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Biomass As Renewable Raw Material To Obtain Bioproducts Of High Tech Value

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Biomass as Renewable Raw Material to Obtain Bioproducts of High Tech Value

Biomass as Renewable Raw Material to Obtain Bioproducts of High Tech Value Book
Author : Valentin I. Popa,Irina Volf
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-02-15
ISBN : 0444637974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass as Renewable Raw Material to Obtain Bioproducts of High-tech Value examines the use of biomass as a raw material, including terrestrial and aquatic sources to obtain extracts (e.g. polyphenols), biofuels, and/or intermediates (furfural, levulinates) through chemical and biochemical processes. The book also covers the production of natural polymers using biomass and the biosynthetic process, cellulose modified by biochemical and chemical methods, and other biochemicals that can be used in the synthesis of various pharmaceuticals. Featuring case studies, discussions of sustainability, and nanomedical, biomedical, and pharmaceutical applications, Biomass as Renewable Raw Material to Obtain Bioproducts of High-tech Value is a crucial resource for biotechnologists, biochemical engineers, biochemists, microbiologists, and research students in these areas, as well as entrepreneurs, policy makers, stakeholders, and politicians. Reviews biomass resources and compounds with bioactive properties Describes chemical and biochemical processes for creating biofuels from biomass Outlines production of polysaccharides and cellulose derivatives Features applications in the fields of medicine and pharmacy

Sustainability of Biomass through Bio based Chemistry

Sustainability of Biomass through Bio based Chemistry Book
Author : Valentin I Popa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-22
ISBN : 1000358283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The process of photosynthesis is a potential source of energy and bioproducts. Renewable sources of polymeric materials offer an answer to maintaining sustainable development of economically and ecologically attractive technology. The innovations in the development of materials from biopolymers, preservation of fossil-based raw materials, complete biological degradability, reduction in the volume of garbage and compostability in the natural cycle, climate protection through reduction of carbon dioxide released, and the application possibilities of agricultural resources for the production of bio/green materials are some of the reasons why such materials are attracting public interest. FEATURES Discusses waste from urban areas, forestry and agricultural processes, specifically grown crops such as trees, starch crops, sugar crops hydrocarbon plants and oils, and finally aquatic plants such as water seaweeds and algae, which can be used as raw materials for sustainable development. Presents recent advances in the development of some specifically chemical components of biomasses for a sustainable future. Focuses on lignocellulose as a source of bio-based products. Draws upon expertise from various countries. Describes how upgraded and integrated biomass processing may reduce the risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Valentin I. Popa is professor emeritus of Wood Chemistry and Biotechnology at Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania.

Pulp Production and Processing

Pulp Production and Processing Book
Author : Valentin I. Popa
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-07-06
ISBN : 3110658844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the aspects of cellulose obtained in correlation with its integration into the new concept of biorefining. The authors detail the individual steps of pulp manufacture as well as properties and fiber characterization techniques for paper, cellulose derivatives and processing by-products. This book is of interest to scientists and advanced students working in the fields of renewable resources and biorefining.

Chemistry of Renewables

Chemistry of Renewables Book
Author : Arno Behr,Thomas Seidensticker
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-29
ISBN : 3662614308
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook introduces the industrial production and processing of natural resources. It is divided into six major topics (fats and oils, carbohydrates, lignin, terpenoids, other natural products, biorefinery), which are divided into a total of 20 chapters. Each chapter is self-contained and therefore a compact learning unit, which can be worked on by students in self-study or presented by lecturers. Clear illustrations, flow diagrams, apparatus drawings and photos facilitate the understanding of the subject matter. All chapters end with a succinct summary, the "Take Home Messages". Each chapter is supplemented by ten short test questions, which can be solved quickly after working through the chapter; the answers are at the end of the book. All chapters contain bibliographical references that focus on essential textbooks and reference works. As a prior knowledge, only basic knowledge of chemistry is required.

Advances in Food Bioproducts and Bioprocessing Technologies

Advances in Food Bioproducts and Bioprocessing Technologies Book
Author : Monica Lizeth Chavez-Gonzalez,Nagamani Balagurusamy,Christobal N. Aguilar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 1000682579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book explores and exploits the synergy and boundary between biotechnology, bioprocessing and food engineering. Divided into three parts, Advances in Food Bioproducts and Bioprocessing Technologies includes contributions that deal with new developments in procedures, bioproducts, and bioprocesses that can be given quantitative expression. Its 40 chapters will describe how research results can be used in engineering design, include procedures to produce food additives and ingredients, and discuss accounts of experimental or theoretical research and recent advances in food bioproducts and bioprocessing technologies.

Advances in 2nd Generation of Bioethanol Production

Advances in 2nd Generation of Bioethanol Production Book
Author : Xin Lu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-01-13
ISBN : 0128188634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in 2nd Generation of Bioethanol Production presents a comprehensive overview of technologies and strategies for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass. This includes issues like sustainable production, environmental and economic benefits, and the main hurdles for upscaling and achieving commercial viability. The book assesses the current biomass conversion technologies, their readiness level for commercial production, and applications of bioethanol in bioenergy and chemical feedstock. The essential conversion process of 2nd generation biofuels, including feedstock composition and pretreatment, is then broken down, with special focus on advantages and pitfalls of each feedstock and process. It also explores the advances and challenges of bioprocessing, hydrolysis technologies and simultaneous fermentation of pentose and hexose. Finally, it presents the current status and bottlenecks for industrial production of bioethanol, as well as its future prospects. Its interdisciplinary approach, drawing upon plant biology, chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, and genetics, makes Advances in 2nd Generation of Bioethanol Production a must-have reference for researchers in academia and industry R&D. It allows them to compare challenges and opportunities of new technologies and identify the gaps where new technology is needed. Practitioners in the industry also benefit from the information on working principles, design and control of the bioethanol production process, highlighting areas where technology innovation and investment should be placed. Graduate students and researchers newly entered in this field find here a key-resource to thoroughly understand the process as well as the fundamentals of bioethanol and bioproducts production from lignocellulosic biomass. Presents fundamentals and state-of-the-art of available pathways for bioethanol and bioproducts production from lignocellulosic biomass Discusses key-challenges for large scale production of bioethanol, such as pretreatment and hydrolysis Covers the specificities of various feedstocks and processes, the role of microorganisms in fermentation, saccharification limitations and challenges in the C5 and C6 fermentation

Advances in Material Sciences and Engineering

Advances in Material Sciences and Engineering Book
Author : Mokhtar Awang,Seyed Sattar Emamian,Farazila Yusof
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-19
ISBN : 9811382972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents selected papers from the 4th International Conference on Mechanical, Manufacturing and Plant Engineering (ICMMPE 2018), which was held in Melaka, Malaysia from the 14th to the 15th of November 2018. The proceedings discuss genuine problems concerning joining technologies that are at the heart of various manufacturing sectors. In addition, they present the outcomes of experimental and numerical works addressing current problems in soldering, arc welding and solid-state joining technologies.

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Book
Author : Arindam Kuila,Vinay Sharma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-02-19
ISBN : 0128179546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass describes the different aspects of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass. Each chapter presents different technological approaches for cost effective liquid biofuel production from agroresidues/biomass. Two chapters cover future direction and the possibilities of biomass-based biofuel production at the industrial level. The book provides a genetic and metabolic engineering approach for improved cellulase production and the potential of strains that can ferment both pentose and hexose sugars. The book also gives direction on how to overcome challenges for the further advancement of lignocellulosic biomass-based biofuel production. Covers genetic engineering approaches for higher cellulase production from fungi Includes genetic and metabolic engineering approaches for development of potential pentose and hexose fermenting strain which can tolerate high ethanol and toxic phenolic compounds Describe different bioreactors used in different steps of biomass-based biofuel production Outlines future prospects and potential of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals Book
Author : Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,A. Pizzi,Naved Azum,Abdullah M. Asiri,Illyas M.D. Isa
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-07-27
ISBN : 0128235276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals: Volume 1: Biological Processes presents advanced and combined techniques that can be used to convert waste to energy, including combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation. The book focuses on solid waste conversion to fuel and energy and presents the latest advances in the design, manufacture, and application of conversion technologies. Contributors from the fields of physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and manufacturing present a truly trans-disciplinary picture of the field. Chapters cover important aspects surrounding the conversion of solid waste into fuel and chemicals, describing how valuable energy can be recouped from various waste materials. As huge volumes of solid waste are produced globally while huge amounts of energy are produced from fossil fuels, the technologies described in this comprehensive book provide the information necessary to pursue clean, sustainable power from waste material. Presents the latest advances in waste to energy techniques for converting solid waste to valuable fuel and energy Brings together contributors from physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and the manufacturing industry Includes advanced techniques such as combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation Goes far beyond municipal waste, including discussions on recouping valuable energy from a variety of industrial waste materials Describes how waste to energy technologies present an enormous opportunity for clean, sustainable energy

Biomass Processing for Biofuels Bioenergy and Chemicals

Biomass Processing for Biofuels  Bioenergy and Chemicals Book
Author : Wei-Hsin Chen,Hwai Chyuan Ong,Thallada Bhaskar
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-05-23
ISBN : 3039289098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass can be used to produce renewable electricity, thermal energy, transportation fuels (biofuels), and high-value functional chemicals. As an energy source, biomass can be used either directly via combustion to produce heat or indirectly after it is converted to one of many forms of bioenergy and biofuel via thermochemical or biochemical pathways. The conversion of biomass can be achieved using various advanced methods, which are broadly classified into thermochemical conversion, biochemical conversion, electrochemical conversion, and so on. Advanced development technologies and processes are able to convert biomass into alternative energy sources in solid (e.g., charcoal, biochar, and RDF), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, bioethanol, and pyrolysis and liquefaction bio-oils), and gaseous (e.g., biogas, syngas, and biohydrogen) forms. Because of the merits of biomass energy for environmental sustainability, biofuel and bioenergy technologies play a crucial role in renewable energy development and the replacement of chemicals by highly functional biomass. This book provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical research addressing recent progress in biomass conversion processes. It also covers studies on advanced techniques and methods for bioenergy and biofuel production.

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals Book
Author : Parameswaran Binod,Sindhu Raveendran,Ashok Pandey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-15
ISBN : 0128219041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodegradable Polymers and Composites - Process Engineering to Commercialization is designed in such a way that it not only gives basic knowledge but also contains information regarding conventional and advanced technologies, socio-economic aspects, techno-economic feasibility, modelling tools and detailed Life Cycle Analysis in biopolymer production. The book discusses the advantages and importance of biopolymers over the conventionally produced plastics. Biodegradable Polymers and Composites highlights: the conventional and advanced strategies for biopolymer production; information regarding process engineering and commercialization of biopolymers; models and available modelling techniques in the sector of biopolymer production; and global case studies, opportunities and challenges (technical constraints, institutional constraints and social constraints) associated with biopolymer production. Outlines appropriate technologies for biopolymer production Evaluates Best Available Technologies (BAT) and provides examples from many geographic areas Offers tools enabling evaluation of appropriate technological systems to develop technically best and economical feasible polymers Reports new research findings related to biopolymer production

31st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

31st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering Book
Author : Metin Türkay,Rafiqul Gani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-22
ISBN : 0323885136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 31st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering: ESCAPE-31, Volume 50 contains the papers presented at the 31st European Symposium of Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) event held in Istanbul, Turkey. It is a valuable resource for chemical engineers, chemical process engineers, researchers in industry and academia, students and consultants in the chemical industries. Presents findings and discussions from the 31st European Symposium of Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) event

Anaerobic Co Digestion of Lignocellulosic Waste

Anaerobic Co Digestion of Lignocellulosic Waste Book
Author : Luis Isidoro Romero García,Carlos José Álvarez Gallego,Luis Alberto Fernández Güelfo
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-09-02
ISBN : 3036511423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Some terms, such as eco-friendly, circular economy and green technologies, have remained in our vocabulary, because the truth is that mankind is altering the planet to put its own subsistence at risk. Besides, for rationalization in the consumption of raw materials and energy, the recycling of waste through efficient and sustainable processes forms the backbone of the paradigm of a sustainable industry. One of the most relevant technologies for the new productive model is anaerobic digestion. Historically, anaerobic digestion has been developed in the field of urban wastes and wastewater treatments, but in the new challenge, its role is more relevant. Anaerobic digestion is a technologically mature biological treatment, which joins bioenergy production with the efficient removal of contaminants. This issue provides a specialized, but broad in scope, overview of the possibilities of the anaerobic digestion of lignocellulosic biomass (mainly forestry and agricultural wastes), which is expected to be a more promising substrate for the development of biorefineries. Its conversion to bioenergy through anaerobic digestion must solve some troubles: the complex lignocellulosic structure needs to be deconstructed by pretreatments and a co-substrate may need to be added to improve the biological process. Ten selected works advance this proposal into the future.

Hydrogels Based on Natural Polymers

Hydrogels Based on Natural Polymers Book
Author : Yu Chen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-23
ISBN : 0128166185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogels Based on Natural Polymers presents the latest research on natural polymer-based hydrogels, covering fundamentals, preparation methods, synthetic pathways, advanced properties, major application areas, and novel characterization techniques. The advantages and disadvantages of each natural polymer-based hydrogel are also discussed, enabling preparation tactics for specific properties and applications. Sections cover fundamentals, development, characteristics, structures and properties. Additional chapters cover presentation methods and properties based on natural polymers, including physical and chemical properties, stimuli-responsive properties, self-healing properties, and biological properties. The final section presents major applications areas, including the biomedical field, agriculture, water treatments, and the food industry. This is a highly valuable resource for academic researchers, scientists and advanced students working with hydrogels and natural polymers, as well as across the fields of polymer science, polymer chemistry, plastics engineering, biopolymers and biomaterials. The detailed information will also be of great interest to scientists and R&D professionals, product designers, technicians and engineers across industries. Provides systematic coverage of all aspects of hydrogels based on natural polymers, including fundamentals, preparation methods, properties and characterization Offers a balanced assessment of the specific properties and possibilities offered by different natural polymer-based hydrogels, drawing on innovative research Examines cutting-edge applications across biomedicine, agriculture, water treatments, and the food industry

Innovations in Sustainable Energy and Cleaner Environment

Innovations in Sustainable Energy and Cleaner Environment Book
Author : Ashwani K. Gupta,Ashoke De,Suresh K. Aggarwal,Abhijit Kushari,Akshai Runchal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-19
ISBN : 9811390126
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the state-of-the-art advances in several areas of energy, combustion, power, propulsion, and environment, focusing on the use of conventional and alternative fuels. It presents novel developments in the areas of biofuels and value added products from various feedstock materials, along with thermal management, emission control and environmental issues from energy conversion. Written by internationally renowned experts, the chapters in this volume cover the latest fundamental and applied research innovations on cleaner energy utilization for a wide range of devices extending from micro scale energy conversion to hypersonic propulsion using hydrocarbon fuels. The book will be useful as a ready reference for managers and practicing and research engineers, as well as graduate students and research organizations and institutions.

Technologies to Recover Polyphenols from AgroFood By products and Wastes

Technologies to Recover Polyphenols from AgroFood By products and Wastes Book
Author : Elisabete M.C. Alexandre,Jorge M.A. Saraiva,Manuela Pintado
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-08-26
ISBN : 0323852742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technologies to Recover Polyphenols from AgroFood By-products and Wastes: Applications in Different Fields covers the most used technologies to extract and recover polyphenols from all kinds of by-products and wastes generated by the food industry, restaurant and agricultural sectors. Polyphenols are characterized by different AgroFood by-products and waste sources, hence this book explores the practical applications of these polyphenols in the development of functional foods and pharmaceutical and cosmetic products. Containing definitions, case studies, applications, literature reviews, and coverage of recent developments, this book will be a welcomed resource for food scientists, including those working in sustainability, agriculture and engineering. Promotes a circular economy by discussing the valorization of these compounds Features case studies that enable the reader to understand the potential of several polyphenols and the possibilities regarding their incorporation into several matrixes Presents tools for the development of new lines of research or in support of ongoing investigations with solutions for existing challenges

Recycled Plastic Biocomposites

Recycled Plastic Biocomposites Book
Author : Md Rezaur Rahman,Muhammad Khusairy Bin Bakri
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-01-25
ISBN : 0323886450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recycled plastic biocomposites have attracted widespread attention from both researchers and manufacturers due to the significant improvements in their physico-mechanical, thermal, rheological, and barrier properties when compared to conventional materials, as well as their potential regarding commercialization and zero waste. Recycled Plastic Biocomposites presents the latest information on recycled polymers, textiles, pulp and paper, wood plastic, rubber waste plastic, and micro and nano effects of recycled plastic waste resources that have great potential as reinforcement materials in composites because they are non-toxic, inexpensive, biodegradable, cost-effective, and available in large amounts. Recycled plastic biocomposites are now starting to be deployed in a broad range of materials applications due to their advantages over petroleum-based materials. Currently, there are no limits to the possibility of their applications. They also have exceptional sustainable and biodegradable properties when compared to conventional materials such as polymers and composites. Recycled Plastic Biocomposites reviews the latest research advances on recycled plastic-based biocomposites, including thermoplastic, thermoset, rubber, and foams. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of recycled plastic, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. The huge potential applications of recycled plastic in industry are also explored in detail with respect to low cost, recyclable and biodegradable properties, and the way they can be applied to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. The life cycles of both single and hybrid recycled plastic-based polymer composites and biocomposites are also discussed in detail. From the viewpoint of recycled plastic-based polymer composites, the book covers not only the well-known role of recycled polymers and composites, but also advanced materials produced from micro-, nano-, and pico-scale fillers that achieve better physical, mechanical, morphological, and thermal properties. This book will be an essential reference resource for academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists, and those working in polymer science and engineering, chemical engineering, manufacturing, and biocomposites. Places an emphasis on micro-, nano-, and pico-scale fillers that significantly improve properties. Discusses the most suitable fabrication methods, properties, and applications. Features critical assessments on the economics of recycled plastic, including a cost-performance analysis that reviews its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material.

Innovation and Research

Innovation and Research Book
Author : Miguel Botto-Tobar,Marcelo Zambrano Vizuete,Angela Díaz Cadena
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-21
ISBN : 3030604675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the proceedings of the 1st International Congress on Innovation and Research – A Driving Force for Socio-Econo-Technological Development (CI3 2020). CI3 was held on June 18–19, 2020. It was organized by the Instituto Tecnológico Superior Rumiñahui and GDEON, in co-organization with Higher Institutes: Libertad, Bolivariano, Vida Nueva, Espíritu Santo, Sudamericano Loja, Central Técnico and sponsored by the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Perú), the Federal University of Goiás (Brazil) and HOSTOS—Community University of New York (USA). CI3 aims to promote the development of research activities in Higher Education Institutions and the relationship between the productive and scientific sector of Ecuador, supporting the fulfilment of the National Development Plan “Toda una vida 2017-2021”.

Enzymes for Pollutant Degradation

Enzymes for Pollutant Degradation Book
Author : Sikandar I. Mulla,R. N. Bharagava
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9811645744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about different enzymes from various sources that play an important role in the degradation of an array of pollutants with simultaneous generation of value-added products. This is an "Edited Book" which deals a comprehensive knowledge on the role of different microorganisms/their enzymes in the degradation of pollutants, wastewater treatment with simultaneous production of value added products. It also deals the current state, perspectives and various challenges associated with the microbial/enzymatic degradation of environmental pollutants. This book will provide a profound knowledge on the importance of microorganisms/their enzymes in the degradation of pollutants like pesticides, antibiotics, toxic/hazardous chemicals, endocrine disrupting chemicals/compounds with production of value-added products like bioplastics for the sustainable development of society. It covers various existing wastewater treatment approaches using microorganisms alone and /or in combination of other methods with their merits, demerits and future prospects.

Intrinsically Biocompatible Polymer Systems

Intrinsically Biocompatible Polymer Systems Book
Author : Marek Kowalczuk
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-03-25
ISBN : 3039284207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocompatibility refers to the ability of a biomaterial to perform its desired function with respect to a medical therapy, without eliciting any undesirable local or systemic effects in the recipient or beneficiary of that therapy, but generating the most appropriate beneficial cellular or tissue response in that specific situation, and optimizing the clinically relevant performance of that therapy, which reflects current developments in the area of intrinsically biocompatible polymer systems. Polymeric biomaterials are presently used as, for example, long-term implantable medical devices, degradable implantable systems, transient invasive intravascular devices, and, recently, as tissue engineering scaffolds. This Special Issue welcomes full papers and short communications highlighting the aspects of the current trends in the area of intrinsically biocompatible polymer systems.