Skip to main content

Bioengineering And Molecular Biology Of Plant Pathways

In Order to Read Online or Download Bioengineering And Molecular Biology Of Plant Pathways Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways

Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-29
ISBN : 9780080556963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The increased knowledge about the structure of genomes in a number of species, about the complexity of transcriptomes, and the rapid growth in knowledge about mutant phenotypes have set off the large scale use of transgenes to answer basic biological questions, and to generate new crops and novel products. Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways includes twelve chapters, which to variable degrees describe the use of transgenic plants to explore possibilities and approaches for the modification of plant metabolism, adaptation or development. The interests of the authors range from tool development, to basic biochemical know-how about the engineering of enzymes, to exploring avenues for the modification of complex multigenic pathways, and include several examples for the engineering of specific pathways in different organs and developmental stages. Prologue by Paul K. Stumpf and Eric E. Conn Incorporates new concepts and insights in plant biochemistry and biology Provides a conceptual framework regarding the challenges faced in engineering pathways Discusses potential in engineering of metabolic end-products that are of vast economical importance, including genetic engineering of cellulose, seed storage proteins, and edible and industrial oils

Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways

Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Pergamon
Release : 2008-01-22
ISBN : 9780080449722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The increased knowledge about the structure of genomes in a number of species, about the complexity of transcriptomes, and the rapid growth in knowledge about mutant phenotypes have set off the large scale use of transgenes to answer basic biological questions, and to generate new crops and novel products. Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways includes twelve chapters, which to variable degrees describe the use of transgenic plants to explore possibilities and approaches for the modification of plant metabolism, adaptation or development. The interests of the authors range from tool development, to basic biochemical know-how about the engineering of enzymes, to exploring avenues for the modification of complex multigenic pathways, and include several examples for the engineering of specific pathways in different organs and developmental stages. Prologue by Paul K. Stumpf and Eric E. Conn Incorporates new concepts and insights in plant biochemistry and biology Provides a conceptual framework regarding the challenges faced in engineering pathways Discusses potential in engineering of metabolic end-products that are of vast economical importance, including genetic engineering of cellulose, seed storage proteins, and edible and industrial oils

Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways

Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Pergamon
Release : 2008-01-22
ISBN : 9780080449722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The increased knowledge about the structure of genomes in a number of species, about the complexity of transcriptomes, and the rapid growth in knowledge about mutant phenotypes have set off the large scale use of transgenes to answer basic biological questions, and to generate new crops and novel products. Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways includes twelve chapters, which to variable degrees describe the use of transgenic plants to explore possibilities and approaches for the modification of plant metabolism, adaptation or development. The interests of the authors range from tool development, to basic biochemical know-how about the engineering of enzymes, to exploring avenues for the modification of complex multigenic pathways, and include several examples for the engineering of specific pathways in different organs and developmental stages. Prologue by Paul K. Stumpf and Eric E. Conn Incorporates new concepts and insights in plant biochemistry and biology Provides a conceptual framework regarding the challenges faced in engineering pathways Discusses potential in engineering of metabolic end-products that are of vast economical importance, including genetic engineering of cellulose, seed storage proteins, and edible and industrial oils

The Biobased Economy

The Biobased Economy Book
Author : Hans Langeveld,Johan Sanders,Marieke Meeusen
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1849774803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The impending threats of catastrophic climate change and peak oil are driving our society towards increased use of biomass for energy, chemical compounds and other materials - the beginnings of a biobased economy. As alternative development models for the biobased economy emerge, we need to determine potential applications, their perspectives and possible impacts as well as policies that can steer technological and market development in such a way that our objectives are met. Currently, it is still far from clear what will be the most sustainable routes to follow, which technologies should be included, and how their development will affect, and be affected by, research, public opinion and policy and market forces. This groundbreaking work, edited by a group of leading researchers originally from Wageningen Agricultural University in the Netherlands, sets out to unpick the complex systems in play. It provides an illuminating framework for how policy and market players could and should drive the development of a biobased economy that is effective, sustainable, fair and cost efficient. Starting with a state-of-the-art overview of major biobased technologies, including biorefinery and technologies for the production of biofuels, biogas, biomass feedstocks for chemistry and bioplastics, it discusses how different actor groups interact through policy and markets. Information from case studies is used to demonstrate how the potential of the biobased economy in different parts of the world, such as North America, Europe, and emerging economies like China and Brazil can be realised using research, debate, policy and commercial development. The result is an essential resource for all those working in or concerned with biobased industries, their policy or research.

C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms

C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms Book
Author : Agepati S. Raghavendra,Rowan F. Sage
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-20
ISBN : 9789048194070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The C4 pathway of photosynthesis was discovered and characterized, more than four decades ago. Interest in C4 pathway has been sustained and has recently been boosted with the discovery of single-cell C4 photosynthesis and the successful introduction of key C4-cycle enzymes in important crops, such as rice. Further, cold-tolerant C4 plants are at the verge of intense exploitation as energy crops. Rapid and multidisciplinary progress in our understanding of C4 plants warrants a comprehensive documentation of the available literature. The book, which is a state-of-the-art overview of several basic and applied aspects of C4 plants, will not only provide a ready source of information but also triggers further research on C4 photosynthesis. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, it provides an authoritative source of progress made in our knowledge of C4 plants, with emphasis on physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, biogeography, evolution, besides bioengineering C4 rice and biofuels. The book is an advanced level textbook for postgraduate students and a reference book for researchers in the areas of plant biology, cell biology, biotechnology, agronomy, horticulture, ecology and evolution.

Marschner s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants

Marschner s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants Book
Author : Horst Marschner
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123849055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Respected and known worldwide in the field for his research in plant nutrition, Dr. Horst Marschner authored two editions of Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. His research greatly advanced the understanding of rhizosphere processes and trace element uptake by plants and he published extensively in a variety of plant nutrition areas. While doing agricultural research in West Africa in 1996, Dr. Marschner contracted malaria and passed away, and until now this legacy title went unrevised. Despite the passage of time, it remains the definitive reference on plant mineral nutrition. Great progress has been made in the understanding of various aspects of plant nutrition and in recent years the view on the mode of action of mineral nutrients in plant metabolism and yield formation has shifted. Nutrients are not only viewed as constituents of plant compounds (constructing material), enzymes and electron transport chains but also as signals regulating plant metabolism via complex signal transduction networks. In these networks, phytohormones also play an important role. Principles of the mode of action of phytohormones and examples of the interaction of hormones and mineral nutrients on source and sink strength and yield formation are discussed in this edition. Phytohormones have a role as chemical messengers (internal signals) to coordinate development and responses to environmental stimuli at the whole plant level. These and many other molecular developments are covered in the long-awaited new edition. Esteemed plant nutrition expert and Horst Marschner's daughter, Dr. Petra Marschner, together with a team of key co-authors who worked with Horst Marschner on his research, now present a thoroughly updated and revised third edition of Marschner's Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, maintaining its value for plant nutritionists worldwide. A long-awaited revision of the standard reference on plant mineral nutrition Features full coverage and new discussions of the latest molecular advances Contains additional focus on agro-ecosystems as well as nutrition and quality

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Book
Author : Cynthia J. Jameson
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2011
ISBN : 1849731470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

As a spectroscopic method, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has seen spectacular growth, both as a technique and in its applications. Today's applications of NMR span a wide range of scientific disciplines, from physics to biology to medicine. Each volume of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance comprises a combination of annual and biennial reports which together provide comprehensive coverage of the literature on this topic. This Specialist Periodical Report reflects the growing volume of published work involving NMR techniques and applications, in particular NMR of natural macromolecules, which is covered in two reports: NMR of Proteins and Nucleic Acids and NMR of Carbohydrates, Lipids and Membranes. In his foreword to the first volume, the then editor, Professor Robin Harris announced that the series would be a discussion on the phenomena of NMR and that articles will be critical surveys of the literature. This has certainly remained the case throughout the series, and in line with its predecessors, Volume 40 aims to provide a comprehensive coverage of the relevant NMR literature. For the current volume this relates to publications appearing between June 2009 and May 2010 (the nominal period of coverage in volume 1 was July 1970 to June 1971). Compared to the previous volume there are some new members of the reporting team. Theoretical Aspects of Spin-Spin Couplings are covered by J. Jazwinski, while E. Swiezewska and J.W3/4jcik provide an account of NMR of Carbohydrates, Lipids and Membranes.

Applications of Plant Metabolic Engineering

Applications of Plant Metabolic Engineering Book
Author : R. Verpoorte,A.W. Alfermann,T.S. Johnson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-07-28
ISBN : 1402060319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Written by leading international experts in the field of plant metabolic engineering, this book discusses how the technology can be applied. Applications resulting from metabolic engineering are expected to play a very important role in the future of plant breeding: for example, in the fields of improved resistance or improved traits concerning health promoting constituents, as well as in the production of fine chemicals such as medicines, flavors and fragrances.

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : Sudhir P. P. Singh,Ashok Pandey,Guocheng Du,Sudesh Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-20
ISBN : 044464086X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Synthetic Biology, Cell Engineering and Bioprocessing Technologies covers the current perspectives and outlook of synthetic biology in the agriculture, food and health sectors. This book begins with the basics about synthetic biology and cell engineering, and then explores this in more detail, focusing on topics like applications of synthetic biology, industrial bioprocesses, and future perspectives. Information on cell engineering is also presented, and manipulation in endogenous metabolic network is studied alongside advanced topics such as fine tuning of metabolic pathways, de novo biosynthetic pathway design, enzyme engineering targeted to improved kinetics and stability, and potential applications of the novel biological systems in bioprocess technology to achieve the production of value-added compounds with specific biological activities. Assists in developing a conceptual understanding of synthetic biology and cellular and metabolic engineering. Includes comprehensive information on new developments and advancements. Lists applications of synthetic biology in agriculture, food, and health

Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : William G. Flynne
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781604560671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Biotechnology is a popular term for the generic technology of the 21st century. Although it has been utilised for centuries in traditional production processes, modern biotechnology is only 50 years old and in the last decades it has been witnessing tremendous developments. Bioengineering is the science upon which all Biotechnological applications are based. With the development of new approaches and modern techniques, traditional biotechnology industries are also acquiring new horizons enabling them to improve the quality of their products and increase the productivity of their systems. Biological engineering (also biosystems engineering and bioengineering) deals with engineering biological processes in general. It is a broad-based engineering discipline that also may involve product design, sustainability and analysis of biological systems. In other words, Bioengineering is a discipline that applies engineering principles to biological systems for the purpose of developing new technologies of services to improve the living standards of societies. It exploits the new developments in molecular biology, biochemistry, microbiology, cell metabolism and engineering principles and applies them in order to understand living systems and to bring solutions various problems associated with these systems. This book presents leading research in both areas.

Plant Virus Interactions

Plant Virus Interactions Book
Author : Tatjana Kleinow
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-13
ISBN : 3319254898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Plant RNA– and DNA-viruses have small genomes and with this limited coding capacity exhibit a strong dependency on host cellular processes and factors to complete their viral life cycle. Various interactions of viral proteins or nucleic acids with host components (proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids and metabolites) evolved, which are essential for a successful systemic spread of viruses within the plant. For example, in plants, transport of endogenous macromolecules like proteins and nucleic acids occurs in a highly selective and regulated manner and viruses exploit these specifically controlled trafficking pathways. Research on plant virus movement is located at the interface of molecular plant virology and plant cell biology. The proposed book project aims to give an overview on the current state of this research and to highlight novel insights into the dynamic interplay between plant viruses and host cells. The book is intended for researchers in plant biology and virology and especially written for those who aim to understand cell biology of virus-plant interactions. ​

Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism

Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism Book
Author : Arthur Germano Fett-Neto
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2016-02-04
ISBN : 9781493933914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This volume describes up-to-date techniques for improved production of secondary metabolites of economic interest using field and laboratory methods. Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism: Methods and Protocols explores different secondary metabolite classes, whole-plant and cell/organ culture systems, and environmental and genetic transformation-based modulation of biochemical pathways. Special focus is given to cell and tissue specific metabolism, metabolite transport, microRNA-based technology, heterologous systems expression of enzymes and pathways leading to products of interest, as well as applications using both model and non-model plant species. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and cutting-edge, Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism: Methods and Protocols is a great resource for scientists of interdisciplinary fields--plant science, plant physiology, pharmacy, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioengineering, and forestry--in reaching their goals of producing plant biochemicals in a sustainable and efficient manner, while minimizing impacts to the environment and providing the required quantities of these commodities to industry.

Natural Bio active Compounds

Natural Bio active Compounds Book
Author : Mohd Sayeed Akhtar,Mallappa Kumara Swamy
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-28
ISBN : 9811374384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Natural bioactive compounds have become an integral part of plant-microbe interactions geared toward adaptation to environmental changes. They regulate symbiosis, induce seed germination, and manifest allelopathic effects, i.e., they inhibit the growth of competing plant species in their vicinity. In addition, the use of natural bioactive compounds and their products is considered to be suitable and safe in e.g. alternative medicine. Thus, there is an unprecedented need to meet the increasing demand for plant secondary metabolites in the flavor and fragrance, food, and pharmaceutical industries. However, it is difficult to obtain a constant quantity of compounds from the cultivated plants, as their yield fluctuates due to several factors including genotypic variations, the geography, edaphic conditions, harvesting and processing methods. Yet familiarity with these substances and the exploration of various approaches could open new avenues in their production. This book describes the basis of bioactive plant compounds, their mechanisms and molecular actions with regard to various human diseases, and their applications in the drug, cosmetic and herbal industries. Accordingly, it offers a valuable resource for students, educators, researchers, and healthcare experts involved in agronomy, ecology, crop science, molecular biology, stress physiology, and natural products.

Chemicals via Higher Plant Bioengineering

Chemicals via Higher Plant Bioengineering Book
Author : Fereidoon Shahidi,Paul Kolodziejczyk,John R. Whitaker,Agustin Lopez Munguia,Glenn Fuller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461547296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Food and raw material for its production was generally produced via the traditional agriculture. On the other hand, novel chemicals were manufactured in the laboratory or extracted from plant and animal sources. However, as the world population is steadily in creasing, there is a decrease in traditional agriculture productivity and concerns are also expressed over the damage inflicted to the environment and restrictions that might be en forced in food production. At the same time, there is an increasing demand for high qual ity agricultural products as well as for food ingredients related to both the traditional or newly discovered nutrients or phytochemicals. Trends and developments,~n the area of plant biotechnology and bioengineering has allowed manipulation of genes' !lnd/or insertion of new genes, thus production of trans genic plants. Starting from the introduction of agronomic traits, particularly stress resis tance to diverse environmental factors, process and sensory characteristics, food quality and production of novel varieties of plant-based products through genetic engineering, biotechnology is changing the,;agriculture and the concept of production of plant-ba~~d raw materials. Increasing attention is being paid on research for production of plants !pat can provide a wide array of food and non-food products. Perhaps the first non-food pro,d uct that plant biotechnology would achieve is production of large scale custom-designed industrial oils, but the list of chemicals is long, ranging" from oils and specific triacyl glycerols to biopolymers, enzymes, blood components, amo~g others.

Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering New Advances

Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering  New Advances Book
Author : James Chou,Zhou Huaibei
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-10-29
ISBN : 1315683016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The 9th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering (iCBBE 2015) was held on September 18-20, 2015, Shanghai, China. This proceedings volume assembles papers from various professionals engaged in the fields of Biomedical Engineering, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology. The conference had special sessio

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : Ashok Pandey,Sudhir P. Singh,Sudesh Kumar Yadav,Guocheng Du
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-12-15
ISBN : 9780444640857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Current Developments in Biotechnology & Bioengineering: Synthetic Biology, Cell Engineering & Bioprocessing Technologies covers the current perspectives and outlook of synthetic biology in agriculture, food, and health sectors. This book begins with the basics about synthetic biology and cell engineering. and then moves on to exploring in more detail covering topics like applications of synthetic biology, industrial bioprocesses and future perspectives. Information on cell engineering is also presented with state-of-art information about manipulation in endogenous metabolic network, fine tuning of metabolic pathways, de novo biosynthetic pathway design, enzyme engineering targeted to improved kinetics and stability, and potential applications of the novel biological systems in bioprocess technology to achieve production of value-added compounds with specific biological activities. Provides a conceptual understanding of synthetic biology, and cellular and metabolic engineering Includes comprehensive information on new developments and advancements Lists applications of synthetic biology in agriculture, food and health

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : Suresh Kumar Dubey,Ashok Pandey,Rajender Singh Sangwan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-17
ISBN : 0444636722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Crop Modification, Nutrition, and Food Production provides extensive coverage of new developments, state-of-the-art technologies, and potential future trends, presenting data-based scientific knowledge on agribiotechnology and describing world agriculture and the role biotechnology can play in ensuring food security over the next fifty years. The book discusses the effects of climate change in agriculture and the resultant emergence of new crops, including drought tolerant and more nutritious plants. In addition, the book discusses insect and virus resistance in plants and outlines plant metabolic engineering for agriculture, genetically engineered plants, and microbial diseases. Highlights recent developments in agriculture due to biotechnology Relates the effect of climate change in agriculture to the development of new crops Describes the application of metabolic engineering in the development of new genetically modified plants

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : Vijai Kumar Gupta,Susanne Zeilinger,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Irina Druzhinina
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-12
ISBN : 0128194545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Recent Developments in Trichoderma Research covers topics on-Trichoderma biodiversity, strain improvement and related researches in bioprocess technology, chemical engineering, bioremediation process, secondary metabolite production, Protein production, plant disease resistance and biocontrol technology. This book includes unique compilations of different chapters with emerging issues in the area of Trichoderma research and its related importance in the Biochemical-Industry-Agri-Food sector. Includes recent developments on Trichoderma research in plant biotechnology, agriculture and in the environment Provides a detailed and comprehensive coverage of the biodiversity and biochemistry of Trichoderma Covers potential applications of Trichoderma in biotechnology, including secondary metabolites and protein engineering

Plant derived Natural Products

Plant derived Natural Products Book
Author : Anne E. Osbourn,Virginia Lanzotti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-07-07
ISBN : 9780387854984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Plants produce a huge array of natural products (secondary metabolites). These compounds have important ecological functions, providing protection against attack by herbivores and microbes and serving as attractants for pollinators and seed-dispersing agents. They may also contribute to competition and invasiveness by suppressing the growth of neighboring plant species (a phenomenon known as allelopathy). Humans exploit natural products as sources of drugs, flavoring agents, fragrances and for a wide range of other applications. Rapid progress has been made in recent years in understanding natural product synthesis, regulation and function and the evolution of metabolic diversity. It is timely to bring this information together with contemporary advances in chemistry, plant biology, ecology, agronomy and human health to provide a comprehensive guide to plant-derived natural products. Plant-derived natural products: synthesis, function and application provides an informative and accessible overview of the different facets of the field, ranging from an introduction to the different classes of natural products through developments in natural product chemistry and biology to ecological interactions and the significance of plant-derived natural products for humans. In the final section of the book a series of chapters on new trends covers metabolic engineering, genome-wide approaches, the metabolic consequences of genetic modification, developments in traditional medicines and nutraceuticals, natural products as leads for drug discovery and novel non-food crops.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : Ram Prasad,Sarvajeet Singh Gill,Narendra Tuteja
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-02-20
ISBN : 0444639888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Crop Improvement through Microbial Biotechnology explains how certain techniques can be used to manipulate plant growth and development, focusing on the cross-kingdom transfer of genes to incorporate novel phenotypes in plants, including the utilization of microbes at every step, from cloning and characterization, to the production of a genetically engineered plant. This book covers microbial biotechnology in sustainable agriculture, aiming to improve crop productivity under stress conditions. It includes sections on genes encoding avirulence factors of bacteria and fungi, viral coat proteins of plant viruses, chitinase from fungi, virulence factors from nematodes and mycoplasma, insecticidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis, and herbicide tolerance enzymes from bacteria. Introduces the principles of microbial biotechnology and its application in crop improvement Lists various new developments in enhancing plant productivity and efficiency Explains the mechanisms of plant/microbial interactions and the beneficial use of these interactions in crop improvement Explores various bacteria classes and their beneficial effects in plant growth and efficiency