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Biodiversity And Evolution

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Biodiversity and Evolution

Biodiversity and Evolution Book
Author : Philippe Grandcolas,Marie-Christine Maurel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 008102567X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiversity and Evolution includes chapters devoted to the evolution and biodiversity of organisms at the molecular level, based on the study of natural collections from the Museum of Natural History. The book starts with an epistemological and historical introduction and ends with a critical overview of the Anthropocene epoch. Explores the study of natural collections of the Museum of Natural History Examines evolution and biodiversity at the molecular level Features an introduction focusing on epistemology and history Provides a critical overview

Evolutionary Biology Concepts Biodiversity Macroevolution and Genome Evolution

Evolutionary Biology     Concepts  Biodiversity  Macroevolution and Genome Evolution Book
Author : Pierre Pontarotti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-20
ISBN : 3642207634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The annual Evolutionary Biology Meetings in Marseilles serve to gather leading scientists, promote the exchange of ideas and encourage the formation of international collaborations. This book contains the most essential contributions presented at the 14th Evolutionary Biology Meeting, which took place in September 2010. It comprises 19 chapters organized according to the following categories: · Evolutionary Biology Concepts · Biodiversity and Evolution · Macroevolution · Genome Evolution Offering an up-to-date overview of recent results in the field of evolutionary biology, this book is an invaluable source of information for scientists, teachers and advanced students.

Genetics Evolution and Biodiversity

Genetics  Evolution and Biodiversity Book
Author : John Adds,Erica Larkcom,Ruth Miller
Publisher : Nelson Thornes
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780748774920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The revised edition of the highly successful Nelson Advanced Science Biology series for A Level Biology and Human Biology - Genetics, Evolution and Biodiversity provides full content coverage of Unit 5 of the AS and A2 specifications.

Ciliate Biodiversity and Evolution from Morphological Genomic and Epigenomic Views

Ciliate Biodiversity and Evolution from Morphological  Genomic and Epigenomic Views Book
Author : Xiao Chen,Lifang Li,Hongbo Pan,Xiaoshou Liu
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-06-08
ISBN : 2889668452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ciliate Biodiversity and Evolution from Morphological Genomic and Epigenomic Views book written by Xiao Chen,Lifang Li,Hongbo Pan,Xiaoshou Liu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ecology Evolution Biodiversity and Conservation

Ecology  Evolution  Biodiversity and Conservation Book
Author : Kelsey Malone
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-09-22
ISBN : 9781641162685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of study that focuses on the interactions among organisms and their environment is called ecology. It is a branch of biology that overlaps with the disciplines of genetics, ethology and evolutionary biology. The applications of ecology are prevalent in the fields of conservation biology, city planning, wetland management, community health, natural resource management and human social interaction. The understanding of evolution, biodiversity and the need for conservation is vital for a complete understanding of ecology. Adaptation, natural selection, inheritance, populations and life history are some of the concepts intrinsic to both evolutionary biology and ecology. Biodiversity is the variety of life and life's processes. It encompasses the genetic differences among living organisms, the ecosystems and communities they inhabit and the evolutionary and ecological processes required for their subsistence. The conservation and management of biodiversity requires innovative approaches to address the ecological scope of biodiversity. This book contains some path-breaking studies in the field of ecology. It is a valuable compilation of topics, ranging from the basic to the most complex theories and insights in evolution, biodiversity and conservation. It is an essential guide for both academicians and those who wish to pursue this discipline further.

Biodiversity in Agriculture

Biodiversity in Agriculture Book
Author : Paul Gepts
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-02-23
ISBN : 0521764599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brings together research from a range of fields to address key questions relating to agriculture: its origins and long-term sustainability.

Governing Global Biodiversity

Governing Global Biodiversity Book
Author : Philippe G. Le Prestre
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-05-15
ISBN : 1351932535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Predictions about the success of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) are pessimistic. It has now become commonplace to bemoan the scope, ambition, and deeply political nature of a convention that addresses issues ranging from ecosystems protection to the exploitation of genetic resources, from conservation to justice, and from commerce to scientific knowledge. Ten years after its adoption, how can we assess the difference that the CBD has made? Is it in danger of collapsing under its own weight or is it building the foundations of new patterns of relations between societies and nature? What achievements can we record and what challenges does it face? In this book, which is unique in its scope, diversity and the wealth of information it contains, contributors from a variety of academic disciplines tackle an issue of enduring importance to the protection of biodiversity and enhance our understanding of humanity's capacity to reconcile its various aspirations and halt the destructive path upon which it is set.

Origins of Biodiversity

Origins of Biodiversity Book
Author : Lindell Bromham,Marcel Cardillo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-04-18
ISBN : 0199608717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a unique introduction to the fields of macroevolution and macroecology, taking an enquiry-led approach to exploring the evolution and distribution of biodiversity across time, space and lineages.The only introduction to macroevolution and macroecology to adopt an innovative enquiry-led, case study-based framework to encourage active learning and critical thinking, this book:Extends the study of evolutionary biology and ecology beyond the topics covered in typical undergraduate textsExplores the nature of scientific investigation by emphasising hypothesis testing and highlighting the range of analytical tools available to contemporary researchersEncourages active student-driven learning by using open questions and current debates to promote critical thinking, identify interesting and important problems, and demonstrate how to frame testable research hypothesesCombines these three skills--an understanding of macroevolutionary and macroecological principles and patterns, a grasp of hypothesis testing, and the ability to identify important questions--to allow students to look at the world with new eyes, and develop an understanding of why the biological world is as it is.

Coexistence

Coexistence Book
Author : Jan Sapp
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-10-18
ISBN : 0190632453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about tropical biology in action- how biologists grapple with the ecology and evolution of the great species diversity in tropical rainforests and coral reefs. Tropical rainforests are home to 50% of all the plant and animal species on earth, though they cover only about 2% of the planet. Coral reefs hold 25% of the world's marine diversity, though they represent only 0.1 % of the world's surface. The increase in species richness from the poles to the tropics has remained enigmatic to naturalists for more than 200 years. How have so many species evolved in the tropics? How can so many species coexist there? At a time when rainforests and coral reefs are shrinking, when the earth is facing what has been called the sixth mass extinction, understanding the evolutionary ecology of the tropics is everyone's business. Despite the fundamental importance of the tropics to all of life on earth, tropical biology has evolved relatively slowly and with difficulties - economic, political, and environmental. This book is also about tropical science in context, situated in the complex socio-political history, and the rich rainforests and coral reefs of Panama. There are no other books on the history of tropical ecology and evolution or on the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Thus situated in historical context, Jan Sapp's aim is to understand how naturalists have studied and conceptualized the great biological diversity and entangled ecology of tropics. This book has potential to be used in tropical biology classes, ecology courses, evolutionary ecology and it could also be useful in classes on the history of biology.

The Biology of Biodiversity

The Biology of Biodiversity Book
Author : M. Kato
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 4431659307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological diversity, or biodiversity, refers to the universal attribute of all living organisms that each individual being is unique - that is, no two organisms are identical. The biology of biodiversity must include all the aspects of evolutionary and ecological sciences analyzing the origin, changes, and maintenance of the di versity of living organisms. Today biodiversity, which benefits human life in vari ous ways, is threatened by the expansion of human activities. Biological research in biodiversity contributes not only to understanding biodiversity itself but also to its conservation and utilization. The Biology of Biodiversity was the specialty area of the 1998 International Prize for Biology. The International Prize for Biology was established in 1985 in commemoration of the sixty-year reign of the Emperor Showa and his longtime devotion to biological research. The 1998 Prize was awarded to Professor Otto Thomas Solbrig, Harvard University, one of the authors of this book. In conjunction with the awarding of the International Prize for Biology, the 14th International Symposium with the theme of The Biology of Biodiversity was held in Hayama on the 9th and 10th of December 1998, with financial support by an international symposium grant from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture of Japan. The invited speakers were chosen so as to cover four basic aspects of biodiversity: species diversity and phylogeny, ecological biodiversity, development and evolution, and genetic diversity of living organisms including human beings.

Biodiversity and Evolution of Glacial Water Ecosystems in the Rila Mountains

Biodiversity and Evolution of Glacial Water Ecosystems in the Rila Mountains Book
Author : Vasil Golemanski
Publisher : Akademicno Izdatelstvo
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biodiversity and Evolution of Glacial Water Ecosystems in the Rila Mountains book written by Vasil Golemanski, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Complexity

Complexity Book
Author : William C. Burger
Publisher : Prometheus Books
Release : 2016-06-14
ISBN : 1633881946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This very readable overview of natural history explores the dynamics that have made our planet so rich in biodiversity over time and supported the rise and dominance of our own species. Tracing the arc of evolutionary history, biologist William C. Burger shows that cooperation and symbiosis have played a critical role in the ever increasing complexity of life on earth. Life may have started from the evolution of cooperating organic molecules, which outpaced their noncooperating neighbors. A prime example of symbiosis was the early incorporation of mitochondria into the eukaryotic cell (through a process called “endosymbiosis”). This event gave these cells a powerful new source of energy. Later, cooperation was again key when millions to trillions of individual eukaryotic cells eventually came together to build the unitary structures of large plants and animals. And cooperation between individuals of the same species resulted in complex animal societies, such as ant colonies and bee hives. Turning to our own species, the author argues that our ability to cooperate, along with incessant inter-group conflict, has driven the advancement of cultures, the elaboration of our technologies, and made us the most “invasive” species on the planet. But our very success has now become a huge problem, as our world dominion threatens the future of the biosphere and confronts us with a very uncertain future. Thought-provoking and full of fascinating detail, this eloquently told story of life on earth and our place within it presents a grand perspective and raises many important questions.

In the Light of Evolution

In the Light of Evolution Book
Author : National Academy of Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2009-01-22
ISBN : 0309127432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current extinction crisis is of human making, and any favorable resolution of that biodiversity crisis--among the most dire in the 4-billion-year history of Earth--will have to be initiated by mankind. Little time remains for the public, corporations, and governments to awaken to the magnitude of what is at stake. This book aims to assist that critical educational mission, synthesizing recent scientific information and ideas about threats to biodiversity in the past, present, and projected future. This is the second volume from the In the Light of Evolution series, based on a series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia, and designed to promote the evolutionary sciences. Each installment explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. Individually and collectively, the ILE series aims to interpret phenomena in various areas of biology through the lens of evolution, address some of the most intellectually engaging as well as pragmatically important societal issues of our times, and foster a greater appreciation of evolutionary biology as a consolidating foundation for the life sciences.

Experimental Evolution and the Nature of Biodiversity

Experimental Evolution and the Nature of Biodiversity Book
Author : Rees Kassen
Publisher : Roberts Publishers
Release : 2014-06-02
ISBN : 9781936221462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Why and how did life become so diverse? This has been a central problem in biology. Experimen-tal Evolution and the Nature of Biodiversity explores how diversity evolves in microbial popula-tions that occupy some of the simplest environments imaginable, laboratory test tubes. Microbial evolution experiments allow researchers to watch the evolutionary process unfold in real time while tracking diversification in both phenotype and genotype along the way. When combined with new insights coming from next-generation sequencing, these experiments can tell us much more about the sorts of problems and questions related to adaptation and diversity"--"Why and how did life become so diverse? This has been a central problem in biology. Experimental Evolution and the Nature of Biodiversity explores how diversity evolves in microbial populations that occupy some of the simplest environments imaginable--laboratory test tubes"--

Biodiversity and Evolution of Parasitic Life in the Southern Ocean

Biodiversity and Evolution of Parasitic Life in the Southern Ocean Book
Author : Sven Klimpel,Thomas Kuhn,Heinz Mehlhorn
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-25
ISBN : 9783319463421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Southern Oceans including Antarctic regions are peculiar and very sensitive water biotopes, where animal life and species interrelations are only poorly investigated. Especially the influence of parasites on their host species needs intensive consideration in times of global warming and worldwide pollution. Both factors may influence the finely balanced interrelationships between parasites and endangered hosts especially in specialized regions such as Antarctica. Before this background the present book offers a broad spectrum of important parasite-host interrelations in times of ecosystem changes written by experienced and renown international specialists.

Thermophiles Biodiversity Ecology and Evolution

Thermophiles  Biodiversity  Ecology  and Evolution Book
Author : Anna-Louise Reysenbach,Mary Voytek,Rocco Mancinelli
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461511976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These are indeed exciting times to be a microbiologist. With one of the buzzwords of the past decade-"Biodiversity," and microbes are reveling in the attention as they represent by far most of the biodiversity on Earth. Microbes can thrive in almost any environment where there is an exploitable energy source, and, as a result, the possible existence of microbial life elsewhere in the solar system has stimulated the imaginations of many. Extremophiles have taken center stage in these investigations, and thermophiles have taken on the lead roles. Consequently, in the past decade there has been a surge of interest and research in the Ecology, Biology, and Biotechnology of microorganisms from thermal environments. Many of the foundations of thermophile research were laid in Yellowstone National Park, primarily by the research of Professor Thomas Brock's laboratory in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The upper temperature for life was debated, the first thermophilic archeum discovered (although it was only later shown to be an archeum by ribosomal cataloging), and the extremes of light, temperature, pH on the physiology of microorga nisms were explored. Interest in thermophiles increased steadily in the 1970s, and with the discovery of deep-sea hydrothermal vents in 1977, thermophilic research began its expo nential explosion. The development of Taq polymerase in the polymerase chain reaction (peR) focused interest on the biotechnological potential of thermophilic microorganisms and on the thermal features in Yellowstone National Park.

What Is Biodiversity

What Is Biodiversity  Book
Author : James Maclaurin,Kim Sterelny
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2008-11-15
ISBN : 0226500829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the life sciences, there is wide-ranging debate about biodiversity. While nearly everyone is in favor of biodiversity and its conservation, methods for its assessment vary enormously. So what exactly is biodiversity? Most theoretical work on the subject assumes it has something to do with species richness—with the number of species in a particular region—but in reality, it is much more than that. Arguing that we cannot make rational decisions about what it is to be protected without knowing what biodiversity is, James Maclaurin and Kim Sterelny offer in What Is Biodiversity? a theoretical and conceptual exploration of the biological world and how diversity is valued. Here, Maclaurin and Sterelny explore not only the origins of the concept of biodiversity, but also how that concept has been shaped by ecology and more recently by conservation biology. They explain the different types of biodiversity important in evolutionary theory, developmental biology, ecology, morphology and taxonomy and conclude that biological heritage is rich in not just one biodiversity but many. Maclaurin and Sterelny also explore the case for the conservation of these biodiversities using option value theory, a tool borrowed from economics. An erudite, provocative, timely, and creative attempt to answer a fundamental question, What Is Biodiversity? will become a foundational text in the life sciences and studies thereof.

Quaternary Ecology Evolution and Biogeography

Quaternary Ecology  Evolution  and Biogeography Book
Author : Valentí Rull
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-05
ISBN : 0128204745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography offers an introduction to the study of the ecological and evolutionary processes that have shaped our present biosphere under the influence of glacial-interglacial cycles. Written by an ecologist with paleoecological expertise, this book reviews the climactic changes that have occurred during the last 2.6 million years, along with the responses of organisms and ecosystems. It offers an understanding of the evolutionary origin of extant biodiversity, its biogeographical patterns, and the composition of modern ecological communities. In addition, it explores human evolution and the influence of our activities on the biosphere, especially in the last millennia. This book offers the latest information on how studying the past can contribute to our understanding of present climate issues for a better future, and is an ideal resource for researchers and students in the natural sciences. Includes the latest developments in genomics and their relevance within Quaternary evolution Offers a holistic view of the origin of biodiversity patterns and community assembly Discusses the role of climate on human evolution and the ecological consequences for natural systems

Adaptation and Evolution in Marine Environments Volume 2

Adaptation and Evolution in Marine Environments  Volume 2 Book
Author : Cinzia Verde,Guido di Prisco
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-29
ISBN : 3642273491
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second volume of “Adaptation and Evolution in Marine Environments – The Impacts of Global Change on Biodiversity” from the series “From Pole to Pole” integrates the marine biology contribution of the first tome to the IPY 2007-2009, presenting overviews of organisms (from bacteria and ciliates to higher vertebrates) thriving on polar continental shelves, slopes and deep sea. The speed and extent of warming in the Arctic and in regions of Antarctica (the Peninsula, at the present ) are greater than elsewhere. Changes impact several parameters, in particular the extent of sea ice; organisms, ecosystems and communities that became finely adapted to increasing cold in the course of millions of years are now becoming vulnerable, and biodiversity is threatened. Investigating evolutionary adaptations helps to foresee the impact of changes in temperate areas, highlighting the invaluable contribution of polar marine research to present and future outcomes of the IPY in the Earth system scenario.