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Biomarkers In Toxicology

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Biomarkers in Toxicology

Biomarkers in Toxicology Book
Author : Ramesh C. Gupta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-01-25
ISBN : 0124046495
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomarkers in Toxicology is a timely and comprehensive reference dedicated to all aspects of biomarkers that relate to chemical exposure and their effects on biological systems. This book includes both vertebrate and non-vertebrate species models for toxicological testing and development of biomarkers. Divided into several key sections, this reference volume contains chapters devoted to topics in molecular-cellular toxicology, as well as a look at the latest cutting-edge technologies used to detect biomarkers of exposure and effects. Each chapter also contains several references to the current literature and important resources for further reading. Given this comprehensive treatment, Biomarkers in Toxicology is an essential reference for all those interested in biomarkers across several scientific and biomedical fields. Written by international experts who have evaluated the expansive literature to provide you with one resource covering all aspects of toxicology biomarkers Identifies and discusses the most sensitive, accurate, unique and validated biomarkers used as indicators of exposure and effect of chemicals of different classes Covers special topics and applications of biomarkers, including chapters on molecular toxicology biomarkers, biomarker analysis for nanotoxicology, development of biomarkers for drug efficacy evaluation and much more

Biomarkers in Toxicology

Biomarkers in Toxicology Book
Author : Ramesh C. Gupta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-02-13
ISBN : 0128146567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomarkers in Toxicology, Second Edition, is a timely and comprehensive reference dedicated to all aspects of biomarkers that relate to chemical exposure and their effects on biological systems. This revised and completely updated edition includes both vertebrate and non-vertebrate species models for toxicological testing and the development of biomarkers. Divided into several key sections, this reference volume contains new chapters devoted to topics in microplastics, neuroimmunotoxicity and nutraceuticals, along with a look at the latest cutting-edge technologies used to detect biomarkers. Each chapter contains several references to current literature and important resources for further reading. Given this comprehensive treatment, this book is an essential reference for anyone interested in biomarkers across the scientific and biomedical fields. Evaluates the expansive literature, providing one resource covering all aspects of toxicology biomarkers Includes completely revised chapters, along with additional chapters on the newest developments in the field Identifies and discusses the most sensitive, accurate, unique and validated biomarkers used as indicators of exposure Covers special topics and applications of biomarkers, including chapters on molecular toxicology biomarkers, biomarker analysis for nanotoxicology, development of biomarkers for drug efficacy evaluation, and much more

Molecular Biological Markers for Toxicology and Risk Assessment

Molecular Biological Markers for Toxicology and Risk Assessment Book
Author : Bruce A. Fowler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-10
ISBN : 0128019018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Biological Markers for Toxicology and Risk Assessment provides an introduction to the exciting field of biomarkers and their use in toxicology and risk assessment. In recent years, new classes of molecular biomarkers capable of detecting early manifestations of ongoing chemical-induced cell injury and cell death have been developed as a result of advances in analytical chemistry, molecular biology, and computational modeling. The interplay between these emergent tools of science has resulted in new insights into initial mechanisms of chemical-induced toxicity and carcinogenicity. Molecular Biological Markers for Toxicology and Risk Assessment guides the reader through a broad range of molecular biological markers, including the "omic" biomarkers, and provides an examination of the various elements in the evolution of these modern tools. It then explores possible ways in which these markers may be applied to advance the field of chemical risk assessment. Since molecular biomarkers and related technologies are inherently complex, the book concludes with a section on risk communication in order that readers may appreciate both the strengths and limitations of molecular biological marker approaches to risk assessment practice. Introduces the use of molecular biomarkers to detect toxic effects of chemicals as early as possible Provides an accessible overview of this emerging, interdisciplinary field, to best inform decision making in chemical and pharmaceutical safety Includes a section on risk communication of these complex concepts, essential for effective risk assessment Provides new insights into the initial mechanisms of chemical-induced toxicity and carcinogenicity

Drug Discovery Toxicology

Drug Discovery Toxicology Book
Author : Yvonne Will,J. Eric McDuffie,Andrew J. Olaharski,Brandon D. Jeffy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-22
ISBN : 1119053390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a guide for pharmaceutical professionals to the issues and practices of drug discovery toxicology, this book integrates and reviews the strategy and application of tools and methods at each step of the drug discovery process. • Guides researchers as to what drug safety experiments are both practical and useful • Covers a variety of key topics – safety lead optimization, in vitro-in vivo translation, organ toxicology, ADME, animal models, biomarkers, and –omics tools • Describes what experiments are possible and useful and offers a view into the future, indicating key areas to watch for new predictive methods • Features contributions from firsthand industry experience, giving readers insight into the strategy and execution of predictive toxicology practices

Toxicological Risk Assessment and Multi System Health Impacts from Exposure

Toxicological Risk Assessment and Multi System Health Impacts from Exposure Book
Author : Aristidis M. Tsatsakis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 0323853587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxicological Risk Assessment and Multisystem Health Impacts From Exposure highlights the emerging problems of human and environmental health attributable to cumulative and multiple sources of long-term exposure to environmental toxicants. The book describes the cellular, biological, immunological, endocrinologic, genetic, and epigenetic effects of long-term exposure. It examines how the combined exposure to nanomaterials, metals, pharmaceuticals, multifrequency radiation, dietary mycotoxins, and pesticides accelerates ecotoxicity in humans, animals, plants, and the larger environment. The book goes on to also offer insights into mixture risk assessments, protocols for evaluating the risks, and how this information can serve the regulatory agencies in setting safer exposure limits. The book is a go-to resource for scientists and professionals in the field tackling the current and emerging trends in modern toxicology and risk assessment. • Bridges basic research with clinical, epidemiological, regulatory, and translational research, conveying both an introductory understanding and the latest developments in the field • Evaluates real-life human health risk assessment for long-term exposures to xenobiotic mixtures and the role they play in contributing to chronic disease • Discusses advances in predictive (in silico) toxicology tools and the benefits of using omics technologies in toxicology research

Toxicologic Biomarkers

Toxicologic Biomarkers Book
Author : Anthony P. Decaprio
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-12
ISBN : 9780367453701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Responding to the explosion of advances in the use of biomarkers to efficiently, rapidly, and economically evaluate the health effects of chemical entities, this authoritative reference provides a detailed overview of the theory, development, and practical application of biomarkers in the toxicological, environmental, forensic, and pharmaceutical sciences. Compiling the most recent studies on the generation and utilization of biomarkers for toxicant exposure, environmental and human health risk assessment, occupational safety, drug development, and the detection of biological and chemical warfare agents, this guide supplies numerous examples, figures, tables, and comprehensive reference listings within each chapter to provide the reader with an in-depth understanding of the subject.

Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment

Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment Book
Author : Diane S. Henshel
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0803120311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Papers presented at symposium as in title, held 3-5 April 1995, Denver, Colo.

Stress Inducible Cellular Responses

Stress Inducible Cellular Responses Book
Author : U. Feige,R.I. Morimoto,Barbara Polla
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2013-03-11
ISBN : 3034890885
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will deal with heat shock proteins and more generally with stress-related inducible gene expression as a pleiotropic adaptive response to stress. It presents a textbook-like overview of the field not only to heat shock experts, but to physiologists, pharmacologists, physicians, neuropsychologists and others as well. It is intended to be a state-of-the-art and perspective book rather than an up-to-date presentation of recent data. It should provide a basis for new experimetal approaches to fields at the edge of the classical heat shock field. Drugs, UV irradiation and environmental toxics will be considered as important modulators of the stress response. Radical scavengers such as superoxide dismutases and inducible regulatory proteins of metallic ion status such as ferritin as well as immunophilins and protein disulfide isomerases will be considered within the frame of stress proteins. The potential practical applications of heat shock proteins in toxicology and medicine for the diagnosis, prognosis and eventually therapy of clinical conditions associated with an increased oxidative burden will be outlined. The role of heat shock proteins in the modulation of immune responses will also be included. The book considers heat shock from a broad perspective including fields for which heat-shock may become of importance in the very near future such as cellular responses to environmental stresses and complex stress responses under specific conditions. It was also felt timely to incorporate a whole section on medical and technological applications of stress proteins. The book will be invaluable for all those working on stress and is intended for every "stress laboratory" as a source of knowledge and perspectives.

Biomarkers in Toxicology

Biomarkers in Toxicology Book
Author : Vinood B. Patel,Victor R. Preedy,Rajkumar Rajendram
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2023-03-04
ISBN : 3031073924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook of the series Biomarkers in Disease informs comprehensively about all aspects of monitoring and detecting toxicity in the human body and model organisms. Biomarkers for assessing toxicity in diverse organs are presented and different assays and methods are explained. Single compounds and drugs and their toxicity for humans are shown and the methods for detection described. Similar to all the volumes of the Biomarkers in Disease series, the chapters are written by experts in their field, each chapter features key facts summarizing the most important aspects of its respective topic and the definitions of words and terms facilitate the reading and understanding. This handbook is a must-have for researchers in toxicology and biomedicine who analyze the effects of drugs and various other substances in the human body and in model organisms. It also serves as a thorough guide for clinicians and pharmacologists.

Genomic and Epigenomic Biomarkers of Toxicology and Disease

Genomic and Epigenomic Biomarkers of Toxicology and Disease Book
Author : Saura C. Sahu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-05-02
ISBN : 1119807670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomic and Epigenomic Biomarkers of Toxicology and Disease The latest developments in biomarker research applicable to toxicology and medicine Research on genomic and epigenomic biomarkers is developing rapidly with cutting-edge studies scattered throughout the academic literature, making the status of ongoing scientific activity in this area difficult to ascertain. Genomic and Epigenomic Biomarkers of Toxicology and Disease: Clinical and Therapeutic Actions delivers a comprehensive and authoritative compilation of up-to-date developments in the application of genomic and epigenomic biomarkers to toxicology, disease prevention, cancer detection, therapeutics, gene therapy, and other areas. With contributions from a collection of internationally recognized investigators, this edited volume offers unique insights into current trends and future directions of research in the discussed areas. Combining state-of-the-art information on genomic and epigenomic biomarkers from a range of specialists from around the world, this monograph includes: A thorough introduction to microRNAs as non-invasive biomarkers of toxicity and chemical hazard Comprehensive explorations of extracellular vesicle-associated miRNAs as toxic biomarkers, as well as transcriptomic applications in toxicology and medicine Practical discussions of circulating miRNAs as biomarkers of metal exposure, as well as microRNAs biomarkers of malignant mesothelioma In-depth examinations of the role of noncoding RNAs in innate immune responses perturbed by environmental arsenic with a focus on microRNAs Perfect for researchers, toxicologists, risk assessors, and regulators, Genomic and Epigenomic Biomarkers of Toxicology and Disease: Clinical and Therapeutic Actions will also earn a place in the libraries of graduate students with an interest in biomarkers, toxicology, agriculture, or the environment.

Toxicogenomics in Predictive Carcinogenicity

Toxicogenomics in Predictive Carcinogenicity Book
Author : Michael D. Waters,Russell S. Thomas
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2016
ISBN : 1782621628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes toxicogenomics methods in predictive carcinogenicity testing and cancer risk assessment. Addresses the use of stem cells and bioinformatics in toxicogenomics. For postgraduates, academics and industrialists.

Ecological Biomarkers

Ecological Biomarkers Book
Author : Claude Amiard-Triquet,Jean-Claude Amiard,Philip S. Rainbow
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439880530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Does a change, which affects a few biological macro-molecules, some cells, or a few individuals within a population, have any ecological significance that would allow the prediction of deleterious effects at higher levels of biological organization, namely the population, community, and ultimately the ecosystem? With contributions from experts in the field, Ecological Biomarkers: Indicators of Ecotoxicological Effects explores how biomarkers can be used to predict effects farther down the chain. It presents a synthesis of the state of the art in the methodology of biomarkers and its contribution to ecological risk assessment. This book describes the core biomarkers currently used in environmental research concerned with biological monitoring, biomarkers which correspond to the defences developed by living organisms in response to contaminants in their environment, and biomarkers that reveal biological damage resulting from contaminant stressors. It examines the efficacy of lysosomal biomarkers, immunotoxicity effects, behavioral disturbances, energy metabolism impairments, endocrine disruption measures, and genotoxicity as all indicative of probable toxic effects at higher biological levels. It is time to revisit the biological responses most ecologically relevant in the diagnosis of the health status of an aquatic environment well before it becomes unmanageable. Biomarkers provide a real possibility of delivering an easily measured marker at a simple level of biological organization that is predictably linked to a potentially ecologically significant effect at higher levels of biological organization. The text explores the latest knowledge and thinking on how to use biomarkers as tools for the assessment of environmental health and management.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction Caused by Drugs and Environmental Toxicants

Mitochondrial Dysfunction Caused by Drugs and Environmental Toxicants Book
Author : Yvonne Will,James A. Dykens
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-03-23
ISBN : 1119329744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developed as a one-stop reference source for drug safety and toxicology professionals, this book explains why mitochondrial failure is a crucial step in drug toxicity and how it can be avoided. • Covers both basic science and applied technology / methods • Allows readers to understand the basis of mitochondrial function, the preclinical assessments used, and what they reveal about drug effects • Contains both in vitro and in vivo methods for analysis, including practical screening approaches for drug discovery and development • Adds coverage about mitochondrial toxicity underlying organ injury, clinical reports on drug classes, and discussion of environmental toxicants affecting mitochondria

How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease

How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : U.S. Government Printing Office
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report considers the biological and behavioral mechanisms that may underlie the pathogenicity of tobacco smoke. Many Surgeon General's reports have considered research findings on mechanisms in assessing the biological plausibility of associations observed in epidemiologic studies. Mechanisms of disease are important because they may provide plausibility, which is one of the guideline criteria for assessing evidence on causation. This report specifically reviews the evidence on the potential mechanisms by which smoking causes diseases and considers whether a mechanism is likely to be operative in the production of human disease by tobacco smoke. This evidence is relevant to understanding how smoking causes disease, to identifying those who may be particularly susceptible, and to assessing the potential risks of tobacco products.

Biomarkers of Environmental Toxicants

Biomarkers of Environmental Toxicants Book
Author : Kun Lu,Robert J Turesky
Publisher : Mdpi AG
Release : 2020-10-02
ISBN : 9783039367368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomarkers of environmental toxicants are measures of exposures, some of which can serve to assess disease risk and inter-individual susceptibilities. Metabolites, protein and DNA adducts also serve to elucidate the mechanisms of the bioactivation and detoxication of reactive toxicant intermediates. Some environmental chemicals act as modulators of gene and protein activity, and induce the dysbiosis of the microbiome, which impacts the metabolome and overall health. In this Special Issue on "Biomarkers of Environmental Toxicants", review articles and original research studies are featured, covering the latest bioanalytical, biochemical and mass spectrometry-based technologies, to monitor exposures through targeted and non-targeted methods, and mechanistic studies that examine the biological effects of environmental toxicants in cells and humans. Diverse topics, such as exposome, microbiome, DNA/protein adducts and t-RNA modifications, as well as important environment toxicants, including heavy metals, benzene, phthalates, aldehydes, glycidol, tobacco smoke and aristolochic acids, are covered. Novel analytical methods, such as protein adductomics, DNA adduct analysis in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues, site-specific mutagenesis assay and accelerator mass spectrometry, are also included. This collection provides a valuable update of the most recent biochemical and analytical tools that employ biomarkers in toxicology research, biomarker discovery, and exposure and risk assessment in population-based studies.

Biomarkers of Environmental Contamination

Biomarkers of Environmental Contamination Book
Author : 0 McCarthy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-18
ISBN : 1351087169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How can biological markers help assess and predict human health risks? Find out the answers to this question and others in this timely new book examining the use of biological markers in animals and plants for evaluating the ecological and health effects of environmental contamination. The book explains the concept of environmental sentinels, presents example of field studies and discusses the utility of biomarkers within a risk analysis paradigm. Anyone who needs to know how to assess and predict environmental contamination should consider this book essential reading.

Animal Biomarkers as Pollution Indicators

Animal Biomarkers as Pollution Indicators Book
Author : David B. Peakall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401123462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecotoxicology is a relatively new scientific discipline. Indeed, it might be argued that it is only during the last 5-10 years that it has come to merit being regarded as a true science, rather than a collection of procedures for protecting the environment through management and monitoring of pollutant discharges into the environment. The term 'ecotoxicology' was first coined in the late sixties by Prof. Truhaut, a toxicologist who had the vision to recognize the importance of investigating the fate and effects of chemicals in ecosystems. At that time, ecotoxicology was considered a sub-discipline of medical toxicology. Subsequently, several attempts have been made to portray ecotoxicology in a more realistic light. Notably, both F. Moriarty (1988) and F. Ramade (1987) emphasized in their books the broad basis of ecotoxicology, encompassing chemical and radiation effects on all components of ecosystems. In doing so, they and others have shifted concern from direct chemical toxicity to man, to the far more subtle effects that pollutant chemicals exert on natural biota. Such effects potentially threaten the existence of all life on Earth. Although I have identified the sixties as the era when ecotoxicology was first conceived as a coherent subject area, it is important to acknowledge that studies that would now be regarded as ecotoxicological are much older. Wherever people's ingenuity has led them to change the face of nature significantly, it has not escaped them that a number of biological con sequences, often unfavourable, ensue.

Food Toxicology

Food Toxicology Book
Author : Ashish Sachan,Suzanne Hendrich
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-01
ISBN : 1351664301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume covers a selection of important research in the multifaceted field of food toxicology. With more than seven billion people in the world today and counting, advances in food toxicology have a direct bearing on food safety issues that are of concern to all humanity for the foreseeable future. Massive globalization, industrialization, and commercialization have affected every aspect of food production, the food supply chain, and food consumption. This informative volume offers the global perspectives of scientists in important areas related to biomarkers and nanosensors in food toxicology, toxicology of nanomaterials, chemicals in sanitation and packaging, additives, mycotoxins, endocrine disruptors, radionuclides, toxic metals, and waste-burning residues in food. The book also emphasizes regulatory toxicology and includes an interesting example case study. The challenge of sustainable and safe food for everyone needs a multidisciplinary and multi-sectorial approach from related industries and governments alike. Food chemical safety is an underappreciated aspect of consumer safety, and this volume seeks to help fill that gap by providing informative research for food scientists and researchers and many others.

Tobacco Smoke Exposure Biomarkers

Tobacco Smoke Exposure Biomarkers Book
Author : Qingyuan Hu,Hongwei Hou
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-04-01
ISBN : 1498705618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by experts in the analytical chemistry of tobacco smoke, Tobacco Smoke Exposure Biomarkers summarizes the toxicology, metabolic pathway, and biomarkers of nicotine, TSNAs, PAHs, VOCs, AAs, Catechol and Hydroquinone, HCN, CO and NOx, and heavy metals, and the use of this biomarker in exposure assessment and/or cigarette smoke exposure environmental epidemiology. A convenient one-stop guide, the book brings together information on some exposure biomarkers and nicotine addiction in humans with regulatory implications and strategies. The authors also include discussions of how smoke exposure biomarkers may be used to shape regulation and health policy. Ethics guidelines, details of method development, and the validated relative bioanalytical method provided in the appendixes rounds out the coverage. The book gives you tools to further research biomarkers for tobacco carcinogens and to face emerging health challenges such as delivery of nicotine via electronic cigarettes.

Intentional Learning at Its Best

Intentional Learning at Its Best Book
Author : Kris Bransford,Karen Moroz,Angie Nippert
Publisher : Nova Novinka
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781612091211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes bibliographical references (p. [125]-126) and index.