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Biological Experiments In Space

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Biological and Medical Experiments on the Space Shuttle 1981 1985

Biological and Medical Experiments on the Space Shuttle  1981   1985 Book
Author : Thora W. Halstead
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biological and Medical Experiments on the Space Shuttle 1981 1985 book written by Thora W. Halstead, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biological and Medical Research in Space

Biological and Medical Research in Space Book
Author : David Moore,Peter Bie,Heinz Oser
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642610994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life Science studies in space were initially driven by the need to explore how man could survive spaceflight conditions; the effects of being launched un der high accelerations, exposed to weightlessness and radiation for different periods of time, and returned to Earth in safety. In order to substantiate the detailed knowledge of potentially adverse effects, many model experiments were launched using organisms which ranged from bacteria, plants, inverte brates, rodents and primates through to man. Although no immediate life threatening effects were found, these experiments can be considered today as the precursors to life science research in space. Many unexplained effects on these life forms were attributed to the condition of weightlessness. Most of them were poorly recorded, poorly published, or left simply with anecdotal information. Only with the advent of Skylab, and later Spacelab, did the idea emerge, and indeed the infrastructure permit, weightlessness to be considered as an ex tended tool for research into some fundamental mechanisms or processes as sociated with the effect of gravity on organisms at all levels. The initial hy pothesis to extrapolate from hypergravity through 1 x g to near 0 x g effects could no longer be retained, since many of the experiment results were seen to contradict the models or theories in the current textbooks of biology and physiology. The past decade has been dedicated primarily to exploratory research.

Biology in Space and Life on Earth

Biology in Space and Life on Earth Book
Author : Enno Brinckmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-01-08
ISBN : 9783527616992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This concise yet comprehensive treatment of the effects of spaceflight on biological systems includes issues at the forefront of life sciences research, such as gravitational biology, immune system response, bone cell formation and the effects of radiation on biosystems. Edited by a leading specialist at the European Space Agency (ESA) with contributions by internationally renowned experts, the chapters are based on the latest space laboratory experiments, including those on SPACELAB, ISS, parabolic flights and unmanned research satellites. An indispensable source for biologists, medical researchers and astronautics experts alike. The results of Space flight experiments, ground controls and flight simulations pave the way for a better understanding of gravity reactions in various organisms down to molecular mechanisms. This publication marks also the beginning of a new Space flight era with the construction and exploitation of the International Space Station (ISS) which provides a platform for an in-depth continuation of experiments under weightlessness in Low Earth Orbit and beyond.

Biological Experiments in Space

Biological Experiments in Space Book
Author : Veronica De Micco,Giovanna Aronne
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9788854821507
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biological Experiments in Space book written by Veronica De Micco,Giovanna Aronne, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biological Experiments in Space

Biological Experiments in Space Book
Author : Galina Nechitailo,Alexey Kondyurin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-10
ISBN : 0128205016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Experiments in Space: 30 Years Investigating Life in Space Orbit covers investigations of plant, algae, animals, fish, microorganisms and tissue cultures on space flights, beginning with the first orbital space station on Salyut 1. The book includes results on the influence of the entire complex of physical factors associated with spaceflight on biological systems, including analysis of the impact of microgravity on organisms, as well as the effects of electric and magnetic fields. This book offers important insights for researchers of space biology and astrobiology, as well as space agency and industry specialists developing future space stations and missions. Lack of gravity, temperature and chemical gradients, magnetic and electrical fields, spectral composition and intensity of light, and high-energy cosmic radiation influence many important metabolic and physiological processes in animals, plants, and microorganisms, as well as transfer phenomena in and around them. Success of future space exploration depends on understanding the effects of these factors on biological organisms and developing appropriate countermeasures, aimed at improving growth, development, and reproduction in microgravity. Includes results on the influence of the entire complex of physical factors associated with spaceflight on a range of biological systems Analyzes the impacts of microgravity, as well as electric and magnetic fields, on organisms Covers pioneering investigations of plants, algae, animals, fish, microorganisms and tissue culture in space flights

Russian BIOSPEX

Russian BIOSPEX Book
Author : Michele D. Buderer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Soviet Union has made a commitment to a comprehensive space life sciences program. The investigations during flight on humans, animals, plants and micro-organisms have resulted in a wealth of information regarding the effects of spaceflight factors. Access to translations of this information is available through NASA and various other government agencies. Life sciences experiments have been selected for flight on the upcoming Spacelab missions. An awareness of results reported for similar investigations flown on Soviet spacecraft will be helpful in broadening the understanding of the effects of spaceflight on living organisms. Russian BIOSPEX provides a reference source for acquisition of these spaceflight results.

Space Station Biological Research Project Reference Experiment Book

Space Station Biological Research Project  Reference Experiment Book Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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BIOSPEX Biological Space Experiments

BIOSPEX  Biological Space Experiments Book
Author : Michele Anderson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download BIOSPEX Biological Space Experiments book written by Michele Anderson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

U S and Russian Cooperation in Space Biology and Medicine

U S  and Russian Cooperation in Space Biology and Medicine Book
Author : Arnauld E. Nicogossian
Publisher : Amer Inst of Aeronautics &
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9781563479960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This fifth and final volume of the joint U.S.Russian series "Space Biology and Medicine "is a comprehensive summary of U.S. and Russian cooperation in the fields of space biology and medicine. It summarizes the experience and insights drawn from many years of Russian and American cooperation in the peaceful study and use of outer space. The first four volumes of this series focused on issues that demonstrate the current state of knowledge about space and the development of rocket and space technologies; about human life support beyond the Earth's biosphere; about the functional and structural changes caused by the effects of space flight on human beings and other biological subjects; and about the strategies and specific ways to provide medical support during space flight. The fifth volume integrates data from previous research and observations together with scientific materials obtained in recent years on the most important topics in space biology and medicine. It is a fascinating survey of the science, and an encouraging illustration of the benefits of international collaboration.

Life and Space

Life and Space Book
Author : V. Borisov,O. Gorlov
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1964
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soviet biological experiments carried out with great thoroughness, embraced different sides of the problem of guaranteeing safety of a man's flight in space. In essence they provided a 'visa' for the first flight. This book relates, in popular form, the problems and achievements of space biology and medicine. Its authors are Soviet physician-physiologists. Therefore, it is natural that in the book much scientific information is given, from the physiological point of view, concerning questions of preparing future cosmonauts for flights.

BIOSPEX Biological Space Experiments

BIOSPEX   Biological Space Experiments Book
Author : Michele Anderson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

United States Space Life Science experiments, encompassing 27 years of experience beginning with sounding rocket flights carrying primates (1948) to the last U.S. spaceflight, the joint U.S./U.S.S.R. Apollo Soyuz Test Project (1975), are presented in brief form. The information for each experiment includes Principal Investigators, the program and mission on which it was flown, the specimens used, the objectives, protocol, equipment, results, conclusions, and bibliographic reference citations for publications derived from each experiment. It includes an investigator address list and an index of terms. The document is divided into chapters for human, animal, plant, and microorganism specimen types.

Apollo Soyuz experiments in Space

Apollo Soyuz  experiments in Space  Book
Author : Lou Williams Page,Thornton Page
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Apollo Soyuz experiments in Space book written by Lou Williams Page,Thornton Page, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Russian Biospex

Russian Biospex Book
Author : Michele D. Anderson,Robert A. Dittman,William H. Bush
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Russian Biospex book written by Michele D. Anderson,Robert A. Dittman,William H. Bush, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Laboratory Science with Space Data

Laboratory Science with Space Data Book
Author : Daniel Beysens,Luigi Carotenuto,Jack J.W.A. van Loon,Martin Zell
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-01
ISBN : 9783642211447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For decades experiments conducted on space stations like MIR and the ISS have been gathering data in many fields of research in the natural sciences, medicine and engineering. The EU-sponsored Ulisse Internet Portal provides metadata from space experiments of all kinds and links to the data. Complementary to the portal, this book will serve as handbook listing space experiments by type of infrastructure, area of research in the life and physical sciences, data type, what their mission was, what kind of data they have collected and how one can access this data through Ulisse for further research. The book will provide an overview of the wealth of space experiment data that can be used for research, and will inspire academics (e.g. those looking for topics for their PhD thesis) and research departments in companies for their continued development.

A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century

A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on Space Biology and Medicine
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1998-10-16
ISBN : 0309060478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Construction of the international space station, scheduled to start in late 1998, ushers in a new era for laboratory sciences in space. This is especially true for space life sciences, which include not only the use of low gravity as an experimental parameter to study fundamental biological processes but also the study of the serious physiological changes that occur in astronauts as they remain in space for increasingly longer missions. This book addresses both of these aspects and provides a comprehensive review of ground-based and space research in eleven disciplines, ranging from bone physiology to plant biology. It also offers detailed, prioritized recommendations for research during the next decade, which are expected to have a considerable impact on the direction of NASA's research program. The volume is also a valuable reference tool for space and life scientists.

Biospex Biological Space Experiments

Biospex  Biological Space Experiments Book
Author : Michele Anderson
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Release : 2015-06-25
ISBN : 9781330371831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Excerpt from Biospex, Biological Space Experiments: A Compendium of Life Sciences Experiments Carried on U. S. Spacecraft The United States space effort has had a long, though not always well known, history of Life Science experimentation. Long before the birth of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration biological payloads were being launched. The first documented flight carrying a living payload was a V-2 rocket in 1948. The captured rocket carried a primate, Albert, in a specially designed nosecone. The Navy was responsible for this flight, and as time progressed, the Army became involved. The Army used a ballistic rocket as the means of carrying the experiments. After several unsuccessful and semi-successful flights, the historic Abel and Baker flight was accomplished. The two primates carried on the flight were returned alive and well. From this point on, more and more Life Science experiments were returned alive. With the beginning of NASA, the military surrendered sole rights to flight studies. The agency started its Life Sciences program with chimpanzee flights in preparation for Project Mercury. From the space experience with Ham and Enos, the chimps, it was deemed that the space environment was safe for man, and Alan Shepard and John Glenn were launched into the relative unknown. The early Mercury flights marked the beginning of inflight biomedical experimentation on humans. During all of the manned spaceflight programs, a large number of experiments have been conducted on the flight crews. There have been numerous biological studies in the space environment ranging from high energy particle effects on cellular organisms to fully instrumenting and flying a monkey. Satellites have been solely devoted to biological investigations, such as the Biosatellite series and the joint U.S.- U.S.S.R. KOSMOS 782 mission. The following document is a compendium of Life Science investigations that have taken place on U.S. spacecraft. Previously, there had been no complete compilation of the experiments, making it difficult to determine what has been attempted and accomplished in space Life Sciences. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

International Space Station Science Research Accomplishments During the Assembly Years

International Space Station Science Research Accomplishments During the Assembly Years Book
Author : National Aeronautics and Space Administration,Cynthia A. Evans,Julie A. Robinson,Tracy Thumm,Judy Tate-brown
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2012-11-16
ISBN : 9781481023924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report summarizes research accomplishments on the International Space Station (ISS) through the first 15 Expeditions. When research programs for early Expeditions were established, five administrative organizations were executing research on ISS: bioastronautics research, fundamental space biology, physical science, space product development, and space flight. The Vision for Space Exploration led to changes in NASA's administrative structures, so we have grouped experiments topically by scientific themes—human research for exploration, physical and biological sciences, technology development, observing the Earth, and educating and inspiring the next generation—even when these do not correspond to the administrative structure at the time at which they were completed. The research organizations at the time at which the experiments flew are preserved in the appendix of this document. These investigations on the ISS have laid the groundwork for research planning for Expeditions to come. Humans performing scientific investigations on ISS serve as a model for the goals of future Exploration missions. The success of a wide variety of investigations is an important hallmark of early research on ISS. Of the investigations summarized here, some are completed with results released, some are completed with preliminary results, and some remain ongoing. The International Space Station (ISS) celebrated 10 years of operations in November 2008. Today, it is more than a human outpost in low Earth orbit (LEO). It is also an international science laboratory hosting state-of-the-art scientific facilities that support fundamental and applied research across the range of physical and biological sciences. The launch of the first ISS element in 1998, the Russian Zarya module, was a highly visible milestone for international cooperation in human exploration. Later, when the first international crew that included Bill Shepard, Sergei Krikalev, and Yuri Gidzenko, moved into the ISS to establish a continuous human presence in space, a new, global chapter in the history of human space flight was opened. As of this writing, 18 multinational crews comprising 52 astronauts and cosmonauts have called the ISS their home and workplace since November 2000. Dozens more have visited and assisted construction and science activities. While the ISS did not support permanent human crews during the first 2 years of operations (November 1998 to November 2000), it hosted a few early science experiments months before the first international crew took up residence. Since that time—and simultaneous with the complicated task of ISS construction and overcoming impacts from the tragic Columbia accident—science returns from the ISS have been growing at a steady pace. From Expedition 0 through 15, 138 experiments have been operated on the ISS, supporting research for hundreds of ground-based investigators from the U.S. and International Partners. Many experiments are carried forward over several ISS increments, allowing for additional experimental runs and data collection. This report focuses on the experimental results collected to date, including scientific publications from studies that are based on operational data. NASA's priorities for research aboard the ISS center on understanding human health during long-duration missions, researching effective countermeasures for long-duration crewmembers, and researching and testing new technologies that can be used for future Exploration crews and spacecraft. Most research also supports new understandings, methods, or applications that are relevant to life on Earth, such as understanding effective protocols to protect against loss of bone density or better methods for producing stronger metal alloys. Experiment results have already been used in applications as diverse as the manufacture of solar cell and insulation materials for new spacecraft and the verification of complex numerical models for behavior of fluids in fuel tanks.

Space Life Sciences Research

Space Life Sciences Research Book
Author : National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2018-07-11
ISBN : 9781722786922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report focuses on the scientific importance of long-term space experiments for the advancement of biological science and the benefit of humankind. It includes a collection of papers that explore the scientific potential provided by the capability to manipulate organisms by removing a force that has been instrumental in the evolution and development of all organisms. Further, it provides the scientific justification for why the long-term space exposure that can be provided by a space station is essential to conduct significant research. Unspecified Center ...

Fundamentals of Space Medicine

Fundamentals of Space Medicine Book
Author : Gilles Clément
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-15
ISBN : 9781441999054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Investigations in space have led to fundamental discoveries of the human body to the space environment. Gilles Clément has conducted extensive research in this field. This readable text presents the findings from the life science experiments conducted during and after space missions. About 1200 human space flights have been completed to date, including more than 500 astronauts from various countries, for a combined total presence in space of about 90 years. The first edition of this title was published in 2005 (written in 2003 – 2004), and new data is now available from crewmembers participating in long-duration flights on board the International Space Station (ISS). The number of astronauts who have spent six months in orbit has doubled since 2004. On board the ISS, the astronauts use newly developed pharmaceutical countermeasure for bone loss (such as biophosphonates) and state-of-the-art exercise resistive devices against muscle atrophy and cardiovascular deterioration. The ISS life support systems now use advanced closed-loop systems for meeting the needs of a 6-person crew, including recycling urine to water. Some of these new technologies have potential spin-offs for medical (i.e., sedentary life style, obesity) and environmental issues here on Earth. And finally, there are new space research opportunities with the Orion space vehicle that will soon replace the Space Shuttle, the Moon, and Mars space exploration program that is slowly but surely taking shape, and the space tourism sector that has become a reality. The focus on this edition is the ISS, Orion and planetary exploration, and space tourism. This edition also includes more than 20% new material, along with photographs, data, and video clips for Springer Extras!

Final Status Report

Final Status Report Book
Author : Jorge Perez-Cruet,United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968*
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Final Status Report book written by Jorge Perez-Cruet,United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.