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Biomagnetic Monitoring Of Particulate Matter

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Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter

Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter Book
Author : Prabhat Rai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-02
ISBN : 0128052775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution originating from rapid industrialization, urbanization, population growth and economic development has disturbed the urban ecosystems of ecologically sensitive regions like the Indo-Burma hot spot, and they are under severe air pollution stress with limited resources to collect data on what is happening. Air pollutants comprised of both particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants may cause adverse health effects in human, affect plant life and impact the global environment by changing the atmosphere of the earth. It is now well established that urban PM may also contain magnetic particles along with other air pollutants. Biomonitoring of PM through magnetic properties, known as biomagnetic monitoring, measures the magnetic parameters of dust loaded plant leaves, giving a new opportunity to monitor. Compared to existing conventional technologies, biomagnetic monitoring is an eco-friendly technique perfect in urban areas. Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter reviews the issues with PM and the potential of these methods to on tropical vegetation on a variety of flora which represent the biodiversity of the Indo-Burma Hot Spot. Bio-magnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter gives a comprehensive overview of the issue of particulate pollution and monitoring Cases of magnetic biomonitoring across different environments are included to demonstrate this emerging technique as a way to measure particulate pollution Coverage includes a comparison to other techniques as well as why it works well ecological diverse developing areas which are data scarce, like the Indo-Burma Hot Spot A review of the detrimental health impacts of Particulate Matter reinforces the importance for this type of data to be available universally

Bioactivity of Engineered Nanoparticles

Bioactivity of Engineered Nanoparticles Book
Author : Bing Yan,Hongyu Zhou,Jorge L. Gardea-Torresdey
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-17
ISBN : 9811058644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together reviews from international experts who are exploring the biological activities of nanomaterials for medical applications or to better understand nanotoxicity. Topics include but are not limited to the following: 1) mechanistic understanding of nanostructure-bioactivity relationships; 2) the regulation of nanoparticles’ bioactivity by means of chemical modification; 3) the new methodologies and standard methods used to assess nanoparticles’ bioactivity; 4) the mechanisms involved in nanoparticle-biomolecule interactions and nanoparticle-cell interactions; and 5) biomedical applications of nanotechnology. The book will be a valuable resource for a broad readership in various subfields of chemical science, engineering, biology, environment, and medicine.

Phytoremediation of Emerging Contaminants in Wetlands

Phytoremediation of Emerging Contaminants in Wetlands Book
Author : Prabhat Kumar Rai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-03-15
ISBN : 1351067427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phytoremediation with wetland plants is an eco-friendly, aesthetically pleasing, cost-effective, solar-driven, passive technique that is useful for cleaning up environmental pollutants with low to moderate levels of contamination.

Biosensors for Environmental Monitoring

Biosensors for Environmental Monitoring Book
Author : Toonika Rinken,Kairi Kivirand
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-11-20
ISBN : 1789238234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Real-time and reliable detection of molecular compounds and bacteria is essential in modern environmental monitoring. For rapid analyses, biosensing devices combining high selectivity of biomolecular recognition and sensitivity of modern signal-detection technologies offer a promising platform. Biosensors allow rapid on-site detection of pollutants and provide potential for better understanding of the environmental processes, including the fate and transport of contaminants.This book, including 12 chapters from 37 authors, introduces different biosensor-based technologies applied for environmental analyses.

Sustainable Bioprocessing for a Clean and Green Environment

Sustainable Bioprocessing for a Clean and Green Environment Book
Author : M. Jerold,A. Santhiagu,Rajulapati Sathish Babu,Narasimhulu Korapatti
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-17
ISBN : 1000378020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Bioprocessing for a Clean and Green Environment: Concepts and Applications highlights the importance of waste to health in which waste is safely converted to value-added products via bioprocess technologies. Providing fundamental concepts and applications, this book also offers readers the methodology behind the operation of a variety of biological processes used in developing valuable products from waste. Features: Discusses synthesis and use of environmentally friendly biobased materials, such as biopolymer films and biobased plasticizers Highlights nanotechnology applications in the treatment of pollution and emphasizes the synthesis of biogenic nanomaterials for environmental remediation Describes the use of biosurfactants and emerging algal technologies, such as applications of microalgae in nutraceuticals and biofuel production Details delignification for lignocellulosic biomass This interdisciplinary book offers researchers and practitioners in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and related fields a broad perspective on fundamentals, technologies, and environmental applications of sustainable bioprocessing.

Microbial Bioremediation Biodegradation

Microbial Bioremediation   Biodegradation Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-30
ISBN : 9811518122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial or biological degradation has long been the subject of active concern, and the rapid expansion and growing sophistication of various industries in the last century has significantly increased the volume and complexity of toxic residues of wastes. These can be remediated by plants and microbes, either natural origin or adapted for a specific purpose, in a process known as bioremediation. The interest in microbial biodegradation of pollutants has intensified in recent years in an attempt to find sustainable ways to clean contaminated environments. These bioremediation and biotransformation methods take advantage of the tremendous microbial catabolic diversity to degrade, transform or accumulate a variety of compounds, such as hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polaromatic hydrocarbons pharmaceutical substances, radionuclides and metals. Unlike conventional methods, bioremediation does not physically disturb the site. This book describes the basic principles of biodegradation and shows how these principles are related to bioremediation. Authored by leading, international environmental microbiologists, it discusses topics such as aerobic biodegradation, microbial degradation of pollutants, and microbial community dynamics. It provides valuable insights into how biodegration processes work and can be utilised for pollution abatement, and as such appeals to researchers and postgraduate students as well as experts in the field of bioremediation.

Environmental Engineering IV

Environmental Engineering IV Book
Author : Artur Pawlowski,Marzenna R. Dudzinska,Lucjan Pawlowski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-05-21
ISBN : 1315887487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental engineering has a leading role in the elimination of ecological threats, and deals, in brief, with securing technically the conditions which create a safe environment for mankind to live in. Due to its interdisciplinary character it can deal with a wide range of technical and technological problems. Since environmental engineering use

Management of Indoor Air Quality

Management of Indoor Air Quality Book
Author : Marzenna R. Dudzinska
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-06-07
ISBN : 0203627628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to changes in lifestyle, people spend more time indoors. This refers not only to the time spent at home and at office premises, but also in shopping malls, recreation centers and transport vehicles. Concentrations of many pollutants are higher indoors than they are outdoors. Consequently, the indoor environment has a bigger impact on human heal

Alzheimer s Disease and Air Pollution

Alzheimer s Disease and Air Pollution Book
Author : L. Calderón-Garcidueñas
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2021-05-03
ISBN : 1643681591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most people think of Alzheimer’s disease as a condition which predominately affects elderly people, but an increasing amount of evidence indicates that in populations exposed to high concentration of air pollutants, Alzheimer’s disease development and progression can be identified in pediatric and young adulthood ages. Cognitive, olfactory, gait, equilibrium and auditory alterations are seen early, thus the concept of decades-long asymptomatic period prior to clinical cognitive impairment does not apply to the millions of people exposed day in and day out to polluted environments. This book Alzheimer's Disease and Air Pollution – The Development and Progression of a Fatal Disease from Childhood and the Opportunities for Early Prevention is a compilation of work by researchers intent on revealing the links between air pollution and neurodegeneration. The book is divided into 6 sections. It includes a section describing the ways in which air pollution from traffic and tobacco smoke can damage the brain; epidemiological studies establishing a strong link between dementia and particulate matter and ozone; papers explaining the properties of pollution; and works describing the intricate pathways which transform normal neurons into ghost tangles surrounded by a devastated brain. Air pollution is complex; different pollutants, different sizes and shapes and different portals of entry, play different roles, but their capacity to damage neural tissue is abundantly illustrated in this book, which highlights the need for preventive measures to protect the millions of people currently exposed to air pollutants, and the need to ameliorate their harmful effects.

Forest Water Interactions

Forest Water Interactions Book
Author : Delphis F. Levia,Darryl E. Carlyle-Moses,Shin'ichi Iida,Beate Michalzik,Kazuki Nanko,Alexander Tischer
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-05
ISBN : 3030260860
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The United Nations has declared 2018-2028 as the International Decade for Action on Water for Sustainable Development. This is a timely designation. In an increasingly thirsty world, the subject of forest-water interactions is of critical importance to the achievement of sustainability goals. The central underlying tenet of this book is that the hydrologic community can conduct better science and make a more meaningful impact to the world’s water crisis if scientists are: (1) better equipped to utilize new methods and harness big data from either or both high-frequency sensors and long-term research watersheds; and (2) aware of new developments in our process-based understanding of the hydrological cycle in both natural and urban settings. Accordingly, this forward-looking book delves into forest-water interactions from multiple methodological, statistical, and process-based perspectives (with some chapters featuring data sets and open-source R code), concluding with a chapter on future forest hydrology under global change. Thus, this book describes the opportunities of convergence in high-frequency sensing, big data, and open source software to catalyze more comprehensive understanding of forest-water interactions. The book will be of interest to researchers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates in an array of disciplines, including hydrology, forestry, ecology, botany, and environmental engineering.

The Urban Forest

The Urban Forest Book
Author : David Pearlmutter,Carlo Calfapietra,Roeland Samson,Liz O'Brien,Silvija Krajter Ostoić,Giovanni Sanesi,Rocío Alonso del Amo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-27
ISBN : 3319502808
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on urban "green infrastructure" – the interconnected web of vegetated spaces like street trees, parks and peri-urban forests that provide essential ecosystem services in cities. The green infrastructure approach embodies the idea that these services, such as storm-water runoff control, pollutant filtration and amenities for outdoor recreation, are just as vital for a modern city as those provided by any other type of infrastructure. Ensuring that these ecosystem services are indeed delivered in an equitable and sustainable way requires knowledge of the physical attributes of trees and urban green spaces, tools for coping with the complex social and cultural dynamics, and an understanding of how these factors can be integrated in better governance practices. By conveying the findings and recommendations of COST Action FP1204 GreenInUrbs, this volume summarizes the collaborative efforts of researchers and practitioners from across Europe to address these challenges.

Progress in Botany Vol 82

Progress in Botany Vol  82 Book
Author : Francisco M. Cánovas,Ulrich Lüttge,María-Carmen Risueño,Hans Pretzsch
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-02-01
ISBN : 3030686205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With one volume each year, this series keeps scientists and advanced students informed of the latest developments and results in all areas of the plant sciences. This latest volume includes reviews on plant physiology, biochemistry, genetics and genomics, forests, and ecosystems.

Promoting Walking and Cycling

Promoting Walking and Cycling Book
Author : Pooley, Colin G
Publisher : Policy Press
Release : 2013-08-21
ISBN : 1447310101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Promoting walking and cycling proposes solutions to one of the most pressing problems in contemporary British transport planning. The need to develop more sustainable urban mobility lies at the heart of energy and environmental policies and has major implications for the planning of cities and for the structure of economy and society. However, most people feel either unable or unwilling to incorporate travel on foot or by bike into their everyday journeys. This book uses innovative quantitative and qualitative research methods to examine in depth, and in an international and historical context, why so many people fail to travel in ways that are deemed by most to be desirable. It proposes evidence-based policy solutions that could increase levels of walking and cycling substantially. This book is essential reading for planners and policy makers developing and implementing transport policies at both national and local levels, plus researchers and students in the field of mobility, transport, sustainability and urban planning.

Magnetism in Medicine

Magnetism in Medicine Book
Author : Wilfried Andrä,Hannes Nowak
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-02-27
ISBN : 3527610189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second, completely updated and extended edition of the only reference work in this growing field of medical physics focuses on biomagnetic instrumentation as well as applications in cardiology and neurology. New chapters have been added on fetal magnetography and magnetic field therapy, as well as the safety aspects of magnetic fields. Written by well-known specialists from Germany, USA, Canada, Japan, the Netherlands and Scandinavia, the result is a manual for researchers in this field as well as for those who apply modern methods based on magnetism in medical practice. It equally provides a detailed overview for newcomers to the field as well as for experts familiar with only one part of the area.

Development of Bacteriophage Based Detection Technique for Food Safety and Environment Monitoring

Development of Bacteriophage Based Detection Technique for Food Safety and Environment Monitoring Book
Author : Ziyuan Wang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Foodborne or waterborne pathogens which are responsible for numerous worldwide outbreaks of disease have caused serious health problems and enormous economic cost. Development of new bacterial detection technologies with high sensitivity and specificity is of great importance for food safety and public health. This has highlighted the significance of developing rapid and effective techniques for pathogen screening. Thus we aim to explore a bacteriophage mediated detection system for foodborne or waterborne bacteria monitoring. Bacteriophage as a novel recognition probe has been applied in various biosensor by immobilizing phage particles on solid sensor surface. They possess high specificity for targeted microorganism and a rapid infection between phage and its host cell. Their characteristics including low cost, robustness, fast and easy production plus high tolerance under extreme conditions make phages superior for bacteria detection at resource-limited settings. We utilize biotin-streptavidin interaction system for an engineered phage immobilization on biosensor surface. The fusion of biotin acceptor peptide (BAP) gene and biotin ligase (BirA) gene to phage capsid protein gene enabled the display of BAP ligand and the expression of protein BirA during the replication cycle of phage infection. Then produced phage progenies could be biotinylated in vivo and immobilized on the streptavidin coated magnetic beads. Compared with wild type phage, the recombinant phage showed a significantly higher immobilization efficiency of 82.8% on the magnetic bead and the resulting bio-probe showed a capture efficiency of 86.2% of E.coli within 20 min. This phage based biomagnetic separation coupled PCR detection provided a detection limit of 102 CFU/mL bacteria without additional pre-enrichment. For the detection of pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7, we compared phage-based biosorbent and antibody-based one and found that the capture efficiency of our phage assay was about 20% higher than that of antibody based magnetic separation assay under extreme conditions. Then we developed a membrane filter based colorimetric detection assay to offer a convenient and rapid way for the identification of general E.coli from field water on-site. This phage mediated detection provided a convenient and quantitative detection of bacteria number as the colored signal present at the site corresponding to the located bacterial colony.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information and foreign nonnuclear information.

Proceedings

Proceedings Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism

Encyclopedia of Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism Book
Author : David Gubbins,Emilio Herrero-Bervera
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-07-19
ISBN : 1402044232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference encompasses the fields of Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism in a single volume. Both sciences have applications in navigation, in the search for minerals and hydrocarbons, in dating rock sequences, and in unraveling past geologic movements such as plate motions they have contributed to a better understanding of the Earth. The book describes in fine detail the current state of knowledge and provides an up-to-date synthesis of the most basic concepts. It is an indispensable working tool not only for geophysicists and geophysics students but also for geologists, physicists, atmospheric and environmental scientists, and engineers.