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Biological Experiments In Space

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Biological Experiments in Space

Biological Experiments in Space Book
Author : Galina Nechitailo,Alexey Kondyurin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-10
ISBN : 0128205016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Experiments in Space: 30 Years Investigating Life in Space Orbit covers investigations of plant, algae, animals, fish, microorganisms and tissue cultures on space flights, beginning with the first orbital space station on Salyut 1. The book includes results on the influence of the entire complex of physical factors associated with spaceflight on biological systems, including analysis of the impact of microgravity on organisms, as well as the effects of electric and magnetic fields. This book offers important insights for researchers of space biology and astrobiology, as well as space agency and industry specialists developing future space stations and missions. Lack of gravity, temperature and chemical gradients, magnetic and electrical fields, spectral composition and intensity of light, and high-energy cosmic radiation influence many important metabolic and physiological processes in animals, plants, and microorganisms, as well as transfer phenomena in and around them. Success of future space exploration depends on understanding the effects of these factors on biological organisms and developing appropriate countermeasures, aimed at improving growth, development, and reproduction in microgravity. Includes results on the influence of the entire complex of physical factors associated with spaceflight on a range of biological systems Analyzes the impacts of microgravity, as well as electric and magnetic fields, on organisms Covers pioneering investigations of plants, algae, animals, fish, microorganisms and tissue culture in space flights

Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration

Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee for the Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-01-30
ISBN : 0309163846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

More than four decades have passed since a human first set foot on the Moon. Great strides have been made in our understanding of what is required to support an enduring human presence in space, as evidenced by progressively more advanced orbiting human outposts, culminating in the current International Space Station (ISS). However, of the more than 500 humans who have so far ventured into space, most have gone only as far as near-Earth orbit, and none have traveled beyond the orbit of the Moon. Achieving humans' further progress into the solar system had proved far more difficult than imagined in the heady days of the Apollo missions, but the potential rewards remain substantial. During its more than 50-year history, NASA's success in human space exploration has depended on the agency's ability to effectively address a wide range of biomedical, engineering, physical science, and related obstacles--an achievement made possible by NASA's strong and productive commitments to life and physical sciences research for human space exploration, and by its use of human space exploration infrastructures for scientific discovery. The Committee for the Decadal Survey of Biological and Physical Sciences acknowledges the many achievements of NASA, which are all the more remarkable given budgetary challenges and changing directions within the agency. In the past decade, however, a consequence of those challenges has been a life and physical sciences research program that was dramatically reduced in both scale and scope, with the result that the agency is poorly positioned to take full advantage of the scientific opportunities offered by the now fully equipped and staffed ISS laboratory, or to effectively pursue the scientific research needed to support the development of advanced human exploration capabilities. Although its review has left it deeply concerned about the current state of NASA's life and physical sciences research, the Committee for the Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space is nevertheless convinced that a focused science and engineering program can achieve successes that will bring the space community, the U.S. public, and policymakers to an understanding that we are ready for the next significant phase of human space exploration. The goal of this report is to lay out steps and develop a forward-looking portfolio of research that will provide the basis for recapturing the excitement and value of human spaceflight--thereby enabling the U.S. space program to deliver on new exploration initiatives that serve the nation, excite the public, and place the United States again at the forefront of space exploration for the global good.

NASA Strategic Plan

NASA Strategic Plan Book
Author : United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NASA Strategic Plan book written by United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biotechnology in Space

Biotechnology in Space Book
Author : Günter Ruyters,Christian Betzel,Daniela Grimm
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-21
ISBN : 3319640542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the early successes, drawbacks and accomplishments in cell biology and cell biotechnology achieved by the latest projects performed on the International Space Station ISS. It also depicts outcomes of experiments in tissue engineering, cancer research and drug design and reveals the chances that research in Space offers for medical application on Earth. This SpringerBriefs volume provides an overview on the latest international activities in Space and gives an outlook on the potential of biotechnological research in Space in future. This volume is written for students and researchers in Biomedicine, Biotechnology and Pharmacology and may specifically be of interest to scientists with focus on protein sciences, crystallization, tissue engineering, drug design and cancer research.

Russian Biospex

Russian Biospex Book
Author : Michele D. Anderson,Robert A. Dittman,William H. Bush
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Russian Biospex book written by Michele D. Anderson,Robert A. Dittman,William H. Bush, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation Book
Author : Charles E. Swenberg,Gerda Horneck,E.G. Stassinopoulous
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461529182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Space missions subject human beings or any other target of a spacecraft to a radiation environment of an intensity and composition not available on earth. Whereas for missions in low earth orbit (LEO), such as those using the Space Shuttle or Space Station scenario, radiation exposure guidelines have been developed and have been adopted by spacefaring agencies, for exploratory class missions that will take the space travellers outside the protective confines of the geomagnetic field sufficient guidelines for radiation protection are still outstanding. For a piloted Mars mission, the whole concept of radiation protection needs to be reconsidered. Since there is an increasing interest ci many nations and space agencies in establishing a lunar base and lor exploring Mars by manned missions, it is both, timely and important to develop appropriate risk estimates and radiation protection guidelines which will have an influence on the design and structure of space vehicles and habitation areas of the extraterrestrial settlements. This book is the result of a multidisciplinary effort to assess the state of art in our knowledge on the radiation situation during deep space missions and on the impact of this complex radiation environment on the space traveller. ]t comprises the lectures by the faculty members as well as short contributions by the students given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute "Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation" held in Armacao de Pera, Portugal, 12-23 October, 1991.

Safety Design for Space Systems

Safety Design for Space Systems Book
Author : Gary E. Musgrave Ph.D,Axel Larsen,Tommaso Sgobba
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2009-03-27
ISBN : 9780080559223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Progress in space safety lies in the acceptance of safety design and engineering as an integral part of the design and implementation process for new space systems. Safety must be seen as the principle design driver of utmost importance from the outset of the design process, which is only achieved through a culture change that moves all stakeholders toward front-end loaded safety concepts. This approach entails a common understanding and mastering of basic principles of safety design for space systems at all levels of the program organisation. Fully supported by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), written by the leading figures in the industry, with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, this book provides a comprehensive reference for aerospace engineers in industry. It addresses each of the key elements that impact on space systems safety, including: the space environment (natural and induced); human physiology in space; human rating factors; emergency capabilities; launch propellants and oxidizer systems; life support systems; battery and fuel cell safety; nuclear power generators (NPG) safety; habitat activities; fire protection; safety-critical software development; collision avoidance systems design; operations and on-orbit maintenance. * The only comprehensive space systems safety reference, its must-have status within space agencies and suppliers, technical and aerospace libraries is practically guaranteed * Written by the leading figures in the industry from NASA, ESA, JAXA, (et cetera), with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle, small and large satellite systems, and the International Space Station. * Superb quality information for engineers, programme managers, suppliers and aerospace technologists; fully supported by the IAASS (International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety)

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine Book
Author : S.L. Bonting
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2000-01-03
ISBN : 9780762303939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past several years there has been a shortage of flight opportunities for biological and medical projects. And those that were available usually had severe restrictions on instrumentation, number of subjects, duration, time allotted for performing the experiments, a possibility for repetition of experiments. It is our hope and expectation that this will change once the international Space Station is in full operation. The advantages of a permanent space station, already demonstrated by the Russian Mir station, are continuous availability of expert crew and a wide range of equipment, possibility of long-term experiments where this is waranted, increased numbers of subjects through larger laboratory space, proper controls in the large 1-G centrifuge, easier repeatability of experiments when needed. The limited number of flight opportunities during recent years probably explains why it has taken so long to acquire a sufficient number of high quality contributions for this seventh volume of Advances in Space Biology and Medicine. While initially the series wassailed at annually appearing volumes, we are now down to a biannual appearance. Hopefully, it will be possible to return to annual volumes in the future when results from space station experimentation at beginning to pour in. The first three chapters of this volume deal with muscle. Fejtek and Wassersug provide a survey of all studies on muscle of rodents flown in space, and include an interesting demography of this aspect of space research. Riley reviews our current knowledge of the effects of long-term spaceflight and re-entry on skeletal muscle, and considers the questions still to be answered before we can be satisfied that long-term space missions, such as on the space station, can be safely undertaken. Stein reviews our understanding of the nutritional and hormonal aspects of muscle loss in spaceflight, and concludes that the protein loss in space could be deleterious to health during flight and after return. Strollo summarizes our understanding of the major endocrine systems on the ground, then considers what we know about their functioning in space, concluding that there is much to be learned about the changes taking place during spaceflight. The many problems of providing life support (oxygen regeneration and food supply) during extended stay on the Moon, on Mars, or in space by means of plant cultivation are discussed by Salisbury. The challenges of utilizing electrophoresis in microgravity for the separation of cells and proteins are illustrated and explained by Bauer and colleagues. Finally, the chapter on teaching of space life sciences by Schmitt shows that this field of science has come of age, but also that its multidisciplinary character poses interesting challenges to teaching it.

Life and Space

Life and Space Book
Author : V. Borisov,O. Gorlov
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1964
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soviet biological experiments carried out with great thoroughness, embraced different sides of the problem of guaranteeing safety of a man's flight in space. In essence they provided a 'visa' for the first flight. This book relates, in popular form, the problems and achievements of space biology and medicine. Its authors are Soviet physician-physiologists. Therefore, it is natural that in the book much scientific information is given, from the physiological point of view, concerning questions of preparing future cosmonauts for flights.

Apollo Soyuz experiments in Space

Apollo Soyuz  experiments in Space  Book
Author : Lou Williams Page,Thornton Page
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Apollo Soyuz experiments in Space book written by Lou Williams Page,Thornton Page, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Springer Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics

Springer Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics Book
Author : Cameron Tropea,Alexander L. Yarin,John F. Foss
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-10-09
ISBN : 3540251413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Accompanying DVD-ROM contains ... "all chapters of the Springer Handbook."--Page 3 of cover.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nuclear Science Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Grand Challenges in Fungal Biotechnology

Grand Challenges in Fungal Biotechnology Book
Author : Helena Nevalainen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-08
ISBN : 3030295419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the major applications and potential of fungal biotechnology. The respective chapters report on the latest advances and opportunities in each topic area, proposing new and sustainable solutions to some of the major challenges faced by modern society. Aimed at researchers and biotechnologists in academia and industry, it represents essential reading for anyone interested in fungal biotechnology, as well as those working within the broader area of microbial biotechnology. Written in an accessible language, the book also offers a valuable reference resource for decision-makers in government and at non-governmental organizations who are involved in the development of cleaner technologies and the global bioeconomy. The 21st century is characterized by a number of critical challenges in terms of human health, developing a sustainable bioeconomy, facilitating agricultural production, and establishing practices that support a cleaner environment. While there are chemical solutions to some of these challenges, developing bio-based approaches is becoming increasingly important. Filamentous fungi, ‘the forgotten kingdom,’ are a group of unique organisms whose full potential has yet to be revealed. Some key properties, such as their exceptional capacity to secrete proteins into the external environment, have already been successfully harnessed for the production of industrial enzymes and cellulosic biofuels. Many further aspects discussed here –such as feeding the hungry with fungal protein, and the potential applications of the various small molecules produced by fungi –warrant further exploration. In turn, the book covers the use of fungal cell factories to produce foreign molecules, e.g. for therapeutics. Strategies including molecular approaches to strain improvement, and recent advances in high-throughput technologies, which are key to finding better products and producers, are also addressed. Lastly, the book discusses the advent of synthetic biology, which is destined to greatly expand the scope of fungal biotechnology. The chapter “Fungal Biotechnology in Space: Why and How?” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License at link.springer.com.

Independent Offices and Department of Housing and Urban Development Appropriations

Independent Offices and Department of Housing and Urban Development Appropriations Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Independent Offices and Dept. of Housing and Urban Development
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Independent Offices and Department of Housing and Urban Development Appropriations book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Independent Offices and Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017 Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2018-12-19
ISBN : 030947762X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The original charter of the Space Science Board was established in June 1958, three months before the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) opened its doors. The Space Science Board and its successor, the Space Studies Board (SSB), have provided expert external and independent scientific and programmatic advice to NASA on a continuous basis from NASA's inception until the present. The SSB has also provided such advice to other executive branch agencies, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Department of Defense, as well as to Congress. Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017 covers a message from the chair of the SSB, David N. Spergel. This report also explains the origins of the Space Science Board, how the Space Studies Board functions today, the SSB's collaboration with other National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine units, assures the quality of the SSB reports, acknowledges the audience and sponsors, and expresses the necessity to enhance the outreach and improve dissemination of SSB reports. This report will be relevant to a full range of government audiences in civilian space research - including NASA, NSF, NOAA, USGS, and the Department of Energy, as well members of the SSB, policy makers, and researchers.

Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 1992

Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development  and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 1992 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 1992 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Asteroids

Asteroids Book
Author : Martin Elvis
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 2021-05-01
ISBN : 030023192X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A unique, wide-ranging examination of asteroid exploration and our future in space Human travel into space is an enormously expensive and unforgiving endeavor. So why go? In this accessible and authoritative book, astrophysicist Martin Elvis argues that the answer is asteroid exploration, for the strong motives of love, fear, and greed. Elvis's personal motivation is one of scientific love--asteroid investigations may teach us about the composition of the solar system and the origins of life. A more compelling reason may be fear--of a dinosaur killer-sized asteroid hitting our planet. Finally, Elvis maintains, we should consider greed: asteroids likely hold vast riches, such as large platinum deposits, and mining them could provide both a new industry and a funding source for bolder space exploration. Elvis explains how each motive can be satisfied, and how they help one another. From the origins of life, to "space billiards," and space sports, Elvis looks at how asteroids may be used in the not-so-distant future.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell Book
Author : Bruce Alberts
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780815332183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molecular Biology of the Cell book written by Bruce Alberts, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biology

Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.