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Biological Chirality

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Biological Chirality

Biological Chirality Book
Author : Gyula Palyi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-06
ISBN : 0128123389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Chirality describes this occurrence, its history, and early research around the topic. The work covers analytical methods for observing the phenomenon, providing current techniques and practice and discussing the asymmetric morphology of certain living organisms, such as the position of the heart and liver in humans and the exceptions to biological homochirality seen in D-Amino Acids. In addition, it explores the requirement of enantioselectivity prepared pharmaceuticals to address enantioselectivities biomolecules, a major challenge in today's organic chemistry. Finally, the work considers the possible origin of biological homochirality, as well as the outlook for future research in this area. Describes the history of biological chirality research, its possible origins, and future exploration areas Discusses asymmetric exceptions in morphology and D-Amino Acids Explores the critical implications of enantioselective biomolecules for preparative organic chemistry with a goal of developing effective pharmaceuticals

Progress in Biological Chirality

Progress in Biological Chirality Book
Author : Gyula Palyi,Claudia Zucchi,Luciano Caglioti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-12-13
ISBN : 9780080474038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following on from Advances in BioChirality, Progress in Biological Chirality provides a unique summary and review of the most recent developments in the field of biochirality. Living organisms use only one enantiomer of chiral molecules in the majority of biologically important processes. The exact origin and mechanisms for this surprising selectivity are not yet known. This book discusses current research aimed at identifying the scientific reasons that may contribute to this phenomenon. Progress in Biological Chirality takes an interdisciplinary approach to this exciting field, covering a wide range of topics, such as, theory, palaeontology and food technology, to name but a few. This book presents findings via a broad spectrum of scientific approaches making it an excellent overview of Biological Chirality, suitable for postgraduate students, practitioners and researchers in the field of chemistry, biochemistry, biology, palaeontology, and food science with an interest in Chirality. This book contains 32 chapters written by Authors, who are leading authorities in the field Presents the most recent research taking place in this highly challenging field Contains both reference material for the specialist and provides an overview for those who are interested in the fundamental problems of biology and chemistry

Chirality in Biological Nanospaces

Chirality in Biological Nanospaces Book
Author : Nilashis Nandi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-07-27
ISBN : 1439840024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chirality is widely studied and omnipresent in biological molecules. However, how the retention of enantiomeric forms persists in many life processes without racemization is still unclear, and the molecular understanding of the stringent chiral specificity in enzymatic reactions is sparse. An overview of the influence of chirality in driving reactions within enzymatic cavities, Chirality in Biological Nanospaces: Reactions in Active Sites covers: Influences of molecular chirality on the structure of the active site and network of interactions to drive reactions with improved speed, accuracy, and efficiency The conserved features of the organization of the active site structures of enzymes The intricate interplay of electrostatic, hydrophobic, and van der Waals interactions Interactions between the active site residues and the substrate molecules Despite being time-consuming and expensive, trial-and-error is often the primary method used to develop synthetic enzymes. This book describes methods that combine crystallographic studies with electronic structure-based computational analysis. These methods may lead to future elucidation of new drugs that can target biological active sites with better efficacy and can be used to design custom-made novel biocytes with improved efficiency.

Chirality and Biological Activity of Drugs

Chirality and Biological Activity of Drugs Book
Author : Roger J. Crossley
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1995-09-11
ISBN : 9780849391408
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together the theoretical, commercial, and practical aspects of chirality and biological activity of drugs and acts as a ready reference for the effects of enantiomers of drug substances.

Astrobiology and Planetary Missions

Astrobiology and Planetary Missions Book
Author : Richard B. Hoover,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Advances in BioChirality

Advances in BioChirality Book
Author : C. Zucchi,L. Caglioti,Gyula Palyi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-09-08
ISBN : 9780080526621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chirality is a fundamental, persistent, but often overlooked feature of all living organisms on the molecular level as well as on the macroscopic scale. The high degree of preference for only one of two possible mirror image forms in Nature, often called biological homochirality is a puzzling, and not yet fully understood, phenomenon. This book covers biological homochirality from an interdisciplinary approach - contributions range from synthetic chemists, theoretical topologists and physicists, from palaeontologists and biologists to space scientists and representatives of the pharmaceutical and materials industries. Topics covered include - theory of biochirality, origins of biochirality, autocatalysis with amplification of chirality, macroscopic (present) biochirality, fossil records of chiral organisms - paleochirality, extraterrestrial origin of chirality, exceptions to the rule of biological homochirality, D-amino acids, chemical transfer of chirality, PV effects, and polarised radiation chemistry.

Chiral Drugs

Chiral Drugs Book
Author : Guo-Qiang Lin,Qi-Dong You,Jie-Fei Cheng
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-08
ISBN : 9781118075630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An integrated view of chiral drugs—from concept and synthesisto pharmaceutical properties Chirality greatly influences a drug's biological and pharmacological properties. In an effort to achieve more predictable results from chiral drugs, the Food and Drug Administration now requires that these medicines be as pure as possible, which places great demands on drug synthesis, purification, analysis, and testing. To assist researchers in acquiring the essential knowledge to meet these rigid guidelines, Chiral Drugs focuses on three vital chiral technologies—asymmetric synthesis, biocatalytic process, and chiral resolution—to offer details on the basic concepts, key developments, and recent trends in chiral drug discovery, along with: The history of chiral drugs development and industrial applications of chiral technologies A section listing twenty-five approved or advanced-trial chiral drugs that lists each drug name, chemical name and properties, a representative synthetic pathway, pharmacological characterizations, and references An interdisciplinary approach combining synthetic organic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, and pharmacology Nearly two-thirds of the drugs on today's market are chiral drugs. Reducing and eliminating their negative characteristics is an ongoing and serious challenge for the pharmaceutical industry. With its well-balanced approach to covering each important aspect of chirality, Chiral Drugs champions important strategies for tipping the medical scale in a positive direction for the production of more effective—and safer—drugs.

Aerospace Medicine and Biology

Aerospace Medicine and Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A selection of annotated references to unclassified reports and journal articles that were introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system and announced in Scientific and technical aerospace reports (STAR) and International aerospace abstracts (IAA).

The Role of Chirality in the Olfactory directed Aggregation Behavior of Pine Engraver Beetles in the Genus Ips Coleoptera Scolytidae

The Role of Chirality in the Olfactory directed Aggregation Behavior of Pine Engraver Beetles in the Genus Ips  Coleoptera  Scolytidae  Book
Author : Steven Jon Seybold
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Role of Chirality in the Olfactory directed Aggregation Behavior of Pine Engraver Beetles in the Genus Ips Coleoptera Scolytidae book written by Steven Jon Seybold, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Chirality

Chirality Book
Author : Janice M. Hicks
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The physical chemistry of chirality touches on many different chemical fields and as these fields become increasingly sophisticated there is a need for an updated molecular-level text about how the chemistry actually takes place. This volume fills that need by providing current information on a variety of topics, including chiral recognition, spectroscopy, vibrations of chiral molecules, chiral surfaces and theoretical issues in chirality.

The Physical Origin of Homochirality in Life

The Physical Origin of Homochirality in Life Book
Author : David Cline
Publisher : American Institute of Physics
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation Papers from the February 1995 conference explore questions of the necessity of homochiral structure, the homochiral prebiotic medium hypothesis, the potential of homochirality to be used as a signature for existing or previous living systems beyond Earth, and experiments seeking to clarify the origin of homochirality. Contains sections on historical perspective, homochirality and life, models of physical chiral symmetry breaking, and future tests. For chemists, chemical physicists, and astrophysicists. No index. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Astrobiology

Astrobiology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Astrobiology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Chiral Separations by HPLC

Chiral Separations by HPLC Book
Author : Ante M. Krstulović
Publisher : Prentice Hall
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9780470212998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Chiral Separations by HPLC book written by Ante M. Krstulović, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Raman Spectra and the Conformations of Biological Macromolecules

Raman Spectra and the Conformations of Biological Macromolecules Book
Author : Thomas G. Spiro
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Raman Spectra and the Conformations of Biological Macromolecules book written by Thomas G. Spiro, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biological Mass Spectrometry

Biological Mass Spectrometry Book
Author : R. M. Caprioli,M. L. Gross
Publisher : John Wiley & Son Limited
Release : 1994-05-10
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prominent active researchers present comprehensive reviews of modern biological mass spectrometry (BMS) including an excellent introduction to the instrumentation and applications currently being implemented. Profiles such recent techniques as ESI, MALDI, LC/MS, Ion-Trap and FT/ICR. Contains specific applications to proteins, drugs and natural products. Features practical guidance for problem solving within the biological sciences. Provides a detailed record of BMS in the early 90s which will serve as a reference in years to come.

Organic and Biological Chemistry

Organic and Biological Chemistry Book
Author : John R. Holum
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revision retains the topical balance of the previous edition with half of the coverage devoted to organic chemistry and half to biochemistry. The underlying theme is the molecular basis of life and the text is completely up to date as evidenced by inclusion of discussions of lipoprotein complexes and the transport of cholesterol in the blood. Strong pedagogical aids include boldface terms, margin comments, worked-out examples, in- chapter exercises, illustrations, chapter summary, review questions and more. The book is designed for undergraduates in chemistry and allied health programs.

Introduction to General Organic and Biological Chemistry

Introduction to General  Organic  and Biological Chemistry Book
Author : Martha J. Gilleland
Publisher : West Group
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Introduction to General Organic and Biological Chemistry book written by Martha J. Gilleland, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Journal of the Indian Chemical Society

Journal of the Indian Chemical Society Book
Author : Indian Chemical Society
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of the Indian Chemical Society book written by Indian Chemical Society, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.