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Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage

Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage Book
Author : Jose Carlos Magalhaes Pires,Ana Luisa da Cunha Goncalves
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-07
ISBN : 0128166002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage: Using Natural Resources for Sustainable Development presents the technologies associated with bioenergy and CCS and its applicability as an emissions reduction tool. The book explores existing climate policies and current carbon capture and storage technologies. Sections offer an overview of several routes to use biomass and produce bioenergy through processes with low or even negative CO2 emissions. Associated technology and the results of recent research studies to improve the sustainability of the processes are described, pointing out future trends and needs. This book can be used by bioenergy engineering researchers in industry and academia and by professionals and researchers in carbon capture and storage. Presents the most recent technologies in use and future trends in research and policy Examines the bioenergy production and biomass processing value chains, including biorefining, negative emission technologies and the use of microalgae Includes techno-economic analysis and sustainability assessment of the technologies discussed, as well as an overview of the latest research results

The Role of Bio energy with Carbon Capture and Storage in Meeting the Climate Mitigation Challenge A Whole System Perspective

The Role of Bio energy with Carbon Capture and Storage in Meeting the Climate Mitigation Challenge  A Whole System Perspective Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: This paper explores the role and implications of bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) for addressing the climate change mitigation challenge. Framed within the context of the latest emissions budgets, and their associated uncertainty, we present a summary of the contribution of BECCS within the Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) scenarios used by the climate change community. Within this discussion we seek to shed light on two important areas. Firstly, that BECCS is a central, but often hidden element of many of the modelling work that underpins climate policy from the global to the national scale. The second area we address are the assumptions for BECCS embedded within IAM models, and the wider system consequences of these implied levels of deployment. In light of these challenges, we question whether BECCS can deliver what is anticipated of it within existing climate change policy.

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage BECCS

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage  BECCS  Book
Author : Clair Gough,Patricia Thornley,Sarah Mander,Naomi Vaughan,Amanda Lea-Langton
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-09-24
ISBN : 1119237726
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential resource for understanding the potential role for biomass energy with carbon capture and storage in addressing climate change Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) offers a comprehensive review of the characteristics of BECCS technologies in relation to its various applications. The authors — a team of expert professionals — bring together in one volume the technical, scientific, social, economic and governance issues relating to the potential deployment of BECCS as a key approach to climate change mitigation. The text contains information on the current and future opportunities and constraints for biomass energy, explores the technologies involved in BECCS systems and the performance characteristics of a variety of technical systems. In addition, the text includes an examination of the role of BECCS in climate change mitigation, carbon accounting across the supply chain and policy frameworks. The authors also offer a review of the social and ethical aspects as well as the costs and economics of BECCS. This important text: Reveals the role BECCS could play in the transition to a low-carbon economy Discusses the wide variety of technical and non-technical constraints of BECCS Presents the basics of biomass energy systems Reviews the technical and engineering issues pertinent to BECCS Explores the societal implications of BECCS systems Written for academics and research professionals, Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) brings together in one volume the issues surrounding BECCS in an accessible and authoritative manner.

Bio energy with Carbon Capture and Storage BECCS Opportunities for Performance Improvement

Bio energy with Carbon Capture and Storage  BECCS   Opportunities for Performance Improvement Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Highlights: With heat recovery, carbon negative power plants can be 38%HHV efficient. BECCS plant efficiency and carbon negativity are strongly related. Sustainably sourced biomass is key to net atmospheric CO2 removal. Co-firing can reduce SOx formation. Abstract: This study evaluates the performance of a 500MW pulverised fuel BECCS system. A performance matrix is developed to assess the opportunities for BECCS performance improvement in terms of: energy efficiency, carbon intensity, and pollutant emissions. The effect of fuel properties was analysed for variable (i) coal type (high/medium sulphur content), (ii) biomass type (wheat straw and wood chips), (iii) moisture content, and (iv) biomass co-firing proportion %. It was observed that the co-firing of biomass increased the quantity and quality of waste heat available for recovery from the exhaust gas. The opportunities to improve energy efficiency in the BECCS system include enhancing heat recovery and using high performance solvents for CO2 capture, such as biphasic materials. Implementing these approaches increased the power generation efficiency from 31%HHV (conventional MEA system) to 38%HHV (using an advanced biphasic solvent with heat recovery). Furthermore, power generation efficiency was found to influence the carbon intensity on an annual basis and annual capacity (load factor) of the BECCS system. Significant reductions to SOX emissions were achieved by increasing biomass co-firing % or using low sulphur coal.

A Sustainability Framework for Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage BECCS Technologies

A Sustainability Framework for Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage  BECCS  Technologies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) involves the conversion of biomass to energy, producing CO2 which is sequestered, transported and then permanently stored in a suitable geological formation. Thus, a negative flow of CO2 from the atmosphere to the subsurface is established. The potential of BECCS to remove CO2 from the atmosphere (in addition to generating energy) makes it an attractive approach to help achieving the ambitious global warming targets of COP 21. BECCS has a range of variables such as the type of biomass resource, the conversion technology, the CO2 capture process used and storage options. Each of the pathways to connect these options has its own environmental, economic and social impacts. This study attempts to integrate these impacts into a three pillar sustainability framework (3PSF) approach. As an example, the 3PSF approach is applied to bioenergy from organic waste collected from municipal solid waste (MSW). Global and Australian potentials for using municipal solid waste as resource for bioenergy and coupling it with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), was investigated. Two BECCS systems, municipal solid waste incineration with carbon capture and storage (MSW-CCS) and landfill gas combusted in gas turbine with carbon capture and storage (LFG-CCS) were modelled. In the case of business-as-usual scenarios with no emission policy in place, the cost of electricity from both BECCS options is higher than for unmitigated coal power generation. However, introducing renewable energy certificate or negative emission refunding schemes has a significant impact on the economic viability of these technologies. Environmental impact assessments show that in the MSW-CCS model, for each kg of wet MSW incinerated around 0.7 kg CO2, eq is removed from the atmosphere. BECCS has the potential to be a valuable step towards a low-carbon energy system. However, if planned unsustainably it could compromise the natural ecosystem and social equity. The importance of the presented study is in its holistic approach to assessing the sustainability of different BECCS routes and providing a comprehensive adaptive management system that enables decision-makers to plan BECCS options in a transparent and timely manner.

Net Zero and Beyond

Net Zero and Beyond Book
Author : Duncan Brack,Richard King
Publisher : Chatham House Publishers
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9781784133801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Net Zero and Beyond book written by Duncan Brack,Richard King, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Integrating Algae with Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage ABECCS Increases Sustainability

Integrating Algae with Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage  ABECCS  Increases Sustainability Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Bioenergy carbon capture and storage (BECCS) has been proposed to reduce atmospheric CO2 concentrations, but concerns remain about competition for arable land and freshwater. The synergistic integration of algae production, which does not require arable land or freshwater, with BECCS (called "ABECCS") can reduce CO2 emissions without competing with agriculture. This study presents a technoeconomic and life‐cycle assessment for colocating a 121‐ha algae facility with a 2, 680‐ha eucalyptus forest for BECCS. The eucalyptus biomass fuels combined heat and power (CHP) generation with subsequent amine‐based carbon capture and storage (CCS). A portion of the captured CO2 is used for growing algae and the remainder is sequestered. Biomass combustion supplies CO2, heat, and electricity, thus increasing the range of sites suitable for algae cultivation. Economic, energetic, and environmental impacts are considered. The system yields as much protein as soybeans while generating 61.5TJ of electricity and sequestering 29, 600 t of CO2 per year. More energy is generated than consumed and the freshwater footprint is roughly equal to that for soybeans. Financial break‐even is achieved for product value combinations that include 1) algal biomass sold for $1, 400/t (fishmeal replacement) with a $68/t carbon credit and 2) algal biomass sold for $600/t (soymeal replacement) with a $278/t carbon credit. Sensitivity analysis shows significant reductions to the cost of carbon sequestration are possible. The ABECCS system represents a unique technology for negative emissions without reducing protein production or increasing water demand, and should therefore be included in the suite of technologies being considered to address global sustainability. Plain Language Summary: We evaluated the sustainability of integrating algae production with bioenergy CCS (called ABECCS). Our motivation is to devise an affordable system that removes CO2 from the atmosphere without negatively impacting food security. The International Panel on Climate Change suggested that in addition to zero‐emissions systems (such as solar power or crops), negative‐emissions systems are needed to mitigate global warming. Bioenergy CCS (BECCS) is a promising negative‐emissions approach in which biomass is combusted to generate electricity in conjunction with CCS. However, on a scale relevant to mitigating global warming, the arable land and freshwater requirements for BECCS could be unviable and cause competition with food production. In the ABECCS system, soy cropland is replaced by eucalyptus forests used for BECCS that provides marine algae with CO2, heat, and electricity. The integrated 2, 800‐ha facility produces as much high‐quality protein as soy without increasing freshwater demand, and generates 61.5TJ of electricity while sequestering 29, 600 t of CO2 per year. The system is economically viable when receiving $600/t of algae and $278/t of CO2 sequestered. With favorable economic conditions, ABECCS could contribute to the reduction of CO2 in the atmosphere in a sustainable way. Key Points: An economic, energetic, and environmental assessment is provided for coupling algae production with bioenergy carbon capture and storage The system produces as much protein per hectare as soybeans, while generating electricity and permanently sequestering carbon dioxide The integration offers a path to negative emissions without reducing global agricultural productivity or increasing freshwater footprint.

Carbon Capture and its Storage

Carbon Capture and its Storage Book
Author : Clair Gough
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-12-05
ISBN : 1351953419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is arguably the most important environmental issue that the world currently faces. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) offers the possibility of significant reductions in the volume of CO2 released into the atmosphere in the near to medium term. As a fairly new technology that has not been widely adopted, there remain some uncertainties related to both viability and desirability. This book discusses the key issues with regard to technical and legal feasibility, economic viability and public and stakeholder perceptions. It also provides recommendations for policy and future research.

Carbon Capture and Storage

Carbon Capture and Storage Book
Author : Mai Bui,Niall Mac Dowell
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2019-12-04
ISBN : 1839160527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) and "negative emissions" technologies will play an essential role in mitigating the impact of global warming and meeting the temperature targets set by the IPCC and by COP21. Identifying the role and value of CCS relative to other mitigation technologies is of vital importance. This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of the major sources of carbon dioxide emission, capture and storage, as well as negative emissions technologies, and provides insight into the role and value of CCS in the industrial and power sectors. The issues associated with commercial deployment of CCS are discussed, providing potential approaches to overcome these hurdles through a combination of political, economic and R&D strategies. Carbon Capture and Storage provides the latest global perspective on the role and value of CCS in delivering temperature targets and reducing the impact of global warming. With contributions from internationally recognised leaders, this book will appeal to graduate students and researchers in academia and industry, working in chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, and energy policy.

Scarcity and growth revisited

Scarcity and growth revisited Book
Author : Ralph David Simpson,Michael A. Toman,Robert U. Ayres
Publisher : Rff Press
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781933115115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this volume, a group of distinguished international scholars provides a fresh investigation of the most fundamental issues involved in our dependence on natural resources. In Scarcity and Growth (RFF, 1963) and Scarcity and Growth Reconsidered (RFF, 1979), researchers considered the long-term implications of resource scarcity for economic growth and human well-being. Scarcity and Growth Revisited examines these implications with 25 years of new learning and experience. It finds that concerns about resource scarcity have changed in essential ways. In contrast with the earlier preoccupation with the adequacy of fuel, mineral, and agricultural resources and the efficiency by which they are allocated, the greatest concern today is about the Earth's limited capacity to handle the environmental consequences of resource extraction and use. Opinion among scholars is divided on the ability of technological innovation to ameliorate this 'new scarcity.' However, even the book's more optimistic authors agree that the problems will not be successfully overcome without significant advances in the legal, financial, and other social institutions that protect the environment and support technical innovation. Scarcity and Growth Revisited incorporates expert perspectives from the physical and life sciences, as well as economics. It includes issues confronting the developing world as well as industrialized societies. The book begins with a review of the debate about scarcity and economic growth and a review of current assessments of natural resource availability and consumption. The twelve chapters that follow provide an accessible, lively, and authoritative update to an enduring-but changing-debate.

Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration

Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2019-04-08
ISBN : 0309484529
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To achieve goals for climate and economic growth, "negative emissions technologies" (NETs) that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the air will need to play a significant role in mitigating climate change. Unlike carbon capture and storage technologies that remove carbon dioxide emissions directly from large point sources such as coal power plants, NETs remove carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere or enhance natural carbon sinks. Storing the carbon dioxide from NETs has the same impact on the atmosphere and climate as simultaneously preventing an equal amount of carbon dioxide from being emitted. Recent analyses found that deploying NETs may be less expensive and less disruptive than reducing some emissions, such as a substantial portion of agricultural and land-use emissions and some transportation emissions. In 2015, the National Academies published Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration, which described and initially assessed NETs and sequestration technologies. This report acknowledged the relative paucity of research on NETs and recommended development of a research agenda that covers all aspects of NETs from fundamental science to full-scale deployment. To address this need, Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda assesses the benefits, risks, and "sustainable scale potential" for NETs and sequestration. This report also defines the essential components of a research and development program, including its estimated costs and potential impact.

Science at the Service of Europe

Science at the Service of Europe Book
Author : European Commission. Unit R3 - Strategic Planning, Programming and Procedures
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A general overview of the FP7 research programmes, together with brief examples of some newly launched FP7 projects in 2009"-- Foreword.

Accounting for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Wood Bioenergy

Accounting for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Wood Bioenergy Book
Author : Jay O'Laughlin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Accounting for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Wood Bioenergy book written by Jay O'Laughlin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy and Climate Change

Energy and Climate Change Book
Author : Michael Stephenson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-03-20
ISBN : 0128120223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy and Climate Change: An Introduction to Geological Controls, Interventions and Mitigations examines the Earth system science context of the formation and use of fossil fuel resources, and the implications for climate change. It also examines the historical and economic trends of fossil fuel usage and the ways in which these have begun to affect the natural system (i.e., the start of the Anthropocene). Finally, the book examines the effects we might expect in the future looking at evidence from the "deep time" past, and looks at ways to mitigate climate change by using negative emissions technology (e.g. bioenergy and carbon capture and storage, BECCS), but also by adapting to perhaps a higher than "two degree world," particularly in the most vulnerable, developing countries. Energy and Climate Change is an essential resource for geoscientists, climate scientists, environmental scientists, and students; as well as policy makers, energy professionals, energy statisticians, energy historians and economists. Provides an overarching narrative linking Earth system science with an integrated approach to energy and climate change Includes a unique breadth of coverage from modern to "deep time" climate change; from resource geology to economics; from climate change mitigation to adaptation; and from the industrial revolution to the Anthropocene Readable, accessible, and well-illustrated, giving the reader a clear overview of the topic

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dissertation Abstracts International book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Peer reviewed papers and overviews

Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies  Peer reviewed papers and overviews Book
Author : E. S. Rubin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Peer reviewed papers and overviews book written by E. S. Rubin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nature

Nature Book
Author : Sir Norman Lockyer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nature book written by Sir Norman Lockyer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Solid State Batteries for Grid scale Energy Storage

Solid State Batteries for Grid scale Energy Storage Book
Author : Hal Zarem,Ulrik Grape,Seeo, Inc
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Solid State Batteries for Grid scale Energy Storage book written by Hal Zarem,Ulrik Grape,Seeo, Inc, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy Technology Perspectives 2008

Energy Technology Perspectives 2008 Book
Author : International Energy Agency
Publisher : International Energy Agency
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This innovative work demonstrates how energy technologies can make a difference in an ambitious series of global scenarios to 2050. The study contains technology road maps for all key energy sectors, including electricity generation, buildings, industry and transport."

The Emissions Gap Report 2013

The Emissions Gap Report 2013 Book
Author : Bart Ullstein
Publisher : UN
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report confirms and strengthens the conclusions of previous analyses that current pledges and commitments fall short of set goals. It further says that, as emissions of greenhouse gases continue to rise rather than decline, it becomes less likely that emissions will be low enough by 2020 to be on a least-cost pathway towards meeting the 2� C target. As a result, after 2020, the world will have to rely on more difficult, costlier and riskier means of meeting the target. The further from the least-cost level in 2020, the higher these costs and the greater the risks will be. If the gap is not closed or significantly narrowed by 2020, the door to many options to limit temperature increase to 1.5� C at the end of this century will be closed, further increasing the need to rely on accelerated energy-efficiency increases and biomass with carbon capture and storage for reaching the target.