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Biologically Inspired Textiles

Biologically Inspired Textiles Book
Author : A Abbott,M Ellison
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-09-30
ISBN : 1845695089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomimetic materials are those inspired from nature and implemented into new fibre and fabric technologies. Biologically inspired textiles explores the current state of the art in this research arena and examines how biomimetics are increasingly applied to new textile technologies. Part one discusses the principles, production and properties of biomimetics. Chapters include recombinant DNA technologies and their application for protein production, spinning of fibres from protein solutions and structure/function relationships in spider silk. The second part of the book provides a review of the application of biomimetics to a range of textile applications, including the design of clothing and self cleaning textiles. Written by a distinguished team of international authors, Biologically inspired textiles is a valuable reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile manufacturers and others in academia. Discusses the principles, production and properties of biomimetics Reviews the application of biomimetics to a range of textile disciplines Chapters explore recombinant DNA technologies, spinning of fibres and structure/function relationships in spider silk

Biologically Inspired Design

Biologically Inspired Design Book
Author : Ashok K Goel,Daniel A McAdams,Robert B. Stone
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-16
ISBN : 1447152484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From simple cases such as hook and latch attachments found in Velcro to articulated-wing flying vehicles, biology often has been used to inspire many creative design ideas. The scientific challenge now is to transform the paradigm into a repeatable and scalable methodology. Biologically Inspired Design explores computational techniques and tools that can help integrate the method into design practice. With an inspiring foreword from Janine Benyus, Biologically Inspired Design contains a dozen chapters written by some of the leading scholars in the transdisciplinary field of bioinspired design, such as Frank Fish, Julian Vincent and Jeannette Yen from biology, and Amaresk Chakrabarti, Satyandra Gupta and Li Shu from engineering. Based in part on discussions at two workshops sponsored by the United States National Science Foundation, this volume introduces and develops several methods and tools for bioinspired design including: Information-processing theories, Natural language techniques, Knowledge-based tools, and Functional approaches and Pedagogical techniques. By exploring these fundamental theories, techniques and tools for supporting biologically inspired design, this volume provides a comprehensive resource for design practitioners wishing to explore the paradigm, an invaluable guide to design educators interested in teaching the method, and a preliminary reading for design researchers wanting to investigate bioinspired design.

Handbook of Natural Fibres

Handbook of Natural Fibres Book
Author : Ryszard M Kozłowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-09-21
ISBN : 085709551X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensable tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 2: Processing and applications focuses on key processing techniques for the improvement and broader application of natural fibres. Part one reviews processing techniques for natural fibres. Silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture are discussed, as well as techniques to improve the flame retardancy of natural fibres and chemical treatments to improve natural fibre properties. Ultraviolet-blocking properties, enzymatic treatment, and electrokinetic properties are also discussed. Part two goes on to investigate applications of natural fibres, including automotive applications, geotextiles, paper and packaging, and natural fibre composites (NFCs) for the construction and automotive industries. The use of flax and hemp, textiles made from jute and coir, antimicrobial natural fibres, and biomimetic textile materials are also considered, before a final discussion of enhancing consumer demand for natural textile fibres. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology. Focuses on key processing techniques for the improvement and broader application of natural fibres Reviews processing techniques for natural fibres, including silk production and the future of natural silk manufacture Discusses ultraviolet-blocking properties, enzymatic treatment, and alectrokinetic properties, among other topics

Bio Inspired Wettability Surfaces

Bio Inspired Wettability Surfaces Book
Author : Zheng Yongmei,Cheng Qunfeng,Hou Yongping,Yuan Chen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-06-16
ISBN : 9814463612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through natural evolvement in thousands of years, biosurfaces have become highly adaptable to display their biological functions perfectly. Interestingly, they have developed micro-/nanostructures with gradient features to achieve smart wetting controls, such as ultra-hydrophobic water repellency in lotus leaf, directional water collection in wetted spider silk, directional adhesion in superhydrophobic butterfly wing, and fog-collecting hydrophobic/hydrophilic pattern on beetle back. These surfaces provide endless inspiration for the design and fabrication of functional interface materials with unique wettability, generating promising applications such as micro-fluidic devices, functional textiles, corrosion resistance, liquid transportation, antifogging, and water-collecting devices. In recent years there has been an exciting confluence of research areas of physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science to develop functional micro- and nanosurfaces. A kernel consists of organic materials with high/low surface energy and regular/irregular order/disorder, which can be rough/smooth and endlessly arranged and combined with various styles of micro- and nanostructures. This book introduces recent research on wettability of biological and bio-inspired surfaces. It discusses the mechanism of smart wetting controls, such as water collection/repellency on biological micro-/nanostructure gradient interfaces. It suggests ways to mimic these biological features to realize bio-inspired functional surfaces with unique wettability. The book will help researchers innovate designs with novel materials for future scientific works.

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry Book
Author : Akhlesh Lakhtakia,Raúl José Martín-Palma
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-05-24
ISBN : 0123914329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineered Biomimicry covers a broad range of research topics in the emerging discipline of biomimicry. Biologically inspired science and technology, using the principles of math and physics, has led to the development of products as ubiquitous as VelcroTM (modeled after the spiny hooks on plant seeds and fruits). Readers will learn to take ideas and concepts like this from nature, implement them in research, and understand and explain diverse phenomena and their related functions. From bioinspired computing and medical products to biomimetic applications like artificial muscles, MEMS, textiles and vision sensors, Engineered Biomimicry explores a wide range of technologies informed by living natural systems. Engineered Biomimicry helps physicists, engineers and material scientists seek solutions in nature to the most pressing technical problems of our times, while providing a solid understanding of the important role of biophysics. Some physical applications include adhesion superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning, structural coloration, photonic devices, biomaterials and composite materials, sensor systems, robotics and locomotion, and ultra-lightweight structures. Explores biomimicry, a fast-growing, cross-disciplinary field in which researchers study biological activities in nature to make critical advancements in science and engineering Introduces bioinspiration, biomimetics, and bioreplication, and provides biological background and practical applications for each Cutting-edge topics include bio-inspired robotics, microflyers, surface modification and more

Bio Inspired Silicon Based Materials

Bio Inspired Silicon Based Materials Book
Author : Paul M. Zelisko
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-14
ISBN : 9401794391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contributed volume addresses a wide range of topics including, but not limited to, biotechnology, synthetic chemistry, polymer chemistry and materials chemistry. The book will serve as a specialized review of the field of biologically inspired silicon-based structures. Researchers studying biologically inspired silicon materials chemistry will find this volume invaluable.

Wool and Textiles Sustainable Development

Wool and Textiles Sustainable Development Book
Author : Jian Zhong Shao,Ji Ping Wang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2015-11-03
ISBN : 3035700451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 13th International Wool Research Conference (IWRC-13) and AATCC Sustainability Symposium (AATCC-SS), June 10-14, 2015, Hangzhou, China

Bio Inspired Innovation and National Security

Bio Inspired Innovation and National Security Book
Author : National Defense University
Publisher : NDU Press
Release : 2010-10-01
ISBN : 1780390408
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the vital importance of the emerging area of biotechnology and its role in defense planning and policymaking, no definitive book has been written on the topic for the defense policymaker, the military student, and the private-sector bioscientist interested in the "emerging opportunities market" of national security. This edited volume is intended to help close this gap and provide the necessary backdrop for thinking strategically about biology in defense planning and policymaking. This volume is about applications of the biological sciences, here called "biologically inspired innovations," to the military. Rather than treating biology as a series of threats to be dealt with, such innovations generally approach the biological sciences as a set of opportunities for the military to gain strategic advantage over adversaries. These opportunities rangefrom looking at everything from genes to brains, from enhancing human performance to creating renewable energy, from sensing the environment around us to harnessing its power.

Functional Textiles for Improved Performance Protection and Health

Functional Textiles for Improved Performance  Protection and Health Book
Author : N Pan,G. Sun
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-06-21
ISBN : 0857092871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The textile industry is increasingly based on ongoing innovation and development of higher performance products, and the field of functional textiles is no exception. This book explores the development of textiles with a wide range of functions, with the aim of improving the performance of the product in terms of the protection and health benefits that it can offer. The book is split into two parts. Part one focuses on functional textiles for improved performance and protection, with chapters reviewing antistatic, flame retardant and infrared functional textiles, among many others. Chapters in part two examine the uses of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles and insect-repellent materials. With its distinguished editors and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, Functional textiles for improved performance, protection and health is invaluable for textile scientists, technologists and engineers as well as those designing and manufacturing textiles. It is also a suitable reference for the academic sector. Examines the use of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles and insect-repellent materials Topics range from textile chemicals and their interaction with skin to novel pesticide protective clothing Considers anti-ultraviolet protection of clothing and flame retardant textiles

Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering

Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering Book
Author : Guang Yang,Lin Xiao,Lallepak Lamboni
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-08-21
ISBN : 111939032X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An authoritative introduction to the science and engineering of bioinspired materials Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering offers a comprehensive view of the science and engineering of bioinspired materials and includes a discussion of biofabrication approaches and applications of bioinspired materials as they are fed back to nature in the guise of biomaterials. The authors also review some biological compounds and shows how they can be useful in the engineering of bioinspired materials. With contributions from noted experts in the field, this comprehensive resource considers biofabrication, biomacromolecules, and biomaterials. The authors illustrate the bioinspiration process from materials design and conception to application of bioinspired materials. In addition, the text presents the multidisciplinary aspect of the concept, and contains a typical example of how knowledge is acquired from nature, and how in turn this information contributes to biological sciences, with an accent on biomedical applications. This important resource: Offers an introduction to the science and engineering principles for the development of bioinspired materials Includes a summary of recent developments on biotemplated formation of inorganic materials using natural templates Illustrates the fabrication of 3D-tumor invasion models and their potential application in drug assessments Explores electroactive hydrogels based on natural polymers Contains information on turning mechanical properties of protein hydrogels for biomedical applications Written for chemists, biologists, physicists, and engineers, Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering contains an indispensible resource for an understanding of bioinspired materials science and engineering.

Multi Functional Materials and Structures II

Multi Functional Materials and Structures II Book
Author : Yan Sheng Yin,Xin Wang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2009-08-31
ISBN : 3038132977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the rapid development of science and technology, the functionalization of structural materials, and the structurization of functional materials are attracting increasing attention in the scientific and engineering fields. The development of multi-functional materials and structures (MFMS), at the micro- and nano-scale levels, has grown rapidly due to the requirement of increasing safety margins for all infrastructure, biomedical and engineering elements. Multi-functional material systems are capable of performing multiple “primary” functions, simultaneously or sequentially in time, and are specially designed to improve system performance via a reduction in the redundancy between sub-system materials and functions.

Biological Adhesive Systems

Biological Adhesive Systems Book
Author : Janek Byern,Ingo Grunwald
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-27
ISBN : 9783709102862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

J. Herbert Waite Like many graduate students before and after me I was There are so many species about which nothing is known, mesmerized by a proposition expressed years earlier by and the curse of not knowing is apathy. Krogh (1929) – namely that “for many problems there is Bioadhesion is the adaptation featured in this book, an animal on which it can be most conveniently studied”. and biology has many adhesive practitioners. Indeed, This opinion became known as the August Krogh Prin- every living organism is adhesively assembled in the ciple and remains much discussed to this day, particu- most exquisite way. Clearly, speci? c adhesion needs to larly among comparative physiologists (Krebs, 1975). be distinguished from the opportunistic variety. I think The words “problems” and “animal” are key because of speci? c adhesion as the adhesion between cells in the they highlight the two fundamental and complementary same tissue, whereas opportunistic adhesion might be the foci of biological research: (1) expertise about an animal adhesion between pathogenic microbes and the urinary (zoo-centric), which is mostly observational and (2) a tract, or between a slug and the garden path. If oppor- mechanistic analysis of some problem in the animal’s life nistic bioadhesion is our theme, then there are still many history or physiology (problem-centric), which is usually practitioners but the subset is somewhat more select than a hypothesis-driven investigation. before.

Bio inspired Innovation and National Security

Bio inspired Innovation and National Security Book
Author : National Defense University. Center for Technology and National Security Policy
Publisher : Defense Department
Release : 2010
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the Introduction: This volume is designed as an overview of the many applications of biology to the military and national security writ large (with the exception of bioweapons and biomedicine). Policy issues are covered, and original research is presented. The diversity of the authors' backgrounds reflects the breadth of applications and opportunities of biology to modern problems. The read should walk away enlightened as to the many possible ways in which biology is influencing and will continue to influence national security. Authors were asked to provede foresight on trends and indicators in their areas of interest (but not forecasts, which would describe a single future state) in order to better understand their implications for the next 20 years or so.

Bio inspired Asymmetric Design and Building of Biomimetic Smart Single Nanochannels

Bio inspired Asymmetric Design and Building of Biomimetic Smart Single Nanochannels Book
Author : Xu Hou
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-05-28
ISBN : 3642380506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this thesis, the author introduces various bio-inspired smart nanochannel systems. A strategy for design and preparation of novel artificial responsive symmetric/asymmetric single nanochannel systems under various symmetric/asymmetric stimuli is presented for the first time. The author’s research work utilizes ion track etching polymer nanochannels with different shapes as examples to demonstrate the feasibility of the design strategy for building novel artificial functional nanochannels using various symmetric/asymmetric physicochemical modifications. The development of these nanochannels and their potential applications is a burgeoning new area of research, and a number of exciting breakthroughs may be anticipated in the near future from the concepts and results reported in this thesis. Research into artificial functional nanochannels continues to drive new developments of various real-world applications, such as biosensors, energy conversion systems and nanofluidic devices. The work in this thesis has led to more than 15 publications in high-profile journals.

Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass

Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass Book
Author : James H. Clark,Fabien Deswarte
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-12-22
ISBN : 1118714458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass, Second Edition presents an overview of the use of biorenewable resources in the 21st century for the manufacture of chemical products, materials and energy. The book demonstrates that biomass is essentially a rich mixture of chemicals and materials and, as such, has a tremendous potential as feedstock for making a wide range of chemicals and materials with applications in industries from pharmaceuticals to furniture. Completely revised and updated to reflect recent developments, this new edition begins with an introduction to the biorefinery concept, followed by chapters addressing the various types of available biomass feedstocks, including waste, and the different pre-treatment and processing technologies being developed to turn these feedstocks into platform chemicals, polymers, materials and energy. The book concludes with a discussion on the policies and strategies being put in place for delivering the so-called Bioeconomy. Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass is a valuable resource for academics, industrial scientists and policy-makers working in the areas of industrial biotechnology, biorenewables, chemical engineering, fine and bulk chemical production, agriculture technologies, plant science, and energy and power generation. We need to reduce our dependence on fossil resources and increasingly derive all the chemicals we take for granted and use in our daily life from biomass – and we must make sure that we do this using green chemistry and sustainable technologies! For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs Topics covered include: • The biorefinery concept • Biomass feedstocks • Pre-treatment technologies • Platform molecules from renewable resources • Polymers from bio-based monomers • Biomaterials • Bio-based energy production Praise for the 1st edition: “Drawing on the expertise of the authors the book involves a degree of plant biology and chemical engineering, which illustrates the multidisciplinary nature of the topic beautifully” - Chemistry World

Smart Textiles for Medicine and Healthcare

Smart Textiles for Medicine and Healthcare Book
Author : Textile Institute (Manchester, England)
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-03-09
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text combines medical & smart textiles by looking at how smart or intelligent textiles are being used in healthcare. It assesses trends in smart medical textiles & their diverse uses in areas such as woundcare & drug release systems. It also reviews their role in monitoring the health of particular groups such as the elderly.

Textile Asia

Textile Asia Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2006
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bio mechanisms of Swimming and Flying

Bio mechanisms of Swimming and Flying Book
Author : N. Kato,J. Ayers,H. Morikawa
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-07-29
ISBN : 9784431222118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tens of thousands of different animal species live on this planet, having survived for millions of years through adaptation and evolution, which has given them a vast variety of structures and functions. Biomechanical studies of animals swimming and flying can aid understanding of the mechanisms that enable them to move effectively and efficiently in fluids . Based on such understandings and analyses, we can aim to develop environmentally friendly machines that emulate these natu ral movements. The Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 agreed major treaties on biological diversity, addressing the comb ined issues of environmental protection and fair and equitable economic development. With regard to coastal environments, increasing biological diversity has begun to play an important role in reestablishing stable and sustainable ecosystems. This approach has begun to influence research into the behavior of aquatic species, as an understanding of the history of an individual aquatic species is indispensable in constructing an environmental assessment mod el that includes the physical, chemical, and biological effects of that species . From an engineering viewpoint, studying nature's biological diversity is an opportunity to reconsider mechanical systems that were systematically constructed in the wake of the Industrial Revolution. We have been accumulating knowledge of the sys tems inherent in biological creatures and using that knowledge to create new, envi ronmentally friendly technologies.