment of wound closure are being developed continuously. Keep up with the most recent research progress and future trends in this complex and rapidly changing field with Wound Closure Biomaterial and Devices. This state-of-the-art book provides detailed information and critical discussions on: ï Sutures and other wound closure devices, including absorbable sutures and their biodegradation properties ï The chemistry, physics, mechanics, biology, and biomaterials science of suture materials ï Tissue adhesive, ligating clips, and staplers ï The biomechanics and pathology of wound healing ï Future trends and new emerging materials in the treatment of wound closure

Smart Biomaterial Devices

Smart Biomaterial Devices Book
Author : A.K. Bajpai,Jaya Bajpai,Rajesh Kumar Saini,Priyanka Agrawal,Atul Tiwari
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-12-19
ISBN : 1498707017
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Polymers have emerged as one of the most innovative classes of materials in modern materials science, leading to new applications in medicine and pharmacy. This book offers a convincing and understandable approach to polymer biomaterial devices being used in various areas related to biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. The polymer materials finding application as biomaterials are discussed and described in detail pertaining to the areas of artificial implants, orthopedics, ocular devices, dental implants, drug delivery systems, burns and wounds.

Biomaterials Medical Devices and Tissue Engineering An Integrated Approach

Biomaterials  Medical Devices and Tissue Engineering  An Integrated Approach Book
Author : Frederick Silver
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1993-11-30
ISBN : 9780412412608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

are then selected and must meet the general 'biocompatibility' require ments. Prototypes are built and tested to include biocompatibility evalua tions based on ASTM standard procedures. The device is validated for sterility and freedom from pyrogens before it can be tested on animals or humans. Medical devices are classified as class I, II or III depending on their invasiveness. Class I devices can be marketed by submitting notification to the FDA. Class II and III devices require either that they show equivalence to a device marketed prior to 1976 or that they receive pre-marketing approval. The time from device conception to FDA approval can range from months (class I device) to in excess of ten years (class III device). Therefore, much planning is necessary to pick the best regulatory approach. 2. Wound Dressings and Skin Replacement 2.1 Introduction Wounds to the skin are encountered every day. Minor skin wounds cause some pain, but these wounds will heal by themselves in time. Even though many minor wounds heal effectively without scarring in the absence of treatment, they heal more rapidly if they are kept clean and moist. Devices such as Band-Aids are used to assist in wound healing. For deeper wounds, a variety of wound dressings have been developed including cell cultured artificial skin. These materials are intended to promote healing of skin damaged or removed as a result of skin grafting, ulceration, burns, cancer excision or mechanical trauma.

Current Therapy in Vascular and Endovascular Surgery E Book

Current Therapy in Vascular and Endovascular Surgery E Book Book
Author : James C. Stanley,Frank Veith,Thomas W Wakefield
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2014-03-28
ISBN : 1455759627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Current Therapy in Vascular and Endovascular Surgery is an ideal medical reference book to consult for information in this ever-changing field! Thoroughly revised to reflect the most recent innovations in vascular and endovascular surgery, it features more than 150 chapters on topics new to this edition, and equips residents and practitioners alike with the latest procedures and techniques in this rapidly growing area. Internationally recognized experts present expanded coverage of a wide array of topics, keeping you abreast of all of today's developments! Consult this title on your favorite device, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Quickly locate key information with concise, to-the-point chapters. Prepare for boards or certification exams through coverage that spans the entire spectrum of vascular surgery. Explore brand-new coverage of endovascular procedures and techniques. Learn from leaders in the field, including internationally recognized editors and numerous global experts in specialized disciplines. Access in-depth, detailed coverage of various vascular diseases, each sub-divided into discrete topics for a more focused approach. View procedures more clearly than ever before with the help of more than 800 full-color illustrations throughout.

Biomaterials

Biomaterials Book
Author : Joon Park,R. S. Lakes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-07-23
ISBN : 0387378804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

With sixty years of combined experience, the authors of this extensively revised book have learned to emphasize the fundamental materials science, structure-property relationships, and biological responses as a foundation for a wide array of biomaterials applications. This edition includes a new chapter on tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, approximately 1900 references to additional reading, extensive tutorial materials on new developments in spinal implants and fixation techniques and theory. It also offers systematic coverage of orthopedic implants, and expanded treatment of ceramic materials and implants.

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Comprehensive Biomaterials Book
Author : Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-28
ISBN : 0080552943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Handbook Of Biomaterials Evaluation

Handbook Of Biomaterials Evaluation Book
Author : Andreas F von Recum
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-12-18
ISBN : 9781560324799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This handbook addresses the needs of those who are involved in inventing, developing, and testing implants and are concerned about the interactions between biomaterial and body tissue. The authors explore the physical, chemical, mechanical and regulatory considerations of synthetic materials used in surgical and implant procedures, and how these factors impact the latest developments and new approaches. This updated edition provides the biomaterials professional with necessary information on a range of issues, including bulk characterization, surface evaluations, toxicological evaluations, in vitro methods for safety evaluation, methods for evaluating materials in special applications, surgical considerations, systems implantology, soft and hard tissue history, regulatory aspects, and clinical trials.

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science Book
Author : Yitzhak Rosen,Noel Elman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-06-06
ISBN : 1439804044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

"This book is essential when designing, developing and studying biomedical materials.... provides an excellent review—from a patient, disease, and even genetic point of view—of materials engineering for the biomedical field. ... This well presented book strongly insists on how the materials can influence patients’ needs, the ultimate drive for biomedical engineering. ...[presents an] Interesting and innovative review from a patient focus perspective—the book emphasizes the importance of the patients, which is not often covered in other biomedical material’s books." —Fanny Raisin-Dadre, BioInteractions Ltd., Berkshire, England Going far beyond the coverage in most standard books on the subject, Biomaterials Science: An Integrated Clinical and Engineering Approach offers a solid overview of the use of biomaterials in medical devices, drug delivery, and tissue engineering. Combining discussion of materials science and engineering perspectives with clinical aspects, this book emphasizes integration of clinical and engineering approaches. In particular, it explores various applications of biomaterials in fields including tissue engineering, neurosurgery, hemocompatibility, BioMEMS, nanoparticle-based drug delivery, dental implants, and obstetrics/gynecology. The book engages those engineers and physicians who are applying biomaterials at various levels to: Increase the rate of successful deployment of biomaterials in humans Lower the side-effects of such a deployment in humans Accumulate knowledge and experience for improving current methodologies Incorporate information and understanding relevant to future challenges, such as permanent artificial organ transplants Using a variety of contributors from both the clinical and engineering sides of the fields mentioned above, this book stands apart by emphasizing a need for the often lacking approach that integrates these two equally important aspects.

Biomaterials Surface Science

Biomaterials Surface Science Book
Author : Andreas Taubert,Joao F. Mano,José Carlos Rodríguez-Cabello
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-07-23
ISBN : 352764962X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

At the interface of biology, chemistry, and materials science, this book provides an overview of this vibrant research field, treating the seemingly distinct disciplines in a unified way by adopting the common viewpoint of surface science. The editors, themselves prolific researchers, have assembled here a team of top-notch international scientists who read like a "who's who" of biomaterials science and engineering. They cover topics ranging from micro- and nanostructuring for imparting functionality in a top-down manner to the bottom-up fabrication of gradient surfaces by self-assembly, from interfaces between biomaterials and living matter to smart, stimuli-responsive surfaces, and from cell and surface mechanics to the elucidation of cell-chip interactions in biomedical devices. As a result, the book explains the complex interplay of cell behavior and the physics and materials science of artificial devices. Of equal interest to young, ambitious scientists as well as to experienced researchers.

Biomaterials

Biomaterials Book
Author : Roderic S. Lakes,Joon Park
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1992-09-30
ISBN : 9780306439926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book is intended as a general introduction to the uses of artificial materials in the human body for the purposes of aiding healing, correcting deformities, and restoring lost function. It is an outgrowth of an undergraduate course for senior students in biomedical engineering, and it is offered as a text to be used in such courses. Topics include biocompatibility, techniques to minimize cor rosion or other degradation of implant materials, principles of materials science as it relates to the use of materials in the body, and specific uses of materials in various tissues and organs. It is expected that the student will have successively completed elementary courses in the mechanics of deformable bodies and in anatomy and physiology, and preferably also an introductory course in materials science prior to undertaking a course in biomaterials. Many quantitative examples are included as exercises for the engineering student. We recognize that many of these involve unrealistic simplifications and are limited to simple mechanical or chemical aspects of the implant problem. We offer as an apology the fact that biomaterials engineering is still to a great extent an empirical discipline that is complicated by many unknowns associated with the human body. In recognition of that fact, we have endeavored to describe both the successes and the failures in the use of materials in the human body. Also included are many photographs and illustrations of implants and devices as an aid to visualization.

Mechanical Circulatory Support A Companion to Braunwald s Heart Disease Ebook

Mechanical Circulatory Support  A Companion to Braunwald s Heart Disease Ebook Book
Author : Robert L. Kormos,Leslie W. Miller
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2011-08-30
ISBN : 1455727008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Mechanical Circulatory Support, by Drs. Robert L. Kormos and Leslie W. Miller, provides the clinically relevant information you need to effectively use this therapy to treat and manage end-stage cardiovascular disease. In this Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease, the world’s most prominent experts in mechanical circulatory support (MCS) cover basic science, device construction, clinical applications, socioeconomic implications, future directions, and more. Stay on top of hot topics - including innovative devices like continuous flow pumps, next-generation centrifugal pumps, and total artificial hearts; MCS for pediatric and congenital heart disease; cellular, molecular, genomic, and functional changes that occur in the failing heart in response to MCS; and Interagency Registry of Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) as a tool to track and advance clinical practice. Tap into discussions of hot topics in mechanical circulatory support (MCS), including current types of devices and clinical settings for MCS; MCS for pediatric and congenital heart disease; myocardial recovery, regenerative therapy, bleeding and thrombosis with MCS; cellular, molecular, genomic, and functional changes that occur in the failing heart in response to MCS; and Interagency Registry of Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) as a tool to track and advance clinical practice. Get a complete picture of the role of mechanical circulatory support in treatment through coverage of device construction, clinical applications, socioeconomic implications, and future directions. Master the pathophysiology and rationale of treatment with discussions of basic science in addition to clinically-relevant information and current clinical practice guidelines. Apply the expertise of the world’s most prominent leaders in mechanical circulatory support.

Modern Tribology Handbook Two Volume Set

Modern Tribology Handbook  Two Volume Set Book
Author : Bharat Bhushan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-12-28
ISBN : 0849377870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Recent research has led to a deeper understanding of the nature and consequences of interactions between materials on an atomic scale. The results have resonated throughout the field of tribology. For example, new applications require detailed understanding of the tribological process on macro- and microscales and new knowledge guides the rational

Biomedical Devices and Their Applications

Biomedical Devices and Their Applications Book
Author : D. Shi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-10-05
ISBN : 9783540222040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This volume introduces readers to the basic concepts and recent advances in the field of biomedical devices. The text gives a detailed account of novel developments in drug delivery, protein electrophoresis, estrogen mimicking methods and medical devices. It also provides the necessary theoretical background as well as describing a wide range of practical applications. The level and style make this book accessible not only to scientific and medical researchers but also to graduate students.

Biomaterials and Applications

Biomaterials and Applications Book
Author : Tawee Tunkasiri
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-04-25
ISBN : 3038138215
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). These proceedings bring together the invited and contributed articles presented at Chiang Mai International Conference on Biomaterials & Applications (CMICBA 2011). The main emphasis of the conference was placed on (a) biomaterials science and related disciplines, including mathematics, physics, biology and chemistry, in conjunction with (b) applications of biomaterials in areas such as life sciences, cosmetics, agriculture and the environment.

Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering

Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering Book
Author : Robert W. Cahn
Publisher : Mit Press
Release : 1990-10
ISBN : 9780262031738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The continuing rapid development of materials science and engineering is reflected in the 130 articles in this second update to the highly acclaimed Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering. Of particular note are new articles in the expanding areas of composite materials, advanced and traditional ceramics, electronic and superconducting materials, elastomers and polymer applications, wood and paper, industrial minerals, materials characterization, surfaces and interfaces, fundamental physical metallurgy and metals processing, and production and fabrication.The articles are extensively cross-referenced and include subject indexes and selective bibliographies. Special features of this and subsequent supplementary volumes are a cumulative analytical table of contents and a subject index, which together will give the reader access to information in the current or previous supplementary volumes without reference to earlier tables or indexes. Complete alphabetical lists of titles and contributors are also provided.