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Biogeochemistry

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Biogeochemistry

Biogeochemistry Book
Author : W.H. Schlesinger,Emily S. Bernhardt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-01-14
ISBN : 0123858747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For the past 4 billion years, the chemistry of the Earth's surface, where all life exists, has changed remarkably. Historically, these changes have occurred slowly enough to allow life to adapt and evolve. In more recent times, the chemistry of the Earth is being altered at a staggering rate, fueled by industrialization and an ever-growing human population. Human activities, from the rapid consumption of resources to the destruction of the rainforests and the expansion of smog-covered cities, are all leading to rapid changes in the basic chemistry of the Earth. The Third Edition of Biogeochemistry considers the effects of life on the Earth's chemistry on a global level. This expansive text employs current technology to help students extrapolate small-scale examples to the global level, and also discusses the instrumentation being used by NASA and its role in studies of global change. With the Earth's changing chemistry as the focus, this text pulls together the many disparate fields that are encompassed by the broad reach of biogeochemistry. With extensive cross-referencing of chapters, figures, and tables, and an interdisciplinary coverage of the topic at hand, this text will provide an excellent framework for courses examining global change and environmental chemistry, and will also be a useful self-study guide. Emphasizes the effects of life on the basic chemistry of the atmosphere, the soils, and seawaters of the EarthCalculates and compares the effects of industrial emissions, land clearing, agriculture, and rising population on Earth's chemistrySynthesizes the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur, and suggests the best current budgets for atmospheric gases such as ammonia, nitrous oxide, dimethyl sulfide, and carbonyl sulfideIncludes an extensive review and up-to-date synthesis of the current literature on the Earth's biogeochemistry.

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry Book
Author : Jack J. Middelburg
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-25
ISBN : 3030108228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book discusses biogeochemical processes relevant to carbon and aims to provide readers, graduate students and researchers, with insight into the functioning of marine ecosystems. A carbon centric approach has been adopted, but other elements are included where relevant or needed. The book focuses on concepts and quantitative understanding of primary production, organic matter mineralization and sediment biogeochemistry. The impact of biogeochemical processes on inorganic carbon dynamics and organic matter transformation are also discussed.

Introduction to the Biogeochemistry of Soils

Introduction to the Biogeochemistry of Soils Book
Author : Ronald Amundson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-06-17
ISBN : 1108831265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first process-based textbook on how soils form and function in biogeochemical cycles, for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter Book
Author : Dennis A. Hansell,Craig A. Carlson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-10-02
ISBN : 0124071538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a complex mixture of molecules found throughout the world's oceans. It plays a key role in the export, distribution, and sequestration of carbon in the oceanic water column, posited to be a source of atmospheric climate regulation. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, focuses on the chemical constituents of DOM and its biogeochemical, biological, and ecological significance in the global ocean, and provides a single, unique source for the references, information, and informed judgments of the community of marine biogeochemists. Presented by some of the world's leading scientists, this revised edition reports on the major advances in this area and includes new chapters covering the role of DOM in ancient ocean carbon cycles, the long term stability of marine DOM, the biophysical dynamics of DOM, fluvial DOM qualities and fate, and the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, is an extremely useful resource that helps people interested in the largest pool of active carbon on the planet (DOC) get a firm grounding on the general paradigms and many of the relevant references on this topic. Features up-to-date knowledge of DOM, including five new chapters The only published work to synthesize recent research on dissolved organic carbon in the Mediterranean Sea Includes chapters that address inputs from freshwater terrestrial DOM

Ocean Biogeochemistry

Ocean Biogeochemistry Book
Author : Michael J.R. Fasham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-04-08
ISBN : 9783540423980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oceans account for 50% of the anthropogenic CO2 released into the atmosphere. During the past 15 years an international programme, the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), has been studying the ocean carbon cycle to quantify and model the biological and physical processes whereby CO2 is pumped from the ocean's surface to the depths of the ocean, where it can remain for hundreds of years. This project is one of the largest multi-disciplinary studies of the oceans ever carried out and this book synthesises the results. It covers all aspects of the topic ranging from air-sea exchange with CO2, the role of physical mixing, the uptake of CO2 by marine algae, the fluxes of carbon and nitrogen through the marine food chain to the subsequent export of carbon to the depths of the ocean. Special emphasis is laid on predicting future climatic change.

Modern Biogeochemistry

Modern Biogeochemistry Book
Author : Vladimir N. Bashkin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-12-29
ISBN : 1402045867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is aimed at generalizing the modern ideas of both biogeochemical and environmental risk assessment that have been developed in recent years. Only a few books are available in this interdisciplinary area, since most deal mainly with various technical aspects of ERA description and calculations. This text aims at supplementing the existing books by providing a modern understanding of mechanisms responsible for ecological risks for human beings and ecosystems.

Ecosystem Biogeochemistry

Ecosystem Biogeochemistry Book
Author : Christopher S. Cronan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-05
ISBN : 3319664441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook presents a comprehensive process-oriented approach to biogeochemistry that is intended to appeal to readers who want to go beyond a general exposure to topics in biogeochemistry, and instead are seeking a holistic understanding of the interplay of biotic and environmental drivers in the cycling of elements in forested watersheds. The book is organized around a core set of ecosystem processes and attributes that collectively help to generate the whole-system structure and function of a terrestrial ecosystem. In the first nine chapters, a conceptual framework is developed based on distinct soil, microbial, plant, atmospheric, hydrologic, and geochemical processes that are integrated in the element cycling behavior of watershed ecosystems. With that conceptual foundation in place, students then proceed to the final three chapters where they are challenged to think critically about integrated element cycling patterns; roles for biogeochemical models; the likely impacts of disturbance, stress, and management on watershed biogeochemistry; and linkages among patterns and processes in watersheds experiencing novel environmental changes. Included with the text are figures, tables of comparative data, extensive literature citations, a glossary of terms, an index, and a set of 24 biogeochemical problems with answers. The problems are intended to support chapter concepts and to demonstrate how critical thinking skills, simple algebra, and thoughtful human logic can be used to solve applied problems in biogeochemistry that might be encountered by a research scientist or a resource manager. Using this book as an introduction to biogeochemistry, students will achieve a level of subject mastery and disciplinary perspective that will permit them to see and to interpret the individual components, interactions, and synergies that are represented in the dynamic element cycling patterns of watershed ecosystems.

Biogeochemistry

Biogeochemistry Book
Author : W.H. Schlesinger,Emily S. Bernhardt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-08-07
ISBN : 0128146095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change, Fourth Edition, considers how the basic chemical conditions of the Earth, from atmosphere to soil to seawater, have been, and are being, affected by the existence of life. Human activities in particular, from the rapid consumption of resources to the destruction of the rainforests and the expansion of smog-covered cities, are leading to rapid changes in the basic chemistry of the Earth. The new edition features expanded coverage of topics, including the cryosphere, the global hydrogen cycle, biomineralization and the movement of elements across landscapes and continents by organisms and through global trade. The book will help students and researchers extrapolate small-scale examples to a global level. With cross-referencing of chapters, figures and tables, and an interdisciplinary coverage of the topic, this updated edition provides an excellent framework for examining global change and environmental chemistry. Includes an extensive review and up-to-date synthesis of the current literature on the Earth's biogeochemistry Synthesizes the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous and sulfur, and suggests the best current budgets for atmospheric gases such as ammonia, nitrous oxide, dimethyl sulfide, and carbonyl sulfide Features updated literature references and expanded coverage of topics, including the cryosphere, the global hydrogen cycle, biomineralization and the movement of elements across landscapes and continents by organisms and through global trade

Biogeochemistry in Mineral Exploration

Biogeochemistry in Mineral Exploration Book
Author : Colin E. Dunn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-30
ISBN : 9780080546490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Significant refinements of biogeochemical methods applied to mineral exploration have been made during more than twenty years since the last major publication on this technique. This innovative, practical and comprehensive text is designed as a field handbook and an office reference volume. It outlines the historical development of biogeochemical methods applied to mineral exploration, and provides details of what, how, why and when to collect samples from all major climatic environments with examples from around the world. Recent commercialization of sophisticated analytical technology permits immensely more insight into the multi-element composition of plants. In particular, precise determination of ultra-trace levels of ‘pathfinder’ elements in dry tissues and recognition of element distribution patterns with respect to concealed mineralization. Data handling and interpretation are discussed in context of a wealth of previously unpublished information, including a section on plant mineralogy, much of which has been classified as confidential until recently. Data are provided on the biogeochemistry of more than 60 elements and, by case history examples, their roles discussed in assisting in the discovery of concealed mineral deposits. A look to the future includes the potential role of bacteria to provide new focus for mineral exploration. Analyses of samples from the controlled environment of Britain’s Eden Project are presented on an accompanying CD as part of a database that includes, also, the potential role of the halogens to assist in mineral exploration. Data on this CD provide a ‘hands-on’ approach for the reader to interrogate and personally assess real datasets from the burgeoning discipline of biogeochemical exploration. * Describes the practical aspects of plant selection and collection in different environments around the world, and how to process and analyze them * Discusses more than 60 elements in plants, with data interpretation and case history results that include exploration for Au, PGEs, U, base metals and kimberlites * Contains databases as digital files on an accompanying CD for "hands-on" experimentation with real biogeochemical data

Ocean Biogeochemistry

Ocean Biogeochemistry Book
Author : Michael J.R. Fasham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642558445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oceans account for 50% of the anthropogenic CO2 released into the atmosphere. During the past 15 years an international programme, the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), has been studying the ocean carbon cycle to quantify and model the biological and physical processes whereby CO2 is pumped from the ocean's surface to the depths of the ocean, where it can remain for hundreds of years. This project is one of the largest multi-disciplinary studies of the oceans ever carried out and this book synthesises the results. It covers all aspects of the topic ranging from air-sea exchange with CO2, the role of physical mixing, the uptake of CO2 by marine algae, the fluxes of carbon and nitrogen through the marine food chain to the subsequent export of carbon to the depths of the ocean. Special emphasis is laid on predicting future climatic change.

Biogeochemistry of Inland Waters

Biogeochemistry of Inland Waters Book
Author : Gene E. Likens
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-05-20
ISBN : 9780123819970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A derivative of the Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, Biogeochemistry of Inland Waters examines the transformation, flux and cycling of chemical compounds in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, combining aspects of biology, ecology, geology, and chemistry. Because the articles are drawn from an encyclopedia, they are easily accessible to interested members of the public, such as conservationists and environmental decision makers. This derivative text describes biogeochemical cycles of organic and inorganic elements and compounds in freshwater ecosystems.

Biogeochemistry of Estuaries

Biogeochemistry of Estuaries Book
Author : Thomas S. Bianchi
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2006-09-14
ISBN : 0195347714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biogeochemistry of Estuaries offers a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to understanding biogeochemical cycling in estuaries. Designed as a text for intermediate to advanced students, this book utilizes numerous illustrations and an extensive literature base to impart the current state-of-the-art knowledge in this field. While many of the existing books in estuarine science are comprised of edited volumes, typically focused on highly specific topics in estuaries,Biogeochemistry of Estuaries provides, for the first time, a unique foundation in the areas of geomorphology, geochemistry, biochemistry, aqueous chemistry, and ecology, while making strong linkages (trhoughout the text) to ecosystem-based processes in estuarine sciences. Estuaries, located at the interface between land and the coastal ocean are dynamic, highly productive systems that, in many cases, have been historically associated with development of many of the great centers of early human civilization. Consequentially, these systems have and continue to be highly impacted by anthropogenic inputs. This timely book takes the foundational basis of elemental cycling in estuarine and applies it to estuarine management issues. Biogeochemistry of Estuaries will be welcomed by estuarine/marine scientists, ecologists, biogeochemists, and environmentalists around the world.

Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems

Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems Book
Author : Kenneth D. Black,Graham B. Shimmield
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-02-12
ISBN : 1405147792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine systems vary in their sensitivities to perturbation.Perturbation may be insidious – such as increasingeutrophication of coastal areas – or it may be dramatic– such as a response to an oil spillage or some otheraccident. Climate change may occur incrementally or it may beabrupt, and ecosystem resilience is likely to be a complex functionof the interactions of those assemblages or species mediating keybiogeochemical processes. Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems considers issues ofmarine system resilience, focusing on a range of marine systemsthat exemplify major global province types but are also interestingand topical in their own right, on account of their sensitivity tonatural or anthropogenic change or their importance as ecologicalservice providers. Authors concentrate on advances of the lastdecade.

Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry of Precious Metals

Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry of Precious Metals Book
Author : Frank Reith
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-11-08
ISBN : 3038973467
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Precious metals continue to have economic and sociocultural importance, as their usage evolves and diversifies over time. Today, the industrial application of precious metals is increasing with the development of scientific and technological innovations. Especially, the biological cycling of these metals is receiving more and more attention, as the microbiota may be key to a range of issues regarding exploration, ore-processing and metallurgy, and the processing of electron waste. In this volume, we focus on enhancing the fundamental understanding of the biological processes that drive noble metal cycling and examine how this knowledge may be turned into biotechnolical applications.

Microbial Biomass A Paradigm Shift In Terrestrial Biogeochemistry

Microbial Biomass  A Paradigm Shift In Terrestrial Biogeochemistry Book
Author : Tate Kevin Russel
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-02-08
ISBN : 1786341328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Biomass informs readers of the ongoing global revolution in understanding soil and ecosystem microbial processes. The first paper on the subject was written by David Jenkinson in 1966, and here new insights and expansions are given on the fascinating world of soil microbial processes. In terms of contemporary issues, it also serves to support urgent efforts to sustainably manage land to feed a growing world population without compromising the environment. It presents new methods of investigation which are leading to more sustainable management of ecosystems, and improved understanding of ecosystem changes in an increasingly warmer world. The book approaches the topic by looking at the emergence of our understanding of soil biological processes, and begins by tracing the conception and first measurement of soil microbial biomass. Following this, changes in ecosystems, and in natural ecosystem processes are discussed in relation to land management issues and global change. Microbial biomass and its diversity are recognized as key factors in finding solutions for more sustainable land and ecosystem management, aided by new molecular and other tools. Information from the use of these tools is now being incorporated into emerging microbial-explicit predictive models, to help us study changes in earth system processes. Perfect for use in research and practice, this book is written for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and professionals of agronomy, chemistry, geology, physical geography, ecology, biology, microbiology, silviculture and soil science.

Peatland Biogeochemistry and Watershed Hydrology at the Marcell Experimental Forest

Peatland Biogeochemistry and Watershed Hydrology at the Marcell Experimental Forest Book
Author : Randall Kolka,Stephen Sebestyen,Elon S. Verry,Kenneth Brooks
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-02-22
ISBN : 9781439814253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Marcell Experimental Forest (MEF) in Minnesota serves as a living laboratory and provides scientists with a fundamental understanding of peatland hydrology, acid rain impacts, nutrient and carbon cycling, trace gas emissions, and controls on mercury transport in boreal watersheds. Its important role in scientific research continues to grow as the data gathered offers invaluable insight into environmental changes over the last century and goes far in answering many of today’s pressing questions at landscape and global scales. Synthesizing five decades of research, Peatland Biogeochemistry and Watershed Hydrology at the Marcell Experimental Forest includes hundreds of research publications, dozens of graduate theses, and even some previously unpublished studies. Research at the MEF has been at the forefront of many scientific disciplines and these 15 chapters offer the depth and breadth of long-term studies on hydrology, biogeochemistry, ecology, and forest management on peatland watersheds at the MEF. Focusing on peatlands, lakes, and upland landscapes, the book begins with the pioneering research on hydrology done during the 1960s. It presents the innovative 1970’s studies of atmospheric deposition; the 1980’s research into nutrient cycles including carbon, nitrogen, and methane emissions; and the 1990’s investigations into mercury deposition. The book concludes with a look at the latest and on-going studies such as this century’s research into controls on methylmercury production and landscape-level carbon storage and cycling. Covering 50 years of research and written by a veritable who’s who in peatland and forestry science, this important milestone in the collection of ecological data highlights bright prospects for future research, including the continuation of existing long-term measurements, the initiation of new monitoring programs, and plans for unprecedented studies on climate change.

Aquatic Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry A Dual Perspective

Aquatic Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry  A Dual Perspective Book
Author : Patricia M. Glibert,Todd M. Kana
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-25
ISBN : 3319302590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights perspectives, insights, and data in the coupled fields of aquatic microbial ecology and biogeochemistry when viewed through the lens of collaborative duos – dual career couples. Their synergy and collaborative interactions have contributed substantially to our contemporary understanding of pattern, process and dynamics. This is thus a book by dual career couples about dual scientific processes. The papers herein represent wide-ranging topics, from the processes that structure microbial diversity to nitrogen and photosynthesis metabolism, to dynamics of changing ecosystems and processes and dynamics in individual ecosystems. In all, these papers take us from the Arctic to Africa, from the Arabian Sea to Australia, from small lakes in Maine and Yellowstone hot vents to the Sargasso Sea, and in the process provide analyses that make us think about the structure and function of all of these systems in the aquatic realm. This book is useful not only for the depth and breadth of knowledge conveyed in its chapters, but serves to guide dual career couples faced with the great challenges only they face. Great teams do make great science.

Biogeochemistry and Genomics of Silicification and Silicifiers

Biogeochemistry and Genomics of Silicification and Silicifiers Book
Author : Marion Gehlen,Stephen Baines,Brivaëla Moriceau,Paul Tréguer
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 2889630854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biogeochemistry and Genomics of Silicification and Silicifiers book written by Marion Gehlen,Stephen Baines,Brivaëla Moriceau,Paul Tréguer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biogeochemistry of Wetlands

Biogeochemistry of Wetlands Book
Author : K. Ramesh Reddy,Ronald D. DeLaune
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-07-28
ISBN : 0203491459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wetland ecosystems maintain a fragile balance of soil, water, plant, and atmospheric components in order to regulate water flow, flooding, and water quality. Marginally covered in traditional texts on biogeochemistry or on wetland soils, Biogeochemistry of Wetlands is the first to focus entirely on the biological, geological, physical, and chemical

Biogeochemistry and Cycling of Water Column Particulates in Southern Lake Michigan

Biogeochemistry and Cycling of Water Column Particulates in Southern Lake Michigan Book
Author : Martin Merrill Shafer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biogeochemistry and Cycling of Water Column Particulates in Southern Lake Michigan book written by Martin Merrill Shafer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.