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Biomass Combustion Science Technology And Engineering

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Biomass Combustion Science Technology and Engineering

Biomass Combustion Science  Technology and Engineering Book
Author : Lasse Rosendahl
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0857097431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The utilisation of biomass is increasingly important for low- or zero-carbon power generation. Developments in conventional power plant fuel flexibility allow for both direct biomass combustion and co-firing with fossil fuels, while the integration of advanced technologies facilitates conversion of a wide range of biomass feedstocks into more readily combustible fuel. Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation. Part one provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks, and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation. Chapters also describe the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification. Part two goes on to explore biomass combustion and co-firing, including direct combustion of biomass, biomass co-firing and gasification, fast pyrolysis of biomass for the production of liquids and intermediate pyrolysis technologies. Largescale biomass combustion and biorefineries are then the focus of part three. Following an overview of large-scale biomass combustion plants, key engineering issues and plant operation are discussed, before the book concludes with a chapter looking at the role of biorefineries in increasing the value of the end-products of biomass conversion. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering provides a clear overview of this important area for all power plant operators, industrial engineers, biomass researchers, process chemists and academics working in this field. Reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation Provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation Describes the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : M. Mandø
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter addresses the large-scale combustion of solid biomass to produce heat and power without co-firing of fossil fuels. It introduces the combustion process with a specific focus on issues important in the combustion of solid biomass such as the condition and chemical properties of the biomass fuel, the increased fouling and corrosion of heating surfaces associated with biomass compared to fossil fuels, as well as ash properties and sintering problems. Finally, specific issues regarding the different firing technologies – grate, fluidized bed and suspension firing – are reviewed.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : H. Widell
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass-fired steam boilers are finding increasing use in industrial-scale applications for both heat and power generation. This chapter compares the main technologies for biomass combustion – spreader stoker, mass burn and biomass bubbling fluidised bed (BFB)/circulating fluidised bed (CFB) – and discusses specific issues to be addressed in the design of biomass-fired steam boiler plants. Examples of recent biomass-to-energy plants are given in order to illustrate how project-specific factors influenced the design. A section is dedicated to non-wood biomass fuels and how their characteristics affect plant design. Conversion of existing coal-fired boilers to biomass firing is also discussed. The final part of the chapter deals with operational issues of biomass-fired plants.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : C. Yin
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Co-firing biomass with fossil fuels in existing power plants is an attractive option for significantly increasing renewable energy resource utilization and reducing CO2 emissions. This chapter mainly discusses three direct co-firing technologies: pulverized-fuel (PF) boilers, fluidized-bed combustion (FBC) systems, and grate-firing systems, which are employed in about 50%, 40%, and 10% of all the co-firing plants, respectively. Their basic principles, process technologies, advantages, and limitations are presented, followed by a brief comparison of these technologies when applied to biomass co-firing. This chapter also briefly introduces indirect co-firing and parallel co-firing and their application status.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : S. Caillat,E. Vakkilainen
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For a long time biomass was combusted mostly on a small scale. Now the largest biomass boilers are over 500 MWth. This chapter tries to outline the main methods for large-scale biomass combustion. The main boiler types are the grate and bubbling-fluidised bed boilers although circulating-fluidised bed and pulverised firing do play a role. Particular emphasis has been placed on emissions, the effect of fuel quality and operating issues.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : J.P. Wolf,null Dong
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chapter gives an introduction to the main combustion techniques used for turning biomass into power and briefly discusses their relative strengths and weaknesses. The chapter also provides definitions of the main biomass types and discusses recent developments in the application of biomass for power production.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : A. Bridgwater
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter examines the fast pyrolysis of biomass to produce liquids for use as fuels and chemicals. The technology for fast pyrolysis is described and the characteristics of the main product bio-oil. This primary liquid is characterised by the many properties that affect its use. These properties have caused increasingly extensive research to be undertaken to address properties that need modification and this area is reviewed in terms of physical, catalytic and chemical upgrading. Of particular note is the increasing diversity of upgrading methods.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : L.S. Nikolaisen,P.D. Jensen
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter addresses the categorisation of biomass followed by the preparation and conditioning of biomass before combustion and gasification, which are the main technologies for heat and electricity generation. The physical and chemical characteristics are described for a range of types of biomass, together with selected examples of the common European standards for measuring biomass. The chapter addresses the problems and limitations of selected fuels and considers future trends for fuels such as mixed biopellets and the potential use of marine biomass.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : L. Lange
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass is much too precious to be used only for the production of heat and electricity. Biomass and biowaste have the potential to be used much higher up in the value chain, e.g. as food ingredients, animal feed, chemical building blocks, materials, fuels, and phosphorous-rich fertilizer. Biorefineries will take over from oil refineries. A biorefinery can use all of the different components in optimized value-adding purposes. They represent the next generation of industrial biotechnology, building on the use of microbes and microbial products to convert biomass. The bioeconomy will be a prominent part of smart and sustainable society in the future.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : A.A. Rentizelas
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chapter discusses the biomass supply chain, which is responsible for supplying an energy conversion plant with the correct quantity and quality of biomass at the correct time. The chapter first categorizes the biomass and waste streams and presents analytically the biomass supply chain, discussing its structure and characteristics. It then reviews the latest advances in biomass supply chains. The issue of integrating biomass energy conversion into waste management systems is tackled and the advantages and limitations of using biomass, in supply chain terms, are presented. The chapter concludes with future trends in biomass supply chains and logistics, and proposes sources of further information.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : Y. Neubauer
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The gasification of biomass promises plentiful options for efficient feedstock utilization. Often, the main goal is the provision of energy in the form of heat or power (or cooling) by burning the combustible gases. Another goal of biomass gasification is the generation of synthesis gases for further catalytic synthesis into base chemicals or storable energy carriers such as liquid fuels (methanol, mixed alcohols, Fischer–Tropsch liquids and dimethyl ether) or gaseous fuels such as substitute natural gas (SNG) or hydrogen. This chapter describes the fundamentals of gasification, technological developments and future trends for different sizes of plants and gives an overview of the process chains incorporating biomass gasification.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : A. Hornung
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comparison of fast and intermediate processes is given. New developments in technology are described for intermediate pyrolysis and an advanced integrative combination of biomass based processes is proposed.

Recent Perspectives in Pyrolysis Research

Recent Perspectives in Pyrolysis Research Book
Author : Mattia Bartoli,Mauro Giorcelli
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2022-04-13
ISBN : 1839699140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent Perspectives in Pyrolysis Research presents and discusses different routes of pyrolytic conversions. It contains exhaustive and comprehensive reports and studies of the use of pyrolysis for energy and materials production and waste management.

Handbook of Biofuels

Handbook of Biofuels Book
Author : Sanjay Sahay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-31
ISBN : 0128231335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Biofuels looks at the many new developments in various type of bioenergy, along with the significant constraints in their production and/or applications. Beyond introducing current approaches and possible future directions of research, this title covers sources and processing of raw materials to downstream processing, constraints involved and research approaches to address and overcome these needs. Different combinations of products from the biorefinery are included, along with the material to answer questions surrounding the optimum process conditions for conversion of different feedstocks to bioenergy, the basis for choosing conversion technology, and what bioenergy products make economic sense. With chapters on the techno-economic analysis of biofuel production and concepts and step-by-step approaches in bioenergy processing, the objective of this book is to present a comprehensive and all-encompassing reference about bioenergy to students, teachers, researchers and professionals. Reviews all existing and emerging technologies surrounding the production of advanced biofuels, including biodiesel and bioethanol Includes biofuel applications with compatible global application case studies Offers new pathways for converting biomass

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining Book
Author : Alberto Figoli,Alfredo Cassano,Angelo Basile
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-02-19
ISBN : 0081004524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining highlights the best practices needed for the efficient and environmentally-compatible separation techniques that are fundamental to the conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals for use as alternatives to petroleum refining. Membrane technologies are increasingly of interest in biorefineries due to their modest energy consumption, low chemical requirements, and excellent separation efficiency. The book provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the different types of membranes and highlights the ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels. Topics have been selected to highlight both the variety of raw materials treated in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products. Presents the first book to focus specifically on membrane technologies in biorefineries Provides a comprehensive overview of the different types of membranes and highlight ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels Topics selected highlight both the variety of raw materials treated using membranes in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products

Conifers

Conifers Book
Author : Ana Cristina Gonçalves,Teresa Fidalgo Fonseca
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2022-06-15
ISBN : 1839697768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conifers include a wide range of species that are spread all over the world. These species have wide diversity, variable stand structures ranging from monospecific monocohort to multispecific multicohort, and produce an assortment of products and services, the most frequent of which is timber. This book is a collection of contributions, both reviews and research studies, from different fields and perspectives on the management, regeneration, growth, diversity, and production of conifer stands. The book also addresses the effect of wildfires on conifer ecosystems and respiratory allergies to conifers.

Renewable Energy for Sustainable Growth Assessment

Renewable Energy for Sustainable Growth Assessment Book
Author : Nayan Kumar,Prabhansu Prabhansu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-04-05
ISBN : 1119785367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE GROWTH ASSESSMENT Written and edited by a team of experts in the field, this collection of papers reflects the most up-to-date and comprehensive current state of renewable energy for sustainable growth assessment and provides practical solutions for engineers and scientists. Renewable energy resources (RERs) are gaining more attention in academia and industry as one of the preferred choices of sustainable energy conversion. Due to global energy demand, environmental impacts, economic needs and social issues, RERs are encouraged and even funded by many governments around the world. Today, researchers are facing numerous challenges as this field emerges and develops, but, at the same time, new opportunities are waiting for RERs utilization in sustainable development all over the globe. Efficient energy conversion of solar, wind, biomass, fuel cells, and other techniques are gaining more popularity and are the future of energy. The present book cross-pollinates recent advances in the study of renewable energy for sustainable growth. Various applications of RERs, modeling and performance analysis, grid integration, soft computing, optimization, artificial intelligence (AI) as well as machine and deep learning aspects of RERs are extensively covered. Whether for the veteran engineer or scientist, the student, or a manager or other technician working in the field, this volume is a must-have for any library. This outstanding new volume Assesses the current and future need for energy on a global scale and reviews the role of renewable energy Includes multiple chapters on biomass and bioenergy Also includes multiple chapters on solar energy and PVs Also includes chapters on fuel cells, wind power, and many other topics Covers the design and implementation of power electronics for energy systems Outlines best practices and the state of the art for renewable energy with regard to sustainability Audience: Engineers, scientists, technicians, managers, students, and faculty working in the field of renewable energy, sustainability and power system

Sustainable Bioprocessing for a Clean and Green Environment

Sustainable Bioprocessing for a Clean and Green Environment Book
Author : M. Jerold,A. Santhiagu,Rajulapati Sathish Babu,Narasimhulu Korapatti
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-17
ISBN : 1000377989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Bioprocessing for a Clean and Green Environment: Concepts and Applications highlights the importance of waste to health in which waste is safely converted to value-added products via bioprocess technologies. Providing fundamental concepts and applications, this book also offers readers the methodology behind the operation of a variety of biological processes used in developing valuable products from waste. Features: Discusses synthesis and use of environmentally friendly biobased materials, such as biopolymer films and biobased plasticizers Highlights nanotechnology applications in the treatment of pollution and emphasizes the synthesis of biogenic nanomaterials for environmental remediation Describes the use of biosurfactants and emerging algal technologies, such as applications of microalgae in nutraceuticals and biofuel production Details delignification for lignocellulosic biomass This interdisciplinary book offers researchers and practitioners in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and related fields a broad perspective on fundamentals, technologies, and environmental applications of sustainable bioprocessing.

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co firing

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co firing Book
Author : Sjaak Van Loo,Jaap Koppejan
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2012-05-16
ISBN : 1849773041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique handbook presents both the theory and application of biomass combustion and co-firing, from basic principles to industrial combustion and environmental impact, in a clear and comprehensive manner. It offers a solid grounding on biomass combustion, and advice on improving combustion systems.Written by leading international academics and industrial experts, and prepared under the auspices of the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement, the handbook is an essential resource for anyone interested in biomass combustion and co-firing technologies varying from domestic woodstoves to utility-scale power generation. The book covers subjects including biomass fuel pre-treatment and logistics, modelling the combustion process and ash-related issues, as well as featuring an overview of the current R&D needs regarding biomass combustion.

Environmental Energy Sustainability at Universities

Environmental Energy Sustainability at Universities Book
Author : Alberto Jesús Perea Moreno,Francisco G. Montoya
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-06
ISBN : 3039437658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of renewable energies and energy saving and efficiency are needs of global society and universities. Universities have a large responsibility and social impact, as they are an example and engine of social change. Universities, in the European context, must be at the forefront of ESA processes, seeking to be at the same level as, and preferably higher than, the rest of society, seeking a goal of 20% renewable energy for 2020 and, in the longer term, greater energy efficiency based on a diverse use of renewable energy and studying the feasibility of other energy processes (cogeneration, trigeneration, etc.). The application of renewable energies and energy efficiency allow universities to make significant savings in their costs and contribute to sustainable development and the fight against climate change. Actions in pursuit of these goals in addition to the objective of energy saving should promote research and form an example for the university community. This book aims to advance the contribution of energy saving and the use of renewable energies in order to achieve more sustainable universities.